The Archive Hour
|Frontline Females - 1||19980411||A revised history of nursing during the Second World War.|
The first of two programmes hears from some of the thousands of women who put their lives in danger to care for the wounded, both at home and abroad.
Claire Rayner looks at the real experience of nursing during the Second World War.
She continues the story of the women who faced the dangers of the Blitz, the Western Desert and the POW camps to nurse the wounded.
|Frontline Females - 2||19980418|
|The Berlin Blockade||19980425||Fifty years on, John Tusa reconsiders a unique and terrible episode that marked the onset of the Cold War.|
|The Creation Of Israel||19980502||To mark the 50th anniversary of the creation of Israel, Gerald Butt reveals the inside stories of members of the underground movement who fought for the creation of an independent Jewish state.|
|Going Up||19980509||19980926||Mavis Nicholson looks at the history of the department store.|
|A Century Of Gardens - 1||19980516||The first of two personal pieces by gardening expert Eric Robson.|
He shows how the formal country estates of Capability Brown have had their influence on today's modern estate gardens and takes a look back through the radio gardening arcHIVes.
The second part of a personal reflection on gardens and their design by Eric Robson.
Using arcHIVe recordings and music, he shows how radio has tried to make us better gardeners over the decades and explains why what appears to be a peaceful pastime manages to provoke such strong passions.
|A Century Of Gardens - 2||19980523||The second part of a personal reflection on gardens and their design by Eric Robson.|
Using arcHIVe recordings and music, he shows how radio has tried to make us better gardeners over the decades and explains why what appears to be a peaceful pastime manages to provoke such strong passions.
|Bobbies||19980606||19981003||John Alderson, former chief constable of DEVON and Cornwall, looks back at his policing career and gives a personal view of some of the changes that have shaped postwar law enforcement.|
|The Rivonia Trial||19980613||19981010||Marcel BERLINs recalls one of this century's greatest political trials.|
In the dock were nine men - six black, two white and one INDIAn - including Nelson Mandela.
All were charged with sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the state by revolution, and all but one were given life sentences for a cause for which they were prepared to die.
|Crossing The Water||19980620||19981017||Evadney Campbell explores the personal stories of migrants' journeys to Britain from around the world.|
|Prisoners Of War - 1||19980627||Geoffrey Wheeler tells the story of the German and Italian Second World War POWs - it was a unique time in this country's history when opposing sides in a European conflict lived alongside each other in British towns and villages.|
|Little We Can Do||19980704||The National Health Service is 50 years old tomorrow - it may have been a brilliant social project at the time of its founding, but Brian Sefton argues that, from the very first day, those who worked it were running to keep up.|
|That Special Relationship||19980711||20001021||In 1946, Winston Churchill spoke of the `special relationship' between Britain and America.|
Peter Jay, a former ambassador to Washington, looks back over the last 50 years of Anglo-American diplomacy and examines the changing nature of the transatlantic alliance.
|Answering The Call||19980718||20001028||Former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda, who was educated at a mission school, is among those recalling the life and work of British missionaries during the 20th century.|
Presented by Colin Morris
|Not Me, Guv||19980725||20001104||Former borstal boy Mark Leech trawls the arcHIVes to uncover our changing attitudes towards young offenders through the decades, from the enlightened philanthropists at the turn of the century to the philosophies of the boot camp of the 90s.|
|The London Olympics||19980801||20001111||Fifty years on, Olympian Paul Dickenson looks at how the British people rallied round to host the first Olympic Games since the end of the Second World War.|
|The Railway Station - 1||19980808||20001118||Two programmes about railway stations.|
Social historian Jeffrey Richards looks at these hubs of urban life, and explores their place in our culture as ARCHITECTure, places of welcome and farewell, and as the starting point for writers, artists and designers.
`Milk Churns, a Porter and a Cat on a Seat'.
In the second of two programmes, social historian Jeffrey Richards looks at the country station, which ended rural isolation in Victorian times and has long been depicted in the work of writers, artists and film-makers.
|The Railway Station - 2 Last||19980815||20001125||In the first of two programmes about railway stations, social historian Jeffrey Richards looks at these hubs of urban life, and explores their place in our culture as ARCHITECTure, places of welcome and farewell, and as the starting point for writers, artists and designers.|
`Milk Churns, a Porter and a Cat on a Seat'.
In the second of two programmes, social historian Jeffrey Richards looks at the country station, which ended rural isolation in Victorian times and has long been depicted in the work of writers, artists and film-makers.
|The Alternative Press||19980822||20001202||Often innovative and frequently unreadable, underground papers have mostly been short-lived, but continue to make an impact.|
Nigel Fountain looks at their history, beginning in the 1930s, when Claude Cockburn's duplicated newsletter The Week started shocking the British establishment.
|Invisible Rays||19980829||20001209||Professor John Durant takes a personal look at some of the myths, mysteries and milestones which have affected the public perception of radiation in the last 100 years.|
|Eating Their Words||19980905||Martin Wainwright looks at the propaganda of food, from the pronouncements of politicians to the world of food advertising and the celebrity chef.|
|The Codebreakers||19980912||Christopher Andrew traces the history of postwar espionage - the codebreaking agreements between the UK and the US which were concluded 50 years ago this summer, and how they led to the unmasking of the KGB's five most successful British agents.|
|A Nation Of Shopkeepers||19980919||Thirty years on, Jatinder Verma tells the story of the Asian exodus from KENYA to Britain.|
Victims of racial hysteria in both countries, they were unwanted in their motherland (INDIA), homeland (KENYA), or promised land (Britain).
|Hidden Heroes||19980926||In the summer of 1940, Britain was preparing for a Nazi invasion.|
Allan Little meets members of the top secret British resistance army who were trained to use guerrilla tactics and espionage to wreak havoc behind enemy lines.
|Other Days Around Me||19981003||Denys Hawthorne presents extracts from the sound arcHIVes of BBC Radio Ulster, featuring the voices and recollections of some of IRELAND's best-known writers - including John Mcgahern, Seamus Heaney, Brian Friel, Edna O'Brien, Tyrone Guthrie and Kathleen Behan.|
Plus a few snatches of song.
|Fifty Years Of Any Questions||19981017||20000408||From meat rationing to the Millennium Dome, `Any Questions' has over the years become a British institution uniquely reflecting political developments and social attitudes.|
In a special edition celebrating its fiftieth anniversary, Jonathan Dimbleby charts the enduring appeal and success of this programme.
|Return Of The Man In Black - 1||19981024||20000415||September 1943, and a dark chill settles over Britain as, for the first time, the BBC broadcasts the sonorous tones of the Man in Black, bringing an appointment with fear.|
In the first of two programmes, horror writer Ramsey Campbell recalls the terrifying impact that series had on the listening public.
In a programme designed to thrill on Hallowe'en, writer Ramsey Campbell traces the history of horror on the radio.
With arcHIVe contributions from Stephen King and Dennis Wheatley.
|Return Of The Man In Black - 2 Last||19981031||20000422|
|In Parenthesis||19981107||20000429||The armistice which brought an end to the fighting of the First World War was signed 80 years ago this month.|
Poet and painter David Jones composed a long poem from his memories of the time, and this was directed for radio by Douglas Cleverdon with Richard Burton and Dylan Thomas.
In this programme, Nest Cleverdon introduces scenes from her late husband's legendary work and recalls its making.
|Hoax||19981114||20000506||The art of hoaxing has a special place in history, from the Cottingley fairies to the man who sold the Eiffel Tower.|
Nick Yapp takes a look at this phenomenon, asking what makes people want to carry out a hoax and why victims are so easily hoodwinked.
|Alistair Cooke - A Celebration||19981121||20000513||`Writing for Talking'.|
Alistair Cooke, in a lecture recorded in NEW YORK last year, recalls his early days in broadcasting, tells how he got started in the BBC, and explains how to write a talk for radio.
Plus a classic edition of `Letter from America' recorded days after the assassination of Robert Kennedy.
Introduced by Nick Clarke
|The Dancebands||19981128||20000520||Nigel Fountain considers the rise and demise of dance band music as the British have experienced it, from jazz to swing.|
With contributions from some of Britain's most notable band leaders, including Ray Noble, Ambrose and Roy Fox.
|Alfred Bradley||19981205||20000527||During the 60s and 70s, Alfred Bradley produced some of the most innovative drama to have appeared on BBC Radio.|
Alan Plater looks back at his career, recalling classic plays such as Shelagh Delaney's `A Taste of Honey', Stan Barstow's `A Kind of Loving' and Peter Terson's `The Fishing Party'.
|A Christmas Gander||19981219||Simon Fanshawe delves deep into the BBC to discover the lengths programmes and presenters go to in order to capture some of the traditions of CHRISTMAS.|
|On Conversation||19981226||Poet and critic Tom Paulin explores the history of conversation, from the teaching dialogue of Socrates and Plato to the factory-floor gossip of nineties sitcoms.|
With illustrations from Peter Cook and Dudley Moore, Sir Isaiah BERLIN and Harry Enfield
|Tomorrow At The Same Time - 1||19990102||Author Jeffrey Robinson recalls radio programmes in the 30s.|
James Thurber's study of American radio soap operas in the 40s offers us a guide to that most maligned of art forms.
Author Jeffrey Robinson returns to an age when `Soaptown' was the model for how Americans should live.
Author Jeffrey Robinson discovers the world of the soap opera star and the soap opera fan in light of the programmes which filled the American airwaves throughout the 30s and 40s.
|Tomorrow At The Same Time - 2||19990109|
|Tomorrow At The Same Time - 3 Last||19990116|
|Shakespearean Women||19990130||19990612||In Shakespeare's time, female roles were played by boys.|
In the 1990s, Fiona Shaw played the lead role in `Richard II'.
Here, she considers the way women have approached acting Shakespeare since the advent of recorded sound, from the days when Ellen Terry dominated the Edwardian stage to classic radio performances by Edith Evans, Flora Robson, Dorothy Tutin and Judi Dench
|Born Again In A New Condition||19990206||19990828||Author David Dabydeen uses diaries and letters to explore the relationship between black people and Britain from the 16th century to the Second World War.|
|Watching The Workers||19990213||19990724||The Mass Observation movement of the 1930s was an ambitious attempt to bring the methods of anthropology to bear on aspects of British society.|
The results were remarkable and sometimes hilarious - a collision of classes, cultures and regions.
Presented b / The Mass Observation movement of the 1930s was an ambitious attempt to bring the methods of anthropology to bear on aspects of British society.
Presented by Fred Inglis
|Charles Dickens||19990220||19990731||Professor Chris Bigsby examines the changing face of Dickens's universe, probably the most adapted and adaptable writer in the ENGLISH language.|
With extracts from radio, film and musicals.
|A United States Of Europe?||19990227||19990807||In 1957, the six founder members of the European Economic Community signed the Treaty of Rome, laying the foundations for a united Europe.|
But Britain stayed away.
Historian Christopher Andrew examines Britain's mercurial relationship with the union and wonders if it will ever take its place at the heart of a `UNITED STATES of Europe'.
|Death In The Bush||19990306||19990814||Former ITN correspondent Desmond Hamill recalls one of the bloodiest uprisings in the last days of the British Empire - the Mau Mau emergency in KENYA, which claimed more than ten thousand lives.|
|The Two Cultures Debate||19990313||19990821||1999 is the 40th anniversary of C P Snow's lecture, `The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution'.|
The two cultures were the scientific community and the literary establishment.
Panellists Susan Greenfield, Lewis Wolpert, Gillian Beer and Simon Jenkins debate the motion: `This house believes that 40 years after CP Snow's lecture, Britain is still a nation of two cultures'.
Chairman Melvyn Bragg
|Women Comedians||19990320||19990828||Comedian Morwenna Banks explores the development of female comedy in Britain, from the impact of Marie Lloyd's saucy innuendo to the postfeminist creations of Edina and Patsy in `Absolutely Fabulous'.|
|Spanish Steps||19990327||19990904||Sixty years ago, Spain was in chaos as the fascist forces of General Francisco Franco made their final push towards victory in the Spanish Civil War, after three years of bitter fighting and the deaths of thousands.|
Penny Phelps and Manolo Pulgar witnessed the agony.
Actor Alfred Molina tells their story.
|Redeeming Features - 1 - Playtime||19990403||19990911||Four programmes in which Piers Plowright visits the BBC sound arcHIVes to listen to radio feature highlights that have excited him.|
|Redeeming Features - 2 - Work||19990410||19990918|
|Redeeming Features - 4 Last - Wonderland||19990424||19990918|
|For Valour||19990508||Surviving recipients of the Victoria Cross tell their remarkable stories at a reunion in LONDON.|
|The Death Of Apartheid||19990515||Anthony Sampson, biographer of Nelson Mandela, recalls key turning points in the slow collapse of apartheid in South Africa.|
He introduces `The Day Apartheid Died', an eye-witness account of the Soweto students' uprising of 16 June 1976 - a watershed in the long black struggle against white minority rule.
|Orson Welles - The Storyteller - 1||19990522||Simon Callow traces the life of Orson Welles.|
Born in 1915, Welles was intellectually brilliant, flamboyant and physically imposing.
Using a wealth of arcHIVe material, Callow narrates his biography up to the most famous programme in radio history - Welles's production for Hallowe'en of `War of the Worlds', which momentarily brought the UNITED STATES to a halt.
|Orson Welles - The Storyteller - 2 Last||19990529||At the end of the Second World War, Welles left America and his life became increasingly nomadic.|
He successfully adapted Graham Greene's Harry Lime character for radio in `The Lives of Harry Lime', and although his genius as a storyteller did not desert him, his luck began to run out.
|Lost Liners||19990619||Nigel Fountain visits Southampton to discover the history and fate of the great ocean liners which sailed from there during this century, including the Titanic, the Queen Elizabeth and the QE2.|
|The Muse And The Microphone||19990626||Seventy-five years ago a poem was first read on the BBC National programme.|
Poet Laureate Andrew Motion explores the intense relationship between the muse and the MICROPHONE, drawing on landmark recordings.
|Mr America||19990710||Canadian actor Angus Macinnes, a veteran of more than twenty Hollywood films, reviews the history of some of America's most marketable leading men who embodied the US ideals of truth, honour, decency and justice.|
|Dickens||19990717||The works of Charles Dickens were first adapted for the stage during the author's lifetime, and since his death have continued to find new life on radio, television and in the cinema.|
Professor Chris Bigsby of the University of East Anglia samples some of those adaptations.
|A Limited Operation||19990731||Fionnuala O'Connor traces the events which led up to the arrival of troops in Northern IRELAND in August 1969.|
The programme looks at the turbulent months which led to what was to be called by one army commander a `limited operation'.
It also examines the impact of the Civil Rights Association and the violence that often accompanied their protest marches.
|George And The Midget||19990814||Dr Alun Howkins tells the story of the writer George Ewart Evans, a Welshman with a hearing problem who, using one of the first portable tape recorders, unlocked the sound of rural East Anglia and pioneered many of the techniques of the modern oral history movement.|
|Kindertransport||19990821||Sixty years ago, Britain gave refuge to children from Nazi Europe, saved by the Kindertransports - trains from BERLIN, Vienna, Prague and elsewhere.|
The parents were left behind - most were killed in the concentration camps.
In 1939, BBC Radio recorded a programme in which newly arrived children told their story.
Now, historian Dr David Cesarani interviews the some of the children again.
|Derek Cooper's Food Programme Memories||19990925||To mark the 20th anniversary of `The Food Programme', Derek Cooper recalls his memorable moments, including an encounter with Elizabeth David, a trip down the LONDON sewers and a gruelling visit to a slaughterhouse.|
|Whistle Up A Storm||19991002||Libby Purves explores the tempestuous life of the people who sailed on the last commercial square-riggers, the giant sailing ships that braved Cape Horn to bring cheap Australian grain to Europe.|
She traces some of these ancient mariners, women as well as / Libby Purves explores the tempestuous life of the people who sailed on the last commercial square-riggers, the giant sailing ships that braved Cape Horn to bring cheap Australian grain to Europe.
She traces some of these ancient mariners, women as well as men, to hear stories of death-defying adventures, superstition and storms in which crew members had to work on rigging as high as a church steeple.
|Find A Space||19991016||Nick Baker takes a personal look back at over 70 years of radio broadcasting for children at home, at school and in the car.|
He recalls how - like millions of others - he span around the school hall in his underwear to find a space during `Music and Movement'.
|View From A Ledge - The Wall Street Crash||19991023||Peter Jay recalls the catastrophic fall in share prices that shook the NEW YORK Stock Exchange on 24 October 1929 and heralded a decade of economic chaos.|
Leading economist J K Galbraith relives that fateful day, with contributions from two US presidents.
|Ghost In The Machine||19991030||For Hallowe'en, Ian Peacock puts together a soundtrack of the supernatural, from seances taped at haunted houses to the noises of spectres invented for funfairs and theatre productions.|
|Army Of Occupation||19991113||20010421||On the eve of Remembrance Sunday, Professor Richard Holmes tells the forgotten story of the Allied occupation of Germany after the First World War.|
He reveals how young soldiers who had known nothing but war were affected by everyday life among the enemy.
|The War Of The Airwaves||19991120||20010428||Tim Sebastian asks whether the power of radio helped to bring down the BERLIN Wall.|
At the height of the Cold War, ordinary people throughout the Soviet bloc secretly tuned into radio stations funded by Western governments, while Radio Moscow preached the Communist gospel in ENGLISH.
Sebastian explores the this broadcasting battle.
|A Lesser-spotted Love Song||19991127||20010505||As the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds celebrates acquiring its millionth member, Mark Cocker presents a history of birdwatching in Britain, with contributions from ornithologists James Fisher, Eric Simms and Desmond Nethersole Thompson, Peter Scott, Chris Mead, Ian Wallace and Tim Sharrock.|
|Some Like It Hot||19991211||20010331|
|Cleo Laine revisits the golden age of the all-girl swing band in the UNITED STATES and America.|
From Ivy Benson to the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, she explores the careers of professional women musicians from the 1940s in their own words and music.
Cleo Laine revisits the 1940s golden age of the all-girl swing band in the UK and America.
Cleo Laine revisits the golden age of the all-girl swing band in the United States. From Ivy Benson to the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, she explores the careers of professional women musicians from the 1940s in their own words and music.
|Jingles All The Way||19991218||20010407||Paul Vaughan profiles jingle writer Johnny Johnston, who wrote more than 4,000 catchy tunes from `Beanz Meanz Heinz' to `Softness Is a Thing Called Comfort' after independent television went on air in Britain in 1955.|
In the trade he became known as the king of the jingles.
With contributions from Dame Vera Lynn, Bill Cotton, Denis Norden and Cliff Adams
|A Christmas World In Your Ear||19991225||20010414||Emily Buchanan examines festive traditions through the medium of ENGLISH language programmes from around the world.|
She looks at why the Czechs are filling their baths with carp, what is cooking for the Jewish festival of Hanukkah and why New Zealanders are keen to stamp out flirting Santas.
|Fit For Nothing||20000108||20010602||Simon Fanshawe explores a lifetime of keep-fit, from primary school spins and stretches to the rigours of the over-60s.|
|Biafra||20000115||20010609||Martin Bell recalls the Nigerian civil war and the plight of Biafra, the state which was attempting to break away from Nigeria.|
In early 1968 the world woke up to the humanitarian disaster when western journalists discovered the hundreds of children dying every day.
Featuring interviews with General Gowon, leader of the Nigerian federal government, and the Biafran leader Colonel Ojukwu.
|The History Men||20000122||20010616||Professor David Cannadine looks at how history has been presented in the age of broadcasting - from the first `telly dons' and media Marxists of the 1970s to today's postmodernists.|
|Boy, Oh Boy; He's Going Down...||20000129||20010317|
|Sean Street reports on moments when radio reporters and commentators have given way to the heat of the moment and sacrificed their accustomed formality for something for more spontaneous.|
Sean Street examines those moments where Radio forgets itself.
4 Extra Debut. Sean Street examines those moments where Radio forgets itself, when laughter, alcohol or sheer emotion overwhelm. From January 2000.
|Animal Crackers||20000205||20010324||An investigation into the British passion for watching animals.|
Badger watchers may lie for hours in cold, cramped conditions for sight of their quarry.
When does a hobby become an obsession...? How many secret experts are out there?
|Cliff Michelmore At 80||20000212||20010331||Radio's family favourite and the television anchorman who coined the phrase `The next `Tonight' will be tomorrow night' shares memories of an eventful life with Sue MacGregor|
|Talking To Oneself||20000219||20010407|
|Michael Williams explores the art of the monologue, with illustrations featuring Bransby Williams, Billy Bennett, Robb Wilton, Bernard Miles and Joyce Grenfell.|
Michael Williams explores the art of the monologue with illustrations featuring Bransby Williams, Billy Bennett and Rob Wilton.
|Making Our Own Entertainment||20000226||20010623||With the help of the BBC arcHIVes, comedian Arnold Brown discovers how families spent their leisure time in the days before television.|
Was life really more fun when leisure consisted of parlour games, singing round the piano and listening to the wireless?
|Pronounced Bbc||20000318||20010825||John Humphrys explores the history and politics of received pronunciation.|
In 1926 John Reith, director-general of the BBC, believed that with the advent of mass communication, the BBC was charged with a responsibility to influence the way ENGLISH should be spoken.
The BBC engaged some of the nation's finest minds, including George Bernard Shaw, to consider the best way to speak on the wireless.
|Voices From The Dust Bowl||20000325||20010901||Billy Bragg tells the story of the Oklahoma farmers driven from the Dust Bowl of the Midwest by drought and economic collapse in the 1930s who sought a brighter future in California.|
With the personal accounts of families whose desperation led to one of the greatest migrations on the 20th century.
|Stuff And Nonsense||20000401||20010908||Graeme Garden presents an hour of nonsense - from French medieval poetry to Eddie Izzard - in an attempt to understand what is so funny about not making sense.|
He explores the influence of nonsense poetry, from Dada to `Monty Python'.
With contributions from Jonathan James-Moore, Hugh Haughton and pop music historian Simon Warner.
Featuring arcHIVe recordings of Robert Benchley, Spike Milligan, Ivor Cutler and Stanley Unwin
|Searching For The Light||20000422||Rosemary Hartill presents a Quaker's appreciation of religious programmes over the last 75 years, focusing on the rich vein of religious experience and storytelling.|
From war and peace to business ethics, she explores key religious themes and the arresting, confessional and poignant ways they have been expressed.
|Radio Telescope||20000429||Phil Smith explores first-hand memories of times before the invention of recording.|
He looks at highwaymen, the Charge of the Light Brigade, the Battle of Waterloo and POVERTY in seige-bound PARIS to reveal fleeting glimpses of a world that worked very differently from our own.
|Images Of Belsen||20000513||20010127||Using arcHIVe material never previously broadcast, Jo Glanville tells the story of Belsen concentration camp, going beyond the familiar images of the liberation to reveal its little-known postwar history.|
|Metropolis||20000527||Novelist Paul Bailey takes an autobiographical journey through the BBC sound arcHIVe in celebration of LONDON as documented by the MICROPHONE from 1930 onwards.|
He recalls aspects of the city that have disappeared for ever, such as horse traffic, and considers how the radio has represented the average LONDONer.
|Gielgud - The Acting Blood||20000603||First broadcast of an interview which the late Sir John Gielgud gave in 1995 to John Theocharis interwoven with illustrations from some of Gielgud's historic performances.|
Brilliant, self-critical and light-hearted, Gielgud talks about his childhood, his close acting colleagues, successes and failures, and death.
|The Queen Mother's Radio Days||20000805||20011006||To mark the Queen Mother's 100th birthday and a century of radio, Sue MacGregor presents a selection of memorable moments from the radio arcHIVes.|
Featuring news stories, music and royal occasions from the last 100 years.
|The Paris Files||20000812||20011013||Jon Sopel explores the contents of the files in the BBC's PARIS bureau, revisiting postwar celebrations and retribution and the trial of Marshall Petain, who was found guilty of betraying his country to the Nazis.|
He also looks at historic material from FRANCE's crisis over Algeria, the PARIS riots of 1968, and the development of Concorde and the Channel Tunnel.
|Michael X||20000826||Marcel BERLINs tells the life story of Michael X, one of Britain's most controversial black figures.|
|It's A Crazy World||20001007||Peter White looks back at some of the bizarre `silly season' stories which have appeared on the news in summers gone by.|
|Buchan To Bond||20001014||John Buchan's 1915 novel `The 39 Steps' set in motion the country's love affair with secret agents, gentlemen heroes, cads and bounders.|
Nigel Fountain looks back at peculiarly British thrillers that made their mark on radio, TV and the cinema.
|Chaucer - Tales From The Archive||20001021||Chaucer's `Canterbury Tales', which provide a vivid snapshot of life over 600 years ago, were brought to the attention of the generAl Reader by a radio adaptation of 1946.|
Barrie Rutter introduces extracts from Nevill Coghill's adaptation and finds out why Chaucer still has such appeal.
|George Bernard Shaw||20001104||Fifty years after his death, George Bernard Shaw's complex career is reevaluated by actor Fiona Shaw, with extracts from many of his plays and the recollections of people who knew him.|
|Coventry Blitz||20001111||Charles Wheeler tells the story of the Coventry blitz, 60 years ago, when more than ten hours of continuous bombing destroyed much of the city and marked the beginning of a new phase in the air war.|
With historian Norman Longmate and eyewitness accounts.
|Queen Victoria||20010120||Historian Amanda Foreman examines Victoria's complicated and tumultuous reign, with extracts from interviews with people who knew or met her and with Victoria's own voice as recorded in her letters and diaries - and as captured on an early gramophone cylinder.|
|The Changing Role Of The Gp||20010203||20021214||Using arcHIVe recordings and accounts from both doctors and patients, Dr Graham Easton discovers how doctoring used to be.|
|An Hour In The Huntley Archive||20010210||20021221||Film historian John Huntley provides a guided tour of his remarkable film arcHIVe, located in a Victorian house in North LONDON.|
It contains material from over 100 years of film-making, from rare early footage to some of the best-known British films of the past 50 years.
Huntley also reflects on his career in film, which began in 1939 when he worked as a tea boy at Denham Studios.
|How Jazz Came To Britain||20010224||Veteran BBC man Charles Chilton describes his part in the decision of the BBC in the late 1930s to finally allow jazz regular air time.|
|Madness In Its Place||20010303||Prof Roy Porter explores institutional life in a big psychiatric hospital in the last century: Severalls Hospital in Essex.|
While some recall it as a place of incarceration and cruelty, others found it a place of true asylum, and when it was closed, it meant the loss of the only home some patients had ever known.
|Flea Pits And Dream Palaces||20010310||Jeffrey Richards takes a nostalgic look back at the heyday of British cinema, when, during the 1940s, 32 million cinema tickets were sold each week in Britain.|
|Iron Horses||20010407||20030927||Ivan Howlett recalls the great farming revolution caused by the tractor replacing the horse.|
East Anglian farmworkers, recorded for private and public collections, reflect on 50 years of change, beginning during the agricultural DEPRESSION of the 1920s.
Ivan Howlett recalls the farming era in which the tractor replaced the horse, with the testimony of farm workers in arcHIVe recordings.
|Children's Hour||20010414||20031004||Michael Rosen explores the history of children's radio in the ENGLISH-speaking world, and finds that, for children in both hemispheres, the world stopped at five when their own radio programmes began.|
|Not A Penny Off The Pay, Not A Second On The Day||20010421||20031011||Tony Benn commemorates the 75th anniversary of the 1926 General Strike, the most important industrial conflict in British history.|
The country was divided along class lines, miners said they would rather starve than concede, but for some it was just a game, with volunteers fulfilling boyhood dreams by driving trams, buses and trains.
|Pie In The Skylon||20010428||20031018||To mark the 50th anniversary of the Festival of Britain, Jonathan Glancey celebrates the spirit of the time, explores the ARCHITECTural glories on display in the 1951 exhibition and - with the help of those who built them and those who lived in them - considers their influence and legacy.|
|Stronger Than Sirens||20010512||Humphrey Carpenter tells the story of the vital role that classical music played during World War II.|
For many, it was the first time they had ever heard it, as it was played in air-raid shelters, art galleries and churches, with musicians performing Beethoven and Brahms as bombers flew overhead and sirens sounded.
|Humph At 80||20010519||Graeme Garden presents an arcHIVe celebration of the 80th birthday of legendary jazz musician and `I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue' chairman Humphrey Lyttelton|
|Spies Like Us||20010526||Simon Hoggart tells the story of two of the world's most notorious spies, Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, who defected from Britain on 25th May 1951.|
|The Roaring Boys||20010609||20020713||Ivan Howlett draws on the recorded experience of generations of Lowestoft fishermen to chart the changing fortunes of a port and a way of life.|
|Pit Brow Lasses||20010616||20020720||Author Kay Mellor tells the story of the last female mine-workers in Britain, the pit brow lasses of Lancashire, and explores the roles women have played in mining communities in Britain and abroad.|
/ Author Kay Mellor tells the story of the last female mine-workers in Britain, the pit brow lasses of Lancashire, and explores the roles women have played in mining communities.
|Fred Perry - An Un-english Englishman||20010630||Charles Lambert profiles the multifaceted Fred Perry, the last Englishman to win Wimbledon: a ruthless competitor with a rebellious streak and limitless charm.|
|Ballerina||20010707||Deborah Bull looks behind the stereotype of the ballerina, talking to tomorrow's stars and listening to often rare arcHIVe of great dancers of the past to find out what being a ballerina means to them.|
Featuring recordings of Tamara Karsavina, Alicia Markova, Margot Fonteyn and Lynn Seymour.
|Are You Local?||20010714||Roger Phillips of BBC Radio Merseyside investigates what local means in terms of radio broadcasting, and shows how British stations have provided a unique service to their communities at moments of crisis, tragedy and triumph.|
|Thou Art Awful But I Like Thee||20010721||Tim Brooke-taylor presents a celebration and history of ENGLISH bawdy humour through the ages, ranging from Chaucer and Shakespeare to Benny Hill and the `Carry On' films.|
What do the Bard and Frankie Howerd have in common, and what do they have to say to us about our lives?
|Viking On Mars||20010728||Leo Enright looks at the past, present and future of Martian exploration.|
|From Buchan To Bond||20010804|
|A Caribbean Jerusalem||20010811||Historian Joanna Newman tells the story of the thousands of Jewish refugees who fled to the Caribbean during World War II.|
She hears from West INDIAns who remember their arrival and from the refugees themselves.
|Three Days That Changed The World||20010818||Bridget Kendall, BBC Radio's correspondent in Moscow ten years ago, remembers the sudden overthrow of 70 years of Communism and the death of a superpower as, on August 19th, Moscow Radio announced that President Gorbachev had been taken ill.|
|That'll Never Work On The Wireless||20010825||Sean Street, Britain's first professor of radio, looks at the surprising success of sport, ventriloquism, the visual arts and dance on the radio, and at things that ought to work but are very difficult to pull off, such as sex and death.|
|Gandhi's Mill Tour||20010901||Professor Bhikhu Parekh tells the story of Mahatma Gandhi's 1931 visit to the UK, during which, as well as attending a conference on INDIA's future, he went to Lancashire to meet mill owners and cotton workers whose livelihoods were threatened by the INDIAn boycott of British goods.|
|The Co-op||20010915||Chris Bowlby tells the story of the Co-operative Movement, the great working-class consumer organisation, and its struggle to adapt to the modern world.|
|The Children's Crusaders||20010922||Ian Mcmillan recalls the Children's Newspaper and `Children's Hour' and considers the influence of these arbiters of taste and of the people whose personal crusade they became.|
|Thugs||20010929||Professor Dick Hobbs traces the evolution of the British thug over more than half a century and seeks to understand the motivation of those involved in mindless violence.|
|The Pictures Are Better||20011006||On the 40th anniversary of `In Touch', Peter White draws on the radio arcHIVe to assess how the medium of radio has reflected the experience of blindness across eight decades.|
|Going For Bronze||20011020||Ian Macmillan looks back to the generation of university students who came to higher education on the egalitarian tide of the post-war years.|
|Working On The Lines||20011027||A history of the British railway industry, in which railway workers tell their stories of an efficient system, its successful transition to diesel and its subsequent decline.|
|Sink The Bismarck||20011110||Charles Wheeler with the gripping story of how the pride of the German fleet, the SS Bismarck, was sunk 60 years ago.|
With arcHIVe material and interviews with survivors.
|The Flying Enterprise||20011117||Frank Delaney relives the events of one of the world's first media events, the heroic last stand of Captain Kurt Carlsen as he battled single-handedly to save his damaged vessel.|
|Bookclub Special: Douglas Adams||20011124||In a programme recorded 18 months before his death, author Douglas Adams talks to James Naughtie and readers about his worldwide bestseller `The Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy'.|
|Double Disney||20011201||Russell Davies considers the two sides of Walt Disney - `Uncle Walt', who brought pleasure to millions, and the anti-communist with propagandist ideas for social engineering.|
|Ten Pound Poms||20011208||Prof Alistair Thomson explores the experience of six Britons who emigrated to Australia in the years following World War II as part of a government-subsidised emigration scheme.|
|Dj Culture||20011215||Mark Lamarr tells the story of the DJ, counts down a top ten of the greatest-ever DJs, and gives a history of related themes such as payola, jingles, corny jokes and silly voices.|
|Bing Crosby Meets||20011229||20030524||Ken Barnes explores the story of Bing Crosby's radio career, which began in the 1930s and lasted almost 30 years.|
Featuring extracts from Crosby's shows.
|Fired By The Ring||20020105||20030531||A look at how artists of all kinds have remade Tolkein's epic, with Brian Sibley, Philip Pullman, Peter Jackson, who directed a new trilogy of films, singer Oz Clarke and actors.|
|Silent Voices||20020112||20030607||Jeffrey Richards delves into the arcHIVes for interviews with the stars of the silent movies, who describe the early years of the Hollywood film industry.|
|I'd Know That Voice Anywhere||20020119||20030614||"Alistair Mcgowan explores the link between voice and identity, and analyses the voices of Margaret Thatcher, Richard Burton, and Winston Churchill.|
" / Alistair Mcgowan explores the link between voice and identity.
Among others, he analyses the voices of Margaret Thatcher, Richard Burton, Kenneth Williams and Winston Churchill
|Honest To God||20020126||20030621||Roger Bolton recalls the controversy created in 1963 by the Bishop of Woolwich John Robinson, who dismissed the traditional image of God as a benign old man in heaven.|
|Airports||20020202||20030628||Steve Punt with a history of airports taken from the sound arcHIVe, from a time when Heathrow was a row of tents and plane-spotting was a respectable job for any reporter.|
|Fall Of A Fortress - 1||20020209||20030705||Piers Plowright uncovers the tragic tale of the fall of Singapore to the Japanese.|
Britain's most shameful military disaster, it involved huge loss of life, particularly civilian.
|Fall Of A Fortress - 2||20020216||20030712|
|The Killing Fields||20020223||20030719||A year after the outbreak began, a look back at the effects of foot-and-mouth disease on the country.|
|Daughters Of The Radical Suffragists||20020302||20030726||Historian Jill Liddington tells the stories of the daughters of working class women who fought for the vote at the turn of the 19th century.|
|The Escape Factory||20020309||20030802|
|Stephen Dalziel finds out more about MI9, the World War II secret service responsible for smuggling information and ingenious devices into camps to help prisoners of war escape.|
How Britain's other secret service, MI9, ensured daring escapes of WWII prisoners.
How Britain's other secret service, MI9, ensured daring escapes of Second World War prisoners. With John Stephen Dalziel. From March 2002.
|Listen For Heaven's Sake||20020316||20030809||Gerry Anderson finds out about Vatican Radio, set up by Marconi in 1931 and now transmitting in 40 languages.|
He asks how its journalists deal with sensitive issues.
|Suffer The Little Children||20020330||Adrian Bell traces a story that began in 1937, when a ship carrying 4,000 children, escapees from the Spanish Civil War, docked in Southampton.|
What became of the refugees?
|Preachers Or Partners?||20020406||20031011||Broadcaster and former missionary Colin Morris explores the history of CHRISTIAN missions over the last 100 years.|
|Britain And The Bomb||20020413||Robert Fox chronicles Britain's attempts to live with the age of NUCLEAR weapons of mass destruction.|
|Don't Write, Make A Record||20020420||20150516 (R4+)|
|Alan Dein evokes memories for a generation of vinyl lovers.|
From 1935, it was possible for anyone to walk into an automatic recording booth and make their own gramophone record.
Alan Dein explores how people recorded their own voices on gramophone records.
4 Extra Debut. Alan Dein explores how people recorded their own voices on gramophone records before the age of audio cassette. From April 2002.
|Not For King Or Country||20020427||Social historian Georgina Boyes examines the ways conscientious objectors have been treated during the major wars of the twentieth century.|
|Radio's Lost Property - 1||20020504||20030913||A recent appeal from Broadcasting House has yielded a wealth of illicit radio recordings which have eluded the Sound ArcHIVe.|
Russell Davies finds some magical lost moments.
|Visiting Greatness||20020511||20030816||Michael Alexander recalls his encounters with Ezra Pound, who died 30 years ago, and other great poets of the 20th century.|
|The Management||20020518||20030823||Financial guru Alvin Hall investigates the changing world of management theory on both sides of the Atlantic.|
|Jewels Of The Nile||20020525||20030830||It's more than eighty years since Howard Carter stunned the world with his discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb.|
Now, archaeologist John Romer tells the story of the extraordinary finds in the Valley of the Kings, and describes the influence that 'King Tut' and Ancient Egypt have had upon western culture.
Almost 80 years after Howard Carter's discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb, archaeologist John Romer tells the story of the extraordinary finds in the Valley of the Kings.
|A Day In The Life||20020601||20030906||A montage of local radio programmes across the length and breadth of Britain over a single day, featuring news, magazine programmes, quizzes, weather, travel reports and phone-ins.|
|Thalidomide: 40 Years On||20020608||20030913||Another chance to hear Geoff Adams-Spink tell the moving story of the drug that has been described as ""chemical shrapnel"".|
Disabled by the drug himself, Geoff catches up with the generation of forty-somethings similarly affected, and examines the drug's astonishing rehabilitation in the fight against disease.
|Rhapsody In Red||20020615||20030920||Gerry Kennedy discusses recordings made between the wars by radical socialist composers who wanted their music to play a part in the movement for social change.|
|Out Of Uganda||20020629||20031004||Nand Sall recalls Idi Amin's expulsion of Ugandan Asians 30 years ago and examines how the 30,000 who came to Britain have been integrated into a initially unwelcoming society.|
|Island Of Tears||20020706||20031011||One in four US citizens can trace their ancestry through Ellis Island, the country's main immigration station for sixty years.|
The station's arcHIVes contain some amazing stories.
|A Pinch Of Salt||20020713||20030809||From vitamins to war rations and fad diets, scientists have told us what we should and should not eat.|
Nutritionist Jane Clarke visits the arcHIVes of The Imperial War Museum, The Nutrition Socity and Good Housekeeping magazine, to investigate the history of her profession and how the advice we have been given has changed.
|A Pinch Of Salt||20020713||20031018|
|A Pinch Of Salt||20020713||20030809|
|A Pinch Of Salt||20020713||20031018|
|Southern Journeys||20020727||Folk singer Shirley Collins tells the amazing story of John and Alan Lomax, who recorded and popularised the music of the poor and the dispossessed in the southern UNITED STATES.|
|A Sense Of Place||20020803||Stephen Fry and Laurie Taylor explore the meaning of place, touching on a range of themes from accents to exclusion, tribalism to landmarks.|
|The Glorious Twelfth||20020810||Clare Balding presents the history of the Glorious Twelfth, the most important day of the field sports calendar, marking the opening of the grouse-shooting season.|
|Elvis Lives!||20020817||The Guardian's Richard Williams reappraises hitherto overlooked periods of Elvis Presley's career.|
|Blue Skies And Uncle Sam||20020824||20030809||Sixty years after the first American raid from a British airbase, Ivan Howlett recalls the USAF's contribution to the war in Europe|
Sixty years after the first American raid from a British airbase, Ivan Howlett recalls the USAF's contribution to the war in Europe, and the legacy left behind by American airmen in communities across East Anglia.
|The Cod Wars||20020831||Robert Fox recalls the battles between Britain and Iceland over fishing rights which threatened the entire security of NATO as both sides resorted to gunboat diplomacy.|
|Headlines, Deadlines And Punchlines - The News Quiz Archive||20020907||As the News Quiz celebrates its 25th birthday, Matthew Parris traces the history of one of Radio 4's most successful comedy shows.|
|The Battle Of The Nurses||20020914||Claire Rayner trained as a nurse and midwife after the Second World War.|
As hospitals evolve with the progress of modern technology, the role of the nurse is changing rapidly.
|Clubbin'||20020921||ArcHIVe material about clubbing.|
|This Is Your Life At Fifty||20020928||Barry Cryer tells the story of the TV show `This is your Life' which celebrates its 50th anniversary this month.|
With contributions from former guests and presenter Michael Aspel
|Rabbiting On||20021005||Nick Baker burrows into the warren of time to investigate the rabbit in fiction and the diverse reputations the lovable little creature has acquired.|
|Beautiful But Deadly||20021012||Veteran Hollywood actor Angus Macinnes looks at film femmes fatales, the actresses with the power to dominate the screen, kissing and killing with equal facility.|
|A Day Forever Night||20021019||Humans without light are lost souls.|
Poet Laureate Andrew Motion gathers arcHIVe news reports from radio and TV, recalling people trying to cope with darkness.
|Children Talking||20021026||20040313||One of the most popular radio and tv programmes of the 1960's and 70s was 'Children Talking', presented by the broadcaster Harold Williamson.|
It was the first programme of its kind to take seriously the opinions of children on a range of topics from 'where do babies come from' to 'what do you think of cigarette smokers?' Harold became known as 'the man who talks to children', but he was much more than this - being one of the first journalists to take the newly-invented portable tape recorders out on to the streets to interview 'ordinary people'.
Three years after Harold's death, this ArcHIVe Hour traces his career and the influence he had on other programme-makers.
Presented by Nick Ross
|Heavens Reflect Our Labours||20021102||Martin Wainwright examines how life has changed in the former steel towns where the night sky is no longer illuminated by the glare of the blast furnace.|
|Prisoners Of War - 2||20021109||Tom Fleming tells some of the stories of the many German and Italian Prisoners of War who opted to stay and build lives for themselves in postwar Britain.|
|One For The Boys - The Story Of Brooklands||20021123||20031227||Astley Jones recalls the glory days of Brooklands, the world's first purpose-built motor racing circuit and the birthplace of British aviation|
Astley Jones takes a nostalgic trip to the heyday of Brooklands, the world's first purpose built motor racing circuit and birthplace of British aviation, with a social scene that rivalled Ascot and Henley.
Famous voices from the past include John Cobb and Malcolm Campbell and pioneer aviator A.V.
Roe, and there is also unknown Poppy Slark who spent her wartime nights stitching together the shot up wings of returning Wellington Bombers and Gerry Gleason, boy scout lap scorer in the 1930s.
|Beveridge Inheritance, The||20021130|
|Live From The Grand Ole Opry||20021207||Hank Wangford on the world's longest running radio programme.|
The Grand Ole Opry was pivotal to the development of the multi-billion-dollar industry that country music is today.
|The Freedom Ride||20021214||Phillip Knightley recalls a controversial episode in Australian history.|
In 1965, a group of students set out in a hired bus to expose discrimination against the Aborigines.
|The Monkhouse File||20021227||20021228||Bob Monkhouse guides comedy writer Bob Sinfield through his collection of diaries, letters and memories of comedy greats, as he reflects upon his own career of more than 50 years.|
|Swing At The Bbc||20030104||Alyn Shipton plays musical gems from the BBC arcHIVes which illustrate the development of British jazz during the 1930s and 40s.|
|How Do You Respond To That?||20030111||Nick Clarke traces the history of radio debate, from its stilted beginnings when all discussions were scripted to its most ferocious moments.|
|A Cup Of Tea, A Sticky Bun And An Hour Of Gaybo||20030118||20040110||Fintan O'Toole explores the significance of the controversial and hugely popular Irish radio programme The Gay Byrne Show|
Fintan O'Toole explores the significance of The Gay Byrne Show, the most controversial and most listened to radio show in the history of Irish broadcasting.
Part phone-in, part consumer affairs show, part star vehicle for its legendary presenter, The Gay Byrne Show provided a place where people could talk about almost anything, from divorce to abortion to whether cows give better yields when sung to during milking.
As Fintan O'Toole reveals, though, its revolutionary influence on Irish society was only possible because of the innate conservatism of its presenter, the most famous man in IRELAND, Gay Byrne.
|Great Gale, The||20030125||Ivan Howlett recalls one of the worst natural disasters ever to hit Great Britain.|
The East Coast Floods of January 31, 1953 devastated the coast of East Anglia.
|Life Of Henry Mancini, The||20030201|
|Rebel Hell||20030208||BBC cricket correspondent Jonathan Agnew recalls the furore 21 years ago when an unofficial ENGLISH touring party defied the international sporting embargo to visit South Africa.|
|Liverpool Poets, The||20030215||In 1967, three young poets found fame with the publication of the anthology The Mersey Sound.|
Pete Mccarthy looks at the work of Roger Mcgough, Adrian Henri and Brian Patten
|Big Ear, The||20030222||Leo Enright chronicles the history of the Jodrell Bank radio telescope, a story of financial scandals, political intrigue, RUSSIAn Sputniks and the odd game of cricket.|
|Stalin The Terrible||20030301||20040925||Jim Riordan examines the reign of Joseph Stalin, who ruled the Soviet Union with an iron fist for almost 30 years until his death in 1953.|
Like his predecessor Tsar Ivan, Stalin held on to power with a reign of terror, his purges and his policies destroying thousands of his citizens.
Like other tyrants, he managed to project an image of the 'great teacher' and, when he died in March 1953, the nation went into genuine shock and mourning.
Searching in the BBC and the former Communist arcHIVes, Jim Riordan uncovers the witnesses who experienced Stalin's rule at first hand, and examines how Stalin kept his powerful hold on the USSR over a period of 25 years.
|Wheeler At 80||20030315||On the occasion of his 80th birthday, award-winning journalist Charles Wheeler talks to Jeremy Paxman|
|Drama In The House||20030322||Twenty-five years after MPs allowed the MICROPHONEs in to record their proceedings, Michael White, Political Editor of The Guardian, looks back at the impact of the broadcasting of Parliament on listeners and on Parliament itself, through some of the most significant and electrifying moments from the Palace of Westminster.|
|400 Years On||20030329||Joan Bakewell selects highlights from Elizabethan Echoes, the Radio 4 season marking 400 years since the death of Queen Elizabeth I.|
|Queue, The||20030405||James Maw presents a radio portrait of the queue for the Lying In State of the Queen Mother on the final night before her funeral, a year ago this week.|
The programme draws on James's interviews with people in the queue, plus extracts from the broadcast arcHIVe.
It includes memories and reflections on the event as its first anniversary approaches.
|A Twist To Life||20030412||20040814||In April 1953, the journal Nature reported what was probably the most important scientific discovery of the 20th century - the double helix structure of DNA, the molecule of life.|
The classic breakthrough came to Francis Crick and Jim Watson as the climax to an intellectual race between scientists in Cambridge and LONDON, Britain and the USA.
In an instant it put flesh on the bones of Mendels theories of inheritance and Darwins theory of evolution by natural selection.
But the gene story was only just beginning.
It was destined to transform medicine and agriculture and give birth to whole new areas of research and industry, from GM food to biotechnology.
Professor Steve Jones tells the story of DNA and its discovery against the backdrop of the hopes and fears that it engendered.
He also looks at how the double spiral of DNA has become an icon, on our stamps and coins, commerce and even in our beer.
And he looks at how it has been portrayed in art and music.
The programme includes contributions from Francis Crick and Jim Watson, as well as Maurice Wilkins (who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of DNA), and Ray Gosling and Peter Pauling (who didn't).
|Saint Mugg||20030419||20041016||The irreverent and provocative journalist and broadcaster Malcolm Muggeridge was enormously influential.|
On the centenary of his birth, Miles Kington examines his legacy.
|Living With Oil||20030426||20040918||The triumphs and the tragedies of discovering black gold beneath the North Sea.|
Oral historian, Hugo Manson, from the University of Aberdeen, guides us through his extensive arcHIVe of recorded interviews with people whose lives have in some way been touched by oil.
|Theatre Of The Absurd||20030503||20040717||Martin Esslin, who died in 2002, was the most influential figure in radio drama in the 1960s and 70s.|
As head of BBC Radio Drama for 14 years, he championed the work of Samuel Beckett, Bertolt Brecht, Vaclav Havel and Harold Pinter, bringing previously unheard playwrights to radio and to a wider audience.
Esslin also coined the phrase "theatre of the absurd" in a book of the same name, and made it his mission to champion avant garde theatre.
In this programme, Paul Allen reassesses Martin Esslins work, illustrated with extracts from many of his drama productions, interviews and broadcasts.
|Across The Divide||20030510||Two gentle giants of folk music, both in their late 80s, British born Bob Copper and American protest singer, Pete Seeger come together and ruminate on the similarities and the differences in their lives.|
Folk music and family are fundamental to them both, though their cultural backgrounds are very different.
We hear them in conversation in a specially extended version of an earlier programme recorded in NEW YORK and in performance, and talk to their families about the tradition of folk music that both men have promoted and which their children and grandchildren are handing on to future generations.
|European Volunteer Workers||20030517||Between 1947 and 1949 the British government, desperately short of workers in the essential industries of agriculture, coal mining and textiles, turned to the millions of East Europeans living in Displaced Persons Camps in Germany.|
Nearly 100,000 were brought here as volunteers, and the many who stayed founded the East European Communities of Northern ENGLAND.
In the early 1980s the Bradford Heritage Recording Unit interviewed dozens of Ukrainians, Latvians, Estonians and Yugoslavs about their often difficult early days in Britain.
They are the forgotten immigrants and the interviews they gave then form the basis for this programme.
They speak of how dark and dank Britain seemed, of how they were welcomed by many but also of hostility towards them as aliens from landladies and trade unionists.
Many were professionals and intellectuals, but the only jobs on offer were manual ones.
Debates and newspapers from the time put their memories in the context of a Britain struggling to re-build after the war.
And it reflects the still-vibrant social life of the communities the Volunteer Workers created in West YORKshire.
|Everest: Journey To The Third Pole||20030524||Fifty years ago this week Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest.|
This is the story of the many failed attempts before the successful climb, including the mysterious disappearance of Mallory and Irvine.
Presented by Stephen Venables, the first Briton to climb the mountain without bottled oxygen.
Followed by a News summary.
|Still Room In The Tower||20030531||With those words, the Earl Marshall, in charge of rehearsals for the 1953 Coronation, threatened BBC cameramen with what would happen if they stepped out of line.|
It was a reminder, if any were really needed, that this event presented the BBC with the biggest challenge broadcasting had yet faced.
The story of how the Coronation was brought to the small screen is heavy with anecdotes vividly remembered by those who were there, a story rich in intrigue as Prime Minister Winston Churchill fought the Corporation over the Queen's privacy and royal officials worried away about the broadcasters' intrusions.
The heroes of this story are the engineers and producers who battled against terrible odds to flash pictures the entire length of Britain, pushing their technical knowledge to the limits, daring even to bounce pictures to Europe with equipment and techniques which these days appear as antique as the penny farthing cycle.
Some producers, engineers, cameraman and sound mixers who engineered the coverage are still alive.
The memories of others are enshrined in sound arcHIVe.
This is their story.
With the help of the BBC arcHIVe, and freshly gathered material from those who were there on the day, this programme provides glimpses behind the scenes, and paints a picture of a youthful television service about to grow into adulthood.
|Tonight||20030607||In 1957 television news was short and serious.|
Then along came a phenomenon which changed all that forever - Tonight, hosted by Cliff Michelmore.
Combining filmed reports, outside broadcasts, studio interviews and performances it covered a breathtaking range of subjects, from comedy stories about the street in Hexham with randomly numbered doors to items about racial discrimination in Britain.
In a single programme you might have seen Cliff Michelmore running in terror from a snake, Alan Whicker speed-walking, Duke Ellington playing live and Kenneth Williams confessing the problems he had SLEEPing.
Reporters like Fyfe Robertson became national institutions, admired and mimicked in equal measure.
Tonight created its own traditions, like the topical calypso with lyrics by Bernard Levin.
The programme was live and raw film breakdowns and cock-ups only added to its excitement and charm.
It regularly attracted an audience of 7 million households a night, about 80% of the television set owning public at the time.
When Julian Pettifer arrived at the show in 1962, he joined an incredibly talented team: Jack Gold would go on direct films like The Naked Civil Servant and series like Morse and Kavanagh QC; John Schlesinger would go to Hollywood and become a director of acclaimed films like Midnight Cowboy and Marathon Man.
Anthony Jay would create Yes Minister and Alistair Milne would become Director General of the BBC.
Julian Pettifer offers an affectionate portrait of Tonight, combining arcHIVe from the 130 vintage editions in the BBC library with his own memories of the time and interviews with some of those involved in creating one of the most fondly remembered television shows.
|Blacklegs In White Shorts||20030621||Thirty years ago the greatest tennis tournament on earth was the object of the unthinkable, a strike by nearly all the great male players of the day.|
Arthur Ashe, John Newcombe, Ken Rosewall and Stan Smith all stayed away.
With interviews from those who were there, as well as those who weren't, Eleanor Oldroyd looks back at what lead to the strike, at how Wimbledon coped minus it's big stars - and at what the boycott actually achieved.
|How True?||20030628||At the end of the 19th century, sound recording gave the world a new resource of immense historical importance; the evidence of authentic witness - or did it? The BBC has a handful of recordings of Gladstone, but each is strangely different.|
Oscar Wilde, Queen Victoria and Henry Irving are all in the arcHIVe, but are these recordings actually them? Sean Street, Professor of Radio at Bournemouth University, investigates these distant voices - and some more recent such as Churchill's - revealing how true they are, how we know and if it matters anyway.
He questions too if, in our increasingly virtual world, authenticity is possible at all.
|The Stay At Home Soldiers||20030705||Military historian Colonel John Hughes-Wilson presents the story of the men and women who served in the Home Guard during the Second World War.|
|The Story Of Township Music||20030712||20050625||The discovery of gold in what is now JOHANNESBURG created riches beyond the dreams of the white owners, and a migrant native African population which was welcomed for one reason and one reason only - they were cheap and expendable.|
The Story Of Township Music The segregation laws (formalised in 1948 as Apartheid) led to a vibrant and separate social and music life to combat the misery and horrendous living conditions that the Black workers faced.
The illegal drinking houses - the shebeens - bred a new music, Marabi, which became the foundation for much music to follow.
JOHANNESBURG-based journalist Ofeibea Quist-Arcton looks at how music thrived in the years of despair during events like the Sharpeville massacre, the Bantu Education Act, the Soweto Riots of 1976 and eventually, the fall of Apartheid.
|Questions Across The Pond:||20030719||Jonathan Dimbleby compares the early 1950s in the US and the UK by listening to two radio debate programmes of the time.|
|Classical Music And Socialism||20030726||seem unlikely bedfellows now.|
But between the wars, radical composers in Britain felt that the more complex sentiments of 'high brow' music should play an important part in the movement for social change.
Gerry Kennedy revisits recordings from an age when music for the workers could be a serious business, and collects interviews with those who remember making it.
|Lance Corporal Baronowski's Vietnam||20030802||20050226||This edition of The ArcHIVe Hour tells the story of one US Marine's Vietnam through a combination of the tapes he made to send home and the memories of his family and fellow marines.|
The name of Lance Corporal Mike Baronowski, from Norristown Pennsylvania, is just one of the thousands on the Vietnam Memorial wall in Washington, DC.
He was a Marine killed in action on 29 November 1966.
However, Mike Baronowski left behind not just memories but an extraordinary legacy of recordings.
His tapes, sent home to family and friends, were more than audio letters.
As well as giving the expected reassurances of his welfare, they contain vivid reflections and often comic commentaries on his battle-field environment and experiences.
On board ship between tours 'in country', he contemplates why it is he feels he belongs in Vietnam; from his fighting hole, he describes a battle as it begins to unfold just yards from his position; and then in quiet moments he performs spoof recruitment ads and sketches that bitingly point up the absurdity of the soldier's lot.
These tapes were left to collect dust on top of a cupboard for thirty-odd years, but now with the help of two Marine comrades and Mike's brother and sister The ArcHIVe Hour can reveal the life of a young man far from home and the pain of a death which is still felt today.
Lance Corporal Mike Baronowski was killed in action in Vietnam on 29 November 1966.
He left behind an extraordinary legacy of recordings which he had sent home to family and friends, containing vivid and often comic reflections on his war experiences.
In this award-winning programme the story of his life and death is told through the tapes, which were left to collect dust on top of a cupboard for thirty-odd years, and from the differing perspectives of two Marine comrades and Baronowski's own brother and sister.
|In Town Last Night||20030816||By any standards, BBC Radio's In Town Tonight was a successful programme.|
It ran for 27 years, notched up over 1000 editions, and at its height had an audience of twenty million.
Even today, its theme tune and trademark opening, staged at Picadilly Circus, are recalled by many with affection.
For this ArcHIVe Hour, David Hatch goes further than merely indulging in a little light nostalgia.
With the help of radio experts Paul Donovan and Sean Street, the entertainer Bruce Forsyth, and members of the public who were personally involved with the programme, he explores the role which it played in loosening up the solemn image of the BBC, and considers its longer term legacy to both radio and television.
|I Have A Dream||20030823||On the 40th anniversary of Martin Luther King's 'I have a dream' speech the ArcHIVe Hour reflects upon King's life, career and legacy.|
|The Crowning Summer||20030830||The summer of '53 was a glorious time for British sports lovers.|
The Coronation of the young Queen heralded the dawning of a new era and the world of sport responded triumphantly.
At last long-held sporting dreams came true.
Between May and August Stanley Matthews won an FA Cup Winners medal, Gordon Richards rode his first and only Derby winner and Len Hutton led ENGLAND to victory in the Ashes.
Among those recalling that golden summer of British sport are Tom Graveney, Peter Alliss, Trevor Bailey, Sir Celement Freud, Lord John Oaksey, Bill Perry and Harold Hassell.
|Twice Nightly||20030906||20150530 (R4+)|
|For many years Variety, with its ebullient stars, singers, comedians, chorus girls and novelty acts was the lifeblood of British live entertainment.|
Veteran variety star Stan Stennett recreates the heyday of the British variety theatre, revisiting some of its greatest moments and its most enduring stars, and recalls the shared triumphs and tribulations of a profession whose performers trod the boards twice nightly in theatres, halls and piers from one end of the country to the other.
Researched and written by Roger Stennett
Stan Stennett recreates the British variety theatre's heyday.
4 Extra Debut. Stan Stennett recreates the British variety theatre's heyday, revisiting its greatest moments and enduring stars. From December 2001.
|Listening To The War - The Birth Of Bbc Monitoring||20030920||20030802||Lesley Chamberlain explores the origins and birth of the BBC's monitoring service based on the rich arcHIVe of documentary materials, concentrating on the remarkable personal stories of those who listened.|
Featuring interviews with ex-monitors Sir Ernst Gombrich, Professor of Art History, author of 'The Story of Art', Vladimir Rubinstein, broadcaster and political analyst, Lord George Weidenfeld, publisher, Ewald Osers, translator and BBC arcHIVes of wartime broadcasts.
With the outbreak of war, the BBC hastily set up a Monitoring Service to listen to domestic radio broadcasts in Germany and RUSSIA.
It was realised that radio as never before was a vital tool in understanding the enemy's strategy and movements.
Oliver Whitley, a bright BBC recruit, duly commandeered a double-decker bus to take a skeleton team to a secret location - a country house near Evesham owned by a Mrs Smith.
The human situation in particular was a triumph of duty over personal anxiety.
Many of this first team had fled from Hitler so listening to crackly reports of explosions, troop movements and speeches by the Fuhrer certainly was an unenviable task.
Rapidly the service became indispensable, producing huge digests of news for LONDON every day, and an expanded typing pool.
What the team had to offset their gloom is the unexpected camaraderie of life at Mrs Smith's: the make-do technology (earphones with leads long enough for them to play table-tennis on the floor below), fruit and vegetables from the Vale of Evesham, snow, bicycles, strange billets in surrounding villages, friendship and love.
Thus when the BBC decided to move Monitoring to another location they were in uproar!.
|Blue Skies And Uncle Sam||20030927||20030809|
|Music Hall Reclaimed||20031004||20030816|
|Barry Cryer takes a look at the cottage industry of Music-Hall recording restoration, as well as the lives and works of some of its stars.|
Thanks to modern computer technology we are, for the first time on Radio, able to hear some of the rarer works of artists such as Mark Sheridan, Ernest Shand, Vesta Victoria and Albert Chevalier who originally recorded this material at the turn of the century.
Barry Cryer hears how recordings are restored so that music hall stars can be heard again.
Barry Cryer hears how recordings have been restored so that the work of music hall stars can be heard once again.
|Miller On Mike||20031011||20030823||Even before he wrote his great stage plays, Death Of A Salesman and The Crucible, Arthur Miller's work was known to millions.|
To pay the rent in the 1940s he wrote for The Cavalcade Of America, a series of weekly radio plays for stars such as Orson Welles, Joan Fontaine and Charles Laughton, broadcast live with a full orchestra to a vast audience.
Sitting on the porch at his home in Connecticut Arthur Millers revisits his earliest success with his biographer, Christopher Bigsby, who has tracked down recordings of these plays.
Miller also talks about being an interviewer and listens again to extraordinary recordings he made in North Carolina, talking an elderly Southern belle, to union leaders and black women shirtmakers on strike.
They sing protest songs based on hymns and Miller can't resist joining in.
|Jewels Of The Nile||20031018||20030830|
|This Is The White House Calling||20031025||20030906||John F Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon all insisted on taping their presidential telephone calls.|
Stephen Sackur indulges in some eavesdropping and gains an insight into the minds of presidents.
Little did they know that highly personal telephone calls and incriminating evidence would also be recorded for the world to hear.
|Radio's Lost Property - 2||20031101||20030913||A further visit to the unopened packages and previously unplayable discs that have recently deluged the sound arcHIVe from collectors across the country.|
Radio 4's first dip into the treasure chest was a big hit.
But it only skimmed the surface.
This second collection offers both fascinating new material and a particular opportunity to enjoy more of some of the gems of radio comedy (and at greater length).
For example three full lost Hancocks have now turned up.
And an incredible horde of BBC wartime broadcasts recorded and arcHIVed by a collector in America give an opportunity as rarely ever before to hear complete current affairs programmes (Radio Newsreel) from the era.
There is also the long and intriguing saga of what happened after Dad's Army.
It Sticks Out Half A Mile was a strange 'son of' Dad's Army on radio, that never made it past a few editions as firstly Arthur Lowe, and then John Le Mesurier died.
The early tapes, though admittedly creaky in places, show the story 'after they were famous', an episode of British comedy history that hasn't before been told.
|St Dunstan's||20031108||20030920||The history of St Dunstan's, established in 1915 to support military personnel who had lost their sight in battle.|
Almost a century later, St Dunstan's still helps the blind.
|Priestly On Air||20031115||20030927||Essayist, playwright, bestselling author and broadcaster, JB Priestley was one of the foremost literary stars of 20th-century Britain.|
Alan Plater re-examines his life and legacy.
|Something Is Terribly Wrong||20031122||20031004||Alan Thompson examines the archive of KLIF, the radio station everybody was tuned to on the day of JFK's assassination, and talks to the people of Dallas who witnessed the events.|
|Preachers Or Partners?||20031129||20031011|
|A Roof Over Our Heads||20031206||20031018||Fiona Ross traces the role of women in GLASGOW's council housing, from those who fought the factors in the 1915 Rent Strikes, to those in the vanguard of change today.|
|Working The Cut||20031213||20031025||Britain's canals, now part of the leisure industry, were once a vital national artery carrying goods from industrial centres all round the country.|
This was the work of the boat people, many of whom lived with their families aboard their moving workplace.
Over the centuries they became almost a separate culture.
Ivan Howlett tells the story of people who lived a life of almost non-stop toil - a proud people who, with canal water in their veins, spent their lives 'Working The Cut'.
|Divine Comedy||20031220||20031101||An intelligent contemporary analysis of the contentious relationship between comedy and religion.|
Drawing on arcHIVe material from radio, television and film Richard Holloway, the former Bishop of Edinburgh, makes a considered and forthright exploration of how religion has been portrayed in comedy over the past 50 years.
It's a journey which takes us from the BBC's 1948 guide to Broadcasting Taste which forbade even the use of Adam and Eve jokes through the stormy 1970s when both Billy Connolly and Monty Python caused outrage with their religious satire through to the contemporary comedy scene and questions of comedy and Islam.
|Old Year's Night||20031227||20031108||Towards the end of every year, people head north of the border for Hogmanay.|
James Naughtie investigates the traditions behind this peculiarly Scottish celebration.
|Ambridge In The Decade Of Love||20040103||20031115||Recently, when clearing a dusty radio storeroom in LONDON, staff uncovered a stack of unprepossessing brown cardboard boxes of BBC LPs labelled simply "The Archers".|
They turned out to be 2,670 episodes - hitherto believed lost - of the legendary serial from forty years ago, when Shula and Kenton were babies and Jennifer was a tempestuous teenager.
Now Ambridge's adventures in the sexy, song-filled Sixties can be dusted off and restored for all to hear.
Richard Stilgoe opens the lid on this Archers treasure-chest.
|The Shanghai Sailors||20040110||20031122||Ivan Howlett tells the story of the Chinese merchant seamen from Shanghai who worked out of LIVERPOOL during the Second World War.|
Several thousand Chinese served in British ships based in LIVERPOOL.
When ashore they lived in boarding houses in the rapidly expanding CHINAtown area.
The city itself, had a long history of using Chinese workers and gradually LIVERPOOL's CHINAtown became established as the largest in Europe.
The Chinese sailors played an important role in the British merchant fleet which brought essential supplies to Britain under siege.
Then, after the war had ended, and without warning, thousands were forcibly repatriated - even those who were married and had families.
In 1945 thousands of Chinese were rounded up and taken to the docks where ships had been specially fitted out for the purpose of taking these Chinese back home.
Over a two night period in May 1946, as many Chinese as possible were taken.
Some of the Chinese men were married to ENGLISH women who were left behind, not knowing what had happened.
Many faced years of hardship as they struggled to come to terms with what had happened, most never seeing their partners again.
Writer and broadcaster Ivan Howlett investigates what happened, how the decision to move these men was taken and why, and how the operation was carried out.
He talks to the children of those Chinese sailors who have been trying to find out what happened to the fathers who worked during the war on the Blue Funnel Line.
|Connecting The Nation||20040117||20031129||This programme tells the story of how the Post Office has wielded its influence as society has changed round it.|
The documentary has gained exclusive access to films made by the GPO in the 1930s and 1940s.
This unique arcHIVe is set alongside the BBC's own extensive radio extracts on the Post Office which includes how everyone from the Goons to HG Wells had a view on the role of the Post Office; how the men delivering the post evolved from military recruits to trade unionists; how women were employed as everything from professional faultfinders, community spies in rural post offices to connectors of baffled new subscribers in their film roles as telephone fairies! Chris Bowlby tells the story of the postal service, with its famous universal postage rate, as something which did more in practical ways to unite the country than all kinds of political initiatives, as postal deliveries were almost the only links between the great cities and the remotest of rural areas.
The programme will reflect too on the role of the post office as local window onto state administration, the postmaster and postmistress as figures of stature, centres of intelligence about what everyone was up to and how everyone lived, until their roles declined in the face of suburbanisation, more fragmented communities, less deference.
Underlying it all will be a sense of how the way we communicate with each other has changed, between town and country, family and state, through the extremes of wartime to the rise of consumer society, from the age of letters and telegrams to the instantaneous - but highly anonymous - world of computer links, with the Post Office always sitting at the centre.
|Refuge From Tyranny||20040124||20031206||Anticipating Holocaust Memorial Day on January 27th, Tony Kushner looks back at the experiences of Jewish refugees from Nazi persecution in Germany and Austria who managed to escape to Britain in the 1930s.|
Refugees who had somehow survived the horrors of an antisemitic regime faced further difficulties when they got here - having to find work (often, as domestic servants) and frequently having to face internment as enemy aliens.
Many surviving refugees have been interviewed as part of a project at MANCHESTER University, where a unique arcHIVe is accumulating, to which this programme has had exclusive access.
|Motortowns||20040131||20031213||Sarfraz Manzoor looks at how car manufacturing has shaped towns and communities such as Luton, Dagenham, Longbridge and Cowley.|
The son of a Vauxhall car worker, Sarfraz tells the stories of the men and women who worked in the motor industry and goes back to the closed down car plant in Luton where his father worked for 15 years.
Motortowns delves into more than 70 years of arcHIVe and local oral history recordings to chart the changing fortunes of communities such as Longbridge, Cowley and Halewood, and the massive Dagenham estate.
In 1929, Henry Ford sited the largest car factory in Europe on vast marshes stretching alongside the Thames.
It was the vanguard of a bright new future, which has since been dimmed by a history of industrial unrest, overseas competition, plant closure and unemployment.
|America's Barefoot Refugees||20040207||20031220||In the 1930s, thousands of American farmers fled the drought-ridden and DEPRESSION-ravaged homelands of Oklahoma and Arkansas to what they hoped was the Eldorado of California.|
What they found when they got there was exploitation and more misery, memorably chronicled by John Steinbeck in his Grapes Of Wrath.
Two young academics recorded on disk the stories and music of these all-American refugees, and in this programme we hear these first hand accounts of what has become part of America's own mythology.
|One For The Boys - The Story Of Brooklands||20040214||20031227||Astley Jones takes a nostalgic trip to the heyday of Brooklands, the world's first purpose built motor racing circuit and birthplace of British aviation, with a social scene that rivalled Ascot and Henley.|
Famous voices from the past include John Cobb and Malcolm Campbell and pioneer aviator A.V.
Roe, and there is also unknown Poppy Slark who spent her wartime nights stitching together the shot up wings of returning Wellington Bombers and Gerry Gleason, boy scout lap scorer in the 1930s.
|Charles Chilton||20040221||20040103||Russell Davies looks at the career of Charles Chilton, possibly the most famous Radio producer ever.|
The man who captured the radio world's imagination with his legendary series Journey into Space.
Chilton was a working class orphan from King's Cross who joined a youthful BBC and found his life transformed.
Charles Chilton is posssibly the most famous radio producer ever - the man who captured the radio world's imagination with his legendary series Journey Into Space.
Russell Davies rides the range with one of the BBC's most maverick talents.
|A Cup Of Tea, A Sticky Bun And An Hour Of Gaybo||20040228||20040110|
|The Polio Years||20040306||20040117||Fifty years ago a vaccination programme began which is estimated to have prevented more than 2 million cases of polio.|
Peter Preston, former Guardian Editor and polio survivor, tells the story of the development of the vaccine and the subsequent inoculation programme; but also reveals how those who missed out then are now experiencing post-polio syndrome.
This syndrome presents a whole range of new symptoms, including joint pain, muscle weakness, fatigue and breathing problems.
|The Island Race||20040320||This year the Isle of Man TT Races celebrate their centenary, and to mark it former BBC Motor Racing commentator Murray Walker takes a personal look at this unique event.|
For two weeks every year the Island's character completely changes from its normal serene self into a vivid festival of noise, colour and speed.
Walker who first went to the TT's as a two year old examines the history of the race, how it evolved and how the Island copes with the yearly influx of leather clad visitors.
The story of 'The Island Race' is told through interviews with TT legends and arcHIVe from the past 100 glorious years.
|Frogs And Rosbifs||20040327||What did Edward VII get up to in PARIS? Why was the Mademoiselle of Armentiers the heroine of the First World War trenches? And why did a French singer want to turn Margaret Thatcher into a lamp-post? To celebrate the centenary of the Entente Cordiale, Frogs and Rosbifs explores the ways in which the French and the British have seen each other through 100 years of film, drama, comedy and song from the music hall to the French rap scene of today.|
In this action packed ArcHIVe Hour, Antoine de Caunes, known on this side of the Channel as the high libido host of Euro Trash, provides his own personal insights into the notorious French Connection UK.
Through a century of popular culture he explores how rivalry, suspicion, admiration and of course mockery are key elements of one of the world's longest lasting alliances.
|All In The Name Of Power||20040410||Colin Bell looks at the way that lives and communities have been shaped by the energy industries.|
From the moving to the funny, from the sad to the shocking, this programme illustrates the true cost of turning on an electric light.
|And Grandma In The Back Seat||20040417||Matthew Parris, political sketch writer and Morris Minor enthusiast, dips into the arcHIVes in search of the golden days of family motoring.|
He finds a long-gone world - despised by hi-spec four-wheel drive worshippers - of winding but empty roads, leather upholstery and saluting AA men - from a time where owning an Austin Seven meant you were really someone.
|I Too Am America||20040424||Acclaimed writer Caryl Phillips uses startling new evidence from a huge slave burial site discovered in NEW YORK City to expose the extent of slavery in both the Northern and Southern parts of the UNITED STATES.|
The human remains discovered during routine building work in Manhattan explode the idea of slavery as a largely "Southern" phenomenon.
This ArcHIVe Hour also draws on oral arcHIVe of the last people to be born into slavery in the American South and contrasts their experiences with surprising new detail about the lives of their Northern counterparts.
|Rowley's Heath||20040501||For nearly four centuries Newmarket has been the capital and true home of horse racing.|
King Charles II - 'Old Rowley' built a palace there.
Only in Newmarket are their traffic lights for horses, a preponderance of jockey-sized people and all town planning has first to suit the needs of horses.
On and around possibly the largest stretch of tended grass in the world is based a sporting industry.
Ivan Howlett dips into the arcHIVes to recall the great days of Newmarket, the headquarters of racing.
|Gqt - A Hardy Perenial||20040508||Gardeners' Question Time is one of the 'crown jewels' of Radio 4.|
For many of the network's listeners the weekend would not be the same without GQT joining the family for Sunday lunch
For more than 50 years now the programme has toured the UK dispensing horticultural wit and wisdom.
In this edition of The ArcHIVe Hour, an updated repeat of a programme first broadcast in 2000, Eric Robson looks back over more than half a century of gardening advice.
The programme chronicles not only the change in our gardens but in our society.
It took 30 years for a woman to be accepted on the panel - today some editions of the programme feature an all female team of experts and, more recently, GQT has even been chaired by women.
What would Fred Loades, Bill Sowerbutts and Professor Alan Gemmel have made of that?
From humble beginnings in a suburb of MANCHESTER to a national institution - the story of Gardeners' Question Time, a Hardy Perennial.
|Weird Science||20040515||20051001||The award-winning science fiction author, Brian Aldiss, examines the social history of science fiction on the radio and asks: Does science fiction hold a mirror up to progress? In an archive hour replete with radio drama, satire, commercials and music, we'll also hear the news and debate from which the sci-fi series sprang.|
|Emergency In The Jungle - The Story Of A Forgotten War||20040522||In June 1948, a group of Chinese Communists walked into the office of a remote rubber plantation in Malaya and shot dead the British manager.|
It sparked off a war which lasted twelve years and cost many thousands of lives.
The award-winning feature maker Piers Plowright, tells the story of the Malayan Emergency through the memories of the Communists, the locals and the British.
He also tells his own story: as a young national serviceman he took part in the battle against Chinese Communist guerrillas in the jungles of Malaya.
In this, his first return trip there, Piers confronts his past and finds out how local people, as well as former British servicemen, look back on this dramatic time.
|Out Of The Ashes||20040529||Thirty five years ago a disastrous fire gutted the Snape Maltings, the Aldeburgh Festival's main concert Hall.|
Out of the Ashes tells how one of Britain's greatest international artistic ventures overcame setback and became a living monument to the composer, Benjamin Britten.
Out of the ashes of both war and fire a SLEEPy former fishing village in Suffolk was to become one of the Europe's musical powerhouses.
Ivan Howlett dips into the ArcHIVes to tell the Aldeburgh story.
Written and presented by Ivan Howlett
|Z Is For Zapple||20040612||Launched in February 1969, Zapple was the spoken-word division of The Beatles' Apple Records, intended to '...pioneer a new area for the recording industry equivalent to what the paperback revolution did to book publishing.'|
Label manager Barry Miles travelled across America recording such counter-culture heroes as Allen Ginsberg, Charles Bukowski and Lawrence Ferlinghetti for the first batch of Zapple releases, while back home John Lennon and George Harrison were recording their own work for the label.
But with the demise of The Beatles, Zapple folded and many of these recordings have remained unheard.
In unearthing his arcHIVe for the first time, Barry Miles tells the story of the Zapple experience, and gives an insider's account of life at the centre of The Beatles' crumbling empire.
|New Town Voices||20040619||Made famous by concrete cows, experimental ARCHITECTure and a proliferation of roundabouts, MILTON KEYNES is often the butt of jokes.|
But a unique arcHIVe that charts the rise of the last New Town built tells a different story.
In New Town Voices, Jonathan Glancey - ARCHITECTural correspondent for the Guardian - looks back at its history through the voices of its residents and assesses the towns impact on planning, ARCHITECTure and the British psyche.
|Summers Of Mud And Madness||20040626||20050523||It's GLASTONBURY weekend, and Annie Nightingale conducts a guided tour of the Great British Pop Festival, from its decorous beginnings to its wildest excesses.|
|Building On Hope Street||20040703||20050430||Marking the centenary of one of the 20th century's most ambitious building projects - creating LIVERPOOL's Anglican Cathedral.LIVERPOOL resident Charlie Lambert uses the centenary of the Cathedral which dominates his sky line to tell the remarkable story of its creation on Hope Street.|
It took 75 years to complete, contained the world's biggest organ and dwarfed any other cathedral in the UK.
It was also built using techniques and styles from centuries before.
The programme hears arcHIVe recordings of the ARCHITECT - Giles Gilbert Scott and fresh interviews with the people who worked all their lives on building Scott's design.
It also charts the role the building has played in the life of LIVERPOOL - helping to mark tragedies such as Hillsboro' and Heysel and working together with the Catholic Cathedral at the other end of Hope St.
|20040710||Two gentle giants of folk music - the late British born Bob Copper and American protest singer, Pete Seeger come together in this programme and ruminate on the similarities and the differences that have affected their lives.|
Folk music and family have been fundamental to them both, though their cultural backgrounds are very different.
We hear them in conversation and in performance and we talk to their families about the tradition of folk music that both men have promoted and which their children and grandchildren are handing on to future generations.
|A Cumberland Odyssey||20040724||A box of 78s left forgotten in CARLISLE's Records office for three decades, leads Mike Harding on a journey re-tracing the story of two friends on a mission to preserve the traditional songs of Cumberland, threatened with extinction in the rapidly changing post-war world.|
Cycling round the county on sketching trips in the 1950s, Robert Forrester and Norman Alford discovered a group of 'good old boys' singing traditional songs in the pubs and, realising the heritage that stood to be lost, decided to record them for posterity.
The songs and stories on those 78s bring back to life the days of flagstone floors, oil lamps and oak settles and of the way of life of farmers, fishermen and hunstmen who grew up in the early twentieth century.
The sons and daughters of the singers also talk about their memories of growing up in Cumbria fifty years ago.
A Cumberland Odyssey
|Free Radio - Pacifica||20040731||Since 1949 Pacifica Radio has been a unique voice of dissent, an arena for protest and a space to imagine an alternative American dream.|
Raided by the FBI, blown up by the Klu Klux Klan and frequently torn apart by internal troubles, Pacifica has both reported and reacted to the major social upheavals of American life and liberty.
Mike Marqusee pieces together an epic arcHIVal history of radical American radio.
|Salvaging Jack Hylton||20040807||Britain's most famous bandleader of the 1920s and 30s, Bolton-born Jack Hylton, left an extensive arcHIVe of tapes, photographs, musical scores and arrangements, after his death in 1965.|
In reappraising Hylton's career, Jeffrey Richards visited the Hylton arcHIVe, now housed at Lancaster University, where neglected and forgotten musical gems by the Hylton band are now being rescued from obsolete home-made tapes.
|When The Oval Was Ours||20040821||Broadcaster and writer Mike Phillips unlocks the hidden story of migration and settlement behind the cricket commentaries of the West Indies glory years of the 1970s and 80s.|
Under Clive Lloyd, the Windies dominated world cricket for over a decade and their fans, Mike among them, made the Kennington Oval in south LONDON a home from home for their team.
|The Liverpool Poets||20040828||20150418 (R4+)|
|Pete Mccarthy examines the work of Roger Mcgough, Brian Patten and Adrian Henri.|
In 1967, three young poets found fame and popularity with the publication of the anthology The Mersey Sound. Pete Mccarthy looks at the work of Roger Mcgough, Adrian Henri and Brian Patten. Contributors include artist and critic George Melly, musician Andy Roberts and writer Phil Bowen. From February 2003.
In 1967 three young poets found fame as well as enduring popularity with the publication of the Penguin modern poets collection, The Mersey Sound.
Pete Mccarthy takes stock of the work of Roger Mcgough, Brian Patten and Adrian Henri, as writers, performers and broadcasters.
With contributions from critic, George Melly, musician, Andy Roberts, and writer Phil Bowen.
|Red Runs The Vistula||20040904||In August 1944, armed with just a few guns and petrol bombs, the people of Warsaw rose up against the Germans.|
The cost - a quarter of a million Poles dead.
Rula Lenska re-lives the uprising through the eyes of the few remaining survivors, including a German soldier.
The programme includes rare arcHIVe from Poland, Britain, America and New Zealand.
|Where They Go, We Go||20040911||Michael Aspel pays tribute to 60-years of British Forces Broadcasting Service.|
Worldwide, BFBS has broadcast to over 200 million listeners in 20 different countries.
|Battling With Weather||20041023||Ever since the BBC began broadcasting regular weather bulletins over 80 years ago, meteorologists have become instrumental in how we live our lives.|
As national obsessions go, weather probably outdoes gardening, football and train timetables as Britain's specialist subject.
The BBC Weather Centre's lead presenter, Helen Young examines the wealth of BBC weather forecasting arcHIVe on radio and TV, charting the highs, lows, troughs and affronts, of both accurate prediction and engaging presentation.
|The Life Of Henry Mancini||20041030||Conductor and composer Carl Davis looks at the private arcHIVe of one of America's most remarkable composers.|
The Life of Henry Mancini: Conductor and composer Carl Davis looks at the private arcHIVe of one of America's most remarkable composers.
|A Gallery Of Voices||20041106||Verity Sharp acts as guide through an exhibition of recordings from the Tate's own audio arcHIVe at the Hyman Kreitman Research Centre.|
Featuring Laurie Anderson talking about art and commerce in O Superman, Gilbert and George in their first ever public interview in LONDON, Barbara Hepworth remembering her move to St Ives, JG Ballard on his passion for surrealism, and part of Yoko Ono's 1962 sound art work, Cough Piece.
|A Shoddy Business||20041113||Rony Robinson travels to Batley, in West YORKshire, to unweave the story of 'Shoddy' - the process of ripping apart old clothes and re-spinning the fibres to create new cloth.|
This revolutionary idea was devised in the town by local man Benjamin Law but now almost all the mills have closed and 'Shoddy' is no longer produced - we've learnt to recycle in other ways.
But by delving into a local oral history arcHIVe, and walking around the town with local historian Malcolm Haigh, Rony Robinson recalls when 'Shoddy' played a major part in the industrial and social revolutions.
It produced affordable new suits for the working man, it clothed the armies of the world and it even introduced a new word to the ENGLISH language.
|A Concert Hall In The Sky||20041120||The story of the love affair between some of the world's greatest composers and a radical new medium: radio in the 1920s and 30s.|
Inspired by the opportunity to break free from the confines of the concert hall, an exciting era of composition and musical arrangement for radio was born.
Among the first to embrace the infinite possibilities were Benjamin Britten, Kurt Weill and Aaron Copland.
Humphrey Carpenter replays music invented for the airwaves...
and looks at the innovative ideas and the colourful people behind it.
|150 Years Of Winning The Vc||20041127||Sir Peter de la Billiere, the commander of British forces in the first Gulf War, tells the story of the Victoria Cross and explores the nature of courage.|
The VC was awarded for the first time in 1854 as a direct result of the Crimean War.
Prior to that conflict, medals for bravery were awarded only to officers, while ordinary soldiers - if they were lucky - might be mentioned in dispatches.
To enable her to honour the courage of all fighting men, regardless of rank, Queen Victoria gave permission for a medal to be instituted, for 'a signal act of valour in the presence of the enemy'.
But what is this thing called courage? Peter de la Billiere explores the meaning of courage and reveals that it is not a limitless resource, to be exploited whenever it is needed by the individual, but must instead be nurtured and 'banked' against future demands.
|Clydebuilt Comics||20041204||The Clyde dockyards produced not only world-class ships, but first-rate comics.|
Nicholas Parsons, former Clydeside apprentice, reveals how the humour developed in the ship yards launched the careers of some of Scotland's most enduring comic talent.
|The Hills Are Alive||20041211||To commemorate the fortieth anniversary of Julie Andrews' starring role in the screen version of The Sound of Music, Mark Kermode looks back at the evolution of the movie.|
Along with the music, the programme includes interviews with the original Maria Von Trapp, plus Julie Andrews, Christopher Plummer, director Robert Wise, and other members of the crew and cast.
|Transplantation||20041218||To celebrate the 50 year anniversary of the first kidney transplant, Dr Graham Easton traces the successes and failures of five decades of organ transplantation.|
|Sing Christmas||20041225||On CHRISTMAS Day 1957 the BBC made a ground-breaking live broadcast.|
From around the country it transmitted the songs of CHRISTMAS from the British Isles, anchored by the noted Texan folklorist and broadcaster Alan Lomax.
It was a mixture of ancient carols, contemporary folk songs, calypso, West African music, dixieland, skiffle, children's carols and glees.
Singers across the country contributed live performances, with Lomax sitting at the centre of the web in a BIRMINGHAM studio.
It was thrilling, innovative and daring.
The ArcHIVe Hour, gathers the memories of those involved, and allows us to experience again this musical time capsule from nearly 50 years ago.
|Enter The Workhouse||20050108||Tony Burton presents a look at life behind the closed doors of one of Britain's most feared institutions: the workhouse.|
Rare arcHIVe and revealing testimonials from surviving former inmates and guardians tell the real story behind the myth.
|In Loving Memory||20050115||Alan Coren explores the history and art of the memorial service.|
No longer the preserve of the great and the good, this type of ceremony is becoming increasingly common.
|Louis's Lost Tapes||20050122||Humphrey Lyttelton presents extracts from a unique interview with Louis Armstrong, who talks candidly about his career and picks out some of his favourite records.|
|Farewell To Winston||20050129||On a frosty January morning, 40 years ago, the people of Britain stopped to pay their respects to a great wartime leader.|
Nicholas Witchell presents this look back on the state funeral of Winston Churchill and hears from members of the Churchill family, as well as those who played a part in what was a unique state occasion.
|His Master's Voice||20050219||Argo: the pioneering record label that brought poetry, Shakespeare, Britain's finest actors and writers, and a whole sound world to gramophones across the country.|
Alan Dein tells the story of a messianic belief in the power of discs to spread the spoken word and how it laid the foundations for today's audio-book boom.
|The Wild Blue||20050305||Emory Cook described his passion for sound as 'a way of daydreaming, an escape into the wild blue'.|
As hi-fi took off in the 1950s, Cook collected everything from stream trains and dog and cat fights to his beloved music of the Caribbean.
Cy Grant listens to the recordings of the man, and in particular to the vivid sounds of calypso, with the help of Anthony Seeger and Jeff Pace of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington where the arcHIVe of Emory Cook's recordings is held.
|The Parade's Gone By||20050312||To produce his landmark book on the art of the silent movie, The Parade's Gone By, Kevin Brownlow interviewed many of the leading figures including directors Henry King, Alfred Hitchcock, Lewis Milestone and Garbo's favourite Clarence Brown, as well as stars such as Mary Pickford, Louise Brooks, Gloria Swanson, Buster Keaton and Boris Karloff.|
In conversation with Kevin Brownlow, Michael Pointon explores a fascinating arcHIVe, voices from a now almost forgotten era.
The programme also includes contributions from Sir Jeremy Isaacs, who helped to promote the silent film during his tenures at Thames TV and Channel 4, and film music composer, Carl Davis.
|25 X 26.2||20050416||On the eve of its 25th running, Matthew Parris, veteran of the first five LONDON Marathons, charts the history of the world's greatest race.|
|Ready Teddy||20050514||Half a century ago, teddy boys were the first great working class, post war British youth cult.|
Teds were stylish, loud and occasionally violent, and provided the first evidence to suggest that the grey world of austerity and rationing might be on the verge of a big change.
Ray Gosling was one of Britain's first teddy boys, and in this programme he returns to his home town, Northampton, attends a rock and roll dance, and meets the barber who gave him his first quiff.
But he also addresses the bad side of the teddy boy phenomenon, and their involvement in the 1958 Notting Hill riots.
|Plucked From The Fire||20050528||Tim Whewell visits YIVO - a unique arcHIVe of the history of East European Jewry, and tells the story of how it was assembled by an army of volunteer collectors before the Second World War, and then heroically rescued from the Nazis.|
|The Torres Strait Expedition||20050709||In 1898 an expedition to the Torres Strait, between Australia and Papua New Guinea, took along the newly invented wax cylinder phonograph to record local people and music.|
Led by A C Haddon, the group recorded over 50 cylinders which have now been digitally restored.
Presented by Dr Janet Topp Fargion, curator of World and Traditional Music at the British Library Sound Archive, this Archive Hour tells the story, through the sounds of the cylinders and contemporary interviews, of the year long Cambridge University expedition and the effect it had on the islanders, which continues right up to the present day.
|Eyes In The Sky||20050716||20070217||Now the space age has reached middle age, Leo Enright reflects on satellites that have changed history.|
He recalls how the first man-made bleeps from outer space sharpened the Cold War chill back in 1957, but remembers the thrill of seeing the first ever live satellite TV pictures from Telstar.
The programme features the first female heartbeats in space - those of the Russian dog Laika; a special composition by the Beatles, written for a BBC satellite broadcast in 1967; and the announcement of the first ever scientific discovery from space - a hint of the major contribution satellites would make in the service of environmental science.
Leo Enright charts the rise and rise of satellites: the polar, the elliptical and the geosynchronous, reflecting on how the view from above the clouds has made the world seem a much smaller place, especially when many of the machines now soaring overhead are spy satellites.
Now that the space age has reached middle age, Leo Enright reflects on satellites that have changed history since Sputnik 1 first beeped at us from 1,000km.
Seeing the Earth from outside forever changed the human psyche, whether from the first orbiting weather satellite or the surface of the Moon.
And images from space - the first TV satellite pictures from Telstar and the earliest scientific observations from above the clouds - have made the world feel a smaller place; perhaps uncomfortably small when you think that many of the 9,000 orbiters currently up there are spy satellites.
Leo charts the rise and rise of the satellites and asks whether they should forever remain the domain of orbiting robots when the view from space is so spectacular, and holidays in space are very much on the cards.
|Oh What A Lovely Pier||20050813||Brighton's West Pier used to be the only Grade 1 listed pier in the country.|
Today, it is a bare and rusting hulk destroyed by waves, vandals and sheer neglect.
How did the Queen of Piers come to this sorry state and, more importantly, why did we allow it to happen? Seaside entertainer Tony Lidington celebrates its social history over decades and mourns its passing.
|Northern Edition||20050820||Fleet Street, that rather ordinary, workaday thoroughfare, gave the British press its name around the world.|
But there once was another Fleet Street, every bit as vital to the national newspaper industry as the one in London with its own status and its own terrific pride.
Barely a hundred years ago, Manchester was, as a press centre, little more than a small provincial backwater.
Within thirty years it was teeming, producing a third of all the newspapers bought in Britain and extending the reach of the nationals to the far flung markets of the North.
Simon Hoggart explores how Manchester helped make the newspaper industry truly national.
|Auntie Beeb And Her Little Listeners||20050917||20051224||Jean Seaton begins her Archive Hour on children's programmes with her own memories of Listen with Mother.|
In Auntie Beeb and Her Little Listeners, she tunes in to hear how the BBC spoke to children.
Judging by the memos in the archive and the tone that came out of the radio, a great deal of thought and worry went into the debate on how to address children.
There are wonderful moments; Jennings and Darbyshire struggle to capture stray frogs in the dormitory, Valerie Singleton makes a first aid box out of a toffee tin and Fanny Craddock and Jonnie give precise measurements for sausage rolls!
They are all examples, of the ways in which the BBC wove its magic over children and sometimes the magic came out of the radio and touched a child directly.
|The British On Top Of The World||20050924||20140802 (R4+)|
|Stephen Venables, who himself climbed Everest without oxygen, recalls the momentous expedition when the first British climbers got to the summit of the world's highest mountain exactly 30 years ago today.|
Expedition leader Chris Bonnington opens for the first time his personal audio diary of those dramatic days on top of the world.
Climber Stephen Venables recalls Sir Chris Bonington's 1975 expedition to Everest.
Fellow climber Stephen Venables recalls Sir Chris Bonington's fraught but successful 1975 expedition to Everest. From 2005.
Mountaineering is a harsh, unforgiving but ultimately rewarding pursuit - Chris Bonington's 1975 excursion up the South West face of Everest was marred by two deaths, but captured the public's imagination. With significantly less technological advantages than present-day climbers, Chris Bonington's team were faced with numerous personal and environmental challenges. He kept an audio diary which helps piece together the team's progress.
Also a writer, photographer and engineer, Sir Chris Bonington has written 17 books and finally reached the summit of Everest in 1985 with a Norwegian expedition. He has been mountaineering since 1951, when he was 16 years old, and continues to this day.
|Looking For Lawrence||20051015||This year is the 70th anniversary of the death of TE Lawrence, one of the most famous British icons of the 20th Century.|
Based on rare recordings, interviews and candid personal accounts, BBC World Affairs Editor John Simpson explores the life and legend of this extraordinary man in a special Archive Hour.
In interviews dating back as far as the 1930s, family, friends and military colleagues recall their contrasting experiences of the man.
There are precious recordings from literary luminaries such as EM Forster and Siegfried Sassoon - who spent much time in Lawrence's company.
We also hear from Lawrence's brother who poignantly remembers Lawrence after the war years - a man in ruins after enormous over-exertion for so many years.
|Fossilised Fish Hooks! Jennings At The Bbc||20051022||Miles Kington explores the influence of Anthony Buckeridge, creator of Jennings, on classic radio comedy, talking to writers and fans from Alan Ayckbourn to Simon Hoggart|
|The Sound Of America, The Story Of Npr||20051029||20070908||Joe Queenan takes a look at the past 35 years of American history through the news reports and documentaries produced by NPR - National Public Radio.|
Everything from international news coverage and national scandals, to must-hear features and Driveway Moments are covered by Joe and the people behind the programmes at NPR, including Susan Stamberg and Robert Siegel.
Joe introduces clips from the NPR archive that span 9/11, life as a minister, small-town America, the death of a child, the Watergate scandal, working in New York, OJ Simpson, the Iraq War, a tribute to Mary Tyler Moore, Dr Kevorkian and many more.
|The Mantovani Sound||20051105||20070421||Annunzio Mantovani and his cascading violins provided the soundtrack to post-war suburban life, with 20 chart entries in six years, and huge success in America as the biggest selling British artist before the Beatles.|
But no other music has fallen out of fashion so far, so fast: Mantovani is derided as lift music or aural chewing gum - and it's hardly ever played on the radio.
On the 100th anniversary of his birth, Catherine Bott talks to the surviving members of 'Monty's' bands, and probes the reasons for his spectacular success and equally dramatic eclipse.
Catherine Bott recalls the music of Annunzio Mantovani, whose string orchestra provided the soundtrack to postwar suburban life with 20 chart entries in six years.
But no other music has fallen out of fashion so quickly.
Mantovani is nowadays regarded as elevator music and hardly ever played on the radio.
|Selling Us The Soviets||20051112||The old Soviet block has not been dead long, but it frequently claimed to provide a more happier and contented way of life - using propaganda methods to try to show that its methods were right.|
Chris Bowlby looks at footage recently acquired by the BFI of the Soviets trying to sell their way of life to Britain.
How does it compare with the BBC archive reports of the old regime? The programme ranges across daily living conditions, huge industrial projects built in the middle of nowhere, the great Soviet science programme, and the desperate attempts by Soviet leaders to look and sound Latin and cool when on holiday in Cuba.
|Hospital Radio||20051119||is a national institution in Britain.|
From football commentaries to the hit parade, the patients' bedside speaker has become their therapeutic friend.
Plus, it's done wonders for many a budding presenter too: Simon Mayo, Philip Schofield and Ken Bruce all cut their teeth at the hospital radio microphone.
In this Archive Hour programme, former volunteer and current Radio 4 presenter Carolyn Quinn traces hospital broadcasting's people and history, and assesses the future of this medicine for the ears.
|Following Wainwright||20051126||Walking enthusiast Mark Radcliffe discovers the life and legacy of Alfred Wainwright, fell-walker and creator of Britain's most famous series of walking guides.|
The success of Alfred Wainwright's guides to the Lake District helped attract tens of thousands of walkers to the area, but this was a very private man who hid from others when out on the hilltops rather than wish them a good day.
|20051203||An in depth portrait of John Lennon, told through the original audio of Jann Wenner's seminal 1970 New York interview with Lennon for Rolling Stone magazine.|
The most famous interview Rolling Stone founder Jann Wenner ever did was an extensive interrogation, on tape, of Lennon shortly after the Beatles had broken up.
Lennon and Ono had already given the magazine a blessing of sorts by posing nude for its first anniversary issue in late 1968.
Theirs was a relationship of trust.
An edited version of Wenner's interview went to press in 1971, and the two issues in which it appeared both sold out overnight.
The Lennon interview remains one of the most important ever done with a popular musician.
Lennon himself regarded it as definitive.
It documented the Beatles' career and split with painstakingly emotional (at times excruciating) detail, and served as a major, and controversial, point of exorcism for Lennon in his coming to terms with the '60s, the legacy of the Beatles and particularly his ruptured relationship with Paul Mccartney.
He holds forth throughout on the subjects of art and politics, his own musical genius, his love for Yoko, drugs, primal therapy and mysticism.
It was the last interview in which he spoke with such candour.
He's on terrific form - acidly sharp, furious and funny, philosophical, exuding confidence, at times disarmingly vulnerable.
The audio archive for the programme centres exclusively on Wenner's own tapes.
It also contains new interviews with both Yoko, who sat beside John throughout, and Jann, who look back on the interview and Lennon's state of mind at the time.
Part of the BBC's John Lennon season.
|Mad About The Boy||20051210||20070915||Using the beautiful music of Ivor Novello and the wonderful wit of Noel Coward, Kit Hesketh Harvey traces the story of their intertwined careers.|
When they first met in 1917, Noel Coward was 'mad' about Ivor Novello and aspired to achieve the same glamorous lifestyle.
The two became great friends and seven years later, Noel too made it to the rarified atmosphere of fame, fortune and stardom.
Anecdotes by colleagues and friends such as Lord Louis Mountbatten, Sir John Gielgud, Lord Attenborough and Sir John Mills, reveal parallels and differences in their careers and personalities and point to why it might be that, while Noel Coward's plays are still filling theatre houses, posterity has not been so kind to Ivor Novello
|Tsunami Audio Memorial||20051217||A memorial in sound to commemorate the first anniversary of the tragedy that befell South East Asia last Boxing Day.|
Radio 4 asked people to contribute their stories.
The programme weaves together these first hand experiences and memories with the sounds that evoke the region, to create an audio tribute to the area and the people affected by the tsunami.
Many British tourists were on holiday when the tsunami struck, their harrowing but also life-affirming stories are gathered here.
Alongside them, are the moving tales of the people who live in South East Asia.
|Lomax At Christmas||20051224||Folk song collector Alan Lomax loved the traditional songs and carols of Christmas, and sought out music from around the world that summed up the spirit of the season.|
British folk musician Martin Carthy introduces a vintage radio programme that Lomax made in 1957 for the BBC, as well as other music he collected on the theme of Christmas.
Lomax brought together artists like Ewan MacColl, Peggy Seeger and Seamus Ennis in a celebration of Christmas from different parts of the country and further afield.
Irish jigs, Christmas calypsos and Italian carols are performed alongside the traditional music of Britain, and the programme includes an interview with Lomax's daughter, Anna Lomax Wood, who talks about her father's work.
|Based On The Book||20051225||Robert Giddings tells the stirring story of how the classic novel serialisation was pioneered by the BBC, and how its development over 60 years has both reflected and influenced our view of classic literature.|
As well as searching for gems from the BBC archives, he hears from some of the actors, directors and writers who have made the programmes.
|20060107||The Royal Academy of Music now owns the ancient music, books and papers from the study of the late David Munrow.|
Jeremy Summerly, with the help of this unique archive, sheds new light on a brilliant musician, a gifted composer and talented broadcaster.
Ken Russell, Shirley Collins, and James Bowman help make sense of the man who many believe was key to changing the musical taste of a generation.
|The Dream Boats||20060114||This is the story of Liverpool's 'Cunard Yanks', the young men who worked for the Cunard line in the glory years of the transatlantic liners.|
They sailed to New York and came back dressed like film stars, laden with exotic consumer goods and music unknown in ration-book Britain.
|Fastnet||20060121||Veteran broadcaster and transatlantic yachtsman David Lomax employs the BBC's sound archive to retell the story of the Fastnet Race 1979 - the worst disaster in ocean racing history.|
On August 11, 303 yachts began the 600-mile race from the Isle of Wight, round the Fastnet Rock off the Irish Coast and back to Plymouth.
A small depression, that had started in the American Mid-West, deepened at a catastrophic rate and hit the fleet in the early hours of the morning.
By the time the winds subsided, 15 people were dead, 24 crews had abandoned their yachts and five craft had sunk.
136 sailors were rescued and just 85 boats finished the race.
|Alexander Korda - The Man Who Took On Hollywood||20060128||When Alexander Korda died 50 years ago this month, his greatest days were over and the British film industry was beginning to go into serious decline in the face of its deadliest rival yet - television.|
But in his heyday, Korda had persuaded the British to go to the cinema and see their own culture, lives and history on screen, rather than Hollywood's vision of the world.
With interview clips from those who knew him, Francine Stock re-assesses Korda's life, career, and films - including The Private Life of Henry VIII, Things to Come, Elephant Boy, Fire Over England, and That Hamilton Woman.
|The Ship That Broke The Cammell's Back||20060204||The Cammell Laird shipyard had a worldwide reputation for shipbuilding.|
Its site at Birkenhead employed 16,000 men in its heyday and the whole community was bound up with the yard.
Frank Field, Birkenhead's MP, looks at the history of the yard, and the enormous impact it had on life in Birkenhead.
|Voices From The Past||20060211||Colm Toibin, acclaimed Irish novelist, investigates a remarkable race against time to save Ireland's age-old storytelling tradition.|
As a generation of oral storytellers were dying out in early 20th-century Ireland, a small band of dedicated collectors decided their stories and lore should not die with them.
Taking to Ireland's highways and byways, they persuaded thousands of tellers, singers and musicians to be recorded.
The result today is the Irish National Folklore Collection at University College Dublin, one of the largest repositories of oral stories and traditions in the world.
Colm explores its riches and its legacy.
|Not What It Used To Be - England And Nostalgia||20060218||Arcadian visions of Britain, in particular England, have appeared in prose, poetry and music for centuries.|
Skilfully evoked, they touch our very souls.
But, since the beginning, they have been manipulated by politicians, the military and advertisers to sell us policies, products and even identities.
With political journalist Anthony Howard, historian Lisa Jardine, composer Michael Berkeley, singer Tom Robinson and rural writer Richard Mabey, Sean Street explores the archive of a potent emotional state - nostalgia.
|Make Yourself At Home||20060225||20070825||In 1965, the BBC Immigration Programme Unit broadcast the first programme in its series Make Yourself at Home.|
Sarfraz Mansoor looks back at the way Asians were introduced to their new lives in the UK, and draws on archives across the country to show how Britain's media have responded to an increasingly diverse society over the past 40 years.
Contributors include journalists and broadcasters.
|An Audience With Norman Corwin||20060304||Hailed as American radio's 'poet laureate', Corwin, now 95, is still making radio programmes, as well as teaching journalism at the University of Southern California.|
He remembers some of his most significant productions from the golden age of radio including:
They Fly Through the Air - his response to Mussolini's bombing of Ethiopia.
We Hold These Truths - a drama commissioned by Roosevelt to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights, which was listened to by 63 million people - the largest audience in recorded history for a dramatic performance.
An American in England - a series made to give Americans a better understanding of the British, and the programme which is still considered his masterpiece - On a Note of Triumph.
|20,000 Leagues Under The Ice||20060311||In 1958, in utter secrecy, the black hull of the world's first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, voyaged beneath the ice of the North Pole and entered into legend.|
'Nautilus 90 degrees North' flashed the telegram, informing the world of the boat's historic undersea crossing - a message that would sink home both in Washington and Moscow - hinting at American technical genius and the tilting of strategic power.
That voyage was captured on disc and long forgotten.
Now Charles Wheeler, speaking with the Nautilus captain and crew, reveals a hidden history of adventure and political intrigue at the limits of human knowledge.
|The Home Of Radio||20060318||As Broadcasting House undergoes a massive redevelopment to bring it into the 21st Century, former director of BBC Radio, Sir David Hatch, takes a tour round this much loved and historic building to reveal the extraordinary part it has played in the history of radio.|
There are many myths and legends that surround Broadcasting House, as David discovers when he revisits his old stomping ground, and reveals the answers to several age old mysteries.
What is the surprise that Eric Gill left on the back of his famous statue above the entrance to Broadcasting House? Did Orwell base Room 101 on the shady goings-on in the first floor corridor of BH, and is there a resident ghost? All will be revealed.
|Fifty Years Of The English Stage Company At The Royal Court||20060325||Comedian, director, actor and writer Ken Campbell's association with the Royal Court Theatre began in 1969 when he directed Inside Out, by Frank Norman, in the main theatre.|
He steers us though half a century of Royal Court history - in this 50th birthday celebration of the opening of The English Stage Company's first production at the Royal Court.
|The Grand National||20060401||The National is a race that's survived all sorts of ups and downs in its 170 years - bomb scares, animal rights protests, void races, attempts to close Aintree and, of course, Devon Loch collapsing within sight of a win for the Queen Mother.|
Charlie Lambert, who covered the race for years and used to live next door to Red Rum, tells the story of the nation's favourite horse race and examines what place it has in our future.
|Speaking For Ourselves||20060408||Geoff Adams-Spink explores a remarkable oral history project about disability, run by the charity Scope.|
A heart breaking and inspirational history of the unheard.
|Say It Plain||20060422||Slavery was finally abolished in the 19th Century.|
But the struggle for Black liberation in America was to take a long and brutal further journey into the present - a journey marked by lynchings, burning churches and by the brave people who decided to speak out - to say it plain.
Dotun Adebayo listens to the speeches made by the 'foot soldiers' in the struggle for equality; the words of Black American activists who mixed the fire of the pulpit with the cool logic of justice and a passion derived from a tremendous sense of hope.
|High Society||20060429||Stewart Henderson traces the high rise and dramatic fall of tower blocks in Liverpool and meets a group of residents who are documenting the life they led before the demolition men moved in.|
|David Attenborough At 80||20060506||The archive that exists of Sir David Attenborough's broadcasting career spans 50 years across radio and television.|
His name is synonymous with the natural world around us.
From Zoo Quest in the 1950s, to the groundbreaking Life on Earth TV series in the 1970s, to Planet Earth in 2006, he has broadcast from the coldest poles, the hottest deserts, the highest mountains and deepest oceans, taking worldwide audiences on his journeys with him.
Those decades have seen the most extraordinary strides forward in TV and film-making technology, allowing film-makers to go to more places and return with more intimate and revealing images of the world and its wildlife than ever before - and it continues apace.
As he approaches his 80th birthday, Sir David reflects back on his career, in conversation with Brian Leith.
|I'd Like To Teach The World||20060513||20070929||The drive for self-improvement brought us Pelmanism, Charles Atlas and Teach Yourself Tap Dancing.|
Nigel Warburton, whose grandfather Reg devised one of the first distance learning guides to modern popular singing, looks back on a rich history of the auto didact.
Nigel Warburton, whose grandfather Reg devised one of the first distance learning guides to modern popular singing, looks back on the rich history of the autodidact.
|Down Your Way Revisited||20060520||Down Your Way was one of Britain's longest-running radio series.|
It started in 1946 when BBC producer Leslie Perowne hit upon the idea of spinning out a popular music programme on the Home Service with short interviews with members of the public.
The idea was an instant success, and Down Your Way became a staple of the radio schedules for decades.
At the height of its success in the 1950s, when television had yet to make a significant impact, it was attracting 10 million listeners a week.
Cultural historian Professor Jeffrey Richards argues that Down Your Way portrayed a heritage Britain, intent on preserving the past, which provided listeners with a reassurance that despite all appearances to the contrary, nothing would ever really change in their green and pleasant land.
|A Shoddy Business||20060527||Tony Robinson travels to Batley in West Yorkshire, to unweave the story of Shoddy - the process of ripping apart old clothes and re-spinning the fibres to create new cloth.|
This revolutionary idea was devised in the town by local man Benjamin Law, but now almost all the mills have closed and Shoddy is no longer produced, as we've learnt to recycle in other ways.
Tony delves into a local oral history archive, and walks around the town with local historian Malcolm Haigh, recalling when Shoddy played a major part in the industrial and social revolutions.
It produced affordable new suits for the working man, it clothed the armies of the world and it even introduced a new word to the English language.
|Thanks For Listening||20060603||For 26 years, John Ebdon was one of the stalwarts of the Radio 4 sound - his skittish and silly comic journeys into the archive were a fixture of every third Monday.|
But Ebdon was a man of many other passions besides broadcasting - he was the Director of the London Planetarium and had a lifelong love affair with Greece.
Nick Baker presents a celebration of the multiple talents of Ebdon, who died last year.
He explores how Ebdon created a unique style.
|A Feather In Their Cap||20060610||MP and former Chancellor Ken Clarke, also a keen birdwatcher, charts the rise and rise of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.|
When a group of determined women met in a house in Manchester's Didsbury area in 1889 to lament the fate of the Great-crested Grebe and other birds killed for their feathers which were fashionable at the time, little could they have realised that the largest conservation charity in Europe was about to be born.
|20060617||It's 27 years since America's worst nuclear accident at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania.|
Now archive interviews of community members responding to the crisis have been made available to the public for the first time.
Martin Bell, who reported from Three Mile Island during the crisis, revisits the story - speaking to those who were at the middle of the nuclear storm, including Richard Thornburgh, the then Governor of Harrisburg, the closest city to the plant; and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Harold Denton, who was crucial in calming a potentially explosive situation.
The programme captures the five nerve-wracking days from March 28, 1979, when engineers struggled to control a runaway reactor and Government officials debated whether to evacuate the area.
For months after, residents contemplated the unexplained horror of nuclear meltdown.
|Potteries Fascists||20060624||20081025||Seventy years ago the Public Order Act of 1936 marked the beginning of the end of the British Union of Fascists, banning the wearing of the blackshirt uniform and giving police the power to ban fascist marches.|
Within a year, the movement was also barred from most big halls in the country, leaving its leader Oswald Mosley without his two main weapons processions and mass meetings.
In Potteries Fascists, Gerry Northam marks the anniversary of the Act with a unique set of recordings, never before heard on network radio, chronicling the rise and fall of the fascist movement in one of its strongest provincial bases, Stoke-on-Trent.
|Dolly's Decade||20060708||On July 5, 1996, Dolly The Sheep was born.|
When her existence was announced, there was a flurry of publicity, promise and controversy.
Yet although the scientific techniques have moved on, no clone since has been as celebrated.
Sally Magnusson tells the story of Dolly's brief existence, charting the attitudes, arguments and research which can be traced back to one very special sheep.
|District Six||20060715||On the slopes of Table Mountain in Cape Town, District Six was a jumble of cobbled alleyways - home to Asians, Africans, whites and people of mixed race.|
As their co- existence challenged the strict separation of apartheid, from 1968 onwards 60,000 residents were forcibly evicted and the area bulldozed.
Then came the announcement in 2003 that the township would be rebuilt.
This has given hope that its re-creation will be a symbol for the healing of a nation.
But is it possible to recreate the magic and vibrancy of the old days?
Nigel Wrench travels to Cape Town to visit District Six's museum, where music recordings and oral histories have been carefully collected to preserve memories of the area.
|Wriggling With Eels||20060722||20071208|
|Nowadays they're known more for their complicated lives and long-suffering expressions, but there was a time when Eastenders were celebrated for their cheeky chappie wit.|
Lee Hurst looks back at a century of cockney comics from Albert Chevalier and Max Miller to Alf Garnett and Ricky Grover.
Lee Hurst looks back at a century of cockney comics, from Albert Chevalier to Ricky Grover
Lee Hurst looks back at a century of cockney comics, from Albert Chevalier and Max Miller to Alf Garnett and Ricky Grover. From July 2006.
|Putting It Simply||20060729||Kathy Sykes charts the way that science has been seen and heard on radio and television, from post Second World War lectures to the animation of Walking With Dinosaurs.|
|Escape From Victory||20060805||Ian McMillan presents the story of life in post war Britain through the eyes of former football stars Sir Tom Finney and Peter Croker, plus historians, authors and fans.|
|Run Tk! Skateboarding Duck!||20060812||Nationwide was BBC TV's most popular news and current affairs programme and, for the 14 years it was on air, had a regular audience of between 11 and 14 million viewers.|
Writer and broadcaster Steve Hewlett, who worked on the programme, explores what it was about Nationwide that turned it into one of the iconic TV institutions of the 1970s.
He hears from presenters Michael Barrett, Valerie Singleton, John Stapleton and Sue Cook as well as the dedicated team behind the scenes.
|Remember Last Summer||20060819||A nostalgic snapshot of the great British package holiday in the 1950s, 60s and early 70s.|
This vibrant story explores the post-war excitement of glamorous new holiday destinations and looks fondly at the early pioneers of the package tour industry.
|Same Time, Same Place, Next Year||20060826||Doc Rowe has been returning to the same place at the same time for more than 40 years to record, photograph and film annual events such as the Obby Osses dancing through the streets of Padstow on May Day, the Burry Man of South Queensferry on the second Friday in August and the building of the Penny Hedge in Whitby on Ascension Eve.|
Malcolm Taylor, the English Folk Dance and Song Society's librarian, follows Doc Rowe as he adds to his vast archive of the sound and images of British vernacular culture, exploring what he has collected, why and what its future might be.
|Betjeman The Broadcaster||20060828||From the 1930s to the 1980s John Betjeman appeared on every kind of radio and TV programme - from earnest literary quizzes and discussions to the fun of Jim'll Fix It and Parkinson.|
Miles Kington charts his extraordinary broadcasting progress, where the changing world of radio and TV inspired Betjeman's poetic journeys, such as Metroland and Summoned by Bells.
|Diva||20060902||Peggy Reynolds presents a history of the diva, from the earliest opera stars of the bel canto to recent megastars of popular music.|
In an age when the term 'celebrity' is attached to some staggeringly minor talents, she takes a look at what makes a real star, and turns a singer into an iconic figure for a whole generation.
With broadcaster Paul Gambaccini, opera director John Copley and music lecturer Richard Witts.
|New York Reflections Five Years On||20060909||To mark the fifth anniversary of 9/11, a programme which weaves archive of the day with a physical portrait of the city of New York today.|
BBC reporter Stephen Evans, who was in one of the Twin Towers on September 11, returns to New York to find out how the city and its people have changed.
There are some powerfully emotional interviews.
|Discover Your Inner Durrell||20060916||It's 50 years since the publication of Gerald Durrell's My Family and Other Animals.|
Naturalist Bridget Nicholls - who was inspired to work with nature by Durrell's books - reflects on the extraordinary life of this pioneering conservationist.
|Europe - Ruins To Recovery||20060923||The Marshall Plan helped rebuild post-war Europe.|
But it came with a huge propaganda campaign too - aiming to make Europeans become more American.
Chris Bowlby listens to the hype, humour and hard sell of the Marshall message.
|The House||20060930||Matthew Parris lifts the lid on what really goes on behind the closed doors of Parliament.|
Containing candid interviews with retired House of Commons staff and interviews with current staff and MPs.
|The Wapping Revolution||20061007||Twenty years ago Andrew Neil was editor of the Sunday Times.|
He goes back to explore what happened when his boss Rupert Murdoch decided to take on the mighty British print unions.
In great secrecy, a state of the art printing plant was installed at new headquarters in Wapping and members of other unions employed to staff it.
This triggered violent confrontation as the printers went on strike.
The strike lasted for 13 months and changed both the newspaper industry and the unions forever.
|The Saga Of The Flying Enterprise||20061014||The last few days of December 1951 marked the beginning of a 14-day period in which the people of the British Isles and the United States were spellbound by a dramatic event taking place 350 miles off the coast of Falmouth.|
It involved a damaged American freighter The Flying Enterprise - whose Master Captain Kurt Carlsen refused to leave his sinking ship - and British mate Kenneth Dancy, aboard the salvage tug Turmoil that tried to save her.
Ivan Howlett tells the gripping story of adventure and heroism during one of the worst storms in living memory, and uncovers the mystery of what The Flying Enterprise was carrying as he talks to the diver who discovered the wreck.
|Down The Wires||20061021||Matthew Parris uncovers the remarkable story of the Electrophone, the first sound broadcasting service to operate in Britain.|
|Suez||20061028||To mark the 50th anniversary of the Suez Crisis of 1956, Professor Scott Lucas examines the key role played by the British intelligence services in the ill-fated invasion of Egypt.|
He uses new evidence to uncover how MI6 planned for the overthrow of the Egyptian President Nasser, how it shocked CIA colleagues with the proposal to use Israel in the attempt, and how it eventually produced the unsuccessful plan for psychological warfare, with catastrophic results for the Eden government.
|A Comfort To The Enemy||20061104||In 1956, Prime Minister Anthony Eden was at loggerheads with the BBC over its coverage of the Suez crisis.|
Steve Hewlett uses archive recordings and new interviews to explore a defining period for the BBC's editorial independence.
Contributors include Douglas Hurd, Charles Wheeler and Alastair Milne.
|Man Of The People||20061118||Jeffrey Richards tells the story of Paul Graney, who left as his legacy an extraordinary collection of audio recordings covering not only his own life but also the changing lives of ordinary people in the first half of the 20th century.|
He spent months living rough during the Great Depression, helped to organise the Manchester contingent of the Jarrow March, and fought against Oswald Mosley's Blackshirts.
Later, he became a collector of folk music from across the world and helped to save hundreds of traditional songs.
|Down At The Docks||20061125||Ulster broadcaster and writer Gerry Anderson explores the rise and fall of Belfast's remarkable shipbuilding industry and looks at life on the docks through a new collection of archive interviews and recordings from local residents.|
|The Edwards Archive||20061209||Twenty-five years ago, film-maker John Edwards interviewed 50 of the surviving cameramen who had worked for the cinema newsreel companies in America and Europe.|
His recordings were lost and recovered only recently.
The story of the newsreel, from the Lindbergh take-off to the Apollo splash-downs, can now be told in the voices of the men who filmed history.
|Not Like That, Like This||20061216||20081226||Julian Worricker looks back at 60 years of BBC masterclasses featuring great musicians.|
Imagine being taught the piano by Daniel Barenboim, or the cello by Jacqueline Du Pre.
Well for the last 60 years, the BBC has been producing masterclasses that have revealed how great musicians approach their craft.
Julian Worricker asks what is being taught in these lessons and what makes them such riveting broadcasting? With archive recordings of, among others, Georg Solti, Paul Tortelier and Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - and contributions from Steven Isserlis and Maxim Vengerov.
Julian Worricker looks back at 60 years of BBC masterclasses revealing how great musicians approach their craft.
|Wild Times: David Attenborough At 80||20061223||The archive that exists of David Attenborough's broadcasting career spans 50 years across sound, radio and television.|
His name is synonymous with the natural world around us.
From Zoo Quest in the 1950s, the groundbreaking Life on Earth television series in the 1970s to Planet Earth in 2006, he has broadcast from the coldest poles, the hottest deserts, the highest mountains and deepest oceans, taking worldwide audiences on his journeys with him.
It's been 50 years that has also seen the most extraordinary strides forward in television and film-making technology which has allowed film-makers to go to more places and return with more intimate and revealing images of the world and its wildlife than ever before, and it continues apace.
As he approaches his 80th birthday, in conversation with Brian Leith, David reflects back on his career - as one of the most trusted and well travelled broadcasters in British television history and as a guide and witness to the wonders of the natural world.
|The Poles And The Planet||20061230||It is a story of courage, sacrifice, rivalries and friendships, but 50 years after the first triumphant crossing of Antarctica, the story of the Trans-Antarctic Expedition is nearly forgotten.|
Set against the scientific frenzy of the International Geophysical Year of 1957 which saw the launch of the space age, Adam Fowler tracks down the survivors of the last great journey on Earth and asks what legacy they have left.
As science communities across the world prepare for the International Polar Year in 2007, he asks what lessons we have learned in the last 50 years.
|In The Dark Tower: Louise Macneice At The Bbc||20070106||20140809 (R4+)|
|Louis Macneice, who was born in Belfast in 1907, wrote some of the most beautiful poetry of the last century.|
For 20 years, he was also one of the BBC's most innovative radio producers, famous for productions such as The Dark Tower and Columbus - which featured Laurence Olivier and music by William Walton - and unusual impressionistic programmes such as India at First Sight.
MacNeice was an enigmatic figure, aloof yet concerned, a brilliant classicist who loved rugby and a hard drinker who worked harder.
Paul Muldoon, another distinguished poet from Belfast, and himself an accomplished radio producer, explores the archive.
Poet Paul Muldoon recalls a fellow Belfast wordsmith who innovated radio production.
4 Extra Debut. Poet Paul Muldoon recalls a fellow Belfast wordsmith who innovated radio production, loved rugby and drank hard. From January 2007.
|The Truth About Walter Legge||20070113||James Naughtie looks at the career of Walter Legge, arguably the most influential classical recording producer of all time.|
Karajan, Callas, Schwarzkopf and Klemperer were all his discoveries and his legacy contains some of the most famous recordings ever made.
Yet he was autocratic, secretive, combative and eventually unmanageable, walking away from the business at the height of his powers and disappearing into obscurity.
|Back To Square One - 80 Years Of Football On The Radio||20070120||Just three weeks after the Royal Charter was received in January 1927, the BBC covered its first football match.|
The Radio Times published a diagram of the pitch which was split into squares so that the commentator could easily let the listener know where the ball was.
This is thought by some to have been the origin of the phrase 'back to square one'.
Barry Davies delves into the evolution of commentary from that day to this, looking at the changing relationship between broadcasting and football.
|20070127||John Simpson explores the life and legend of TE Lawrence through archive interviews dating back as far as the 1930s.|
Family, friends and military colleagues recall their contrasting experiences.
Among those featured are literary luminaries such as EM Forster and Siegfried Sassoon.
|Sas - The Originals||20070203||The remarkable story of the birth of the SAS, told by the men who were there and who were The Originals.|
Presented by Gordon Stevens.
|Out On Air||20070210||The rise and fall of gay radio; how homosexuality on the airwaves went from taboo to mainstream in the space of a decade.|
The gay community was the last to find a voice on British radio, still fighting for airtime long after specific Black, Asian, Irish and Jewish programmes were commonplace.
Eventually, and after many a battle with nervous radio bosses, gay radio quite suddenly came out; 1993 saw the first gay programme on Radio 4.
|To Win The Peace||20070224||John Cole relives the 1945 General Election.|
Winston Churchill confidently expected to capitalise on his postwar popularity, yet Labour gained a landslide win.
|The Cancer Of Betrayal||20070303||As Ghana celebrates 50 years of independence, Radio 4's Archive Hour asks what were the real reasons behind the 1966 coup against Kwame Nkrumah and his untimely death?|
Over 40 years on, the key to these questions lies with June Mile, his British Literary assistant, biographer and close companion.
Now in her late 80s, June reveals new and exclusive material from her personal archive, to throw fresh light on events and tell a story thats never been fully told before.
|Harry Belafonte At 80||20070310||Stephen Evans talks to the celebrated singer about his life in music and on the political battlefront.|
In 1956, Belafonte's Calypso became the first album to sell over a million copies.
Whilst it brought huge international fame and celebrity, it also gave him the financial means to further his ambitions as a political and social activist.
|Strangers In The Night||20070317||Michael Nicholson recalls the night of the Argentinian invasion of the Falkland Islands in 1982 with the help of some astonishing radio archive from the Falkland Island Broadcasting Service.|
When radio station manager Patrick Watts turned up to present his weekly 60-minute music request show, the programme turned into a marathon 16-hour broadcast as islanders phoned in with their sightings of the invading army.
|50 Years In Europe: Where Away Goals Count Double||20070324||Jim White looks back at the 50-year history of football's European competitions and British clubs' participation in them.|
He examines the cultural impact of European football on Britain and how it has affected our relationship with our continental cousins.
Contributors include fans, journalists and players who experienced the great European adventure from the tragedy at Munich to more recent English triumphs.
|Denis Healey At 90||20070331||Elinor Goodman looks back on the career of Denis Healey, whose life mirrors the vicissitudes of the Labour party since 1945.|
An MP for forty years, Healey served as the Labour Party's International Secretary, Defence Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, as well as Deputy Leader.
|Light At The End Of The Chunnel||20070407||In December 1990 a French and an English worker linked the two ends of the Channel Tunnel and a project first contemplated in Napoleon's time was realised.|
Sean Street explores the history and the symbolism of the Chunnel and the conflicting emotions it has always aroused.
|The Women Left On The Shore||20070414||Local historian Dr Sam Riches introduces recordings from Fleetwood Museum, the Lancaster Maritime Museum and the North West Sound Archive, reflecting the role of women in the fishing communities around Morecambe Bay over the last century.|
|20070428||Jean Seaton explores how the BBC has faced the task of trying to accommodate, explain and negotiate religious beliefs.|
From director general Lord Reith's reading of Blake's poem Jerusalem on the day the General Strike ended in 1926 to the controversy surrounding the decision to screen Jerry Springer: The Opera, the corporation has always had to tread carefully with regard to the nation's religious sensitivities.
|The Stone Of Destiny||20070505||James Naughtie tells the story of an audacious raid carried out on Christmas Day 1950.|
Three young men and one woman removed the Stone of Destiny from under King Edward I's Chair in Westminster Abbey, where it had lain since its removal from Scone in Scotland in 1296.
The exploit brought the cause of Scottish independence to the front pages.
To this day, the Stone, now installed in Edinburgh Castle, remains a symbol of the pride of Scotland in its nationhood.
|All The People I Hoped Were Dead: Cannes At 60||20070512||Barry Norman presents a special programme to mark the 60th anniversary of the famous film festival, featuring archive interviews and anecdotes.|
Contributors include Orson Welles, Bruce Willis, Stephen Frears, Philip French and Chris Darke
|Olivier||20070519||Mark Lawson reassesses Laurence Olivier's reputation.|
100 years after his birth, Olivier is regarded as one of the greatest actors of the 20th Century, but has his acting style, dependent on exaggerated disguise and vocal power, gone out of fashion?
Contributors include Peter Hall, Jonathan Miller and Jeremy Isaacs.
|Test Match Special: Ball By Ball||20070526||Rory Bremner looks back at fifty years of BBC Radio coverage of test match cricket in this country.|
The programme has seen a rich variety of commentators, including the poetic elegance of John Arlott, the japes of Brian Johnston and the exuberance of Jonathan Agnew.
For some the atmosphere has resembled that of an elite club, but for thousands of others the experience has been as vivid a depiction of summer as the smell of cut grass.
|Basil Spence||20070602||One hundred years after the birth of the architect Basil Spence, Sarah Gaventa examines his legacy.|
Many of his major buildings, including Coventry Cathedral and Sussex University, survive and thrive.
Others, including Gorbals tower blocks, have been demolished.
Spence also left behind a huge collection of drawings, models and photos.
Sarah reports on the preservation of the Spence archive and talks to people making use of his buildings today.
|The People's Place||20070609||In June 2007, the Royal Festival Hall reopens after a major refurbishment.|
Harry Enfield explores its history through music and anecdotes from the BBC and Southbank Centre archives.
|Back To The Future||20070616||Adam Hart Davies looks at some of the predictions made in the past by scientists, programme-makers and politicians about how future society and technology would develop.|
He explores some of the moral and ethical dilemmas arising from mankind's thirst for new inventions, new technologies and new ways of life.
|A Small Country Life||20070623||As programmes about smallholdings and self-sufficiency enjoy huge popularity, Sheila McClennon rediscovers the original.|
Jeanine McMullen's much loved A Small Country Living was broadcast on Radio 4 throughout the 1980s.
|Flanders On Flanders||20070630||Stephanie Flanders, Economics Editor of Newsnight, tells the story of her father Michael Flanders, whose partnership with Donald Swann formed one of the great comic duos.|
Rare archive reveals Michael's forgotten career as an actor and his campaigning work for rights for the disabled.
|Men In Bow Ties||20070707||20081213||Lars Tharp explores the changing relationship between the antiques trade and the British public with their insatiable appetite for old things.|
He also considers the way in which television has transformed the image of the antiques business, from Arthur Negus and Lovejoy to Bargain Hunt and David Dickinson.
|A Philosophy To Live By||20070714||In 1951, radio pioneer Edward R Murrow asked Americans from all walks of life to write essays about their most fundamental and closely held beliefs.|
Each contributor was to describe their faith in 600 words, and in their own voice read the essay to the nation.
The show was a runaway success.
This archive hour presents highlights of the original programme which, through the beliefs of the essay writers, sheds light on the cultural tensions of that period.
|Mr Munrow, His Study||20070721||The Royal Academy of Music now owns the ancient music, books and papers from the study of the late David Munrow.|
Jeremy Summerly explores this unique archive to shed new light on a brilliant musician, a gifted composer and talented broadcaster.
Contributors include Ken Russell, Shirley Collins and James Bowman.
|Footlights And Fancy Free||20070728||This programme uses the extensive archives of the Cambridge University Footlights Club to tell its story, from a cricket match inspired inception in 1883 to the bright young things of the current day.|
|India And Pakistan '07: Debating The Divide||20070804||Sarfraz Manzoor chairs a debate at Southampton University on new ways of understanding the legacy of Partition 60 years on.|
Academics, writers and intellectuals from around the world gather to discuss the latest thinking, from fresh perspectives on British withdrawal, oral testimony, the reassessment of existing archive material and the ever-present problem of Kashmir.
Part of the India and Pakistan '07 season.
|Britain's Space Race||20070811||The UK is considering new space initiatives to boost industry and inspire a new generation of scientists and engineers.|
But 50 years ago, Britain was at the forefront of the space race, developing innovative rockets to rival those of America and Russia.
So what went wrong? Astronomer and writer Heather Couper meets some of Britain's surviving rocket pioneers and recalls their triumphs and disasters.
|On The Grapevine: Oral History Of The Wine Trade||20070818||Jancis Robinson tells the story of how the British wine trade has changed within the last half century.|
Drawing on the National Sound Archive's oral history collection and the BBC's archives, she explores an industry that has changed out of all recognition.
Beginning with the days when wine was imported in barrels, stored in vaults and bottled by hand, the programme traces the rise of the supermarkets, the promotion of branded wine and the increasing dominance of new world producers.
|Saving The Sounds Of History: Marie Slocombe And The Bbc Sound Archive||20070901||Sean Street tells the story of Marie Slocombe and the BBC Sound Archive.|
One of the most important collections in the world, the archive began almost by accident one day in the 1930s when Marie, a temporary secretary, was told to clear out some old records.
The first batch included recordings by GB Shaw, GK Chesterton and Winston Churchill.
Slocombe held on to them and spent the rest of her career developing the collection, from the great and the good to the experiences of ordinary people.
|A Quarrel In A Faraway Country||20070922||David Vaughan explores the archives of the national radio building in Prague to tell the story of the events of autumn 1938 from a Czech point of view.|
The Munich Agreement, which seceded the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany, resulted in Neville Chamberlain's triumphant return, brandishing a piece of paper that he boasted would guarantee peace in our time.
Just six months later, Hitler would annex the rest of the country, making war across Europe inevitable.
|The Documentary Pioneers||20071006||Francine Stock tells the story of five film makers, all born in 1907, who became pioneers in the industry.|
Humphrey Jennings, Basil Wright, Paul Rotha, Edgar Anstey and Marion Grierson exposed the lives of the working class to cinema audiences for the first time, featuring ordinary people, artisans and labourers in factories and poor housing conditions.
Night Mail, with words by W H Auden and music by Benjamin Britten, is perhaps the best known example of the genre.
|Stalin's Silent People - 1 - War Against Family||20071013||Historian Orlando Figes reveals the secret histories of family life during Stalin's reign of terror, drawing on the archives and interviews he has gathered for his new book The Whisperers.|
|Stalin's Silent People - 2 - Freedom Or Death||20071020||Historian Orlando Figes reveals the moral dilemmas individuals faced in their dealings with the Stalinist regime, drawing on the archives and interviews he has gathered for his new book The Whisperers.|
|The Sound And The Fury||20071027||Tom Robinson examines the seemingly inevitable anger that has greeted musical innovation in the last 100 years, from early jazz to rap and rave music.|
|Ken Dodd: How Tickled I've Been||20071103||Veteran comedian Ken Dodd discusses his eventful career with actor Ricky Tomlinson in front of an audience at Liverpool's Royal Academy of Arts.|
The programme features clips of Dodd in performance, along with archive of his comedy heroes and newsreel from events in his life.
|Close To Home: The Story Of Local Radio||20071110||Libby Purves looks back at 40 years of BBC local radio stations.|
First launched in Leicester, Sheffield and Merseyside, the initial days of local programming were chaotic, featuring unruly guests, erratic phone-ins and various technological mishaps.
But the ideals of the early pioneers continue to flourish in the 21st century.
|The Editors||20071117||Andrew Neil celebrates the big characters of Fleet Street, from C P Scott to Kelvin McKenzie.|
Who has been the most influential newspaper editor of recent history?
|The Sounds Of Flanders||20071124||BBC security correspondent Frank Gardner discovers a collection of First World War propaganda recordings and considers their impact on the ordinary civilians and soldiers.|
|Maids And Mistresses||20071201||20071201 (BBC7)|
|Social historian Christina Hardyment looks at the last years of life below stairs in Britain between the wars, focusing on the particular relationship between middle-class female employers and their servants. |
4 Extra Debut. Christina Hardyment re-evaluates life below stairs in interwar Britain, particularly for maids in middle-class homes. From December 2007.
Christina Hardyment looks at life below stairs in Britain between the wars.
|Acoustic Attic||20071215||Judith Kampfner samples some American radio archives from the recordings of Nikki Silva and Davia Nelson, known to their listeners as the Kitchen Sisters.|
Their amazing collection, consisting of tapes and stories from ordinary people, features extraordinary eyewitness accounts of historical events and famous people as well as enchanting obsolete sounds, including Thomas Edison cracking jokes, Tennessee Williams making a recording in a penny arcade and a report on Abraham Lincoln.
|Virtuoso||20071222||Peggy Reynolds takes a wry, informative and highly entertaining look at the history of the virtuoso performer, from Paganini to Eric Clapton.|
Contributors include critic Norman Lebrecht and music writer Richard Witts.
|20071225||In June 2007, the Royal Festival Hall reopened after a major refurbishment.|
Harry Enfield explores its history through music and anecdotes from the BBC and Southbank Centre archives.
|The Shoemakers||20071229||Ray Gosling revisits his home town of Northampton, once the centre of the British shoemaking industry.|
Since the 1960s, most of the footwear factories have closed and shoe fashions have changed dramatically.
Ray visits a remarkable museum of shoes and tracks down some of the remaining manufacturers, finding out how traditional leather shoes are made and why a certain market for them continues to thrive.
|God, Pirates And Ovaltineys||20080105||Sean Street investigates the history of the cultural battle between the BBC and commercial radio, which predates the pirate music stations of the 1960s by several decades.|
|Snowy Streets Of St Petersburg||20080112||Martin Sixsmith explores the lives and works of artists and writers who fled the former Eastern Bloc.|
He revisits archive interviews with Josef Brodsky, Vladimir Nabokov and Isaiah Berlin, explores the writings of Pushkin and others, and talks to contemporary writers Josef Skvorecky, Antonin Liehm and Andrei Makine.
He is joined by Maria Rubins, an expert on East European literature.
|Same Time, Same Place, Next Year||20080119||Malcolm Taylor, the English Folk Dance and Song Society's librarian, follows archivist Doc Rowe, who has been returning to the same places at the same time for more than 40 years to record, photograph and film annual events such as the Obby Osses dancing through the streets of Padstow on May Day, the Burry Man of South Queensferry on the second Friday in August and the building of the Penny Hedge in Whitby on Ascension Eve.|
|50 Years Of Ban The Bomb||20080126||Marking half a cerntury of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Matthew Parris assesses the organisation's impact.|
Have CND's arguments been naive and misguided, or has the campaign been instrumental in putting pressure on politicians and raising crucial issues about nuclear weapons that are increasingly relevant today?
|Munich And The Making Of Manchester United||20080202||Michael Crick recalls the Munich air disaster of 6 February 1958, in which 23 people, including eight Manchester United players, lost their lives.|
Survivors, family members and key figures remember the events of a black day in European soccer history.
|Mods!||20080209||A look back at the Mod movement of the 1960s, featuring a mix of archive, music, original interview and narrative.|
|Gould's Mind||20080216||Piers Plowright looks back at the career of the brilliant Canadian pianist Glenn Gould, who abandoned the concert platform to produce a series of ground-breaking documentaries for radio and TV, which offered tantalising glimpses into the complex mind of their creator.|
|Putting It Simply||20080223||Kathy Sykes charts the way that science has been seen and heard on radio and television, from the postwar lectures on the Third Programme to the animation of Walking with Dinosaurs.|
|The Larkin Tapes||20080301||Paul Farley tells the extraordinary story of two tapes by poet Philip Larkin, recorded by BBC sound engineer John Weeks, which remained hidden on a cluttered shelf in a garage for 25 years.|
Hailed as one of the most significant literary finds in recent years, the tapes include readings of 26 of Larkin's chosen poems.
Contributors include Larkin's biographer Andrew Motion, writer John Banville, friend Jean Hartley and actress Jill Balcon
|Alan Parker On David Lean||20080308||Alan Parker offers a personal impression of David Lean on the centenary of the director's birth.|
Lean's screen credits range from Brief Encounter to A Passage to India.
Directors Hugh Hudson and Mike Figgis join Alan to unravel a career spanning five decades.
Archive interviews highlight the life and work of this dedicated disciplinarian whose eye for visual perfection often meant his actors didn't feel part of the picture.
|1968: The My Lai Tapes||20080315||Robert Hodierne reveals the truth about the infamous My Lai massacre of 16 March 1968, based on the transcript of a Pentagon enquiry conducted by Lt General William Peers.|
The findings of the investigation were so uncomfortable for the US Military that they were suppressed.
Some 400 hours of tape show that US soldiers raped and murdered hundreds of civilians in not just one but three villages in an orgy of killing that proved to be a turning point in the Vietnam War.
|Wunderkind!||20080322||Mark Lawson celebrates the centenary of the great conductor Herbert von Karajan, under whose direction the Berlin Philharmonic became a sleek and sophisticated machine producing consistently brilliant performances.|
Yet Karajan could also be a tyrant, and even his biographer admits that he could be a high-handed bully.
He also enjoyed life in the fast lane, with a predilection for fast cars and aircraft which he loved to control with the same supreme skill that he brought to the concert platform.
|Britain's Business Problem||20080329||Robert Peston investigates Britain's difficulty with the world of commerce.|
Twenty-five years on from the rise of popular capitalism, do we understand the profit motive any better than we ever did?
|Giving Way To A New Era||20080405||Microphones were allowed into the House of Commons on a regular basis for the first time on 3 April 1978.|
John Sergeant and Tony Benn look back through the archives, exploring how regular broadcasting changed the relationship between parliamentarians and the media and, ultimately, the relationship between politicians and the people they serve.
Contributors include Margaret Beckett, Kenneth Clarke, David Steel and historian Asa Briggs.
|Not Like That, Like This||20080412||Julian Worricker looks back at 60 years of BBC masterclasses revealing how great musicians approach their craft.|
He asks what is being taught in these lessons and what makes them such riveting broadcasting.
Contributors include Steven Isserlis and Maxim Vengerov, and artists featured in archive recordings include Georg Solti, Paul Tortelier and Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
|A Rage In Dalston||20080419||Alan Dein uncovers a little known story of postwar conflict.|
For four years after 1945, London and the South East witnessed vicious confrontations between the remnants of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists and Jewish ex-servicemen organised in the 43 Group.
Operating beyond the law, the latter were fuelled by rage, guilt at the fate of Europe's Jews, and British policy in Palestine.
Their goal was to drive fascism from the streets and silence its message forever.
|Kington's Last Tapes||20080426||Tony Staveacre presents highlights from conversations with his friend Miles Kington, recorded shortly before the latter's death.|
Kington talks funnily and frankly about his childhood, his love of jazz and his career as a musician humorous writer and broadcaster.
Archive material from some of Miles's memorable broadcasts completes a moving tribute to one of the most popular newspaper writers of his time.
|Adventures In The Bbc Archives||20080503||Former Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd uses the BBC Archives to explore the life of his predecessor Anthony Eden.|
Eden's reputation is forever associated with the 1956 Suez crisis, but Hurd begins his journey much earlier with rare recordings of his radio talks and speeches from the 1930s before becoming Foreign Secretary at the age of 38.
He goes on to explore Eden's role in the front line of Churchill's government and his central role in settling the Indo-Chinese War in 1954.
|The Terrible Truth||20080510||Tom Robinson takes a nostalgic look back at the public service educational publications of the 1950s, 60s and 70s.|
Record companies and health educators issued a steady stream of documentary albums, radio programmes and films to educate parents and warn the young about the perils of drugs, alcohol and even the opposite sex.
Some were broadcast on TV, others sold in record stores, shown in the cinema or projected to giggling children in school assembly.
Tom reflects that while the tone and style may have changed, the messages are still relevant and contemporary.
|When Seagulls Follow The Trawler||20080517||Former Daily Mail Head of Sport Bryan Cooney chronicles the souring of the love affair between sports stars and the media.|
Journalists and sportsmen used to be good friends, but the relationships that once flourished between the two factions have foundered, to be replaced by suspicion and mistrust.
When and why did it all go wrong?
|Reith At 60 - 1||20080524||Professor Laurie Taylor marks the 60th anniversary of the Reith Lectures, charting their evolution, controversies and influence.|
|Reith At 60 -2||20080531|
|The Dream Time Of Jazz||20080607||Marybeth Hamilton recalls an extraordinary ten-hour interview conducted in 1938 by the 23-year-old folklorist Alan Lomax with the pioneering jazz composer Jelly Roll Morton.|
Conducted over several sessions, the interview was recorded on wax discs and deposited at the Library of Congress.
Lomax's aim was to illuminate the folk roots of jazz, and aficionados believe that he succeeded.
The interview is now regarded as seminal document that shaped the writing of jazz history.
|The Ration Book Olympics||20080614||As debate continues over the funding of the 2012 Olympics, Clare Balding looks back at the last time that the Games came to London in 1948.|
Three years after the end of the Second World War, Britain was still gripped by austerity.
Rationing was still in force, severe bomb damage was still much in evidence and no new sports facilities could be built.
Visiting athletes were put up in schools and RAF camps.
Yet the Games were a resounding success and actually made a profit.
Clare meets athletes who competed in 1948, including cyclist Tommy Godwin, who won two bronze medals, and Dorothy Manley, who won silver in the athletics.
She also talks to Roger Bannister who, although not a competitor in 1948, saved the day for the British team in the opening ceremony.
The programme also includes voices from the archives, including Fanny Blankers-Koen, who won four gold medals.
|Like Blackpool Went Through Rock||20080621||Sean Street recalls the Radio Ballads, a series which began in 1958 and mixed original voices and sounds with specially composed music.|
|The Ballad Of The Radio Feature||20080628||A look at the history and evolution of the radio documentary feature, a hybrid form which can sometimes appear closer to music or poetry than to news reporting.|
The list of contributors features some of the finest feature-makers of their generation, including Chris Brookes, Berit Hedemann, Kaye Mortley, Robyn Ravlich, Edwin Brys, Simon Elmes, Mark Berman, Sarah Taylor and Piers Plowright
|Piper Alpha's Legacy||20080705||Two decades on from the world's worst offshore oil disaster, Mark Stephen explores Piper Alpha's legacy, for individuals and for the oil industry as a whole, and asks how much concerns about offshore work and safety in the North Sea have changed as the years have passed.|
|20080712||An exploration of the blackout on 13 July 1977 that plunged a sweltering and near-bankrupt New York City into chaos as the lights went out at 9.27pm.|
Music stations switched to rolling news and the sound of store alarms was the prelude to a night of fear and unprecedented lawlessness.
|The Dirtiest Race In History||20080719||BBC athletics commentator Steve Cram talks to Ben Johnson about the infamous men's 100 metres race at the 1988 Seoul Olympics.|
Johnson won, only to be stripped of his gold medal after failing a drugs test.
He talks about the events leading up to the race, his feelings as he handed back his medal and the impact on his life back home in Canada.
|Carry On Britain||20080726||20081225|
|The first Carry On film was made 50 years ago.|
Carolyn Quinn asks what the series tells us about British society over three decades.
Marking the 50 years since the first Carry On Film came out, Carolyn Quinn asks what the Carry On films tell us about British society between the late 1950' and 1970's.
Carolyn Quinn looks at the Carry On films and asks what they tell us about British society between the late 1950s and the late 1970s.
Carolyn Quinn asks what the Carry On series of films tells us about British society.
|The Man Who Invented Stereo||20080802||Martin Shankleman profiles Alan Blumlein, an unsung but remarkable inventor.|
During the 1930s he devised the world's first stereo recording system and many of the key features of television.
He went on to pioneer radar systems that played a major role in Allied victory in the Second World War.
Yet his untimely death on a secret radar testing mission has left his name relatively unknown.
Had he lived, according to a colleague, he would have been seen as the Michael Faraday of the 20th Century.
|Love At The Lighthouse||20080809||Sue MacGregor explores the controversial life of Marie Stopes.|
One of feminism's most complex icons, Stopes is remembered not only as the founder of modern birth control but also of the Portland Museum in Dorset, where locals recall her penchant for nude sunbathing and tireless anti-litter campaigns.
The programme features previously unaired personal recordings, testimony from women whose lives she changed, and revealing personal insights from her son.
|Fortress Totobag: The Story Of The Notting Hill Riots||20080816||Henry Bonsu recalls the Notting Hill riots of August 1958.|
At 9 Blenheim Crescent, known as Fortress Totobag, fighting between West Indians and teddy boys reached a peak on Monday September 1.
The cafe acted as a community centre and information bureau for newcomers to the area, but also served as a gambling den and Caribbean music venue.
As white hostility to the growing black presence grew, tensions erupted into violence.
Contributors include Velma Davis, Clarence Thompson, Marika Sherwood and Alex Pascall.
|With God On Our Side||20080823||20091024|
|Amid the horrors of war, what makes one man turn to God and another to atheism? Former Bishop of Edinburgh Richard Holloway explores what happens to faith when one's life is on the line.|
Richard Holloway explores what happens to faith when one's life is on the line.
|Liverpool - Sinner And Saint||20080830||Stewart Henderson looks at the changing face of Liverpool through the years.|
He finds a city of highs and lows, ranging from pride in its contribution to the swinging sixties to gloom at its record on crime and urban decay.
But the current mood is one of regeneration, and the city is this year's European Capital of Culture.
|Then Was The Winter Of Our Discontent||20080906||Anne Perkins recalls the causes, impact and significance of the wave of strikes which swept across Britain during the winter of 1978/9.|
|The Shanghai Sailors||20080913||Chinese seafarers made up a considerable proportion of the merchant navy fleet during the Second World War.|
But after the war was over, they were not as welcome in Britain as they had been and hundreds of Shanghai sailors were hurriedly repatriated.
Ivan Howlett tells the story of those Chinese seafarers from Liverpool, and hears from the children they were forced to leave behind.
|The Voices In My Head||20080920||Julian Rhind-Tutt explores how actors archive the sounds of their own voices.|
How does an actor live with the voice in his head and the voice he sounds like?
|Julian Baggini's Sound Philosophy||20080927||Philosopher Julian Baggini explores the recordings of the sound archives to illustrate how our relationship to the past and present is changing.|
|King Of Comedy||20081004||Angus Deayton presents a tribute to the influential comedy producer, writer and performer Geoffrey Perkins, who died recently.|
When Geoffrey Perkins was killed recently in a road accident, the world of British comedy was united in mourning for a unanimously admired talent and much-loved friend.
From success in the Oxford Revue and at the Edinburgh Festival, Geoffrey moved into radio comedy at the BBC, and was instrumental in the success of such hit series as Week Ending, I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
He also enjoyed success as a writer and performer on Radio Active, which he wrote and appeared in with Angus Deayton.
His work on a host of TV classics, including Spitting Image, Father Ted and The Fast Show, led to his appointment as Head of Comedy for the BBC, a position that he used to continue nurturing the best of British comedy talent until his untimely death.
Clive Anderson, Michael Portillo, Graham Linehan, John Lloyd and many others offer their own personal tributes.
|The Palace And The Beeb||20081011||David Cannadine traces 75 years of the BBC's relationship with the Royal Family, from the awed reverence of the early Richard Dimbleby broadcasts, through royal marriages, divorces, deaths and It's a Royal Knockout.|
He discovers how the Palace reacted to the dramatic revelations made by Diana, Princess of Wales, in her Panorama interview, and hears what the BBC's royal correspondent Nicholas Witchell thought of being branded 'that awful man' by Prince Charles.
With contributions from former Palace press officers, the film-maker and author of On Royalty Edward Mirzoeff, Jeremy Paxman and the BBC's official historian Professor Jean Seaton
|How Radio Comedy Changed A Nation||20081018||20081225|
|Nicholas Parsons explores the history of radio comedy and its impact on British life.|
Nicholas Parsons explores how radio comedy has developed and how it reveals much about the way the British live.
Through rarely-heard archive material and interviews with writers, performers and comedians, he investigates the impact that radio comedy has had upon the nation.
Including contributions from Paul Merton, Barry Cryer, Ray Galton and Alan Simpson and Sanjeev Bhaskar.
Featuring rarely-heard archive material, Nicholas Parsons explores how radio comedy has developed and how it reveals much about the way the British live.
Nicholas Parsons explores how laughter on the airwaves has been a barometer of British social mores.
With Paul Merton.
Nicholas Parsons shows how laughter on the airwaves has been a barometer of social mores.
|Saigon Songs - The Lansdale Tapes||20081101||Martin Bell tells the story of American general Ed Lansdale's musical plan to win 'hearts and minds' in pre-Tet Offensive Vietnam.|
In the mid-1960s, before America began to lose the war, military intelligence officer Lansdale taped sessions of GIs singing their war songs alongside Vietnamese colleagues at his villa in Saigon.
He sent them to the President, but the tapes - and the lessons they contained - were ignored.
Broadcast for the first time, Martin Bell plays the Lansdale tapes, and tells the story of those involved in making them.
|Adventures In The Bbc Archives||20081108||Former head of MI5 Dame Stella Rimington uses the BBC archives to examine the impact of the 'Cambridge spies' on the British establishment, and on her own life.|
She listens to rare recordings of Donald Maclean, of friends of Burgess reminiscing about him, and of key moments in the unfolding of the story, such as the day Mrs Thatcher revealed 'Fourth Man' Anthony Blunt's identity.
She explores how their treachery continued to reverberate throughout her own time in the security service, and finds out more about Burgess's time working as a producer at the BBC.
|Fair Play Chaps||20081115||The writer DJ Taylor assesses whether or not modern sport has lost its way and if the era of sporting fair play has gone for ever.|
Using archive material, the programme revisits some great moments of sportsmanship, such as Jack Nicklaus conceding an 18th-hole putt to Tony Jacklin in the 1969 Ryder Cup, to assess whether or not such attitudes are becoming rarer.
In the modern era, awash as it so often is with money and celebrity, Taylor asks if something similar would ever happen now.
|Here's Kenny||20081122||Music journalist Mark Paytress reassesses the pioneering disc jockey and comedian Kenny Everett and his place in broadcasting history.|
Through interviews and rare archive material, Mark examines Everett's innovative broadcasting style and colourful private life, as well as his little-known work with his friends The Beatles.
Featuring contributions from Tony Blackburn, Keith Skues and fans of his work in the 1960s for pirate radio.
|Studs Terkel - Back In The Wax Museum||20081129||Alan Dein looks back at the life of the late American oral historian Studs Terkel.|
Alan Dein looks back at the life of the American oral historian Studs Terkel, who died earlier this month.
Includes unique archive material from Terkel's own collection of recordings covering almost 50 years of interviews and broadcasts.
|The King And Dr Cannon||20081206||Sean Stowell tells the strange story of a yogic doctor from Yorkshire and his role in the Edward VIII abdication crisis.|
Dr Alexander Cannon was a qualified psychiatrist who practised hypnosis and, according to archives, used spirit mediums to 'advise' the King on how to deal with problems, including his alcoholism.
He also dabbled in the occult, which heightened the Church and prime minister Stanley Baldwin's concern about his role as a close confidante to the King.
New research and access to previously unheard tapes sheds new light on the Yorkshire Yogi's part in the abdication crisis and suggests a cover-up between the Establishment and the contemporary press.
|Home Recorded Voices||20081220||Sean Street introduces recordings from individuals' domestic archives.|
Sean Street goes in search of the audio archives to be found in the attics, cellars and understairs cupboards across the country.
From the late 1950s, people with a passion for sound were purchasing reel-to-reel tape machines and recording audio letters, diaries, family histories and even their own 'radio' programmes.
In the company of Richard Harrison, a collector of domestic recordings and Tony Crimlisk, who has been making such recordings since 1957, Sean uncovers the social history of home-recorded voices.
|Snowy Streets Of St Petersburg||20081225||Martin Sixsmith explores the lives of artists and writers who fled the former Eastern Bloc|
Martin Sixsmith explores the lives and works of artists and writers who fled the former Eastern Bloc.
He revisits archive interviews with Josef Brodsky, Vladimir Nabokov and Isaiah Berlin, explores the writings of Pushkin and others, and talks to contemporary writers Josef Skvorecky, Antonin Liehm and Andrei Makine.
He is joined by Maria Rubins, an expert on East European literature.
|Rediscovering Your Inner Durrell||20081227||Naturalist Bridget Nicholls reflects on the life of conservationist Gerald Durrell.|
Gerald Durrell's best-seller My Family and Other Animals was published 50 years ago.
Naturalist Bridget Nicholls, who was inspired to choose her line of work by Durrell's books, reflects on the extraordinary life of this pioneering conservationist as she walks and talks with his widow Lee around the world-famous zoo he founded in Jersey.
|The Bow Dialogues||20090103||20090105||Joan Bakewell revisits the series of debates that took place in St Mary-le-Bow church in London from 1964 to 1979 between unconventional churchman Joseph McCulloch and the writers, politicians and actors of the day.|
Visiting speakers were asked to engage with contemporary moral issues, resulting in memorable talks including Diana Rigg on sexual freedom, Peter Cook on life, death and Satan and Enoch Powell on race.
The programme features archive recordings and contributions from Sheila Hancock, Margaret Drabble, Denis Norden, Katharine Whitehorn and Eileen Atkins
|Beat Mining With The Vinyl Hoover||20090328||20090330||Broadcaster Toby Amies digs into the archives to discover the value and significance of old vinyl.|
He uncovers a network of dealers and buyers, supplying a community of 'crate diggers' and 'beat miners' and a world in which samples from records bought for a few pence in a car boot sale can provide the basis for a million-selling hit.
|The People's Republic Of Hulme||20100807||20100809||How a huge concrete housing estate became a lawless but creative slum - and what followed.|
25 years ago, the Manchester district of Hulme became so difficult for the city council to administer that they left many of the residents to their own devices - with surprising results.
Europe's biggest concentration of deck-access concrete flats, the "crescents" (a nod to the Georgian crescents of Bath), had, after only two years, been declared unfit for families to live in, and within ten years, become unheated, pest-infested slums.
The police refused to patrol anywhere above ground level - including the "decks" - and so the Crescents went unpatrolled.
Rent was always cheap in Hulme, but as life on the Crescents deteriorated, the council stopped charging rent entirely.
The result, to some, was anarchy, with widespread crime and squatting.
Other people found the freedom to be incredibly creative.
Residents didn't only cover the grey concrete surfaces in graffiti - they converted the flats into recording studios and illegal nightclubs, such as The Kitchen, fashioned from three knocked-through flats, where during the rise of "acid house" in the late 1980s, the music provided a very much wilder alternative to the nearby Hacienda club.
Many Mancunians still value this version of Hulme.
Hulme may not have been a good place to raise a young family, but for anyone young and in need of cheap or free accomodation, or work-space, Hulme could provide them.
With Manchester's two universities, and the city centre, only ten minutes' walk away, Hulme was also conveniently central.
Hulme also had a history of groundbreaking culture - it had its own arts cinema the Aaben, and in the late 1970s Tony Wilson had promoted the first Factory nights at the Russell Club in Hulme, before the Hacienda was ever built.
Hulme was also politically radical.
Tamil refugee, Viraj Mendis, fighting extradition in 1986, took refuge in the Church of the Ascension, Hulme, for two years, and was defended by a weekly demonstration that marched from Hulme to stop the traffic on Oxford Road.
Police eventually entered the church and arrested him.
Creative movers including Nico, Alain Delon, Sasha, Mike Pickering, A Guy Called Gerald, the Ruthless Rap Assassins, and Mark Kermode himself, who all lived in, and sometimes performed in, what was otherwise a vast slum.
But the crime levels rose after the city's second "summer of love" gave rise to stronger, deadlier drugs and the spread of criminal gangs.
Traveller-communities, and veterans of radical environmental protest, arrived in customised buses.
The continuous party atmosphere went on, but the writing, for Hulme's low-rise apartment blocks and crescents, was on the wall.
When the Crescents were demolished, in the early 1990s, it was filmed, commemorating the final flattening of what for them had become a bohemian peoples' republic.
In fact much of the period this programme looks into - from the 1970s to the mid-90s - coincides with rise of home-video and a strong, local independent film-making mini-industry.
This programme will utilise an archive drawn from Manchester's former Film and Video Workshop, which helped in the making of video documentaries like "No Place Like Hulme" (1989) and super-8 films like "No City Fun" (1978) which were made in Hulme at the time.
But as far back as the 1940s, the planning of the concrete crescents had been predicted in a government-funded film, "A City Speaks" - where the former landscape, of Victorian back-to-back terraced houses was juxtaposed with sleek, modernist visions for what eventually became the low-rise concrete Hulme built in the late 1960s and early 70s.
On the soundtrack, the Halle Orchestra blasted out Wagner's Ride of the Valkeries.
Hulme always seems to have inspired dramatic musical accompaniment.
And like the beginning, the end of Hulme was also well-documented.
1993's Hulme Demolition Sound System and the amazing night-time performance given by theatre group Dogs of Heaven, when cars were pushed off the top of one of the floodlit Crescents, will provide another high-point in a programme tracing the story of this defiant, expressive, chaotic centre for regional popular culture.
|The Feynman Variations||20100918||20100920||Brian Cox presents a tribute to Richard Feynman. Widely regarded as the finest physicist of his generation and the most influential since Einstein, Feynman did much to popularise science, through lectures, books and television, not least his revelation at a press conference in which he demonstrated the exact cause of the Challenger Shuttle explosion in 1986.|
Described as the 'Mozart of physics', Feynman's amazing life and career seemingly had no end of highlights. A student at MIT and then Princeton (where he obtained an unprecedented perfect score on the entrance exam for maths and physics), he was drafted onto the Manhattan Project as a junior scientist. There his energy and talents made a significant mark on two of the project's leaders, Robert Oppenheimer and Hans Bethe. The latter would become Feynman's lifelong mentor and friend. Bethe called his student "a magician", setting him apart from other scientists as 'no ordinary genius'. In 1965, Feynman shared a Nobel Prize for his unique contribution to the field of Quantum Electrodynamics making him the most celebrated, influential and best known American Physicist of his generation.
He was possessed with a remarkable ability not only to understand the inner workings of the natural world but also to communicate them to the rest of us, as revealed in his best selling books and landmark television series. As curious as he was clever, Feynman not only made great contributions to physics, but also to other branches of science and is widely acknowledged as the father of nanotechnology.
In this programme we hear from colleagues, friends and former students as well as the great man himself about the beauty of nature and the importance of science to our understanding of the world.
Producer: Rami Tzabar.
Brian Cox presents a tribute to the genius of physicist Richard Feynman.
Brian Cox presents a tribute to Richard Feynman.
Widely regarded as the finest physicist of his generation and the most influential since Einstein, Feynman did much to popularise science, through lectures, books and television, not least his revelation at a press conference in which he demonstrated the exact cause of the Challenger Shuttle explosion in 1986.
Described as the 'Mozart of physics', Feynman's amazing life and career seemingly had no end of highlights.
A student at MIT and then Princeton (where he obtained an unprecedented perfect score on the entrance exam for maths and physics), he was drafted onto the Manhattan Project as a junior scientist.
There his energy and talents made a significant mark on two of the project's leaders, Robert Oppenheimer and Hans Bethe.
The latter would become Feynman's lifelong mentor and friend.
Bethe called his student "a magician", setting him apart from other scientists as 'no ordinary genius'.
In 1965, Feynman shared a Nobel Prize for his unique contribution to the field of Quantum Electrodynamics making him the most celebrated, influential and best known American Physicist of his generation.
He was possessed with a remarkable ability not only to understand the inner workings of the natural world but also to communicate them to the rest of us, as revealed in his best selling books and landmark television series.
As curious as he was clever, Feynman not only made great contributions to physics, but also to other branches of science and is widely acknowledged as the father of nanotechnology.
|Alexei At The Seaside With The Unions|
|Stella Rimington||20081108 (R7)|
|Ex-head of MI5 Stella Rimmington explains the impact on her of Burgess, Maclean and others|
Former head of MI5 Dame Stella Rimington uses the BBC archives to examine the impact of the 'Cambridge spies' on the British establishment, and on her own life.
She listens to rare recordings of Donald Maclean, of friends of Burgess reminiscing about him, and of key moments in the unfolding of the story, such as the day Mrs Thatcher revealed 'Fourth Man' Anthony Blunt's identity. She explores how their treachery continued to reverberate throughout her own time in the security service, and finds out more about Burgess's time working as a producer at the BBC.