In October 1957, the USSR launched Sputnik I, the space race began and modernity was born in the mind of Barnsley schoolboy Ian Mcmillan
Zinovy Zinik remembers trying to escape his Moscow playground by leaping in the air to hitch a lift on the orbiting Sputnik.
News of Sputnik and rock and roll arrived in South Africa for Christopher Hope at about the same time.
The two have remained fused for him ever since.
Monica Grady, professor of planetary and space science at the Open University, discusses how Sputnik gave her a job, and what it meant to the rest of the world.