BBC Africa Debate [world Service]

Episodes

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27/05/2016 GMT20160527

27/05/2016 GMT20160527

In Lusaka, Zambia, BBC Africa Debate asks the question - How will Africa solve its water crisis?

27/05/2016 Gmt20160527

In Lusaka, Zambia, BBC Africa Debate asks the question - How will Africa solve its water crisis?

Africa Rising - Can The Middle Class Drive Growth?20130628

We debate what the African middle class is; how fast it is growing, and what impact it ...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa Rising - Can The Middle Class Drive Growth?2013062820130630 (WS)

We debate what the African middle class is; how fast it is growing, and what impact it ...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa Rising - Can The Middle Class Drive Growth?2013062820130630 (WS)

We debate what the African middle class is; how fast it is growing, and what impact it.

We debate what the African middle class is; how fast it is growing, and what impact it is having on economies and governance.

Africa Rising - Who Benefits?2013062120130623 (WS)

African economic growth has come with inequality. We explore growth in Nigeria and how it fits the perception of Africa Rising.

Africa Rising: Who Benefits?2013062120130623 (WS)

Africa, once dubbed the hopeless continent, is now hopeful, according to the Economist, with six of the world's ten fastest-growing economies in Africa. Whilst investors are losing faith in stagnant or collapsing economies in Europe and elsewhere, they are increasingly excited about Africa's new boom.

But African economic growth has come with inequality. In programme one we explore growth in Nigeria and how it fits the perception of Africa rising.

Nigeria’s economy, as with that of many countries in Africa, is heavily dependent on the extractive industry – which drives growth but rarely creates substantial employment for local people. The official unemployment rate is nearly one in four, but many more Nigerians are under-employed, working in irregular and badly-paid jobs in the informal sector.

Nearly 85 per cent of Nigerians still live on under $2 per day. Lack of reliable access to water and electricity is a daily frustration for many. Yet there has been consistent economic growth in the country for the past decade – growing, on average, by 7.4% per year according to the most recent African Economic Outlook report. So who is benefiting from the boom?

(Image: A cyclist rides past detached three-bedroom apartments at Haggai Estate in Ogun State, Nigeria, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa Rising: Who Benefits?2013062120130623 (WS)

Africa, once dubbed the hopeless continent, is now hopeful, according to the Economist, with six of the world's ten fastest-growing economies in Africa. Whilst investors are losing faith in stagnant or collapsing economies in Europe and elsewhere, they are increasingly excited about Africa's new boom.

But African economic growth has come with inequality. In programme one we explore growth in Nigeria and how it fits the perception of Africa rising.

Nigeria’s economy, as with that of many countries in Africa, is heavily dependent on the extractive industry – which drives growth but rarely creates substantial employment for local people. The official unemployment rate is nearly one in four, but many more Nigerians are under-employed, working in irregular and badly-paid jobs in the informal sector.

Nearly 85 per cent of Nigerians still live on under $2 per day. Lack of reliable access to water and electricity is a daily frustration for many. Yet there has been consistent economic growth in the country for the past decade – growing, on average, by 7.4% per year according to the most recent African Economic Outlook report. So who is benefiting from the boom?

(Image: A cyclist rides past detached three-bedroom apartments at Haggai Estate in Ogun State, Nigeria, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa Rising: Who Benefits?2013062120130623 (WS)

Nigeria's economy is growing by 7.4% per year on average. But who benefits from the boom?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa, once dubbed the hopeless continent, is now hopeful, according to the Economist, with six of the world's ten fastest-growing economies in Africa. Whilst investors are losing faith in stagnant or collapsing economies in Europe and elsewhere, they are increasingly excited about Africa's new boom.

But African economic growth has come with inequality. In programme one we explore growth in Nigeria and how it fits the perception of Africa rising.

Nigeria’s economy, as with that of many countries in Africa, is heavily dependent on the extractive industry – which drives growth but rarely creates substantial employment for local people. The official unemployment rate is nearly one in four, but many more Nigerians are under-employed, working in irregular and badly-paid jobs in the informal sector.

Nearly 85 per cent of Nigerians still live on under $2 per day. Lack of reliable access to water and electricity is a daily frustration for many. Yet there has been consistent economic growth in the country for the past decade – growing, on average, by 7.4% per year according to the most recent African Economic Outlook report. So who is benefiting from the boom?

(Image: A cyclist rides past detached three-bedroom apartments at Haggai Estate in Ogun State, Nigeria, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa Rising: Who Benefits?20130621

Nigeria's economy is growing by 7.4% per year on average. But who benefits from the boom?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa, once dubbed the hopeless continent, is now hopeful, according to the Economist, with six of the world's ten fastest-growing economies in Africa. Whilst investors are losing faith in stagnant or collapsing economies in Europe and elsewhere, they are increasingly excited about Africa's new boom.

But African economic growth has come with inequality. In programme one we explore growth in Nigeria and how it fits the perception of Africa rising.

Nigeria’s economy, as with that of many countries in Africa, is heavily dependent on the extractive industry – which drives growth but rarely creates substantial employment for local people. The official unemployment rate is nearly one in four, but many more Nigerians are under-employed, working in irregular and badly-paid jobs in the informal sector.

Nearly 85 per cent of Nigerians still live on under $2 per day. Lack of reliable access to water and electricity is a daily frustration for many. Yet there has been consistent economic growth in the country for the past decade – growing, on average, by 7.4% per year according to the most recent African Economic Outlook report. So who is benefiting from the boom?

(Image: A cyclist rides past detached three-bedroom apartments at Haggai Estate in Ogun State, Nigeria, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa's Fragile Health Systems and Global Epidemics2014092620140928 (WS)

Do failed health systems in Africa make epidemics inevitable?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Ebola has so far killed over 2,800 people in parts of west Africa – that is more than all previous Ebola epidemics combined. So what has made this epidemic so severe? Do failed health systems in Africa make epidemics inevitable?

This edition of the Africa Debate is presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Graham Easton from Accra, Ghana. There are no confirmed Ebola cases in Ghana to date, but it is preparing for the worst.

(Photo: A baby at a hospital in Juba, South Sudan, AFP)

Africa's Fragile Health Systems and Global Epidemics20140926

Do failed health systems in Africa make epidemics inevitable?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Ebola has so far killed over 2,800 people in parts of west Africa – that is more than all previous Ebola epidemics combined. So what has made this epidemic so severe? Do failed health systems in Africa make epidemics inevitable?

This edition of the Africa Debate is presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Graham Easton from Accra, Ghana. There are no confirmed Ebola cases in Ghana to date, but it is preparing for the worst.

(Photo: A baby at a hospital in Juba, South Sudan, AFP)

Africa's Fragile Health Systems And Global Epidemics20140926

Ebola has so far killed over 2,800 people in parts of west Africa – that is more than all previous Ebola epidemics combined. President Obama has warned the outbreak could pose a global security threat. The UN has warned cases could treble to 20,000 by November, unless efforts to tackle the outbreak are not stepped up.

So what has made this epidemic so severe? To what extent are fragile health systems to blame - or are regional and international responses at fault?

This edition of the Africa Debate is presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Graham Easton from Accra, Ghana. There are no confirmed Ebola cases in Ghana to date, but it is preparing for the worst.

Africa's global image: Justified or prejudiced?20120427

BBC Africa Debate discusses the issue of Africa's international image in Kampala.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

BBC Africa Debate discusses the issue of Africa's international image in Kampala.

There will be some who argue that the way the continent has been portrayed is a true reflection of what is happening in several countries, such as Uganda.

And that no amount of spin can wash the country if there are no meaningful reforms.

They argue that such countries have to clean up in order to be viewed more positively.

Some argue that Africa can only influence her image abroad if it gets to control/own part of the global media market.

There is also a growing buzz of businessmen who feel that Africa's image is changing and that the continent labelled by The Economist in 2000 as the "Hopeless Continent", is now rising.

Last year, the same magazine pointed out that over the past decade, six of the world's ten fastest-growing countries were African; and this trend looks set to continue.

BBC Africa Debate will be asking: Africa's international image, is it justified or prejudiced?

What do people mean when they invoke the name "Africa"?

Do they refer to a race? A geography?

What informs the global image of the continent?

To what extent does it reflect reality - is the portrayal the problem or is the product faulty?

Why have attempts to clean up the continent's image been unsuccessful?

Can Africa ever influence the way it is portrayed globally?

Panellists: Thebe Ikalafeng, Robert Kabushenga, plus an audience of invited guests.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Fergus Nicoll.

(Image: A malnourished child in Sahel. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa's global image: Justified or prejudiced?20120429

BBC Africa Debate discusses the issue of Africa's international image in Kampala.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

BBC Africa Debate discusses the issue of Africa's international image in Kampala.

There will be some who argue that the way the continent has been portrayed is a true reflection of what is happening in several countries, such as Uganda.

And that no amount of spin can wash the country if there are no meaningful reforms.

They argue that such countries have to clean up in order to be viewed more positively.

Some argue that Africa can only influence her image abroad if it gets to control/own part of the global media market.

There is also a growing buzz of businessmen who feel that Africa's image is changing and that the continent labelled by The Economist in 2000 as the "Hopeless Continent", is now rising.

Last year, the same magazine pointed out that over the past decade, six of the world's ten fastest-growing countries were African; and this trend looks set to continue.

BBC Africa Debate will be asking: Africa's international image, is it justified or prejudiced?

What do people mean when they invoke the name "Africa"?

Do they refer to a race? A geography?

What informs the global image of the continent?

To what extent does it reflect reality - is the portrayal the problem or is the product faulty?

Why have attempts to clean up the continent's image been unsuccessful?

Can Africa ever influence the way it is portrayed globally?

Panellists: Thebe Ikalafeng, Robert Kabushenga, plus an audience of invited guests.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Fergus Nicoll.

(Image: A malnourished child in Sahel. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa's Global Image: Justified Or Prejudiced?20120429

BBC Africa Debate discusses the issue of Africa's international image in Kampala.

There will be some who argue that the way the continent has been portrayed is a true reflection of what is happening in several countries, such as Uganda.

And that no amount of spin can wash the country if there are no meaningful reforms.

They argue that such countries have to clean up in order to be viewed more positively.

Some argue that Africa can only influence her image abroad if it gets to control/own part of the global media market.

There is also a growing buzz of businessmen who feel that Africa's image is changing and that the continent labelled by The Economist in 2000 as the "Hopeless Continent", is now rising.

Last year, the same magazine pointed out that over the past decade, six of the world's ten fastest-growing countries were African; and this trend looks set to continue.

BBC Africa Debate will be asking: Africa's international image, is it justified or prejudiced?

What do people mean when they invoke the name "Africa"?

Do they refer to a race? A geography?

What informs the global image of the continent?

To what extent does it reflect reality - is the portrayal the problem or is the product faulty?

Why have attempts to clean up the continent's image been unsuccessful?

Can Africa ever influence the way it is portrayed globally?

Panellists: Thebe Ikalafeng, Robert Kabushenga, plus an audience of invited guests.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Fergus Nicoll.

(Image: A malnourished child in Sahel. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Africa's Young Population - Opportunity Or Risk?2014013120140202 (WS)

The average age in Africa is 18. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some econo...

The average age in Africa is 18. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some economists suggest, or a ticking time bomb?

Africa's Young Population - Opportunity Or Risk?2014013120140202 (WS)

The average age in Africa is 18. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some economists suggest, or a ticking time bomb?

The average age in Africa is 18. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some econo...

Africa's Young Population - Opportunity or Risk?2014013120140202 (WS)

The average age in Africa is 18. What does this mean for the future of the continent?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

The average age in Africa is 18. Forty-six per cent of Malawians are under 15. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some economists suggest, or a ticking time bomb for Africa - with so many mouths to feed and so many young people out of work?

Picture: Secondary school girls in Malawi, Credit: Amos Gumulira/AFP/Getty Images

Africa's Young Population - Opportunity or Risk?20140131

The average age in Africa is 18. What does this mean for the future of the continent?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

The average age in Africa is 18. Forty-six per cent of Malawians are under 15. Is this an opportunity for the continent as some economists suggest, or a ticking time bomb for Africa - with so many mouths to feed and so many young people out of work?

Picture: Secondary school girls in Malawi, Credit: Amos Gumulira/AFP/Getty Images

Are Artists Free To Tell Their Own Stories?2013030120130302 (WS)

Making films in the developing world. What are the successes and the challenges?

As Fespaco opens, Africa's biggest film festival featuring movies from across the continent, we consider the successes in the developing world's cinema output.

But what are the political, financial and logistical challenges still faced by film makers and artists in Africa and beyond? Censorship, distribution, funding, language, the Hollywood version of their stories versus the versions they want to tell - all limit film-makers story-telling abilities.

Will the likes of Nollywood and Bollywood ever be able to compete with Hollywood – and if so, how? What defines 'success' anyway – is it always commercial?

(Image: A man walks past a video shop, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Are artists free to tell their own stories?2013030120130302 (WS)

Making films in the developing world. What are the successes and the challenges?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

As Fespaco opens, Africa's biggest film festival featuring movies from across the continent, we consider the successes in the developing world's cinema output.

But what are the political, financial and logistical challenges still faced by film makers and artists in Africa and beyond? Censorship, distribution, funding, language, the Hollywood version of their stories versus the versions they want to tell - all limit film-makers story-telling abilities.

Will the likes of Nollywood and Bollywood ever be able to compete with Hollywood – and if so, how? What defines 'success' anyway – is it always commercial?

(Image: A man walks past a video shop, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Are artists free to tell their own stories?20130301

Making films in the developing world. What are the successes and the challenges?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

As Fespaco opens, Africa's biggest film festival featuring movies from across the continent, we consider the successes in the developing world's cinema output.

But what are the political, financial and logistical challenges still faced by film makers and artists in Africa and beyond? Censorship, distribution, funding, language, the Hollywood version of their stories versus the versions they want to tell - all limit film-makers story-telling abilities.

Will the likes of Nollywood and Bollywood ever be able to compete with Hollywood – and if so, how? What defines 'success' anyway – is it always commercial?

(Image: A man walks past a video shop, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Are the International Media Getting Africa Right?2013083020130901 (WS)

What do African audiences want from the BBC - and is the BBC delivering?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

For decades, the BBC has dominated the media landscape in many countries in Africa. How much do you trust your national broadcaster and other international media - enough to switch off the BBC? Over the years, BBC output has evolved as audience demands have changed and competition has increased – from radio, TV and digital media. What is the place of the BBC in Africa today? What do audiences want from the broadcaster – and is the BBC delivering? How should the BBC change or adapt in order to retain or increase its influence? This programme is a rare opportunity for listeners in Africa to put their questions to the director of the BBC World Service, Peter Horrocks. It is one of three debates and discussions ahead of the transition of the BBC World Service to funding by UK audiences in April 2014.

Picture: A young boy with broadcasting equipment, Credit: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Are the International Media Getting Africa Right?20130830

What do African audiences want from the BBC - and is the BBC delivering?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

For decades, the BBC has dominated the media landscape in many countries in Africa. How much do you trust your national broadcaster and other international media - enough to switch off the BBC? Over the years, BBC output has evolved as audience demands have changed and competition has increased – from radio, TV and digital media. What is the place of the BBC in Africa today? What do audiences want from the broadcaster – and is the BBC delivering? How should the BBC change or adapt in order to retain or increase its influence? This programme is a rare opportunity for listeners in Africa to put their questions to the director of the BBC World Service, Peter Horrocks. It is one of three debates and discussions ahead of the transition of the BBC World Service to funding by UK audiences in April 2014.

Picture: A young boy with broadcasting equipment, Credit: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Are The International Media Getting Africa Right?20130830

What do African audiences want from the BBC, and is the BBC delivering? Listeners question the Director of BBC World Service.

Are The International Media Getting Africa Right?2013083020130901 (WS)

What do African audiences want from the BBC, and is the BBC delivering? Listeners question the Director of BBC World Service.

For decades, the BBC has dominated the media landscape in many countries in Africa. How much do you trust your national broadcaster and other international media - enough to switch off the BBC? Over the years, BBC output has evolved as audience demands have changed and competition has increased – from radio, TV and digital media. What is the place of the BBC in Africa today? What do audiences want from the broadcaster – and is the BBC delivering? How should the BBC change or adapt in order to retain or increase its influence? This programme is a rare opportunity for listeners in Africa to put their questions to the director of the BBC World Service, Peter Horrocks. It is one of three debates and discussions ahead of the transition of the BBC World Service to funding by UK audiences in April 2014.

Picture: A young boy with broadcasting equipment, Credit: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Are women winning the power battle in Africa?20120928

BBC Africa Debate looks at women in power \u2013 in politics, business, and management.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

BBC Africa Debate comes from Malawi this month and asks whether African women are winning the power battle.

Presented by Audrey Brown from Lilongwe, the debate takes a look at change brought about by African women who have made inroads into traditionally male spheres such as politics, business, the church and management.

In the past 12 months, two African women have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize - Leymah Gbowee and President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, both from Liberia.

Gambia's Fatou Bensouda became the first female chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court; South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma became the first female chair of the African Union Commission; and the continent gained its second female president as Joyce Banda took the helm in Malawi.

New constitutions in Kenya and Somalia guarantee women a minimum 30% representation in parliament.

A record number of women were sworn in as legislators as Senegal's new parliament was inaugurated last August.

Rwanda has long boasted the highest percentage of female parliamentarians in the world.

However, while many African countries exceed the global average for female parliamentarians and ministers, the World Economic Forum's most recent Global Gender Gap report says that less than one in four managers, legislators or senior officials is a woman in most African countries.

And they are even further behind in the classroom. In fact, when it comes to access to education, sub-Saharan Africa is the most unequal region in the world.

Of the 30 countries with the biggest gap between male and female literacy rates, 23 of them are in Africa. So, how much has really changed?

We want to know whether women perform any differently from their male counterparts, and should they be expected to?

What barriers remain for women with leadership ambitions?

Are affirmative action and quota systems necessary – do they even work?

We will ask whether last year's landmark appointments are part of a wider trend, and how much attitudes towards women in power have changed.

BBC Africa Debate will engage key speakers including politicians, policy-makers, gender activists, business people and professionals such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, as well as religious leaders, writers, journalists, academics and students.

The panel includes:

• Loveness Gondwe, a former MP who founded her own party to stand as the only female candidate in the 2009 presidential election in Malawi

• Bishop Patricia Pindeni, former businesswoman who ran her own successful PR company for 17 years before leaving the Catholic church to set up her ministry

• Seodi White, Executive Director of Women and Law in Southern Africa - Malawi, leading gender activist and scholar

(Image: Malawi President Joyce Hilda Mtila Banda addresses the 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters. Credit: AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)

Are Women Winning The Power Battle In Africa?2012092820120930 (WS)

BBC Africa Debate will be looking at women in power in Africa – in politics, in business and in management.

Are the landmark appointments of the last year part of a wider trend, an acceptance in women's leadership more generally?

How much have attitudes towards women changed?

What barriers remain for women with leadership ambitions – and how can they be overcome?

Are affirmative action and quota systems necessary and do they work?

What difference do women in leadership make anyway?

Do they perform any differently from their male counterparts, and should they be expected to?

Are women on the rise in Africa?

BBC Africa Debate looks at women in power – in politics, business, and management.

Are women winning the power battle in Africa?20120930

BBC Africa Debate looks at women in power \u2013 in politics, business, and management.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

BBC Africa Debate comes from Malawi this month and asks whether African women are winning the power battle.

Presented by Audrey Brown from Lilongwe, the debate takes a look at change brought about by African women who have made inroads into traditionally male spheres such as politics, business, the church and management.

In the past 12 months, two African women have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize - Leymah Gbowee and President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, both from Liberia.

Gambia's Fatou Bensouda became the first female chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court; South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma became the first female chair of the African Union Commission; and the continent gained its second female president as Joyce Banda took the helm in Malawi.

New constitutions in Kenya and Somalia guarantee women a minimum 30% representation in parliament.

A record number of women were sworn in as legislators as Senegal's new parliament was inaugurated last August.

Rwanda has long boasted the highest percentage of female parliamentarians in the world.

However, while many African countries exceed the global average for female parliamentarians and ministers, the World Economic Forum's most recent Global Gender Gap report says that less than one in four managers, legislators or senior officials is a woman in most African countries.

And they are even further behind in the classroom. In fact, when it comes to access to education, sub-Saharan Africa is the most unequal region in the world.

Of the 30 countries with the biggest gap between male and female literacy rates, 23 of them are in Africa. So, how much has really changed?

We want to know whether women perform any differently from their male counterparts, and should they be expected to?

What barriers remain for women with leadership ambitions?

Are affirmative action and quota systems necessary – do they even work?

We will ask whether last year's landmark appointments are part of a wider trend, and how much attitudes towards women in power have changed.

BBC Africa Debate will engage key speakers including politicians, policy-makers, gender activists, business people and professionals such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, as well as religious leaders, writers, journalists, academics and students.

The panel includes:

• Loveness Gondwe, a former MP who founded her own party to stand as the only female candidate in the 2009 presidential election in Malawi

• Bishop Patricia Pindeni, former businesswoman who ran her own successful PR company for 17 years before leaving the Catholic church to set up her ministry

• Seodi White, Executive Director of Women and Law in Southern Africa - Malawi, leading gender activist and scholar

(Image: Malawi President Joyce Hilda Mtila Banda addresses the 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters. Credit: AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)

Can Africa Afford Free Education?20160129

Can Africa Afford Free Education?20160129

As classrooms across Africa reopen for the new term, university students in South Africa have vowed to step up their #feesmustfall protests and demands for free education. From January, Tanzania’s new President John Magufuli has ordered free education for all school children attending state primary and secondary school. “And when I say free education, I indeed mean free,? he said. Tanzania was one of 15 African countries – including Ghana, Ethiopia and Kenya - to abolish school fees in the early 2000s.

(Photo: Pupils attend a lesson in the yard of Saint-Paul cathedral in Bangui, 2014. Credit: Sia Kambou/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa Afford Free Education?2016012920160131 (WS)

Does free education mean a reduction in quality as critics of the policy argue?

As classrooms across Africa reopen for the new term, university students in South Africa have vowed to step up their #feesmustfall protests and demands for free education. From January, Tanzania’s new President John Magufuli has ordered free education for all school children attending state primary and secondary school. “And when I say free education, I indeed mean free,? he said. Tanzania was one of 15 African countries – including Ghana, Ethiopia and Kenya - to abolish school fees in the early 2000s.

(Photo: Pupils attend a lesson in the yard of Saint-Paul cathedral in Bangui, 2014. Credit: Sia Kambou/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa Afford Free Education?2016012920160131 (WS)

Does free education mean a reduction in quality as critics of the policy argue?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

As classrooms across Africa reopen for the new term, university students in South Africa have vowed to step up their #feesmustfall protests and demands for free education. From January, Tanzania’s new President John Magufuli has ordered free education for all school children attending state primary and secondary school. “And when I say free education, I indeed mean free,” he said. Tanzania was one of 15 African countries – including Ghana, Ethiopia and Kenya - to abolish school fees in the early 2000s.

(Photo: Pupils attend a lesson in the yard of Saint-Paul cathedral in Bangui, 2014. Credit: Sia Kambou/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa Afford Free Education?2016012920160131 (WS)

Does free education mean a reduction in quality as critics of the policy argue?

Can Africa set the science agenda?2013032920130330 (WS)

Scientists from around the world consider the state of science on the continent.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

This edition of the BBC Africa Debate comes from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, where the BBC is hosting a science festival. We bring together scientists from across Africa and around the world to consider the state of science on the continent. With the majority of funding coming from outside the continent, are African scientists in control of their own research agendas? Is African science meeting Africa’s needs – and can it be used to drive growth on the continent? One Ghanaian doctor cites the fact that many children who were admitted with cancer come from a particular area of the country, but there doesn’t appear to be any effort to research the reasons why.

Funding bodies themselves insist that it is local partners who design their projects. Sir John Savill, Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council in the UK, insists that his organisation has a "grass roots up" approach, which results in researchers based in Africa setting the local MRC agenda. Some African countries have tried to move away from the old reliance on outside funding – although not always to great effect. Uganda's government chose not to renew a low-interest science loan from the World Bank in 2010, for example, pledging to provide the money itself. But the money was not allocated in that year’s budget. The Ugandan government has also so far failed to establish a promised science ministry.

Ghanaian-born Nasa scientist Dr Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, believes that scientists in Africa need to be pragmatic. If it wasn't for foreign funding, there would be no research happening on the continent at all. At least students are trained, labs are built and infrastructure is put in place. Some will argue that, when much of the continent's population is still living without basic necessities, is it right for vast amounts of money to be spent on experiments that may never yield tangible results for years, or even decades?

(Image: A lab technician. Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa set the science agenda?2013032920130331 (WS)

Scientists from around the world consider the state of science on the continent.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

This edition of the BBC Africa Debate comes from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, where the BBC is hosting a science festival. We bring together scientists from across Africa and around the world to consider the state of science on the continent. With the majority of funding coming from outside the continent, are African scientists in control of their own research agendas? Is African science meeting Africa’s needs – and can it be used to drive growth on the continent? One Ghanaian doctor cites the fact that many children who were admitted with cancer come from a particular area of the country, but there doesn’t appear to be any effort to research the reasons why.

Funding bodies themselves insist that it is local partners who design their projects. Sir John Savill, Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council in the UK, insists that his organisation has a "grass roots up" approach, which results in researchers based in Africa setting the local MRC agenda. Some African countries have tried to move away from the old reliance on outside funding – although not always to great effect. Uganda's government chose not to renew a low-interest science loan from the World Bank in 2010, for example, pledging to provide the money itself. But the money was not allocated in that year’s budget. The Ugandan government has also so far failed to establish a promised science ministry.

Ghanaian-born Nasa scientist Dr Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, believes that scientists in Africa need to be pragmatic. If it wasn't for foreign funding, there would be no research happening on the continent at all. At least students are trained, labs are built and infrastructure is put in place. Some will argue that, when much of the continent's population is still living without basic necessities, is it right for vast amounts of money to be spent on experiments that may never yield tangible results for years, or even decades?

(Image: A lab technician. Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa set the science agenda?20130329

Scientists from around the world consider the state of science on the continent.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

This edition of the BBC Africa Debate comes from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, where the BBC is hosting a science festival. We bring together scientists from across Africa and around the world to consider the state of science on the continent. With the majority of funding coming from outside the continent, are African scientists in control of their own research agendas? Is African science meeting Africa’s needs – and can it be used to drive growth on the continent? One Ghanaian doctor cites the fact that many children who were admitted with cancer come from a particular area of the country, but there doesn’t appear to be any effort to research the reasons why.

Funding bodies themselves insist that it is local partners who design their projects. Sir John Savill, Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council in the UK, insists that his organisation has a "grass roots up" approach, which results in researchers based in Africa setting the local MRC agenda. Some African countries have tried to move away from the old reliance on outside funding – although not always to great effect. Uganda's government chose not to renew a low-interest science loan from the World Bank in 2010, for example, pledging to provide the money itself. But the money was not allocated in that year’s budget. The Ugandan government has also so far failed to establish a promised science ministry.

Ghanaian-born Nasa scientist Dr Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, believes that scientists in Africa need to be pragmatic. If it wasn't for foreign funding, there would be no research happening on the continent at all. At least students are trained, labs are built and infrastructure is put in place. Some will argue that, when much of the continent's population is still living without basic necessities, is it right for vast amounts of money to be spent on experiments that may never yield tangible results for years, or even decades?

(Image: A lab technician. Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images)

Can Africa Set The Science Agenda?2013032920130330 (WS)
20130331 (WS)

This edition of the BBC Africa Debate comes from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, where the BBC is hosting a science festival. We bring together scientists from across Africa and around the world to consider the state of science on the continent. With the majority of funding coming from outside the continent, are African scientists in control of their own research agendas? Is African science meeting Africa’s needs – and can it be used to drive growth on the continent? One Ghanaian doctor cites the fact that many children who were admitted with cancer come from a particular area of the country, but there doesn’t appear to be any effort to research the reasons why.

Funding bodies themselves insist that it is local partners who design their projects. Sir John Savill, Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council in the UK, insists that his organisation has a "grass roots up" approach, which results in researchers based in Africa setting the local MRC agenda. Some African countries have tried to move away from the old reliance on outside funding – although not always to great effect. Uganda's government chose not to renew a low-interest science loan from the World Bank in 2010, for example, pledging to provide the money itself. But the money was not allocated in that year’s budget. The Ugandan government has also so far failed to establish a promised science ministry.

Ghanaian-born Nasa scientist Dr Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, believes that scientists in Africa need to be pragmatic. If it wasn't for foreign funding, there would be no research happening on the continent at all. At least students are trained, labs are built and infrastructure is put in place. Some will argue that, when much of the continent's population is still living without basic necessities, is it right for vast amounts of money to be spent on experiments that may never yield tangible results for years, or even decades?

(Image: A lab technician. Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images)

Scientists from around the world consider the state of science on the continent.

Scientists from around the world consider the state of science on the continent.

This edition of the BBC Africa Debate comes from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, where the BBC is hosting a science festival. We bring together scientists from across Africa and around the world to consider the state of science on the continent. With the majority of funding coming from outside the continent, are African scientists in control of their own research agendas? Is African science meeting Africa’s needs – and can it be used to drive growth on the continent? One Ghanaian doctor cites the fact that many children who were admitted with cancer come from a particular area of the country, but there doesn’t appear to be any effort to research the reasons why.

Funding bodies themselves insist that it is local partners who design their projects. Sir John Savill, Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council in the UK, insists that his organisation has a "grass roots up" approach, which results in researchers based in Africa setting the local MRC agenda. Some African countries have tried to move away from the old reliance on outside funding – although not always to great effect. Uganda's government chose not to renew a low-interest science loan from the World Bank in 2010, for example, pledging to provide the money itself. But the money was not allocated in that year’s budget. The Ugandan government has also so far failed to establish a promised science ministry.

Ghanaian-born Nasa scientist Dr Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, believes that scientists in Africa need to be pragmatic. If it wasn't for foreign funding, there would be no research happening on the continent at all. At least students are trained, labs are built and infrastructure is put in place. Some will argue that, when much of the continent's population is still living without basic necessities, is it right for vast amounts of money to be spent on experiments that may never yield tangible results for years, or even decades?

(Image: A lab technician. Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images)

Can democracy deliver for Africa?2013092720130929 (WS)

Is a Western model of democracy always the best means of governance in Africa?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Is a Western model of democracy always the best means of governance in Africa? Is it working? What does it mean to be democratic anyway? Does electoral victory imply a 'winner takes all' approach - giving the victorious party a mandate to rule without accountability - and should it? This is one of the most popular and frequent suggestions from debate listeners.

Can democracy deliver for Africa?20130927

Is a Western model of democracy always the best means of governance in Africa?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Is a Western model of democracy always the best means of governance in Africa? Is it working? What does it mean to be democratic anyway? Does electoral victory imply a 'winner takes all' approach - giving the victorious party a mandate to rule without accountability - and should it? This is one of the most popular and frequent suggestions from debate listeners.

Can Renewables Meet Africa's Energy Needs?20150605

Can African leaders minimise emissions greenhouse gas emissions despite needing more en...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Can You Trademark Culture?20170929

"In Cape Town, this month's BBC Africa Debate discusses when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We discuss when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt. Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

The BBC's Mayeni Jones and Pooneh Ghoddoosi discuss these questions with an audience of artists and designers.

Photo: THABO MAKHETHA (TMCOLLECTIVE)

"

Can You Trademark Culture?20170929

In Cape Town, this month's BBC Africa Debate discusses when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We discuss when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt. Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

The BBC's Mayeni Jones and Pooneh Ghoddoosi discuss these questions with an audience of artists and designers.

Photo: THABO MAKHETHA (TMCOLLECTIVE)

Can You Trademark Culture?20170929

In Cape Town, this month's BBC Africa Debate discusses when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We discuss when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt. Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

The BBC's Mayeni Jones and Pooneh Ghoddoosi discuss these questions with an audience of artists and designers.

Photo: THABO MAKHETHA (TMCOLLECTIVE)

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we'll focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We'll be discussing when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt.
Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? And isn't the world richer from the sharing of cultural creations? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

Can You Trademark Culture?20170929

In Cape Town, this month's BBC Africa Debate discusses when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we'll focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We'll be discussing when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt.
Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? And isn't the world richer from the sharing of cultural creations? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

September's Africa Debate comes from Cape Town, a hub of design and fashion, where we focus on the appropriation of national or traditional designs, crafts and symbols by mostly western high-end brands and artists. We discuss when and how cultural borrowing turns into cultural appropriation.

Accusations of appropriation range from the Damian Hurst sculptures at the Venice Biennale - which he says are stylistically similar to celebrated works from Nigeria's Kingdom of Ife but critics say are carbon copies. To Lesotho blanket makers whose designs now adorn a very expensive Louis Vuitton shirt. Is it wrong? Isn't art and design all about drawing inspiration from other cultures? Or should certain African cultural symbols and products be off-limits to non-Africans - given the history of cultural looting by outsiders that has deprived African communities from controlling and benefiting from their own cultural heritage?

The BBC's Mayeni Jones and Pooneh Ghoddoosi discuss these questions with an audience of artists and designers.

Photo: THABO MAKHETHA (TMCOLLECTIVE)

Can youth protest bring about lasting change?20160615

Can youth protest bring about lasting change?2016061520160619 (WS)

Forty years after the Soweto uprising, we debate if youth protests can bring about lasting change Presented by Audrey Brown.

Can youth protest bring about lasting change?20160615

With 200 million people aged 15 to 24, Africa has the most youthful population in the world according to a study by the Africa Development Bank. In the past few years across the continent, young people have played a key part in movements that changed governments in Tunisia, Senegal and Burkina Faso.

But can youth protests bring about lasting change? Do the young people need to be violent to be heard?

.

Can Youth Protest Bring About Lasting Change?2016061520160619 (WS)

With 200 million people aged 15 to 24, Africa has the most youthful population in the world according to a study by the Africa Development Bank. In the past few years across the continent, young people have played a key part in movements that changed governments in Tunisia, Senegal and Burkina Faso.

But can youth protests bring about lasting change? Do the young people need to be violent to be heard?

Forty years after the Soweto uprising, we debate if youth protests can bring about lasting change Presented by Audrey Brown.

China in Africa: Partner or plunderer?20120525

Has China's involvement in Africa been sensationalised by the West?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Has China's involvement in Africa been sensationalised by the West?

Is China a genuine partner or just a plunderer of Africa's resources?

Who is benefiting from China's growth in Africa?

China has a well-designed strategy for dealing with African countries, and is clear and open about its objectives in Africa.

But what about African countries, what is their agenda?

What is driving Africa's sudden interest in China?

Do African countries have clear strategies or are they just meekly responding to an unfolding development?

Is China an opportunity for African countries to finally unlock their economic potential or a menace to Africa's development?

These are some of the questions BBC Africa Debate will attempt to address in Zambia, at the new Goverment Complex in Lusaka.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Yuwen Wu will address these questions in front of an audience of about 100 invited guests including Zambian Vice President Guy Scott, politicians, civil society activists, trade unionists, religious leaders, academics, students and leading journalists as well as Zambian and Chinese business executives.

China In Africa: Partner Or Plunderer?2012052520120527

Has China's involvement in Africa been sensationalised by the West?

Is China a genuine partner or just a plunderer of Africa's resources?

Who is benefiting from China's growth in Africa?

China has a well-designed strategy for dealing with African countries, and is clear and open about its objectives in Africa.

But what about African countries, what is their agenda?

What is driving Africa's sudden interest in China?

Do African countries have clear strategies or are they just meekly responding to an unfolding development?

Is China an opportunity for African countries to finally unlock their economic potential or a menace to Africa's development?

These are some of the questions BBC Africa Debate will attempt to address in Zambia, at the new Goverment Complex in Lusaka.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Yuwen Wu will address these questions in front of an audience of about 100 invited guests including Zambian Vice President Guy Scott, politicians, civil society activists, trade unionists, religious leaders, academics, students and leading journalists as well as Zambian and Chinese business executives.

These are some of the questions BBC Africa Debate will attempt to address in Zambia, at the Goverment Complex, Lusaka.

Among the 100 invited guests will be Zambian Vice President Guy Scott, Former Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda, Zambian and Chinese businessmen, politicians, civil society activists, trade unionists, religious leaders, academics, students and media executives.

China in Africa: Partner or plunderer?20120527

Has China's involvement in Africa been sensationalised by the West?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Has China's involvement in Africa been sensationalised by the West?

Is China a genuine partner or just a plunderer of Africa's resources?

Who is benefiting from China's growth in Africa?

China has a well-designed strategy for dealing with African countries, and is clear and open about its objectives in Africa.

But what about African countries, what is their agenda?

What is driving Africa's sudden interest in China?

Do African countries have clear strategies or are they just meekly responding to an unfolding development?

Is China an opportunity for African countries to finally unlock their economic potential or a menace to Africa's development?

These are some of the questions BBC Africa Debate will attempt to address in Zambia, at the new Goverment Complex in Lusaka.

Presenters Akwasi Sarpong and Yuwen Wu will address these questions in front of an audience of about 100 invited guests including Zambian Vice President Guy Scott, politicians, civil society activists, trade unionists, religious leaders, academics, students and leading journalists as well as Zambian and Chinese business executives.

Did the Arab Spring do More Harm Than Good?20141121

Events in Tunisia led to mass uprisings, but also increasing radicalisation

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

The BBC Africa Debate comes ahead of the presidential elections in Tunisia on 23 November – the first regular presidential elections since the overthrow of President Ben Ali in 2010 and the adoption of a new constitution.

Those events led to mass uprisings and regime change across the region and while there is some hope for democracy in Tunisia, there are also worrying trends, with thousands of young Tunisians known to be fighting for Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

Meanwhile, there is also military government in Egypt, no end in sight to brutal conflict in Syria and chaos in Libya – which some analysts say has led to free flow of arms across a region which is increasingly radicalised. Join Akwasi Sarpong, Owen Bennett Jones and a panel of experts in Tunisia as they ask if the Tunisians were aware of what they were starting.

Do Failed Health Systems In Africa Make Global Epidemics Inevitable?2014092620140928 (WS)

Do failed health systems in Africa make epidemics inevitable?

Ebola has so far killed over 2800 people in parts of West Africa – that’s more than all previous Ebola epidemics combined. President Obama has warned the outbreak could pose a global security threat. The UN has warned cases could treble to 20,000 by November unless efforts to tackle the outbreak are not stepped up.

So what has made this epidemic so severe? To what extent are fragile health systems to blame - or are regional and international responses at fault?

This edition of the Africa Debate is presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Graham Easton from Accra, Ghana. There are no confirmed Ebola cases in Ghana to date, but it is preparing for the worst.

Do Inheritance Laws Make Second-class Citizens Of Women?20131024

African inheritance laws favour men. What does this mean for women across the continent?

Do Inheritance Laws Make Second-class Citizens of Women?20131024

African inheritance laws favour men. What does this mean for women across the continent?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

In many countries across Africa inheritance laws still favour men. Some argue that giving property to daughters and widows undermines links between a people and their ancestral home others say this is outdated - and that denying women property also forces them into poverty.

In Botswana, the High Court recently backed three sisters against their nephew's claim to the family home. The old law was said to be unconstitutional because it violated gender equality. But how much have things really changed - and do they need to? What is the wider impact of inheritance practices for women in Africa?

Join Bola Mosuro and an invited panel of guests discuss if inheritance laws make second-class citizens of women.

Picture: A woman carrying water in Uganda, Credit: Cecile Wright

Do Inheritance Laws Make Second-class Citizens Of Women?20131024

African inheritance laws favour men. What does this mean for women across the continent?

In many countries across Africa inheritance laws still favour men. Some argue that giving property to daughters and widows undermines links between a people and their ancestral home others say this is outdated - and that denying women property also forces them into poverty.

In Botswana, the High Court recently backed three sisters against their nephew's claim to the family home. The old law was said to be unconstitutional because it violated gender equality. But how much have things really changed - and do they need to? What is the wider impact of inheritance practices for women in Africa?

Join Bola Mosuro and an invited panel of guests discuss if inheritance laws make second-class citizens of women.

Picture: A woman carrying water in Uganda, Credit: Cecile Wright

Do Inheritance Laws Make Second-class Citizens Of Women?20131024

In many countries across Africa inheritance laws still favour men. Some argue that giving property to daughters and widows undermines links between a people and their ancestral home others say this is outdated - and that denying women property also forces them into poverty.

In Botswana, the High Court recently backed three sisters against their nephew's claim to the family home. The old law was said to be unconstitutional because it violated gender equality. But how much have things really changed - and do they need to? What is the wider impact of inheritance practices for women in Africa?

Join Bola Mosuro and an invited panel of guests discuss if inheritance laws make second-class citizens of women.

Picture: A woman carrying water in Uganda, Credit: Cecile Wright

Extreme Islamist Violence20151002

Extreme Islamist Violence20151002

Experts and activists discuss the lure of Jihad to young Britons, and how Islamic State, Boko Haram and Al Shabab operate.

Extreme Islamist Violence20151002

Experts and activists discuss the lure of Jihad to young Britons, and how Islamic State, Boko Haram and Al Shabab operate.

Extreme Islamist Violence20151002

Experts and activists discuss the lure of Jihad to young Britons, and how Islamic State, Boko Haram and Al Shabab operate.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Has Africa outgrown development aid?20150714

How relevant or necessary is development aid in Africa today?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Ten years ago, the UK-government-led Commission for Africa was launched at the British Museum. It coincided with a popular global movement to Make Poverty History in Africa, a revival of Live Aid concerts, and a string of promises from G8 leaders to increase aid to Africa. The Commission encouraged partnership between Africa and the developed world, rather than a relationship of dependency. Is this happening? A decade on, how relevant or necessary is development aid? Is Africa now in a position to be an agent of its own progress?

(Photo: A labourer walks along a metro-line under construction in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa. Credit: Reuters)

Has Ebola Changed Anything?20151211

Has Ebola Changed Anything?20151211

In Freetown, Sierra Leone, we debate the Ebola crisis. Has Africa and the wider world done enough to prevent another outbreak?

Has Ebola Changed Anything?2015121120151213 (WS)

In Freetown, Sierra Leone, we debate the Ebola crisis. Has Africa and the wider world done enough to prevent another outbreak?

Has Ebola Changed Anything?2015121120151213 (WS)

In Freetown, Sierra Leone, we debate the Ebola crisis. Has Africa and the wider world done enough to prevent another outbreak?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Has Ebola Changed Anything?2015121120151213 (WS)

In Freetown, Sierra Leone, we debate the Ebola crisis. Has Africa and the wider world done enough to prevent another outbreak?

How Welcome Are Africans In The Uk?2013112920131201 (WS)

Akwasi Sarpong and Mark Easton lead a debate in Slough in the United Kingdom, examining...

Akwasi Sarpong and Mark Easton lead a debate in Slough in the United Kingdom, examining the country's new immigration policies.

How Welcome are Africans in the UK?2013112920131201 (WS)

How attitudes to immigration affect Africans living in - and coming to - the UK

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

There’s a rising tide of anti-immigration sentiment in the British media and a growth in support for anti-immigration political parties. A proposed new immigration bill, currently before the British parliament, would introduce tough checks on non EU citizens living in the UK. The government has also promised to reduce net migration from outside Europe. How will changing laws and attitudes affect Africans living in the UK – and those who want to come?

Picture: Refugees living in Britain wearing paper crowns for the Queen's jubilee, Credit: Andrew Cowie/AFP/GettyImages

How Welcome are Africans in the UK?20131129

How attitudes to immigration affect Africans living in - and coming to - the UK

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

There’s a rising tide of anti-immigration sentiment in the British media and a growth in support for anti-immigration political parties. A proposed new immigration bill, currently before the British parliament, would introduce tough checks on non EU citizens living in the UK. The government has also promised to reduce net migration from outside Europe. How will changing laws and attitudes affect Africans living in the UK – and those who want to come?

Picture: Refugees living in Britain wearing paper crowns for the Queen's jubilee, Credit: Andrew Cowie/AFP/GettyImages

International Justice - Is Africa On Trial?20120330

Akwasi Sarpong and Karen Allen chair a debate on international justice as Africans question the role of the ICC.

Akwasi Sarpong and Karen Allen chair a debate on international justice as Africans ques.

International justice: Is Africa on trial?20120330

Is the International Criminal Court (ICC) placing an undue emphasis on Africa?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

While human rights advocates and victims of human rights violations appreciate the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in international justice, some politicians and experts have accused the international court of placing undue emphasis on Africa.

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, whose government had earlier referred the LRA rebel group case to the ICC, complained that, while Africa supported and participated in the formation of the court, "the way it is being implemented [makes] it seem like it is only Africans committing crimes".

All the court's active cases are from the continent.

Supporters of the court argue that most investigations to date have been determined by referrals, either by African states or the Security Council.

"Why are African leaders not celebrating this focus on African victims?" asked former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, who mediated Kenya's post-election crisis.

"Is the court's failure to help victims outside Africa a reason to leave the calls of African victims unheeded?"

The ICC's incoming chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensoudais, from The Gambia says - if anything, the focus on the continent "shows commitment by African leaders to international criminal justice - African governments are saying impunity must end".

Some critics, however, have gone as far as accusing the ICC of politicising justice in Africa and undermining other alternatives such as reconciliation and traditional justice.

Some question the fact that three veto-wielding Security Council members (China, Russia and the USA) have not signed up to the ICC.

Their nationals would therefore never be referred to the court.

So is Africa on trial?

BBC Africa Debate will be discussing the issue in front of a live audience in Nairobi, panellists include:

• Fadi El Abdallah - Spokesperson & Head of the Public Affairs Unit, International Criminal Court

• Barney Afako - Ugandan lawyer and expert on transitional justice

• Donald Deya - Chief Executive of the Pan African Lawyers Union

Presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Karen Allen.

(Image: A wooden gavel. Credit: 1998 EyeWire, Inc.)

International justice: Is Africa on trial?20120401

Is the International Criminal Court (ICC) placing an undue emphasis on Africa?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

While human rights advocates and victims of human rights violations appreciate the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in international justice, some politicians and experts have accused the international court of placing undue emphasis on Africa.

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, whose government had earlier referred the LRA rebel group case to the ICC, complained that, while Africa supported and participated in the formation of the court, "the way it is being implemented [makes] it seem like it is only Africans committing crimes".

All the court's active cases are from the continent.

Supporters of the court argue that most investigations to date have been determined by referrals, either by African states or the Security Council.

"Why are African leaders not celebrating this focus on African victims?" asked former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, who mediated Kenya's post-election crisis.

"Is the court's failure to help victims outside Africa a reason to leave the calls of African victims unheeded?"

The ICC's incoming chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensoudais, from The Gambia says - if anything, the focus on the continent "shows commitment by African leaders to international criminal justice - African governments are saying impunity must end".

Some critics, however, have gone as far as accusing the ICC of politicising justice in Africa and undermining other alternatives such as reconciliation and traditional justice.

Some question the fact that three veto-wielding Security Council members (China, Russia and the USA) have not signed up to the ICC.

Their nationals would therefore never be referred to the court.

So is Africa on trial?

BBC Africa Debate will be discussing the issue in front of a live audience in Nairobi, panellists include:

• Fadi El Abdallah - Spokesperson & Head of the Public Affairs Unit, International Criminal Court

• Barney Afako - Ugandan lawyer and expert on transitional justice

• Donald Deya - Chief Executive of the Pan African Lawyers Union

Presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Karen Allen.

(Image: A wooden gavel. Credit: 1998 EyeWire, Inc.)

International Justice: Is Africa On Trial?20120401

While human rights advocates and victims of human rights violations appreciate the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in international justice, some politicians and experts have accused the international court of placing undue emphasis on Africa.

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, whose government had earlier referred the LRA rebel group case to the ICC, complained that, while Africa supported and participated in the formation of the court, "the way it is being implemented [makes] it seem like it is only Africans committing crimes".

All the court's active cases are from the continent.

Supporters of the court argue that most investigations to date have been determined by referrals, either by African states or the Security Council.

"Why are African leaders not celebrating this focus on African victims?" asked former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, who mediated Kenya's post-election crisis.

"Is the court's failure to help victims outside Africa a reason to leave the calls of African victims unheeded?"

The ICC's incoming chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensoudais, from The Gambia says - if anything, the focus on the continent "shows commitment by African leaders to international criminal justice - African governments are saying impunity must end".

Some critics, however, have gone as far as accusing the ICC of politicising justice in Africa and undermining other alternatives such as reconciliation and traditional justice.

Some question the fact that three veto-wielding Security Council members (China, Russia and the USA) have not signed up to the ICC.

Their nationals would therefore never be referred to the court.

So is Africa on trial?

BBC Africa Debate will be discussing the issue in front of a live audience in Nairobi, panellists include:

• Fadi El Abdallah - Spokesperson and Head of the Public Affairs Unit, International Criminal Court

• Barney Afako - Ugandan lawyer and expert on transitional justice

• Donald Deya - Chief Executive of the Pan African Lawyers Union

Presented by Akwasi Sarpong and Karen Allen.

(Image: A wooden gavel. Credit: 1998 EyeWire, Inc.)

Is the International Criminal Court (ICC) placing an undue emphasis on Africa?

Is Africa under threat from Islamist extremists?2013053120130602 (WS)

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true? ...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true? And if it is, how big is the threat?

(Photo: Nigerian army forces retake the north-eastern town of Gwoza, believed to be the headquarters of militant Islamist group Boko Haram, 27 March 2015. Credit: Tomi Oladipo, BBC)

Is Africa under threat from Islamist extremists?20130531

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true? ...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true? And if it is, how big is the threat?

(Photo: Nigerian army forces retake the north-eastern town of Gwoza, believed to be the headquarters of militant Islamist group Boko Haram, 27 March 2015. Credit: Tomi Oladipo, BBC)

Is Africa Under Threat From Islamist Extremists?2013053120130602 (WS)

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true?

Many see Africa as a breeding ground for violent Islamist extremism. But is this true? And if it is, how big is the threat?

Is An African spring necessary?20120127

After the Arab Spring, is Africa ready for its own democratic leap forward?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

It's one year this week (27 Jan) since the people of Tunisia and Egypt against their autocratic governments.

Three presidents have so far been deposed in the so-called Arab Spring.

As the protestors took to the streets in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, there were high hopes amongst observers and commentators that the Arab Spring would spread down the river Nile.

There have been pockets of protests and demonstrations in several Sub-Saharan African countries.

Many of them related to harsh economic conditions and legitimate claims on authority in those countries.

While ripple effects from the Arab Spring are visible across the continent, the protests in the south have failed to topple any of the continent's leaders.

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to some of the world's longest serving and oldest leaders - 19 of whom have been in power for a decade or more.

Why has there been no African Spring? Is an African Spring necessary?

The debate is chaired by Alex Jakana and Sam Farah.

THE PANEL
Dr. George Ayittey
A Ghanaian economist, author and president of the Free Africa Foundation in Washington DC. He is a professor at American University, and an associate scholar at the Foreign Policy Research Institute.

Anne Mugisha
Ugandan opposition activist and co-ordinator of the Activists for change movement that organised the "walk to work" protests earlier in 2011 in Uganda.

Kuseni Dlamini
A South African political analyst.

(Image: Protesters gather at Gani Fawehinmi square during a protest against a fuel subsidy removal in Lagos, Nigeria. Credit: Reuters)

Is An African Spring Necessary?20120127

It's one year this week (27 Jan) since the people of Tunisia and Egypt against their autocratic governments.

Three presidents have so far been deposed in the so-called Arab Spring.

As the protestors took to the streets in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, there were high hopes amongst observers and commentators that the Arab Spring would spread down the river Nile.

There have been pockets of protests and demonstrations in several Sub-Saharan African countries.

Many of them related to harsh economic conditions and legitimate claims on authority in those countries.

While ripple effects from the Arab Spring are visible across the continent, the protests in the south have failed to topple any of the continent's leaders.

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to some of the world's longest serving and oldest leaders - 19 of whom have been in power for a decade or more.

Why has there been no African Spring? Is an African Spring necessary?

The debate is chaired by Alex Jakana and Sam Farah.

THE PANEL

Dr. George Ayittey

A Ghanaian economist, author and president of the Free Africa Foundation in Washington DC. He is a professor at American University, and an associate scholar at the Foreign Policy Research Institute.

Anne Mugisha

Ugandan opposition activist and co-ordinator of the Activists for change movement that organised the "walk to work" protests earlier in 2011 in Uganda.

Kuseni Dlamini

A South African political analyst.

(Image: Protesters gather at Gani Fawehinmi square during a protest against a fuel subsidy removal in Lagos, Nigeria. Credit: Reuters)

After the Arab Spring, is Africa ready for its own democratic leap forward?

Is Corruption Africa’s Biggest Killer?20160325

Is Corruption Africa’s Biggest Killer?20160325

Are African leaders and institutions corrupt? Zuhura Yunus, Owen Bennett-Jones and a panel of experts debate the issue of graft in Africa from Tanzania.

Is Corruption Africa’s Biggest Killer?2016032520160327 (WS)

Are African leaders and institutions corrupt?

Are African leaders and institutions corrupt? Zuhura Yunus, Owen Bennett-Jones and a panel of experts debate the issue of graft in Africa from Tanzania.

Is Corruption Africa’s Biggest Killer?2016032520160327 (WS)

Are African leaders and institutions corrupt?

Is Journalism In Africa Threatened By €fake News’?20170217

Plastic rice. Death hoaxes. ‘Marry twice or go to jail’. How can journalists preserve audience trust in an era of social media and – some say – fake news.

Do social media platforms have a responsibility to curb the spread of fake news? And can government censorship can ever be the answer? The BBC’s Akwasi Sarpong and Didi Akinyelure debate the big questions with an audience in Malawi.

(Image: A stack of newspapers branded with a red ‘fake’ stamp. Credit: Thinkstock; BBC.)

Is 'land grabbing' good for Africa?20120224

Can the number of large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa be seen as land grabbing?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Over the last couple of years, large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa, Latin America and Asia have made headlines across the world.

According to a US-based think tank - the International Food Policy Research Institute, nearly $20bn to $30bn a year is being spent by rich countries on land in developing countries.

The investors include some of the world's largest food, financial and car companies.

The issue described as "land grabbing" by its critics has been particularly contentious in sub-Saharan Africa because land there is considered central to identity, food security and livelihoods.

Ethiopia, South Sudan, Mozambique, Liberia, the DRC and Sierra Leone have all signed sizeable land deals with foreign investors.

The host governments and investors say that these investments will lead to economic development; promising employment, infrastructure and social services.

However human rights groups argue that the main beneficiaries of "land grabs" are the foreign investors, because most of them produce commodities for export.

They argue that the land deals are not done transparently, hence creating a breeding ground for corruption.

So is it a land grab or a development opportunity? Is land grabbing actually good for Africa?

BBC Africa Debate will be discussing the issue in Freetown in Sierra Leone.

THE PANEL
Andrew Turay, Project Manager - ADDAX Bioenergy Sierra Leone Limited
A company that has secured land in Makeni for growing sugarcane and cassava for ethanol. The government describes the project as Sierra Leone's flagship agricultural investment.

Dr Sam Sesay, Minister of Agriculture - Government of Sierra Leone

Joseph Rahall, Civil Society Activist campaigning against "land grabbing" in Sierra Leone

The debate will be chaired by Alex Jakana and Justin Rowlatt.

(A dried up river bed near Lodwar, Kenya. Credit: Getty Images)

Is 'land grabbing' good for Africa?20120225

Can the number of large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa be seen as land grabbing?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Over the last couple of years, large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa, Latin America and Asia have made headlines across the world.

According to a US-based think tank - the International Food Policy Research Institute, nearly $20bn to $30bn a year is being spent by rich countries on land in developing countries.

The investors include some of the world's largest food, financial and car companies.

The issue described as "land grabbing" by its critics has been particularly contentious in sub-Saharan Africa because land there is considered central to identity, food security and livelihoods.

Ethiopia, South Sudan, Mozambique, Liberia, the DRC and Sierra Leone have all signed sizeable land deals with foreign investors.

The host governments and investors say that these investments will lead to economic development; promising employment, infrastructure and social services.

However human rights groups argue that the main beneficiaries of "land grabs" are the foreign investors, because most of them produce commodities for export.

They argue that the land deals are not done transparently, hence creating a breeding ground for corruption.

So is it a land grab or a development opportunity? Is land grabbing actually good for Africa?

BBC Africa Debate will be discussing the issue in Freetown in Sierra Leone.

THE PANEL
Andrew Turay, Project Manager - ADDAX Bioenergy Sierra Leone Limited
A company that has secured land in Makeni for growing sugarcane and cassava for ethanol. The government describes the project as Sierra Leone's flagship agricultural investment.

Dr Sam Sesay, Minister of Agriculture - Government of Sierra Leone

Joseph Rahall, Civil Society Activist campaigning against "land grabbing" in Sierra Leone

The debate will be chaired by Alex Jakana and Justin Rowlatt.

(A dried up river bed near Lodwar, Kenya. Credit: Getty Images)

Is life getting easier for people with disabilities in Africa?20160826

Is life getting easier for people with disabilities in Africa?20160826

The BBC Africa Debate from Sierra Leone explores how attitudes to disabled people are changing in Africa.

Is Life Getting Easier For People With Disabilities In Africa?20160826

The BBC Africa Debate from Sierra Leone explores how attitudes to disabled people are changing in Africa.

Is Nigeria Ready To Lead Africa?20140628

Can Nigeria lead Africa? It has Africa’s biggest economy, but is wracked by insecurity. What can be done to stabilise Nigeria?

Is Nigeria Ready to Lead Africa?20140628

Can Nigeria lead Africa? It has Africa\u2019s biggest economy, but is wracked by insecurity....

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Can Nigeria lead Africa? It has Africa’s biggest economy, but is wracked by insecurity. What can be done to stabilise Nigeria?

(Photo: Nigerian army forces retake the north-eastern town of Gwoza, believed to be the headquarters of militant Islamist group Boko Haram, 2015. Credit: Tomi Oladipo, BBC)

Is Satellite Tv Killing Local Football?2013020120130202 (WS)

The BBC Africa Debate will discuss current issues that matter to Africa, and bring them to the attention of a global audience.

Is Satellite TV Killing Local Football?20130201

The BBC Africa Debate will discuss current issues that matter to Africa, and bring them...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Is Satellite TV Killing Local Football?2013020120130202 (WS)

The BBC Africa Debate will discuss current issues that matter to Africa, and bring them...

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Is The Older Generation Failing Africa's Youth?20180302

Akwasi Sarpong and Amina Yuguda are in Ghana to debate just how well African political leaders are working for Africa’s youth.

Is there a failure of leadership in African Sport?20160429

Is there a failure of leadership in African Sport?20160429

Farayi Mungazi and Caroline Barker ask if African sports administrators are letting down their athletes.

Is There A Failure Of Leadership In African Sport?20160429

Farayi Mungazi and Caroline Barker ask if African sports administrators are letting down their athletes.

Is tribalism undermining democracy in Africa?20121130

BBC Africa Debate explores tribalism and ethnicity in politics across the continent.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013. The general election will be the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence, particularly between the Kikuyus – the group of president Mwai Kibaki, and the Luos – the tribe of opposite candidate Raila Odinga. More than one thousand people were killed and an estimated 300,000 displaced.

It’s not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east, where close to 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the genocide of 1994.

In the newly independent South Sudan, the administration has been accused of tribalism – dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir.

At the heart of the issue is the struggle for resources: when a leader, elected to govern an entire area or country, decides to play favourites with members of his community. This inevitably creates dissatisfaction and resentment amongst other groups. So how can this be avoided?

There are examples of African democracies which have bypassed the divisive influence of tribalism, including Botswana and Tanzania. Tanzania is home to over 130 tribes and the various communities there live and vote peacefully alongside one another.

Independence leader Julius Nyerere is often credited for this; his creation of a truly national identity, and his adoption of Swahili as a national language, superseding local or ethnic loyalties. Nearly 30 years since his retirement and 13 years since his death, that legacy remains.

Strengthening democratic institutions is another approach – election results people can trust and independent law courts which deliver honest verdicts would give people less need to rely on the protection and provision of tribe.

(Protesters Kenyan election in 2007. Credit: AFP/Getty)

Is Tribalism Undermining Democracy In Africa?2012113020121202 (WS)

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013. The general election will be the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence, particularly between the Kikuyus – the group of president Mwai Kibaki, and the Luos – the tribe of opposite candidate Raila Odinga. More than one thousand people were killed and an estimated 300,000 displaced.

It’s not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east, where close to 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the genocide of 1994.

In the newly independent South Sudan, the administration has been accused of tribalism – dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir.

At the heart of the issue is the struggle for resources: when a leader, elected to govern an entire area or country, decides to play favourites with members of his community. This inevitably creates dissatisfaction and resentment amongst other groups. So how can this be avoided?

There are examples of African democracies which have bypassed the divisive influence of tribalism, including Botswana and Tanzania. Tanzania is home to over 130 tribes and the various communities there live and vote peacefully alongside one another.

Independence leader Julius Nyerere is often credited for this; his creation of a truly national identity, and his adoption of Swahili as a national language, superseding local or ethnic loyalties. Nearly 30 years since his retirement and 13 years since his death, that legacy remains.

Strengthening democratic institutions is another approach – election results people can trust and independent law courts which deliver honest verdicts would give people less need to rely on the protection and provision of tribe.

(Protesters Kenyan election in 2007. Credit: AFP/Getty)

The BBC Africa Debate will discuss current issues that matter to Africa, and bring them...

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013, the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence.

It's not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east.

Is Tribalism Undermining Democracy In Africa?2012113020121202 (WS)

The BBC Africa Debate will discuss current issues that matter to Africa, and bring them...

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013. The general election will be the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence, particularly between the Kikuyus – the group of president Mwai Kibaki, and the Luos – the tribe of opposite candidate Raila Odinga. More than one thousand people were killed and an estimated 300,000 displaced.

It’s not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east, where close to 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the genocide of 1994.

In the newly independent South Sudan, the administration has been accused of tribalism – dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir.

At the heart of the issue is the struggle for resources: when a leader, elected to govern an entire area or country, decides to play favourites with members of his community. This inevitably creates dissatisfaction and resentment amongst other groups. So how can this be avoided?

There are examples of African democracies which have bypassed the divisive influence of tribalism, including Botswana and Tanzania. Tanzania is home to over 130 tribes and the various communities there live and vote peacefully alongside one another.

Independence leader Julius Nyerere is often credited for this; his creation of a truly national identity, and his adoption of Swahili as a national language, superseding local or ethnic loyalties. Nearly 30 years since his retirement and 13 years since his death, that legacy remains.

Strengthening democratic institutions is another approach – election results people can trust and independent law courts which deliver honest verdicts would give people less need to rely on the protection and provision of tribe.

(Protesters Kenyan election in 2007. Credit: AFP/Getty)

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013, the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence.

It's not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east.

Is tribalism undermining democracy in Africa?20121202

BBC Africa Debate explores tribalism and ethnicity in politics across the continent.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Kenyans go to the polls on 4 March 2013. The general election will be the first national ballot since the 2007 poll, when disputed presidential results opened up deep-rooted ethnic tensions – leading to widespread violence, particularly between the Kikuyus – the group of president Mwai Kibaki, and the Luos – the tribe of opposite candidate Raila Odinga. More than one thousand people were killed and an estimated 300,000 displaced.

It’s not only in Kenya where tribal loyalties run deep. Examples abound from Sierra Leone in the west – where ethnic considerations look set to play a key part in November elections – to Rwanda in the east, where close to 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the genocide of 1994.

In the newly independent South Sudan, the administration has been accused of tribalism – dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir.

At the heart of the issue is the struggle for resources: when a leader, elected to govern an entire area or country, decides to play favourites with members of his community. This inevitably creates dissatisfaction and resentment amongst other groups. So how can this be avoided?

There are examples of African democracies which have bypassed the divisive influence of tribalism, including Botswana and Tanzania. Tanzania is home to over 130 tribes and the various communities there live and vote peacefully alongside one another.

Independence leader Julius Nyerere is often credited for this; his creation of a truly national identity, and his adoption of Swahili as a national language, superseding local or ethnic loyalties. Nearly 30 years since his retirement and 13 years since his death, that legacy remains.

Strengthening democratic institutions is another approach – election results people can trust and independent law courts which deliver honest verdicts would give people less need to rely on the protection and provision of tribe.

(Protesters Kenyan election in 2007. Credit: AFP/Getty)

Is Uganda The Best Place To Be A Refugee?20170623

Nancy Kacungira chairs this month's debate with a live audience in Kampala, Uganda.

Uganda is now home to the largest number of refugees in Africa, according to the United Nations refugee agency. More than one million South Sudanese have sought refuge in the country to escape conflict and famine. Analysts say Uganda has progressive policies that allow refugees freedom of movement,access to land, free healthcare and education. But how effective are these laws?

Nancy Kacungira chairs this month's debate with a live audience in Kampala, Uganda.

Photo: Two South Sudanese children who fled across the border to Ngomoromo, Uganda. Credit: AFP

Is Uganda the Best Place to be a Refugee?2017062320170625 (WS)

Nancy Kacungira chairs this month's debate with a live audience in Kampala, Uganda.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Uganda is now home to the largest number of refugees in Africa, according to the United Nations refugee agency. More than one million South Sudanese have sought refuge in the country to escape conflict and famine. Analysts say Uganda has progressive policies that allow refugees freedom of movement,access to land, free healthcare and education. But how effective are these laws?

Nancy Kacungira chairs this month's debate with a live audience in Kampala, Uganda.

Photo: Two South Sudanese children who fled across the border to Ngomoromo, Uganda. Credit: AFP

Nigeria Decides - But What Does the Future Hold?20150206

Will Nigeria's upcoming elections be free and fair?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Recorded in Lagos, this debate explores the nature of democracy in Africa’s most populous nation, ahead of key elections. Can Nigeria hold free and fair elections, amidst concerns about preparedness and insecurity? What role will religious and ethnic division play? And after the dust has settled, what does the future hold for Africa's most populous nation – which some argue is too large and divided to be a single country at all. Presented by Will Ross and Nkem Ifejika.

(Photo: An official of the Independent Electoral Commission gives his Permanent Voter's Card to a man in Lagos. Credit: Getty Images)

Rwanda 20 Years On2014041120140413 (WS)

Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle chair a discussion asking how the Great Lakes region has re...

Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle chair a discussion asking how the Great Lakes region has recovered since the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

Rwanda 20 Years On2014041120140413 (WS)

Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle chair a discussion asking how the Great Lakes region has recovered since the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle chair a discussion asking how the Great Lakes region has re...

Rwanda 20 Years On2014041120140413 (WS)

How well has the Great Lakes region recovered from the genocide?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

It's 20 years since the genocide in Rwanda. The killings not only devastated Rwanda but had far-reaching consequences for other countries in the region. A generation later, this debate - chaired by Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle - explores the reality of recovery in different countries; the comparative fortunes of Rwanda and its neighbours; and what the future holds for the Great Lakes.

Former FDLR combatants and local people attend a Ibiganiro byo Kwibuka, or 'Meeting of Remembering,' in Mutobo, Rwanda, Credit: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Rwanda 20 Years On20140411

How well has the Great Lakes region recovered from the genocide?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

It's 20 years since the genocide in Rwanda. The killings not only devastated Rwanda but had far-reaching consequences for other countries in the region. A generation later, this debate - chaired by Audrey Brown and Mark Doyle - explores the reality of recovery in different countries; the comparative fortunes of Rwanda and its neighbours; and what the future holds for the Great Lakes.

Former FDLR combatants and local people attend a Ibiganiro byo Kwibuka, or 'Meeting of Remembering,' in Mutobo, Rwanda, Credit: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Should free speech on social media be regulated?20160225

Should Free Speech On Social Media Be Regulated?20160225

Recorded during the Social Media Week event in Lagos, the programme picks up an issue that is current to the concerns of many Africans who have used social media for political mobilisation and to monitor public officials.

More recently, Nigerians have been reacting angrily to a draft bill proposed in the country’s Senate which aims to punish anyone who “propagates false information? The bill’s opponents say it will censor free speech on social media where public corruption is exposed.

Should free speech on social media be regulated?20160225

Recorded during the Social Media Week event in Lagos, the programme picks up an issue that is current to the concerns of many Africans who have used social media for political mobilisation and to monitor public officials.

More recently, Nigerians have been reacting angrily to a draft bill proposed in the country’s Senate which aims to punish anyone who “propagates false information?. The bill’s opponents say it will censor free speech on social media where public corruption is exposed.

South Africa At 1820120831

Presenters Audrey Brown and Karen Allen ask whether race relations in South Africa have improved over the last 18 years.

South Africa at 18: Does 'black and white' still matter in the Rainbow Nation?20120831

Audrey Brown and Karen Allen ask whether race relations in South Africa have improved.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Earlier this year, on 27 April, the country marked the 18th anniversary of its first multiracial elections heralding the birth of Nelson Mandela's "Rainbow Nation".

This 18th year of freedom also marks the coming of age of the first South African citizens to be born after the end of the racist apartheid regime. These teenagers are now able to vote for the first time.

South Africa is one of the most diverse countries in the world, racially as well as ethnically. It is also one of the most unequal societies in the world. Its inequalities correlate with race and concern is growing that this socio-economic imbalance or divide is increasingly threatening the country's stability.

According to the South African Institute of Race Relations, per capita personal income among white South Africans is nearly eight times higher than that of the country's black citizens. Statistics show that 29% of black South Africans are unemployed compared with 5.9% of their white compatriots.

President Jacob Zuma has called for greater state involvement in mining and land ownership to address inequalities inherited from apartheid - which he said pose a "grave threat" to Africa's biggest economy.

Nobel Peace Laureate and former South African president, FW de Klerk, has warned about new racism in South Africa. He said the governing ANC's rhetoric was increasingly becoming hostile to white South Africans and that the ANC is using racism as a "smokescreen" to hide its failures.

Earlier this month, South Africans were shocked when more than 30 striking mine workers were shot dead by police during protests over wages. The incident highlighted the growing frustration by South Africa's workers with poverty, unemployment and inequality.

BBC Africa Debate presenters Audrey Brown and Karen Allen will be talking to the panel and an invited audience including politicians, government representatives, policy makers, trade unionists, business representatives, academics, students and media executives.

(Image: Springbok captain Francois Pienaar (R) receives the Rugby World Cup from South African President Nelson Mandela at Ellis Park in Johannesburg 24 June 1995. South Africa won the final against New Zealand 15-12 after extra-time. Credit: PHILIP LITTLETON/AFP/Getty Images)

South Africa At 18: Does 'black And White' Still Matter In The Rainbow Nation?2012083120120902 (WS)

Earlier this year, on 27 April, the country marked the 18th anniversary of its first multiracial elections heralding the birth of Nelson Mandela's "Rainbow Nation".

This 18th year of freedom also marks the coming of age of the first South African citizens to be born after the end of the racist apartheid regime. These teenagers are now able to vote for the first time.

South Africa is one of the most diverse countries in the world, racially as well as ethnically. It is also one of the most unequal societies in the world. Its inequalities correlate with race and concern is growing that this socio-economic imbalance or divide is increasingly threatening the country's stability.

According to the South African Institute of Race Relations, per capita personal income among white South Africans is nearly eight times higher than that of the country's black citizens. Statistics show that 29% of black South Africans are unemployed compared with 5.9% of their white compatriots.

President Jacob Zuma has called for greater state involvement in mining and land ownership to address inequalities inherited from apartheid - which he said pose a "grave threat" to Africa's biggest economy.

Nobel Peace Laureate and former South African president, FW de Klerk, has warned about new racism in South Africa. He said the governing ANC's rhetoric was increasingly becoming hostile to white South Africans and that the ANC is using racism as a "smokescreen" to hide its failures.

Earlier this month, South Africans were shocked when more than 30 striking mine workers were shot dead by police during protests over wages. The incident highlighted the growing frustration by South Africa's workers with poverty, unemployment and inequality.

BBC Africa Debate presenters Audrey Brown and Karen Allen will be talking to the panel and an invited audience including politicians, government representatives, policy makers, trade unionists, business representatives, academics, students and media executives.

(Image: Springbok captain Francois Pienaar (R) receives the Rugby World Cup from South African President Nelson Mandela at Ellis Park in Johannesburg 24 June 1995. South Africa won the final against New Zealand 15-12 after extra-time. Credit: PHILIP LITTLETON/AFP/Getty Images)

Audrey Brown and Karen Allen ask whether race relations in South Africa have improved.

South Africa at 18: Does 'black and white' still matter in the Rainbow Nation?20120902

Audrey Brown and Karen Allen ask whether race relations in South Africa have improved.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Earlier this year, on 27 April, the country marked the 18th anniversary of its first multiracial elections heralding the birth of Nelson Mandela's "Rainbow Nation".

This 18th year of freedom also marks the coming of age of the first South African citizens to be born after the end of the racist apartheid regime. These teenagers are now able to vote for the first time.

South Africa is one of the most diverse countries in the world, racially as well as ethnically. It is also one of the most unequal societies in the world. Its inequalities correlate with race and concern is growing that this socio-economic imbalance or divide is increasingly threatening the country's stability.

According to the South African Institute of Race Relations, per capita personal income among white South Africans is nearly eight times higher than that of the country's black citizens. Statistics show that 29% of black South Africans are unemployed compared with 5.9% of their white compatriots.

President Jacob Zuma has called for greater state involvement in mining and land ownership to address inequalities inherited from apartheid - which he said pose a "grave threat" to Africa's biggest economy.

Nobel Peace Laureate and former South African president, FW de Klerk, has warned about new racism in South Africa. He said the governing ANC's rhetoric was increasingly becoming hostile to white South Africans and that the ANC is using racism as a "smokescreen" to hide its failures.

Earlier this month, South Africans were shocked when more than 30 striking mine workers were shot dead by police during protests over wages. The incident highlighted the growing frustration by South Africa's workers with poverty, unemployment and inequality.

BBC Africa Debate presenters Audrey Brown and Karen Allen will be talking to the panel and an invited audience including politicians, government representatives, policy makers, trade unionists, business representatives, academics, students and media executives.

(Image: Springbok captain Francois Pienaar (R) receives the Rugby World Cup from South African President Nelson Mandela at Ellis Park in Johannesburg 24 June 1995. South Africa won the final against New Zealand 15-12 after extra-time. Credit: PHILIP LITTLETON/AFP/Getty Images)

South Africa Decides - Is Democracy Delivering?2014050220140504 (WS)

In Johannesburg, Audrey Brown and Lerato Mbele discuss the ANC’s record, 20 years after South Africa’s first democratic elections.

In Johannesburg, Audrey Brown and Lerato Mbele discuss the ANC’s record, 20 years after S...

South Africa Decides: Is Democracy Delivering?2014050220140504 (WS)

Has the ANC betrayed the values it championed for so many years?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

It’s been 20 years since South Africa’s first democratic elections, which ushered in a new era of political freedom for millions of South Africans. On 7 May 2014, in the county’s fifth democratic general election, a generation of young people born into a country free of racial segregation votes for the first time. Has democracy delivered for South Africa? What will democracy look like in another 20 years?

(Photo: A rally for the 1994 general election in South Africa, BBC)

South Africa Decides: Is Democracy Delivering?20140502

Has the ANC betrayed the values it championed for so many years?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

It’s been 20 years since South Africa’s first democratic elections, which ushered in a new era of political freedom for millions of South Africans. On 7 May 2014, in the county’s fifth democratic general election, a generation of young people born into a country free of racial segregation votes for the first time. Has democracy delivered for South Africa? What will democracy look like in another 20 years?

(Photo: A rally for the 1994 general election in South Africa, BBC)

South Sudan - Has independence met expectations?20120629

One year on from South Sudan's independence have expectations been met?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

In South Sudan - one year on from the country's independence - the BBC’s former African News and Current Affairs editor Joseph Warungu chairs a debate on whether expectations have been met.

The Republic of South Sudan officially declared its independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.

Following decades of conflict, hopes were high and the celebrations momentous.

While the south Sudanese hoped that freedom from Sudan would bring an end to the strife, neighbouring countries breathed a sigh of relief looking forward to an end to instability and refugee crises in the region.

There were high hopes too, from the rest of the world as it looked in on the world's newest nation.

It has been a difficult first year for South Sudan.

While many issues between North and South remain unresolved - threatening to develop into a new full-scale conflict - there has also been an increase in internal ethnic conflict, with thousands killed in clashes.

The new administration has been accused of tribalism - dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir. Opposition is accusing the government of human-rights abuses and crackdowns on freedom of speech.

At independence, South Sudan was one of the least developed countries in Africa.

South Sudanese believed that if they had control of their own budget and resources, development might happen at last - but there's little to show for that after a year.

Corruption is so rife it's come to the attention of the president who recently accused leaders of forgetting what they had fought for and of betraying their common vision for the country to enrich themselves.

So what's the verdict of the South Sudanese after a year of self-rule and self-determination?

This debate explores if South Sudan's expectations have been met with an audience of about 100 invited guests including politicians, representing both the government and opposition; religious and community leaders; European Union representatives; Sudanese nationals in Juba; human-rights and other NGOs; economists and business people; academics; various professionals; and students.

(Image: A voter celebrates the independence referendum outside a polling station in Juba on 9 January, 2011. Credit: AFP)

South Sudan - Has independence met expectations?20120701

One year on from South Sudan's independence have expectations been met?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

In South Sudan - one year on from the country's independence - the BBC’s former African News and Current Affairs editor Joseph Warungu chairs a debate on whether expectations have been met.

The Republic of South Sudan officially declared its independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.

Following decades of conflict, hopes were high and the celebrations momentous.

While the south Sudanese hoped that freedom from Sudan would bring an end to the strife, neighbouring countries breathed a sigh of relief looking forward to an end to instability and refugee crises in the region.

There were high hopes too, from the rest of the world as it looked in on the world's newest nation.

It has been a difficult first year for South Sudan.

While many issues between North and South remain unresolved - threatening to develop into a new full-scale conflict - there has also been an increase in internal ethnic conflict, with thousands killed in clashes.

The new administration has been accused of tribalism - dominated as it is by the Dinka group of President Salva Kiir. Opposition is accusing the government of human-rights abuses and crackdowns on freedom of speech.

At independence, South Sudan was one of the least developed countries in Africa.

South Sudanese believed that if they had control of their own budget and resources, development might happen at last - but there's little to show for that after a year.

Corruption is so rife it's come to the attention of the president who recently accused leaders of forgetting what they had fought for and of betraying their common vision for the country to enrich themselves.

So what's the verdict of the South Sudanese after a year of self-rule and self-determination?

This debate explores if South Sudan's expectations have been met with an audience of about 100 invited guests including politicians, representing both the government and opposition; religious and community leaders; European Union representatives; Sudanese nationals in Juba; human-rights and other NGOs; economists and business people; academics; various professionals; and students.

(Image: A voter celebrates the independence referendum outside a polling station in Juba on 9 January, 2011. Credit: AFP)

What is life like for women without children in Africa?20161125

What is Life Like for Women Without Children in Africa?2016112520161127 (WS)

What are the options for childless couples? And is choosing not to have children taboo?

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

What are the options for childless couples? And, is choosing not to have children taboo? In many African communities fertility is highly prized and women without children are frowned upon. Infertility affects one in six couples of childbearing age worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation. In Africa, the number of women unable to conceive after a first pregnancy can be as high as one in three.

What is life like for women without children in Africa?20161125

What are the options for childless couples? And is choosing not to have children taboo?

In many African communities fertility is highly prized and women without children are frowned upon. Infertility affects one in six couples of childbearing age worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation. In Africa, the number of women unable to conceive after a first pregnancy can be as high as one in three.

What Is Life Like For Women Without Children In Africa?2016112520161127 (WS)

What are the options for childless couples? And is choosing not to have children taboo?

In many African communities fertility is highly prized and women without children are frowned upon. Infertility affects one in six couples of childbearing age worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation. In Africa, the number of women unable to conceive after a first pregnancy can be as high as one in three.

What is life like for women without children in Africa?2016112520161127 (WS)

What are the options for childless couples? And is choosing not to have children taboo?

What Will Fix Africa\u2019s Air Transport?2017052620170528 (WS)

Often the quickest route from one African country to another is via Europe

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

What Will Fix Africa’s Air Transport?20170526

This month BBC Africa Debate is in Ghana, asking what it will take to improve air transport across the continent.

What Will It Take To Rebuild Gambia?20170421

After more than 20 years rule by former President, Gambians have great expectations.

After more than 20 years under the authoritarian rule of former President Yahaya Jammeh, Gambians have great expectations of the new administration.

They want a well-performing economy, jobs, good health care and education, and an accountable government that will uphold the constitution.

Many people are also hoping the new government can help stem the large number of young Gambians who every year perilously try to cross the Mediterranean sea in the hope of making a better life in Europe.

During his election campaign, the new President, Adama Barrow, promised to free political prisoners, remove repressive laws, return the country back to the International Criminal Court and restore relations with international community.

Under former leader Yahaya Jammeh, Gambia a country of fewer than two million people become largely isolated and its economy stagnated as donors withheld aid and grants to protest against human rights violations. The human rights watchdog, Amnesty International says dozens of people including human rights activists and journalists were imprisoned or died in mysterious circumstance for criticising Mr Jammeh. Others were forced to flee the country for their safety. Now many families are seeking justice and closure.

With many democratic institutions broken down or non-existent, the new government has a big job on its hands. How best can Gambia rebuild itself? What should the new government prioritise?

Presenters Umaru Fofona and Rebecca Kesby

What Will It Take To Rebuild Gambia?20170421

After more than 20 years under the authoritarian rule of former President Yahaya Jammeh, Gambians have great expectations of the new administration.

They want a well-performing economy, jobs, good health care and education, and an accountable government that will uphold the constitution.

Many people are also hoping the new government can help stem the large number of young Gambians who every year perilously try to cross the Mediterranean sea in the hope of making a better life in Europe.

During his election campaign, the new President, Adama Barrow, promised to free political prisoners, remove repressive laws, return the country back to the International Criminal Court and restore relations with international community.

Under former leader Yahaya Jammeh, Gambia a country of fewer than two million people become largely isolated and its economy stagnated as donors withheld aid and grants to protest against human rights violations. The human rights watchdog, Amnesty International says dozens of people including human rights activists and journalists were imprisoned or died in mysterious circumstance for criticising Mr Jammeh. Others were forced to flee the country for their safety. Now many families are seeking justice and closure.

With many democratic institutions broken down or non-existent, the new government has a big job on its hands. How best can Gambia rebuild itself? What should the new government prioritise?

Presenters Umaru Fofona and Rebecca Kesby

After more than 20 years rule by former President, Gambians have great expectations.

Will Africa Ever Benefit From Its Natural Riches?2012102620121028 (WS)

Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt present a debate from Addis Ababa.

Africa is endowed with abundant natural wealth. The last few months have seen major new discoveries of natural resources in several African countries. Coal, oil and gas in amongst others Kenya, Tanzania, Ghana, Mozambique and Uganda.

Over the next decade, billions of dollars are expected to flow into countries previously starved of financial capital. The question many are asking is; will these windfalls be a blessing that brings - prosperity, sustainable economic growth, new jobs and investments in health, education and infrastructure? Or a political and economic curse that brings conflict, spiraling inequality, corruption and environmental disasters, as has been the case in several countries on the continent?

Presented by Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt, from Addis Ababa.

Will Africa ever benefit from its natural riches?20121026

Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt present a debate from Addis Ababa.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa is endowed with abundant natural wealth. The last few months have seen major new discoveries of natural resources in several African countries. Coal, oil and gas in amongst others Kenya, Tanzania, Ghana, Mozambique and Uganda.

Over the next decade, billions of dollars are expected to flow into countries previously starved of financial capital. The question many are asking is, will these windfalls be a blessing that brings - prosperity, sustainable economic growth, new jobs and investments in health, education and infrastructure? Or a political and economic curse that brings conflict, spiraling inequality, corruption and environmental disasters, as has been the case in several countries on the continent?

Presented by Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt, from Addis Ababa.

Will Africa ever benefit from its natural riches?20121028

Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt present a debate from Addis Ababa.

If it matters to Africa, we shall debate it in Africa

Africa is endowed with abundant natural wealth. The last few months have seen major new discoveries of natural resources in several African countries. Coal, oil and gas in amongst others Kenya, Tanzania, Ghana, Mozambique and Uganda.

Over the next decade, billions of dollars are expected to flow into countries previously starved of financial capital. The question many are asking is, will these windfalls be a blessing that brings - prosperity, sustainable economic growth, new jobs and investments in health, education and infrastructure? Or a political and economic curse that brings conflict, spiraling inequality, corruption and environmental disasters, as has been the case in several countries on the continent?

Presented by Audrey Brown and Justin Rowlatt, from Addis Ababa.