Franz Liszt (1811-1886) [composer Of The Week]

Episodes

EpisodeTitleFirst
Broadcast
Comments
01The Ninth Wonder of the World20190121

Franz Liszt was the most photographed man of the 19th century and the most sculpted man aside from Napoleon - one of the most recognisable figures of his age. Donald Macleod delves into the life and work of the prolific composer and virtuoso pianist through five images of the composer. Liszt's acclaim as a child was such that he was even claimed to be a reincarnation of Mozart. In Monday’s episode, Donald examines an engraving of the 9 year-old Liszt after a portrait by Ferdinand de Luttgendorf-Leinburg, using it to trace the influence of Liszt's father Adam in the promotion of his son as this child prodigy extraordinaire.

50 Variations on a Waltz by Diabelli – Variation 24
Evelyne Dubourg, piano

Hungarian Rhapsody No 2
Budapest Festival Orchestra
Ivan Fischer, conductor

Transcendental Etude No 4 'Mazeppa'
Lise de la Salle, piano

Don Sanche (The Castle of Love): Overture
Hungarian State Opera Orchestra
Tamás Pál, conductor

Malédiction
Jorge Bolet, piano
London Symphony Orchestra
Ivan Fischer, conductor

Christus - Ressurexit
Henriette Bonde-Hansen, soprano
Michael Schade, tenor
Andreas Schmidt, bass
Iris Vermillion, alto
Gächinger Kantorei
Cracow Chamber Choir
Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR
Helmut Rilling, conductor

Produced by Sam Phillips for BBC Wales

Donald Macleod examines the promotion of Liszt as a child prodigy.

Donald Macleod offers a weekly guide to composers and their music.

02The Idol20190122

Franz Liszt was the most photographed man of the 19th century and the most sculpted man aside from Napoleon - one of the most recognisable figures of his age. Donald Macleod delves into the life and work of the prolific composer and virtuoso pianist through five images of the composer. Liszt rose to become the greatest performer of his age – effectively inventing the idea of the piano recital – his playing amazing audiences across Europe. In Tuesday’s episode, Donald examines the earliest photograph of Liszt we have - taken in 1843 by Herman Biow - and Henri Lehmann’s portrait of the composer from four years earlier. Through these images, Donald explores the impact that Liszt's astute managing of his image had on the idea of him as a Romantic idol, and examining the various elements which went into creating the dramatic persona of Liszt the virtuoso.

Grandes Etudes de Paganini No 3 'La Campanella'
Daniil Trifonov, piano

Totentanz
Sergio Tiempo, piano
Orchestra de Svizzera Italiana
Ion Marin, conductor

El Contrabandista – Rondo Fantastique
Valentina Lisitsa, piano

Grand Galop Chromatique
Gyorgy Cziffra, piano

Cantata for Inauguration of the Beethoven Monument: I. Maestoso – Quasi Allegretto
Diana Damrau, soprano
Jörg Dürmüller, tenor
Georg Zeppenfeld, bass
Kölner Kantorei
Cappella Coloniensis des WDR
Paul Komen, clavichord
Bruno Weil, conductor

Soirées de Vienne (9 Valse-Caprises after Schubert), No 6
Vladimir Horowitz, piano

Produced by Sam Phillips for BBC Wales

Donald Macleod examines how the persona of Liszt, the virtuoso, was created.

Donald Macleod offers a weekly guide to composers and their music.

03Liszt\u2019s Women20190123

Franz Liszt was the most photographed man of the 19th century and the most sculpted man aside from Napoleon - one of the most recognisable figures of his age. Donald Macleod delves into the life and work of the prolific composer and virtuoso pianist through five images of the composer. On his deathbed, Liszt's father Adam, warned his 15-year-old son about being dominated by women. In Wednesday’s episode, Donald explores Josef Danhauser’s painting of 1840 immortalising “Liszt at the piano”, examining how his father’s warning became a prophecy which would characterise his son's relationships with women throughout his life.

Liebestraum No 3 (Nocturne)
Peter Szokolay, piano

Années de pèlerinage - Première année: Suisse: 2. Au lac de Wallenstadt
Lazar Berman, piano

A Symphony to Dante's Divine Comedy: 1. Inferno
Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
Yuri Ahronovitch, conductor

Harmonies poétiques et religieuses: Cantique d'amour
Alfred Brendel, piano

Orpheus
Berlin Philharmonic
Zubin Mehta, conductor

Wieder möcht' ich dir begegnen
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, tenor
Daniel Barenboim, piano

Produced by Sam Phillips for BBC Wales.

Donald Macleod examines Liszt\u2019s complicated relationships with women.

Donald Macleod offers a weekly guide to composers and their music.

04Haunted by Wagner20190124

Franz Liszt was the most photographed man of the 19th century and the most sculpted man aside from Napoleon - one of the most recognisable figures of his age. Donald Macleod delves into the life and work of the prolific composer and virtuoso pianist through five images of the composer. Liszt's admiration for Wagner forged a friendship between two of the biggest musical personalities of the 19th Century. In Thursday’s episode, Donald examines how this relationship cast a shadow over Liszt's own ability to compose and how personal events helped him to free himself from this shadow, in the process assessing a photograph from 1865 of Liszt, posing with his daughter Cosima and Hans von Bülow.

Richard Wagner (arr. Franz Liszt)
Tannhäuser: Choeur des Pèlerins(excerpt)
Tanguy de Williencourt, piano

Prometheus
London Philharmonic Orchestra
Sir Georg Solti, conductor

A Faust Symphony: III. Mephistopheles
Vinson Cole, tenor
Choir and Orchestra of Dresden State Opera
Giuseppi Sinopoli, conductor

In Liebeslust
Matthew Polenzani, tenor
Julius Drake, piano

The Legend of St Elizabeth: Chorus of the Angels
Choir of the Ameisenkinder of the Goethe Gymnasium, Weimar
Chorus of Hungarian Radio
Staatskapelle Weimar
Carl St. Clair, conductor

At the Grave of Richard Wagner
Kronos Quartet
Marcella DeCray, harp
Aki Takahashi, piano

Produced by Sam Phillips for BBC Wales

Donald Macleod explores Franz Liszt\u2019s friendship with Richard Wagner.

Donald Macleod offers a weekly guide to composers and their music.

05Liszt's 'vie trifurquee'20190125

Franz Liszt was the most photographed man of the 19th century and the most sculpted man aside from Napoleon - one of the most recognisable figures of his age. Donald Macleod delves into the life and work of the prolific composer and virtuoso pianist through five images of the composer. In the final episode of the week, Donald examines a photograph of Liszt taken by Ferencz Kózmata in Budapest in 1873, noting how in later life, the promoted image of the composer changed to that of a distinguished cleric, a spiritual dreamer in touch with the sages. Yet in this period, Liszt was more troubled than in any other part of his life. Donald explores the lengths he went to, to try and maintain a balance in his life - a period when he lived a "threefold existence" - splitting his time between Rome, Weimar and Budapest and travelling over 4000 miles a year.

Legend of St Francis of Assisi: St Francis preaches to the birds
Wilhelm Kempff, piano

Via Crucis (Cruxis): Station VI
Marie-Claire Alain, organ
Ensemble Vocal Audite Nova de Paris
Jean Sourisse, conductor

Hungarian Rhapsody No 9
Louis Kentner, piano

Nuages Gris
Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano

Mephisto Waltz No 2
Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
Kurt Masur, conductor

Années de pèlerinage: I - Suisse: IV. Au bord d’une source
Aldo Ciccolini, piano

Richard Wagner (arr. Franz Liszt)
Tristan und Isolde: Isoldes Liebstod
Vladimir Horowitz, piano

Produced by Sam Phillips for BBC Wales

Donald Macleod explores what Liszt called his 'threefold existence.'

Donald Macleod offers a weekly guide to composers and their music.