Brainwaves [Radio Scotland]

Episodes

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0320150413

Is there such a thing as a male or female brain? That question has fascinated us for centuries. Pennie Latin's at the Edinburgh International Science Festival for Brainwaves to discover if our gender differences are hardwired, imposed culturally or perhaps not even there at all. Joining Pennie to debate the topic are Professors Simon Baron Cohen, Polly Arnold, Richard Ribchester and Dr Gillian Brown.

04Memories Are Made Of This20160615

What are strong memories made of? Why do we remember what we remember and which memories last, quite literally, a lifetime while others just fade away? In this Brainwaves special Pennie Latin investigates how our brain makes and retrieves memories; explores how memory changes over time and why we seem to remember certain stages of our lives and particular events more sharply than others and considers the memories which remain most precious as we age.

Part of the BBC Scotland Memories and Conversations â€" New Approaches to Dementia season.

0101Changing Minds20140106

Many people at this time of year will be trying to detox after the Festive season. Why is it that some people find it easier to live a moderate life whilst others find it difficult to say no to another drink or piece of chocolate? Is there any truth behind the notion of 'an addictive personality'? Pennie Latin investigates the science behind addiction.

0101The Addictive Brain20140106
0102Changing Minds20140113

The term 'bipolar' has become common, not least because of celebrities like Stephen Fry and Catherine Zeta Jones being open about the fact that they have been diagnosed with it. But a decade ago, most people had never even heard of it. So what does bipolar actually mean? As part of BBC Radio Scotland's Mental Health season, Pennie Latin investigates the truth behind bipolar, how it manifests itself for people who have it and how scientists are working to try and understand the brains of people with the condition.

0102The Truth Behind Bipolar Disorder20140113
0103Changing Minds20140120

Pennie Latin talks to Professor Muffy Calder OBE, Computer Scientist and Chief Scientific Adviser to the Scottish Government. She finds out how Muffy used her computational modelling techniques in the battle against cancer, hears about her work with the Scottish government and her lifelong interest in science, music and the outdoors.

0104Changing Minds20140127

Screen Brain - These days most of us are surrounded by screens, be it computers at work and in the home, smartphones, tablets and televisions. But what are the effects of this high screen usage on our brains? We hear from Baroness Susan Greenfield, who claims that such behaviour will have a massive impact on our minds and the ways in which we interact with each other. Plus we gauge the current research taking place in Scotland in this area, which is in its infancy.

010520140203

This week, Pennie speaks to child psychiatrist, Dr Helen Minnis. Helen is a Senior Lecturer in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Glasgow. Her research focusses on Reactive Attachment Disorder in children. She first observed this behaviour whilst working as a doctor in an orphanage in Guatemala. The children there showed no inhibitions when meeting new people, flocking to the feet of strangers. But when she returned to Scotland, she began to discover that children in Glasgow were also suffering from the condition, which is really the result of emotional neglect. Since then, her work has centred on diagnosing RAD in Scotland - it's thought that around 4 percent of children have it, roughly the same percentage as autism - and establishing a way of treating the condition.

Helen also talks about how her work has influenced - or otherwise - her approach to bringing up her own children. But also the challenges - and advantages - of being a working mother in the scientific community.

010620140210

For literally millennia we have written about it, sung about it, cried over it, fought duels and built monuments to it....LOVE. You'd have thought by now we'd have figured it all out - how to spot, attract and land our perfect partner. However, just because we find someone visually appealing it doesn't necessarily mean we're going to 'click'.

With Valentine's Day just around the corner this week Brainwaves puts love in the laboratory.

010720140217

Pennie Latin is in conversation with Professor Helen Sang from the Roslin Institute. She hears about Helen's work with genetically modified chickens which could lead to the eradication of bird flu, the provision of food for the world's growing population and the production of drugs to treat diseases like cancer.

010820140224

As home energy bills soar our thoughts turn to ways of saving money. In this edition of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin finds out about the latest scientific developments in energy saving technology which might help us avoid fuel poverty and have more energy efficient homes.

010920140303

Metal Mickey, R2D2, K9, proper walking, talking, interacting, arguing robots - the stuff of great science fiction. Up until now that's exactly where those kinds of robots have remained, between the covers of a book or credits of a film.

However, in this Brainwaves we're looking at how tantalisingly close we are to making science fiction, science fact as we look at the developments in the world of robotics here in Scotland.

011020140310

This week, Pennie speaks to Professor Sheila Rowan, Director of the Institute for Gravitational Research at Glasgow University. Sheila is an astrophysicist whose work is concerned with creating the technology to detect gravitational waves in the universe. This is truly groundbreaking research, and if everything goes according to plan, the first wave detectors will be operational towards the end of the decade. Detecting gravitational waves should offer answers to some of the fundamental questions at the core of all of us - where did we come from and how did it all begin?

011120140317

As obesity figures in Scotland rise, Pennie Latin explores the science of hunger and diet. She talks to Dr Alex Johnstone and Dr Dan Crabtree from the Rowett Institute about their research, psychologist Professor Patrick O'Donnell and weight-loss surgeon Professor Duff Bruce as well as hearing the personal stories of the challenges of losing weight.

011220140324

With our collective thoughts turning to the Commonwealth games this summer, this week Brainwaves is all about being competitive. Where does competitiveness come from? Are we born or bred competitive. And, does it actually make us any more likely to succeed in whatever field we choose to do battle?

0113 LAST20140414

Mark Stephen presents a special edition of Brainwaves from the Edinburgh Science Festival with guests Professor Charles Spence of Oxford University, Amanda McDonald Crawley from New York and Andrew Barnett of the microbrewery, Barney's Beer. The theme will be sensory dining, exploring the science behind eating.

0201Light20150105

2015 is the International Year of Light and in Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores the impact light has on all our lives with the help of landscape photographer, Colin Prior, expert in sleep and circadian rhythms, Professor Steve Lockley, a nightshift worker and someone who is rapidly losing light from their life.

020220150112

Astrophysicist Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell was appointed as president of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in October 2014 - the first female president of the 350-year-old organisation. In her first public engagement in the role, she speaks to presenter Pennie Latin in front of an audience at Irvine Royal Academy. The pair explore the deepest reaches of the universe in a conversation about pulsars, black holes, gender and Nobel Prizes.

020320150119

The protein P53 could hold the key to tackling cancer. Much of what we know about it comes from the work of Professor Karen Vousden, Director of Cancer Research UK at the Beatson Institute in Glasgow. In Brainwaves, Pennie Latin discovers how Karen's career path led her into the world of cancer research.

020420150126
02052015020220150203 (RS)

Professor June Andrews is the head of Stirling University's Dementia Services Development Centre. She talks to presenter Pennie Latin about her career in nursing, what has kept her so deeply interested in geriatric care and why we should all be more open to talk about death and dying. Plus, how good lighting is just as effective as medication when it comes to treating dementia and why June herself doesn't fear the condition.

0206Monkey Business20150209

It's tempting to draw lots of parallels between us and our closest relatives in the primate world but the bottom line is that whilst we humans have evolved over the centuries, monkeys and chimpanzees haven't.

In Brainwaves, Pennie Latin visits The Living Links Centre for the study of primates at Edinburgh Zoo to find out why our cultures and traditions are just so different. Professor Andy Whiten, Lewis Dean and Lara Wood of St Andrews university demonstrate to Pennie what the capuchin and squirrel monkeys at the Living Links field station are capable of.

02072015021620150217 (RS)

Does the life of a forensic pathologist bear any resemblence to their TV or fictional counterpart? Professor James Grieve has spent his whole working life as a forensic pathologist investigating murders, suicides and accidents in the north east of Scotland. He's been involved in many high profile cases alongside breakthroughs in genetic medicine at Aberdeen University. In Brainwaves, Pennie Latin meets Emeritus Professor in Forensic Medicine James Grieve to get an insight into the real world of forensic pathology whilst debunking a few myths along the way.

Pennie Latin meets leading forensic pathologist Professor James Grieve.

020820150223

Professor Stuart Cunningham is the principal investigator in Physical Oceanography at the Scottish Association for Marine Science in Oban. In 2014 he was named as oceanographer of the year for his "outstanding" contribution to the field. He talks to presenter Pennie Latin about sea gliders, sailing around the west coast of Scotland, ocean currents and climate change.

020920150302

Stop for a minute and listen. Really listen. What does your typical day sound like? Pick out every sound and consciously decide if you like it or not. How does the sound around us affect us? What impact can sound have on our brain and body? In this week's Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores the world of noise.

0210Caroline Watt20150311

In Brainwaves this week Pennie meets Dr Caroline Watt, a founder member of the Koestler Parapsychology Unit at the University of Edinburgh.

0211The Future Of Blood2015031620150322 (RS)

Within the next 15 years, we may not need to rely on the good will of blood donors. In pioneering work being carried out in Scotland into the manufacture of blood on demand, lives could be transformed. Pennie Latin meets Dr Jo Mountford of Glasgow University who is researching the manufacture of blood from embroynic stem cells, Professor Marc Turner of the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service and Trina who suffers from a rare blood disorder called thalassemia and relies on regular blood transfusions.

0212For The Love Of Bog20150323

This week in Brainwaves takes a look at that much-maligned, but globally rare, feature of the Scottish landscape: the peat bog. Pennie Latin explores two vast areas of bog in northern Scotland and finds out why they are key in the battle against climate change.

0213 LAST20150330

Metal Mickey, R2D2, K9, proper walking, talking, interacting, arguing robots - the stuff of great science fiction. Up until now that's exactly where those kinds of robots have remained, between the covers of a book or credits of a film.

However, in this Brainwaves we're looking at how tantalisingly close we are to making science fiction, science fact as we look at the developments in the world of robotics here in Scotland.

0301Handedness20160112

1/2 Million people in Scotland are discriminated against every single day. You cannot tell how by their gender, their skin colour or their religion. But watch them write their name or use a pair of scissors and you will see that they are left handed.

Pennie Latin explores what makes us right or left handed and how our handedness affects who we are as individuals.

In the past those who were not right handed were feared or shunned and many people today will still remember being forcibly retrained to use their right hand. So to find out how handedness controls how we do almost everything, BBC Radio Scotland along with Abertay University set up a "handedness lab" to test how competent we are at some very simple tasks with our non-dominant hand.

Simple tasks are one thing. But what if, for example, you are a left handed pianist who would much prefer to play the more dexterous parts of the music with your dominant hand? Pennie, a right handed piano player, meets Christopher Seed, a left handed piano player to play the worlds very first left handed piano.

Whichever side you fall, left or right handed, this episode of Brainwaves will affect every single one of us.

0302The Flu Virus20160119

From 1918-1919 it was the cause of more deaths globally than the first world war. It's estimated that 50 million people died.

It struck again in 1957 taking over 60,000 more lives. And again in 1968 and again in 2009...and it's still out there, waiting, mutating, hunting for its next victim...that could be you. It's the flu.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin looks down the microscope at the flu virus to discover why it is such a worldwide problem and seemingly so difficult to combat, never mind eradicate once and for all.

You can be involved in helping to combat flu because citizen science and social media are now being used to track the incidence of flu symptoms around the country, enabling scientists to discover more about the transmission of the virus.

And Pennie will seek to find the definitive answer to the highly controversial question; 'Does man flu actually exist?'.

0303Professor Peter Higgs20160126

When scientists at CERN confirmed the existence of the Higgs Boson in 2012, it made Edinburgh based theoretical physicist, Professor Peter Higgs, a household name across the globe. It was in 1964 that he first proposed a theory about the existence of a particle that explains why other particles have a mass. He says, despite the time gap, he was never in any doubt of its existence.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 2013 and more recently the Copley Medal by The Royal Society, placing him alongside some of the world's greatest scientific minds; Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin and Benjamin Franklin.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Professor Peter Higgs talks to Pennie Latin about his life in physics, the discomfort of fame and his love of seafood.

0304Donating Your Body To Science20160202

What do you want to happen to your body when you die? Cremation? Woodland Burial? Maybe you'll have your ashes scattered at sea...perhaps you'd like to donate your body to science?

Edinburgh outlaws, Burke and Hare made a living simply because cadavers were essential to anatomical education. Today cadavers are still essential to learning and research, the difference is today donating your body to science is a very different affair.

In this edition of Brainwaves Pennie Latin looks into the who, what for and why of modern body donation. With extraordinary access to the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee, Pennie meets the medical students in the dissecting room who learn from the cadavers, the anatomists who use them for research and hears about the pioneering Thiel method of preservation that enables the cadavers to be used for a far wider range of research than traditional preservation techniques.

Asking herself if she would donate her own body, Pennie sets out to discover what would happen to it. Her journey begins in the Val McDermid mortuary.

0305The Psychology Of Cheating20160209

Children do it, athletes do it, lovers do it, we probably all do it in one way or another at some point in our lives...cheating.

Cheating is a very common human trait. It starts to be seen from about 3 years old, there is something in our minds that helps us weigh up the potential gain against the potential costs and then we make a conscious decision to cheat or not. But why do we do it? Why do we try to get ahead unfairly when we know we could be caught and that would have consequences?

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin delves into the minds of those who've cheated and those who are out to try to understand what drives us to deceive, dupe and defraud.

0306Professor Lee Cronin20160216

There can be an assumption that our top scientists sailed through school. They were the star students who found it all so very easy. But when Lee Cronin was put in the special needs class he became determined to prove everyone wrong.

Now Dr Lee Cronin, Regius Chair of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow he heads up The Cronin Group, a multinational collective of over 50 research scientists revered around the globe.

His work is underpinned by the ambition to discover the beginnings of life. Talking to Pennie Latin in his research lab Lee explains how he is trying to recreate the origins of life, how he handles the inevitable criticism of his work and the joy of building a 3D printer with his children.

0307Biometrics2016022320160228 (RS)
20160530 (RS)

It used to be that fingerprints were the key to identification, then it was your DNA. Today voice recognition, iris scanning and vein mapping are just some of the biometric parameters used for identification. Your biometric information is the most personal data that you will ever possess. It defines you, it protects you and it can be the key to discovering your future.

But we are slowly and sometimes unwittingly releasing this most of personal information.

Biometrics are widely used to unlock smartphones, they are linked to your passport, they buy your children's school meals, banks want to use them to authourise transactions and facial recognition software is scanning the CCTV network. Biometrics are already part of our lives.

But how easy are they forge? And more importantly how careful should we be about protecting this information? Can it ever be safe that you use your heartbeat as your signature?

This episode of Brainwaves explores the very personal world of our biometric data.

It used to be that fingerprints were the key to identification, then it was your DNA, now it's biometrics. Your biometric information is the most personal data that you will ever possess. It defines you, it protects you and it can be the key to discovering your future.

Pennie Latin explores the personal world of biometrics.

Biometrics are widely used to unlock smartphones, they are linked to your passport, they buy your children's school meals, banks want to use them to authorise transactions and facial recognition software is scanning the CCTV network. Biometrics are already part of our lives.

0308Professor Dame Anne Glover20160301

In 2009 to a wave of great acclaim in the scientific community a new role was created in Europe - the post of Chief Scientific Adviser to the European Commission, reporting directly to the President of the EC. The role was given to a prominent Scottish biochemist - the then Chief Scientific Adviser to the Scottish Government, Professor (now Dame) Anne Glover.

However, it was a post that only lasted for 3 years.

A long time ambassador of women in science, Professor Dame Anne Glover talks to Pennie Latin about her passion for communicating science to the mass audience, be they politicians, policy makers or prospective students.

A keen sailor, who's ideal first date would be at one of Scotland's 5 interactive science centres she is now the Vice Principal of External Affairs at Aberdeen University, charged with communicating the University's work across the globe.

0309The Queensferry Crossing2016030820170830

Pennie Latin explores the science involved in the construction of the Queensferry Crossing

How many times have you turned on Radio Scotland only to hear that the Kessock, Skye and Dornoch bridges are closed to high sided vehicles and that there are speed restrictions on the Forth Road Bridge? The Scottish weather has a dramatic impact on Scotland's bridges, but if the scientists and engineers have got their sums right, that is about to change.

The Queensferry Crossing will be the longest three-tower, cable-stayed bridge in the world, it will be the highest bridge in the UK and with height comes wind. But the "weatherproofing" design of this bridge means that there shouldn't be any closures and restrictions due to weather.

Due to open in 2016 during Scotland's year of Innovation, architecture and design, The Queensferry Crossing is combination of all three of these elements.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin meets the bridge designers and engineers to discover the science that is going into Scotland's latest feat of engineering.

How many times have you turned on Radio Scotland only to hear that the Kessock, Skye and Dornoch bridges are closed to high sided vehicles and that there are speed restrictions on the Forth Road Bridge? The Scottish weather has a dramatic impact on Scotland's bridges, but if the scientists and engineers have got their sums right, that is about to change.

The Queensferry Crossing will be the longest three-tower, cable-stayed bridge in the world, it will be the highest bridge in the UK and with height comes wind. But the "weatherproofing" design of this bridge means that there shouldn't be any closures and restrictions due to weather.

Due to open in 2016 during Scotland's year of Innovation, architecture and design, The Queensferry Crossing is combination of all three of these elements.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin meets the bridge designers and engineers to discover the science that is going into Scotland's latest feat of engineering.

0310Professor Andrew Morris20160315

With access to our personal healthcare data, Professor Andrew Morris's research into diabetes informatics has already led to a reduction of diabetes related amputations by 50%. He aspires to see a year in his lifetime when there are no diabetes related amputations in Scotland.

Our personal data is hugely valuable. Not just to us but to scientists, researchers and healthcare providers around the world. With access to vast amounts of information about us and our health, scientists like Andrew are able to examine population wide healthcare issues.

By turning that vast amount of information into knowledge says Andrew you can improve healthcare provision across the entire country and make it more efficient at the same time.

But with access to that information comes responsibility and a need for trust. In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin meets Professor Andrew Morris, Director of The Farr Institute, Scotland to look at how data science and informatics are improving the health of Scotland.

0311Hydrogen Power20160329

Surf n' Turf is a new pilot project on the Orkney island of Eday that aims to harness excess renewably generated electricity; store it as hydrogen and then make it available again as electricity to charge the inter-island ferries berthed overnight, in the soon to be developed hydrogen port at Kirkwall.

The idea of using hydrogen as a source of power isn't new. Commercial scale electrolysis has been around for a couple of hundred years. Today there are already hydrogen cars and buses on our roads, prototype ships at sea and plans on paper for introducing it into aircraft, all powered by the most abundant element in the universe.

However it is widely known that one of the biggest problems with renewable power is the intermittency of it, yet our demand for energy is constant. In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores whether hydrogen might overcome that intermittent problem and be the power source we all turn to in future.

0312Professor Geoff Palmer20160405

Born in Jamaica in 1940 Geoff Palmer arrived in the UK aged 14 years and 11 months with little formal education. Declared educationally sub-normal it was his ability on the cricket field that got him into a grammar school and started his scientific education that would eventually bring him to Heriot-Watt University and become the UK's first professor of Brewing and Distilling and Scotland's first black professor.

His research into the grains and cereals, in particular the malting process changed the brewing industry and saved it millions of pounds.

In the lecture theatre he took great delight in telling his students that they should be tasting beer as well as learning about how to make it.

Now retired, it is with a sense of great pride that he can look at craft beers from across the world and taste the hard work of his former students.

0313 LASTRank And Hierarchy20160412

They say that power is seductive and that giving it up can be incredibly hard to do. But that is what David Erdal did when he turned his family run business into an employee owned company.

He says the consequences for him were embarrassing, emotional, hugely psychologically complex but overall satisfying. He went from being the boss to being just the same as everyone else in the company.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin looks at the role of rank and hierarchy in our society. She asks how much does it actually matter to us and what can we learn about ourselves by looking at rank and hierarchy in some of our nearest evolutionary neighbours, chimpanzees.

0401The Selfie2017011020170719

Pennie Latin explores whether there is more to a selfie than mere self-obsession.

The selfie - just an exercise in self-obsessed narcissism or potential store for scientific research? A picture can tell far more than 1,000 words. A selfie can define you, it can locate you, it can help analyse air quality, they can track cultures and fashions and during the Rio Olympic Games a simple photograph between to Korean athletes crossed a political divide.

The selfie is the artistic expression du jour and, love them or hate them, they're not going anywhere fast. But the selfie isn't a new thing, portraiture has been seen in art for centuries. So what is our fascination with the representation of our self and why do we want to share it with the world?

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores the science of the selfie, what they can tell us about ourselves and discovers how your selfies are helping scientists learn more about the world around us.

- just an exercise in self-obsessed narcissism or potential store for scientific research? A picture can tell far more than 1,000 words. A selfie can define you, it can locate you, it can help analyse air quality, they can track cultures and fashions and during the Rio Olympic Games a simple photograph between to Korean athletes crossed a political divide.

The selfie is the artistic expression du jour and, love them or hate them, they're not going anywhere fast. But the selfie isn't a new thing, portraiture has been seen in art for centuries. So what is our fascination with the representation of our self and why do we want to share it with the world?

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores the science of the selfie, what they can tell us about ourselves and discovers how your selfies are helping scientists learn more about the world around us.

0402The Anatomy Of A Stroke2017011720170726

Pennie Latin explores what happens inside the brain during a stroke.

Waking in his hotel room Eric Sinclair was paralysed down his left side, his mouth dry and his tongue heavy. He called for help, but all he could do was make a small squeaking sound. He knew very little about stroke until that day, but he was one of the 15,000 people a year who suffer a stroke.

Stroke is the third commonest cause of death in Scotland and the most common cause of severe physical disability among adults. Of 100 people going into hospital alive, over a quarter won't survive the first year. Of those who do, many will be permanently disabled. Stroke doesn't just affect the elderly, it is unpredictable and can affect all ages.

So what is it like to actually experience a stroke? What is happening inside the brain and body of a stroke patient as this attack on the brain unfolds and where has science got to in terms of explaining stroke, its prevention and the long path to recovery?

Waking in his hotel room Eric Sinclair was paralysed down his left side, his mouth dry and his tongue heavy. He called for help, but all he could do was make a small squeaking sound. He knew very little about stroke until that day, but he was one of the 15,000 people a year who suffer a stroke.

Stroke is the third commonest cause of death in Scotland and the most common cause of severe physical disability among adults. Of 100 people going into hospital alive, over a quarter won't survive the first year. Of those who do, many will be permanently disabled. Stroke doesn't just affect the elderly, it is unpredictable and can affect all ages.

So what is it like to actually experience a stroke? What is happening inside the brain and body of a stroke patient as this attack on the brain unfolds and where has science got to in terms of explaining stroke, its prevention and the long path to recovery?

0403Professor Iain Stewart2017012420170802

Pennie Latin meets Iain Stewart, professor of geoscience communication.

Iain Stewart is Professor of Geoscience Communication at Plymouth University. What that really means is that he is a geologist that spends much of his time writing and talking about our planet - how it works, its volatile history and what all that means for those living on it.

His work has involved not only looking back millions of years into our past, but trying to work out what we can learn about our future from the inter-relationships between people, places and the environment in our geological history.

Recorded on one of Edinburgh's seven dormant volcanoes, in this episode of Brainwaves Iain Stewart explains how a better understanding of geoscience is far more than just the geology under our feet and how geologists around the world seem to be one lifelong fieldtrip where ever they go.

Iain Stewart is Professor of Geoscience Communication at Plymouth University. What that really means is that he is a geologist that spends much of his time writing and talking about our planet - how it works, its volatile history and what all that means for those living on it.

His work has involved not only looking back millions of years into our past, but trying to work out what we can learn about our future from the inter-relationships between people, places and the environment in our geological history.

Recorded on one of Edinburgh's seven dormant volcanoes, in this episode of Brainwaves Iain Stewart explains how a better understanding of geoscience is far more than just the geology under our feet and how geologists around the world seem to be one lifelong fieldtrip where ever they go.

0404Urban Mining2017013120170809

Time for your phone upgrade? What did you do with the old one? Stick it in a drawer, hand it back to your phone company or just throw it away.

Have you ever considered that your smartphone might be a treasure trove of precious metals, a rich vein of gold, silver and platinum? Welcome to the world of the Urban Miners.

And it's not just smartphones; almost anything with a circuit board contains precious metal of some sort. If you add up all the electronic and electrical waste across Scotland you have a small mountain of pre-loved devices and appliances. But stored within that mountain are rich seams of precious metals just waiting to be mined and potentially turned back into something else.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin discovers how gold is being retrieved from smartphones, platinum from road sweepings in richer and more environmentally friendly ways than the original mining process.

This re-using of materials leads to the onset of the circular economy and potential for huge innovation, design and invention, which is being driven here in Scotland by the Institute of Remanufacture and Zero Waste Scotland who say that in a world of limited resources, re-using, re-furbishing and remanufacturing my be the only realistic way forward.

Pennie Latin explores how gold is being recovered from unused smartphones.

Time for your phone upgrade? What did you do with the old one? Stick it in a drawer, hand it back to your phone company or just throw it away.

Have you ever considered that your smartphone might be a treasure trove of precious metals, a rich vein of gold, silver and platinum? Welcome to the world of the Urban Miners.

And it's not just smartphones; almost anything with a circuit board contains precious metal of some sort. If you add up all the electronic and electrical waste across Scotland you have a small mountain of pre-loved devices and appliances. But stored within that mountain are rich seams of precious metals just waiting to be mined and potentially turned back into something else.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin discovers how gold is being retrieved from smartphones, platinum from road sweepings in richer and more environmentally friendly ways than the original mining process.

This re-using of materials leads to the onset of the circular economy and potential for huge innovation, design and invention, which is being driven here in Scotland by the Institute of Remanufacture and Zero Waste Scotland who say that in a world of limited resources, re-using, re-furbishing and remanufacturing may be the only realistic way forward.

0405Antimicrobial Resistance20170207

If we do nothing, up to 10 million people a year across the globe will die due to drug resistant bacterial infections by 2050. Antimicrobial Resistance isn't just a massive international problem, it is a problem that faces every single one of us here in Scotland.

Bacteria found in Scotland's population are already resistant to the antibiotics of last resort and according to Health Protection Scotland we are facing a substantial Public Health Risk.

So what's the answer? That's something that researchers across Scotland are busy trying to crack both through innovation in diagnostics and treatment.

On the treatment side, new technology already in use in NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde is cutting bacterial infection identification times from over 24 hours to nearer 24 minutes. Other researchers are suggesting the future lies in the past with a return to 'phage' therapy - a viable treatment for infection for over 100 years but the discovery of Penicillin and onset of antibiotic treatments pushed it to one side.

Another angle of attack is through the pioneering research of the Cronin Group in Glasgow which is taking the fight back to the bacteria with a remarkable new concept - 3D printing bacteria identification kits.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin meets some of the Scottish scientists fighting the global war against antimicrobial resistance to find out how we need to change our relationship with antibiotics and our attitude to the role of medicine in healthcare.

0406The Northern Lights20170221

Everyone will remember the first time they saw the Northern Lights dance across the night sky. For some it will have been a deeply moving moment, for others, time to capture a photograph. For cultures and communities going back 100's of years the aurora borealis have meant many different things, from the spirits of the dead being whisked away to the omens of the Gods.

Whatever your belief, it is impossible to not look at this mythical dance of colours in the night sky as anything other than beautiful. Plasma scientist, Dr Melanie Windridge has devoted herself to understanding the science of the aurora borealis and recording the human connection with them.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Melanie explains why there are different colours, how the dancing waves of the lights are a kind of earthly Thai Chi and while the aurora might be beautiful it is actually vital to protect us from violent space weather as we become a more and more tech dependant world.

0407Antimicrobial Resistance20170816

Pennie Latin looks at how Scotland is trying to fight antimicrobial resistance.

If we do nothing, up to 10 million people a year across the globe will die due to drug resistant bacterial infections by 2050. Antimicrobial Resistance isn't just a massive international problem, it is a problem that faces every single one of us here in Scotland.

Bacteria found in Scotland's population are already resistant to the antibiotics of last resort and according to Health Protection Scotland we are facing a substantial Public Health Risk.

So what's the answer? That's something that researchers across Scotland are busy trying to crack both through innovation in diagnostics and treatment.

On the treatment side, new technology already in use in NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde is cutting bacterial infection identification times from over 24 hours to nearer 24 minutes. Other researchers are suggesting the future lies in the past with a return to 'phage' therapy - a viable treatment for infection for over 100 years but the discovery of Penicillin and onset of antibiotic treatments pushed it to one side.

Another angle of attack is through the pioneering research of the Cronin Group in Glasgow which is taking the fight back to the bacteria with a remarkable new concept - 3D printing bacteria identification kits.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin meets some of the Scottish scientists fighting the global war against antimicrobial resistance to find out how we need to change our relationship with antibiotics and our attitude to the role of medicine in healthcare.

0407Soundscape Ecology20170228

The sound of the world around us provides us with key indicators to the health of our planet. How those sounds change over time and in space can show how the well-being of earth is changing, both naturally and through man's impact.

Soundscape ecology is the study of nature's sounds - from the lapping of the ocean's waves and the rustle of leaves, to the rutting roars of red deer and the whistling of whales and dolphins.

But the sound of our world is changing, advances in recording technology mean that we can now very easily listen to that change. But one of the key things for science though is being able to analyse that soundscape and relate it how the natural world is changing.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin talks to those who have spent years recording the evolving soundscape of our planet, explores how the sound is being analysed and discovers how sound is being used to measure re-wilding in parts of the Highlands.

0408Professor Richard Morris20170307

When Richard Morris was a physics student he volunteered to be a subject in a psychology experiment. It triggered a fascination with the brain that led to him become one of the world's leading neuroscientists.

His lifetime work has focused on memory and why, in his own words, it's such an interesting thing. Consider what life would be like if we didn't have memory. Who would we be, how would we know our place in the world? In 2016 for his work looking at how we form memory and specifically the intricate cellular functions created during the memory making process, Professor Richard Morris was awarded The Brain Prize.

It was walking past fish tanks in the back of a marine biology laboratory that originally gave him the idea for an experiment that would change the way we understand how memory is formed. An idea he himself describes as being ludicrously simple. The Water Maze became and still is a standard experiment used in labs around the world to analyse memory.

This early work focused on how we form memory, today his fascination lies in what happens when our memory starts to fail.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores our memory with Professor Richard Morris and why he thinks it's one of the grand challenges of neuroscience.

0408Soundscape Ecology20170823

Pennie Latin explores how sound reflects the evolving world we live in.

The sound of the world around us provides us with key indicators to the health of our planet. How those sounds change over time and in space can show how the well-being of earth is changing, both naturally and through man's impact.

Soundscape ecology is the study of nature's sounds - from the lapping of the ocean's waves and the rustle of leaves, to the rutting roars of red deer and the whistling of whales and dolphins.

But the sound of our world is changing, advances in recording technology mean that we can now very easily listen to that change. But one of the key things for science though is being able to analyse that soundscape and relate it how the natural world is changing.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin talks to those who have spent years recording the evolving soundscape of our planet, explores how the sound is being analysed and discovers how sound is being used to measure re-wilding in parts of the Highlands.

0409The Moon20170314

We've been fascinated by it for thousands of years. It was the target of a 20th century technological arms race that would put the first humans in space and on extra-terrestrial soil, sparking exponential advances in spaceflight.

Man got there, then left, and hasn't been back for 45 years. But now private investors, Kickstarter funds and international space agencies are clamouring to return. For something we see in the sky most nights it still holds an air of mystique. The Moon.

As the European Space Agency prepares to land on the lunar surface again this episode of Brainwaves looks at the fascinating relationship between earth and its moon, hearing from those who have orbited the moon and those who are planning to return to it to form a human colony.

0410Fracking20170321

doesn't just open up rocks, it divides all kinds of communities across Scotland.

In January 2015 the Scottish Government announced a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing taking place in Scotland, putting in place ban on fracking shale rock for oil and gas, while they further consider the implications of fracking.

Lots of us have heard the back and forth about whether we should or should not entertain fracking as an answer to our energy requirements in Scotland but how much of that is based strictly upon science?

In this Brainwaves Pennie Latin explores the science of hydraulic fracturing as a method of extracting oil and gas from the carboniferous shale reserves of Scotland's Midland Valley and picks apart how a detailed understanding and analysis of Scotland's specific geology and landscape helps us to understand both what potential reserves of oil and gas there might be under our feet but also what are the possible implications of mining those reserves through fracking.

0410Professor Richard Morris20170906

Pennie Latin talks to Prof Richard Morris about how the brain and memory create identity.

When Richard Morris was a physics student he volunteered to be a subject in a psychology experiment. It triggered a fascination with the brain that led to him become one of the world's leading neuroscientists.

His lifetime work has focused on memory and why, in his own words, it's such an interesting thing. Consider what life would be like if we didn't have memory. Who would we be, how would we know our place in the world? In 2016 for his work looking at how we form memory and specifically the intricate cellular functions created during the memory making process, Professor Richard Morris was awarded The Brain Prize.

It was walking past fish tanks in the back of a marine biology laboratory that originally gave him the idea for an experiment that would change the way we understand how memory is formed. An idea he himself describes as being ludicrously simple. The Water Maze became and still is a standard experiment used in labs around the world to analyse memory.

This early work focused on how we form memory, today his fascination lies in what happens when our memory starts to fail.

In this episode of Brainwaves, Pennie Latin explores our memory with Professor Richard Morris and why he thinks it's one of the grand challenges of neuroscience.

0411Professor Vincent Janik20170328

Underneath the waves of Scotland's seas there is a hive of communication going on. Clicks, shrieks, calls and whistles that can be heard for over 15kms. They are highly developed forms of communication, some evidence even shows local dialects among our two main native populations of Bottlenose dolphin in Scotland.

What started as a career trying to work out the similarities between how animals and humans perceive the world around them led Professor Vincent Janik, Director of Scottish Oceans institute at St. Andrews University, to focussing his work on the nuances of how dolphins address each other, how they communicate.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin explores what makes dolphin communication some of the most advanced of the animal kingdom and what we can learn about the development of language and brain function in humans by comparing ourselves to the dolphins.

0411The Moon20170913

Pennie Latin looks at the race to return to the moon.

We've been fascinated by it for thousands of years. It was the target of a 20th century technological arms race that would put the first humans in space and on extra-terrestrial soil, sparking exponential advances in spaceflight.

Man got there, then left, and hasn't been back for 45 years. But now private investors, Kickstarter funds and international space agencies are clamouring to return. For something we see in the sky most nights it still holds an air of mystique. The Moon.

As the European Space Agency prepares to land on the lunar surface again this episode of Brainwaves looks at the fascinating relationship between earth and its moon, hearing from those who have orbited the moon and those who are planning to return to it to form a human colony.

0412Professor Lorna Dawson20170405

A farmer's daughter from Angus, soil has been in Professor Lorna Dawson's family for generations. She just didn't expect her relationship with soil to lead her into a scientific career of solving crime. Now Principal Soil Scientist at the James Hutton Institute she has for over 25 years' researched soil and plant interactions.

It was when she was an Edinburgh geology student that her mind was drawn towards forensics. One evening 2 teenage girls went missing from near her student halls, they turned up dead the next day. Little did Lorna know that one day she would become pivotal in the forensic case of The World's End murders.

Her role as Head of the Soil Forensic Science Group has led her to work on over 70 criminal cases across the globe. It's the detailed analysis of the microbial DNA held within the soil that has led to her pioneering work becoming so effective at finding bodies, caches of drugs and overturning alibi's in courtrooms.

There is however one case that she has been working on for several years which remains incomplete. In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin joins Lorna Dawson on site as she starts a new search for the remains of the missing Scottish schoolgirl Moira Anderson.

0412Professor Vincent Janik20170920

Pennie Latin explores dolphin communication with Professor Vincent Janik.

Underneath the waves of Scotland's seas there is a hive of communication going on. Clicks, shrieks, calls and whistles that can be heard for over 15kms. They are highly developed forms of communication, some evidence even shows local dialects among our two main native populations of Bottlenose dolphin in Scotland.

What started as a career trying to work out the similarities between how animals and humans perceive the world around them led Professor Vincent Janik, Director of Scottish Oceans institute at St. Andrews University, to focussing his work on the nuances of how dolphins address each other, how they communicate.

In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin explores what makes dolphin communication some of the most advanced of the animal kingdom and what we can learn about the development of language and brain function in humans by comparing ourselves to the dolphins.

0413Professor Lorna Dawson20170927

Pennie Latin meets forensic soil scientist Professor Lorna Dawson.

A farmer's daughter from Angus, soil has been in Professor Lorna Dawson's family for generations. She just didn't expect her relationship with soil to lead her into a scientific career of solving crime. Now Principal Soil Scientist at the James Hutton Institute she has for over 25 years' researched soil and plant interactions.

It was when she was an Edinburgh geology student that her mind was drawn towards forensics. One evening 2 teenage girls went missing from near her student halls, they turned up dead the next day. Little did Lorna know that one day she would become pivotal in the forensic case of The World's End murders.

Her role as Head of the Soil Forensic Science Group has led her to work on over 70 criminal cases across the globe. It's the detailed analysis of the microbial DNA held within the soil that has led to her pioneering work becoming so effective at finding bodies, caches of drugs and overturning alibi's in courtrooms.

There is however one case that she has been working on for several years which remains incomplete. In this episode of Brainwaves Pennie Latin joins Lorna Dawson on site as she starts a new search for the remains of the missing Scottish schoolgirl Moira Anderson.

05Nuclear Waste And The F Word With Professor Polly Arnold2018030720180923 (RS)
20180919 (RS)

Pennie Latin meets Professor Polly Arnold, from the University of Edinburgh.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Pennie Latin meets the founder of Sci Sisters and the Crum Brown Chair of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh, Professor Polly Arnold

Polly's work focuses around two fundamental forms of waste. She spends her time as chemist lurking around the bottom end of the Periodic Table with elements like uranium and plutonium. This waste she is interested in is nuclear waste and primarily how will it behave as it decays in the future.

The other waste she focuses her attention to is what she sees as the waste of talented women who, for a variety of reasons, leave their careers in STEM. To address this she started SciSisters, a network for women in STEM to provide a platform for promoting their areas of expertise and at the same time providing support for women working in a field with a strong gender imbalance.

Pennie Latin meets Professor Polly Arnold, from the University of Edinburgh.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Pennie Latin meets the founder of Sci Sisters and the Crum Brown Chair of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh, Professor Polly Arnold

Polly's work focuses around two fundamental forms of waste. She spends her time as chemist lurking around the bottom end of the Periodic Table with elements like uranium and plutonium. This waste she is interested in is nuclear waste and primarily how will it behave as it decays in the future.

The other waste she focuses her attention to is what she sees as the waste of talented women who, for a variety of reasons, leave their careers in STEM. To address this she started SciSisters, a network for women in STEM to provide a platform for promoting their areas of expertise and at the same time providing support for women working in a field with a strong gender imbalance.

Pennie Latin meets Professor Polly Arnold, from the University of Edinburgh.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Pennie Latin meets the founder of Sci Sisters and the Crum Brown Chair of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh, Professor Polly Arnold

Polly's work focuses around two fundamental forms of waste. She spends her time as chemist lurking around the bottom end of the Periodic Table with elements like uranium and plutonium. This waste she is interested in is nuclear waste and primarily how will it behave as it decays in the future.

The other waste she focuses her attention to is what she sees as the waste of talented women who, for a variety of reasons, leave their careers in STEM. To address this she started SciSisters, a network for women in STEM to provide a platform for promoting their areas of expertise and at the same time providing support for women working in a field with a strong gender imbalance.

0501The Adolescent Brain2017122020171224 (RS)
20180725 (RS)
20180729 (RS)

Pennie Latin examines how our brains evolve and develop as we go through adolescence.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Until recently, it was thought that our brains were fully developed by early childhood.

Driven by the assumption that brain growth was pretty much complete by the time a child began school, scientists believed for years that the adolescent brain was essentially an adult one, only with fewer miles on it.

But over the last two decades the scientific community has learned that the teenage years encompass vitally important stages of brain development and research has shown that the adolescent brain is still changing into early adulthood. This has impacts on learning and multitasking, stress and memory, sleep, addiction, and decision-making. For parents, these consequences often manifest themselves in a variety of behaviours.

In this episode of Brainwaves on The Adolescent Brain, Pennie Latin examines the relatively young field of teenage neurology. Examining what science has discovered about brain functioning, wiring and capacity to try and explain how these eye-opening findings not only dispel commonly held myths, but also yield practical suggestions that will help adults and teenagers negotiate the often frustrating and misunderstood adolescent years.

0502Snow And Ice20171227

Pennie Latin explores the science of snow and ice.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

An intricate yet delicate six sided crystal floats down to earth. It becomes powerful enough to carve our landscape. It is cold enough to kill us and if it becomes unstable it can move at hundreds of miles per hour. All this, yet that crystal is composed of one of life's absolute essentials, water. This Brainwaves is all about the surprising, quirky and fascinating science behind something we all experience in a Scottish winter - Snow and Ice.

From the startling beauty of ice crystal formation to the science of drilling down to find the oldest ice on the planet. Pennie Latin climbs mountains, goes back in time and asks what makes the perfect snowball in this intriguing episode of Brainwaves that will make you look out the window wishing for the next snowfall.

0503Child Tissue Donation20180103

Pennie Latin talks to Sarah Gray about donating her child's tissue to scientific research.

Would you, could you or should you donate your body to science? That might be a hard enough question to answer but what about donating your children's tissue to research after their death. This is exactly the situation Sarah Gray and her husband found themselves in when one of their twins, Thomas, died.

Thomas, was born with anencephaly and died 6 days after birth. Sarah and her husband donated Thomas's tissues for scientific research. With time Sarah's desire to know what Thomas's tissue has been used for got the better of her. She went on an extraordinary journey to understand the full extent of Thomas's legacy, visiting the institutions which had received parts of his liver and eyes and tracing the scientific impact of his donation.

Joanne Mullarky is a research nurse at the University of Bradford's Human Tissue Bank. When she heard Sarah's story she changed the way she worked and now today thinks that a stronger relationship between academic institutions and donor parents is vital to increasing the amount of tissue donated. Tissue that is currently rarely donated.

A Brainwaves special recorded in front a live audience at the Edinburgh International Book Festival. Honest, thought provoking and profoundly moving, Sarah's story of Thomas's donation will question the way we think about life after death and the extraordinary gift of giving a dead body to science.

0504The Scottish Wildcat2018011020180801 (RS)
20180805 (RS)

Pennie Latin explores efforts to save the endangered Scottish Wildcat.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Facing imminent extinction the Scottish Wildcat used to to be found widely across the country. Today the most optimistic population count suggests there are around 315 individual wildcats left and they are only in the north of Scotland. Experts have suggested we may have only 5 years to save the species.

In response Scottish Wildcat Action is the first national conservation plan with a vision to restore viable population of Scottish wildcats into the Highlands. Their plan is a multifaceted approach. It involves tagging, tracking and mapping wildcats in their natural habitat. Domestic cat owners have a role to play too. The biggest threat to the wildcat is hybridisation with domestic and feral cats. Which begs the question should we be neutering domestic cats that are near wildcat habitats? And if all this fails should we follow what worked for the Iberian Lynx and develop a captive bred population with the intention of releasing them into the wild later on?

But is it too late and at what cost? Should we really be ploughing all these resources and expertise into saving them?

In this Brainwaves Pennie Latin meets some of the researchers, conservationists and scientists who are trying save the iconic Scottish Wildcat.

0505Prof Sethu Vijayakumar2018011720180808 (RS)
20180812 (RS)

Pennie Latin meets Sethu Vijayakumar, Professor of Robotics at the University of Edinburgh

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

What role will robots play in our lives in the future? We already interact with robots on a daily basis but with the development of intelligent, free-thinking robots our relationship with them will change.

Sethu Vijayakumar, Professor of Robotics at the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh and judge on BBC2's Robot Wars, has spent his career in robotics pioneering the use of large scale machine learning techniques for use in healthcare, in our homes and in ground breaking unmanned missions to Mars, the precursor to a potential human Martian colony.

We shouldn't be afraid of robots, he says. Instead we need to become comfortable that robots will be more efficient than us and make less mistakes than us. Our future is shared and fully autonomous robots. Humans just need to become content with relinquishing some control of our world.

In this Brainwaves, Pennie Latin meets Sethu Vijayakumar in his lab in Edinburgh, along with some of his robots - from a relatively simple prosthetic forearm to one of the most advanced humanoid robots in the world, Valkyrie.

0506Me - The Invisible Disease20180124

Brainwaves on ME - confusion, misunderstanding, misdirection, misdiagnosis and misery.

0507Dr Thomas Bak2018013120180815 (RS)
20180819 (RS)

Should we offer language classes on the NHS? Pennie Latin meets Dr Thomas Bak.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Should we offer language classes on the NHS? Could bilingualism be more beneficial than medication when it comes to a strong, healthy brain and is monolingualism making us ill?

In this Brainwaves, Pennie Latin meets the man behind those bold ideas. Dr Thomas Bak is Reader in Psychology at the University of Edinburgh and clinical research fellow at the Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic.

A plurilingualist and Gaelic learner, originally from Poland, now based in Scotland his work focuses on the interaction between bilingualism and cognitive functions across our lifetime, in particular the effects of language learning in delaying diseases such as dementia.

0508How To Stay Sharp2018020720180822 (RS)
20180826 (RS)

Pennie Latin meets Dr Alan Gow to find out how we can stay sharper for longer into life.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

It's all very well being told that the best way to stave off ageing is to do, think, eat or behave in a certain way when you're young, but when you are young, you don't ever believe you're going to get old, so by the time you are getting old it's too late. You've frittered away you're entire youth partying, denying your body sleep and exercise and eating junk food so by the time you're 40, you look 50 and feel 60, aaaaaagh!

But is it really too late? Is there something we could, should, might do in middle age to hold back the tidal wave of old age? Welcome to The Intervention Factory - an on-going Scottish research project, designed by Associate Professor from Heriot Watt, Dr Alan Gow, aimed at understanding which ordinary, everyday actions and behaviours could be the key to helping us stay sharper for longer.

In this Brainwaves, Pennie Latin listens in to Alan's Edinburgh Fringe Show at the Cabaret of Dangerous Ideas based on our cognitive decline and then explores the a piece of research called the What Keeps You Sharp survey which explores how accurate our own ideas are about what does and doesn't keep us younger for longer.

0509An Adventure In Skin2018022120180829 (RS)
20180902 (RS)

Pennie Latin delves through the layers the largest organ of the body, our skin.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Body organs aren't all internal like the brain or the heart. There's one we wear on the outside. Skin is our largest organ, it covers over 2m2. This fleshy covering does a lot more than make us look presentable. In fact, without it, we'd literally evaporate.

Skin acts as a waterproof, insulating shield, guarding the body against extremes of temperature, damaging sunlight, and harmful chemicals. It also exudes antibacterial substances that prevent infection and manufactures vitamin D for converting calcium into healthy bones. Our skin is a huge sensor packed with nerves for keeping the brain in touch with the outside world. At the same time, skin allows us free movement, proving itself an amazingly versatile organ.

From the anatomy class to the skin labs of the future, this Brainwaves looks at this extraordinary organ that we all share and the science behind some cutting edge innovation happening to replace, repair and improve damaged skin.

0510Professor Tracey Wilkinson2018022820180905 (RS)
20180909 (RS)

Pennie Latin meets anatomist Professor Tracey Wilkinson.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

How many of us spend our days surrounded by dead bodies? For Professor Tracey Wilkinson, the Principal Anatomist at the University of Dundee, it is part of her everyday. Tracey is current Cox Chair of Anatomy at the University which is celebrating the 130th Anniversary of the position in 2018.

The Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification was the first in the UK to introduce the Thiel soft fix approach to embalming, leading to research which has resulted in new and improved surgical procedures and the design and development of new medical technologies and surgical devices.

Starting in the dissecting room, in this Brainwaves, Pennie Latin follows Tracey for a day to find out more about her role as Principle Anatomist, the research she heads ups and how her passion for anatomy is being passed on to medical students, surgeons and researchers around the world.

How many of us spend our days surrounded by dead bodies? For Professor Tracey Wilkinson, the Principle Anatomist at the University of Dundee, it is part of her everyday. Tracey is current Cox Chair of Anatomy at the University which is celebrating the 130th Anniversary of the position in 2018.

The Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification was the first in the UK to introduce the Thiel soft fix approach to embalming, leading to research which has resulted in new and improved surgical procedures and the design and development of new medical technologies and surgical devices.

Starting in the dissecting room, in this Brainwaves, Pennie Latin follows Tracey for a day to find out more about her role as Principle Anatomist, the research she heads ups and how her passion for anatomy is being passed on to medical students, surgeons and researchers around the world.

0511Professor Polly Arnold2018030720180311 (RS)
20180919 (RS)
20180923 (RS)

Pennie Latin meets Professor Polly Arnold, from the University of Edinburgh.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Pennie Latin meets the founder of Sci Sisters and the Crum Brown Chair of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh, Professor Polly Arnold

Polly's work focus's around two fundamental forms of waste. She spends her time as chemist lurking around the bottom end of the Periodic Table with elements like uranium and plutonium. This waste she is interested in is nuclear waste and primarily how will it behave as it decays in the future.

The other waste she focuses her attention to is what she sees as the waste of talented women who, for a variety of reasons, leave their careers in STEM. To address this she started SciSisters, a network for women in STEM to provide a platform for promoting their areas of expertise and at the same time providing support for women working in a field with a strong gender imbalance.

Pennie Latin meets the founder of Sci Sisters and the Crum Brown Chair of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh, Professor Polly Arnold

Polly's work focuses around two fundamental forms of waste. She spends her time as chemist lurking around the bottom end of the Periodic Table with elements like uranium and plutonium. This waste she is interested in is nuclear waste and primarily how will it behave as it decays in the future.

The other waste she focuses her attention to is what she sees as the waste of talented women who, for a variety of reasons, leave their careers in STEM. To address this she started SciSisters, a network for women in STEM to provide a platform for promoting their areas of expertise and at the same time providing support for women working in a field with a strong gender imbalance.

0512The Problem With Plastic2018031420180318 (RS)
20180926 (RS)
20180930 (RS)

Pennie Latin explores what is the big problem with plastic.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.

Pennie Latin explores what is the big problem with plastic.

Pennie Latin explores the science behind the everyday.