Declaration Of, The [Radio Scotland]

Episodes

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Broadcast
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April 6th2020040720200412 (RS)From the elegance of medieval Latin rhetoric in programme 1, we are plunged into the very different milieu of modern Manhattan as the Tartan Day parade marches up 6th Avenue. Against the skirl of the pipes, we talk to Scots Americans about the campaign to have their culture recognised on April 6. This is from U.S. Senate Resolution 155, March 20, 1998.
“April 6 has a special significance for all Americans, and especially those Americans of Scottish descent, because the Declaration of Arbroath, the Scottish Declaration of Independence, was signed on April 6, 1320 and the American Declaration of Independence was modeled on that inspirational document. ?
While there is no direct evidence this is in fact the case, Billy will outline substantial circumstantial evidence which suggests that the two documents were connected through the influence there of the Scottish Enlightenment.
We will discover how the Declaration was kept alive in Scottish consciousness before it was finally printed in the 1680s and hear of its influence in the Union debate of 1707. In the 18th century, James Boswell quoted from it in his book about the Corsican freedom fighter, Pascquale Paoli, while in the university library in Leipzig during the Grand Tour, he comes across a copy of the Declaration and regales astonished scholars:
“My old spirit got up. I read them choice passages from the Barons’ letter to the Pope. They were struck with the noble sentiments, at the liberty of the old Scots and they expressed their regret at the shameful Union. I felt too, patriot sorrow - o infamous rascals who sold the honour of your country to a nation against which our ancestors supported themselves with so much glory! But I say no more but only, alas, poor Scotland! “

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and its legacy in America.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

From the elegance of medieval Latin rhetoric in programme 1, we are plunged into the very different milieu of modern Manhattan as the Tartan Day parade marches up 6th Avenue. Against the skirl of the pipes, we talk to Scots Americans about the campaign to have their culture recognised on April 6. This is from U.S. Senate Resolution 155, March 20, 1998.
“April 6 has a special significance for all Americans, and especially those Americans of Scottish descent, because the Declaration of Arbroath, the Scottish Declaration of Independence, was signed on April 6, 1320 and the American Declaration of Independence was modeled on that inspirational document.”
While there is no direct evidence this is in fact the case, Billy will outline substantial circumstantial evidence which suggests that the two documents were connected through the influence there of the Scottish Enlightenment.
We will discover how the Declaration was kept alive in Scottish consciousness before it was finally printed in the 1680s and hear of its influence in the Union debate of 1707. In the 18th century, James Boswell quoted from it in his book about the Corsican freedom fighter, Pascquale Paoli, while in the university library in Leipzig during the Grand Tour, he comes across a copy of the Declaration and regales astonished scholars:
“My old spirit got up. I read them choice passages from the Barons’ letter to the Pope. They were struck with the noble sentiments, at the liberty of the old Scots and they expressed their regret at the shameful Union. I felt too, patriot sorrow - o infamous rascals who sold the honour of your country to a nation against which our ancestors supported themselves with so much glory! But I say no more but only, alas, poor Scotland! “

April 6th20200407From the elegance of medieval Latin rhetoric in programme 1, we are plunged into the very different milieu of modern Manhattan as the Tartan Day parade marches up 6th Avenue. Against the skirl of the pipes, we talk to Scots Americans about the campaign to have their culture recognised on April 6. This is from U.S. Senate Resolution 155, March 20, 1998.
“April 6 has a special significance for all Americans, and especially those Americans of Scottish descent, because the Declaration of Arbroath, the Scottish Declaration of Independence, was signed on April 6, 1320 and the American Declaration of Independence was modeled on that inspirational document.”
While there is no direct evidence this is in fact the case, Billy will outline substantial circumstantial evidence which suggests that the two documents were connected through the influence there of the Scottish Enlightenment.
We will discover how the Declaration was kept alive in Scottish consciousness before it was finally printed in the 1680s and hear of its influence in the Union debate of 1707. In the 18th century, James Boswell quoted from it in his book about the Corsican freedom fighter, Pascquale Paoli, while in the university library in Leipzig during the Grand Tour, he comes across a copy of the Declaration and regales astonished scholars:
“My old spirit got up. I read them choice passages from the Barons’ letter to the Pope. They were struck with the noble sentiments, at the liberty of the old Scots and they expressed their regret at the shameful Union. I felt too, patriot sorrow - o infamous rascals who sold the honour of your country to a nation against which our ancestors supported themselves with so much glory! But I say no more but only, alas, poor Scotland! “

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and its legacy in America.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

April 6th2020040720200412 (RS)From the elegance of medieval Latin rhetoric in programme 1, we are plunged into the very different milieu of modern Manhattan as the Tartan Day parade marches up 6th Avenue. Against the skirl of the pipes, we talk to Scots Americans about the campaign to have their culture recognised on April 6. This is from U.S. Senate Resolution 155, March 20, 1998.
“April 6 has a special significance for all Americans, and especially those Americans of Scottish descent, because the Declaration of Arbroath, the Scottish Declaration of Independence, was signed on April 6, 1320 and the American Declaration of Independence was modeled on that inspirational document.”
While there is no direct evidence this is in fact the case, Billy will outline substantial circumstantial evidence which suggests that the two documents were connected through the influence there of the Scottish Enlightenment.
We will discover how the Declaration was kept alive in Scottish consciousness before it was finally printed in the 1680s and hear of its influence in the Union debate of 1707. In the 18th century, James Boswell quoted from it in his book about the Corsican freedom fighter, Pascquale Paoli, while in the university library in Leipzig during the Grand Tour, he comes across a copy of the Declaration and regales astonished scholars:
“My old spirit got up. I read them choice passages from the Barons’ letter to the Pope. They were struck with the noble sentiments, at the liberty of the old Scots and they expressed their regret at the shameful Union. I felt too, patriot sorrow - o infamous rascals who sold the honour of your country to a nation against which our ancestors supported themselves with so much glory! But I say no more but only, alas, poor Scotland! “

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and its legacy in America.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

The Abbey of Arbroath2020040820200412 (RS)In the final programme Billy looks at the contemporary relevance of the Declaration and explores its growing influence through the rise of modern Scottish nationalism in the late 20th and early 21st century. We hear a BBC archive clip of a remarkable Oxford Union debate in 1964 when Hugh MacDiarmid shared a platform with Malcolm X! There MacDiarmid quotes the famous passage about the Scots from the Declaration “It is not for glory or riches or honours that we fight, but only for liberty, which no good man will consent to lose but with his life ? but then concludes that “my people have done little but betray that ever since! ?
One of the reasons for its increasing recognition was the availability of facsimile copies. The Burns Federation e.g. presented an engraving, text and translation of it to every secondary school and teachers training college in 1949, while the Scottish Records Office published a beautiful facsimile of it for the 650th anniversary in 1970. It was now conspicuous and instantly recognisable, and we will hear a passage read by the author, from one of Alexander McCall Smith’s Scotland Street novels where his characters discuss the Declaration hung on the wall of an Edinburgh coffee shop.
We will also hear from generations of Arbroath people about what the Abbey, the Declaration and the town’s historic pageant celebrating the Declaration means to them and their community. All agree with Dr Nicki Scott from Historic Environment Scotland and Billy that the Abbey is imbued with an atmosphere that echoes the importance of what was created here 700 years ago.

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and examines its legacy today.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

In the final programme Billy looks at the contemporary relevance of the Declaration and explores its growing influence through the rise of modern Scottish nationalism in the late 20th and early 21st century. We hear a BBC archive clip of a remarkable Oxford Union debate in 1964 when Hugh MacDiarmid shared a platform with Malcolm X! There MacDiarmid quotes the famous passage about the Scots from the Declaration “It is not for glory or riches or honours that we fight, but only for liberty, which no good man will consent to lose but with his life” but then concludes that “my people have done little but betray that ever since!”
One of the reasons for its increasing recognition was the availability of facsimile copies. The Burns Federation e.g. presented an engraving, text and translation of it to every secondary school and teachers training college in 1949, while the Scottish Records Office published a beautiful facsimile of it for the 650th anniversary in 1970. It was now conspicuous and instantly recognisable, and we will hear a passage read by the author, from one of Alexander McCall Smith’s Scotland Street novels where his characters discuss the Declaration hung on the wall of an Edinburgh coffee shop.
We will also hear from generations of Arbroath people about what the Abbey, the Declaration and the town’s historic pageant celebrating the Declaration means to them and their community. All agree with Dr Nicki Scott from Historic Environment Scotland and Billy that the Abbey is imbued with an atmosphere that echoes the importance of what was created here 700 years ago.

The Abbey of Arbroath20200408In the final programme Billy looks at the contemporary relevance of the Declaration and explores its growing influence through the rise of modern Scottish nationalism in the late 20th and early 21st century. We hear a BBC archive clip of a remarkable Oxford Union debate in 1964 when Hugh MacDiarmid shared a platform with Malcolm X! There MacDiarmid quotes the famous passage about the Scots from the Declaration “It is not for glory or riches or honours that we fight, but only for liberty, which no good man will consent to lose but with his life” but then concludes that “my people have done little but betray that ever since!”
One of the reasons for its increasing recognition was the availability of facsimile copies. The Burns Federation e.g. presented an engraving, text and translation of it to every secondary school and teachers training college in 1949, while the Scottish Records Office published a beautiful facsimile of it for the 650th anniversary in 1970. It was now conspicuous and instantly recognisable, and we will hear a passage read by the author, from one of Alexander McCall Smith’s Scotland Street novels where his characters discuss the Declaration hung on the wall of an Edinburgh coffee shop.
We will also hear from generations of Arbroath people about what the Abbey, the Declaration and the town’s historic pageant celebrating the Declaration means to them and their community. All agree with Dr Nicki Scott from Historic Environment Scotland and Billy that the Abbey is imbued with an atmosphere that echoes the importance of what was created here 700 years ago.

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and examines its legacy today.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

The Abbey of Arbroath2020040820200412 (RS)In the final programme Billy looks at the contemporary relevance of the Declaration and explores its growing influence through the rise of modern Scottish nationalism in the late 20th and early 21st century. We hear a BBC archive clip of a remarkable Oxford Union debate in 1964 when Hugh MacDiarmid shared a platform with Malcolm X! There MacDiarmid quotes the famous passage about the Scots from the Declaration “It is not for glory or riches or honours that we fight, but only for liberty, which no good man will consent to lose but with his life” but then concludes that “my people have done little but betray that ever since!”
One of the reasons for its increasing recognition was the availability of facsimile copies. The Burns Federation e.g. presented an engraving, text and translation of it to every secondary school and teachers training college in 1949, while the Scottish Records Office published a beautiful facsimile of it for the 650th anniversary in 1970. It was now conspicuous and instantly recognisable, and we will hear a passage read by the author, from one of Alexander McCall Smith’s Scotland Street novels where his characters discuss the Declaration hung on the wall of an Edinburgh coffee shop.
We will also hear from generations of Arbroath people about what the Abbey, the Declaration and the town’s historic pageant celebrating the Declaration means to them and their community. All agree with Dr Nicki Scott from Historic Environment Scotland and Billy that the Abbey is imbued with an atmosphere that echoes the importance of what was created here 700 years ago.

Billy Kay celebrates the Declaration of Arbroath and examines its legacy today.

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

The Declaration2020040620200411 (RS)For the 700th anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath, Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish and world history. Here, he explores the history of the period of the Wars of Independence and the reason why the nobles, barons, freeholders and the community of the realm of Scotland felt compelled to create the document in 1320. Composed originally in elegant Latin prose it is addressed to Pope John XXII in Avignon who is asked by the Scots to support the cause of their nation’s independence in the face of an overweening, bullying English neighbour. In doing this, it pulls at the heart strings of patriots around the world.
“For, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom — for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself. ?
Even more revolutionary is the Deposition Clause where they state that sovereignty lies with the Scottish people, and they can depose any King who refuses to defend their status as an independent nation. At a time when most believed in the concept of the Divine Right of Kings, this precociously democratic sounding rhetoric is quite remarkable: Yet if he should give up what he has begun, seeking to make us or our kingdom subject to the king of England or the English, we would strive at once to drive him out as our enemy and a subverter of his own right and ours, and we would make some other man who was able to defend us our king.
Testimony to the declaration’s enduring international renown comes in a wonderful story of a Scot experiencing it being quoted in Russian by a Border Guard in the wilds of the Caucasus Mountains!

For its 700th anniversary, Billy Kay celebrates the history of the Declaration of Arbroath

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

For the 700th anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath, Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish and world history. Here, he explores the history of the period of the Wars of Independence and the reason why the nobles, barons, freeholders and the community of the realm of Scotland felt compelled to create the document in 1320. Composed originally in elegant Latin prose it is addressed to Pope John XXII in Avignon who is asked by the Scots to support the cause of their nation’s independence in the face of an overweening, bullying English neighbour. In doing this, it pulls at the heart strings of patriots around the world.
“For, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom — for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.”
Even more revolutionary is the Deposition Clause where they state that sovereignty lies with the Scottish people, and they can depose any King who refuses to defend their status as an independent nation. At a time when most believed in the concept of the Divine Right of Kings, this precociously democratic sounding rhetoric is quite remarkable: Yet if he should give up what he has begun, seeking to make us or our kingdom subject to the king of England or the English, we would strive at once to drive him out as our enemy and a subverter of his own right and ours, and we would make some other man who was able to defend us our king.
Testimony to the declaration’s enduring international renown comes in a wonderful story of a Scot experiencing it being quoted in Russian by a Border Guard in the wilds of the Caucasus Mountains!

The Declaration20200406For the 700th anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath, Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish and world history. Here, he explores the history of the period of the Wars of Independence and the reason why the nobles, barons, freeholders and the community of the realm of Scotland felt compelled to create the document in 1320. Composed originally in elegant Latin prose it is addressed to Pope John XXII in Avignon who is asked by the Scots to support the cause of their nation’s independence in the face of an overweening, bullying English neighbour. In doing this, it pulls at the heart strings of patriots around the world.
“For, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom — for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.”
Even more revolutionary is the Deposition Clause where they state that sovereignty lies with the Scottish people, and they can depose any King who refuses to defend their status as an independent nation. At a time when most believed in the concept of the Divine Right of Kings, this precociously democratic sounding rhetoric is quite remarkable: Yet if he should give up what he has begun, seeking to make us or our kingdom subject to the king of England or the English, we would strive at once to drive him out as our enemy and a subverter of his own right and ours, and we would make some other man who was able to defend us our king.
Testimony to the declaration’s enduring international renown comes in a wonderful story of a Scot experiencing it being quoted in Russian by a Border Guard in the wilds of the Caucasus Mountains!

For its 700th anniversary, Billy Kay celebrates the history of the Declaration of Arbroath

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.

The Declaration2020040620200411 (RS)For the 700th anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath, Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish and world history. Here, he explores the history of the period of the Wars of Independence and the reason why the nobles, barons, freeholders and the community of the realm of Scotland felt compelled to create the document in 1320. Composed originally in elegant Latin prose it is addressed to Pope John XXII in Avignon who is asked by the Scots to support the cause of their nation’s independence in the face of an overweening, bullying English neighbour. In doing this, it pulls at the heart strings of patriots around the world.
“For, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom — for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.”
Even more revolutionary is the Deposition Clause where they state that sovereignty lies with the Scottish people, and they can depose any King who refuses to defend their status as an independent nation. At a time when most believed in the concept of the Divine Right of Kings, this precociously democratic sounding rhetoric is quite remarkable: Yet if he should give up what he has begun, seeking to make us or our kingdom subject to the king of England or the English, we would strive at once to drive him out as our enemy and a subverter of his own right and ours, and we would make some other man who was able to defend us our king.
Testimony to the declaration’s enduring international renown comes in a wonderful story of a Scot experiencing it being quoted in Russian by a Border Guard in the wilds of the Caucasus Mountains!

For its 700th anniversary, Billy Kay celebrates the history of the Declaration of Arbroath

Billy Kay presents a major series on one of the most iconic moments in Scottish history.