The History Hour

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

Episodes

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2021050820210510 (WS)
2021052220210524 (WS)An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.
20210529An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.
2021052920210531 (WS)An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.
20210605An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.
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01/10/2016 Gmt2016100120161002 (WS)
02/09/201720170904"

Princess Diana's brother remembers the passionate speech he gave at her funeral, and one of the doctors who treated her at the scene of her fatal car crash remembers her death.

Plus, how George Orwell wrote Animal Farm, the development of a revolutionary new 3D medical scanning technique, and the birth of the online auction site eBay.

Picture: Earl Spencer and Prince William at Princess Diana's funeral. Credit: Getty/AFP

"

Princess Diana's brother remembers the passionate speech he gave at her funeral, and one of the doctors who treated her at the scene of her fatal car crash remembers her death.

Plus, how George Orwell wrote Animal Farm, the development of a revolutionary new 3D medical scanning technique, and the birth of the online auction site eBay.

Picture: Earl Spencer and Prince William at Princess Diana's funeral. Credit: Getty/AFP

"

03/06/201720170605"

How private citizens in Canada sponsored Vietnamese boat-people. Plus the first ever charity rock concert for Chernobyl, the actor who stared in a Hitchcock murder movie, America's first ever female rabbi and Mr Sanitation brings clean toilets in India.

Photo: A Vietnamese boat crowded with refugees runs aground on the Malaysian coast. 1979 (BBC)

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04/11/201720171105"

The German monk who began a religious uprising; the book that made us think of humans as animals; how the murder of a Brazilian journalist by the secret police became a symbol of Brazil's military brutality; plus the Lebanese architectural dream that was overtaken by war and the fight that ended sex censorship online.

Photo: A portrait of Martin Luther by Lucas Cranach the Elder on display at the German Historical Museum in Berlin, Germany (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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05/08/201720170807"

During World War Two, Croatian fascists tortured and killed tens of thousands of Serbs, Jews and Roma people in the Jasenovac concentration camp. We hear from a survivor. Also, the fate of Falun Gong in China, from a point of view of a practitioner. Plus, the failure of Camp David negotiations, the French doctor who pioneered water births, and the life and death of the legendary Eva Peron.

Photo: A Serb survivor of WW2 persecutions, Melenko Cekic, talking to the BBC in 2017; copyright: BBC.

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06/05/201720170508
06/05/2017 Gmt20170508
07/01/2017 Gmt20170108
07/10/201720171009"

Why the brutal killing of a young gay man in Wyoming prompted change, how white people came to terms with their past after segregation in deep south America, living alongside Israeli soldiers in Gaza, plus modern treasures uncovered in Iran and rediscovered Tudor treasures raised from the English seabed.

(Photo: Matthew Shepard with his parents, Judy and Dennis, on holiday at Yellowstone National Park. Courtesy of the Matthew Shepard Foundation)

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08/07/201720170710"

In July 1947 a US rancher found some debris in the New Mexico desert - did it come from an alien spacecraft? Witness hears from the son of one of the US servicemen who investigated the incident, and from Dr David Clarke, expert on UFO history at Sheffield Hallam University.

Plus the first Tamil suicide bombing; a hoard of Anglo-Saxon treasure discovered in an English field; a sex scandal in the USSR during perestroika; and the first non-stop journey around the world in a hot air balloon.

PHOTO: Major Jesse Marcel at Fort Worth, Texas with balloon debris from the Roswell incident - copyright Alamy

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08/10/2016 Gmt2016100820161009 (WS)
09/09/201720170911"

The search for a spirit world after WW1 that led people to believe that photographs of fairies were real. Plus Jamaica's worst train crash, France's last execution by guillotine, the man who saved the Proms and life in a giant greenhouse in Arizona - Biosphere 2.

Photo: Frances Griffiths and the "Cottingley Fairies" in a photograph made in 1917 by her cousin Elsie Wright with paper cut-outs and hatpins. Credit: Alamy

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10/03/201820180311
10/06/201720170612
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100 Women History Hour2016121020161211 (WS)A special edition of the programme remembering women that history has overlooked.

A special edition of the programme remembering women that history has overlooked.

100 Women History Hour20161211"A special edition of the programme remembering women that history has overlooked.

A special edition of the programme remembering some of the women that history has overlooked. From women warriors to women scientists. From rural women, to factory workers we bring you the stories of women who made a contribution to history - and who deserve to be remembered.

"

11/02/2017 Gmt20170212
12/08/201720170814"

Ronald Reagan's joke about bombing Russia in the 1980s, the murder of a Palestinian cartoonist in London, communal violence in India a year before partition, the man who discovered the Great Pacific Garbage patch, and Florence Nightingale, in her own words and those of people who knew her.

Photo: American president Ronald Reagan in the 1980s at his desk in the White House, Washington DC. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

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14/10/201720171016"

In October 1967 the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was captured and killed in Bolivia - we hear from the CIA operative who was one of the last people to speak to him. Plus, the plan to rescue Italy's art from the Nazis; remembering a hero of Catalan nationalism; the policeman and friend who testified against OJ Simpson, and Madonna - the early years.

(Photo: Felix Rodriguez (left) with the captured Che Guevara, shortly before his execution on 9 October 1967. Courtesy of Felix Rodriguez)

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15/07/201720170717"

A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people as Mohawks take on the developers, the birth of UKIP in Britain, memories of the poet Irina Ratushinskaya who died earlier this month - plus dance music with ballet star Nureyev's defection and illegal raving in England's countryside.

(PHOTO: A Mohawk activist confronts a soldier. Credit: IATV NEWS)

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16/09/201720170918"

The run on a British bank which signalled the coming global financial crisis, a schoolboy arrested in East Germany for writing a letter, a doctor remembers the Sabra Shatila massacre in Beirut, and a Nigerian archaeological treasure trove.

Photo: Northern Rock customers queuing outside the Kingston branch, in order to take their money out on September 17th 2007. Credit: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images

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17/03/201820180318
17/06/201720170619"

Phlyllis Schalfly, the woman who defeated a law to guarantee gender equality in the US; plus, the first performance of the Beatles hit "All You Need Is Love", a forgotten WW2 disaster, Berber rights in Algeria, and the volcanic eruption on the island of Montserrat.

PHOTO: American political activist Phyllis Schlafly smiles from behind a pair of podium mounted microphones, 1982. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

Phlyllis Schalfly, the woman who defeated a law to guarantee gender equality in the US; plus, the first performance of the Beatles hit "All You Need Is Love", a forgotten WW2 disaster, Berber rights in Algeria, and the volcanic eruption on the island of Montserrat.

PHOTO: American political activist Phyllis Schlafly smiles from behind a pair of podium mounted microphones, 1982. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

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17/12/2016 Gmt20161218
19/08/201720170821"

On this week's programme, how campaigners took on Nike in the 1990s, plus the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and the newspaper which defied Argentine's military dictatorship. We also find out more about nudism in East Germany and the great Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore.

PHOTO: Nike worker Cicih Sukaesih telling her story in America in 1996 (courtesy of Jeff Ballinger)

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19/11/2016 Gmt20161120
20/05/2017 Gmt20170522
21/10/201720171023"

How Jewish veterans fought fascism in post war Britain; plus investigating the death of Mozambique's president Samora Machel, we hear from a survivor of the Moscow theatre siege, inside the Cuba Missile Crisis and the mystery of Booker prize winner JG Farrell.
Photo:British Fascist Sir Oswald Mosley speaking at a rally, Hertford Road, Dalston, London, May 1st 1948. (Getty Images)

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22/07/201720170724"

Spooking fighters during the Vietnam War, building the Mont Blanc Tunnel, designing a Nintendo legend, the murder of Gianni Versace and archive voices from the 'Bonus Army' a protest movement of WW1 veterans which shook the US government in 1932.

Photo:Viet Cong guerrillas on patrol during the Vietnam War, 2nd March 1966: (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

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22/10/2016 Gmt2016102220161023 (WS)
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26/08/201720170828

In BBC archive recordings, veterans tell the story of how medical care dealt with the horrors of WW1. Plus when Germany put Nazis on trial, race riots in London's Notting Hill in 1958, and in East Germany in 1992. And the inventors of Botox.

Photo: Australian wounded on the Menin Road on the Western Front, 1917 (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

27/05/201720170529
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28/10/201720171029

How tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews escaped the Nazis by using false papers; what happened when abortion became illegal overnight in 1960s Romania; the murder of campaigning Nigerian journalist Dele Giwa; the creation of British satire magazine Private Eye; and the love affair between writers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.

Photo: False Hungarian ID document (BBC)

29/07/201720170731"

Comedian and broadcaster Pete Price speaks about being subjected to horrific aversion therapy to "cure" him of his homosexuality in 1960s Britain. Plus the 99-year-old former aide to the Chinese nationalist leader, Chiang Kai Shek, a radical new approach to housing in the former USSR, the perils of deep sea commercial diving in the North Sea and how the Welsh fought for recognition of their language.

Photo: Pete Price (private collection)

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30/09/201720171002

Walking the Great Wall of China; the death of Pope John Paul 1 after just a month in the job; turning against a colonial power - how Guinea gained independence from France; the life and times of anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko, and the British Land Girls of World War Two.

(Picture: Yaohui Dong, Wu Deyu and Zhang Yuanhua on the Great Wall of China. Courtesy of Yaohui Dong)

75 Years Of Unesco2021010220210105 (WS)UNESCO - the United Nations Scientific, Cultural and Educational Organisation - was set up 75 years ago, in the aftermath of the Second World War.

It's probably best known for its work protecting cultural monuments and areas of natural beauty around the world, but when it was founded, its aim was to use education as a means of sustaining peace after the horrors of the war.

In this episode of The History Hour: UNESCO's work on race and tolerance, its effort in the 1960s to save Egyptian treasures from the rising waters of the Aswan Dam, Le Corbusier's attempt to build a model city in India, the fight to protect the Great Barrier Reef and the tragic story of the Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan.

Why UNESCO was set up 75 years ago, in the aftermath of the Second World War.

A Failed Royal Kidnapping2014032220140323 (WS)The bodyguard shot saving Princess Anne; discovery of AZT; Uganda cult murder and much more

Abolishing The Army2019040620190408 (WS)After a brief civil war in March-April 1948, the new president of Costa Rica, Jose Figueres, took the audacious step of dissolving the Armed Forces. The Central American country is now one of just over 20 countries without a standing army - we find out more. Plus, Maya Angelou's ground-breaking memoir, I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings, and the remarkable story of the raising of the Swedish warship, the Vasa.

Photo: Costa Rican soldiers in San Jose after the end of the civil war, April 1948 (Credit: Getty Images)

How Costa Rica scrapped its armed forces, plus Maya Angelou and Sweden's famous warship.

Adopted By The Man Who Killed My Family2018120820181211 (WS)A child survivor of a Guatemalan army massacre during the country's brutal civil war, the women who cleared up post war Berlin, plus Armenia's 1988 earthquake, how Bokassa became Emperor of the Central African Republic, and Angela Merkel's rise to power.
Photo: Ramiro as a child in Guatemala (R.Osorio)

Child survivor of a Guatemalan army massacre, Bokassa's coronation, Armenia's earthquake

Child survivor of a Guatemalan army massacre, Bokassa's coronation, Armenia's earthquake

Adrift For 76 Days2020080120200803 (WS)Surviving the Atlantic alone in a liferaft, Spain's historic 1960s tourism boom, the death of the infamous Nazi Heinrich Himmler, plus fighting Australia's bushfires and we remember a groundbreaking Latino writer.
Photo: Photo: Steve Callahan shows how he hunted fish from his life raft. © Steve Callahan

Surviving the Atlantic in a liferaft, Spain's 1960s tourism boom, the death of Himmler

Afghanistan's First Coup2015080120150802 (WS)"The Afghan coup of 1973, TV's first interracial kiss and scouts in the Warsaw Uprising

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"The Afghan coup of 1973, TV's first interracial kiss and scouts in the Warsaw Uprising

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Africa United20130525"Fifty years of the African Union, the murder of Aldo Moro, plus surviving a nuclear attack

"Fifty years of the African Union, the murder of Aldo Moro, plus surviving a nuclear attack

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Albert Speer - Hitler's Architect2018082520180826 (WS)Hitler's architect and minister of war, Albert Speer, was one of the few top Nazis to live on into old age. In the late 1970s, following his release from Spandau prison, he gave an interview to the British journalist, Roger George Clark. Plus, the Soviet Union's campaign against alcoholism, the hostage drama that gripped West Germany, and a woman's voice from pre-colonial Nigeria.

Picture: Albert Speer standing at the gate of his house near Heidelberg in December 1979. (Credit: Roger George Clark)

Interviewing a senior Nazi; the Soviet fight against alcohol; German hostage drama.

"Interviewing a senior Nazi; the Soviet fight against alcohol; German hostage drama.

Hitler's architect and minister of war, Albert Speer, was one of the few top Nazis to live on into old age. In the late 1970s, following his release from Spandau prison, he gave an interview to the British journalist, Roger George Clark. Plus, the Soviet Union's campaign against alcoholism, the hostage drama that gripped West Germany, and a woman's voice from pre-colonial Nigeria.

Picture: Albert Speer standing at the gate of his house near Heidelberg in December 1979. (Credit: Roger George Clark)

"

American Communists2017010720170108 (WS)American Communists, gun-toting children in Albania and death and forgiveness in Ecuador.

", gun-toting children in Albania and death and forgiveness in Ecuador.

The early American Communists, a North Vietnamese tunneler who helped outsmart the Americans and win the war in Vietnam, plus the pyramid scheme failure in Albania which left gun-toting children on the streets. Also how five American missionaries paid the ultimate price after seeking out a remote tribe in Ecuador but left a lasting legacy, and the petition signed in Czechoslovakia which helped bring about the end of communism.

Photograph: Ella and Bert Wolfe (courtesy of the Hoover Institution Archives

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An Environmental History Special2019101920191021 (WS)A pioneer of climate change science, UK's nuclear accident, the man who fed the world
Apollo 13: The Drama That Gripped The World2020041820200420 (WS)50 years since the near disaster on the Apollo 13 mission to the Moon.

50 years since the Apollo 13 mission, how millions of TV viewers followed the famous rescue of the three NASA astronauts. Also, the women who led the way in America's space programme by spending two weeks under water and what happened when Skylab crashed to Earth in 1979. Plus, a collision on board the Mir space station in 1997 and the last men on the Moon.

PHOTO: The crew of Apollo 13 after their rescue (Getty Images)

Apollo 82018121520181218 (WS)At Christmas 1968, the biggest audience in TV history watched NASA's Apollo 8 mission beam back the first pictures from an orbit around the Moon. The broadcast captured the world's imagination and put America ahead of the Soviet Union in the Cold War battle to make the first lunar landing. Plus, the rape of Nanking, WWII spy drama in the Netherlands and the woman who revolutionised the treatment of the dying.

Picture: The Earth as seen from the Moon, photographed by the Apollo 8 crew (NASA)

The astronauts who changed our view of the Earth, the rape of Nanking, WWII spy drama.

The astronauts who changed our view of the Earth, the rape of Nanking, WWII spy drama.

Archbishop Romero Of San Salvador2015052320150524 (WS)"The murder of an outspoken Salvadoran Archbishop, a coup in Fiji and the Elephant Man

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"The murder of an outspoken Salvadoran Archbishop, a coup in Fiji and the Elephant Man

"

Attack At The Us Capitol2021011620210119 (WS)In 1954, Puerto Rican militants opened fire in the US House of Representatives, wounding five Congressmen - we hear how the assault was one of many previous attacks on American democracy. Plus, the coup attempt in Spain in 1981, India's first woman lawyer and landing a probe on Titan, one of Saturn's moons.

PHOTO: Lolita Lebron and two other Puerto Rican activists are arrested in 1954 (Getty Images)

Puerto Rican militants attack Congress, India's first woman lawyer, landing on Titan

Autism And The Mmr Vaccine2019032320190326 (WS)How a British doctor misled the world by linking the MMR vaccine to autism; the early rise of Hungary's Viktor Orban also what it was like to contest the Soviet Union's first multi-party elections plus the exposure in the 1970s of a Nazi criminal in Holland and uncovering Mexico's Aztec past.

Photo: Dr Andrew Wakefield arrives at the General Medical Council in London to face a disciplinary panel, July 16th 2007
(Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images)

How a British doctor misled the world by linking the MMR vaccine to autism.

How a British doctor misled the world by linking the MMR vaccine to autism.

Ayn Rand2017032520170326 (WS)An influential "objectivist" philosopher, and a political assassination in Colombia.

"An influential ""objectivist"" philosopher, and a political assassination in Colombia.

"

Ayn Rand20170327"An influential ""objectivist"" philosopher, a political assassination in Colombia, the deportation of ns to Siberia, the killing of King Faisal and the courageous submariners of World War 1. Photo: Ayn Rand in New York in 1962. Credit: AP.

"An influential ""objectivist"" philosopher, a political assassination in Colombia, the deportation of ns to Siberia, the killing of King Faisal and the courageous submariners of World War 1. Photo: Ayn Rand in New York in 1962. Credit: AP.

"

Beirut's Hotel War2020081520200817 (WS)At the start of the Lebanese civil war in 1975, Beirut's luxury hotel district was turned into a battlefield, with rival groups of gunmen holed up in some of the most expensive accommodation in the Middle East. We hear from two former employees of the Holiday Inn about what came to be known as the Battle of the Hotels. Also in today's programme, the first radar, the invention of the ventilator, and how women in Turkey overhauled decades-old laws on rape and sexual assault.

Photo: The ruins of the Holiday Inn. (Credit: Getty Images)

Lebanon's civil war comes to Beirut's luxury hotel district, plus the first ventilators

Black American History Special2020061320200615 (WS)Key moments in African American history - civil rights, basketball and the 3 strikes law.

Eyewitness accounts of important moments in recent African American history. We hear from the daughter of the man named in the court case which became a turning point in the battle for civil rights, plus the sister of a teenage girl killed in a racist bomb attack. We hear how the winning performance of an all-black basketball team helped change America's attitude to segregation in sport. Plus Rodney King whose attack by police in 1991 was caught on camera and seen by millions - the later acquittal of the officers sparked days of rioting. Finally we hear from Bilal Chatman who was sentenced to 150 years in prison under the 1994 'three strikes law' which disproportionately affected black Americans. Putting it all into context, presenter Max Pearson talks to Professor Gloria Browne-Marshall of John Jay College of Criminal Justice.

Black British History2019101220191014 (WS)To mark Black History Month in the UK we look back at some landmark moments in British Black History. We hear how the famous cricketer Learie Constantine broke the colour bar, and about the Notting Hill race riots and the Bristol bus boycott. Plus, we speak to Britain's first black female MP Diane Abbott, and one of the thousands of mixed race children born of relationships between black GIs and British women during the Second World War. With Professor Hakim Adi.

Photo: Sir Learie Constantine outside Westminster Abbey in 1966. Credit: Douglas Miller/Keystone/Getty Images.

Some landmark moments in British Black history to mark Black History Month in the UK.

Black History: The Black Panthers2021022020210223 (WS)As part of our Black History coverage we look back at the Black Panthers and ask Professor Clayborne Carson of Stanford University "How radical was the US black rights group?" Also, we bring you an archive interview with Mary Wilson of the Supremes, we delve into the question of compensation after the abolition of slavery - and no, not compensation for the people who had been enslaved, but for the former slave owners. Also, how one descendent of slaves, James Dawkins, discovered his ancestors' connection with the British writer Richard Dawkins. And, looking back at the story of Henrietta Lacks the African-American whose cells revolutionised medical science.

Photo: Schoolchildren at a Black Panthers breakfast club. Credit: Shutterstock

How radical was the US black rights group? Plus, Mary Wilson of the Supremes

As part of our Black History coverage we look back at the Black Panthers and ask Professor Clayborne Carson of Stanford University "How radical was the US black rights group?" Also, we bring you an archive interview with Mary Wilson of the Supremes, we delve into the question of compensation after the abolition of slavery - and no, not compensation for the people who had been enslaved, but for the former slave owners. Also, how one descendent of slaves, James Dawkins, discovered his ancestors' connection with the British writer Richard Dawkins. And, looking back at the story of Henrietta Lacks the African-American whose cells revolutionised medical science.

Photo: Schoolchildren at a Black Panthers breakfast club. Credit: Shutterstock

How radical was the US black rights group? Plus, Mary Wilson of the Supremes

Black Jesus2021040320210405 (WS)On Easter Sunday 1967 the Reverend Albert Cleage re-named his church in Detroit the Shrine of the Black Madonna. He preached that if man was made in God's image there was little chance that Jesus was white as most of the world's population is non-white. Plus, how British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher wowed the Soviet Union with a live TV interview in 1987; how the death of singer Karen Carpenter raised the profile of the anorexia eating disorder; and the story of two Englishmen who were kidnapped on an orchid-hunt in Colombia.

Photo: Black Madonna and Child (Courtesy of BLAC Detroit)

The pastor who argued God was black; Mrs Thatcher wows Moscow; orchid-hunters kidnapped

Blackwater Killed My Son2020092620200928 (WS)An Iraqi father remembers the day in September 2007 when US private security guards opened fire on civilians in central Baghdad killing 17 people, including his 9-year-old son. Plus, former president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf on negotiating the cancellation of Liberia's massive debt; the chaos of Florida's 'hanging chads' in the 2000 US elections; when Nelson Mandela visited Detroit; and the end of the Galileo space project.

Photo: An Iraqi looks at a burnt car on the site where Blackwater guards opened fire on civilians in Baghdad on 16 September 2007 (Credit ALI YUSSEF/AFP via Getty Images)

How US private security guards killed 14 Iraqi civilians; plus Florida's election chaos

Bob Marley Survives Assassination Attempt2016120320161204 (WS)The shooting of Bob Marley, the resistance of the Mirabal Sisters, Colombia's Lost City

"The shooting of Bob Marley, the resistance of the Mirabal Sisters, Colombia's Lost City

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Bob Marley Survives Assassination Attempt20161204"The shooting of Bob Marley, the resistance of the Mirabal Sisters, Colombia's Lost City

The shooting of Bob Marley in 1976, the resistance of the Mirabal Sisters, how Ralph Nader made Americans safer, discovering Colombia's ancient Lost City and when Le Corbusier built Chandigarh - India's 1950s modernist marvel.

Photo: Bob Marley, 1970s (Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

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Boris Yeltsin's Surprise Resignation2018010620180107 (WS)Mrs Yeltsin, on the day her husband shocked the world, half a century since the Mafia's grip on America was exposed, the 1999 protests in Iran - the biggest since the revolution - a student tells us how a photograph led to his death sentence and the Brazilian woman hijacker who took her kids along for the ride.

Mrs Yeltsin, on the day Boris shocked the world plus the Mafia's grip on America exposed.

"Mrs Yeltsin, on the day Boris shocked the world plus the Mafia's grip on America exposed.

Mrs Yeltsin, on the day her husband shocked the world, half a century since the Mafia's grip on America was exposed, the 1999 protests in Iran - the biggest since the revolution - a student tells us how a photograph led to his death sentence and the Brazilian woman hijacker who took her kids along for the ride.

"

Boris Yeltsin's Surprise Resignation20180107"Mrs Yeltsin, on the day Boris shocked the world plus the Mafia's grip on America exposed.

Mrs Yeltsin, on the day her husband shocked the world, half a century since the Mafia's grip on America was exposed, the 1999 protests in Iran - the biggest since the revolution - a student tells us how a photograph led to his death sentence and the Brazilian woman hijacker who took her kids along for the ride.

"

Brazil Special2014061420140615 (WS)"As the football World Cup kicks off in Brazil, we explore the country's rich history

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"As the football World Cup kicks off in Brazil, we explore the country's rich history

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Britain's First Woman Mp2014120620141207 (WS)"The remarkable Lady Astor, Hong Kong's 1967 riots, Lebanon's civil war and US free speech

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"The remarkable Lady Astor, Hong Kong's 1967 riots, Lebanon's civil war and US free speech

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Britain's Landslide 1945 Election2015072520150726 (WS)"In July 1945 Labour won a surprise victory, defeating war-time leader Winston Churchill.

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"In July 1945 Labour won a surprise victory, defeating war-time leader Winston Churchill.

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Britain's Secret Propaganda War2019110920191112 (WS)Subversive warfare and 'fake news' in World War Two, the scandal which exposed horrific Indian police violence in the 1980s, two sides of the Iran hostages crisis in 1979, the woman who transformed cancer treatment, and a defining Berlin Wall rock concert.

Photo The actress and singer Agnes Bernelle, who was recruited to be a presenter on a fake German radio station during the war)

'Fake news' in WW2, why Indian police blinded detainees and the Berlin Wall rock concert

Britain's World War Two Crime Wave2020052320200525 (WS)How criminals thrived in London during the Blitz, 3D printers and the 1980 Miami riots.

During times of crisis in the UK, World War Two is often remembered as a period when the country rallied together to fight a common enemy. But as Simon Watts finds out from the BBC archives, there was a crime wave during the war years, with a massive increase in looting and black marketeering. Also in the programme, the first 3D printers, plus a black policeman recalls the 1980 Miami riots, Hong Kong's city within a city and explaining autism.

PHOTO: A government poster from World War Two (Getty Images)

British Black History Special2020101020201012 (WS)We present five eyewitness accounts of moments in British black history. Including the late Sam King remembering the voyage of the Empire Windrush, plus Britain's first black headteacher Yvonne Conolly, Dr William Lez Henry on confronting the Far Right in the battle of Lewisham, Reggae star David Hinds on fighting the nightclub colour bar in 1970s Birmingham and Trix Worrell on the creation of the pioneering and hugely popular TV comedy Desmond's. Max Pearson is joined by Colin Grant, the writer, broadcaster and author of Homecoming: Voices of the Windrush Generation.

Photo: Newly arrived Jamaican immigrants on board the 'Empire Windrush' at Tilbury, 22nd June 1948: (Douglas Miller/Keystone/Getty Images)

The voyage of the Empire Windrush, the battle of Lewisham and the creation of Desmond's

British Withdrawal From South Yemen2017120920171210 (WS)Aden's independence from Britain, discovering whalesong & building Mount Rushmore statues

"Aden's independence from Britain, discovering whalesong and building Mount Rushmore statues

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British Withdrawal From South Yemen20171210"Aden's independence from Britain, discovering whalesong and building Mount Rushmore statues"

"Aden's independence from Britain, discovering whalesong & building Mount Rushmore statues"

Broadcasting D-day2014060720140608 (WS)"The allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France, Tiananmen Square and a Nepali royal massacre

(Photo: American soldiers approaching Utah beach on June 6th 1944. Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

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"The allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France, Tiananmen Square and a Nepali royal massacre

(Photo: American soldiers approaching Utah beach on June 6th 1944. Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

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"The allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France, Tiananmen Square and a Nepali royal massacre

(Photo: American soldiers approaching Utah beach on June 6th 1944. Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

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"The allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France, Tiananmen Square and a Nepali royal massacre

(Photo: American soldiers approaching Utah beach on June 6th 1944. Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France, Tiananmen Square and a Nepali royal massacre

(Photo: American soldiers approaching Utah beach on June 6th 1944. Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

"

Brown V The Board Of Education2017052020170521 (WS)Racial segregation ends in US schools; Iran's 2009 election protest; and Weight Watchers

"Racial segregation ends in US schools; Iran's 2009 election protest; and Weight Watchers

The 1954 US Supreme Court ruling that led to the end of racial segregation in US schools, the Iranian woman protestor whose death on film shocked the world; the start of the worldwide dieting franchise, Weight Watchers and who was Alexander Hamilton?

(Photo African American student Linda Brown, Cheryl Brown Henderson's eldest sister (front, C) sitting in her segregated classroom.Credit: GettyArchive)

"

Buddhist On Death Row2021010920210112 (WS)How US inmates turned to Buddhism to face execution in 1990s Arkansas, and we look at the history of the death penalty in the US with Prof Vivien Miller. Plus, the truth of a space "strike", the 70s book that predicted global decline in 2020, sequencing the Ebola virus and we hear the world's oldest song.

Photo: Anna Cox and inmate Frankie Parker.

How US prisoners turned to Buddhism to face execution, and the truth of a space "strike"

Bugging The Us Embassy In Moscow2016102220161023 (WS)Spying on America's embassy in the USSR, the Mau Mau rebellion and the Aberfan disaster.

"Spying on America's embassy in the USSR, the Mau Mau rebellion and the Aberfan disaster.

This week: The row over hi-tech spying in America's new diplomatic building in the USSR, the day tragedy struck a village in Wales when a landslide crushed a school, the Mau Mau rebellion, America's first radio priest and the great French conceptualist artist Marcel Duchamp.

(Photo: A US Marine stands guard inside the high fence surrounding the American Embassy construction site in Moscow, May 1983. Credit: Dave Martin/AP Photo)

(Photo: A US Marine stands guard inside the high fence surrounding the American Embassy construction site in Moscow, May 1983. Credit: Dave Martin/AP Photo)"

"Spying on America's embassy in the USSR, the Mau Mau rebellion and the Aberfan disaster.

This week: The row over hi-tech spying in America's new diplomatic building in the USSR, the day tragedy struck a village in Wales when a landslide crushed a school, the Mau Mau rebellion, America's first radio priest and the great French conceptualist artist Marcel Duchamp.

(Photo: A US Marine stands guard inside the high fence surrounding the American Embassy construction site in Moscow, May 1983. Credit: Dave Martin/AP Photo)

"

Burmese Protests20130810"The 1988 Burma uprising; the Nagasaki bomb; and a US model breaks the colour barrier.

In August 1988 huge protests demanding an end to military rule in Burma were met with violence. Thousands of people were killed. Also in the programme, the bombing of the Japanese city of Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War, a hostage crisis in Malaysia and the American fashion model who broke the colour barrier in the 1970s.

PHOTO: Tommaso Villani/AFP/Getty Images

"The 1988 Burma uprising; the Nagasaki bomb; and a US model breaks the colour barrier.

In August 1988 huge protests demanding an end to military rule in Burma were met with violence. Thousands of people were killed. Also in the programme, the bombing of the Japanese city of Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War, a hostage crisis in Malaysia and the American fashion model who broke the colour barrier in the 1970s.

PHOTO: Tommaso Villani/AFP/Getty Images

"

Carlos The Jackal2014081620140817 (WS)"Capturing Carlos, an attempt to kill Franco plus The Supremes and the Wizard of Oz

"

Castro Takes Havana2016010920160110 (WS)Cuban revolutionaries victorious, US nuclear accident in 60s Spain, Mao's Little Red Book

Cuban revolutionaries victorious in 1959, US nuclear accident in 1960s Spain, plus the origin of the Open University, the couple behind the Eames chair and Mao's Little Red Book

Photo: Fidel Castro speaks to the crowds in Cuba after Batista was forced to flee, Jan 1959. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images

Charlie Chaplin Returns To America From Exile2017042220170423 (WS)Charlie Chaplin, images of the furthest galaxies and the world's first black festival.

"Charlie Chaplin, images of the furthest galaxies and the world's first black festival.

Charlie Chaplin's son on his father's political views and his rocky relationship with his one-time adopted home, America. Plus the Hubble telescope produces the first clear pictures of the furthest galaxies; shaking off colonialism with the world's first festival for black artists; Japan launches a new way of learning the violin and tragedy in Latin America when American missionaries flying over Peru were mistaken for drug-runners.

(Photo: Charlie Chaplin as the Tramp in the 1925 film, The Gold Rush. Credit: Getty Images)

"

Charlie Chaplin Returns To America From Exile20170424"Charlie Chaplin's son on his father's political views and his rocky relationship with his one-time adopted home, America. Plus the Hubble telescope produces the first clear pictures of the furthest galaxies; shaking off colonialism with the world's first festival for black artists; Japan launches a new way of learning the violin and tragedy in Latin America when American missionaries flying over Peru were mistaken for drug-runners.

(Photo: Charlie Chaplin as the Tramp in the 1925 film, The Gold Rush. Credit: Getty Images)

Charlie Chaplin, images of the furthest galaxies and the world's first black festival.

"Charlie Chaplin's son on his father's political views and his rocky relationship with his one-time adopted home, America. Plus the Hubble telescope produces the first clear pictures of the furthest galaxies; shaking off colonialism with the world's first festival for black artists; Japan launches a new way of learning the violin and tragedy in Latin America when American missionaries flying over Peru were mistaken for drug-runners.

(Photo: Charlie Chaplin as the Tramp in the 1925 film, The Gold Rush. Credit: Getty Images)

Charlie Chaplin, images of the furthest galaxies and the world's first black festival.

"

Chile Votes Against Pinochet2016101520161016 (WS)In Oct 1988 Chileans voted to end the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in a referendum.

"This week: Chile's referendum to end General Augusto Pinochet's brutal rule, a Russian dissident poet tells us how she resisted the KGB, the Spanish flu which killed millions after World War One, the last days of Lebanon's bitter civil war and the free flights for Hoovers ad campaign that fell flat.

(Photo: Celebrations after Chile's referendum result in Oct 1988 - Getty Images)

In Oct 1988 Chileans voted to end the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in a referendum.

"

"This week: Chile's referendum to end General Augusto Pinochet's brutal rule, a Russian dissident poet tells us how she resisted the KGB, the Spanish flu which killed millions after World War One, the last days of Lebanon's bitter civil war and the free flights for Hoovers ad campaign that fell flat.

(Photo: Celebrations after Chile's referendum result in Oct 1988 - Getty Images)

In Oct 1988 Chileans voted to end the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in a referendum.

"

"In Oct 1988 Chileans voted to end the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in a referendum.

This week: Chile's referendum to end General Augusto Pinochet's brutal rule, a Russian dissident poet tells us how she resisted the KGB, the Spanish flu which killed millions after World War One, the last days of Lebanon's bitter civil war and the free flights for Hoovers ad campaign that fell flat.

(Photo: Celebrations after Chile's referendum result in Oct 1988 - Getty Images)

"

"In Oct 1988 Chileans voted to end the rule of General Augusto Pinochet in a referendum.

This week: Chile's referendum to end General Augusto Pinochet's brutal rule, a Russian dissident poet tells us how she resisted the KGB, the Spanish flu which killed millions after World War One, the last days of Lebanon's bitter civil war and the free flights for Hoovers ad campaign that fell flat.

(Photo: Celebrations after Chile's referendum result in Oct 1988 - Getty Images)

"

China's Barefoot Doctors2018030320180304 (WS)The revolutionary Chinese healthcare scheme and the ground-breaking US TV show M*A*S*H.

How China's barefoot doctor scheme revolutionised rural healthcare; plus M*A*S*H, the ground-breaking American TV show that taught a generation about war; the assassination of the Swedish prime minister Olof Palme; the German and Russian soldiers who fought on the Eastern Front in the First World War; and the Angel of the North, a huge steel sculpture that has become an icon for the north-east of England.

Picture: Gordon Liu

The revolutionary Chinese healthcare scheme and the ground-breaking US TV show M*A*S*H.

"The revolutionary Chinese healthcare scheme and the ground-breaking US TV show M*A*S*H.

How China's barefoot doctor scheme revolutionised rural healthcare; plus M*A*S*H, the ground-breaking American TV show that taught a generation about war; the assassination of the Swedish prime minister Olof Palme; the German and Russian soldiers who fought on the Eastern Front in the First World War; and the Angel of the North, a huge steel sculpture that has become an icon for the north-east of England.

Picture: Gordon Liu

"

China's Barefoot Doctors20180304"

How China's barefoot doctor scheme revolutionised rural healthcare; plus M*A*S*H, the ground-breaking American TV show that taught a generation about war; the assassination of the Swedish prime minister Olof Palme; the German and Russian soldiers who fought on the Eastern Front in the First World War; and the Angel of the North, a huge steel sculpture that has become an icon for the north-east of England.

Picture: Gordon Liu

"

China's Breakthrough Malaria Cure2019031620190319 (WS)How an ancient Chinese remedy provided a 1970s breakthrough in the fight against malaria; the bombing of Dresden in the Second World War that inspired Kurt Vonnegut's anti-war novel Slaughterhouse Five; the fall of Singapore; plus the town that America built in Afghanistan's south-western desert, and 'was Lenin a mushroom' - a satirical re-writing of Soviet history.

Photo: Professor Lang Linfu (Family archives)

How an ancient Chinese remedy provided a 1970s breakthrough in the fight against malaria

"

How an ancient Chinese remedy provided a 1970s breakthrough in the fight against malaria; the bombing of Dresden in the Second World War that inspired Kurt Vonnegut's anti-war novel Slaughterhouse Five; the fall of Singapore; plus the town that America built in Afghanistan's south-western desert, and 'was Lenin a mushroom' - a satirical re-writing of Soviet history.

Photo: Professor Lang Linfu (Family archives)

"

China-vietnam Border War 19792016031920160320 (WS)Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979.

"Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979.

Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979, part of a wider regional power struggle. Also this week; the man who proved the Turin Shroud was a fake, the emotional trauma of caring for someone dying of CJD and the hellish lives of the men who tunnelled under no-man's land in World War One.

Photo: Chinese prisoners of war held by Vietnamese conscripts in the 1979 border war. (Credit: Getty Images)

"

"Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979.

Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979, part of a wider regional power struggle. Also this week; the man who proved the Turin Shroud was a fake, the emotional trauma of caring for someone dying of CJD and the hellish lives of the men who tunnelled under no-man's land in World War One.

Photo: Chinese prisoners of war held by Vietnamese conscripts in the 1979 border war. (Credit: Getty Images)

"

"Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979.

Former communist allies China and Vietnam fought a short but bloody war in 1979, part of a wider regional power struggle. Also this week; the man who proved the Turin Shroud was a fake, the emotional trauma of caring for someone dying of CJD and the hellish lives of the men who tunnelled under no-man's land in World War One.

Photo: Chinese prisoners of war held by Vietnamese conscripts in the 1979 border war. (Credit: Getty Images)

"

Cigarettes And Cancer20130629"The link between smoking and cancer, JFK in Ireland and pacifist Britten's War Requiem

The link between smoking and cancer plus JFK goes home and pacifist Britten's War Requiem.

Nearly 60 years since the link between smoking and cancer plus JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner.

"

"The link between smoking and cancer, JFK in Ireland and pacifist Britten's War Requiem

The link between smoking and cancer plus JFK goes home and pacifist Britten's War Requiem.

Nearly 60 years since the link between smoking and cancer plus JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner."

"The link between smoking and cancer, JFK in Ireland and pacifist Britten's War Requiem

It is nearly 60 years since the groundbreaking research linking smoking and cancer. Plus, JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner.

(Image: Black and white photo of two men and a woman smoking. Credit: Hulton Archives/Getty Images)

The link between smoking and cancer plus JFK goes home and pacifist Britten's War Requiem.

Nearly 60 years since the link between smoking and cancer plus JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner.

"

"The link between smoking and cancer, JFK in Ireland and pacifist Britten's War Requiem

It is nearly 60 years since the groundbreaking research linking smoking and cancer. Plus, JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner.

(Image: Black and white photo of two men and a woman smoking. Credit: Hulton Archives/Getty Images)

The link between smoking and cancer plus JFK goes home and pacifist Britten's War Requiem.

Nearly 60 years since the link between smoking and cancer plus JFK visits his ancestral home of Ireland, pacifist Britten's War Requiem and the birth of the ultrasound scanner."

Cnn And The 24-hour News Revolution2020101720201019 (WS)In June 1980, US media mogul Ted Turner launched the first TV station dedicated to 24 hour news, Cable News Network or CNN. We get a first-hand account of the early days of a channel that transformed news and politics. Plus, the end of Lebanon's civil war, the long fight for full voting rights for African-Americans and Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein's plan to become a film mogul.

(PHOTO: Ted Turner attends official CNN Launch event at CNN Techwood Drive World Headquarters in Atlanta Georgia, June 01, 1980 (Photo by Rick Diamond/Getty Images)

The launch of CNN, the end of Lebanon's civil war and making a film in Saddam's Iraq.

Communist Yugoslavia Breaks With The Ussr2015062720150628 (WS)"Marshal Tito shuns Stalin, the downing of Air India Flight 182 and saving the whale.

In June 1948 Marshal Tito shocked the world by shunning his former Soviet ally, Stalin; plus the downing of Air India Flight 182 in 1985; the first direct action by environmental activists forty years ago; Britain's first black woman MP and the life of writer and pilot, James Salter.

Photo Dragica Srzentic.

"

Condemned As A Spy In The Ussr2016030520160306 (WS)Surviving terror in the USSR, birth control in 1920s Britain and the siege of Sarajevo

"The story of Flora Leipman, a British Jew, who spent decades in a Soviet labour camp on false spying charges. Plus, birth control in 1920s Britain, the siege of Sarajevo, the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas and the invention of the first ever instant camera.

(Photo: Flora Leipman in a BBC documentary, 1987)

Surviving terror in the USSR, birth control in 1920s Britain and the siege of Sarajevo

"

"The story of Flora Leipman, a British Jew, who spent decades in a Soviet labour camp on false spying charges. Plus, birth control in 1920s Britain, the siege of Sarajevo, the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas and the invention of the first ever instant camera.

(Photo: Flora Leipman in a BBC documentary, 1987)

Surviving terror in the USSR, birth control in 1920s Britain and the siege of Sarajevo

"

"Surviving terror in the USSR, birth control in 1920s Britain and the siege of Sarajevo

The story of Flora Leipman, a British Jew, who spent decades in a Soviet labour camp on false spying charges. Plus, birth control in 1920s Britain, the siege of Sarajevo, the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas and the invention of the first ever instant camera.

(Photo: Flora Leipman in a BBC documentary, 1987)

"

Conflict Over A Tree In The Dmz2016082020160821 (WS)Death in Korea's no-man's land, the birth of the national parks and Studio Ghibli.

"Death in Korea's no-man's land, the birth of the national parks and Studio Ghibli.

American deaths in no-man's land between North and South Korea; the birth of the national parks, plus battling over bibles in US schools, the murder of Garcia Lorca and Japanese animation with Studio Ghibli.

Photo credit: Getty Images

"

"Death in Korea's no-man's land, the birth of the national parks and Studio Ghibli.

American deaths in no-man's land between North and South Korea; the birth of the national parks, plus battling over bibles in US schools, the murder of Garcia Lorca and Japanese animation with Studio Ghibli.

Photo credit: Getty Images

"

"Death in Korea's no-man's land, the birth of the national parks and Studio Ghibli.

American deaths in no-man's land between North and South Korea; the birth of the national parks, plus battling over bibles in US schools, the murder of Garcia Lorca and Japanese animation with Studio Ghibli.

Photo credit: Getty Images

"

Conflict Timber In Liberia's Civil War2019091420190916 (WS)How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa, the Honduran coup that left the president holed up in an embassy plus the Indian affirmative action controversy, the first ever voyage all the way around the globe 500 years ago and the sit-com "Friends" hits TV screens worldwide.

(Photo: Timber near Buchanan in Liberia in 2010. Credit: Getty Images)

How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa.

Crime Protests In Argentina2014040520140406 (WS)"The murder that galvanised Argentina; India's independence movement; BBC spaghetti hoax

In April 2004, the death of a 23-year-old student called Alex Blumberg sparked a wave of protests in Argentina. The demonstrations were led by his father and demanded a tough government response to rising crime.

Also in this week's programme, the independence movement in 1940s India; how Edward VIII coped with life after abdication; and the day the BBC pretended spaghetti grew on trees.

Picture: Posters of Alex Blumberg, Credit: AFP

"

"The murder that galvanised Argentina; India's independence movement; BBC spaghetti hoax

In April 2004, the death of a 23-year-old student called Alex Blumberg sparked a wave of protests in Argentina. The demonstrations were led by his father and demanded a tough government response to rising crime.

Also in this week's programme, the independence movement in 1940s India; how Edward VIII coped with life after abdication; and the day the BBC pretended spaghetti grew on trees.

Picture: Posters of Alex Blumberg, Credit: AFP

IHouse In A Garden, A"""

"The murder that galvanised Argentina; India's independence movement; BBC spaghetti hoax

In April 2004, the death of a 23-year-old student called Alex Blumberg sparked a wave of protests in Argentina. The demonstrations were led by his father and demanded a tough government response to rising crime.

Also in this week's programme, the independence movement in 1940s India; how Edward VIII coped with life after abdication; and the day the BBC pretended spaghetti grew on trees.

Picture: Posters of Alex Blumberg, Credit: AFP

"

"The murder that galvanised Argentina; India's independence movement; BBC spaghetti hoax

IHouse In A Garden, A"""

"The murder that galvanised Argentina; India's independence movement; BBC spaghetti hoax

I"House In A Garden, A"

Crisis In Lesotho2014092020140921 (WS)"South Africa invades Lesotho, 'Black September' in the Middle East, Mexico earthquake

"

"South Africa invades Lesotho, 'Black September' in the Middle East, Mexico earthquake

"

Cuba Special2014122020141221 (WS)"The USA is to normalise relations with Cuba - we look back at their troubled relationship

The USA is to normalise relations with Cuba - we look back at their troubled relationship over the last half century. Hear from Cubans and Americans who lived through key moments, from the Bay of Pigs Invasion, to the Cuban Missile Crisis. With analysis from Julia Sweig.

(Photo: An advert on the Miami waterfront after Fidel Castro came to power. Credit: Graf/Getty Images)

(Photo: An advert on the Miami waterfront after Fidel Castro came to power. Credit: Graf/Getty Images)"

"The USA is to normalise relations with Cuba - we look back at their troubled relationship

The USA is to normalise relations with Cuba - we look back at their troubled relationship over the last half century. Hear from Cubans and Americans who lived through key moments, from the Bay of Pigs Invasion, to the Cuban Missile Crisis. With analysis from Julia Sweig.

(Photo: An advert on the Miami waterfront after Fidel Castro came to power. Credit: Graf/Getty Images)

"

D-day2019060820190610 (WS)Eyewitness accounts of the Allied invasion of Nazi occupied Europe on D-day, 6th June 1944. We also hear how the BBC reported events on that momentous day. Plus Vikings in England, the Gurkhas fight for justice and discovering the fate of 'The Little Prince'

Photo: The photo titled 'The Jaws of Death' shows a landing craft disembarking US troops on Omaha beach, 6th June 1944 ( Robert Sargent / US COAST GUARD)

Eyewitness accounts of the Normandy landings, Vikings in England and the Little Prince

Eyewitness accounts of the Normandy landings, Vikings in England and the Little Prince

Deaf Rights Protest2018031020180311 (WS)A protest for deaf rights; a new alphabet for Azerbaijan, Marie Stopes and Wonder Woman

"A protest for deaf rights; a new alphabet for Azerbaijan, Marie Stopes and Wonder Woman

"

Deaf Rights Protest20180311"A protest for deaf rights; a new alphabet for Azerbaijan, Marie Stopes and Wonder Woman"
Dealing With Economic Crisis2020062720200629 (WS)How countries from around the world dealt with economic turmoil in the 20th century.

As the world begins to consider how to emerge from the Coronavirus pandemic, we look back at economic crises of the past and how countries have responded to them. Max Pearson hears about America's "New Deal" in the 1930s, South Korea's transformation in the 1950s and Chile's "miracle economy" of the 1970s. Plus, Tanzania and its African form of socialism, and economic shock therapy in Russia in the 1990s.

PHOTO: President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1935 (Getty Images).

Death Of An Anarchist2016122420161225 (WS)The controversial death of Giuseppe Pinelli, Samuel Beckett and flying to the moon

The controversial death in police custody of Italian anarchist, Giuseppe Pinelli, the Irish playwright and novelist Samuel Beckett how Greece and Turkey almost came to war over a tiny rocky island in the Aegean sea, also the experimental film-maker Derek Jarman and how on Christmas day in 1968 Apollo 8 became the first spacecraft to leave the Earth's orbit and travel to the moon.

Photo:Giuseppe 'Pino' Pinelli, with his wife Licia and his daughters Silvia and Claudia. Credit: The Pinelli Family.

"

Death Of An Anarchist20161225The controversial death of Giuseppe Pinelli, Samuel Beckett and flying to the moon

The controversial death in police custody of Italian anarchist, Giuseppe Pinelli, the Irish playwright and novelist Samuel Beckett how Greece and Turkey almost came to war over a tiny rocky island in the Aegean sea, also the experimental film-maker Derek Jarman and how on Christmas day in 1968 Apollo 8 became the first spacecraft to leave the Earth's orbit and travel to the moon.

Photo:Giuseppe 'Pino' Pinelli, with his wife Licia and his daughters Silvia and Claudia. Credit: The Pinelli Family.

Degenerate Art And The Nazis2013110920131110 (WS)"In the week that news broke of the discovery of massive trove of art looted by the Nazis in Munich, we look back at the Degenerate Art exhibition, set up by the Nazis to ridicule contemporary art. Plus, half a million Moroccans march into the desert, the first multi-racial school in southern Africa, thousands evacuated after a chemical crash in Canada, and the death of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.

Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Hitler's hatred of modern art, the death of Dylan Thomas, and marching in the Sahara.

"

"In the week that news broke of the discovery of massive trove of art looted by the Nazis in Munich, we look back at the Degenerate Art exhibition, set up by the Nazis to ridicule contemporary art. Plus, half a million Moroccans march into the desert, the first multi-racial school in southern Africa, thousands evacuated after a chemical crash in Canada, and the death of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.

Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Hitler's hatred of modern art, the death of Dylan Thomas, and marching in the Sahara."

"Hitler's hatred of modern art, the death of Dylan Thomas, and marching in the Sahara.

In the week that news broke of the discovery of massive trove of art looted by the Nazis in Munich, we look back at the Degenerate Art exhibition, set up by the Nazis to ridicule contemporary art. Plus, half a million Moroccans march into the desert, the first multi-racial school in southern Africa, thousands evacuated after a chemical crash in Canada, and the death of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.

Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

"

"Hitler's hatred of modern art, the death of Dylan Thomas, and marching in the Sahara.

In the week that news broke of the discovery of massive trove of art looted by the Nazis in Munich, we look back at the Degenerate Art exhibition, set up by the Nazis to ridicule contemporary art. Plus, half a million Moroccans march into the desert, the first multi-racial school in southern Africa, thousands evacuated after a chemical crash in Canada, and the death of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.

Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)"

Deng Xiaoping And The Making Of Modern China2014022220140223 (WS)"The Chinese leader recalled by his translator, plus protests in Albania and graffiti art.

"

"The Chinese leader recalled by his translator, plus protests in Albania and graffiti art.

"

Denmark's 2nd Eu Referendum2016070920160710 (WS)A re-run vote in Denmark, conflict in Slovenia, Cuba's army elite on trial & Ron Kovic.

"A re-run vote in Denmark, the start of the Balkans conflict in Slovenia, Cuba's army elite put on trial; plus London Bridge is sold off to the Americans and the Vietnam vet turned peace activist, Ron Kovic.

(Photo: Riot police in Copenhagen after Denmark voted Yes to ratify the Maastricht Treaty in May 1993. Photo credit: AFP)

A re-run vote in Denmark, conflict in Slovenia, Cuba's army elite on trial and Ron Kovic.

(Photo: Riot police in Copenhagen after Denmark voted Yes to ratify the Maastricht Treaty in May 1993. Photo credit: AFP)

Denmark's Inuit Experiment2015061320150614 (WS)"Inuit children sent for re-education in 1951, the Six Day War, and a refugee boat tragedy

The Inuit children who were sent from Greenland to Denmark to be re-educated as 'little Danes' in 1951; plus the Six Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbours; the death of the charismatic academic Walter Rodney; a refugee boat tragedy in 1988; and the Women's Institute at 100.

(Photo: Helene Thiesen as a child, courtesy of H. Thiesen)

Dickey Chapelle - War Reporter2016110520161106 (WS)The pioneering American woman journalist; life in Mao's China; and Harry Houdini.

On this week's programme, how pioneering American woman war reporter, Dickey Chapelle, was killed in Vietnam; plus two very different perspectives on Mao's China, Mexican writer Octavio Paz and the escape which made Harry Houdini's name.

PHOTO: Dickey Chapelle during a US Marines operation in 1958 (Credit: US Marine Corps / Associated Press)

"

Dickey Chapelle - War Reporter20161106The pioneering American woman journalist; life in Mao's China; and Harry Houdini.

On this week's programme, how pioneering American woman war reporter, Dickey Chapelle, was killed in Vietnam; plus two very different perspectives on Mao's China, Mexican writer Octavio Paz and the escape which made Harry Houdini's name.

PHOTO: Dickey Chapelle during a US Marines operation in 1958 (Credit: US Marine Corps / Associated Press)

Disability History Special2020112820201201 (WS)We look back at the fight for disability rights in the UK and India in the 1990s, plus the remarkable life of Helen Keller as told by her great niece, how a Rwandan Paralympic volleyball team made history, and the invention of the iconic disability vehicle, the Invacar. And we speak to Colin Barnes, Emeritus Professor of Disability Studies at Leeds University, about the historic struggle for disabled rights and recognition.

Photo: A disabled woman on her mobility scooter is carried away by four policemen after obstructing the traffic outside the Houses of Parliament. Credit: PA Archive/PA Images

The fight for disability rights in the UK, India, plus Helen Keller and the Invacar

Drama In The British Parliament2019033020190401 (WS)Prime Minister Jim Callaghan's desperate attempts to survive a no-confidence motion in 1979, the record-breaking 20-day balloon flight around the world; plus the Nazi past of Kurt Waldheim, mindfulness and the first home pregnancy test.

Picture: James Callaghan outside 10 Downing Street (Fox Photos/Getty)

A political crisis in Britain, ballooning around the world and mindfulness.

Dustbowl2013111620131117 (WS)"How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, French doctors caught up in Yemen's civil war, a baby with the heart of a baboon, a deadly boxing match and Armistice Day 1918.

PHOTO: A dust storm in the USA. Hulton Archive/Getty Images

How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, Armistice Day and a deadly boxing match.

"

"How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, French doctors caught up in Yemen's civil war, a baby with the heart of a baboon, a deadly boxing match and Armistice Day 1918.

PHOTO: A dust storm in the USA. Hulton Archive/Getty Images

How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, Armistice Day and a deadly boxing match."

"How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, Armistice Day and a deadly boxing match.

How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, French doctors caught up in Yemen's civil war, a baby with the heart of a baboon, a deadly boxing match and Armistice Day 1918.

PHOTO: A dust storm in the USA. Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

"How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, Armistice Day and a deadly boxing match.

How dust storms changed America in the 1930s, French doctors caught up in Yemen's civil war, a baby with the heart of a baboon, a deadly boxing match and Armistice Day 1918.

PHOTO: A dust storm in the USA. Hulton Archive/Getty Images"

Earth Day2018042120180422 (WS)The birth of the modern environmental movement, Germany's 1918 Spring Offensive, the discovery of the concentration camp horrors of Bergen-Belsen plus the rebuilding of the World Trade Centre site; and the last occupiers of Europe's most westerly lighthouse.

Photo credit: Robert Sabo-Pool/Getty Images

The birth of the modern environmental movement.

"The birth of the modern environmental movement.

The birth of the modern environmental movement, Germany's 1918 Spring Offensive, the discovery of the concentration camp horrors of Bergen-Belsen plus the rebuilding of the World Trade Centre site; and the last occupiers of Europe's most westerly lighthouse.

Photo credit: Robert Sabo-Pool/Getty Images

"

Escape From The Kgb20130720"Cold War spies and women's baseball, plus Hong Kong handover and Mandela's birthday bash
Escaping A Nazi Train To Auschwitz2015013120150201 (WS)"The boy who escaped a Nazi death train plus America's first black presidential candidate

The story of a boy who escaped a Nazi death train to Auschwitz, a B52 bomber loaded with nuclear bombs crashes in Greenland, one of the world's most prolific serial killers - Harold Shipman or 'Dr Death' - and America's first black presidential candidate, Shirley Chisholm.

(Photo: Simon Gronowski with his parents. Credit: Private collection)

(Photo: Simon Gronowski with his parents. Credit: Private collection)"

"The boy who escaped a Nazi death train plus America's first black presidential candidate

The story of a boy who escaped a Nazi death train to Auschwitz, a B52 bomber loaded with nuclear bombs crashes in Greenland, one of the world's most prolific serial killers - Harold Shipman or 'Dr Death' - and America's first black presidential candidate, Shirley Chisholm.

(Photo: Simon Gronowski with his parents. Credit: Private collection)

"

Evidence Of The Big Bang2015011020150111 (WS)"An unexpected discovery to prove the Big Bang Theory, Guantanamo opens and Prague spring

"

"An unexpected discovery to prove the Big Bang Theory, Guantanamo opens and Prague spring

"

Exploring Space2019072020190722 (WS)To mark the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing in July 1969, five personal accounts of landmarks in space exploration. We hear from an Apollo flight controller about the moment Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface, and from one of the astronauts who survived the Apollo 13 near disaster. Plus how Laika the dog became the first living creature in space, the pioneering woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, and Britain's attempt to put the Beagle 2 lander on Mars.

PHOTO: Buzz Aldrin on the Moon in July 1969 (Getty Images)

To mark the Apollo 11 Moon landing, personal accounts of landmarks in space exploration.

PHOTO: Buzz Aldrin on the Moon in July 1969 (Getty Images)

Exposing Child Abuse In The Catholic Church2016100820161009 (WS)The investigative journalist who lifted the lid on Irish child sex abuse.

"The investigative journalist who lifted the lid on Irish child sex abuse.

Investigative journalist Chris Moore recalls how he helped lift the lid on horrific child sex abuse in the Irish Catholic Church. Also, the unsolved mystery of who put deadly cyanide in America's number one painkiller; the student massacre in 1976 that heralded a new era of military rule in Thailand; the founding of Mensa; and Mike Love, one of the original Beach Boys.

(Photo: An Irish churchgoer holds a cross and rosary beads 2010. AFP/Getty Images)Chris

(Photo: An Irish churchgoer holds a cross and rosary beads 2010. AFP/Getty Images)Chris"

"The investigative journalist who lifted the lid on Irish child sex abuse.

Investigative journalist Chris Moore recalls how he helped lift the lid on horrific child sex abuse in the Irish Catholic Church. Also, the unsolved mystery of who put deadly cyanide in America's number one painkiller; the student massacre in 1976 that heralded a new era of military rule in Thailand; the founding of Mensa; and Mike Love, one of the original Beach Boys.

(Photo: An Irish churchgoer holds a cross and rosary beads 2010. AFP/Getty Images)Chris

"

Fighting For The Pill In Japan2020051620200518 (WS)Why it took until 1999 for Japanese women to be allowed to take the contraceptive pill.

Why Japanese women had to wait until 1999 to be allowed to take the pill, the Dutch 'Prince of scandal', plus the flatulent fish that prompted a Cold War scare, the first helpline for children and the joy of being liberated from Nazi occupation on The Channel Islands.

(Photo: A collection of contraceptive pills. Getty Images)

Fighting The Islamic State Group Online2019092820190930 (WS)When the Islamic State group took over Mosul in Iraq in 2014 they flooded the internet with propaganda, claiming life under IS was fantastic. One historian living in the city decided to post a counter-narrative online, setting up a website called "Mosul Eye". Also in this edition, one black man's experience of growing up in Hitler's Germany; the gruesome death of the famous bullfighter Paquirri, switching on the Large Hadron Collider and the birth of the Sound of Music on Broadway in 1959.

(Photo: Mosul Eye website. BBC)

The Mosul historian who battled IS online, plus growing up black under Hitler

Fighting Uganda's Anti-gay Laws2019052520190527 (WS)In 2009 Ugandan MPs tried to introduce new laws against homosexuality that would include life imprisonment and even the death penalty. We speak to Victor Mukasa about his story of fighting for LGBT rights in Uganda, first as a lesbian woman and then as a trans man. Also, the early days of the environmental organisation Greenpeace, walking the Great Wall of China and fighting acid attacks on women in Bangladesh.

(Photo: Ugandan LGBT Activist Victor Mukasa May 2019. BBC)

LBGT activism in Uganda, the start of Greenpeace, Bangladesh acid attacks, and dinosaurs.

LBGT activism in Uganda, the start of Greenpeace, Bangladesh acid attacks, and dinosaurs.

Film Special2020122620201229 (WS)We hear from eye-witnesses to some classic moments in cinema history – from It's a Wonderful Life to Satyajit Ray's Apu trilogy via Studio Ghibli, the Sound of Music and Charlie Chaplin's Great Dictator.

Plus, film critic Helen O'Hara tells us about the history of Christmas movies.

Photo: one of the final scenes from Frank Capra's It's A Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Carol Coombs, Jimmy Hawkins, Larry Simms and Karolyn Grimes, clockwise from top (photo by Herbert Dorfman/Corbis via Getty Images)

Featuring It's A Wonderful Life, Studio Ghibli and Charlie Chaplin

We hear from eye-witnesses to some classic moments in cinema history – from It's a Wonderful Life to Satyajit Ray's Apu trilogy via Studio Ghibli, the Sound of Music and Charlie Chaplin's Great Dictator.

Plus, film critic Helen O'Hara tells us about the history of Christmas movies.

Photo: one of the final scenes from Frank Capra's It's A Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Carol Coombs, Jimmy Hawkins, Larry Simms and Karolyn Grimes, clockwise from top (photo by Herbert Dorfman/Corbis via Getty Images)

Featuring It's A Wonderful Life, Studio Ghibli and Charlie Chaplin

First Cia Coup In Latin America2016073020160731 (WS)America's fight against communism; giant China earthquake; riots in Liverpool; Picasso.

"In this week's programme, we hear personal accounts of two fronts in America's Cold War fight against communism: Guatemala and Russia itself. Plus, the earthquake in China that killed a quarter of a million; riots in the English city of Liverpool; and remembering Picasso in his prime.

PHOTO: Army officers opposed to President Arbenz go over a map of the territory on their push to Zacapa and then to Guatemala City, July 1954. (AP Photo)

America's fight against communism; giant China earthquake; riots in Liverpool; Picasso.

"

"In this week's programme, we hear personal accounts of two fronts in America's Cold War fight against communism: Guatemala and Russia itself. Plus, the earthquake in China that killed a quarter of a million; riots in the English city of Liverpool; and remembering Picasso in his prime.

PHOTO: Army officers opposed to President Arbenz go over a map of the territory on their push to Zacapa and then to Guatemala City, July 1954. (AP Photo)

America's fight against communism; giant China earthquake; riots in Liverpool; Picasso.

"

"America's fight against communism; giant China earthquake; riots in Liverpool; Picasso.

In this week's programme, we hear personal accounts of two fronts in America's Cold War fight against communism: Guatemala and Russia itself. Plus, the earthquake in China that killed a quarter of a million; riots in the English city of Liverpool; and remembering Picasso in his prime.

PHOTO: Army officers opposed to President Arbenz go over a map of the territory on their push to Zacapa and then to Guatemala City, July 1954. (AP Photo)

"

Flower Of Scotland2014091320140914 (WS)"Scotland's unofficial national anthem, Chairman Mao's wife, DNA fingerprinting and more

"

"Scotland's unofficial national anthem, Chairman Mao's wife, DNA fingerprinting and more

"

Free Health Care For All2018060220180603 (WS)The birth of the British health service in 1948; the battle for compensation over Thalidomide; the world's first bicycle-sharing scheme; discovering a perfectly-formed frozen baby mammoth in Siberia, and the great science-fiction writer, Isaac Asimov.

Photo: Aneurin Bevan, Minister of Health, meeting a patient at Papworth Village Hospital after the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948 (Edward G Malindine/Getty Images)

The birth of Britain's NHS; the Thalidomide trial; and discovering a baby woolly mammoth

"The birth of Britain's NHS; the Thalidomide trial; and discovering a baby woolly mammoth

The birth of the British health service in 1948; the battle for compensation over Thalidomide; the world's first bicycle-sharing scheme; discovering a perfectly-formed frozen baby mammoth in Siberia, and the great science-fiction writer, Isaac Asimov.

Photo: Aneurin Bevan, Minister of Health, meeting a patient at Papworth Village Hospital after the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948 (Edward G Malindine/Getty Images)

"

Freeing American Prisoners From Iran2020022920200303 (WS)How a former prisoner fought to free her friends, an Antarctic mystery, and rebel nuns
Golda Meir2015032120150322 (WS)Israel's first woman prime minister; Escaping East Berlin; America's biggest art heist.
Grand Theft Auto2013122820131229 (WS)"The game that shocked the world; interned in Manila in WW2, the real Gorillas in the Mist

Grand Theft Auto, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death.

Photo: Cover Art of Grand Theft Auto

, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death."

"The game that shocked the world; interned in Manila in WW2, the real Gorillas in the Mist

Grand Theft Auto, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death.

Photo: Cover Art of Grand Theft Auto

"

"The game that shocked the world; interned in Manila in WW2, the real Gorillas in the Mist

Grand Theft Auto, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death.

Photo: Cover Art of Grand Theft Auto

"

"The game that shocked the world; interned in Manila in WW2, the real Gorillas in the Mist

Grand Theft Auto, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death.

Photo: Cover Art of Grand Theft Auto

"

"The game that shocked the world; interned in Manila in WW2, the real Gorillas in the Mist

Grand Theft Auto, the game that shocked the world; a boy interned in a Japanese prison camp in World War II, plus Dian Fossey and the story of the real 'Gorillas in the Mist'; the murder of a Brazilian environmentalist and the British MP who faked his own death.

Photo: Cover Art of Grand Theft Auto

"

Greece - The 1967 Military Coup2014042620140427 (WS)"In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens. Hear from a man who opposed them; plus friendship with Robert Mugabe, a Muslim pacifist in British India, Portugal's Carnation revolution and the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy - America's chief hunter of communists.

(Photo: Tanks in central Athens. Credit: AFP)

In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens hear from a man who opposed them

"

"In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens. Hear from a man who opposed them; plus friendship with Robert Mugabe, a Muslim pacifist in British India, Portugal's Carnation revolution and the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy - America's chief hunter of communists.

(Photo: Tanks in central Athens. Credit: AFP)

In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens hear from a man who opposed them

"

"In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens. Hear from a man who opposed them; plus friendship with Robert Mugabe, a Muslim pacifist in British India, Portugal's Carnation revolution and the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy - America's chief hunter of communists.

(Photo: Tanks in central Athens. Credit: AFP)

In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens hear from a man who opposed them

"

"In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens hear from a man who opposed them

In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens. Hear from a man who opposed them; plus friendship with Robert Mugabe, a Muslim pacifist in British India, Portugal's Carnation revolution and the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy - America's chief hunter of communists.

(Photo: Tanks in central Athens. Credit: AFP)

"

"In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens hear from a man who opposed them

In April 1967 a group of colonels seized power in Athens. Hear from a man who opposed them; plus friendship with Robert Mugabe, a Muslim pacifist in British India, Portugal's Carnation revolution and the downfall of Senator Joseph McCarthy - America's chief hunter of communists.

(Photo: Tanks in central Athens. Credit: AFP)

"

Helen Keller2015070420150705 (WS)"Deaf and blind Helen Keller, Red Cross visits Nazi concentration camp, Berlin Love Parade

"

"Deaf and blind Helen Keller, Red Cross visits Nazi concentration camp, Berlin Love Parade

"

Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch2021012320210126 (WS)Hitler made his first attempt at seizing power in Germany in 1923, ten years before he eventually became Chancellor. The failed "beer hall putsch" - so named because it started in a beer hall in the southern city of Munich - would become a foundational part of the Nazis' self-mythology. Professor Frank McDonough tells us more.

Plus, more Nazis with The Turner Diaries, the novel that inspired the US far right; anti-Sikh riots in India; the birth of Swahili-language publishing; and the house fire in New Cross, South London, which led to a Black People's Day of Action.

PHOTO: Nazi members during the Beer Hall Putsch, Munich, Germany 1923 (Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Hitler's first attempt at seizing power, anti-Sikh riots in India, and the Turner Diaries

How Europe Won Over The British Left2016091020160911 (WS)British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, Mao as a man.

"British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, what Mao was like as a man, the beginning of Star Trek and mass methanol poisoning in .

Photo: Jacques Delors, President of the European Commission, addressing the Trade Union Congress in Bournemouth. 08/09/1988 (AP)

British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, Mao as a man.

"

"British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, what Mao was like as a man, the beginning of Star Trek and mass methanol poisoning in .

Photo: Jacques Delors, President of the European Commission, addressing the Trade Union Congress in Bournemouth. 08/09/1988 (AP)

British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, Mao as a man.

"

"British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, Mao as a man.

British unions turning to Europe, Italian partisans fighting fascists, what Mao was like as a man, the beginning of Star Trek and mass methanol poisoning in .

Photo: Jacques Delors, President of the European Commission, addressing the Trade Union Congress in Bournemouth. 08/09/1988 (AP)

"

How I Survived A Fire On A Plane2018091520180916 (WS)A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s, Chamberlain's talks with Hitler in 1938 plus the killing of the South African anti-apartheid campaigner, Steve Biko. Also toxic waste being shipped around the world in the 1980s and how Britain became obsessed with the idea that aliens were responsible for crop circles.

(Photo: Ricardo Trajano as a young man. Copyright: Ricardo Trajano)

A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s and the killing of Steve Biko.

"A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s and the killing of Steve Biko.

A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s, Chamberlain's talks with Hitler in 1938 plus the killing of the South African anti-apartheid campaigner, Steve Biko. Also toxic waste being shipped around the world in the 1980s and how Britain became obsessed with the idea that aliens were responsible for crop circles.

(Photo: Ricardo Trajano as a young man. Copyright: Ricardo Trajano)

"

"

A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s and the killing of Steve Biko.

A lucky escape from a jet plane fire in the 1970s, Chamberlain's talks with Hitler in 1938 plus the killing of the South African anti-apartheid campaigner, Steve Biko. Also toxic waste being shipped around the world in the 1980s and how Britain became obsessed with the idea that aliens were responsible for crop circles.

(Photo: Ricardo Trajano as a young man. Copyright: Ricardo Trajano)

"

How Princess Diana Changed The Perception Of Aids2017040820170409 (WS)A handshake that changed attitudes to AIDS, America enters WW1, and Egypt's Facebook girl

"A handshake that changed attitudes to AIDS, America enters WW1, and Egypt's Facebook girl

"

How Princess Diana Changed The Perception Of Aids20170410"The royal handshake that changed attitudes to AIDS, America enters WW1, plus Egypt's Facebook girl, Nagorno Karabakh and remembering Jane Fonda's workout

(Photo: Princess Diana with an AIDS patient at the Middlesex Hospital April 1987. Credit REX/Shutterstock)

A handshake that changed attitudes to AIDS, America enters WW1, and Egypt's Facebook girl

"

How Technology Revolutionised Our Lives2020041120200413 (WS)In a special edition of the History Hour, Max Pearson looks back at some of the major technological milestones of recent years. We hear about the Californian computer club where the founders of Apple cut their teeth, about the inventors of the webcam and about the unlikely pioneers of home shopping. Plus, the launch of the iPhone and one of the very first social networks.

PHOTO: Len Shustek, former member of the Homebrew Computer Club.

Memories of milestones from webcams to social networks, from the iPhone to home-shopping.

How The Nra Became A Us Political Lobbying Giant2021042420210426 (WS)The origins of the gun lobby in the US. Plus we speak to Prof Robert Spitzer about the power of the National Rifle Association. Also, the mysterious American who killed two men in Pakistan and triggered a diplomatic crisis, the historic trial of the Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in 1961, the battle to reclaim a Native American sacred lake, and the first space shuttle mission.

Photo: National Rifle Association Holds Its Annual Conference In Dallas, Texas. DALLAS, TX - MAY 05 2018. Credit: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

A history of the gun lobby in the US, the Eichmann trial in 1961, the first space shuttle

Hurricane Mitch2013110220131103 (WS)"This week, we look back at massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's assassination and Black Monday on Wall St. Plus we have items on propaganda broadcasts for Japan in WW2 and the first suicide helpline.

Photo: A young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)

Massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's murder, plus Black Monday on Wall St.

"

"This week, we look back at massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's assassination and Black Monday on Wall St. Plus we have items on propaganda broadcasts for Japan in WW2 and the first suicide helpline.

Photo: A young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)

Massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's murder, plus Black Monday on Wall St."

"Massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's murder, plus Black Monday on Wall St.

This week, we look back at massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's assassination and Black Monday on Wall St. Plus we have items on propaganda broadcasts for Japan in WW2 and the first suicide helpline.

Photo: A young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"Massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's murder, plus Black Monday on Wall St.

This week, we look back at massive storms in Central America, Indira Gandhi's assassination and Black Monday on Wall St. Plus we have items on propaganda broadcasts for Japan in WW2 and the first suicide helpline.

Photo: A young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)

Photo: A young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)"

I Saw The Soldiers Who Killed El Salvador's Priests2019112320191126 (WS)The woman who risked her life to reveal that the army, not left-wing rebels, were responsible for the murder of six Jesuit priests in 1980s El Salvador; the moment when the Taser first hit the streets; the long legal fight to reclaim Klimt's masterpiece Woman in Gold; the man who got the Delhi metro built; and travels in Arabia with Wilfred Thesiger.

(Photo: a plaque commemorating the murdered priests in San Salvador- courtesy of David Mee)

An atrocity in El Salvador, the first Taser, and building the Delhi metro

I Was Abused By A President2019030920190312 (WS)How allegations of child abuse engulfed Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, the campaign to return the Elgin marbles to Greece, Britain's first black headteacher, the origins of the Barbie doll and how Baroness Warsi made history.

Photo: Zoilamerica Narváez announces in a press conference that she is filing a law suit against her stepfather Daniel Ortega, March 1998 (RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images):

How scandal engulfed Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega, the Elgin marbles, Barbie's origins

"

Iceland Jails Its Bankers2019021620190219 (WS)Why Iceland jailed 40 bankers after the 2008 financial crisis, how the Maastricht Treaty gave birth to the EU, plus America's first female airline pilots, Cameroon's historic referendum and homeless, drunk and yet a genius in the USSR.

(Photo: Protesters on the streets of Reykjavik demand answers from the government and the banks about the country's financial crisis, Nov. 2008. (Halldor Kolbeins/AFP/Getty Images)

Why Iceland jailed 40 bankers after the 2008 financial crisis plus the birth of the EU.

"

Why Iceland jailed 40 bankers after the 2008 financial crisis, how the Maastricht Treaty gave birth to the EU, plus America's first female airline pilots, Cameroon's historic referendum and homeless, drunk and yet a genius in the USSR.

(Photo: Protesters on the streets of Reykjavik demand answers from the government and the banks about the country's financial crisis, Nov. 2008. (Halldor Kolbeins/AFP/Getty Images)

Why Iceland jailed 40 bankers after the 2008 financial crisis plus the birth of the EU.

"

International Space Station2013122120131222 (WS)"A new era in space exploration, East Timorese fighters and the kidnap of Sinatra's son.

episode-p01n9fv0.jpg

"

"A new era in space exploration, East Timorese fighters and the kidnap of Sinatra's son.

episode-p01n9fv0.jpg

"

episode-p01n9fv0.jpg

Internment In Northern Ireland2014080920140810 (WS)"Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, the resignation of President Nixon, plus the Mississippi burning case, the man preserved in peat for 2000 years, and the largest attempted Japanese POW breakout.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, Mississippi Burning, and Lindow Man.

"

"Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, the resignation of President Nixon, plus the Mississippi burning case, the man preserved in peat for 2000 years, and the largest attempted Japanese POW breakout.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, Mississippi Burning, and Lindow Man.

"

"Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, the resignation of President Nixon, plus the Mississippi burning case, the man preserved in peat for 2000 years, and the largest attempted Japanese POW breakout.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, Mississippi Burning, and Lindow Man.

"

"Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, Mississippi Burning, and Lindow Man.

Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, the resignation of President Nixon, plus the Mississippi burning case, the man preserved in peat for 2000 years, and the largest attempted Japanese POW breakout.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

"Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, Mississippi Burning, and Lindow Man.

Detention without trial in Northern Ireland, the resignation of President Nixon, plus the Mississippi burning case, the man preserved in peat for 2000 years, and the largest attempted Japanese POW breakout.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

Inventing James Bond2020090520200906 (WS)
20200907 (WS)
How author and former intelligence officer Ian Fleming created the British super-spy, James Bond plus, how the British government shifted social care for the disabled away from large institutions and into the community and the Cape Town bombings in 1990s South Africa. Also how a British Airways jumbo jet flew through a volcanic ash cloud and survived and the birth of the Sony Walkman, a device that changed listening habits forever.

Photo: Ian Lancaster Fleming, British author and creator of the James Bond character, in 1958. (Getty Images)

Ian Fleming and the genesis of James Bond and the birth of the Sony Walkman

Iran Student Protests20130713"Unrest in Iran, French resistance leader Jean Moulin and rockers protest against disco

In 1999, reformist students in Iran launched a wave of anti-government demonstrations. At the time, they were largely against the Islamic regime. The History Hour speaks to Ahmad Batebi, the student who became an unwitting symbol of the unrest. The programme also remembers the French resistance leader, Jean Moulin, and hears from the American rock DJ who organised a protest against disco music in 1979.

Photo: Ahmad Batebi holds up a T-shirt belonging to an injured friend, Tehran, 12 July, 1999. Credit: Reuters.

"Unrest in Iran, French resistance leader Jean Moulin and rockers protest against disco

In 1999, reformist students in Iran launched a wave of anti-government demonstrations. At the time, they were largely against the Islamic regime. The History Hour speaks to Ahmad Batebi, the student who became an unwitting symbol of the unrest. The programme also remembers the French resistance leader, Jean Moulin, and hears from the American rock DJ who organised a protest against disco music in 1979.

Photo: Ahmad Batebi holds up a T-shirt belonging to an injured friend, Tehran, 12 July, 1999. Credit: Reuters.

"

Iran's Cultural Revolution2015062020150621 (WS)Iran's Islamic hardliners shut universities to drive out secular opposition

Iran's Islamic hardliners shut universities to drive out secular opposition; interracial marriage in apartheid South Africa; an audacious attempt to escape from the USSR; the Cambridge Movement for African-American civil rights; and a Jewish take on the Six Day War.

(Photo: Iran's leader Ayatollah Khomeini. Credit: AP)

(Photo: Iran's leader Ayatollah Khomeini. Credit: AP)

Iran's Islamic hardliners shut universities to drive out secular opposition

Iran's Islamic hardliners shut universities to drive out secular opposition; interracial marriage in apartheid South Africa; an audacious attempt to escape from the USSR; the Cambridge Movement for African-American civil rights; and a Jewish take on the Six Day War.

(Photo: Iran's leader Ayatollah Khomeini. Credit: AP)

Iraq After The Invasion2014070520140706 (WS)"Iraqis remember abuse in Abu Ghraib jail, plus a US soldier on the Awakening movement.

"

"Iraqis remember abuse in Abu Ghraib jail, plus a US soldier on the Awakening movement.

"

Iraqi Chemical Attacks20130921"Gas attacks on Iraqi Kurds, secret Middle East talks, plus Duke Ellington in Kabul

Gas attacks on Iraqi Kurds, secret Middle East talks, plus Duke Ellington in Kabul"

"Gas attacks on Iraqi Kurds, secret Middle East talks, plus Duke Ellington in Kabul

"

"Gas attacks on Iraqi Kurds, secret Middle East talks, plus Duke Ellington in Kabul"

"Gas attacks on Iraqi Kurds, secret Middle East talks, plus Duke Ellington in Kabul"

Iraqi Shia Uprising - 19912016032620160327 (WS)At the end of the First Gulf War thousands of Iraqi Shias rose up against Saddam Hussein.

"At the end of the First Gulf War thousands of Iraqi Shias rose up against Saddam Hussein.

At the end of the First Gulf War in 1991, after Iraqi troops had been driven out of Kuwait, thousands of Iraqis rose up against Saddam Hussein. Some of the rebels were returning conscripts, some were Kurds, but many were Shias who had suffered oppression at the hands of Saddam's Baathist regime. Also this week: the story of Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia; and the long struggle for the independence of Namibia.

(Photo: Iraqi Shia women in ruined Karbala, breast-feeding their children. Their homes were destroyed during clashes between the Iraqi forces and Shia rebels. Credit: Rabih Moghrabi/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"At the end of the First Gulf War thousands of Iraqi Shias rose up against Saddam Hussein.

At the end of the First Gulf War in 1991, after Iraqi troops had been driven out of Kuwait, thousands of Iraqis rose up against Saddam Hussein. Some of the rebels were returning conscripts, some were Kurds, but many were Shias who had suffered oppression at the hands of Saddam's Baathist regime. Also this week: the story of Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia; and the long struggle for the independence of Namibia.

(Photo: Iraqi Shia women in ruined Karbala, breast-feeding their children. Their homes were destroyed during clashes between the Iraqi forces and Shia rebels. Credit: Rabih Moghrabi/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"At the end of the First Gulf War thousands of Iraqi Shias rose up against Saddam Hussein.

At the end of the First Gulf War in 1991, after Iraqi troops had been driven out of Kuwait, thousands of Iraqis rose up against Saddam Hussein. Some of the rebels were returning conscripts, some were Kurds, but many were Shias who had suffered oppression at the hands of Saddam's Baathist regime. Also this week: the story of Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia; and the long struggle for the independence of Namibia.

(Photo: Iraqi Shia women in ruined Karbala, breast-feeding their children. Their homes were destroyed during clashes between the Iraqi forces and Shia rebels. Credit: Rabih Moghrabi/AFP/Getty Images)

"

Israel's Secret Nuclear Weapons20131005"The whistle-blower who revealed Israel's nuclear weapons programme; Chamberlain appeases Hitler; Mao's American comrade; Australia's asylum stand-off; and Betty Ford gets sober.

Photo: Mordechai Vanunu in detention, Israel, 1986 (AP)

Israel's nuclear whistle-blower; Mao's American comrade; and Betty Ford gets sober"

"Israel's nuclear whistle-blower; Mao's American comrade; and Betty Ford gets sober

The whistle-blower who revealed Israel's nuclear weapons programme; Chamberlain appeases Hitler; Mao's American comrade; Australia's asylum stand-off; and Betty Ford gets sober.

Photo: Mordechai Vanunu in detention, Israel, 1986 (AP)

"

"Israel's nuclear whistle-blower; Mao's American comrade; and Betty Ford gets sober

The whistle-blower who revealed Israel's nuclear weapons programme; Chamberlain appeases Hitler; Mao's American comrade; Australia's asylum stand-off; and Betty Ford gets sober.

Photo: Mordechai Vanunu in detention, Israel, 1986 (AP)"

Italy's Secret ""state-within-a-state2017062420170625 (WS)"Murder and conspiracy among Italy's elite, atrocity in 1930s Ethiopia, and Body Worlds

Murder and conspiracy among Italy's elite, an Italian atrocity in 1930s Ethiopia, Christians in the Korean War, Japan hosts the first Body Worlds, and Asian Americans struggle against racism and violence in the 1980s.
Photo: Robert Calvi, head of Banco Ambrosiano, who was convicted of fraud but released on appeal shortly before his murder (Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

Italy's Secret ""state-within-a-state""20170624
Italy's Secret "state-within-a-state"2017062420170625 (WS)Murder and conspiracy among Italy's elite, atrocity in 1930s Ethiopia, and Body Worlds
Jailed For Speaking His Mind In China2014051720140518 (WS)"Confronting Chairman Mao, Steve Biko, escaping the Holocaust and England's mods and rockers

"

"Confronting Chairman Mao, Steve Biko, escaping the Holocaust and England's mods and rockers

"

James Brown's 1968 Concert2013040620130407 (WS)"Keeping the Boston streets quiet after the assassination of Martin Luther King

How did James Brown keep the streets of Boston quiet after the assassination of Martin Luther King?

Also on the programme: survivors of an Operation Babylift plane crash; Howard Hughes the billionaire recluse; feminist legislation; the first mobile phone call and the real Peter Pan.

(Image: James Brown, Credit: AFP)

"

"Keeping the Boston streets quiet after the assassination of Martin Luther King

How did James Brown keep the streets of Boston quiet after the assassination of Martin Luther King?

Also on the programme: survivors of an Operation Babylift plane crash; Howard Hughes the billionaire recluse; feminist legislation; the first mobile phone call and the real Peter Pan.

(Image: James Brown, Credit: AFP)

"

'jane' - The Underground Abortion Service2019110220191105 (WS)The feminist network that performed illegal abortions in the 1960s in Chicago, the Algerian nationals who fought alongside the French in Algeria's war of independence and when Margaret Thatcher first expressed anti- Europe sentiment. Plus the Paris hotel that hosted Holocaust survivors at the end of the Second World War and the battle to protect the Barrier Reef.

Photo courtesy of Martha Scott

The secret 1960s US abortion network and the battle to protect the Barrier Reef.

Japanese Murders In Brazil2018111720181120 (WS)How Japanese immigrants in Brazil fell out with each other after the end of the WW2, how Britain helped to get disabled people on the road in the 1940s plus life for Jews under Imperial Russia, the victims of Brazil's military dictatorship in the 1970s and the American embassy hostage crisis in Tehran.

Fanatics killed Japanese immigrants who accepted that Japan had surrendered in WW2.

Japanese Soldier In Hiding2016012320160124 (WS)In January 1972 a Japanese soldier was found in the jungle of Guam. He had been hiding there for 27 years since the end of World War II.

His name was Shoichi Yokoi. (Photo: Shoichi Yokoi/Credit: Associated Press)

A Japanese soldier hid in the jungle of Guam for 27 years after WW2.

A Japanese soldier hid in the jungle of Guam for 27 years after WW2.

In January 1972 a Japanese soldier was found in the jungle of Guam. He had been hiding there for 27 years since the end of World War II.

His name was Shoichi Yokoi. (Photo: Shoichi Yokoi/Credit: Associated Press)

A Japanese soldier hid in the jungle of Guam for 27 years after WW2.

Jimmy Hoffa And The Mob20130803The death of the union boss; a World War II shark attack; and a soap opera grips India.

In 1975, the notorious American union boss, Jimmy Hoffa, went missing. Hoffa has never been seen since but it is widely believed he was killed in a mafia hit. On the History Hour this week, hear from an FBI agent who investigated the murder. Plus, the sailor who survived an attack by sharks during World War II, and the Indian actress who starred in a soap opera which gripped the nation.

Photo: Jimmy Hoffa testifying at a hearing into labour rackets, 1958 (Keystone/Getty Images)

Kenya’s Torture Chambers2015112120151122 (WS)"Repression on Kenyan opposition; mobs attack US embassy in Pakistan; and Erica Jong.

In 1986, dozens of Kenyans were detained and accused of belonging to an underground opposition movement. Also, hiding inside the US embassy in Islamabad under attack from angry mobs; plus the secret CIA funding for a leading literary magazine. And Erica Jong on Fear of Flying, plus the scandal over India's lesbian film.

(Photo: Former Kenyan detainee, Wachira Waheire)

"

"Repression on Kenyan opposition; mobs attack US embassy in Pakistan; and Erica Jong.

In 1986, dozens of Kenyans were detained and accused of belonging to an underground opposition movement. Also, hiding inside the US embassy in Islamabad under attack from angry mobs; plus the secret CIA funding for a leading literary magazine. And Erica Jong on Fear of Flying, plus the scandal over India's lesbian film.

(Photo: Former Kenyan detainee, Wachira Waheire)

"

Kenya's Ivory Inferno2019071320190715 (WS)Twelve tonnes of ivory was set alight by President Daniel Arap Moi in Nairobi National Park in July 1989, to highlight the threat from poaching. The ivory burn was organised by conservationists who wanted to save the world's elephants. Plus, the closure of Britain's ground-breaking Common Cold Unit; Cuba executes top military officers, the Chinese allow sales of tampons and the first modern lesbian.

(Photo: Ivory tusks arranged in a pile and set alight. Credit: Andrew Holbrooke/Corbis/Getty Images)

Highlighting the threat from poaching, solving the common cold, plus China and the tampon

Highlighting the threat from poaching, solving the common cold, plus China and the tampon

Kenya's Torture Chambers2015112120151122 (WS)"Repression on Kenyan opposition; mobs attack US embassy in Pakistan; and Erica Jong.

In 1986, dozens of Kenyans were detained and accused of belonging to an underground opposition movement. Also, hiding inside the US embassy in Islamabad under attack from angry mobs; plus the secret CIA funding for a leading literary magazine. And Erica Jong on Fear of Flying, plus the scandal over India's lesbian film.

(Photo: Former Kenyan detainee, Wachira Waheire)

(Photo: Former Kenyan detainee, Wachira Waheire)"

"Repression on Kenyan opposition; mobs attack US embassy in Pakistan; and Erica Jong.

In 1986, dozens of Kenyans were detained and accused of belonging to an underground opposition movement. Also, hiding inside the US embassy in Islamabad under attack from angry mobs; plus the secret CIA funding for a leading literary magazine. And Erica Jong on Fear of Flying, plus the scandal over India's lesbian film.

(Photo: Former Kenyan detainee, Wachira Waheire)

"

Korea Divided2015081520150816 (WS)"Korea split after World War Two, the penal colony Devil's Island and Harry Potter

In this programme: Korea split along the 38th parallel, child prisoners of the Japanese during World War Two, the notorious Devil's Island penal colony, the man who published Harry Potter and Sue the T-Rex skeleton.

Photo: Korea 38th parallel Credit: AFP

"

"Korea split after World War Two, the penal colony Devil's Island and Harry Potter

In this programme: Korea split along the 38th parallel, child prisoners of the Japanese during World War Two, the notorious Devil's Island penal colony, the man who published Harry Potter and Sue the T-Rex skeleton.

Photo: Korea 38th parallel Credit: AFP

"

"Korea split after World War Two, the penal colony Devil's Island and Harry Potter

In this programme: Korea split along the 38th parallel, child prisoners of the Japanese during World War Two, the notorious Devil's Island penal colony, the man who published Harry Potter and Sue the T-Rex skeleton.

Photo: Korea 38th parallel Credit: AFP

"

Korea Divided: A Bitter History2018061620180617 (WS)From the 1945 division of the peninsula, to the Korean war and the death of Kim II-sung, we have first-hand accounts from the turbulent recent history of North and South Korea. Plus, expert analysis from Dr Owen Miller of SOAS University of London.

Photo: As US infantrymen march into the Naktong River region, they pass a line of fleeing refugees during the Korean War (Getty images)

Key witnesses to the turbulent history of North and South Korea.

"Key witnesses to the turbulent history of North and South Korea.

From the 1945 division of the peninsula, to the Korean war and the death of Kim II-sung, we have first-hand accounts from the turbulent recent history of North and South Korea. Plus, expert analysis from Dr Owen Miller of SOAS University of London.

Photo: As US infantrymen march into the Naktong River region, they pass a line of fleeing refugees during the Korean War (Getty images)

"

Kuwaiti Women Secure The Vote2017031120170312 (WS)Kuwaiti women win the vote; smog in Mexico, and America's first Islamic terror incident

"Kuwaiti women win the vote; smog in Mexico, and America's first Islamic terror incident

Women in Kuwait win the right to vote, and the only women on the front line on the Western Front in World War One; battling smog in Mexico City in the 1980s, the artist Georgia O'Keeffe, and America's first incident of Islamic terror forty years ago.

Photo: the first women candidates for parliamentary elections in Kuwait in 2006, Aisha al-Rashid (R) and Rola Dashti (C)
(Credit: Yasser al-Zayya/AFP/Getty Images)

"

Kuwaiti Women Secure The Vote20170312"Women in Kuwait win the right to vote, and the only women on the front line on the Western Front in World War One; battling smog in Mexico City in the 1980s, the artist Georgia O'Keeffe, and America's first incident of Islamic terror forty years ago.

Photo: the first women candidates for parliamentary elections in Kuwait in 2006, Aisha al-Rashid (R) and Rola Dashti (C)

(Credit: Yasser al-Zayya/AFP/Getty Images)

Kuwaiti women win the vote; smog in Mexico, and America's first Islamic terror incident

"

Kwanzaa - The African-american Holiday2017123020171231 (WS)How Black activists invented a new holiday, flying around the world and Leningrad in WW2.

"How Black activists invented a new holiday, flying around the world and Leningrad in WW2.

How Black activists invented a new holiday, flying around the world without refuelling, what not to do if you win a fortune, and the mountaineers who risked their lives climbing the spires of Leningrad during WW2. Then there's the obligatory Christmas board game - Trivial Pursuit.

Picture: Children at the first Kwanzaa celebration - courtesy of Terri Bandele.

"

Kwanzaa - The African-american Holiday20171231"How Black activists invented a new holiday, flying around the world and Leningrad in WW2.

How Black activists invented a new holiday, flying around the world without refuelling, what not to do if you win a fortune, and the mountaineers who risked their lives climbing the spires of Leningrad during WW2. Then there's the obligatory Christmas board game - Trivial Pursuit.

Picture: Children at the first Kwanzaa celebration - courtesy of Terri Bandele.

"

Latinos Protest Against Vietnam2015082920150830 (WS)"How a Mexican-American march against the Vietnam War descended into chaos in 1970, Hurricane Katrina plus mass executions in Iran, the assassination of the Philippines opposition leader Benigno Aquino and the Guinness Book of records, the world's best selling annual.

PHOTO: The poster for the Chicano Moratorium (Courtesy: Rosalio Munoz).

A Mexican-American march descends into chaos, Hurricane Katrina and executions in Iran.

"

"How a Mexican-American march against the Vietnam War descended into chaos in 1970, Hurricane Katrina plus mass executions in Iran, the assassination of the Philippines opposition leader Benigno Aquino and the Guinness Book of records, the world's best selling annual.

PHOTO: The poster for the Chicano Moratorium (Courtesy: Rosalio Munoz).

A Mexican-American march descends into chaos, Hurricane Katrina and executions in Iran.

"

"A Mexican-American march descends into chaos, Hurricane Katrina and executions in Iran.

How a Mexican-American march against the Vietnam War descended into chaos in 1970, Hurricane Katrina plus mass executions in Iran, the assassination of the Philippines opposition leader Benigno Aquino and the Guinness Book of records, the world's best selling annual.

PHOTO: The poster for the Chicano Moratorium (Courtesy: Rosalio Munoz).

"

Lebanon Civil War2014031520140316 (WS)"On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid training bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

Photo:Women running away from shelling in Christian East Beirut in 1989. (Credit: Joseph Barrak/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid training bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

Photo:Women running away from shelling in Christian East Beirut in 1989. (Credit: Joseph Barrak/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid training bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

Photo:Women running away from shelling in Christian East Beirut in 1989. (Credit: Joseph Barrak/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"A key moment in the Lebanon conflict; Taiwan massacre; suffragettes and Barbie the Doll.

On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid train bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

Photo:Women running away from shelling in Christian East Beirut in 1989. (Credit: Joseph Barrak/AFP/Getty Images)

On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid training bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

"

"A key moment in the Lebanon conflict; Taiwan massacre; suffragettes and Barbie the Doll.

On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid train bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

Photo:Women running away from shelling in Christian East Beirut in 1989. (Credit: Joseph Barrak/AFP/Getty Images)

On the anniversary of a major turning point in the conflict in Lebanon, the History Hour gets a child's perspective. Plus, the massacre which scarred Taiwan's modern history; the Madrid training bombings; suffragettes; and Barbie celebrates her birthday.

"

Lee Harvey Oswald In The Ussr2013112320131124 (WS)"The man who shot JFK - in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the first Doctor Who.

The man who shot JFK - by two people who knew him in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the death of Ken Saro Wiwa; plus actress Carole Ann Ford - Doctor Who's grand-daughter.

(Photo: Lee Harvey Oswald after his arrest in Dallas, Nov 22 1963. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The man who shot JFK - in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the first Doctor Who.

The man who shot JFK - by two people who knew him in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the death of Ken Saro Wiwa; plus actress Carole Ann Ford - Doctor Who's grand-daughter.

(Photo: Lee Harvey Oswald after his arrest in Dallas, Nov 22 1963. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)"

"The man who shot JFK - in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the first Doctor Who.

The man who shot JFK - by two people who knew him in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the death of Ken Saro Wiwa; plus actress Carole Ann Ford - Doctor Who's grand-daughter.

(Photo: Lee Harvey Oswald after his arrest in Dallas, Nov 22 1963. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The man who shot JFK - in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the first Doctor Who.

The man who shot JFK - by two people who knew him in the USSR; the Jonestown mass suicide; the death of Ken Saro Wiwa; plus actress Carole Ann Ford - Doctor Who's grand-daughter.

(Photo: Lee Harvey Oswald after his arrest in Dallas, Nov 22 1963. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)"

Life With America's Black Panthers2018110320181106 (WS)Remembering the radical African American movement, and the KGB's whistleblower.
Living Under Gaddafi2018090820180909 (WS)Award-winning writer Hisham Matar on life in Gaddafi's Libya, plus how British Bengalis faced the far-right in 1970s east London, the last battles of WW1, the struggle to name St.Petersburg and the first MRI scanner.

Photo: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in Tripoli on September 27th 1969, shortly after the bloodless coup that brought him to power AFP FILES/AFP/Getty Images)

How Gaddafi changed Libya, the battle for Brick Lane in 70s London, the first MRI scanner

"How Gaddafi changed Libya, the battle for Brick Lane in 70s London, the first MRI scanner

Award-winning writer Hisham Matar on life in Gaddafi's Libya, plus how British Bengalis faced the far-right in 1970s east London, the last battles of WW1, the struggle to name St.Petersburg and the first MRI scanner.

Photo: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in Tripoli on September 27th 1969, shortly after the bloodless coup that brought him to power AFP FILES/AFP/Getty Images)

Photo: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in Tripoli on September 27th 1969, shortly after the bloodless coup that brought him to power AFP FILES/AFP/Getty Images)"

London's First Black Policeman2020020820200211 (WS)The prejudice faced by London's first black policeman, how a new sign language emerged in 1980s Nicaragua, the Native American casino boom, plus the release of Nelson Mandela and China's much maligned 19th-century dowager empress.

Photo: London's first black policeman PC Norwell Roberts beginning his training with colleagues at Hendon Police College, London, 5th April 1967. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

London's first black policeman, a new sign language, and the release of Nelson Mandela

Love And Marriage2017021820170219 (WS)From speed-dating to gay romance, from divorce to chastity, recent changes in love.

"From speed-dating to gay romance, from divorce to chastity, recent changes in love.

"

Love And Marriage20170219"From speed-dating to gay romance, from divorce to chastity, recent changes in love.

From speed-dating to gay romance, from divorce to bigamy we look at recent changes in the way society perceives love and marriage. Plus - an expert view on how to make sure your love endures.

Photo: A heart hanging over Carnaby Street in London. Credit: BBC.

"

Mandela And The Rivonia Trial2013120720131208 (WS)Nelson Mandela's trial in 1963; Vietnam's Boat People; nuns murdered in 80s El Salvador
Margaret Ekpo - Nigeria's Feminist Pioneer2020082920200831 (WS)Margaret Ekpo helped establish Nigerian independence and became one of the country's first female MPs. We hear from her grandson and speak to a Nigerian feminist about why Nigeria has so few women in government today. Plus the US Supreme Court decision that threatens the voting rights of Black Americans, the policeman turned protestor who was part of the Occupy Wall Street protest, America's first woman combat pilot and the bittersweet memories of the Gaelic-speaking community who left the remote islands of St Kilda in 1930.

PHOTO: Margaret Ekpo in London in August 1953 (ANL/Shutterstock)

The woman who fought for Nigerian independence plus the former policeman turned protestor

Martin Luther's 95 Theses2017110420171105 (WS)The monk who began a religious revolution, the Naked Ape and internet sex and censorship.

"The monk who began a religious revolution, the Naked Ape and internet sex and censorship.

The German monk who began a religious uprising; the book that made us think of humans as animals; how the murder of a Brazilian journalist by the secret police became a symbol of Brazil's military brutality; plus the Lebanese architectural dream that was overtaken by war and the fight that ended sex censorship online.

Photo: A portrait of Martin Luther by Lucas Cranach the Elder on display at the German Historical Museum in Berlin, Germany (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

"

Martin Luther's 95 Theses20171105"The monk who began a religious revolution, the Naked Ape and internet sex and censorship.

The German monk who began a religious uprising; the book that made us think of humans as animals; how the murder of a Brazilian journalist by the secret police became a symbol of Brazil's military brutality; plus the Lebanese architectural dream that was overtaken by war and the fight that ended sex censorship online.

Photo: A portrait of Martin Luther by Lucas Cranach the Elder on display at the German Historical Museum in Berlin, Germany (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

"

May 1968 Paris Riots2018051920180520 (WS)A French riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968; plus the man who led a team that made safe two nuclear weapons that had crashed to ground in the US. Also, the origins of Montessori education, one of the airmen on the Dambusters' raid and actor Jane Asher remembers John Osborne's radical 1950s play, Look Back in Anger.

Photo: Protesters face police in front of the Joseph Gibert bookstore, Boulevard Saint Michel in May 1968. (Credit: Jacques Marie/AFP/Getty Images)

A riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968

"A riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968

A French riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968; plus the man who led a team that made safe two nuclear weapons that had crashed to ground in the US. Also, the origins of Montessori education, one of the airmen on the Dambusters' raid and actor Jane Asher remembers John Osborne's radical 1950s play, Look Back in Anger.

Photo: Protesters face police in front of the Joseph Gibert bookstore, Boulevard Saint Michel in May 1968. (Credit: Jacques Marie/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"

A riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968

A French riot policeman's view of the violence that swept through France in May 1968; plus the man who led a team that made safe two nuclear weapons that had crashed to ground in the US. Also, the origins of Montessori education, one of the airmen on the Dambusters' raid and actor Jane Asher remembers John Osborne's radical 1950s play, Look Back in Anger.

Photo: Protesters face police in front of the Joseph Gibert bookstore, Boulevard Saint Michel in May 1968. (Credit: Jacques Marie/AFP/Getty Images)

"

Medicare2016072320160724 (WS)America's government health insurance programme, plus Chinua Achebe and Bruce Lee.

"America's government health insurance programme, plus Chinua Achebe and Bruce Lee.

America's government health insurance programme Medicare came into force in July 1966. Plus, Chinua Achebe's seminal African novel Things Fall Apart, the Srebrenica massacre, an anti-semitic murder trial in Imperial Russia - and the death of martial arts star Bruce Lee.

PICTURE: President Lyndon B Johnson signs the Medicare Bill with Harry S Truman in Independence, Missouri on July 30, 1965. (AP Photo)

"

"America's government health insurance programme, plus Chinua Achebe and Bruce Lee.

America's government health insurance programme Medicare came into force in July 1966. Plus, Chinua Achebe's seminal African novel Things Fall Apart, the Srebrenica massacre, an anti-semitic murder trial in Imperial Russia - and the death of martial arts star Bruce Lee.

PICTURE: President Lyndon B Johnson signs the Medicare Bill with Harry S Truman in Independence, Missouri on July 30, 1965. (AP Photo)

"

"America's government health insurance programme, plus Chinua Achebe and Bruce Lee.

America's government health insurance programme Medicare came into force in July 1966. Plus, Chinua Achebe's seminal African novel Things Fall Apart, the Srebrenica massacre, an anti-semitic murder trial in Imperial Russia - and the death of martial arts star Bruce Lee.

PICTURE: President Lyndon B Johnson signs the Medicare Bill with Harry S Truman in Independence, Missouri on July 30, 1965. (AP Photo)

"

Medicine In World War One2017082620170827 (WS)Dealing with the medical horrors of WW1, Germany puts Nazis on trial and Botox.

In BBC archive recordings, veterans tell the story of how medical care dealt with the horrors of WW1. Plus when Germany put Nazis on trial, race riots in London's Notting Hill in 1958, and in East Germany in 1992. And the inventors of Botox.

Photo: Australian wounded on the Menin Road on the Western Front, 1917 (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

Michael Jackson's Thriller2015122620151227 (WS)"The release of the world's best-selling album, the death of a WW2 hero, and Beagle 2

The 1982 release of the world's best selling album; plus the untimely death of General George S Patton; the former child star Karolyn Grimes on the film It's A Wonderful Life, the Beagle 2 mission to Mars, and Vladimir Nabokov's scandalous book, Lolita.

(Photo: Michael Jackson and assorted zombies in the video for Thriller in 1983. Credit: 01/01/1983 Publicity Handout)

"

"The release of the world's best-selling album, the death of a WW2 hero, and Beagle 2

The 1982 release of the world's best selling album; plus the untimely death of General George S Patton; the former child star Karolyn Grimes on the film It's A Wonderful Life, the Beagle 2 mission to Mars, and Vladimir Nabokov's scandalous book, Lolita.

(Photo: Michael Jackson and assorted zombies in the video for Thriller in 1983. Credit: 01/01/1983 Publicity Handout)

"

"The release of the world's best-selling album, the death of a WW2 hero, and Beagle 2

The 1982 release of the world's best selling album; plus the untimely death of General George S Patton; the former child star Karolyn Grimes on the film It's A Wonderful Life, the Beagle 2 mission to Mars, and Vladimir Nabokov's scandalous book, Lolita.

(Photo: Michael Jackson and assorted zombies in the video for Thriller in 1983. Credit: 01/01/1983 Publicity Handout)

"

Military Coup In Chile20130914Forty years since Pinochet's coup; the Alabama church bombing in 1963; and Project Tiger

Forty years since Pinochet's coup; the Alabama church bombing in 1963; and Project Tiger

Missing Plane Mystery2014032920140330 (WS)"1947 missing plane mystery; ""Doctor Death"" Jack Kevorkian; and a Maori song hits no.1.

The British passenger plane Star Dust disappeared in 1947 in a mystery which wouldn't be solved for another 53 years. Plus, euthanasia doctor Jack Kevorkian's conviction after helping over 130 people to die; the discovery of the Ebola virus; the USSR's first democratic elections; and the Maori song which made history by going to number 1 in the charts.

(Photo: A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian aircraft. Credit: BA Speedbird Heritage Centre)

"

"1947 missing plane mystery; ""Doctor Death"" Jack Kevorkian; and a Maori song hits no.1.

The British passenger plane Star Dust disappeared in 1947 in a mystery which wouldn't be solved for another 53 years. Plus, euthanasia doctor Jack Kevorkian's conviction after helping over 130 people to die; the discovery of the Ebola virus; the USSR's first democratic elections; and the Maori song which made history by going to number 1 in the charts.

(Photo: A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian aircraft. Credit: BA Speedbird Heritage Centre)

"

Mother Teresa - The Nun Who Became A Saint2017030420170305 (WS)Life with Mother Teresa, the birth of Nollywood and Eleanor Roosevelt in the White House.

"Life with Mother Teresa, the birth of Nollywood and Eleanor Roosevelt in the White House.

Life with Mother Teresa among the poorest of the poor in Calcutta, how the World Health Organisation came to realise that obesity was a global problem and Eleanor Roosevelt in the White House. Plus the immortal cells of Henrietta Lacks - a remarkable story of one woman's impact on medical research.

(PHOTO: AP Mother Teresa holds a child in 1978)

"

Muhammad Ali And The Draft20130427"How the boxer refused to fight in Vietnam, plus a coup in Panama and Selassie in Jamaica.

"How the boxer refused to fight in Vietnam, plus a coup in Panama and Selassie in Jamaica.

"

Nike And The Sweatshop Problem2017081920170820 (WS)The ethics of fashion; the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974; and the "Bard of Bengal".

"The ethics of fashion; the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974; and the ""Bard of Bengal"".

On this week's programme, how campaigners took on Nike in the 1990s, plus the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and the newspaper which defied Argentine's military dictatorship. We also find out more about nudism in East Germany and the great Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore.

PHOTO: Nike worker Cicih Sukaesih telling her story in America in 1996 (courtesy of Jeff Ballinger)

"

North Korea Train Station Explosion2014041920140420 (WS)"In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the UN for help in 2004

An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.

Also on the programme: the 1940s legal challenge to the segregation of Mexican Americans in the US; Easter for Christians in 1980s Moscow; the push by Polish union Solidarity for legal recognition; plus the unfolding drama of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images

"

"In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the UN for help in 2004

An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.

Also on the programme: the 1940s legal challenge to the segregation of Mexican Americans in the US; Easter for Christians in 1980s Moscow; the push by Polish union Solidarity for legal recognition; plus the unfolding drama of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images

"

"An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.

Also on the programme: the 1940s legal challenge to the segregation of Mexican Americans in the US; Easter for Christians in 1980s Moscow; the push by Polish union Solidarity for legal recognition; plus the unfolding drama of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images

"

"An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.

Also on the programme: the 1940s legal challenge to the segregation of Mexican Americans in the US; Easter for Christians in 1980s Moscow; the push by Polish union Solidarity for legal recognition; plus the unfolding drama of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images

"

"An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.

Also on the programme: the 1940s legal challenge to the segregation of Mexican Americans in the US; Easter for Christians in 1980s Moscow; the push by Polish union Solidarity for legal recognition; plus the unfolding drama of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images

"

Operation Lifeline: Canada's Refugee Revolution2017060320170604 (WS)Citizens sponsor refugees, a rock concert for Chernobyl and the first US female rabbi.

"Citizens sponsor refugees, a rock concert for Chernobyl and the first US female rabbi.

How private citizens in Canada sponsored Vietnamese boat-people. Plus the first ever charity rock concert for Chernobyl, the actor who stared in a Hitchcock murder movie, America's first ever female rabbi and Mr Sanitation brings clean toilets in India.

Photo: A Vietnamese boat crowded with refugees runs aground on the Malaysian coast. 1979 (BBC)

"

Pakistan's Women Only Police Station2016021320160214 (WS)How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath & WW2 women code breakers

"How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath and WW2 women code breakers

How Karachi got an all female police station in 1994; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi on heavy metal history plus the 2011 Syrian protests that led to war, WW2 women code breakers and Sophie Tucker, the last of the Red Hot Mamas

(Photo: Police officers Syeda Ghazala (L) Shagufta Majeed (R) in Karachi)

How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath & WW2 women code breakers

"

"How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath and WW2 women code breakers

How Karachi got an all female police station in 1994; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi on heavy metal history plus the 2011 Syrian protests that led to war, WW2 women code breakers and Sophie Tucker, the last of the Red Hot Mamas

(Photo: Police officers Syeda Ghazala (L) Shagufta Majeed (R) in Karachi)

How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath & WW2 women code breakers"

"How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath and WW2 women code breakers

How Karachi got an all female police station in 1994; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi on heavy metal history plus the 2011 Syrian protests that led to war, WW2 women code breakers and Sophie Tucker, the last of the Red Hot Mamas

(Photo: Police officers Syeda Ghazala (L) Shagufta Majeed (R) in Karachi)

"

"How Karachi got an all female police station plus Black Sabbath and WW2 women code breakers

How Karachi got an all female police station in 1994; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi on heavy metal history plus the 2011 Syrian protests that led to war, WW2 women code breakers and Sophie Tucker, the last of the Red Hot Mamas

(Photo: Police officers Syeda Ghazala (L) Shagufta Majeed (R) in Karachi)

"

Princess Diana's Minefield Walk2017011420170115 (WS)A royal visit boosts landmine campaigners, Turkey's headscarf pioneer and spying in WW1

"A royal visit boosts landmine campaigners, Turkey's headscarf pioneer and spying in WW1

In 1997, the Princess of Wales made a high-profile visit to a landmine clearance programme in Angola. Her trip is credited with boosting the campaign for a global landmine treaty signed later that year. Also, the man who rewrote the rules on transitions of power in the USA, the first woman to wear a headscarf into the Turkish parliament and the triumph of British espionage that changed the course of World War One.

PHOTO: Princess Diana in Angola in 1997 (Credit: Alamy)

"

Princess Diana's Minefield Walk20170115"In 1997, the Princess of Wales made a high-profile visit to a landmine clearance programme in Angola. Her trip is credited with boosting the campaign for a global landmine treaty signed later that year. Also, the man who rewrote the rules on transitions of power in the USA, the first woman to wear a headscarf into the Turkish parliament and the triumph of British espionage that changed the course of World War One.

PHOTO: Princess Diana in Angola in 1997 (Credit: Alamy)

A royal visit boosts landmine campaigners, Turkey's headscarf pioneer and spying in WW1

"

Prohibition In India2020091220200914 (WS)How Indian women in the 1990s campaigned to stop the sale of alcohol in the state of Andhra Pradesh to protect women from domestic violence and safeguard family finances. The history of America's healthcare system, how the UN was eventually persuaded to apologise for the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti and the horror of being caught up in one of the most notorious hi-jackings of the 1970s, plus the birth of Reddit, one the world's most successful websites.

Photo A shop selling alcohol in India. Credit Getty.

How the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh banned alcohol in 1995 plus the birth of Reddit

Prozac2016020620160207 (WS)The birth of the Prozac generation, saving ancient Afghan artworks, plus a Disney classic

"The birth of the Prozac generation, the battle to save Afghanistan's ancient artworks and death and violence in the Spanish embassy in Guatemala. Plus we hear about an American political corruption scandal and the launch of the Disney classic, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.

The birth of the Prozac generation, saving ancient Afghan artworks, plus a Disney classic

"

"The birth of the Prozac generation, the battle to save Afghanistan's ancient artworks and death and violence in the Spanish embassy in Guatemala. Plus we hear about an American political corruption scandal and the launch of the Disney classic, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.

The birth of the Prozac generation, saving ancient Afghan artworks, plus a Disney classic

"

"The birth of the Prozac generation, saving ancient Afghan artworks, plus a Disney classic

The birth of the Prozac generation, the battle to save Afghanistan's ancient artworks and death and violence in the Spanish embassy in Guatemala. Plus we hear about an American political corruption scandal and the launch of the Disney classic, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.

"

Psychological Warfare2017072220170723 (WS)Spooking fighters during the Vietnam War plus the Mont Blanc Tunnel and a Nintendo legend

"Spooking fighters during the Vietnam War plus the Mont Blanc Tunnel and a Nintendo legend

Spooking fighters during the Vietnam War, building the Mont Blanc Tunnel, designing a Nintendo legend, the murder of Gianni Versace and archive voices from the 'Bonus Army' a protest movement of WW1 veterans which shook the US government in 1932.

Photo:Viet Cong guerrillas on patrol during the Vietnam War, 2nd March 1966: (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

"

Quarantined In A Tb Sanatorium2020070420200706 (WS)Extreme lockdown half a century ago: the TB children forced to endure years of isolation in a sanatorium; the unveiling of looted Nazi art works, the Rolling Stones in the dock, calls for democracy in 1990s Nepal, and the campaign to ban dangerous skin-lightening products in South Africa.

Picture: boys sleep on the balcony of the Craig-y-nos TB sanatorium in Wales (Credit: private collection of the family of Mari Friend, a former patient at Craig-y-nos)

Quarantined in a TB sanatorium; looted Nazi art works and the Rolling Stones in the dock

Reagan's Bombing Joke2017081220170813 (WS)Reagan's bombing joke, the murder of Naji al Ali, and violence in pre-partition India

", the murder of Naji al Ali, and violence in pre-partition India

Ronald Reagan's joke about bombing Russia in the 1980s, the murder of a Palestinian cartoonist in London, communal violence in India a year before partition, the man who discovered the Great Pacific Garbage patch, and Florence Nightingale, in her own words and those of people who knew her.

Photo: American president Ronald Reagan in the 1980s at his desk in the White House, Washington DC. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

Remembering Chernobyl2016043020160501 (WS)Remembering Chernobyl, Charles Darwin and the McCarthy era, plus 60s icon, the Mini

", Charles Darwin and the McCarthy era, plus 60s icon, the Mini

Chernobyl, the world's worst nuclear disaster; the funeral of Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution changed the world; plus, the impact of being accused during the McCarthy era in America, and two style icons of the Sixties, the Mini and Yves St Laurent.

Photo: a Swedish farmer wears protective clothing because of contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster (Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

"

", Charles Darwin and the McCarthy era, plus 60s icon, the Mini

Chernobyl, the world's worst nuclear disaster; the funeral of Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution changed the world; plus, the impact of being accused during the McCarthy era in America, and two style icons of the Sixties, the Mini and Yves St Laurent.

Photo: a Swedish farmer wears protective clothing because of contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster (Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

"

", Charles Darwin and the McCarthy era, plus 60s icon, the Mini

Chernobyl, the world's worst nuclear disaster; the funeral of Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution changed the world; plus, the impact of being accused during the McCarthy era in America, and two style icons of the Sixties, the Mini and Yves St Laurent.

Photo: a Swedish farmer wears protective clothing because of contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster (Credit: STF/AFP/Getty Images)

"

Remembering Martin Luther King Jr20130831"THAT speech, plus murder in Mexico, Aboriginals on strike in Australia and Krakatoa

"THAT speech, plus murder in Mexico, Aboriginals on strike in Australia and Krakatoa

"

Rescuing Migrants In The Mediterranean2019111620191119 (WS)In 2004, a German aid agency ship, Cap Anamur, was sailing to the Suez Canal, when it came across 37 Africans on a sinking rubber boat. The captain, Stefan Schmidt, rescued the men and headed for a port in Sicily to drop them off, but he and his crew were promptly arrested by the Italian authorities. Max Pearson finds out more about the incident and about the migration crisis that faced the European Union in later years.

Also this week, an eye-witness account of secret preparations by Hindu extremists to destroy the mosque in the Indian city of Ayodha in 1992; a grassroots struggle against pollution in America; and memories of the British war poet Wilfred Owen.

(Photo: the German aid agency ship Cap Anamur in 2004. Credit: Antonello NUSCA/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean; the demolition of the Ayodha mosque; Wilfred Owen

Romania's Orphan Scandal2016040920160410 (WS)Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s plus the 1977 Ogaden War and Mallory on Everest

"Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s; a Somali account of the Ogaden War, plus the 1979 execution of Pakistan's Zulfikar Bhutto; Mallory on Everest and a Japanese royal wedding.

Photo:Photo: BBC News

Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s plus the 1977 Ogaden War and Mallory on Everest

"

"Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s; a Somali account of the Ogaden War, plus the 1979 execution of Pakistan's Zulfikar Bhutto; Mallory on Everest and a Japanese royal wedding.

Photo:Photo: BBC News

Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s plus the 1977 Ogaden War and Mallory on Everest

"

"Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s plus the 1977 Ogaden War and Mallory on Everest

Life as a Romanian orphan in the 1980s; a Somali account of the Ogaden War, plus the 1979 execution of Pakistan's Zulfikar Bhutto; Mallory on Everest and a Japanese royal wedding.

Photo:Photo: BBC News

"

Roots - The Tv Series2017012120170122 (WS)Slavery on US TV, peace in El Salvador, Hrant Dink's murder; and Dungeons and Dragons.

"Slavery on US TV, peace in El Salvador, Hrant Dink's murder; and Dungeons and Dragons.

The epic mini-series about slavery in the US hit TV screens in January 1977. We hear from actor Leslie Uggams, who played the character Kizzy, recalling how "Roots" revolutionised perceptions about African-American history. Plus: when peace deal ended El Salvador's brutal civil war, the murder of prominent Turkish Armenian journalist, Hrant Dink, life in the world's largest refugee camp, and how Dungeons and Dragons came about.

(Photo: Actors LeVar Burton, Todd Bridges and Robert Reed in Roots. Credit: Alamy)

"

Roots - The Tv Series20170122"The epic mini-series about slavery in the US hit TV screens in January 1977. We hear from actor Leslie Uggams, who played the character Kizzy, recalling how ""Roots"" revolutionised perceptions about African-American history. Plus: when peace deal ended El Salvador's brutal civil war, the murder of prominent Turkish Armenian journalist, Hrant Dink, life in the world's largest refugee camp, and how Dungeons and Dragons came about.

(Photo: Actors LeVar Burton, Todd Bridges and Robert Reed in Roots. Credit: Alamy)

Slavery on US TV, peace in El Salvador, Hrant Dink's murder; and Dungeons and Dragons.

"The epic mini-series about slavery in the US hit TV screens in January 1977. We hear from actor Leslie Uggams, who played the character Kizzy, recalling how ""Roots"" revolutionised perceptions about African-American history. Plus: when peace deal ended El Salvador's brutal civil war, the murder of prominent Turkish Armenian journalist, Hrant Dink, life in the world's largest refugee camp, and how Dungeons and Dragons came about.

(Photo: Actors LeVar Burton, Todd Bridges and Robert Reed in Roots. Credit: Alamy)

Slavery on US TV, peace in El Salvador, Hrant Dink's murder; and Dungeons and Dragons.

"

Russia's Bitter Taste Of Capitalism2018040720180408 (WS)On this week's programme, the chaos and hardship which hit Russia with the rapid market reforms in early 1992, weeks after the collapse of the USSR. Plus, the landmark science fiction film, 2001 A Space Odyssey; the history of Semtex and how the Unabomber was caught.

Photo: an old woman outside McDonald's in Moscow, circa 1992. Credit: Dina Newman archive.

Chaos after Russia's 1992 market reforms; the history of Semtex; 2001 A Space Odyssey.

"Chaos after Russia's 1992 market reforms; the history of Semtex; 2001 A Space Odyssey.

On this week's programme, the chaos and hardship which hit Russia with the rapid market reforms in early 1992, weeks after the collapse of the USSR. Plus, the landmark science fiction film, 2001 A Space Odyssey; the history of Semtex and how the Unabomber was caught.

Photo: an old woman outside McDonald's in Moscow, circa 1992. Credit: Dina Newman archive.

"

"

Chaos after Russia's 1992 market reforms; the history of Semtex; 2001 A Space Odyssey.

On this week's programme, the chaos and hardship which hit Russia with the rapid market reforms in early 1992, weeks after the collapse of the USSR. Plus, the landmark science fiction film, 2001 A Space Odyssey; the history of Semtex and how the Unabomber was caught.

Photo: an old woman outside McDonald's in Moscow, circa 1992. Credit: Dina Newman archive.

"

Sanctuary Cities In The Usa2017021120170212 (WS)US safe havens for undocumented immigrants, a killer killer whale, DNA, and a Kenyan hit.

"US safe havens for undocumented immigrants, a killer killer whale, DNA, and a Kenyan hit.

This week how American cities like San Francisco became safe havens for undocumented immigrants, the story of Tilikum and first recorded killing of a human by an orca whale, discovering DNA, the ship wreck that gave locals whiskey galore and Kenya's smash hit song - that got everyone singing in Swahili.

(Photo: Supporters of Sanctuary Cities demonstrating in San Francisco, January 2017. Credit: AP)

"

Saving Antarctica2020022220200225 (WS)In October 1991, an international protocol to protect the world's last wilderness, Antarctica, from commercial exploitation was agreed at a summit in Madrid. Louise Hidalgo talks to one of the environmentalists who led a successful campaign to protect the ice continent. Also, how meditation changes the brain, the Iraqi "supergun affair", and political art in Nigeria.

Picture: Blue icebergs in Antarctica (Credit: Getty Images)

Environmentalists save the ice continent; how meditation changes the brain; Nigerian art.

Searching For Argentina's Disappeared2017042920170430 (WS)Defying Argentina's military rulers, when Syria left Lebanon and Bosnia's rape camps.

"Defying Argentina's military rulers, when Syria left Lebanon and Bosnia's rape camps.

In April 1977 a group of women in Argentina held the first ever public demonstration to demand the release of thousands of opponents of the military regime. It was the start of a long campaign by the women, who became known as the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. Also on the programme: the controversy surrounding Syria's presence in Lebanon, plus the pioneer of psychotherapy RD Laing, Bulgaria's attempts to crush Turkish language and culture, and we hear the shocking testimony of a survivor of Bosnia's notorious rape camps.

(Photo: Mirta Baravalle of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, with a black-and-white photograph of her daughter, Ana Maria)

"

Searching For Argentina's Disappeared20170501"Defying Argentina's military rulers, when Syria left Lebanon and Bosnia's rape camps."
Sex Trafficking And Peacekeepers2020062020200622 (WS)A UN sex trafficking scandal in Bosnia, the Five Stages of Grief, and Beethoven in China.

How whistle-blowers implicated UN peacekeepers and international police in the forced prostitution and trafficking of Eastern European women into Bosnia in the late 1990s.

Plus, how Swiss psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross changed the way we think about death and dying when she developed her Five Stages of Grief; Beethoven's role in China's Cultural Revolution; the "friendship train" between India and Bangladesh; and the controversial teaching exercise which segregated children by whether they had blue or brown eyes.

Picture: the United Nations Peacekeeping Force patrols the Bosnian capital Sarajevo in March 1996 (Credit: Roger Lemoyne/Liaison/Getty Images)

Shakespeare's Jubilee2016042320160424 (WS)Celebrating the bard 18th-century style; Haile Selassie in Jamaica; and flying Harriers.

"Celebrating the bard 18th-century style; Haile Selassie in Jamaica; and flying Harriers.

As England celebrates Shakespeare's 400th anniversary, we find out about the eighteenth century festivities for the bard organised by the great actor David Garrick. Plus, a Rastafarian remembers the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie's landmark visit to Jamaica and a British pilot recalls flying the Harrier jet in the Falkland Islands.

PHOTO: A portrait fo Shakespeare (Getty Images)

"

"Celebrating the bard 18th-century style; Haile Selassie in Jamaica; and flying Harriers.

As England celebrates Shakespeare's 400th anniversary, we find out about the eighteenth century festivities for the bard organised by the great actor David Garrick. Plus, a Rastafarian remembers the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie's landmark visit to Jamaica and a British pilot recalls flying the Harrier jet in the Falkland Islands.

PHOTO: A portrait fo Shakespeare (Getty Images)

"

"Celebrating the bard 18th-century style; Haile Selassie in Jamaica; and flying Harriers.

As England celebrates Shakespeare's 400th anniversary, we find out about the eighteenth century festivities for the bard organised by the great actor David Garrick. Plus, a Rastafarian remembers the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie's landmark visit to Jamaica and a British pilot recalls flying the Harrier jet in the Falkland Islands.

PHOTO: A portrait fo Shakespeare (Getty Images)

"

Shell Shock2016102920161030 (WS)The psychiatric cost of WW1; Hungary's 1956 uprising, Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang

"World War One veterans describe Shell Shock and Prof. Edgar Jones of Kings College on the psychiatric cost of war; plus Hungary's 1956 uprising, how French intelligence was rocked by the abduction of activist Mehdi Ben Barka, the history of Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang.

Photo: French troops shelter during bombardment, 1918. (General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

The psychiatric cost of WW1; Hungary's 1956 uprising, Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang

"

"World War One veterans describe Shell Shock and Prof. Edgar Jones of Kings College on the psychiatric cost of war; plus Hungary's 1956 uprising, how French intelligence was rocked by the abduction of activist Mehdi Ben Barka, the history of Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang.

Photo: French troops shelter during bombardment, 1918. (General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

The psychiatric cost of WW1; Hungary's 1956 uprising, Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang

"

"The psychiatric cost of WW1; Hungary's 1956 uprising, Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang

World War One veterans describe Shell Shock and Prof. Edgar Jones of Kings College on the psychiatric cost of war; plus Hungary's 1956 uprising, how French intelligence was rocked by the abduction of activist Mehdi Ben Barka, the history of Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang.
Photo: French troops shelter during bombardment, 1918. (General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

"

"The psychiatric cost of WW1; Hungary's 1956 uprising, Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang

World War One veterans describe Shell Shock and Prof. Edgar Jones of Kings College on the psychiatric cost of war; plus Hungary's 1956 uprising, how French intelligence was rocked by the abduction of activist Mehdi Ben Barka, the history of Marvel Comics and London's Big Bang.
Photo: French troops shelter during bombardment, 1918. (General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

"

Siege Of The Church Of The Nativity2015051620150517 (WS)"In May 2002 gunmen and civilians, were holed up in one of Christianity's most holy sites.

In May 2002 a group of Palestinian gunmen, civilians and nuns and monks, were holed up inside one of Christianity's most holy sites, plus the Andijan massacre ten years on, India's one billionth citizen, Africa's Kariba dam and Kermit the Frog turns sixty.

(Photo: An Israeli soldier during the siege, courtesy of Getty Images)

(Photo: An Israeli soldier during the siege, courtesy of Getty Images)"

"In May 2002 gunmen and civilians, were holed up in one of Christianity's most holy sites.

In May 2002 a group of Palestinian gunmen, civilians and nuns and monks, were holed up inside one of Christianity's most holy sites, plus the Andijan massacre ten years on, India's one billionth citizen, Africa's Kariba dam and Kermit the Frog turns sixty.

(Photo: An Israeli soldier during the siege, courtesy of Getty Images)

"

Smiling Buddha: India's First Nuclear Test2018071420180715 (WS)The scientist at the forefront of India's first successful nuclear test in 1974, plus how an undersea mission finally found the remains of nearly 300 migrants drowned off Italy in the 1990s; also, Der Spiegel journalists under threat in Germany, and remembering two great artists - Nigeria's Chinua Achebe and Robert Mapplethorpe.

Photo: A crater marks the site of the first Indian underground nuclear test conducted 18 May 1974 at Pokhran in the desert state of Rajasthan. (PUNJAB PHOTO/AFP/Getty Images)

India on the nuclear world stage, the Spiegel Affair and the refugee "Phantom Shipwreck.

"India on the nuclear world stage, the Spiegel Affair and the refugee ""Phantom Shipwreck.""

The scientist at the forefront of India's first successful nuclear test in 1974, plus how an undersea mission finally found the remains of nearly 300 migrants drowned off Italy in the 1990s; also, Der Spiegel journalists under threat in Germany, and remembering two great artists - Nigeria's Chinua Achebe and Robert Mapplethorpe.

Photo: A crater marks the site of the first Indian underground nuclear test conducted 18 May 1974 at Pokhran in the desert state of Rajasthan. (PUNJAB PHOTO/AFP/Getty Images)

Photo: A crater marks the site of the first Indian underground nuclear test conducted 18 May 1974 at Pokhran in the desert state of Rajasthan. (PUNJAB PHOTO/AFP/Getty Images)"

Somalia's Rural Literacy Campaign2015011720150118 (WS)"Teaching nomads in Somalia, the WWII Raoul Wallenberg mystery, and Agatha Christie dies

"

"Teaching nomads in Somalia, the WWII Raoul Wallenberg mystery, and Agatha Christie dies

"

South Korea's 1980s Prison Camps2020071820200720 (WS)The horrors of South Korea's so-called Social Purification project, the vanished Chinese sailors who left their mark on Liverpool after the Second World War and the return of a huge ancient monument to Ethiopia from Italy. Also fighting for the rights of Jewish women at the Western Wall in Jerusalem plus the origins of the holiday camp, Club Med.

Photo: Seung-woo Choi talking to reporters. Credit BBC.

The horrors of a so-called Social Purification project and the birth of Club Med

Space Crash2016062520160626 (WS)A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American in the USSR, and the Bobbit case.

"A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American living in the USSR against his will, saving the penguins in South Africa, the biggest car bomb blast in Saudi Arabia, and America's most publicised case of genital mutilation.

Photo: Mir Space Station. Credit: Getty Images.

A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American in the USSR, and the Bobbit case.

"

"A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American living in the USSR against his will, saving the penguins in South Africa, the biggest car bomb blast in Saudi Arabia, and America's most publicised case of genital mutilation.

Photo: Mir Space Station. Credit: Getty Images.

A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American in the USSR, and the Bobbit case.

"

"A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American in the USSR, and the Bobbit case.

A crash on the Mir space station, an African-American living in the USSR against his will, saving the penguins in South Africa, the biggest car bomb blast in Saudi Arabia, and America's most publicised case of genital mutilation.

Photo: Mir Space Station. Credit: Getty Images.

"

Special Operations Executive20130907"How the British trained spies in WWII, plus Jack the Ripper and war in Eritrea.

How the British trained spies in World War II, Jack the Ripper, Eritrea's war of independence, a composer on board an ill-fated Royal Navy ship, and a journey of exodus from Laos. Listen to first hand accounts from people who lived through historic times.

"

"How the British trained spies in WWII, plus Jack the Ripper and war in Eritrea.

How the British trained spies in World War II, Jack the Ripper, Eritrea's war of independence, a composer on board an ill-fated Royal Navy ship, and a journey of exodus from Laos. Listen to first hand accounts from people who lived through historic times.

"

"How the British trained spies in WWII, plus Jack the Ripper and war in Eritrea.

How the British trained spies in World War II, Jack the Ripper, Eritrea's war of independence, a composer on board an ill-fated Royal Navy ship, and a journey of exodus from Laos. Listen to first hand accounts from people who lived through historic times.

"

Spying For The Stasi20131026"Poet turned spy in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine, the US barracks bombing in Beirut, the saga of Sydney Opera House and the opening of the first BBC bureau in Moscow.

Betrayal in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine and Sydney Opera House opens."

"Betrayal in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine and Sydney Opera House opens.

Poet turned spy in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine, the US barracks bombing in Beirut, the saga of Sydney Opera House and the opening of the first BBC bureau in Moscow.

"

"Betrayal in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine and Sydney Opera House opens.

Poet turned spy in East Berlin, Burundi's civil war heroine, the US barracks bombing in Beirut, the saga of Sydney Opera House and the opening of the first BBC bureau in Moscow."

Sri Lanka Killings2015102420151025 (WS)"The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, the shrinking Aral sea and Iceland's women strike.

The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, how the West learned about the shrinking of the Aral sea, plus Iceland's women strike. Also, a communist massacre uncovered in the Vietnan and the Yiddish play which shocked the Jewish world in the early 1900s.

"

"The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, the shrinking Aral sea and Iceland's women strike.

The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, how the West learned about the shrinking of the Aral sea, plus Iceland's women strike. Also, a communist massacre uncovered in the Vietnan and the Yiddish play which shocked the Jewish world in the early 1900s.

"

"The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, the shrinking Aral sea and Iceland's women strike.

The horrors of civil war in Sri Lanka, how the West learned about the shrinking of the Aral sea, plus Iceland's women strike. Also, a communist massacre uncovered in the Vietnan and the Yiddish play which shocked the Jewish world in the early 1900s.

"

Stalin's Mass Deportations2014030120140302 (WS)"The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people within the USSR, plus political comedy in the UK, the downfall of Haiti's Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the impact of the tape recorder on Soviet Russia, and Hugo Chavez's first bid for power.

The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people in the USSR, plus political comedy

"

"The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people within the USSR, plus political comedy in the UK, the downfall of Haiti's Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the impact of the tape recorder on Soviet Russia, and Hugo Chavez's first bid for power.

The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people in the USSR, plus political comedy

"

"The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people in the USSR, plus political comedy

The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people within the USSR, plus political comedy in the UK, the downfall of Haiti's Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the impact of the tape recorder on Soviet Russia, and Hugo Chavez's first bid for power.

"

"The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people in the USSR, plus political comedy

The forced exile of hundreds of thousands of people within the USSR, plus political comedy in the UK, the downfall of Haiti's Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the impact of the tape recorder on Soviet Russia, and Hugo Chavez's first bid for power.

"

Stockholm Syndrome2016082720160828 (WS)We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome.

"We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome.

We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome, during a Swedish bank robbery. Plus Britain's early campaign for AIDS awareness; an audacious military operation in the campaign for Helmand province; the Dance Theatre of Harlem; and the night salsa took New York by storm.

(Photo: The hostages photographed as the police opened the bank vault door. Kristin Enmark is in the middle. (Credit: AFP/ EGAN-Polisen)

"

"We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome.

We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome, during a Swedish bank robbery. Plus Britain's early campaign for AIDS awareness; an audacious military operation in the campaign for Helmand province; the Dance Theatre of Harlem; and the night salsa took New York by storm.

(Photo: The hostages photographed as the police opened the bank vault door. Kristin Enmark is in the middle. (Credit: AFP/ EGAN-Polisen)

"

"We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome.

We hear from one of the hostages in the first documented case of Stockholm Syndrome, during a Swedish bank robbery. Plus Britain's early campaign for AIDS awareness; an audacious military operation in the campaign for Helmand province; the Dance Theatre of Harlem; and the night salsa took New York by storm.

(Photo: The hostages photographed as the police opened the bank vault door. Kristin Enmark is in the middle. (Credit: AFP/ EGAN-Polisen)

"

Stopping The 'shoe Bomber'2018122220181225 (WS)Passenger Kwame James recalls how he helped overcome the British-born Richard Reid on American Airlines flight 63. Reid had hidden explosives in his shoe which failed to go off. Plus, the US apology for the internment of thousands of Japanese Americans in WW2, the first computer password, the woman who wrote Mary Poppins and a British theatrical group tours the Sahara.

Photo: One of the shoes worn by Richard Reid on the American Airlines flight to Miami (ABC/Getty Images)

A passenger helps overcome Richard Reid, plus US apology for Japanese American internment

A passenger helps overcome Richard Reid, plus US apology for Japanese American internment

Stories Of Resistance And Protest From Around The World2020091920200921 (WS)Max Pearson brings you a roundup of this week's Witness History stories of resistance from the last 70 years. From the early days of opposition to President Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus, through the Mau Mau uprising in Kenya, a photographer's memories of the 1989 demonstrations in China, an iconic civil rights story from the USA, to Argentina and the women who are still demonstrating in the hope of discovering what became of their children under military rule.

Photo: a lone protestor, who became known as Tank Man, in Tiananmen Square in China in June 1989. Credit: Stuart Franklin/Magnum.

Different protest stories from China, Belarus, Kenya, USA and Argentina

Storming The Stasi Hq2020011820200121 (WS)The fall of East Germany's secret police; racism, injustice and a child execution in the US, plus the killing of Osama Bin Laden; the woman who negotiated peace in the Philippines, and the man who saved British aristocrats' country houses.

Photo Photo:East Germans streaming into the secret police headquarters in Berlin on the night of January 15th 1990. Credit: Zöllner/ullstein bild/Getty Images.

East Germany's secret police; killing Osama Bin Laden; saving aristocrats' houses

Strikers In Saris2019011920190122 (WS)How South Asian women led thousands of UK workers in an industrial dispute in the late 1970s, plus Dr Crippen's alleged gruesome crime, Judy Garland's emotional last performances, the 'miracle waters' in Mexico and excitement over a whale in London's River Thames.

(PHOTO: Jayaben Desai, leader of the Grunwick strike committee holding placard 1977 Credit: Getty images)

How South Asian women led a UK industrial dispute, plus Dr Crippen and Judy Garland.

How South Asian women led a UK industrial dispute, plus Dr Crippen and Judy Garland.

"

How South Asian women led thousands of UK workers in an industrial dispute in the late 1970s, plus Dr Crippen's alleged gruesome crime, Judy Garland's emotional last performances, the 'miracle waters' in Mexico and excitement over a whale in London's River Thames.

(PHOTO: Jayaben Desai, leader of the Grunwick strike committee holding placard 1977 Credit: Getty images)

How South Asian women led a UK industrial dispute, plus Dr Crippen and Judy Garland.

"

"

How South Asian women led thousands of UK workers in an industrial dispute in the late 1970s, plus Dr Crippen's alleged gruesome crime, Judy Garland's emotional last performances, the 'miracle waters' in Mexico and excitement over a whale in London's River Thames.

(PHOTO: Jayaben Desai, leader of the Grunwick strike committee holding placard 1977 Credit: Getty images)

How South Asian women led a UK industrial dispute, plus Dr Crippen and Judy Garland.

"

Students Set On Fire20130706"The students set on fire in Chile; the Battle of Gettysburg; and penguins in an oil spill.

In 1986, two students are deliberately set on fire by soldiers at a protest in Chile. Some listeners may find this account disturbing.

Also this week, the Battle of Gettysburg, Arafat returns to Gaza, Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, and thousands of penguins are rescued from an oil spill in South Africa.

Photos credit: Fondo Diario La Nación & Archivo Museo de la memoria, Chile.

"The students set on fire in Chile; the Battle of Gettysburg; and penguins in an oil spill.

In 1986, two students are deliberately set on fire by soldiers at a protest in Chile. Some listeners may find this account disturbing.

Also this week, the Battle of Gettysburg, Arafat returns to Gaza, Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, and thousands of penguins are rescued from an oil spill in South Africa.

Photos credit: Fondo Diario La Nación & Archivo Museo de la memoria, Chile.

"

Surviving Auschwitz2014090620140907 (WS)"A survivor remembers Auschwitz; publishing Dr Zhivago; Swinging London's favourite shop.

Auschwitz survivor Kitty Hart Moxon talks about her memories of the Nazi death camp. Also on the show, violent consequences as the Ahmadiya sect in Pakistan are declared non-Muslim, currency reform causes chaos in Myanmar, and the publication of Dr Zhivago. Plus a visit to Biba, Swinging London's favourite shop.

Photo: Family at the railway terminal of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, probably taken May-June 1944 (AFP/Getty Images)

"

"A survivor remembers Auschwitz; publishing Dr Zhivago; Swinging London's favourite shop.

Auschwitz survivor Kitty Hart Moxon talks about her memories of the Nazi death camp. Also on the show, violent consequences as the Ahmadiya sect in Pakistan are declared non-Muslim, currency reform causes chaos in Myanmar, and the publication of Dr Zhivago. Plus a visit to Biba, Swinging London's favourite shop.

Photo: Family at the railway terminal of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, probably taken May-June 1944 (AFP/Getty Images)

"

Surviving Cambodia's 'killing Fields'2019070620190708 (WS)Life under the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, the Germans kidnapped by the Contras in Nicaragua in the 80s, plus how Aboriginal women took on the Australian government against nuclear waste, Anita Hill's stand against the promotion of Judge Clarence Thomas to the US Supreme Court and the birth of the Sony Walkman.

(PHOTO: CHOEUNG EK, CAMBODIA - 1993/02/01: Skulls are piled up at a monument situated outside Phnom Penh to serve as a constant reminder of the genocide under the Khmer Rouge during the Pol Pot years.. (Photo by Peter Charlesworth/LightRocket via Getty Images)

Life under the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, kidnapped by the Contras and the first Walkman.

Life under the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, kidnapped by the Contras and the first Walkman.

Surviving Pearl Harbor2015120520151206 (WS)"Witness recalls Japan's raid, Nigeria's War Against Indiscipline, First heart transplant

An eyewitness account of the Japanese attack, Nigeria's ""War Against Indiscipline"", surgeon recalls world's first heart transplant, Cubans fighting in 1980s Angola, and a secret mustard gas disaster in Bari in WW2.

(Photo: The USS Arizona sinking at Pearl Harbor. Credit: Getty Images)

"

"Witness recalls Japan's raid, Nigeria's War Against Indiscipline, First heart transplant

An eyewitness account of the Japanese attack, Nigeria's ""War Against Indiscipline"", surgeon recalls world's first heart transplant, Cubans fighting in 1980s Angola, and a secret mustard gas disaster in Bari in WW2.

(Photo: The USS Arizona sinking at Pearl Harbor. Credit: Getty Images)

"

"Witness recalls Japan's raid, Nigeria's War Against Indiscipline, First heart transplant

An eyewitness account of the Japanese attack, Nigeria's ""War Against Indiscipline"", surgeon recalls world's first heart transplant, Cubans fighting in 1980s Angola, and a secret mustard gas disaster in Bari in WW2.

(Photo: The USS Arizona sinking at Pearl Harbor. Credit: Getty Images)

"

Surviving Ravensbruck2015112820151129 (WS)"This week, we hear the remarkable memories of a former member of the Dutch resistance who survived the Nazi's women-only concentration camp at Ravensbruck. Plus, a mysterious plane hijack in Cuba, making ends meet during the ""Special Period"" in Cuba and how English nightclubs became a battleground in the fight against racism.

PHOTO: Women at Ravensbruck concentration camp (Credit: Das Bundesarchiv)

Recalling a women-only concentration camp, a mystery US hijack and tough times in Cuba.

"

"This week, we hear the remarkable memories of a former member of the Dutch resistance who survived the Nazi's women-only concentration camp at Ravensbruck. Plus, a mysterious plane hijack in Cuba, making ends meet during the ""Special Period"" in Cuba and how English nightclubs became a battleground in the fight against racism.

PHOTO: Women at Ravensbruck concentration camp (Credit: Das Bundesarchiv)

Recalling a women-only concentration camp, a mystery US hijack and tough times in Cuba.

"

"Recalling a women-only concentration camp, a mystery US hijack and tough times in Cuba.

This week, we hear the remarkable memories of a former member of the Dutch resistance who survived the Nazi's women-only concentration camp at Ravensbruck. Plus, a mysterious plane hijack in Cuba, making ends meet during the "Special Period" in Cuba and how English nightclubs became a battleground in the fight against racism.

PHOTO: Women at Ravensbruck concentration camp (Credit: Das Bundesarchiv)

This week, we hear the remarkable memories of a former member of the Dutch resistance who survived the Nazi's women-only concentration camp at Ravensbruck. Plus, a mysterious plane hijack in Cuba, making ends meet during the ""Special Period"" in Cuba and how English nightclubs became a battleground in the fight against racism.

"

Surviving The ""auschwitz Of The Balkans2017080520170806 (WS)"Persecution of Serbs during WW2; the fate Falun Gong in China; Camp David negotiations.

During World War Two, Croatian fascists tortured and killed tens of thousands of Serbs, Jews and Roma people in the Jasenovac concentration camp. We hear from a survivor. Also, the fate of Falun Gong in China, from a point of view of a practitioner. Plus, the failure of Camp David negotiations, the French doctor who pioneered water births, and the life and death of the legendary Eva Peron.

Photo: A Serb survivor of WW2 persecutions, Melenko Cekic, talking to the BBC in 2017; copyright: BBC.

"

Surviving The ""auschwitz Of The Balkans""20170805
Surviving The ""death Railway""2018090120180902 (WS)A former prisoner of the Japanese in WW2; Hitler's girl guides and the Lake Nyos disaster
Surviving The "auschwitz Of The Balkans"2017080520170806 (WS)Persecution of Serbs during WW2; the fate Falun Gong in China; Camp David negotiations.
Surviving The "death Railway"2018090120180902 (WS)A former prisoner of the Japanese in WW2; Hitler's girl guides and the Lake Nyos disaster
Tamil Doctors And The Sri Lankan Civil War2015071120150712 (WS)The violent end of Sri Lanka's civil war; a KGB spy escapes; Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Tanzania's Ujamaa2016060420160605 (WS)Socialism in Tanzania, assassination in the Caribbean, the Concordski crash and Date Rape

"Socialism in Tanzania, the man who assassinated the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, the crash of the Soviet supersonic jet Concordski, 20 years to build a road and Date Rape

(Photo: Tanzanian women cultivating the soil. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Socialism in Tanzania, assassination in the Caribbean, the Concordski crash and Date Rape

"

"Socialism in Tanzania, the man who assassinated the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, the crash of the Soviet supersonic jet Concordski, 20 years to build a road and Date Rape

(Photo: Tanzanian women cultivating the soil. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Socialism in Tanzania, assassination in the Caribbean, the Concordski crash and Date Rape

"

"Socialism in Tanzania, assassination in the Caribbean, the Concordski crash and Date Rape

Socialism in Tanzania, the man who assassinated the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, the crash of the Soviet supersonic jet Concordski, 20 years to build a road and Date Rape

(Photo: Tanzanian women cultivating the soil. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

Terror In Iran2014051020140511 (WS)"Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, the great African-American singer Paul Robeson, an elected President in Crimea, early CGI filmmakin, and the day that Abba won Eurovision.

Photo: Habib Elghanian, Jewish Iranian businessman, executed in May 1979 in Iran. Image courtesy of the Elghanian family.

Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, Paul Robeson, a President of Crimea and Abba

"

"Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, the great African-American singer Paul Robeson, an elected President in Crimea, early CGI filmmakin, and the day that Abba won Eurovision.

Photo: Habib Elghanian, Jewish Iranian businessman, executed in May 1979 in Iran. Image courtesy of the Elghanian family.

Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, Paul Robeson, a President of Crimea and Abba

"

"Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, the great African-American singer Paul Robeson, an elected President in Crimea, early CGI filmmakin, and the day that Abba won Eurovision.

Photo: Habib Elghanian, Jewish Iranian businessman, executed in May 1979 in Iran. Image courtesy of the Elghanian family.

Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, Paul Robeson, a President of Crimea and Abba

"

"Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, Paul Robeson, a President of Crimea and Abba

Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, the great African-American singer Paul Robeson, an elected President in Crimea, early CGI filmmakin, and the day that Abba won Eurovision.

Photo: Habib Elghanian, Jewish Iranian businessman, executed in May 1979 in Iran. Image courtesy of the Elghanian family.

"

"Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, Paul Robeson, a President of Crimea and Abba

Revolutionary courts and executions in Iran, the great African-American singer Paul Robeson, an elected President in Crimea, early CGI filmmakin, and the day that Abba won Eurovision.

Photo: Habib Elghanian, Jewish Iranian businessman, executed in May 1979 in Iran. Image courtesy of the Elghanian family.

"

The 1918 'spanish' Flu Pandemic2020031420200317 (WS)A special edition looking at how the world has battled deadly viruses over the past 100 years, We have eyewitness accounts of the 1918 flu, and the recent struggle against SARS, we hear how a vaccine saved millions from Polio, and the moment the world discovered the killer viruses known as Marburg Fever and Ebola in the 1960s and 70s.

(Photo: An American policeman wearing a mask to protect himself from the outbreak of Spanish flu. Credit:Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Eyewitnesses accounts of battling deadly viruses from the 1918 flu, to Ebola and SARS.

The 1943 Bengal Famine2015040420150405 (WS)"Millions die of famine in British-ruled India, US Marshall Plan and Ireland bans smoking

"

"Millions die of famine in British-ruled India, US Marshall Plan and Ireland bans smoking

"

The 1948 French Miners' Strike2016112620161127 (WS)How coal miners in post-war France went from being seen as heroes, to pariahs.

"How coal miners in post-war France went from being seen as heroes, to pariahs.

This week, the French Miners' strike of 1948, 50 years since the launch of the Cabaret musical, the Silk Letters Movement of British India, the plane-spotters jailed for spying and how to save baby elephants!

(Photo: French President Francois Hollande welcomes former striker Norbert Gilmez during a ceremony at the Elysee Palace in Paris. September 2016. Credit:Reuters.)

"

The 1948 French Miners' Strike20161127"This week, the French Miners' strike of 1948, 50 years since the launch of the Cabaret musical, the Silk Letters Movement of British India, the plane-spotters jailed for spying and how to save baby elephants!

(Photo: French President Francois Hollande welcomes former striker Norbert Gilmez during a ceremony at the Elysee Palace in Paris. September 2016. Credit:Reuters.)

How coal miners in post-war France went from being seen as heroes, to pariahs.

"This week, the French Miners' strike of 1948, 50 years since the launch of the Cabaret musical, the Silk Letters Movement of British India, the plane-spotters jailed for spying and how to save baby elephants!

(Photo: French President Francois Hollande welcomes former striker Norbert Gilmez during a ceremony at the Elysee Palace in Paris. September 2016. Credit:Reuters.)

How coal miners in post-war France went from being seen as heroes, to pariahs.

"

The 1957 Flu Pandemic2020050220200504 (WS)A million die in 1957 flu, conflict in the Galapagos islands and trees in Hiroshima.

A new strain of flu emerged in East Asia in 1957 and spread all over the world. Known at the time as “Asian flu”, it killed more than a million people. We hear from a woman who survived the virus and speak to Mark Honigsbaum, author of The Pandemic Century: One Hundred Years of Panic, Hysteria and Hubris. Plus, Indonesia's transgender rights movement, the assassination of the UN's first Middle East mediator, conflict in the Galapagos Islands, and the trees that survived the atomic bomb in Hiroshima.

Photo: Americans worried about "Asian flu" wait their turns at Central Harlem District Health clinic in October 1957. Credit: Getty Images

The 1960 Coup Against Haile Selassie2015121920151220 (WS)"In December 1960, while the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie, was out of the country, his Imperial Bodyguard took over the capital Addis Ababa and proclaimed his son the new emperor. We speak to Dr Asfa-Wossen Asserate, the grand nephew of Haile Selassie, about the coup. Dr Asfa-Wossen is the author of King of Kings, a new history of Haile Selassie's rule. Photo: Emperor Haile Selassie in the Royal Palace in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, circa 1960. (Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

How Ethiopia's Emperor was almost overthrown in a bloody coup

"

"In December 1960, while the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie, was out of the country, his Imperial Bodyguard took over the capital Addis Ababa and proclaimed his son the new emperor. We speak to Dr Asfa-Wossen Asserate, the grand nephew of Haile Selassie, about the coup. Dr Asfa-Wossen is the author of King of Kings, a new history of Haile Selassie's rule. Photo: Emperor Haile Selassie in the Royal Palace in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, circa 1960. (Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

How Ethiopia's Emperor was almost overthrown in a bloody coup

"

"How Ethiopia's Emperor was almost overthrown in a bloody coup

In December 1960, while the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie, was out of the country, his Imperial Bodyguard took over the capital Addis Ababa and proclaimed his son the new emperor. We speak to Dr Asfa-Wossen Asserate, the grand nephew of Haile Selassie, about the coup. Dr Asfa-Wossen is the author of King of Kings, a new history of Haile Selassie's rule. Photo: Emperor Haile Selassie in the Royal Palace in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, circa 1960. (Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The 1960s Report That Warned The Usa Was Racist2020071120200713 (WS)A US government report carried out by the Kerner Commission found that racial inequality was responsible for riots in 1967. Also, discovering the real cause of cholera, Montreal's 'night of terror', an unlawful death in custody and the life and tragic last days of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo.

Photo: Members of the Kerner Commission giving final approval to the Kerner report on 28th February 1968. Credit: Bettman/Getty

A government report into the riots of 1967 warned that white racism was dividing America

The 1968 Belgrade Student Revolt2018060920180610 (WS)The 1968 student revolt in Communist Yugoslavia, an assassination attempt that sparked Lebanon's war, Adolf Eichmann's execution, plus the sudden death of Nigeria's strong man in less than clear circumstances and 'from couch to 5k' that inspired a global running craze.

(Photo: Sonja Licht with her fellow protester and later her husband, Milan Nikolic, at the site of the protests. Credit: Licht-Nikolic family archive)

The 1968 student protest in Communist Yugoslavia and the running craze 'from couch to 5k'

"The 1968 student protest in Communist Yugoslavia and the running craze 'from couch to 5k'

The 1968 student revolt in Communist Yugoslavia, an assassination attempt that sparked Lebanon's war, Adolf Eichmann's execution, plus the sudden death of Nigeria's strong man in less than clear circumstances and 'from couch to 5k' that inspired a global running craze.

(Photo: Sonja Licht with her fellow protester and later her husband, Milan Nikolic, at the site of the protests. Credit: Licht-Nikolic family archive)

"

The 43 Group: Battling British Fascists2017102120171022 (WS)Veterans fight fascism in 1940s Britain; The death of Samora Machel, Moscow theatre siege

"Veterans fight fascism in 1940s Britain; The death of Samora Machel, Moscow theatre siege

How Jewish veterans fought fascism in post war Britain; plus investigating the death of Mozambique's president Samora Machel, we hear from a survivor of the Moscow theatre siege, inside the Cuba Missile Crisis and the mystery of Booker prize winner JG Farrell.
Photo:British Fascist Sir Oswald Mosley speaking at a rally, Hertford Road, Dalston, London, May 1st 1948. (Getty Images)

"

The Aboriginal Tent Embassy2017012820170129 (WS)Indigenous rights in Australia, the invention of the microwave, and Desert Island Discs.

"Indigenous rights in Australia, the invention of the microwave, and Desert Island Discs.

On 26 January 1972 four Aboriginal men began a protest outside Parliament House in Canberra, Australia. They erected a beach umbrella on the grass and called it an 'embassy'.

Plus, the murder of five lawyers in Madrid in 1977, which became a turning point in Spain's return to democracy; the invention of the microwave oven; Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory; and 75 years of the BBC's longest-running programme, Desert Island Discs.

"

The Aids Memorial Quilt - A Patchwork Of Loss2020032820200330 (WS)How an LGBTQ+ activist decided to commemorate lost friends with a quilt.
The Al Yamamah Arms Deals2019042720190429 (WS)The huge but controversial Anglo-Saudi deal, the Sri Lankan journalist who predicted his own murder, plus remembering South Africa's historic election 25 years ago, the day NATO bombed Serbian TV, and the origin of modern Veganism.
Photo: Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and King Fahd in London in 1987. Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images.

The controversial Anglo-Saudi deal, South Africa's historic election, the first "Vegan

The controversial Anglo-Saudi deal, South Africa's historic election, the first "Vegan"

The Amman Bombings2015111420151115 (WS)Suicide bombings in Amman; a massacre in East Timor; and the fall of the Taliban

Suicide bombings in Amman; a massacre in East Timor that was a turning point on the road to independence; the fall of the Taliban; anti-Sikh riots in India; and the BBC's first wildlife broadcaster

Suicide bombings in Amman; a massacre in East Timor; and the fall of the Taliban

Suicide bombings in Amman; a massacre in East Timor that was a turning point on the road to independence; the fall of the Taliban; anti-Sikh riots in India; and the BBC's first wildlife broadcaster

The Amritsar Massacre Of 19192016041620160417 (WS)In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds.

"In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds.

In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds and fueling calls for independence, plus the declaration of the Spanish Republic in 1931, and the high street coffee revolution which all started in Seattle with Starbucks 45 years ago.

(Photo: A young visitor looks at a painting depicting the Amritsar Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, 2010. Credit: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds.

In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds and fueling calls for independence, plus the declaration of the Spanish Republic in 1931, and the high street coffee revolution which all started in Seattle with Starbucks 45 years ago.

(Photo: A young visitor looks at a painting depicting the Amritsar Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, 2010. Credit: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images)

"

"In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds.

In April 1919, the British Indian Army fired on an unarmed crowd - killing hundreds and fueling calls for independence, plus the declaration of the Spanish Republic in 1931, and the high street coffee revolution which all started in Seattle with Starbucks 45 years ago.

(Photo: A young visitor looks at a painting depicting the Amritsar Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, 2010. Credit: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Anti-nuclear Protesters Who Won2019080320190805 (WS)The eight year protest campaign which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant at Wackersdorf in Germany, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and from more than a decade later, the death of British weapons expert David Kelly, who got caught up in the aftermath of the invasion of Iraq. Also, the Warsaw uprising of 1944 and from one of the most significant discoveries of Anglo-Saxon treasure in 1939.

Picture: demonstrators fight against police during a protest at the Wackersdorf construction site (Istvan Bajzat/DPA/PA Images)

The protest which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant in Germany.

Picture: demonstrators fight against police during a protest at the Wackersdorf construction site (Istvan Bajzat/DPA/PA Images)

The Arab Spring Of 20112021013020210202 (WS)In the early months of 2011 a wave of social unrest swept across the Arab world as people protested against repressive and authoritarian regimes, economic stagnation, unemployment and corruption. It began with reaction to the self-immolation of a young market trader in Tunisia, but soon became an outpouring of resentment after generations of fear. On The History Hour, Professor Khaled Fahmy of Cambridge University, helps us unravel the roots of the uprisings, describes what it was like to be there, and looks at why things haven't turned out as the protesters had wanted.

Photo: Libyan anti-Gaddafi protesters wave their old national flag as they stand atop an abandoned army tank in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi on February 28, 2011.(Credit PATRICK BAZ/AFP via Getty Images)

Eyewitness accounts of the sweeping social unrest against repressive regimes

The Arnhem Parachute Drop2018092220180923 (WS)Operation Market Garden - the failed attempt to end the war against Hitler; plus, a deadly nuclear accident in Brazil, the film of the Battle of Algiers, the last regular steam train to run in Britain and one of the Cuban Five jailed in America for spying for Fidel Castro.

(Photo: Allied planes and parachutists over Arnhem, Getty Images)

Operation Market Garden, Brazil's nuclear accident, the Battle of Algiers and Cuban spies

"Operation Market Garden, Brazil's nuclear accident, the Battle of Algiers and Cuban spies

Operation Market Garden - the failed attempt to end the war against Hitler; plus, a deadly nuclear accident in Brazil, the film of the Battle of Algiers, the last regular steam train to run in Britain and one of the Cuban Five jailed in America for spying for Fidel Castro.

(Photo: Allied planes and parachutists over Arnhem, Getty Images)

"

The Ascent Of Everest20130601"The first men on Everest's summit; Riotous ballet; The New Deal, the Queen's coronation

"The first men on Everest's summit; Riotous ballet; The New Deal, the Queen's coronation

"

The Assassination Of Anwar Sadat2015101020151011 (WS)"The murder of Egypt's president, a devastating earthquake in Pakistan and Barbary pirates

President Anwar Sadat's widow remembers the day he was assassinated. Plus the 2005 Pakistan earthquake, the boy kidnapped by pirates and enslaved for 23 years, Britain's Moors Murders and remembering Austria's wine scandal.

(Photo: President Anwar Sadat (right) and his then deputy, Hosni Mubarak, at the military parade where moments later Sadat was gunned down by four army officers. (Credit: AFP)

"

"The murder of Egypt's president, a devastating earthquake in Pakistan and Barbary pirates

President Anwar Sadat's widow remembers the day he was assassinated. Plus the 2005 Pakistan earthquake, the boy kidnapped by pirates and enslaved for 23 years, Britain's Moors Murders and remembering Austria's wine scandal.

(Photo: President Anwar Sadat (right) and his then deputy, Hosni Mubarak, at the military parade where moments later Sadat was gunned down by four army officers. (Credit: AFP)

"

"The murder of Egypt's president, a devastating earthquake in Pakistan and Barbary pirates

President Anwar Sadat's widow remembers the day he was assassinated. Plus the 2005 Pakistan earthquake, the boy kidnapped by pirates and enslaved for 23 years, Britain's Moors Murders and remembering Austria's wine scandal.

(Photo: President Anwar Sadat (right) and his then deputy, Hosni Mubarak, at the military parade where moments later Sadat was gunned down by four army officers. (Credit: AFP)

"

The Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferdinand2014062820140629 (WS)"The murder that sparked WW1, a hijacking in 1950s Burma, early computer dating

"

"The murder that sparked WW1, a hijacking in 1950s Burma, early computer dating

"

The Assassination Of Benigno Aquino20130824Murder on the runway in the Philippines; solving the mystery of Legionnaires' disease; the crushing of the Prague Spring; the little boy held as a human shield in Iraq; and the Painted Faces overthrow the government in Brazil.

Photo: Benigno Aquino on the plane home (courtesy of K. Kashiwahara)

Murder in the Philippines; the crushing of the Prague Spring; and human shields in Iraq.

Murder in the Philippines; the crushing of the Prague Spring; and human shields in Iraq.

Murder on the runway in the Philippines; solving the mystery of Legionnaires' disease; the crushing of the Prague Spring; the little boy held as a human shield in Iraq; and the Painted Faces overthrow the government in Brazil.

Photo: Benigno Aquino on the plane home (courtesy of K. Kashiwahara)

Murder in the Philippines; the crushing of the Prague Spring; and human shields in Iraq.

Murder on the runway in the Philippines; solving the mystery of Legionnaires' disease; the crushing of the Prague Spring; the little boy held as a human shield in Iraq; and the Painted Faces overthrow the government in Brazil.

Photo: Benigno Aquino on the plane home (courtesy of K. Kashiwahara)

The Assassination Of Leon Trotsky2015082220150823 (WS)"The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs, plus a bizarre mass poisoning in Oregon, the Dieppe Raid, and why the Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh was arrested for spying.

(Photo: Esteban Volkov with his grandparents, Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova. Credit: Trotsky Museum, Mexico City)

The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs and mass poisoning in Oregon

"

"The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs, plus a bizarre mass poisoning in Oregon, the Dieppe Raid, and why the Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh was arrested for spying.

(Photo: Esteban Volkov with his grandparents, Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova. Credit: Trotsky Museum, Mexico City)

The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs and mass poisoning in Oregon

"

"The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs and mass poisoning in Oregon

The murder of a Russian revolutionary, the Tolpuddle Martyrs, plus a bizarre mass poisoning in Oregon, the Dieppe Raid, and why the Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh was arrested for spying.
(Photo: Esteban Volkov with his grandparents, Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova. Credit: Trotsky Museum, Mexico City)

"

The Assassination Of Medgar Evers2019062220190624 (WS)An African-American civil rights hero, a Chinese online star, the tragic icon of Iran's reform movement and archive recordings of the psychoanalyst CG Jung. Plus the great violinist Yehudi Menuhin's love of yoga.

Photo:Roy Wilkins and Medgar Evers Being Arrested on 1st June 1963 in Jackson, Mississippi. Credit: Getty Images

An American civil rights hero, a Chinese online star and the psychoanalyst CG Jung

An American civil rights hero, a Chinese online star and the psychoanalyst CG Jung

The Assassination Of Yitzhak Rabin2020110720201110 (WS)In 1995, the Israeli prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, was murdered at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. We hear how his death scuppered hopes of peace in the Middle East. Plus, the racism endured by children born to black American soldiers and German mothers after World War Two, the rebuilding of Dresden's most famous church, and nude theatre in London and New York.

PHOTO: Yitzhak Rabin in 1993 (Getty Images)

The murder of the Israeli leader; Germany's "Occupation Babies"; nude theatre in London

The Attack On Fela Kuti2015092620150927 (WS)"One of Fela's former wives on the day the military stormed his compound, the lovely story of an old Ska superstar, we hear from the father of Hip Hop, DJ Kool Herc, plus how the Plastic People of the Universe symbolised resistance to Czech communism, and why legendary crooner Jacques Brel quit the stage.

(Photo: Fela Kuti in 1986. Credit: Associated Press)

Fela vs Nigeria's military, an old Ska superstar, the father of Hip Hop and Jacques Brel.

"

"One of Fela's former wives on the day the military stormed his compound, the lovely story of an old Ska superstar, we hear from the father of Hip Hop, DJ Kool Herc, plus how the Plastic People of the Universe symbolised resistance to Czech communism, and why legendary crooner Jacques Brel quit the stage.

(Photo: Fela Kuti in 1986. Credit: Associated Press)

Fela vs Nigeria's military, an old Ska superstar, the father of Hip Hop and Jacques Brel.

"

"Fela vs Nigeria's military, an old Ska superstar, the father of Hip Hop and Jacques Brel.

One of Fela's former wives on the day the military stormed his compound, the lovely story of an old Ska superstar, we hear from the father of Hip Hop, DJ Kool Herc, plus how the Plastic People of the Universe symbolised resistance to Czech communism, and why legendary crooner Jacques Brel quit the stage.

(Photo: Fela Kuti in 1986. Credit: Associated Press)

"

The Attack On The Osirak Nuclear Reactor2016061120160612 (WS)Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus Ritalin, da Vinci and US Civil Rights.

"Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus the history of the drug Ritalin, a restorer recalls her 20 years of work on da Vinci's Last Supper and the story of Mildred and Richard Loving - the mixed-race couple who turned into US civil rights pioneers.

Photograph: journalists are shown a destroyed nuclear reactor at Iraq's main nuclear research centre just south of Baghdad.(Credit: Ramzi Haidar/AFP/Getty Images)

Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus Ritalin, da Vinci and US Civil Rights.

"

"Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus the history of the drug Ritalin, a restorer recalls her 20 years of work on da Vinci's Last Supper and the story of Mildred and Richard Loving - the mixed-race couple who turned into US civil rights pioneers.

Photograph: journalists are shown a destroyed nuclear reactor at Iraq's main nuclear research centre just south of Baghdad.(Credit: Ramzi Haidar/AFP/Getty Images)

Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus Ritalin, da Vinci and US Civil Rights.

"

"Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus Ritalin, da Vinci and US Civil Rights.

Israel's attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, plus the history of the drug Ritalin, a restorer recalls her 20 years of work on da Vinci's Last Supper and the story of Mildred and Richard Loving - the mixed-race couple who turned into US civil rights pioneers.

Photograph: journalists are shown a destroyed nuclear reactor at Iraq's main nuclear research centre just south of Baghdad.(Credit: Ramzi Haidar/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Auschwitz Cellist2015090520150906 (WS)"A cellist survives thanks to her music, Russia's first DJ, the heyday of Somali music

"

"A cellist survives thanks to her music, Russia's first DJ, the heyday of Somali music

"

"A cellist survives thanks to her music, Russia's first DJ, the heyday of Somali music

"

The Awakenings2019121420191217 (WS)An extraordinary medical experiment that brought the catatonic back to life; an IRA siege in the 70s; the killing of a young immigrant in New York that sparked mass protests; an attack on the Indian parliament in 2001, and the fight to build the Louvre's iconic pyramid in Paris.

Picture: Dr Concetta Tomaino (center) with Dr Oliver Sacks (right) and patient (left) (Credit: the American Music Therapy Association)

A medical experiment that brought the catatonic back to life; and an IRA siege in the 70s

The Battle For Iwo Jima2015022820150301 (WS)The fight for the Pacific island in WW2; the looting of Benin's bronzes; and a CIA mole.
The Battle Of The Airwaves In Latin America2018031720180318
20180318 (WS)
"

Why the BBC started broadcasting to South America, plus the My Lai massacre.

"

Why the BBC started broadcasting to South America, plus the My Lai massacre.

"Why the BBC started broadcasting to South America, plus the My Lai massacre.

"

The Battle Of The Bulge2014122720141228 (WS)"Hitler's last gamble, the 1914 Christmas truce, a pirate DJ at sea, and peace in Nepal

Hitler's last major attack on the Western allies of the Second World War; the Christmas truce in the trenches of 1914; the life of a pirate DJ; a peace deal in Nepal, and the environmental campaigner who spent two years up a tree.

Photo: American tanks in Belgium in January 1945, Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

Photo: American tanks in Belgium in January 1945, Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images."

"Hitler's last gamble, the 1914 Christmas truce, a pirate DJ at sea, and peace in Nepal

Hitler's last major attack on the Western allies of the Second World War; the Christmas truce in the trenches of 1914; the life of a pirate DJ; a peace deal in Nepal, and the environmental campaigner who spent two years up a tree.

Photo: American tanks in Belgium in January 1945, Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

"

The Battle Of The Somme2016070220160703 (WS)Veterans recall horrific WW1 battle, forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague

"Veterans recall horrific WW1 battle, forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague

First-hand accounts from the BBC archive of the horrific WW1 battle, plus forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague of 1665, Ukraine's wartime ultra-nationalists and the US river that caught fire.

Photo: British soldiers advance during the Battle of the Somme, September 1916 (PA)

"

"Veterans recall horrific WW1 battle, forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague

First-hand accounts from the BBC archive of the horrific WW1 battle, plus forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague of 1665, Ukraine's wartime ultra-nationalists and the US river that caught fire.

Photo: British soldiers advance during the Battle of the Somme, September 1916 (PA)

"

"Veterans recall horrific WW1 battle, forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague

First-hand accounts from the BBC archive of the horrific WW1 battle, plus forced sterilisation in Peru, London's Great Plague of 1665, Ukraine's wartime ultra-nationalists and the US river that caught fire.

Photo: British soldiers advance during the Battle of the Somme, September 1916 (PA)

"

The Battle Of Tora Bora2015121220151213 (WS)"The hunt for Bin Laden, a KKK trial, the siege of Kut, and the Velvet Underground.

The hunt for Bin Laden in the mountains of Afghanistan; a Ku Klux Klan trial in 1965; the siege of Kut in World War 1; an unexpected alliance in 1980s Britain with Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners; and seminal alternative rock band the Velvet Underground's first gig.

(Photo: Afghan fighters look out over a smoking valley after a US B-52 aircraft bombed a front line position in the mountains of Tora Bora in north-eastern Afghanistan. Credit: Associated Press)

"

"The hunt for Bin Laden, a KKK trial, the siege of Kut, and the Velvet Underground.

The hunt for Bin Laden in the mountains of Afghanistan; a Ku Klux Klan trial in 1965; the siege of Kut in World War 1; an unexpected alliance in 1980s Britain with Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners; and seminal alternative rock band the Velvet Underground's first gig.

(Photo: Afghan fighters look out over a smoking valley after a US B-52 aircraft bombed a front line position in the mountains of Tora Bora in north-eastern Afghanistan. Credit: Associated Press)

"

"The hunt for Bin Laden, a KKK trial, the siege of Kut, and the Velvet Underground.

The hunt for Bin Laden in the mountains of Afghanistan; a Ku Klux Klan trial in 1965; the siege of Kut in World War 1; an unexpected alliance in 1980s Britain with Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners; and seminal alternative rock band the Velvet Underground's first gig.

(Photo: Afghan fighters look out over a smoking valley after a US B-52 aircraft bombed a front line position in the mountains of Tora Bora in north-eastern Afghanistan. Credit: Associated Press)

"

The Battle Of Verdun2016022020160221 (WS)The battle that traumatised France, forbidden Tibet in the 1940s and fashion's New Look

"The World War One battle that traumatised France; the Austrian mountaineer who wrote Seven Years in Tibet; how Christian Dior revolutionised fashion with the 'New Look'. Plus, how Foot-and-Mouth disease broke the hearts of British farmers and the botched assassination which humiliated the Israeli Secret Service.

(Photo: French Troops under fire at Verdun. Credit: General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

The battle that traumatised France, forbidden Tibet in the 1940s and fashion's New Look

"

"The World War One battle that traumatised France; the Austrian mountaineer who wrote Seven Years in Tibet; how Christian Dior revolutionised fashion with the 'New Look'. Plus, how Foot-and-Mouth disease broke the hearts of British farmers and the botched assassination which humiliated the Israeli Secret Service.

(Photo: French Troops under fire at Verdun. Credit: General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

The battle that traumatised France, forbidden Tibet in the 1940s and fashion's New Look

"

"The battle that traumatised France, forbidden Tibet in the 1940s and fashion's New Look

The World War One battle that traumatised France; the Austrian mountaineer who wrote Seven Years in Tibet; how Christian Dior revolutionised fashion with the 'New Look'. Plus, how Foot-and-Mouth disease broke the hearts of British farmers and the botched assassination which humiliated the Israeli Secret Service.

(Photo: French Troops under fire at Verdun. Credit: General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

"

The Betrayal Of The Kurds2014082320140824 (WS)"Iraqi Kurds abandoned by Iran, the WW2 liberation of Paris, and the Partition of India

The Kurds of Northern Iraq have long been caught in conflicts between their neighbours - we go back to 1975, when they were abandoned by Iran and the US after a deal was struck with Saddam Hussein.

Also on the show, we go back to the liberation of Paris in World War Two - and a military plane crash in the north of England on the same day which killed more than 30 primary schoolchildren.

Plus the Partition of India and rebellious Zimbabwean writer Dambudzo Marechera.

Picture: the veteran Kurdish leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani and Saddam Hussein celebrating an agreement signed in 1970, which quickly collapsed into war, Credit: Central Press/Getty Images

"

"Iraqi Kurds abandoned by Iran, the WW2 liberation of Paris, and the Partition of India

The Kurds of Northern Iraq have long been caught in conflicts between their neighbours - we go back to 1975, when they were abandoned by Iran and the US after a deal was struck with Saddam Hussein.

Also on the show, we go back to the liberation of Paris in World War Two - and a military plane crash in the north of England on the same day which killed more than 30 primary schoolchildren.

Plus the Partition of India and rebellious Zimbabwean writer Dambudzo Marechera.

Picture: the veteran Kurdish leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani and Saddam Hussein celebrating an agreement signed in 1970, which quickly collapsed into war, Credit: Central Press/Getty Images

"

The Biggest Rock Concert Ever2015010320150104 (WS)"Rod Stewart remembers Rio, Portugal's Casa Pia scandal, plus the first Big Brother.

"

"Rod Stewart remembers Rio, Portugal's Casa Pia scandal, plus the first Big Brother.

"

The Birth Of Bangladesh2020121920201222 (WS)How Pakistan's first democratic elections in 1970 led to war, the break up of Pakistan and the creation of a new country, Bangladesh. Also Gibraltar under Spanish blockade plus refugees from Namibia's war of independence, Britain's first reality TV family and Bing Crosby's White Christmas.

Photo East Pakistan 1971 The flag of Bangladesh is raised at the Awami League headquarters. Credit Getty Images

How Bangladesh's struggle for independence began with a landmark election in Pakistan.

How Pakistan's first democratic elections in 1970 led to war, the break up of Pakistan and the creation of a new country, Bangladesh. Also Gibraltar under Spanish blockade plus refugees from Namibia's war of independence, Britain's first reality TV family and Bing Crosby's White Christmas.

Photo East Pakistan 1971 The flag of Bangladesh is raised at the Awami League headquarters. Credit Getty Images

How Bangladesh's struggle for independence began with a landmark election in Pakistan.

The Birth Of The People's Republic Of China2019100520191007 (WS)To mark 70 years of communist China we hear from a soldier at the founding ceremony on October 1st 1949. Also, the memories of an American friend and comrade of Mao Zedong, a Red Guard who regrets the cultural revolution and the pro-communist protests in 1960s Hong Kong, plus the economic liberalisation of the 1980s. Our guide is China expert Isabel Hilton.

Photo: An officer reads a newspaper to soldiers while they are waiting for the announcement of the foundation of the People's Republic of China on Tiananmen Square on October 1, 1949 in Beijing, China. (Credit: Visual China Group via Getty Images)

70 years of communist China, we hear from Mao's friends, followers and critics.

The Bloods And Crips Truce2015041820150419 (WS)"In April 1992, two Los Angeles gangs signed a cease-fire.

"

"In April 1992, two Los Angeles gangs signed a cease-fire.

"

The Bombing Of Cambodia20130511"The secret US bombing campaign of Cambodia, the Arctic Convoys of WW2 and Pavarotti

"The secret US bombing campaign of Cambodia, the Arctic Convoys of WW2 and Pavarotti

"

The Bombing Of Hiroshima2015080820150809 (WS)"Atomic bombs dropped on Japan, a plot to kill Iranian writers, plus the first bionic ear

"

"Atomic bombs dropped on Japan, a plot to kill Iranian writers, plus the first bionic ear

"

The Book That Warned Of An End To Civilisation2020010420200107 (WS)In 1972 a book which outlined the possible future of the world became a best-seller. 'The Limits to Growth' was based on computer modelling which suggested that if economic growth remained unfettered, there'd be a 'traumatic' decline in civilisation from 2020. It also suggested global policy changes which could prevent a downward trend. Find out which path the world took and why...

Plus, why East German punks were targeted by the secret police in the 1980s, a top UN negotiator remembers how peace was won in El Salvador in 1991, the first black sitcom in Britain and the launch of the Chippendales - the first male strip show for women - in 1979.

Photo: Front cover of 'The Limits to Growth' published in 1972.

Environmental warnings from 1972, El Salvador, East German punks and the Chippendales.

The Boy In The Bubble2018022420180225 (WS)How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder; plus "Ghana Must Go" - when 1 million Africans were expelled from Nigeria, battling the last major smallpox epidemic in India, reporting the Jimmy Swaggart scandal and the story behind the acclaimed novel "Infinite Jest"
(Photo: David Vetter and his mother Carol-Ann Demaret Credit: Carol-Ann Demaret)

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder plus "Ghana Must Go" and Infinite Jest

"How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder plus ""Ghana Must Go"" and Infinite Jest

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder; plus "Ghana Must Go" - when 1 million Africans were expelled from Nigeria, battling the last major smallpox epidemic in India, reporting the Jimmy Swaggart scandal and the story behind the acclaimed novel "Infinite Jest"
(Photo: David Vetter and his mother Carol-Ann Demaret Credit: Carol-Ann Demaret)

"

The Boy In The Bubble20180225"How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder plus ""Ghana Must Go"" and Infinite Jest

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder; plus "Ghana Must Go" - when 1 million Africans were expelled from Nigeria, battling the last major smallpox epidemic in India, reporting the Jimmy Swaggart scandal and the story behind the acclaimed novel "Infinite Jest"
(Photo: David Vetter and his mother Carol-Ann Demaret Credit: Carol-Ann Demaret)

"

"

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder; plus "Ghana Must Go" - when 1 million Africans were expelled from Nigeria, battling the last major smallpox epidemic in India, reporting the Jimmy Swaggart scandal and the story behind the acclaimed novel "Infinite Jest"
(Photo: David Vetter and his mother Carol-Ann Demaret Credit: Carol-Ann Demaret)

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder plus ""Ghana Must Go"" and Infinite Jest

"

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder; plus "Ghana Must Go" - when 1 million Africans were expelled from Nigeria, battling the last major smallpox epidemic in India, reporting the Jimmy Swaggart scandal and the story behind the acclaimed novel "Infinite Jest"
(Photo: David Vetter and his mother Carol-Ann Demaret Credit: Carol-Ann Demaret)

How a young boy lived with a rare genetic disorder plus ""Ghana Must Go"" and Infinite Jest"

The 'braceros' - America's Mexican Guest Workers2018112420181127 (WS)From 1942 to 1964 the US actively encouraged American farmers to hire tens of thousands of migrant workers to come to work legally from Mexico - they were known as 'braceros'; also, when Moscow invited thousands of foreign students to attend an International Youth Festival in the former USSR; a witness to the funeral of the Duke of Wellington; plus Arafat's final weeks and why was JKF's killer allowed to defect to the Soviets?

Photo: A group of Mexican Braceros picking strawberries in a field in the Salinas Valley, California in June 1963 (Getty Images)

The US welcomes Mexican migrants, the USSR welcomes foreign students plus Arafat's death

The US welcomes Mexican migrants, the USSR welcomes foreign students plus Arafat's death

The Break-up Of The Soviet Union2016123120170101 (WS)Key players in the fall of the USSR recall the momentous events of December 1991

"Key players in the fall of the USSR recall the momentous events of December 1991

December 1991 saw the end of 70 years of communist rule and the collapse of the Soviet Union. We hear from two of the key signatories of the dissolution treaty, a witness to the ensuing crisis in one of the newly independent states, and from an American nuclear expert who helped clean-up the former USSR. Also, the performance artist protesting about the growing divide between rich and poor, and the first editor of Vogue magazine in Russia.

Photo: The leaders of Ukraine and Belorussia, alongside Russian leader Boris Yeltsin, at the ceremony formally dissolving the USSR in December 1991, Credit: AP

"

The Break-up Of The Soviet Union20170101"Key players in the fall of the USSR recall the momentous events of December 1991

December 1991 saw the end of 70 years of communist rule and the collapse of the Soviet Union. We hear from two of the key signatories of the dissolution treaty, a witness to the ensuing crisis in one of the newly independent states, and from an American nuclear expert who helped clean-up the former USSR. Also, the performance artist protesting about the growing divide between rich and poor, and the first editor of Vogue magazine in Russia.

Photo: The leaders of Ukraine and Belorussia, alongside Russian leader Boris Yeltsin, at the ceremony formally dissolving the USSR in December 1991, Credit: AP

"

The Burma Protests Of 19882021020620210209 (WS)In August 1988, people took to the streets of Burma, or Myanmar, to protest against the country's military government. The bloody uprising would lead to the rise of Aung San Suu Kyi as the country's pro-democracy leader. Also, the epidemic of drug use among US troops in Vietnam in the 1970s, the first Eurostar train service and the launch of the spectacular Moscow State Circus in 1971

PHOTO: Protestors in Rangoon in 1988 (Getty Images)

The fight for democracy in Burma, US troops on drugs in Vietnam, the Moscow state circus

The Cambridge Spy Network2019092120190923 (WS)The distinguished British art historian Anthony Blunt was exposed as a former Soviet spy in 1979. He was one of a group of double agents recruited at Cambridge University who passed vital information to Moscow. The BBC's Gordon Corera explains the scandal which shook the British establishment.

Plus the Black Panther Party's free breakfast programme; the abolition of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy towards LGBT troops in the US military; Ethiopian troops in South Korea; and memories of celebrated children's author CS Lewis.

Photo: Sir Anthony Blunt at the press conference in which he explained his motivation in 1979 (Credit: Aubrey Hart/Getty Images)

The distinguished British art historian exposed as a former Soviet spy.

The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo2018012720180128 (WS)When North Korea and the US came close to war; plus Salvador Dali, the origins of Lego

"When North Korea and the US came close to war; plus Salvador Dali, the origins of Lego

"

The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20180128"When North Korea and the US came close to war; plus Salvador Dali, the origins of Lego"
The Caracazo Protests2016022720160228 (WS)Deadly protests in Venezuela in 1989; exodus to Liberia; the Foxcatcher murder.

"Government austerity measures spark violent protests in Venezuela in 1989; the end of the Angolan civil war after the death of rebel leader Jonas Savimbi; exodus to Liberia from the American South; the overthrow of Filipino President Marcos; and murder in the world of Olympic wrestling, with the true story behind the Hollywood movie Foxcatcher.

(Photo: Venezuelan police in the street controlling crowds. Jose Cohen/AP Photo)

Deadly protests in Venezuela in 1989; exodus to Liberia; the Foxcatcher murder.

"

"Government austerity measures spark violent protests in Venezuela in 1989; the end of the Angolan civil war after the death of rebel leader Jonas Savimbi; exodus to Liberia from the American South; the overthrow of Filipino President Marcos; and murder in the world of Olympic wrestling, with the true story behind the Hollywood movie Foxcatcher.

(Photo: Venezuelan police in the street controlling crowds. Jose Cohen/AP Photo)

Deadly protests in Venezuela in 1989; exodus to Liberia; the Foxcatcher murder.

"

"Deadly protests in Venezuela in 1989; exodus to Liberia; the Foxcatcher murder.

Government austerity measures spark violent protests in Venezuela in 1989; the end of the Angolan civil war after the death of rebel leader Jonas Savimbi; exodus to Liberia from the American South; the overthrow of Filipino President Marcos; and murder in the world of Olympic wrestling, with the true story behind the Hollywood movie Foxcatcher.

(Photo: Venezuelan police in the street controlling crowds. Jose Cohen/AP Photo)

"

The Challenger Disaster2016013020160131 (WS)The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Sharia in Nigeria, and Batman.

"The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Sharia in Nigeria, and Batman.

The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Rupert Murdoch goes to war with his print unions, Australia's 18th century penal colonies, Sharia law in Nigeria, and Batman comes to TV.

Photo: Christa McAuliffe (left) and Barbara Morgan. Credit: Nasa

"

"The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Sharia in Nigeria, and Batman.

The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Rupert Murdoch goes to war with his print unions, Australia's 18th century penal colonies, Sharia law in Nigeria, and Batman comes to TV.

Photo: Christa McAuliffe (left) and Barbara Morgan. Credit: Nasa

"

"The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Sharia in Nigeria, and Batman.

The launch of space shuttle Challenger goes horribly wrong, Rupert Murdoch goes to war with his print unions, Australia's 18th century penal colonies, Sharia law in Nigeria, and Batman comes to TV.

Photo: Christa McAuliffe (left) and Barbara Morgan. Credit: Nasa

"

The Collapse Of Northern Rock2017091620170917 (WS)The run on a British bank, a schoolboy arrested in East Germany, and Nigerian treasures.

"The run on a British bank, a schoolboy arrested in East Germany, and Nigerian treasures.

The run on a British bank which signalled the coming global financial crisis, a schoolboy arrested in East Germany for writing a letter, a doctor remembers the Sabra Shatila massacre in Beirut, and a Nigerian archaeological treasure trove.

Photo: Northern Rock customers queuing outside the Kingston branch, in order to take their money out on September 17th 2007. Credit: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images

"

The Columbine School Shooting2019042020190422 (WS)The memories of the brother of one of the victims of the Columbine mass school shooting; plus the story behind 'A Raisin in the Sun' - the first play on Broadway by a black woman; the world's first space tourist, the origins of organic farming and the auto-destructive art movement of the 1960s.

Photo: Students from Columbine High School run under cover from police, following a shooting spree by two masked teenagers. April 20th 1999 (Mark Leffingwell/AFP/Getty Images

Mass murder in the US, the first play on Broadway by a black woman, and space tourism.

Mass murder in the US, the first play on Broadway by a black woman, and space tourism.

The Computers For Schools Revolution2020011120200114 (WS)In 2009, Uruguay became the first country in the world to give a laptop computer to every child in state primary schools. We hear from the man whose initiative is credited with transforming the lives of students and teachers. Plus, a US soldier's account of the battle for the Iraqi city of Fallujah in 2004, and memories of the Brazilian rubber-tapper and environmentalist Chico Mendes.

PHOTO: Two Uruguayan children enjoying their laptops (Courtesy Plan Ceibal)

Bringing laptops into education; the battle for Fallujah; environmentalist Chico Mendes.

The Conflict Is Over2015020720150208 (WS)"Secret peace talks in Northern Ireland, McDonald's opens in Moscow, and Bertrand Russell

"

"Secret peace talks in Northern Ireland, McDonald's opens in Moscow, and Bertrand Russell

"

The Creation Of The Cervical Cancer Vaccine2018092920180930 (WS)The creation of the cervical cancer vaccine, the construction of the bridge between Denmark and Sweden, the legendary American dancer Isadora Duncan, bloodshed in Lesotho and one doctor's painful memories of the Iran-Iraq war.

(Photo: Electron micrograph of virus like particles formed from the outer protein coat of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The proteins form a virus-like particle that does not contain any genetic material. Credit: Science Photo Library)

The creation of the cervical cancer vaccine, and the bridge between Denmark and Sweden.

"The creation of the cervical cancer vaccine, and the bridge between Denmark and Sweden.

"

", and the bridge between Denmark and Sweden.

"

", and the bridge between Denmark and Sweden.

"

The Cuban Writer Who Defied Castro2019120720191210 (WS)On 7 December 1990 the dissident Cuban novelist and poet Reinaldo Arenas killed himself in New York after years of suffering from AIDS. Before fleeing Cuba, Arenas had been jailed for his homosexuality, sent to re-education camps and prevented from writing. We hear from his friend and fellow writer, Jaime Manrique. Plus the memories of the daughter of the renowned British sculptor, Henry Moore; how the DEA helped track down Pablo Escobar; the ill-fated voyage of Shackleton's ship The Endurance; and inside one of the most notorious prison camps in post Soviet Central Asia.

(Photo: Reinaldo Arenas. Credit: Sophie Bassouls/Sygma/Sygma/Getty Images)

The life and death of Reinaldo Arenas, plus Henry Moore and tracking down Pablo Escobar

The Curse Of Agent Orange2019022320190226 (WS)Millions left dead or deformed because of chemicals used in the Vietnam war, UK cigarette smoking warnings ignored, remains of the Nazi 'Angel of Death' discovered in Brazil, the Columbia Shuttle disaster which led to huge questions about American space safety and the unrest featured in the Oscar-nominated film, Roma, where Mexican students were killed by government-trained paramilitary troops.

Photo: Child suffering from spinal deformity in rehabilitation centre in Saigon.

Vietnam's toxic legacy, smoking warnings ignored and Nazi remains discovered in Brazil.

"

Millions left dead or deformed because of chemicals used in the Vietnam war, UK cigarette smoking warnings ignored, remains of the Nazi 'Angel of Death' discovered in Brazil, the Columbia Shuttle disaster which led to huge questions about American space safety and the unrest featured in the Oscar-nominated film, Roma, where Mexican students were killed by government-trained paramilitary troops.

Photo: Child suffering from spinal deformity in rehabilitation centre in Saigon.

Vietnam's toxic legacy, smoking warnings ignored and Nazi remains discovered in Brazil.

"

The Dambusters20130518"70 years ago British bombers hit hydroelectric dams in Germany, plus a coup in Ethiopia.

"70 years ago British bombers hit hydroelectric dams in Germany, plus a coup in Ethiopia.

"

The 'death Of A Princess' Film2015041120150412 (WS)"The TV film which caused a diplomatic crisis, Idi Amin's downfall and riots in the USA

The story of one of the most controversial British television films ever made, the downfall of brutal Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, race riots in the USA, a state of emergency in India; plus famously eccentric concert pianist Glenn Gould gives his last live performance.

(Photo: Jeddah skyline. BBC copyright)

(Photo: Jeddah skyline. BBC copyright)"

"The TV film which caused a diplomatic crisis, Idi Amin's downfall and riots in the USA

The story of one of the most controversial British television films ever made, the downfall of brutal Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, race riots in the USA, a state of emergency in India; plus famously eccentric concert pianist Glenn Gould gives his last live performance.

(Photo: Jeddah skyline. BBC copyright)

"

The Death Of Che Guevara2014101120141012 (WS)"The CIA man who tracked down Che; the devastating Boer War, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong

The CIA man who tracked down Che in Bolivia; archive of Boer War veterans, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong in the 80s; the birth of climate change and the Norweigan commandos who sabotaged the Nazi nuclear programme.

"

"The CIA man who tracked down Che; the devastating Boer War, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong

The CIA man who tracked down Che in Bolivia; archive of Boer War veterans, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong in the 80s; the birth of climate change and the Norweigan commandos who sabotaged the Nazi nuclear programme."

"The CIA man who tracked down Che; the devastating Boer War, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong

The CIA man who tracked down Che in Bolivia; archive of Boer War veterans, plus Thatcher and Hong Kong in the 80s; the birth of climate change and the Norweigan commandos who sabotaged the Nazi nuclear programme."

The Death Of Che Guevara2017101420171015 (WS)The final hours of the revolutionary hero, Italy's looted art and Madonna's early years.

"The final hours of the revolutionary hero, Italy's looted art and Madonna's early years.

In October 1967 the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was captured and killed in Bolivia - we hear from the CIA operative who was one of the last people to speak to him. Plus, the plan to rescue Italy's art from the Nazis; remembering a hero of Catalan nationalism; the policeman and friend who testified against OJ Simpson, and Madonna - the early years.

(Photo: Felix Rodriguez (left) with the captured Che Guevara, shortly before his execution on 9 October 1967. Courtesy of Felix Rodriguez)

"

The Death Of Grenada's Revolution20131019"The day Maurice Bishop was killed, escaping a Nazi death camp, and an ANC hero walks free

On October 19th 1983, Grenada's charismatic left-wing prime minister, Maurice BIshop, was killed. Plus a revolt in a Nazi death camp, the ANC leader Walter Sisulu walks free, and the nine black teenagers falsely accused of rape in 1930s America

Photo: Maurice Bishop in 1983 (BBC Pictures)"

"The day Maurice Bishop was killed, escaping a Nazi death camp, and an ANC hero walks free

On October 19th 1983, Grenada's charismatic left-wing prime minister, Maurice BIshop, was killed. Plus a revolt in a Nazi death camp, the ANC leader Walter Sisulu walks free, and the nine black teenagers falsely accused of rape in 1930s America

Photo: Maurice Bishop in 1983 (BBC Pictures)"

"The day Maurice Bishop was killed, escaping a Nazi death camp, and an ANC hero walks free"

The Death Of Margaret Thatcher20130413"In the week that Britain's former prime minister died, some very personal memories.

"

"In the week that Britain's former prime minister died, some very personal memories.

"

The Death Of Princess Diana2017090220170903 (WS)Princess Diana's brother remembers the passionate speech he gave at her funeral.

"Princess Diana's brother remembers the passionate speech he gave at her funeral.

Princess Diana's brother remembers the passionate speech he gave at her funeral, and one of the doctors who treated her at the scene of her fatal car crash remembers her death.

Plus, how George Orwell wrote Animal Farm, the development of a revolutionary new 3D medical scanning technique, and the birth of the online auction site eBay.

Picture: Earl Spencer and Prince William at Princess Diana's funeral. Credit: Getty/AFP

"

The Death Of Rock Hudson2015100320151004 (WS)"Angie Dickinson remembers her friend, the Hollywood superstar who became the most high profile celebrity to acknowledge he was suffering from Aids; plus one of the founding members of Cuba's Buena Vista Social Club, the Danish cartoon controversy, remembering Kabul's musicians' quarter and the birth of Karaoke.

Photo: Rock Hudson at the BBC.

A Hollywood star dies of Aids, plus Buena Vista Social Club, Danish cartoons and Karaoke.

"

"Angie Dickinson remembers her friend, the Hollywood superstar who became the most high profile celebrity to acknowledge he was suffering from Aids; plus one of the founding members of Cuba's Buena Vista Social Club, the Danish cartoon controversy, remembering Kabul's musicians' quarter and the birth of Karaoke.

Photo: Rock Hudson at the BBC.

A Hollywood star dies of Aids, plus Buena Vista Social Club, Danish cartoons and Karaoke.

"

"A Hollywood star dies of Aids, plus Buena Vista Social Club, Danish cartoons and Karaoke.

Angie Dickinson remembers her friend, the Hollywood superstar who became the most high profile celebrity to acknowledge he was suffering from Aids; plus one of the founding members of Cuba's Buena Vista Social Club, the Danish cartoon controversy, remembering Kabul's musicians' quarter and the birth of Karaoke.

Photo: Rock Hudson at the BBC.

"

The Death Of Virginia Woolf2016040220160403 (WS)It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life.

"It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life.

It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life. Plus, an assassination attempt against US President Ronald Reagan, prohibition in Pakistan, and the sudden resignation of a British Prime Minister - Harold Wilson.

Photo: Virginia Woolf at the age of 20. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

"

"It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life.

It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life. Plus, an assassination attempt against US President Ronald Reagan, prohibition in Pakistan, and the sudden resignation of a British Prime Minister - Harold Wilson.

Photo: Virginia Woolf at the age of 20. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

"

"It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life.

It is 75 years since the great English author took her own life. Plus, an assassination attempt against US President Ronald Reagan, prohibition in Pakistan, and the sudden resignation of a British Prime Minister - Harold Wilson.

Photo: Virginia Woolf at the age of 20. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

"

The Destruction Of The Bridge At Mostar2014112920141130 (WS)"The Bridge at Mostar, Australia's rabbit plague, India's Eton and Kraftwerk

"

"The Bridge at Mostar, Australia's rabbit plague, India's Eton and Kraftwerk

"

The Dili Massacre2016111920161120 (WS)Horror in East Timor, book-burning in Britain and the birth of the James Bond theme tune.

"Horror in East Timor, book-burning in Britain and the birth of the James Bond theme tune.

It is 25 years since Indonesian troops attacked protestors in the East Timorese capital, plus the impact of The Satanic Verses on British society, smuggling endangered birds out of the jungles of South America, a palace burns in Madagascar and the inspiration behind James Bond's theme tune.

(Photo: East Timorese activists preparing for the protest that ended in tragedy. Copyright: Max Stahl)

"

The Dili Massacre20161120"It is 25 years since Indonesian troops attacked protestors in the East Timorese capital, plus the impact of The Satanic Verses on British society, smuggling endangered birds out of the jungles of South America, a palace burns in Madagascar and the inspiration behind James Bond's theme tune.

(Photo: East Timorese activists preparing for the protest that ended in tragedy. Copyright: Max Stahl)

Horror in East Timor, book-burning in Britain and the birth of the James Bond theme tune.

"It is 25 years since Indonesian troops attacked protestors in the East Timorese capital, plus the impact of The Satanic Verses on British society, smuggling endangered birds out of the jungles of South America, a palace burns in Madagascar and the inspiration behind James Bond's theme tune.

(Photo: East Timorese activists preparing for the protest that ended in tragedy. Copyright: Max Stahl)

Horror in East Timor, book-burning in Britain and the birth of the James Bond theme tune.

"

The 'disappeared' Of Lebanon2017111820171119 (WS)Women searching for their missing loved-ones in Lebanon, plus diamonds and naked dancing.

"Women searching for their missing loved-ones in Lebanon, plus diamonds and naked dancing.

The women searching for their loved-ones who went missing during the Lebanese civil war, plus the man who first discovered diamonds in Botswana, a pioneer of the Indian restaurant business in the UK, an exploding whale, and naked dancing in post-war London.

Photo: West Beirut under shellfire in 1982.(Credit:Domnique Faget/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The 'disappeared' Of Lebanon20171119"Women searching for their missing loved-ones in Lebanon, plus diamonds and naked dancing.

The women searching for their loved-ones who went missing during the Lebanese civil war, plus the man who first discovered diamonds in Botswana, a pioneer of the Indian restaurant business in the UK, an exploding whale, and naked dancing in post-war London.

Photo: West Beirut under shellfire in 1982.(Credit:Domnique Faget/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Division Of Kashmir2019081720190819 (WS)The origins of the crisis in Kashmir, the warnings ignored about 9/11 and the arrest of the notorious terror suspect Carlos the Jackal. Plus the invention in a British back garden of the daily disposable contact lens and how Dr Seuss taught America to read.

Photo: Indian troops arriving in Kashmir in October 1947 (Getty Images)

How Kashmir was separated, the warnings about 9/11, Carlos the Jackal and Dr Seuss.

The Donner Party2016010220160103 (WS)A gruesome tale of the American West, Vietnamese refugees and a murder in Tsarist Russia.

"In 1846, a group of pioneers were trying to reach California by wagon when they were trapped by snow over the winter - and some were driven to cannibalism to survive. Their gruesome story has become a legend of the American West. Plus, fleeing Vietnam by boat, remembering the drama of the Millenium Bug, recalling Rasputin's murder in Tsarist Russia and we hear from the daughter of Soviet hero, Alexei Stakhanov.

PHOTO: The slopes of Mount Whitney in the Sierra Nevada range, near Lone Pine, California, USA. 20/04/2008.

A gruesome tale of the American West, Vietnamese refugees and a murder in Tsarist Russia.

"

"In 1846, a group of pioneers were trying to reach California by wagon when they were trapped by snow over the winter - and some were driven to cannibalism to survive. Their gruesome story has become a legend of the American West. Plus, fleeing Vietnam by boat, remembering the drama of the Millenium Bug, recalling Rasputin's murder in Tsarist Russia and we hear from the daughter of Soviet hero, Alexei Stakhanov.

PHOTO: The slopes of Mount Whitney in the Sierra Nevada range, near Lone Pine, California, USA. 20/04/2008.

A gruesome tale of the American West, Vietnamese refugees and a murder in Tsarist Russia.

"

"A gruesome tale of the American West, Vietnamese refugees and a murder in Tsarist Russia.

In 1846, a group of pioneers were trying to reach California by wagon when they were trapped by snow over the winter - and some were driven to cannibalism to survive. Their gruesome story has become a legend of the American West. Plus, fleeing Vietnam by boat, remembering the drama of the Millenium Bug, recalling Rasputin's murder in Tsarist Russia and we hear from the daughter of Soviet hero, Alexei Stakhanov.

PHOTO: The slopes of Mount Whitney in the Sierra Nevada range, near Lone Pine, California, USA. 20/04/2008.

"

The Early Days Of The European Union2020020120200204 (WS)The hurried signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 which led to greater European unity, plus 1992 - when the British royal family started to reform its role after a year of scandal and disaster. Also on the programme, the horrific gang rape which prompted India to rethink its laws, the storm that helped British tree experts make an important scientific discovery and the woman born to slaves who became the first self-made female millionaire.

Photo: European leaders at the Palazzo dei Conservatori in Rome. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images

The EU in the 1950s, the British royal scandal and the self-made female millionaire.

The hurried signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 which led to greater European Unity, 1992 - when the British royal family started to reform its roleafter a year of scandal and disaster, the horrific gang rape which prompted India to rethink its laws, the storm which helped British tree experts make an important scientific discovery and the woman born to slaves who became the first self-made female millionaire.

The EU in 1957, British royal family scandal and the first self-made female millionaire.

The EU in the 1950s, the British royal scandal and the self-made female millionaire.

The Eichmann Tapes2015060620150607 (WS)The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was interviewed while in hiding in Argentina.

The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was interviewed while he was in hiding in Argentina; plus building the Golden Gate bridge; mourning Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini; how an arson attack on Jaffna library led to civil war; and Britain's last referendum on Europe.

(Photo: Adolf Eichmann stands in a protective glass booth flanked by Israeli police during his trial in 1961 in Jerusalem. Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

(Photo: Adolf Eichmann stands in a protective glass booth flanked by Israeli police during his trial in 1961 in Jerusalem. Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was interviewed while in hiding in Argentina.

The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was interviewed while he was in hiding in Argentina; plus building the Golden Gate bridge; mourning Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini; how an arson attack on Jaffna library led to civil war; and Britain's last referendum on Europe.

(Photo: Adolf Eichmann stands in a protective glass booth flanked by Israeli police during his trial in 1961 in Jerusalem. Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

The End Of Apartheid2017020420170205 (WS)Former South African police minister talks apartheid, Black Hawk Down and a polar record

"Former South African police minister talks apartheid, Black Hawk Down and a polar record

Former South African police minister on ending apartheid, eyewitness to Black Hawk Down, landmark sexual harassment case in India, the last South American war and a record breaking solo trek across the Antarctic
Picture: Anti-apartheid protestors demonstrate in Cape Town on the same day that President de Klerk announced the lifting of the ban on the ANC and the release of all political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela (Credit: RASHID LOMBARD/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The End Of The Korean War20130727"Sixty years since the Korean war ended, plus life with Joseph Kony and the start of AA

"Sixty years since the Korean war ended, plus life with Joseph Kony and the start of AA

"

The End Of World War One2018111020181113 (WS)11th November 1918 saw the end of a four year war that had killed an estimated 20 million soldiers and civilians around the world. We hear eyewitness accounts of the conflict which was fought by many nations, on many continents. The historian, Professor Annika Mombauer joins Max Pearson to discuss the devastating war that changed the world.
Photo: Crowds in London celebrate the signing of the Armistice on 11th November 1918 (Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Eyewitness accounts of the devastating war that changed the world.

The Ethiopia Famine2014102520141026 (WS)The TV report that alerted the world to starvation in Ethiopia in 1984
The Ex-president And The Gun Lobby2018063020180701 (WS)This week, how former US President George Bush Senior took on the all-powerful National Rifle Association; the murder of the campaigning Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; and how a Soviet submarine got stuck on a Swedish rock during the Cold War. Plus, the Cockney pilot who became known as the "King of Lampedusa" during World War Two.

(Photo: President George Bush Senior. Credit: Bachrach/Getty Images)

The power of the NRA; murdered Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; Swedish submarine drama

"The power of the NRA; murdered Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; Swedish submarine drama

This week, how former US President George Bush Senior took on the all-powerful National Rifle Association; the murder of the campaigning Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; and how a Soviet submarine got stuck on a Swedish rock during the Cold War. Plus, the Cockney pilot who became known as the "King of Lampedusa" during World War Two.

(Photo: President George Bush Senior. Credit: Bachrach/Getty Images)

"

"The power of the NRA; murdered Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; Swedish submarine drama

This week, how former US President George Bush Senior took on the all-powerful National Rifle Association; the murder of the campaigning Irish journalist, Veronica Guerin; and how a Soviet submarine got stuck on a Swedish rock during the Cold War. Plus, the Cockney pilot who became known as the "King of Lampedusa" during World War Two.

(Photo: President George Bush Senior. Credit: Bachrach/Getty Images)

"

The Fairy Photos2017090920170910 (WS)Searching for a spirit world after WW1, plus Jamaica's worst train crash, and Biosphere 2

"Searching for a spirit world after WW1, plus Jamaica's worst train crash, and Biosphere 2

The search for a spirit world after WW1 that led people to believe that photographs of fairies were real. Plus Jamaica's worst train crash, France's last execution by guillotine, the man who saved the Proms and life in a giant greenhouse in Arizona - Biosphere 2.

Photo: Frances Griffiths and the "Cottingley Fairies" in a photograph made in 1917 by her cousin Elsie Wright with paper cut-outs and hatpins. Credit: Alamy

"

The Fake Ids That Saved Jewish Lives2017102820171029 (WS)Escaping the Nazis in WW2 Hungary, Romania's abortion ban, and a literary love affair.

"Escaping the Nazis in WW2 Hungary, Romania's abortion ban, and a literary love affair.

How tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews escaped the Nazis by using false papers; what happened when abortion became illegal overnight in 1960s Romania; the murder of campaigning Nigerian journalist Dele Giwa; the creation of British satire magazine Private Eye; and the love affair between writers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.

Photo: False Hungarian ID document (BBC)

"

The Fake Ids That Saved Jewish Lives20171029"Escaping the Nazis in WW2 Hungary, Romania's abortion ban, and a literary love affair.

How tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews escaped the Nazis by using false papers; what happened when abortion became illegal overnight in 1960s Romania; the murder of campaigning Nigerian journalist Dele Giwa; the creation of British satire magazine Private Eye; and the love affair between writers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.

Photo: False Hungarian ID document (BBC)

"

The Fall Of Addis Ababa2014053120140601 (WS)"Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, UK's first women's refuge, plus card counting in Vegas casinos and the first space monkeys

Photo: EPRDF rebels in Addis Ababa May 1991

Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, plus casinos and space monkeys

"

"Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, UK's first women's refuge, plus card counting in Vegas casinos and the first space monkeys

Photo: EPRDF rebels in Addis Ababa May 1991

Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, plus casinos and space monkeys

"

"Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, plus casinos and space monkeys

Rebels take over Ethiopia's capital, remembering Nehru, UK's first women's refuge, plus card counting in Vegas casinos and the first space monkeys

Photo: EPRDF rebels in Addis Ababa May 1991

"

The Fall Of Addis Ababa2020120520201208 (WS)In May 1991, the brutal Ethiopian dictator, Colonel Mengistu and his military regime were on the verge of collapse after years of civil war. The end came when a Tigrayan-led rebel movement advanced on the capital Addis Ababa and took power. We get a first-hand account from an American diplomat and hear how the events of 1991 contributed to the current crisis in Ethiopia. Plus, the controversy in France over banning headscarves and other religious symbols from schools, the Nazis' terrifying V1 bombing campaign in World War Two and the story of the Haitian slave leader, Toussaint Louverture.

Photo: EPRDF rebels in Addis Ababa, 28 May, 1991 (BBC)

How rebels toppled Colonel Mengistu of Ethiopia; France's headscarf ban; WW2's V1 bombs

The Fall Of Idi Amin2014041220140413 (WS)"Ugandan dictator Idi Amin ousted; Rwandan genocide; the discovery of the polio vaccine.

In April 1979 the brutal Ugandan ruler, Idi Amin, was ousted by invading Tanzanian forces.

Also in this week's show, 20 years since the Rwandan genocide, Soviet troops attack protesters in Tbilisi, black American singer Marian Anderson performs at the Lincolm Memorial, and the discovery of a vaccine against polio.

"

"Ugandan dictator Idi Amin ousted; Rwandan genocide; the discovery of the polio vaccine.

In April 1979 the brutal Ugandan ruler, Idi Amin, was ousted by invading Tanzanian forces.

Also in this week's show, 20 years since the Rwandan genocide, Soviet troops attack protesters in Tbilisi, black American singer Marian Anderson performs at the Lincolm Memorial, and the discovery of a vaccine against polio.

"

The Fall Of Kwame Nkrumah2021022720210302 (WS)An eyewitness account of the overthrow of Ghana's famous independence leader. And we examine Nkrumah's legacy with Prof. Gareth Austin from Cambridge University. Plus the story of a heroic African WW2 airman, the scientists who alerted the world to the threat of acid rain, a Nobel Peace Prize winner on the 1990s campaign to ban landmines and an inside account of Ireland's financial crisis.

Photo: Kwame Nkrumah c 1955 (Getty Images)

The overthrow of Ghana's famous leader, a heroic African WW2 airman, the ban on landmines

The Fall Of Nikita Khrushchev2014101820141019 (WS)"The Soviet leader is forced out, London dock strike, and a controversial feminist play

"

"The Soviet leader is forced out, London dock strike, and a controversial feminist play

"

The Fall Of The Berlin Wall2014110820141109 (WS)", Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, and Sigmund Freud.

It is 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall - the History Hour hears from two of the first people to cross from East Berlin. Also on the show, Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, the disappearance of Lord Lucan, and 115 years since Sigmund Freud published his Interpretation of Dreams. Plus Chris Burden, the Californian who got shot in the arm in the name of performance art.

Photo: copyright Siegbert Schefke

"

", Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, and Sigmund Freud.

It is 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall - the History Hour hears from two of the first people to cross from East Berlin. Also on the show, Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, the disappearance of Lord Lucan, and 115 years since Sigmund Freud published his Interpretation of Dreams. Plus Chris Burden, the Californian who got shot in the arm in the name of performance art.

Photo: copyright Siegbert Schefke"

", Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, and Sigmund Freud.

It is 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall - the History Hour hears from two of the first people to cross from East Berlin. Also on the show, Jane Goodall's study of chimpanzees, the disappearance of Lord Lucan, and 115 years since Sigmund Freud published his Interpretation of Dreams. Plus Chris Burden, the Californian who got shot in the arm in the name of performance art.

Photo: copyright Siegbert Schefke

Photo: copyright Siegbert Schefke"

The Fall Of The Berlin Wall2019102620191029 (WS)1989 was a seismic year in world history and ended with the fall of the Berlin Wall, the clearest symbol of the Cold War. But it was a series of events across Europe that added to the momentum. We journey back through Poland, Hungary and East Germany ahead of that historic moment in November, through the testimonies of the people who were there at the centre of events; the Solidarity movement in Poland, the protesters in Hungary and East Germany and an account from the first people to cross the wall.

(Photo: East Germans climbing onto the top of the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate after the opening of the East German border was announced in Berlin. November 9, 1989. Credit: REUTERS/Staff/Files)

A look at events across Europe in 1989 that led to the wall coming down in Germany.

The Final Days Of Sri Lanka's Civil War2019051820190520 (WS)In May 2009 the Sri Lankan army defeated the Tamil Tigers, ending a brutal 25-year civil war; also, the economists who predicted the 2008 global economic crash, plus the Nazis' stolen children, a victim of China's One Child policy, and the building of the great Karakoram Highway.

Photo: Tamil civilians standing on the roadside after crossing to a government-controlled area 2kms from the front-line, 2009 (Getty Images)

The last battles of a brutal conflict plus how the Nazis stole children.

The last battles of a brutal conflict plus how the Nazis stole children.

The First African To Win The Nobel Peace Prize2020121220201215 (WS)When Chief Albert Luthuli won the Nobel Peace Prize he was living under a banning order in rural South Africa. He won the prize for advocating peaceful opposition to the Apartheid regime. We hear from his daughter Albertina and speak to a South African historian about his legacy. Plus the cave discovery in France that changed the way we think about Neanderthals, the best-selling African-American crime writer Chester Himes, celebrating 100 years since a cinematic first and the reintroduction of beavers that's helping restore Scotland's ecosystem.

(Picture: Albert Luthuli receives the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961. Credit: Keystone/Hulton Archive)

The anti-apartheid campaigner Albert Luthuli plus a Neanderthal discovery and beavers.

When Chief Albert Luthuli won the Nobel Peace Prize he was living under a banning order in rural South Africa. He won the prize for advocating peaceful opposition to the Apartheid regime. We hear from his daughter Albertina and speak to a South African historian about his legacy. Plus the cave discovery in France that changed the way we think about Neanderthals, the best-selling African-American crime writer Chester Himes, celebrating 100 years since a cinematic first and the reintroduction of beavers that's helping restore Scotland's ecosystem.

When Chief Albert Luthuli won the Nobel Peace Prize he was living under a banning order in rural South Africa. He won the prize for advocating peaceful opposition to the Apartheid regime. We hear from his daughter Albertina and speak to a South African historian about his legacy. Plus the cave discovery in France that changed the way we think about Neanderthals, the best-selling African-American crime writer Chester Himes, celebrating 100 years since a cinematic first and the reintroduction of beavers that's helping restore Scotland's ecosystem.

The First Alzheimer's Patient2016011620160117 (WS)The discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup and forbidden art in Russia

"The tragic case that led to the discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup, a mother's account of a mass shooting in Pennsylvania, the story of the Freedom Tower in Tehran; plus, a forbidden art collection in the Soviet Union.

Photo: Auguste Deter photographed in the psychiatric hospital in Frankfurt where Dr Alzheimer worked, c.1901

The discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup and forbidden art in Russia

"

"The tragic case that led to the discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup, a mother's account of a mass shooting in Pennsylvania, the story of the Freedom Tower in Tehran; plus, a forbidden art collection in the Soviet Union.

Photo: Auguste Deter photographed in the psychiatric hospital in Frankfurt where Dr Alzheimer worked, c.1901

The discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup and forbidden art in Russia

"

"The discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup and forbidden art in Russia

The tragic case that led to the discovery of Alzheimer's disease, Nigeria's first coup, a mother's account of a mass shooting in Pennsylvania, the story of the Freedom Tower in Tehran; plus, a forbidden art collection in the Soviet Union.

Photo: Auguste Deter photographed in the psychiatric hospital in Frankfurt where Dr Alzheimer worked, c.1901

"

The First Anti-psychotic Drug2019061520190617 (WS)How a 1950s drug helped revolutionise the treatment of mental illness. Also, how hundreds of thousands of Kosovans fled when NATO bombed former Yugoslavia. Plus, a monumental public artwork in post-Cold War Berlin, Chinese-American relations after WW2, and a trailblazing same sex wedding in the 1970s.

Photo: Nurses prepare a patient for electric shock treatment in a psychiatric hospital. (Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Getty Images)

A mental health breakthrough, the end of the Kosovan war, and a trailblazing gay wedding.

A mental health breakthrough, the end of the Kosovan war, and a trailblazing gay wedding.

The First Battle Of Fallujah2014011820140119 (WS)US assault on Fallujah; WW2's Battle of Monte Cassino; and Jimi Hendrix's girlfriend

The First Legal 'physician-assisted Suicide'2016092420160925 (WS)In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to die.

"In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to end his life, using a lethal injection attached to a computer, also, the Congresswoman who didn't vote for ""the War on Terror"", the changing law on domestic violence in Brazil, the curious case of 18th century woman who claimed to be giving birth to rabbits and a gold rush in Australia.

(Photo: Dr Nitschke with his computer and automated syringe. Copyright: Philip Nitschke)

In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to die.

"

"In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to end his life, using a lethal injection attached to a computer, also, the Congresswoman who didn't vote for ""the War on Terror"", the changing law on domestic violence in Brazil, the curious case of 18th century woman who claimed to be giving birth to rabbits and a gold rush in Australia.

(Photo: Dr Nitschke with his computer and automated syringe. Copyright: Philip Nitschke)

In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to die.

"

"In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to die.

In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to end his life, using a lethal injection attached to a computer, also, the Congresswoman who didn't vote for "the War on Terror", the changing law on domestic violence in Brazil, the curious case of 18th century woman who claimed to be giving birth to rabbits and a gold rush in Australia.

(Photo: Dr Nitschke with his computer and automated syringe. Copyright: Philip Nitschke)

In 1996 an Australian doctor legally helped a terminally ill man to end his life, using a lethal injection attached to a computer, also, the Congresswoman who didn't vote for ""the War on Terror"", the changing law on domestic violence in Brazil, the curious case of 18th century woman who claimed to be giving birth to rabbits and a gold rush in Australia.

"

The First Palestinian Intifada2014072620140727 (WS)"The first intifada, plus the Jewish centre bombed in Argentina and Prince's Purple Rain

The first Palestinian intifada, plus first-hand accounts of the bombing of a Jewish centre in Argentina, life in India under British rule, the killing by Basque separatist group ETA which sparked the largest demonstrations in Spanish history, plus 30 years on from the release of the film Purple Rain by musician Prince - we hear from his drummer Bobby Z.

(Photo: a Palestinian demonstrator throws a rock during violent protests against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in December 1987. Credit: Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images)

The first Palestinian intifada, plus first-hand accounts of the bombing of a Jewish centre in Argentina, life in India under British rule, the killing by Basque separatist group ETA which sparked the largest demonstrations in Spanish history, plus 30 years on from the release of the film Purple Rain by musician Prince - we hear from his drummer Bobby Z."

", plus first-hand accounts of the bombing of a Jewish centre in Argentina, life in India under British rule, the killing by Basque separatist group ETA which sparked the largest demonstrations in Spanish history, plus 30 years on from the release of the film Purple Rain by musician Prince - we hear from his drummer Bobby Z.

(Photo: a Palestinian demonstrator throws a rock during violent protests against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in December 1987. Credit: Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images)

The first intifada, plus the Jewish centre bombed in Argentina and Prince's Purple Rain

"

", plus first-hand accounts of the bombing of a Jewish centre in Argentina, life in India under British rule, the killing by Basque separatist group ETA which sparked the largest demonstrations in Spanish history, plus 30 years on from the release of the film Purple Rain by musician Prince - we hear from his drummer Bobby Z.

(Photo: a Palestinian demonstrator throws a rock during violent protests against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in December 1987. Credit: Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images)

The first intifada, plus the Jewish centre bombed in Argentina and Prince's Purple Rain

"

The First Panda In America2013113020131201 (WS)"How a socialite brought a panda to New York; plus Conakry invaded, WW2 Allies and bikes

How a socialite brought a baby panda to New York in the 1930s. The invasion of Guinea Conakry. Plus memories of the Tehran conference during WW2: Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill all in the same room together, and a road safety revolution in Holland.

Photo: Quentin Young, Ruth Harkness and the panda. Courtesy of Jolly Young

"

"How a socialite brought a panda to New York; plus Conakry invaded, WW2 Allies and bikes

How a socialite brought a baby panda to New York in the 1930s. The invasion of Guinea Conakry. Plus memories of the Tehran conference during WW2: Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill all in the same room together, and a road safety revolution in Holland.

Photo: Quentin Young, Ruth Harkness and the panda. Courtesy of Jolly Young

"

The First Russian Revolution Of 19172017031820170319 (WS)The Russian Revolution, AIDS and 'Patient Zero' plus escaping the Nazis as a child.

"The Russian Revolution, AIDS and 'Patient Zero' plus escaping the Nazis as a child.

100 years since the Russian Revolution, Imperial Russia in colour, AIDS and the mystery of 'Patient Zero', when Indian sex workers marched for employment rights and the British Lord who fled the Nazis in Czechoslovakia as a six year old on the Kindertransport.

Photo: 12th March 1917: Barricades across a street in St Petersburg, as a red flag floats above the cannons, during the Russian Revolution. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The First Russian Revolution Of 191720170319"The Russian Revolution, AIDS and 'Patient Zero' plus escaping the Nazis as a child.

100 years since the Russian Revolution, Imperial Russia in colour, AIDS and the mystery of 'Patient Zero', when Indian sex workers marched for employment rights and the British Lord who fled the Nazis in Czechoslovakia as a six year old on the Kindertransport.

Photo: 12th March 1917: Barricades across a street in St Petersburg, as a red flag floats above the cannons, during the Russian Revolution. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The First Woman In Space20130622"Russia puts a woman in orbit, America executes spy couple and the Rocky Horror Show opens.

"Russia puts a woman in orbit, America executes spy couple and the Rocky Horror Show opens.

"

The First Woman In The Us Supreme Court2021041720210419 (WS)Sandra Day O'Connor was appointed to America's top court in 1981. She'd been nominated by newly-elected Republican president Ronald Reagan. Also in the programme: an eye-witness on the beaches during the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba, the worm that unlocked secrets of genetics in the 1960s, the decline of the South Asian vulture and China's "kingdom of women".

Photo:Sandra Day O'Connor is sworn in at the Senate confirmation hearing on her selection as a US Supreme Court justice, September 1981 (Credit: Keystone/Consolidated News Pictures/Getty Images)

Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to America's top court, plus the Bay of Pigs invasion

The Flavr Savr Tomato - The World's First Genetically Engineered Food2017040120170402 (WS)The GM food debate, an anthrax outbreak in the Soviet Union, and the Teletubbies turn 20.

"The GM food debate, an anthrax outbreak in the Soviet Union, and the Teletubbies turn 20.

In 1994 the world's first genetically-engineered food went on sale in the US. It was a tomato, called the 'Flavr Savr' which stayed fresh for up to 30 days. Plus, a mysterious anthrax outbreak in the Soviet Union; the murder of a Catholic archbishop in El Salvador; and the Teletubbies turn 20.

Photo: Roger Salquist, former Chairman and CEO of Calgene (courtesy of Roger Salquist)

"

The Georgian-abkhaz War2014020820140209 (WS)"Conflict in the south Caucasus, Beatlemania, plus breaking codes with Colossus.

"

"Conflict in the south Caucasus, Beatlemania, plus breaking codes with Colossus.

"

The German American Bund2017022520170226 (WS)Nazis in 1930s America; Slobodan Milosevic on trial; attacks on Denmark's Little Mermaid.

"Nazis in 1930s America; Slobodan Milosevic on trial; attacks on Denmark's Little Mermaid.

In the 1930s, a group of German-American Nazi sympathisers known as the German American Bund held rallies and summer camps across the US. Also, the lawyers who helped Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic defend himself against war crimes charges and how vandals attacked Denmark's famous Little Mermaid Statue.

"

The German Invasion Of Czechoslovakia2015030720150308 (WS)"The Nazis invade Czechoslovakia, being Stalin's interpreter and the real Von Trapp family

The Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia, the perils of being Stalin's interpreter, Britain's first commercial surrogate mother, and on the 50th anniversary of the release of the film, The Sound of Music, the story of the real Von Trapp family.

(Photo: German troops on a motorcycle enter Prague on 15 March 1939. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

(Photo: German troops on a motorcycle enter Prague on 15 March 1939. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)"

"The Nazis invade Czechoslovakia, being Stalin's interpreter and the real Von Trapp family

The Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia, the perils of being Stalin's interpreter, Britain's first commercial surrogate mother, and on the 50th anniversary of the release of the film, The Sound of Music, the story of the real Von Trapp family.

(Photo: German troops on a motorcycle enter Prague on 15 March 1939. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Good Friday Agreement2018033120180401 (WS)In 1998, the political parties in Northern Ireland reached a peace agreement that ended decades of war. We hear from Paul Murphy, the junior minister for Northern Ireland at the time. Plus, a cross-community choir in Bosnia and women pioneers from the worlds of finance and oceanography.

PHOTO: Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern (L) and British Prime Minister Tony Blair (R) pose with the mediator

Peace in Northern Ireland; a cross-community Bosnian choir and a pioneering woman banker.

"Peace in Northern Ireland; a cross-community Bosnian choir and a pioneering woman banker.

In 1998, the political parties in Northern Ireland reached a peace agreement that ended decades of war. We hear from Paul Murphy, the junior minister for Northern Ireland at the time. Plus, a cross-community choir in Bosnia and women pioneers from the worlds of finance and oceanography.

PHOTO: Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern (L) and British Prime Minister Tony Blair (R) pose with the mediator

"

"

Peace in Northern Ireland; a cross-community Bosnian choir and a pioneering woman banker.

In 1998, the political parties in Northern Ireland reached a peace agreement that ended decades of war. We hear from Paul Murphy, the junior minister for Northern Ireland at the time. Plus, a cross-community choir in Bosnia and women pioneers from the worlds of finance and oceanography.

PHOTO: Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern (L) and British Prime Minister Tony Blair (R) pose with the mediator

PHOTO: Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern (L) and British Prime Minister Tony Blair (R) pose with the mediator

"

The Great Depression: One Man's Story2015103120151101 (WS)"Growing up in the Great Depression, Cuba's best ballerina and a Jewish enclave in USSR.

A story of growing up hungry in the Great Depression, Cuba's most famous ballerina, the special Jewish enclave in Soviet Siberia plus the birth of the UN, and the British man whose father and step-father both spied for Moscow.

Photo: unemployed men queue for work at a dockyard during the Great Depression (Credit:Fox Photos/Getty Images)

"

"Growing up in the Great Depression, Cuba's best ballerina and a Jewish enclave in USSR.

A story of growing up hungry in the Great Depression, Cuba's most famous ballerina, the special Jewish enclave in Soviet Siberia plus the birth of the UN, and the British man whose father and step-father both spied for Moscow.

Photo: unemployed men queue for work at a dockyard during the Great Depression (Credit:Fox Photos/Getty Images)

"

"Growing up in the Great Depression, Cuba's best ballerina and a Jewish enclave in USSR.

A story of growing up hungry in the Great Depression, Cuba's most famous ballerina, the special Jewish enclave in Soviet Siberia plus the birth of the UN, and the British man whose father and step-father both spied for Moscow.

Photo: unemployed men queue for work at a dockyard during the Great Depression (Credit:Fox Photos/Getty Images)

"

The Guerrilla Girls2020111420201117 (WS)In 1985 a group of anonymous female artists in New York began dressing up with gorilla masks on their heads and putting up fly-posters around the city's museums and galleries. We hear from two of the original Guerrilla Girls, who launched a campaign to demand greater representation for women and minorities in the art world. Also on the programme, the rarely heard voices of Africans who were forced to take sides in WW1; how Pluto lost its status as a planet, the invention of a revolutionary sign language, Makaton, in the 1970s, and changing 20th century theories of child rearing.

PHOTO: Some of the Guerrilla Girls in 1990 (Getty Images)

Fighting sexism and racism in the 1980s art world, plus Pluto is downgraded

The Gwangju Massacre2020053020200601 (WS)South Korea's Gwangju uprising; changing the way we eat; plus protecting Congo's forests

Forty years on from the Gwangju uprising in South Korea, the book that changed the way we eat, plus the dangers of being a Congolese conservationist. Also, revealing accounts of British wartime leader Winston Churchill from his doctor, and the pioneering African-American dress designer who designed Jackie Kennedy's wedding dress.

Photo: soldiers beating men in Gwangju in May 1980. Credit: 5.18 Memorial Foundation/AFP via Getty Images

The Hate Crime That Changed American Law2017100720171008 (WS)Why the brutal killing of a young gay man in Wyoming prompted change.

"Why the brutal killing of a young gay man in Wyoming prompted change.

Why the brutal killing of a young gay man in Wyoming prompted change, how white people came to terms with their past after segregation in deep south America, living alongside Israeli soldiers in Gaza, plus modern treasures uncovered in Iran and rediscovered Tudor treasures raised from the English seabed.

(Photo: Matthew Shepard with his parents, Judy and Dennis, on holiday at Yellowstone National Park. Courtesy of the Matthew Shepard Foundation)

"

The Heysel Stadium Disaster2015053020150531 (WS)"One of Europe's worst stadium disasters; housing segregation in the US; Italy in WW1

One of Europe's worst stadium disasters plus the Californian woman who ended segregation in the US housing market; Protect and Survive, the British government's booklet on how to survive a nuclear war; the Welsh pioneers in Patagonia and a soldiers account of the brutal Italian campaign fought in the Alps during World War One.

(*Some listeners might find some parts of this programme disturbing*)

Photo: Liverpool supporters before the European Cup Final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium, Brussels. (Credit: David Cannon/Allsport)

Photo: Liverpool supporters before the European Cup Final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium, Brussels. (Credit: David Cannon/Allsport)"

"One of Europe's worst stadium disasters; housing segregation in the US; Italy in WW1

One of Europe's worst stadium disasters plus the Californian woman who ended segregation in the US housing market; Protect and Survive, the British government's booklet on how to survive a nuclear war; the Welsh pioneers in Patagonia and a soldiers account of the brutal Italian campaign fought in the Alps during World War One.

(*Some listeners might find some parts of this programme disturbing*)

Photo: Liverpool supporters before the European Cup Final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium, Brussels. (Credit: David Cannon/Allsport)

"

The History Hour20170626"

Murder and conspiracy among Italy's elite, an Italian atrocity in 1930s Ethiopia, Christians in the Korean War, Japan hosts the first Body Worlds, and Asian Americans struggle against racism and violence in the 1980s.
Photo: Robert Calvi, head of Banco Ambrosiano, who was convicted of fraud but released on appeal shortly before his murder (Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

Murder and conspiracy among Italy's elite, an Italian atrocity in 1930s Ethiopia, Christians in the Korean War, Japan hosts the first Body Worlds, and Asian Americans struggle against racism and violence in the 1980s.
Photo: Robert Calvi, head of Banco Ambrosiano, who was convicted of fraud but released on appeal shortly before his murder (Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

The History Hour20170703"

In a tourism special we look at the original low-cost transatlantic airline, based in Iceland, the 1960s Hippie trail. Also the journey that led to the best selling Lonely Planet travel guides, political tensions caused by a luxury resort on the Red Sea and how Disney came to Europe.

(Photo: An Icelandic Airlines advertisement from May 1973, in New York's Fifth Avenue (US National Archives)

"

In a tourism special we look at the original low-cost transatlantic airline, based in Iceland, the 1960s Hippie trail. Also the journey that led to the best selling Lonely Planet travel guides, political tensions caused by a luxury resort on the Red Sea and how Disney came to Europe.

(Photo: An Icelandic Airlines advertisement from May 1973, in New York's Fifth Avenue (US National Archives)

"

The History Hour2021032020210323 (WS)The hunt to find the Jamaican drug lord wanted for extradition to the United States, the six men trapped in a simulated space ship for a year and a half, the mother of the Swedish welfare state, the New York drag scene of the 1990s and a classic cold war chess match which was much more than just a game.

With Max Pearson

(Jamaican police on patrol after a frenzy of gang and drug violence in Kingston, May 24 2010. Credit: Anthony Foster/Getty Images)

A Jamaican drug lord, New York's drag scene and cold war chess in the Soviet Union.

The History Hour2021032720210329 (WS)South Africa fights for cheaper drugs, slavery in Mauritania and a sex therapy legend.
The History Of Modern Tourism2017070120170702 (WS)The Icelandic firm that broke the mould in air travel, the Hippie trail and Euro Disney.

"The Icelandic firm that broke the mould in air travel, the Hippie trail and Euro Disney.

In a tourism special we look at the original low-cost transatlantic airline, based in Iceland, the 1960s Hippie trail. Also the journey that led to the best selling Lonely Planet travel guides, political tensions caused by a luxury resort on the Red Sea and how Disney came to Europe.

(Photo: An Icelandic Airlines advertisement from May 1973, in New York's Fifth Avenue (US National Archives)

"

The History Of The Black Box2015032820150329 (WS)"Australian David Warren invented flight recorders which give clues to why planes crash.

The man who invented in-flight recorders, John and Yoko in bed in Amsterdam, the Beeching report on Britain's railways, 20 years since the Latino popstar Selena died, and a pioneer in Tuberculosis research, Denny Mitchison, remembers.

Photo: The in-flight recorder from the Germanwings crash. Credit: Reuters.

Photo: The in-flight recorder from the Germanwings crash. Credit: Reuters."

"Australian David Warren invented flight recorders which give clues to why planes crash.

The man who invented in-flight recorders, John and Yoko in bed in Amsterdam, the Beeching report on Britain's railways, 20 years since the Latino popstar Selena died, and a pioneer in Tuberculosis research, Denny Mitchison, remembers.

Photo: The in-flight recorder from the Germanwings crash. Credit: Reuters.

"

The History Of The Volkswagen Beetle2020030720200310 (WS)How the British army helped rebuild the German car industry after WW2, plus the fight to ban leaded petrol, psychiatry as punishment in the USSR, striking South Asian women in 1970s Britain and 'Womenomics' in Japan.

Picture: Major Ivan Hirst (right) driving the 1000th Beetle off the production line at Wolfsburg in March 1946 (Credit: Volkswagen AG)

How the British army helped rebuild the German car industry after WW2.

The Hunt For Brca22014121320141214 (WS)"The search for a key 'cancer gene', Miles Davis' Kind of Blue and the Kyoto conference

"

"The search for a key 'cancer gene', Miles Davis' Kind of Blue and the Kyoto conference

"

The Imaginary War Heroes2016051420160515 (WS)During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened.

"During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened.

During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened. It was the story of a small ill-equipped unit who destroyed over a dozen German tanks, delaying the German advance on Moscow. But it's unlikely that they destroyed a single tank, despite being widely promoted as heroes, during and after the war. Dina Newman tells the story.

Photo: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev walks near World War Two veterans at a wreath-laying ceremony in Dubosekovo on May 7, 2010 during a visit to a memorial to the 28 Panfilov heroes. Credit: Dmitry Astakhov/AFP/Getty Images.

"

"During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened.

During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened. It was the story of a small ill-equipped unit who destroyed over a dozen German tanks, delaying the German advance on Moscow. But it's unlikely that they destroyed a single tank, despite being widely promoted as heroes, during and after the war. Dina Newman tells the story.

Photo: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev walks near World War Two veterans at a wreath-laying ceremony in Dubosekovo on May 7, 2010 during a visit to a memorial to the 28 Panfilov heroes. Credit: Dmitry Astakhov/AFP/Getty Images.

"

"During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened.

During World War Two, Soviet propaganda promoted a heroic feat that never happened. It was the story of a small ill-equipped unit who destroyed over a dozen German tanks, delaying the German advance on Moscow. But it's unlikely that they destroyed a single tank, despite being widely promoted as heroes, during and after the war. Dina Newman tells the story.

Photo: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev walks near World War Two veterans at a wreath-laying ceremony in Dubosekovo on May 7, 2010 during a visit to a memorial to the 28 Panfilov heroes. Credit: Dmitry Astakhov/AFP/Getty Images.

"

The Impeachment Of Bill Clinton2014011120140112 (WS)Sex and the American presidency; Mother Teresa; and the story behind 12 Years A Slave.

The Invention Of Liposuction2017050620170507 (WS)"The start of the cosmetic surgery industry; the Tajik Civil War; and Magnum photo agency

In the 1970s, Italian cosmetic surgeons Arpad and Giorgio Fischer developed the modern technique of liposuction, which involves sucking out fat from under the skin. The global cosmetic surgery industry is now booming and liposuction is one of the most popular procedures. Also in the programme, the little-known civil war in Tajikistan after the breakup of the Soviet Union, how French troops mutinied toward the end of World War One and the start of the legendary Magnum photo agency.

Photo: A doctor performs a liposuction at a hospital in Shanghai, China (Credit: AFP /LIU Jin)

"

The start of the cosmetic surgery industry; the Tajik Civil War; and Magnum photo agency

The Invention Of The Tank20160917The first tanks during WW1; Peru's Shining Path movement; America's 2001 anthrax attacks.

"The first tanks during WW1; the arrest of Abimael Guzman, leader of Peru's Shining Path movement; the discovery of the Lascaux cave paintings; the destruction of the ancient city of Smyrna; anthrax attacks in America after 9/11.

PICTURE: A British tank in France during World War I. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

"The first tanks during WW1; Peru's Shining Path movement; America's 2001 anthrax attacks.

The first tanks during WW1; the arrest of Abimael Guzman, leader of Peru's Shining Path movement; the discovery of the Lascaux cave paintings; the destruction of the ancient city of Smyrna; anthrax attacks in America after 9/11.

PICTURE: A British tank in France during World War I. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The Ira Hunger Strikes2021050820210510 (WS)The IRA hunger strikes of 1981 – Max Pearson hears from Suzanne Breen of the Belfast Telegraph about the impact of the hunger strikes in Northern Ireland. Plus, one man's story of surviving Guantanamo Bay, how a French winemaker exposed a wine fraudster, feminist science fiction pioneer Ursula Le Guin, and cannabis coffee shops in Amsterdam.

Hunger strikes in Northern Ireland, wine fraud, and feminist science fiction

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Iran Hostage Rescue Mission2015042520150426 (WS)"Operation Eagle Claw, the death of Einstein and the musical Carousel.

"

"Operation Eagle Claw, the death of Einstein and the musical Carousel.

"

The Iranian Revolution2019020220190205 (WS)In February 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile to Iran in the defining moment of a revolution that would change his country and the whole Middle East. In a special edition of the programme, Rebecca Kesby hears eye-witness accounts from the protestors who brought down the Shah, one of the Ayatollah's aides and an American embassy official taken hostage by Khomeini supporters. She also talks to the BBC Persian Service's special correspondent, Kasra Naji.

PHOTO: Ayatollah Khomeini returning to Iran (Gabriel Duval, AFP/Getty Images.)

Eye-witness accounts from the revolution that changed Iran and the World in 1979

"

In February 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile to Iran in the defining moment of a revolution that would change his country and the whole Middle East. In a special edition of the programme, Rebecca Kesby hears eye-witness accounts from the protestors who brought down the Shah, one of the Ayatollah's aides and an American embassy official taken hostage by Khomeini supporters. She also talks to the BBC Persian Service's special correspondent, Kasra Naji.

PHOTO: Ayatollah Khomeini returning to Iran (Gabriel Duval, AFP/Getty Images.)

Eye-witness accounts from the revolution that changed Iran and the World in 1979

"

"

In February 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile to Iran in the defining moment of a revolution that would change his country and the whole Middle East. In a special edition of the programme, Rebecca Kesby hears eye-witness accounts from the protestors who brought down the Shah, one of the Ayatollah's aides and an American embassy official taken hostage by Khomeini supporters. She also talks to the BBC Persian Service's special correspondent, Kasra Naji.

PHOTO: Ayatollah Khomeini returning to Iran (Gabriel Duval, AFP/Getty Images.)

Eye-witness accounts from the revolution that changed Iran and the World in 1979

"

The Iron Curtain2021030620210309 (WS)Churchill's Iron Curtain speech about the Cold War, the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa which radicalised many anti-apartheid movements and we hear from a man whose relatives were killed when police bombed the home of African-American radicals in the US. Plus how Nauru became a Pacific island limbo for asylum seekers and the first man to dive to the deepest point on the planet - the bottom of the Mariana Trench. We'll also hear from a BBC science correspondent about why we know more about space than the deepest depths of the ocean.

Photo: Winston Churchill at the podium delivering his "Iron Curtain" speech, at Westminster College in Fulton Missouri, 5th March 1946 (PA)

Churchill's Iron Curtain speech, South Africa's Sharpeville massacre and a deep dive.

The Khmer Rouge Enter Phnom Penh2013042020130422 (WS)"A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, a state funeral in London and 70 years of LSD. Presented by Max Pearson.

Photo: Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge fighters. AP Photo/Kyodo.

A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, and 70 years of LSD.

"

"A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, a state funeral in London and 70 years of LSD. Presented by Max Pearson.

Photo: Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge fighters. AP Photo/Kyodo.

A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, and 70 years of LSD."

"A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, and 70 years of LSD.

A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, a state funeral in London and 70 years of LSD. Presented by Max Pearson.

Photo: Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge fighters. AP Photo/Kyodo.

"

"A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, and 70 years of LSD.

A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, a state funeral in London and 70 years of LSD. Presented by Max Pearson.

Photo: Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge fighters. AP Photo/Kyodo."

"A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, and 70 years of LSD.

A survivor of the return to Year Zero in Cambodia, plus a WWI flyer, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, a state funeral in London and 70 years of LSD. Presented by Max Pearson.

Photo: Pol Pot leading Khmer Rouge fighters. AP Photo/Kyodo."

The Killing Of Osama Bin Laden2021050120210503 (WS)It is 10 years since the al-Qaeda leader was killed. We look at the US special forces operation that finally tracked him down to a city in northern Pakistan, the 1979 siege of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, one of the events that shaped his world view; we talk to a Western-based journalist who met him, hear from a survivor of the attacks on the US embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in 1998 and hear about the hunt for the al-Qaeda leader in the mountains of Afghanistan after 9/11.

(Photo: Osama Bin Laden. Credit:AFP/Getty Images)

The life and death of the al-Qaeda leader, the man behind the 9/11 attacks

The Killing Of Poet Roque Dalton2017052720170528 (WS)Murder of a radical writer; how Irish pubs saved the economy; Taiwan pop in culture war.

"Murder of a radical writer; how Irish pubs saved the economy; Taiwan pop in culture war.

The murder of a radical Salvadoran writer in May 1975, at the hands of his own comrades. Plus how Irish pubs saved the economy, Taiwanese pop in a culture war with China, Romanian Roma survivors of the Holocaust, and Pakistan's first nuclear test.

Photo: Roque Dalton receiving the Casa de las Américas prize for poetry in 1969.

"

The Killing Of The Russian Tsar2018072120180722 (WS)The murder of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, four daughters and young son in 1918, plus how the Soviet Union struggled to feed its people in the 1950s; also the IRA attacks on mounted troops in London's Hyde Park in 1982, the Zionist bombing of the British headquarters in Jerusalem in 1946 and the first steps towards a nuclear non-proliferation treaty.

(Photo: Nicholas II, Tsar and his family. From left to right - Olga, Maria,Tsar Nicholas II,Tsarina Alexandra, Anastasia, Tsarevitch Alexei and Tatiana. Credit: Press Association

The murder of Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, four daughters and young son in 1918.

"

The murder of Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, four daughters and young son in 1918.

The murder of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, four daughters and young son in 1918, plus how the Soviet Union struggled to feed its people in the 1950s; also the IRA attacks on mounted troops in London's Hyde Park in 1982, the Zionist bombing of the British headquarters in Jerusalem in 1946 and the first steps towards a nuclear non-proliferation treaty.

(Photo: Nicholas II, Tsar and his family. From left to right - Olga, Maria,Tsar Nicholas II,Tsarina Alexandra, Anastasia, Tsarevitch Alexei and Tatiana. Credit: Press Association

"

The Kindertransport Children2019083120190902 (WS)Around 10,000 children were sent by their parents to safety in the UK out of Nazi-dominated Europe in the run-up to the outbreak of WW2 in 1939. Many of the so-called Kindertransport children never saw their parents again. We hear from Dame Stephanie Shirley who arrived in London as a five-year-old girl.
Also, how the legendary singer Nina Simone went to live in Liberia, plus a key breakthrough in criminal forensics, the lynching of a black teenager that galvanised America's civil rights movement, and the murder of Mexican young women in the border town of Ciudad Juarez.

(Photo:Getty Images)

Children fleeing the Nazis, a breakthrough in criminal forensics, plus Nina Simone

The King Of Highlife2015091220150913 (WS)"West Africa's Highlife; the original TV boy band, and Egypt mourns Umm Kulthoum

The new style of dance band, Highlife music, that defined an era in West Africa; the original TV boy band; Noel Coward with the mob in Las Vegas, Nusrut Fateh Ali Khan, and how Egypt mourned Umm Kulthoum.

Photo: E.T Mensah and the Tempos band c.1955 Copyright: John Collins

"

"West Africa's Highlife; the original TV boy band, and Egypt mourns Umm Kulthoum

The new style of dance band, Highlife music, that defined an era in West Africa; the original TV boy band; Noel Coward with the mob in Las Vegas, Nusrut Fateh Ali Khan, and how Egypt mourned Umm Kulthoum.

Photo: E.T Mensah and the Tempos band c.1955 Copyright: John Collins

"

"West Africa's Highlife; the original TV boy band, and Egypt mourns Umm Kulthoum

The new style of dance band, Highlife music, that defined an era in West Africa; the original TV boy band; Noel Coward with the mob in Las Vegas, Nusrut Fateh Ali Khan, and how Egypt mourned Umm Kulthoum.

Photo: E.T Mensah and the Tempos band c.1955 Copyright: John Collins

"

The Kinsey Report Into Female Sexuality20130928Dr Kinsey's 1953 sex report; plus Chinese re-education and the Siege of Vukovar.
The Last Days Of Adolf Hitler20130504We hear from someone who was with him at the end, plus US Civil Rights, and Germany 1968

We hear from someone who was with him at the end in the underground bunker in Berlin, plus the role of children in the US Civil Rights movement, a pair of very unusual art collectors and student uprisings in Germany in 1968.

Photo: Getty Images

The Last Days Of Hitler2019020920190212 (WS)Life as Hitler's secretary; the killing of Che Guevara, and the Soweto Uprising
The Last King Of Bulgaria2018051220180513 (WS)From child king in the Second World War to post-communist prime minister, the story of Bulgaria's King Simeon II; the first ever surgery performed on a foetus in the womb, an American family selling secrets to the Soviets in the 1980s, plus the 1963 attempt to form a United States of Africa, and the earliest diagnosis of autism.

Photo: King Simeon II 1943 (credit: Bulgarian Royal Family)

From child king to prime minister, the story of Bulgaria's King Simeon II.

Photo: King Simeon II 1943 (credit: Bulgarian Royal Family)

"

The Last Survivor Of The Transatlantic Slave Trade2020042520200427 (WS)The grandson of the last US slave, Pakistan's welfare hero and the Deepwater disaster.

The grandson of the last surviving African-born US slave, plus the story behind the portable hospital breathing ventilator that was a precursor to those helping save coronavirus lives; also on the programme the Pakistani welfare hero, the deadly explosion which sent 130 million gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, and candid insights from one of America's greatest playwrights.

The Launch Of The Hubble Space Telescope2020032120200324 (WS)In 1990, NASA launched the historic mission which put into orbit the Hubble Space Telescope. The orbiting observatory has revolutionized astronomy and allowed us to peer deeper than ever before into the Universe. We hear from astronaut, Kathryn Sullivan. Plus, China's cure for malaria, the "Red Scare" in Hollywood in the 1940s and 50s, and a pioneering sexual harassment case at the US Supreme Court.

PHOTO: The Hubble Space Telescope (NASA)

Putting an observatory in space; China's cure for malaria; the "Red Scare" in Hollywood.

The Launch Of The Moral Majority2016061820160619 (WS)The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, Mount Pinatubo and TV in Bhutan.

"The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, the eruption of Mount Pinatubo, the fall of Paris to the Germans in 1940 and TV arrives in Bhutan - but not until 1999!

(Photo: Ronald Reagan with Richard Viguerie in Atlanta, Georgia, 1975, courtesy of ConservativeHQ.com)

The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, Mount Pinatubo and TV in Bhutan.

"

"The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, the eruption of Mount Pinatubo, the fall of Paris to the Germans in 1940 and TV arrives in Bhutan - but not until 1999!

(Photo: Ronald Reagan with Richard Viguerie in Atlanta, Georgia, 1975, courtesy of ConservativeHQ.com)

The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, Mount Pinatubo and TV in Bhutan.

"

"The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, Mount Pinatubo and TV in Bhutan.

The launch of the 'Moral Majority' in the USA, the eruption of Mount Pinatubo, the fall of Paris to the Germans in 1940 and TV arrives in Bhutan - but not until 1999!

(Photo: Ronald Reagan with Richard Viguerie in Atlanta, Georgia, 1975, courtesy of ConservativeHQ.com)

"

The Leningrad Symphony2015091920150920 (WS)"The concert in besieged Leningrad, Iranian revolutionary musicians, plus Miriam Makeba.

The concert by starving musicians in besieged Leningrad, Iranian musicians who battled the Shah, plus Miriam Makeba, Willie Nelson on Farm Aid, and the first ever Glastonbury Festival.

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh (""Leningrad"") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The concert in besieged Leningrad, Iranian revolutionary musicians, plus Miriam Makeba.

The concert by starving musicians in besieged Leningrad, Iranian musicians who battled the Shah, plus Miriam Makeba, Willie Nelson on Farm Aid, and the first ever Glastonbury Festival.

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh (""Leningrad"") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The concert in besieged Leningrad, Iranian revolutionary musicians, plus Miriam Makeba.

The concert by starving musicians in besieged Leningrad, Iranian musicians who battled the Shah, plus Miriam Makeba, Willie Nelson on Farm Aid, and the first ever Glastonbury Festival.

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh ("Leningrad") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh (""Leningrad"") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

"

"The concert in besieged Leningrad, Iranian revolutionary musicians, plus Miriam Makeba.

The concert by starving musicians in besieged Leningrad, Iranian musicians who battled the Shah, plus Miriam Makeba, Willie Nelson on Farm Aid, and the first ever Glastonbury Festival.

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh ("Leningrad") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

(Photo: Official Soviet picture of Dmitri Shostakovich working on his famous Seventh (""Leningrad"") Symphony. AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Mafia And Italian Politics2020100320201005 (WS)The trial which linked a senior Italian politician to the Mafia, the death of the charismatic Egyptian President - Gamal Abdel Nasser, a whale rescue which brought together cold war enemies, the German house which witnessed a century of change and the birth of Google.

Photo: Giulio Andreotti in 1983. Credit: Mondadori Portfolio/Getty Images

The trial which linked a senior Italian politician to the Mafia plus the birth of Google.

The Malayan Emergency2019050420190506 (WS)Battling a communist insurgency in 1950s Malaya, the sinking of the Belgrano during the UK Argentine conflict, plus how Ellen DeGeneres came out to millions on US TV, also the African who made the Arctic his home because of his fear of snakes and the life of WW1 poet Rupert Brooke.

Photo: A photograph taken by a British sergeant on patrol in the Malayan jungle.. (Copyright: Keystone/Getty Images)

Battling a communist insurgency in the 50s, sinking the Belgrano and the "Arctic African

Battling a communist insurgency in the 50s, sinking the Belgrano and the "Arctic African"

The Man Who Gave His Voice To Stephen Hawking2019113020191203 (WS)The story of the American scientist Dennis Klatt who pioneered synthesised speech. He used recordings of himself to make the sounds that gave physicist Stephen Hawking a voice. Plus India:struggling to live through economic shock treatment in the 1990s, also LEO the first electronic office system, the first confirmed case of AIDS in America and when Uluru, Australia's famous natural landmark was handed back to the control of the country's indigenous people.

(Photo: BOMBAY, INDIA: World-renowned physicist Stephen Hawking answers questions with the help of a voice synthesiser during a press conference at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Bombay, 06 January 2001. Credit AFP)

The scientist who pioneered synthesised speech. Plus the first US AIDS case..

The Man Who Inspired Britain's First Aids Charity2018120120181204 (WS)The first man in Britain to die of AIDS, whale hunting in the South Atlantic in the 1950s, how Norway voted not to join the EU, the American adventurer who inspired the Indiana Jones stories, and Saddam Hussein's draining of Iraq's southern marshes in a bid to flush out his opponents.

Picture: Terrence Higgins (Courtesy: Dr Rupert Whitaker)

The first British man to die of AIDS, 1950s whale hunting, and the real Indiana Jones

The first British man to die of AIDS, 1950s whale hunting, and the real Indiana Jones

The Manhattan Project2015071820150719 (WS)"First Atom bomb, poison gas in 1915, survivng sharks in WW2 and Uruguay's hero Ghiggia

"

"First Atom bomb, poison gas in 1915, survivng sharks in WW2 and Uruguay's hero Ghiggia

"

The Marsh Arabs2014111520141116 (WS)"The destruction of Iraq's marshes by Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs. And, we hear of the Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the white minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960s Rhodesia.

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs, we'll hear of Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the White minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960's Rhodesia.

"

"The destruction of Iraq's marshes by Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs. And, we hear of the Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the white minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960s Rhodesia.

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs, we'll hear of Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the White minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960's Rhodesia."

"The destruction of Iraq's marshes by Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs. And, we hear of the Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the white minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960s Rhodesia.

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs, we'll hear of Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the White minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960's Rhodesia.

"

"The destruction of Iraq's marshes by Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs. And, we hear of the Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the white minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960s Rhodesia.

Saddam Hussein's terrible revenge on Iraq's Marsh Arabs, we'll hear of Soviet spies operating in British suburbia, the diamond find that changed Botswana's fortunes and the White minority's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1960's Rhodesia."

The Mass Exodus Of Algeria's 'pieds Noirs'2019081020190812 (WS)The French colonialists who returned to France after decades in Algeria, the Catholic welcome when the British army was first deployed to Northern Ireland, plus the US nuclear submarine that went under the north pole, Britain's last battle in China in WW2 and the introduction of Community Service to help relieve overcrowded prisons.

(Photo: French repatriates leaving Algeria May 1962. (Photo by REPORTERS ASSOCIES/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Why French returnees from the colony of Algeria were ostracised after independence.

The Mayak Nuclear Disaster2016100120161002 (WS)A nuclear disaster, America's worst prison riot, World War Two internment and apartheid

"One of the world's worst nuclear disasters, the most notorious prison riot in America, Second World War internment in Australia, resistance in apartheid South Africa, and one of Britain's most celebrated artists, Stanley Spencer, through the eyes of his daughters.

Photo: The Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in 2010. Credit: European Pressphoto Agency

A nuclear disaster, America's worst prison riot, World War Two internment and apartheid

"

"One of the world's worst nuclear disasters, the most notorious prison riot in America, Second World War internment in Australia, resistance in apartheid South Africa, and one of Britain's most celebrated artists, Stanley Spencer, through the eyes of his daughters.

Photo: The Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in 2010. Credit: European Pressphoto Agency

A nuclear disaster, America's worst prison riot, World War Two internment and apartheid

"

"A nuclear disaster, America's worst prison riot, World War Two internment and apartheid

One of the world's worst nuclear disasters, the most notorious prison riot in America, Second World War internment in Australia, resistance in apartheid South Africa, and one of Britain's most celebrated artists, Stanley Spencer, through the eyes of his daughters.

Photo: The Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in 2010. Credit: European Pressphoto Agency

"

"A nuclear disaster, America's worst prison riot, World War Two internment and apartheid

One of the world's worst nuclear disasters, the most notorious prison riot in America, Second World War internment in Australia, resistance in apartheid South Africa, and one of Britain's most celebrated artists, Stanley Spencer, through the eyes of his daughters.

Photo: The Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in 2010. Credit: European Pressphoto Agency

"

The Mexican American War2016090320160904 (WS)We hear about the lowest point in US-Mexican relations, plus the last case of Smallpox.

"We hear about the lowest point in US-Mexican relations, plus the last case of Smallpox.

The American war against Mexico in the 19th century, the demise of an Islamic kingdom in Central Asia, the last ever case of Smallpox, 30 years of the Burning Man festival in the desert and the moment when Sweden switched from driving on the left to the right.

(Photo: General Scott's entrance into Mexico City. Hand coloured lithograph. Credit: Adolphe Jean-Baptiste Bayot)

"

"We hear about the lowest point in US-Mexican relations, plus the last case of Smallpox.

The American war against Mexico in the 19th century, the demise of an Islamic kingdom in Central Asia, the last ever case of Smallpox, 30 years of the Burning Man festival in the desert and the moment when Sweden switched from driving on the left to the right.

(Photo: General Scott's entrance into Mexico City. Hand coloured lithograph. Credit: Adolphe Jean-Baptiste Bayot)

"

"We hear about the lowest point in US-Mexican relations, plus the last case of Smallpox.

The American war against Mexico in the 19th century, the demise of an Islamic kingdom in Central Asia, the last ever case of Smallpox, 30 years of the Burning Man festival in the desert and the moment when Sweden switched from driving on the left to the right.

(Photo: General Scott's entrance into Mexico City. Hand coloured lithograph. Credit: Adolphe Jean-Baptiste Bayot)

"

The Million Man March2020072520200727 (WS)On 16th October 1995 hundreds of thousands of black American men marched on Washington D.C. in an attempt to put black issues back on the government agenda. We hear from one woman who went on the march. Plus the first women's refuge opens in Afghanistan, the son of the man behind the failed plot to kill Hitler in 1944, campaigning to protect the Borneo rain forest, and the world's fastest vaccine maker.

(Photo:The Million Man March, Credit:TIM SLOAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Black Americans march on Washington, and the first Afghan women's refuge.

The Miss World Protest2014030820140309 (WS)"Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970.

Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970. Also, Ghanaian WW2 veterans shot by British police in 1948, the Soviet probe sent to Halley's Comet in 1986, the British miners' strike, and the rise of Transcendental Meditation in the West.

Photo: Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

"Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970.

Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970. Also, Ghanaian WW2 veterans shot by British police in 1948, the Soviet probe sent to Halley's Comet in 1986, the British miners' strike, and the rise of Transcendental Meditation in the West.

Photo: Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

"Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970.

Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970. Also, Ghanaian WW2 veterans shot by British police in 1948, the Soviet probe sent to Halley's Comet in 1986, the British miners' strike, and the rise of Transcendental Meditation in the West.

Photo: Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

"Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970.

Feminist protesters storm the stage at the Miss World beauty pageant in 1970. Also, Ghanaian WW2 veterans shot by British police in 1948, the Soviet probe sent to Halley's Comet in 1986, the British miners' strike, and the rise of Transcendental Meditation in the West.

Photo: Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

The Munich Air Disaster2018021020180211 (WS)The plane crash that killed eight of Manchester United's top players, the courage of the British Suffragettes, uncovering South Africa's nuclear secrets, plus tracking down Nazis in South America and the attack on a South Korean airliner ahead of the Seoul Olympics.

(Photo: Plane wreckage at Munich airport - AFP/Getty Images)

The plane crash that killed eight of Manchester United's "Busby Babes" in 1958.

(Photo: Plane wreckage at Munich airport - AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Munich Air Disaster20180211The plane crash that killed eight of Manchester United's ""Busby Babes"" in 1958.

The plane crash that killed eight of Manchester United's top players, the courage of the British Suffragettes, uncovering South Africa's nuclear secrets, plus tracking down Nazis in South America and the attack on a South Korean airliner ahead of the Seoul Olympics.

(Photo: Plane wreckage at Munich airport - AFP/Getty Images)

The Murder Of Daniel Pearl2015022120150222 (WS)"The killing of the US journalist in Pakistan, Martha Gellhorn, and the Bee Gees.

"

"The killing of the US journalist in Pakistan, Martha Gellhorn, and the Bee Gees.

"

The Mysterious Death Of An Mp In Kenya2015031420150315 (WS)JM Kariuki's murder in Kenya plus Jackie Kennedy's secret romance with Aristotle Onassis

40 years ago a Kenyan MP Josiah Mwangi Kariuki disappeared in mysterious circumstances. His widow has been speaking to Witness about how she finally confirmed that he'd been killed. Also Jackie Kennedy's secret romance with Aristotle Onassis and the haunting story of how Serb forces hunted down a Kosovan independence leader.

(Photo: Kenyan politician JM Kariuki. Credit: Alamy)

The Mystery Of The Disappearing Frogs2020012520200128 (WS)This week we're looking at extinction. The deadly fungus that's killing amphibians, the story of the Dodo, plus why discovering that whales 'sing' helped to save them. Also, the book that changed attitudes to the environment and the 'Frozen Zoo' that aims to preserve endangered DNA for future generations.

(Photo: dead frog infected with Chytrid Fungus. Credit: Forrest Brem)

How scientists discovered that a deadly fungus was killing off amphibians.

The Nairobi Embassy Bombing2016081320160814 (WS)A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda attack, Man on Wire, the Krays and digging up Masada

"A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda's first major attack, plus Man on Wire above New York, 1960s London gangsters The Krays , digging up Israel's history at Masada and post-war forced deportations to the USSR

Photo: Rescue workers at the scene of the Nairobi embassy bombing (AFP/Getty Images)

A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda attack, Man on Wire, the Krays and digging up Masada

"

"A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda's first major attack, plus Man on Wire above New York, 1960s London gangsters The Krays , digging up Israel's history at Masada and post-war forced deportations to the USSR

Photo: Rescue workers at the scene of the Nairobi embassy bombing (AFP/Getty Images)

A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda attack, Man on Wire, the Krays and digging up Masada

"

"A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda attack, Man on Wire, the Krays and digging up Masada

A Kenyan hero who survived al Qaeda's first major attack, plus Man on Wire above New York, 1960s London gangsters The Krays , digging up Israel's history at Masada and post-war forced deportations to the USSR

Photo: Rescue workers at the scene of the Nairobi embassy bombing (AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Nazi Black Book2018101320181014 (WS)The Nazi arrest list for Britain, wartime Austria, and anti-traveller riots in Sweden

"The Nazi arrest list for Britain, wartime Austria, and anti-traveller riots in Sweden

"

"The Nazi arrest list for Britain, wartime Austria, and anti-traveller riots in Sweden

"

The Nestle Boycott2016071620160717 (WS)1970s consumer pressure on big business, plus child refugees from 80 years ago.

"In the 1970s consumer pressure forced big business to change the way it marketed powdered baby milk in developing countries. Plus, we hear from a child refugee who escaped the Spanish Civil War 80 years ago, a survivor of the 2006 Mumbai train bombings, and stories and songs from an uprising in Central Asia a century ago.

Photo: Mother and baby feeding in Kenya 1975. Credit BBC Panorama.

1970s consumer pressure on big business, plus child refugees from 80 years ago.

"

"In the 1970s consumer pressure forced big business to change the way it marketed powdered baby milk in developing countries. Plus, we hear from a child refugee who escaped the Spanish Civil War 80 years ago, a survivor of the 2006 Mumbai train bombings, and stories and songs from an uprising in Central Asia a century ago.

Photo: Mother and baby feeding in Kenya 1975. Credit BBC Panorama.

1970s consumer pressure on big business, plus child refugees from 80 years ago.

"

"1970s consumer pressure on big business, plus child refugees from 80 years ago.

In the 1970s consumer pressure forced big business to change the way it marketed powdered baby milk in developing countries. Plus, we hear from a child refugee who escaped the Spanish Civil War 80 years ago, a survivor of the 2006 Mumbai train bombings, and stories and songs from an uprising in Central Asia a century ago.

Photo: Mother and baby feeding in Kenya 1975. Credit BBC Panorama.

"

The Nuremberg Trials2014112220141123 (WS)"The last Nazi prosecutor, priests murdered in El Salvador, Mitterand's secret daughter

The last Nazi trial prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz, priests murdered in El Salvador, Mitterand's secret daughter, Saddam Hussein's defence lawyer and Quentin Crisp - an Englishman in New York.

(Photo: Chief prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz presents evidence during the Einsatzgruppen (death squads) trial. Ferencz is flanked by German lawyers for two of the defendants. Credit: US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin Ferencz)

(Photo: Chief prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz presents evidence during the Einsatzgruppen (death squads) trial. Ferencz is flanked by German lawyers for two of the defendants. Credit: US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin Ferencz)"

"The last Nazi prosecutor, priests murdered in El Salvador, Mitterand's secret daughter

The last Nazi trial prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz, priests murdered in El Salvador, Mitterand's secret daughter, Saddam Hussein's defence lawyer and Quentin Crisp - an Englishman in New York.

(Photo: Chief prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz presents evidence during the Einsatzgruppen (death squads) trial. Ferencz is flanked by German lawyers for two of the defendants. Credit: US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin Ferencz)

"

The October Crisis In Canada2015101720151018 (WS)"Quebec separatists in 1970, Nurse Cavell executed in WW1, Russians in Shanghai

(Photo: A soldier guarding a street corner in Montreal in October 1970. Credit: Associated Press)

"

"Quebec separatists in 1970, Nurse Cavell executed in WW1, Russians in Shanghai

(Photo: A soldier guarding a street corner in Montreal in October 1970. Credit: Associated Press)

"

The Oka Crisis2017071520170716 (WS)A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people, the birth of UKIP and Rave.

"A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people, the birth of UKIP and Rave.

A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people as Mohawks take on the developers, the birth of UKIP in Britain, memories of the poet Irina Ratushinskaya who died earlier this month - plus dance music with ballet star Nureyev's defection and illegal raving in England's countryside.

(PHOTO: A Mohawk activist confronts a soldier. Credit: IATV NEWS)

(PHOTO: A Mohawk activist confronts a soldier. Credit: IATV NEWS)"

"A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people, the birth of UKIP and Rave.

A watershed moment for Canada's indigenous people as Mohawks take on the developers, the birth of UKIP in Britain, memories of the poet Irina Ratushinskaya who died earlier this month - plus dance music with ballet star Nureyev's defection and illegal raving in England's countryside.

(PHOTO: A Mohawk activist confronts a soldier. Credit: IATV NEWS)

"

The Oklahoma Bomber20130608"Inside the mind of Timothy McVeigh, plus Stalin's gulag, and a royal massacre in Nepal.

"Inside the mind of Timothy McVeigh, plus Stalin's gulag, and a royal massacre in Nepal.

"

The Omagh Bombing20130817"Worst single attack in N. Ireland conflict; scientists flee Nazi Germany; Stanley Kubrick

In this week's episode: The deadliest single attack in the Northern Ireland conflict; scientists flee Nazi Germany; conflict in Congo, plus potato beetles as Cold War weapons and working with Stanley Kubrick.

Photo: Omagh town centre after the bombing. AP"

"Worst single attack in N. Ireland conflict; scientists flee Nazi Germany; Stanley Kubrick

In this week's episode: The deadliest single attack in the Northern Ireland conflict; scientists flee Nazi Germany; conflict in Congo, plus potato beetles as Cold War weapons and working with Stanley Kubrick.

Photo: Omagh town centre after the bombing. AP"

The Original Revolutionary Feminist2016031220160313 (WS)Feminism in the 20th century, poisoning in the Balkans, and a miscarriage of justice

"Russia's revolutionary feminist, British women after the First World War, poisoning in the Balkans, a miscarriage of justice in Britain, and the world's worst aviation disaster

Feminism in the 20th century, poisoning in the Balkans, and a miscarriage of justice

"

"Russia's revolutionary feminist, British women after the First World War, poisoning in the Balkans, a miscarriage of justice in Britain, and the world's worst aviation disaster

Feminism in the 20th century, poisoning in the Balkans, and a miscarriage of justice

"

"Feminism in the 20th century, poisoning in the Balkans, and a miscarriage of justice

Russia's revolutionary feminist, British women after the First World War, poisoning in the Balkans, a miscarriage of justice in Britain, and the world's worst aviation disaster

"

The Oslo Peace Talks2018042820180429 (WS)The story behind the secret Israeli-Palestinian peace talks in Oslo in 1993, the woman who swam from the USA to the Soviet Union, plus remembering Pablo Picasso, how art transformed notorious Scottish prisoners, and one of the most famous figures of World War One, the Red Baron.
Photo: Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat at the signing ceremony for the Oslo Accord, September 13,1993. Credit: AFP/Getty Images

Secret attempt at Mid-East peace, remembering Pablo Picasso, the death of the Red Baron.

"Secret attempt at Mid-East peace, remembering Pablo Picasso, the death of the Red Baron.

The story behind the secret Israeli-Palestinian peace talks in Oslo in 1993, the woman who swam from the USA to the Soviet Union, plus remembering Pablo Picasso, how art transformed notorious Scottish prisoners, and one of the most famous figures of World War One, the Red Baron.
Photo: Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat at the signing ceremony for the Oslo Accord, September 13,1993. Credit: AFP/Getty Images

"

The Outbreak Of World War One2014080220140803 (WS)"Witnesses to the start of WW1, the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, plus meeting Martha Stewart in jail, The Comet - the world's first jet airliner and Christian, the pet lion.

Witnesses to the start of WW1, The Comet, Martha Stewart in jail and Christian the lion

"

"Witnesses to the start of WW1, the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, plus meeting Martha Stewart in jail, The Comet - the world's first jet airliner and Christian, the pet lion.

Witnesses to the start of WW1, The Comet, Martha Stewart in jail and Christian the lion

"

"Witnesses to the start of WW1, The Comet, Martha Stewart in jail and Christian the lion

Witnesses to the start of WW1, the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, plus meeting Martha Stewart in jail, The Comet - the world's first jet airliner and Christian, the pet lion.

"

The Outbreak Of World War Two2019090720190909 (WS)On September 1st 1939 German forces invaded Poland. Douglas Slocombe, a British cameraman, was there at the time and filmed the build-up to the war. Also the man who resisted the Sicilian Mafia in the 1990s plus the first all-female peacekeeping force, the defining trial of holocaust denial and why Apollo 11's astronauts were put in quarantine after their historic landing on the moon.

(Image: German citizens in Gdansk (also known as Danzig) welcoming German troops during the invasion of Poland on September 3rd 1939. Credit:EPA/National Digital Archive Poland.)

Eyewitness account of the Nazi invasion of Poland and the first all-female peacekeepers.

The Pentagon Papers20130615The 1971 leak of Vietnam war secrets; Nigeria's president who never was; and much more
The Pitcairn Sex Abuse Trial2016111220161113 (WS)Alleged sex abuse on a remote island, a controversial Kurdish song, men versus computers

"Alleged sex abuse on a remote island, a controversial Kurdish song, men versus computers

"

The Pitcairn Sex Abuse Trial20161113"Alleged sex abuse on a remote island, a controversial Kurdish song, men versus computers

A mass child sex abuse trial on a remote island in the Pacific that shocked the world, a controversial Kurdish song, the birth of Rolling Stone magazine, men versus computers, and street fighting in San Salvador in the 1980s

Photo: Adamstown, seen in this June 2003 photo of Pitcairn Island (AP)

"Alleged sex abuse on a remote island, a controversial Kurdish song, men versus computers

A mass child sex abuse trial on a remote island in the Pacific that shocked the world, a controversial Kurdish song, the birth of Rolling Stone magazine, men versus computers, and street fighting in San Salvador in the 1980s

Photo: Adamstown, seen in this June 2003 photo of Pitcairn Island (AP)

"

The Plot To Kill Hitler2014071920140720 (WS)"The son of the man who tried to kill Hitler, Chappaquiddick and remembering Frida Kahlo.

"

"The son of the man who tried to kill Hitler, Chappaquiddick and remembering Frida Kahlo.

"

The Poisoning Of Litvinenko2017120220171203 (WS)The murder of a former Russian spy, El Salvador's Civil War, and an oil spill in Spain.

"The murder of a former Russian spy, El Salvador's Civil War, and an oil spill in Spain.

In November 2006, the world was shocked by the murder in London of former Russian intelligence officer, Alexander Litvinenko. We hear from his widow Marina about his life and agonising death, and get an analysis of the case from Luke Harding, author of "A Very Expensive Poison". Also in the programme, an astonishing assassination plot during El Salvador's Civil War, a huge oil spill in Spain, and the purpose-built city in Siberia which was home to the Soviet Union's best scientists.

(PHOTO: Alexander Litvinenko in a London hospital a couple of days before his death in November 2006. Credit Getty Images.)

"

The Poisoning Of Litvinenko20171203"The murder of a former Russian spy, El Salvador's Civil War, and an oil spill in Spain.

In November 2006, the world was shocked by the murder in London of former Russian intelligence officer, Alexander Litvinenko. We hear from his widow Marina about his life and agonising death, and get an analysis of the case from Luke Harding, author of "A Very Expensive Poison". Also in the programme, an astonishing assassination plot during El Salvador's Civil War, a huge oil spill in Spain, and the purpose-built city in Siberia which was home to the Soviet Union's best scientists.

(PHOTO: Alexander Litvinenko in a London hospital a couple of days before his death in November 2006. Credit Getty Images.)

"

The Port Arthur Massacre2014050320140504 (WS)"Killings that changed Australia; China's Long March, and the death of Mussolini

"

"Killings that changed Australia; China's Long March, and the death of Mussolini

"

The Publication Of Harry Potter2020021520200218 (WS)A look back at some of the most influential books of modern times, including an interview with the publisher who first spotted Harry Potter's potential. Plus, Chairman Mao's Little Red Book, Erica Jong's Fear of Flying, Brazilian bestseller Diary of a Favela, and dating handbook The Rules.

Picture: JK Rowling signs copies of the final Harry Potter book "Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows" at the Natural History Museum in London, 2007. (Justin Goff\UK Press via Getty Images)

The origins of the boy wizard, plus Mao's Little Red Book and Erica Jong's Fear of Flying

Picture: JK Rowling signs copies of the final Harry Potter book "Harry Potter And The Deadly Hallows" at the Natural History Museum in London, 2007. (Justin Goff\UK Press via Getty Images)

The Return Of The Wolf2019082420190826 (WS)Why the wolf was brought back to the US in the 1990s and the history of "rewilding", plus the liberation of Paris 75 years on, the missing children from El Salvador's civil war, the life and death of Brazil's legendary president Vargas, and the man who wanted to be a cyborg.

Photo:.A Yellowstone wolf watches biologists after being tranquilized and fitted with a radio collar during wolf collaring operations in Yellowstone National Park (William Campbell/Sygma via Getty Images)

Restoring the wolf in the US, the liberation of Paris and El Salvador's lost children

The Rise Of Hindu Nationalism2019041320190415 (WS)A religious rally called the Rath Yatra in 1990 championed militant Hinduism in India.
The River That Caught Fire2014062120140622 (WS)"The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari, Hungary's revolutionary martyr - plus the detective at the heart of the OJ Simpson car chase.

(Photo: Cuyahoga River. Credit: BBC)

"

"The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari, Hungary's revolutionary martyr - plus the detective at the heart of the OJ Simpson car chase.

(Photo: Cuyahoga River. Credit: BBC)

"

"The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari, Hungary's revolutionary martyr - plus the detective at the heart of the OJ Simpson car chase.

(Photo: Cuyahoga River. Credit: BBC)

"

"The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari and the OJ Simpson car chase.

The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari, Hungary's revolutionary martyr - plus the detective at the heart of the OJ Simpson car chase.

(Photo: Cuyahoga River. Credit: BBC)

"

"The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari and the OJ Simpson car chase.

The US river that burst into flames, Russia's Mata Hari, Hungary's revolutionary martyr - plus the detective at the heart of the OJ Simpson car chase.

(Photo: Cuyahoga River. Credit: BBC)

"

The Romanian Revolution2019122120191224 (WS)In this edition the fall of the Ceaușescus in Romania in December 1989, a global panic over bees in the early 2000s and WW2 black GIs finally recognised decades after the war. Plus the building of Abuja as Nigeria's capital and a woman's right to pray in some Hindu temples in India.

(Photo: The army join the revolutionaries in Romania 1989. Credit: Getty Images)

In December 1989 a wave of protests finally deposed communist dictator Nicolae Ceau\u0219escu.

The Roswell Incident2017070820170709 (WS)In July 1947 a US rancher found debris which some believe came from an alien spacecraft.

"In July 1947 a US rancher found debris which some believe came from an alien spacecraft.

In July 1947 a US rancher found some debris in the New Mexico desert - did it come from an alien spacecraft? Witness hears from the son of one of the US servicemen who investigated the incident, and from Dr David Clarke, expert on UFO history at Sheffield Hallam University.

Plus the first Tamil suicide bombing; a hoard of Anglo-Saxon treasure discovered in an English field; a sex scandal in the USSR during perestroika; and the first non-stop journey around the world in a hot air balloon.

PHOTO: Major Jesse Marcel at Fort Worth, Texas with balloon debris from the Roswell incident - copyright Alamy

PHOTO: Major Jesse Marcel at Fort Worth, Texas with balloon debris from the Roswell incident - copyright Alamy"

"In July 1947 a US rancher found debris which some believe came from an alien spacecraft.

In July 1947 a US rancher found some debris in the New Mexico desert - did it come from an alien spacecraft? Witness hears from the son of one of the US servicemen who investigated the incident, and from Dr David Clarke, expert on UFO history at Sheffield Hallam University.

Plus the first Tamil suicide bombing; a hoard of Anglo-Saxon treasure discovered in an English field; a sex scandal in the USSR during perestroika; and the first non-stop journey around the world in a hot air balloon.

PHOTO: Major Jesse Marcel at Fort Worth, Texas with balloon debris from the Roswell incident - copyright Alamy

"

The Russian Revolution2015110720151108 (WS)"Bolsheviks take power in Russia, the battle of El Alamein, and Britain's last executioner

The Russian revolution as remembered by Alexander Kerensky, leader of the government overthrown by the Bolsheviks; the Jarrow Crusade during the Great Depression; the Green March in the Sahara desert; WW2's battle of El Alamein; and Britain's last executioner.

Photo: Demonstrators gather in front of the Winter Palace in Petrograd, formerly St Petersburg, during the 1917 Russian Revolution. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

"as remembered by Alexander Kerensky, leader of the government overthrown by the Bolsheviks; the Jarrow Crusade during the Great Depression; the Green March in the Sahara desert; WW2's battle of El Alamein; and Britain's last executioner.

Photo: Demonstrators gather in front of the Winter Palace in Petrograd, formerly St Petersburg, during the 1917 Russian Revolution. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Bolsheviks take power in Russia, the battle of El Alamein, and Britain's last executioner

"

"as remembered by Alexander Kerensky, leader of the government overthrown by the Bolsheviks; the Jarrow Crusade during the Great Depression; the Green March in the Sahara desert; WW2's battle of El Alamein; and Britain's last executioner.

Photo: Demonstrators gather in front of the Winter Palace in Petrograd, formerly St Petersburg, during the 1917 Russian Revolution. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Bolsheviks take power in Russia, the battle of El Alamein, and Britain's last executioner

"

The Russian Revolution: The Bolsheviks Take Control2017111120171112 (WS)Voices from the Russian Revolution; the first dog in space; and the songbird of Lebanon

"Voices from the Russian Revolution; the first dog in space; and the songbird of Lebanon

Eye-witness accounts from the Russian Revolution of October 1917; the first dog in space; Sabah, one of the biggest 20th-century stars of the Middle East; the last journalist to interview Osama Bin Laden; and horror and heartbreak: memories of the First World War.

Picture: Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin addressing crowds in the capital Petrograd during the Russian Revolution of 1917. (Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The Russian Revolution: The Bolsheviks Take Control20171112"Voices from the Russian Revolution; the first dog in space; and the songbird of Lebanon

Eye-witness accounts from the Russian Revolution of October 1917; the first dog in space; Sabah, one of the biggest 20th-century stars of the Middle East; the last journalist to interview Osama Bin Laden; and horror and heartbreak: memories of the First World War.

Picture: Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin addressing crowds in the capital Petrograd during the Russian Revolution of 1917. (Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The Second World War In Japan2020080820200810 (WS)It's 75 years this week since the dropping of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which led to Japan's surrender to Allied forces and the end of the Second World War. We hear first-hand accounts of military turning points in the Pacific including the attack on Pearl Harbour and the Battle of Midway, and historian Ian Buruma explains the context for Japan's attack on the US. We also hear about the impact of the atomic bomb in Nagasaki on civilians, about Japanese-American citizens imprisoned in internment camps in the US, and about the writing of Japan's post-war constitution.

Picture: Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki after bombing by atomic bomb on 9th August 1945 ( US Air Force photo/PA)

It's 75 years since the US dropped atomic bombs on Japan, leading to the end of WW2.

The Siege At Ruby Ridge2020082220200824 (WS)Randy Weaver was a white separatist in Idaho in the north-west United States who was wanted by the government on firearms charges. When government agents approached his remote cabin on Ruby Ridge in August 1992, it was the start of an eleven day siege involving hundreds of police officers – which ended with the deaths of Weaver's wife and teenage son, along with a US marshal. The incident would become a touchstone for the American far right.

Plus, growing up with Saddam Hussein, the invention of the asthma inhaler and digging up King Richard III of England.

PHOTO: Randy Weaver (C) shows a model of his Ruby Ridge, Idaho cabin to US Senator Arlen Specter, R-PA, during Senate hearings investigating the events surrounding the 1992 standoff with federal agents (PAMELA PRICE/AFP via Getty Images).

The standoff that galvanised the US far-right; plus, growing up with Saddam Hussein.

The Siege Of Dien Bien Phu2016052120160522 (WS)French forces surrender in Vietnam; the filming of Citizen Kane; the 1968 Paris riots.

"French forces surrender in Vietnam; the filming of Citizen Kane; the 1968 Paris riots.

French forces surrender in Vietnam after the battle of Dien Bien Phu, signalling the end of French colonialism in Indochina. Plus, Marcus Garvey's black nationalism; the filming of Citizen Kane; Maori rights; and the 1968 riots in Paris.

(Photo: a French military Red Cross helicopter preparing to land, while French soldiers try to defend their positions in Dien Bien Phu against the Viet Minh, 23 March 1954. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

"French forces surrender in Vietnam; the filming of Citizen Kane; the 1968 Paris riots.

French forces surrender in Vietnam after the battle of Dien Bien Phu, signalling the end of French colonialism in Indochina. Plus, Marcus Garvey's black nationalism; the filming of Citizen Kane; Maori rights; and the 1968 riots in Paris.

(Photo: a French military Red Cross helicopter preparing to land, while French soldiers try to defend their positions in Dien Bien Phu against the Viet Minh, 23 March 1954. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

"French forces surrender in Vietnam; the filming of Citizen Kane; the 1968 Paris riots.

French forces surrender in Vietnam after the battle of Dien Bien Phu, signalling the end of French colonialism in Indochina. Plus, Marcus Garvey's black nationalism; the filming of Citizen Kane; Maori rights; and the 1968 riots in Paris.

(Photo: a French military Red Cross helicopter preparing to land, while French soldiers try to defend their positions in Dien Bien Phu against the Viet Minh, 23 March 1954. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Siege Of Mecca2017112520171126 (WS)The 1979 battle for the holiest site in Islam; Vietnam's deadly coup; prosecuting Manson

"The 1979 battle for the holiest site in Islam; Vietnam's deadly coup; prosecuting Manson

The secret battle for the holiest site in Islam in 1979; the coup that changed the Vietnam war, plus an East German musical icon, prosecuting Charles Manson and Toy Story's digital revolution.
Photo: Fighting at the Grand Mosque in Mecca after militants seized control of the shrine, November 1979 (AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Siege Of Mecca20171126"The 1979 battle for the holiest site in Islam; Vietnam's deadly coup; prosecuting Manson

The secret battle for the holiest site in Islam in 1979; the coup that changed the Vietnam war, plus an East German musical icon, prosecuting Charles Manson and Toy Story's digital revolution.
Photo: Fighting at the Grand Mosque in Mecca after militants seized control of the shrine, November 1979 (AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Six Day War 19672017061020170611 (WS)Soldiers from both sides on the battle for Jerusalem; plus Robert Kennedy's assassination

Soldiers from both sides on the battle for Jerusalem; plus Robert Kennedy's assassination

The Skull Valley Sheep Kill2018032420180325 (WS)Thousands of sheep die next to a US chemical weapons testing ground in 1968, plus Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time, also Elvis in the army and the assassination of a presidential candidate in Mexico.

Photo: Two farmers checking the corpses of dead sheep on a farm ranch, possibly connected to a chemical and biological warfare testing at Dugway Proving Ground, March 1968; credit: Rolls Press/Popperfoto/Getty Images

Thousands of sheep die next to a US chemical weapons testing ground.

"Thousands of sheep die next to a US chemical weapons testing ground.

Thousands of sheep die next to a US chemical weapons testing ground in 1968, plus Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time, also Elvis in the army and the assassination of a presidential candidate in Mexico.

Photo: Two farmers checking the corpses of dead sheep on a farm ranch, possibly connected to a chemical and biological warfare testing at Dugway Proving Ground, March 1968; credit: Rolls Press/Popperfoto/Getty Images

"

The Sophiatown Removals2015021420150215 (WS)"How the South African government destroyed a mixed-race suburb, plus Dresden and Minamata

"

"How the South African government destroyed a mixed-race suburb, plus Dresden and Minamata

"

The Soviet Invasion Of Afghanistan2019122820191231 (WS)On 24th December 1979 Soviet troops poured into Afghanistan in support of an anti-government coup. The Soviet occupation would last for nine years.

Plus, the hidden history of the board game Monopoly, the invention of chemotherapy, the heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam war at Christmas 1972, and the street-performer origins of the global circus phenomenon Cirque du Soleil.

Picture: Russian tanks take up positions in front of the Darulaman (Abode of Peace) Palace in Kabul, January 1980. (Henri Bureau/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images)

The Soviet-Afghan war, the invention of chemotherapy, and Cirque du Soleil.

The Srebrenica Massacre2014071220140713 (WS)"Srebrenica massacre, Pakistan's Red Mosque, death of Kim il Sung, Rainbow Warrior, Neruda

The Srebrenica massacre, as remembered by a man who lost three members of his family, the siege of Pakistan's Red Mosque and the death of North Korean dictator Kim il Sung, 20 years on. Also this week, French agents bomb the Greenpeace campaign ship - the Rainbow Warrior, and the poetry of Pablo Neruda.

(Photo: Bosnian women cry at the grave of a relative in the Potocari memorial cemetery near Srebrenica. Credit: Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images)

"

", as remembered by a man who lost three members of his family, the siege of Pakistan's Red Mosque and the death of North Korean dictator Kim il Sung, 20 years on. Also this week, French agents bomb the Greenpeace campaign ship - the Rainbow Warrior, and the poetry of Pablo Neruda.

(Photo: Bosnian women cry at the grave of a relative in the Potocari memorial cemetery near Srebrenica. Credit: Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images)

Srebrenica massacre, Pakistan's Red Mosque, death of Kim il Sung, Rainbow Warrior, Neruda

"

", as remembered by a man who lost three members of his family, the siege of Pakistan's Red Mosque and the death of North Korean dictator Kim il Sung, 20 years on. Also this week, French agents bomb the Greenpeace campaign ship - the Rainbow Warrior, and the poetry of Pablo Neruda.

(Photo: Bosnian women cry at the grave of a relative in the Potocari memorial cemetery near Srebrenica. Credit: Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images)

Srebrenica massacre, Pakistan's Red Mosque, death of Kim il Sung, Rainbow Warrior, Neruda

"

The Stonewall Riot2019062920190701 (WS)The riot that inspired the modern gay rights movement; Saddam Hussein's 1980s genocidal campaign against Iraq's Kurds; notorious British serial killers, Fred and Rose West; 50 years of fighting for fat people in America; and Joseph Heller on his seminal work, Catch-22.

Picture: the Stonewall Inn today (Getty Images)

The riot that inspired the gay rights movement; genocide against the Kurds; and Catch-22

The riot that inspired the gay rights movement; genocide against the Kurds; and Catch-22

The Street Battle That Rocked Brazil2018100620181007 (WS)The fighting in Sao Paulo in 1968 that drove Brazil deeper into military dictatorship.

In October 1968, students from two neighbouring universities in the centre of São Paulo clashed in a battle which left one dead and many injured. We hear how the so-called 'Battle of Maria Antônia' drove Brazil deeper into a military dictatorship which is still controversial to this day. Plus, a pioneering race relations case in Britain during World War 2, the invention of artificial skin and fashion in the Soviet Union.

Photo: the 'Battle of Maria Antonia', São Paulo, 1968. Credit: Agência Estado/AFP

The fighting in Sao Paulo in 1968 that drove Brazil deeper into military dictatorship.

"The fighting in Sao Paulo in 1968 that drove Brazil deeper into military dictatorship.

In October 1968, students from two neighbouring universities in the centre of São Paulo clashed in a battle which left one dead and many injured. We hear how the so-called 'Battle of Maria Antônia' drove Brazil deeper into a military dictatorship which is still controversial to this day. Plus, a pioneering race relations case in Britain during World War 2, the invention of artificial skin and fashion in the Soviet Union.

Photo: the 'Battle of Maria Antonia', São Paulo, 1968. Credit: Agência Estado/AFP"

The Struggle Against Apartheid2013121420131215 (WS)Key moments in the ANC's campaign to overturn South Africa's racist Apartheid policies
The Takeover Of Russia's Ntv2017041520170416 (WS)A setback for media freedom in Russia; Ethiopia's Red Terror; and WW2's Katyn massacre.

"A setback for media freedom in Russia; Ethiopia's Red Terror; and WW2's Katyn massacre.

NTV was Russia's only nationwide independent TV station until it was taken over in April 2001. We hear from the head of the station at the time. Plus, Ethiopia's Red Terror; the Katyn massacre during WW2; a breakthrough for disability rights in the US with the 504 sit-in; and Sikh bus drivers in the UK win the right to wear turbans to work.

Photo: Life size puppets of Russian political leaders including President Putin, on the set of NTV's popular satirical television show "Puppets"; June 29, 2000. Credit: Oleg Nikishin/Newsmakers/Getty

"

The Takeover Of Russia's Ntv20170417"NTV was Russia's only nationwide independent TV station until it was taken over in April 2001. We hear from the head of the station at the time. Plus, Ethiopia's Red Terror; the Katyn massacre during WW2; a breakthrough for disability rights in the US with the 504 sit-in; and Sikh bus drivers in the UK win the right to wear turbans to work.

Photo: Life size puppets of Russian political leaders including President Putin, on the set of NTV's popular satirical television show ""Puppets""; June 29, 2000. Credit: Oleg Nikishin/Newsmakers/Getty

A setback for media freedom in Russia; Ethiopia's Red Terror; and WW2's Katyn massacre.

"NTV was Russia's only nationwide independent TV station until it was taken over in April 2001. We hear from the head of the station at the time. Plus, Ethiopia's Red Terror; the Katyn massacre during WW2; a breakthrough for disability rights in the US with the 504 sit-in; and Sikh bus drivers in the UK win the right to wear turbans to work.

Photo: Life size puppets of Russian political leaders including President Putin, on the set of NTV's popular satirical television show ""Puppets""; June 29, 2000. Credit: Oleg Nikishin/Newsmakers/Getty

A setback for media freedom in Russia; Ethiopia's Red Terror; and WW2's Katyn massacre.

"

The Tet Offensive2018020320180204 (WS)In January 1968, North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong guerrillas launched a huge surprise attack on towns, cities and military bases across South Vietnam. The events of the Tet offensive had a profound impact on American public opinion and marked a turning point in the war.

Plus the roots of the Rohingya crisis, the birth of gospel music, Ireland's Bloody Sunday, and the end of corporal punishment in Britain.

Photo: Julian Pettifer reporting under fire near the Presidential Palace in Saigon, 31st January 1968 (BBC)

A turning point in the Vietnam War; the birth of gospel music; Ireland's Bloody Sunday.

"A turning point in the Vietnam War; the birth of gospel music; Ireland's Bloody Sunday.

In January 1968, North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong guerrillas launched a huge surprise attack on towns, cities and military bases across South Vietnam. The events of the Tet offensive had a profound impact on American public opinion and marked a turning point in the war.

Plus the roots of the Rohingya crisis, the birth of gospel music, Ireland's Bloody Sunday, and the end of corporal punishment in Britain.

Photo: Julian Pettifer reporting under fire near the Presidential Palace in Saigon, 31st January 1968 (BBC)

"

The Tet Offensive20180204"A turning point in the Vietnam War; the birth of gospel music; Ireland's Bloody Sunday.

In January 1968, North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong guerrillas launched a huge surprise attack on towns, cities and military bases across South Vietnam. The events of the Tet offensive had a profound impact on American public opinion and marked a turning point in the war.

Plus the roots of the Rohingya crisis, the birth of gospel music, Ireland's Bloody Sunday, and the end of corporal punishment in Britain.

Photo: Julian Pettifer reporting under fire near the Presidential Palace in Saigon, 31st January 1968 (BBC)

"

The Thalidomide Trial2016052820160529 (WS)German drugs company goes on trial; Hands Across America; the execution of Anne Boleyn.

"German drugs company goes on trial; Hands Across America; the execution of Anne Boleyn.

Executives of the German company that made the drug Thalodomide go on trial. Plus, Chechen rebels negotiate peace with President Yeltsin; the Israeli airlift of 14,000 Ethiopian Jews; Hands Across America, the day millions of Americans formed a human chain to try to end poverty; and the execution of the Queen of England, Anne Boleyn.

Photograph: A Thalidomide child undergoes rehabilitation, 1963 (Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

"

"German drugs company goes on trial; Hands Across America; the execution of Anne Boleyn.

Executives of the German company that made the drug Thalodomide go on trial. Plus, Chechen rebels negotiate peace with President Yeltsin; the Israeli airlift of 14,000 Ethiopian Jews; Hands Across America, the day millions of Americans formed a human chain to try to end poverty; and the execution of the Queen of England, Anne Boleyn.

Photograph: A Thalidomide child undergoes rehabilitation, 1963 (Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

"

"German drugs company goes on trial; Hands Across America; the execution of Anne Boleyn.

Executives of the German company that made the drug Thalodomide go on trial. Plus, Chechen rebels negotiate peace with President Yeltsin; the Israeli airlift of 14,000 Ethiopian Jews; Hands Across America, the day millions of Americans formed a human chain to try to end poverty; and the execution of the Queen of England, Anne Boleyn.

Photograph: A Thalidomide child undergoes rehabilitation, 1963 (Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

"

The Trial Of Maurice Papon2017051320170514 (WS)The French minister tried for Nazi collusion, the USSR's 007 and US wine beats French.

"The French minister tried for Nazi collusion, the USSR's 007 and US wine beats French.

The French minister tried for colluding with the Nazis, the USSR's version of James Bond, the beginning of China's economic boom, plus the first time Americans were told they were too fat - but that their wine was better than France's.

PHOTO: Maurice Papon in October 1997, shortly after his trial for war crimes opened. (Credit: Francois Guillot/AFP/Getty Images)

"

The Trial Of Maurice Papon20170515"The French minister tried for Nazi collusion, the USSR's 007 and US wine beats French."
The University Of Texas Shooting2016080620160807 (WS)The first campus killings in the US; an arts festival in Lebanon; meeting JD Salinger

"The first campus killings in the US; an arts festival in Lebanon; meeting JD Salinger

On 1 August 1966, student Charles Whitman shot dead 14 people and injured another 32 in America's first mass shooting at a university. Plus, the oldest arts festival in the Middle East; how President Reagan smashed the power of the trade unions; and meeting JD Salinger, the reclusive author of ""The Catcher in the Rye"".

PHOTO: Associated Press.

"

"The first campus killings in the US; an arts festival in Lebanon; meeting JD Salinger

On 1 August 1966, student Charles Whitman shot dead 14 people and injured another 32 in America's first mass shooting at a university. Plus, the oldest arts festival in the Middle East; how President Reagan smashed the power of the trade unions; and meeting JD Salinger, the reclusive author of ""The Catcher in the Rye"".

PHOTO: Associated Press.

"

"The first campus killings in the US; an arts festival in Lebanon; meeting JD Salinger

On 1 August 1966, student Charles Whitman shot dead 14 people and injured another 32 in America's first mass shooting at a university. Plus, the oldest arts festival in the Middle East; how President Reagan smashed the power of the trade unions; and meeting JD Salinger, the reclusive author of "The Catcher in the Rye".

PHOTO: Associated Press.

On 1 August 1966, student Charles Whitman shot dead 14 people and injured another 32 in America's first mass shooting at a university. Plus, the oldest arts festival in the Middle East; how President Reagan smashed the power of the trade unions; and meeting JD Salinger, the reclusive author of ""The Catcher in the Rye"".

"

The Unsung Hero Of Heart Surgery2017121620171217 (WS)The African-American lab technician who pioneered surgery that saved millions of babies.

"The African-American lab technician who pioneered surgery that saved millions of babies.

The African-American lab technician, Vivien Thomas, who pioneered surgery that saved millions of babies, Otis Redding remembered 50 years on from his tragic death, the killer smog of the 1950's London, the man brave enough to hypnotise Uday Hussein and the Australian Prime Minister - lost at sea.

(Photo: Vivien Thomas, US Surgical Technician, 1940)
(Audio: Courtesy of US National Library of Medicine)

"

The Unsung Hero Of Heart Surgery20171217"The African-American lab technician who pioneered surgery that saved millions of babies.

The African-American lab technician, Vivien Thomas, who pioneered surgery that saved millions of babies, Otis Redding remembered 50 years on from his tragic death, the killer smog of the 1950's London, the man brave enough to hypnotise Uday Hussein and the Australian Prime Minister - lost at sea.

(Photo: Vivien Thomas, US Surgical Technician, 1940)
(Audio: Courtesy of US National Library of Medicine)

"

The Us Evacuation Of Saigon2015050220150503 (WS)"In the last days of April 1975 thousands of people were airlifted out of Vietnam

Memories of the helicopter flights out of the US embassy 40 years ago as the communists won the Vietnam War. Plus, the man who removed his own appendix, the end of Charles de Gaulle's political career and some era-defining jumping up and down - Jane Fonda's first workout video.

(Photo: Civilians being herded onto a US Marine helicopter. Credit: AP)

(Photo: Civilians being herded onto a US Marine helicopter. Credit: AP)"

"In the last days of April 1975 thousands of people were airlifted out of Vietnam

Memories of the helicopter flights out of the US embassy 40 years ago as the communists won the Vietnam War. Plus, the man who removed his own appendix, the end of Charles de Gaulle's political career and some era-defining jumping up and down - Jane Fonda's first workout video.

(Photo: Civilians being herded onto a US Marine helicopter. Credit: AP)

"

The War On Drugs2019051120190513 (WS)US efforts to deal with illegal drugs in 1971, plus the rise of Jack Ma in China.

US efforts to deal with illegal drugs in 1971, plus the rise of Jack Ma in China.

The War That Led To Peace2014110120141102 (WS)"The Arab-Israeli conflict of 1973, the oil shock which followed it and a jewel heist.

The Arab-Israeli conflict of 1973, the oil shock which followed it, the assassination of Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi, the Afghan translator putting his life in danger for British troops and one of the most audacious jewel heists ever.

Photo: Israeli troops cross the Suez canal during the October war, Credit: AFP/Getty Images

"

"The Arab-Israeli conflict of 1973, the oil shock which followed it and a jewel heist.

The Arab-Israeli conflict of 1973, the oil shock which followed it, the assassination of Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi, the Afghan translator putting his life in danger for British troops and one of the most audacious jewel heists ever.

Photo: Israeli troops cross the Suez canal during the October war, Credit: AFP/Getty Images

"

The Whitewashing Of Zimbabwe's Ancient History2018072820180729 (WS)The true history of the Great Zimbabwe ruins uncovered after independence, why Churchill lost the post-war election also the first women at the US military academy West Point and the crack down on leftist supporters in the south before the Korean war.

(Photo; The iconic tower in the Great Enclosure of the Great Zimbabwe National Monument. It's one of the most important archaeological sites in Africa and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Credit; Getty Creative.)

How the true history of the Great Zimbabwe ruins was uncovered after independence.

"

How the true history of the Great Zimbabwe ruins was uncovered after independence.

The true history of the Great Zimbabwe ruins uncovered after independence, why Churchill lost the post-war election also the first women at the US military academy West Point and the crack down on leftist supporters in the south before the Korean war.

(Photo; The iconic tower in the Great Enclosure of the Great Zimbabwe National Monument. It's one of the most important archaeological sites in Africa and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Credit; Getty Creative.)

"

The Woman Who Stopped Equal Rights In America2017061720170618 (WS)In June 1982 Phyllis Schlafly defeated a law to guarantee gender equality in the US.

"In June 1982 Phyllis Schlafly defeated a law to guarantee gender equality in the US.

Phlyllis Schalfly, the woman who defeated a law to guarantee gender equality in the US; plus, the first performance of the Beatles hit "All You Need Is Love", a forgotten WW2 disaster, Berber rights in Algeria, and the volcanic eruption on the island of Montserrat.

PHOTO: American political activist Phyllis Schlafly smiles from behind a pair of podium mounted microphones, 1982. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

"

The Women Of Egypt's Arab Spring2021031320210316 (WS)The women of Egypt's Arab Spring; the underground abortion network in 1960s America; Greece's champion of the Parthenon Marbles, Melina Mercouri; China's most powerful 19th-century ruler, and the doctor who was India's 1966 Miss World.

Photo: Hend Nafea protesting in Tahrir Square in January 2011. (Copyright Hend Nafea)

Egypt's Arab Spring, abortions in 1960s America, the champion of the Parthenon Marbles

The women of Egypt's Arab Spring; the underground abortion network in 1960s America; Greece's champion of the Parthenon Marbles, Melina Mercouri; China's most powerful 19th-century ruler, and the doctor who was India's 1966 Miss World.

Photo: Hend Nafea protesting in Tahrir Square in January 2011. (Copyright Hend Nafea)

Egypt's Arab Spring, abortions in 1960s America, the champion of the Parthenon Marbles

The Women Who Reclaimed The Night2021041020210412 (WS)We hear from the women who started "Reclaim the Night" marches in the north of England in 1977 - a time when a serial killer nicknamed the Yorkshire Ripper was murdering women. The women felt police were policing their behaviour rather than that of men by instructing them to stay home at night. We speak to Hallie Rubenhold author of The Five: The Untold Lives of the Women Killed by Jack the Ripper for a comparison of the treatment and expectations of women in the 19th and 20th century. Plus we go to Mexico and the neuropsychologist who met and discovered the motivations behind the country's first female serial killer - a famous woman wrestler - who strangled old women. It's 30 years since the Russian city of Leningrad voted to abandon the name of the leader of the Russian revolution - Vladimir Lenin - and to return to its historic name of St Petersburg and we hear the famous British naturalist and broadcaster David Attenborough remembering his first visit to the tropics of West Africa. Finally, we bring you the remarkable story behind the discovery of the jet stream –the high speed air currents which profoundly affect our environment all-round the globe.

Photo: women taking part in a Reclaim the Night march. Credit: BBC

Photo:women taking part in a Reclaim the Night march. Credit: BBC

Women's night-time protest, a Mexican female serial killer and the jet stream.

The World's First Hand Transplant2014092720140928 (WS)"The ground breaking transplant which didn't end well; Cuban spies in the US, Africa's worst maritime disaster; the fall of Bokassa and Friends at 20

A transplant which didn't end well; The Cuban 5; Senegal ferry disaster; Bokassa falls."

"A transplant which didn't end well; The Cuban 5; Senegal ferry disaster; Bokassa falls.

The ground breaking transplant which didn't end well; Cuban spies in the US, Africa's worst maritime disaster; the fall of Bokassa and Friends at 20

"

"A transplant which didn't end well; The Cuban 5; Senegal ferry disaster; Bokassa falls.

The ground breaking transplant which didn't end well; Cuban spies in the US, Africa's worst maritime disaster; the fall of Bokassa and Friends at 20"

The World's First Woman Premier2020112120201124 (WS)Sirimavo Bandaranaike was elected prime minster of Sri Lanka, or Ceylon as it was known then, in 1960 following the assassination of her husband, Solomon Bandaranaike and became the first female prime minister in the world. We hear from Dr Asanga Welikala about her legacy. Plus the first Arab leader to visit Israel, the former hostage taken captive by Somali pirates in 2008 who came to sympathise with their plight and the Jewish refugees given sanctuary by America during WW2. Also the revolutionary and graphic book for women published in 1973 which helped us understand women's bodies and is now published in 33 different languages.

Photo: Sirimavo Bandaranaike the Prime Minister of Ceylon (later Sri Lanka), 1960. Credit Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Sri Lanka's woman PM plus the first Arab leader to visit Israel and the women's sex book.

The Zanzibar Revolution2020060620200608 (WS)How a bloody revolution changed East Africa, the start of the WHO and remembering Christo

How a bloody 1960s revolution changed East Africa. We hear an eyewitness account and talk to Professor Emma Hunter of Edinburgh University. Plus the birth of ecotourism in Costa Rica, the post-war origin of the World Health Organisation, the man who created the world's first portable defibrillator, and remembering the artist Christo.

PHOTO: Ugandan revolutionary and self-styled Field Marshal John Okello (1937 - 1971), leader of the Afro-Shirazi anti-Arab coup in Zanzibar, circa 1964. (Photo by Pix/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

The Zimbabwe Massacres2018041420180415 (WS)In this week's episode, Robert Mugabe's brutal crack down on the opposition in the 1980s, a mass expulsion of Soviet spies from Britain in the 1970's and the working class film revolution of the 1960's. Plus the first frozen embryo and the death of a German student leader that sparked huge demonstrations.

(Photo: Robert Mugabe. Getty Images)

Robert Mugabe sent troops to put down opposition supporters in western Zimbabwe in 1983.

"Robert Mugabe sent troops to put down opposition supporters in western Zimbabwe in 1983.

In this week's episode, Robert Mugabe's brutal crack down on the opposition in the 1980s, a mass expulsion of Soviet spies from Britain in the 1970's and the working class film revolution of the 1960's. Plus the first frozen embryo and the death of a German student leader that sparked huge demonstrations.

(Photo: Robert Mugabe. Getty Images)

"

"

Robert Mugabe sent troops to put down opposition supporters in western Zimbabwe in 1983.

In this week's episode, Robert Mugabe's brutal crack down on the opposition in the 1980s, a mass expulsion of Soviet spies from Britain in the 1970's and the working class film revolution of the 1960's. Plus the first frozen embryo and the death of a German student leader that sparked huge demonstrations.

(Photo: Robert Mugabe. Getty Images)

"

Thomas Sankara African Revolutionary20131012"The life and death of the inspiring West African leader; tunnelling under the Berlin Wall; and how exotic dancer Josephine Baker wowed 1920s Paris. Plus, the flight of Denmark's Jews during World War II and Witness remembers the campaigning Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya.

The inspiring African leader; Jews flee Nazi Denmark; and exotic dancer Josephine Baker."

"The inspiring African leader; Jews flee Nazi Denmark; and exotic dancer Josephine Baker.

The life and death of the inspiring West African leader; tunnelling under the Berlin Wall; and how exotic dancer Josephine Baker wowed 1920s Paris. Plus, the flight of Denmark's Jews during World War II and Witness remembers the campaigning Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya.

"

"The inspiring African leader; Jews flee Nazi Denmark; and exotic dancer Josephine Baker.

The life and death of the inspiring West African leader; tunnelling under the Berlin Wall; and how exotic dancer Josephine Baker wowed 1920s Paris. Plus, the flight of Denmark's Jews during World War II and Witness remembers the campaigning Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya."

Tiananmen Square2019060120190603 (WS)An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

A student protester's perspective on the Tiananmen Square massacre, the first social network on the internet, the surprisingly controversial early years of Sesame Street, the overthrow of Emperor Bokassa in the CAR, and the death of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

Picture: Dan Wang speaking in Tiananmen Square (credit: Peter Turnley/Corbis/Getty Images)

Remembering Tiananmen Square, the internet's first social network, and Sesame Street

Picture: Dan Wang speaking in Tiananmen Square (credit: Peter Turnley/Corbis/Getty Images)

To Kill A Mockingbird2017122320171224 (WS)One of the most successful American films ever; BR Ambedkar; and the invention of WiFi.

"One of the most successful American films ever; BR Ambedkar; and the invention of WiFi.

One of the most successful American films of all time was released on Christmas Day 1962. Based on the best-selling book by author Harper Lee, To Kill A Mockingbird starred Gregory Peck as a lawyer who stood against prejudice in the Deep South of the USA. Louise Hidalgo has been speaking to Gregory Peck's son Carey Peck.

Plus, the life of Indian independence leader BR Ambedkar; a short-lived period of peace in Somalia under the Islamic Courts Union; the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution in China; and the invention of WiFi.

Picture: Gregory Peck with Harper Lee in 1962 (Getty Images)

"

To Kill A Mockingbird20171224"One of the most successful American films ever; BR Ambedkar; and the invention of WiFi.

One of the most successful American films of all time was released on Christmas Day 1962. Based on the best-selling book by author Harper Lee, To Kill A Mockingbird starred Gregory Peck as a lawyer who stood against prejudice in the Deep South of the USA. Louise Hidalgo has been speaking to Gregory Peck's son Carey Peck.

Plus, the life of Indian independence leader BR Ambedkar; a short-lived period of peace in Somalia under the Islamic Courts Union; the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution in China; and the invention of WiFi.

Picture: Gregory Peck with Harper Lee in 1962 (Getty Images)

"

Truth And Reconciliation In South Africa2018012020180121 (WS)After Apartheid was abolished in the 1990s, South Africa set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to try to confront the legacy of its brutal past. We speak to Justice Sisi Khampepe, who served on the Commission. Plus, the inspiring story of the disabled Irish author, Christoper Nolan; an inside account of two of America's most famous presidential speeches; and the role of British women in World War I.

(PHOTO: Pretoria South Africa: President Nelson Mandela (L) with Archbishop Desmond Tutu, acknowledges applause after he received a five volumes of Truth and Reconciliation Commission final report from Archbishop Tutu. Credit: Getty Images.)

The post-Apartheid reckoning in South Africa; adoption in Guatemala; Women in World War I

"The post-Apartheid reckoning in South Africa; adoption in Guatemala; Women in World War I

After Apartheid was abolished in the 1990s, South Africa set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to try to confront the legacy of its brutal past. We speak to Justice Sisi Khampepe, who served on the Commission. Plus, the inspiring story of the disabled Irish author, Christoper Nolan; an inside account of two of America's most famous presidential speeches; and the role of British women in World War I.

(PHOTO: Pretoria South Africa: President Nelson Mandela (L) with Archbishop Desmond Tutu, acknowledges applause after he received a five volumes of Truth and Reconciliation Commission final report from Archbishop Tutu. Credit: Getty Images.)

"

Truth And Reconciliation In South Africa20180121"The post-Apartheid reckoning in South Africa; adoption in Guatemala; Women in World War I

After Apartheid was abolished in the 1990s, South Africa set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to try to confront the legacy of its brutal past. We speak to Justice Sisi Khampepe, who served on the Commission. Plus, the inspiring story of the disabled Irish author, Christoper Nolan; an inside account of two of America's most famous presidential speeches; and the role of British women in World War I.

(PHOTO: Pretoria South Africa: President Nelson Mandela (L) with Archbishop Desmond Tutu, acknowledges applause after he received a five volumes of Truth and Reconciliation Commission final report from Archbishop Tutu. Credit: Getty Images.)

"

U2 Spy Plane2016050720160508 (WS)A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb & Hemingway.

"In May 1960 an American U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory. Its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive. Hear from his son. Also, the Salem witch trials in 17th century America, plus HItler's A-bomb, the devastating attacks on Belfast during World War Two and a unique insight into the life of Ernest Hemingway in Cuba.

(Photo: Pilot Gary Powers appearing before a US Senate Armed Forces Committee in Washington, after his release from the Soviet Union. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb and Hemingway.

A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb & Hemingway.

"

"In May 1960 an American U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory. Its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive. Hear from his son. Also, the Salem witch trials in 17th century America, plus HItler's A-bomb, the devastating attacks on Belfast during World War Two and a unique insight into the life of Ernest Hemingway in Cuba.

(Photo: Pilot Gary Powers appearing before a US Senate Armed Forces Committee in Washington, after his release from the Soviet Union. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb and Hemingway.

A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb & Hemingway."

"In May 1960 an American U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory. Its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive. Hear from his son. Also, the Salem witch trials in 17th century America, plus HItler's A-bomb, the devastating attacks on Belfast during World War Two and a unique insight into the life of Ernest Hemingway in Cuba.

(Photo: Pilot Gary Powers appearing before a US Senate Armed Forces Committee in Washington, after his release from the Soviet Union. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb and Hemingway.

"

"A secret spy plane shot down over the USSR, Salem Witches, Hitler's A-bomb and Hemingway.

In May 1960 an American U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory. Its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive. Hear from his son. Also, the Salem witch trials in 17th century America, plus HItler's A-bomb, the devastating attacks on Belfast during World War Two and a unique insight into the life of Ernest Hemingway in Cuba.

(Photo: Pilot Gary Powers appearing before a US Senate Armed Forces Committee in Washington, after his release from the Soviet Union. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)

"

Ufo Sightings: The Rendlesham Forest Incident2018122920190101 (WS)The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been plus the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the theft of the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey in 1950 also one of the first electronic instruments and how Britain has long honoured its' military animals.

(Photo: Computer illustration of UFOs - Unidentified Flying Objects)

The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been.

The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been.

"

The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been plus the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the theft of the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey in 1950 also one of the first electronic instruments and how Britain has long honoured its' military animals.

(Photo: Computer illustration of UFOs - Unidentified Flying Objects)

The most striking and well documented UFO ""sightings"" there have ever been.

"

Uprising In South Korea2014052420140525 (WS)"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"

"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"

"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"

"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"

"The uprising in South Korea, Rajiv Ghandi assasination, and the Pope and the Jews

The uprising in South Korea, the assasination of Rajiv Ghandi, the first Papal visit to a synagogue, saving Russian soldiers in Chechnya, and student riots in Indonesia.

Photo: A South Korean soldier wields a baton while stopping a student. Credit: AP

"

Us Bombing Of Iraq's Amiriya Air-raid Shelter2021021320210216 (WS)
Us Drone War2015012420150125 (WS)"A US drone operator speaks out, Patrice Lumumba, plus football hooligans and Al Capone

"

"A US drone operator speaks out, Patrice Lumumba, plus football hooligans and Al Capone

"

Us Presidential History Special2020103120201103 (WS)Eyewitness accounts of moments in US presidential history: Inside JFK's election victory, remembering Shirley Chisholm - the first African American from a major party to make a presidential run, plus a senator's account of the Watergate hearings, the rise of the religious right and the story of President Bush's 9/11.

Photo: US President John F. Kennedy giving his first State of the Union address to Congress in January 1961. (Credit: NASA/SSPL/Getty Images)

Inside JFK's election victory, plus Shirley Chisholm, Watergate, and the religious right

Us 'smart Bombs' Hit An Iraqi Air Raid Shelter2021021320210216 (WS)More than 400 civilians were killed when two US precision bombs hit the Amiriya air raid shelter in western Baghdad on the morning of 13 February 1991. The Americans claimed that the building had served as a command and control centre for Saddam Hussein's forces. It was the largest single case of civilian casualities that ocurred during Operation Desert Storm. Also in this week's programme, a drug scandal from the 1970s which blighted the lives of generations, rare archive of the celebrated British artist, Francis Bacon, the 1980s New York Street News newspaper set up to help the homeless and we hear from a nurse from West Africa who devoted her life to the British health service.

Photo: Inside the Amiriya air-raid shelter following the US bombing (Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images)

Hundreds of civilians killed in a Gulf War airstrike; the newspaper to help the homeless

Vatican Ii: Reforming The Catholic Church2019012620190129 (WS)In January 1959 Pope John XXIII announced a council of all the world's Catholic bishops and cardinals in Rome. It led to sweeping reforms. Plus Carmen Callil recalls setting up Virago, the most successful feminist publishing house to date; India gives birth to the call centres and remembering the Carry-on films.

(Photo; Pope John XXIII at the Vatican. Credit: Getty Images)

Sweeping changes at the Vatican, plus the ground-breaking women's publisher Virago.

"

Ve Day2015050920150510 (WS)"WW2 ends in Europe, chemical weapons tests on UK soldiers, Aden's independence struggle

"

Ve Day Special2020050920200511 (WS)Eyewitness accounts of the fall of Nazi Germany and the end of World War Two in Europe.

Eyewitness accounts of the fall of Nazi Germany and the end of the Second World War in Europe. Using unique interviews from the BBC's archives we bring you men and women who fought in the battle for Berlin, and some of those who were with Hitler in his final days. We present the story of a German woman who survived the start of Soviet occupation, and we meet the historian whose 1995 exhibition challenged Germans' view of the war. Plus the sounds of VE Day in London, 8th May 1945, as reported by the BBC at the time. Putting it all into context, presenter Max Pearson talks to Dr Mary Fulbrook, Professor of German History at University College London and author of the award winning book "Reckonings" about the aftermath of the war and the quest for justice.

(Photo by ullstein bild via Getty Images)

Venezuela's Oil Bonanza2019030220190305 (WS)When Venezuela was rich; surviving a mid-air airline disaster; the swine flu crisis

When Venezuela was rich; surviving a mid-air airline disaster; the swine flu crisis

Vera Brittain: Anti-bombing Campaigner2018081820180819 (WS)Baroness Shirley Williams recalls her mother, WW2 anti-bombing protestor; 20 years since a mass killing in Omagh, the African-American photographer whose coverage of Martin Luther King's funeral won him a Pullitzer Prize, plus when TV finally came to South Africa and the birth of the instant noodle.

Photo: Vera Brittain at Euston Station, London, in 1956. Credit: Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

WW2 anti-bombing protestor, 20 years since Omagh and the birth of the instant noodle.

"WW2 anti-bombing protestor, 20 years since Omagh and the birth of the instant noodle.

Baroness Shirley Williams recalls her mother, WW2 anti-bombing protestor; 20 years since a mass killing in Omagh, the African-American photographer whose coverage of Martin Luther King's funeral won him a Pullitzer Prize, plus when TV finally came to South Africa and the birth of the instant noodle.

Photo: Vera Brittain at Euston Station, London, in 1956. Credit: Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"

Vikings In North America2019010520190108 (WS)The discovery that proved the Vikings got to North America, a former Marxist rebel describes how his group overran an army base in El Salvador's bitter civil war in the 1980s, the enormous palace built by the Romanian communist dictator, Nicole Ceausescu, how the prolific romantic novelist Barbara Cartland was made a Dame by the Queen and the summer of 1987 when thousands of tins of marijuana washed up on a Brazilian beach.

Photo: Replicas of Norse houses from 1000 years ago at L'Anse aux Meadows. (LightRocket/Getty Images)

Exciting discovery in Canada plus a rebel attack in Central America and Brazilian booty.

Exciting discovery in Canada plus a rebel attack in Central America and Brazilian booty.

Walking The Great Wall Of China2017093020171001 (WS)The Great Wall of China; the death of a Pope; and anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko

"The Great Wall of China; the death of a Pope; and anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko

Walking the Great Wall of China; the death of Pope John Paul 1 after just a month in the job; turning against a colonial power - how Guinea gained independence from France; the life and times of anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko, and the British Land Girls of World War Two.

(Picture: Yaohui Dong, Wu Deyu and Zhang Yuanhua on the Great Wall of China. Courtesy of Yaohui Dong)

"

When Animals Make History2017092320170924 (WS)From a guide dog on 9/11 to Australia's rabbit plague - five stories from animal history.

From a guide dog on 9/11 to Australia's rabbit plague - five stories from animal history.

When Belgium Banned Coca Cola2018102020181021 (WS)A strange illness strikes Belgian teenagers, Brazil's forgotten Amazon war, diverting Mount Etna's lava, arguments over aid and trade in the UK, and the 1973 oil crisis.

(Photo: A poster saying 'out of order' is stuck on a Coca Cola vending machine in Mouscron, Belgium in 1999. Credit: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images).

A strange illness strikes Belgian teenagers, Brazil's Amazon war, and the 1973 oil crisis

"A strange illness strikes Belgian teenagers, Brazil's Amazon war, and the 1973 oil crisis

A strange illness strikes Belgian teenagers, Brazil's forgotten Amazon war, diverting Mount Etna's lava, arguments over aid and trade in the UK, and the 1973 oil crisis.

(Photo: A poster saying 'out of order' is stuck on a Coca Cola vending machine in Mouscron, Belgium in 1999. Credit: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images)."

"A strange illness strikes Belgian teenagers, Brazil's Amazon war, and the 1973 oil crisis

"

When Buckingham Palace Opened Its Doors2018081120180812 (WS)Buckingham Palace lets in the public for the first time in 1993; East German farmers fight potato beetles supposedly dropped by the USA; Burma erupts in a violent uprising in 1988; Yitzhak Rabin becomes the first Israeli leader to visit Jordan officially; two villages, in Armenia and in Azerbaijan, swap homes to avoid ethnic violence.

Photo: Buckingham Palace. Credit: BBC.

Buckingham Palace lets in the public, fake news from East Germany, uprising in Burma.

"Buckingham Palace lets in the public, fake news from East Germany, uprising in Burma.

Buckingham Palace lets in the public for the first time in 1993; East German farmers fight potato beetles supposedly dropped by the USA; Burma erupts in a violent uprising in 1988; Yitzhak Rabin becomes the first Israeli leader to visit Jordan officially; two villages, in Armenia and in Azerbaijan, swap homes to avoid ethnic violence.

Photo: Buckingham Palace. Credit: BBC.

"

When France Said 'non' To Britain Joining Europe2018011320180114 (WS)When France stopped Britain joining Europe in the 1960s, the boy who set a record for continuously staying awake, the launch of the first iPhone, hands reaching out in friendship between Britain and Germany after the Second World War, and a notorious massacre during Algeria's bitter internal conflict of the 1990s.

Photo: Charles de Gaulle, President of France, at a press conference on 14th January 1963 at which he said Britain was not ready to join the European Economic Community, now the EU (Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

When France said 'Non' to Britain, the first iPhone, and the record for staying awake

"When France said 'Non' to Britain, the first iPhone, and the record for staying awake

When France stopped Britain joining Europe in the 1960s, the boy who set a record for continuously staying awake, the launch of the first iPhone, hands reaching out in friendship between Britain and Germany after the Second World War, and a notorious massacre during Algeria's bitter internal conflict of the 1990s.

Photo: Charles de Gaulle, President of France, at a press conference on 14th January 1963 at which he said Britain was not ready to join the European Economic Community, now the EU (Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

"

When France Said 'non' To Britain Joining Europe20180114"When France said 'Non' to Britain, the first iPhone, and the record for staying awake

When France stopped Britain joining Europe in the 1960s, the boy who set a record for continuously staying awake, the launch of the first iPhone, hands reaching out in friendship between Britain and Germany after the Second World War, and a notorious massacre during Algeria's bitter internal conflict of the 1990s.

Photo: Charles de Gaulle, President of France, at a press conference on 14th January 1963 at which he said Britain was not ready to join the European Economic Community, now the EU (Credit: Central Press/Getty Images)

"

When Homosexuality Was A Crime2017072920170730 (WS)The horrific use of aversion therapy for gay men; plus Chiang Kai Shek's former aide.

"The horrific use of aversion therapy for gay men; plus Chiang Kai Shek's former aide.

Comedian and broadcaster Pete Price speaks about being subjected to horrific aversion therapy to "cure" him of his homosexuality in 1960s Britain. Plus the 99-year-old former aide to the Chinese nationalist leader, Chiang Kai Shek, a radical new approach to housing in the former USSR, the perils of deep sea commercial diving in the North Sea and how the Welsh fought for recognition of their language.

Photo: Pete Price (private collection)

"

When Margaret Thatcher Came To Power2018050520180506 (WS)Working for Britain's first female PM, the rare story of prisoners on the high seas in WW2, plus the Children's Crusade for civil right in 60s Alabama, the origin of the Royal Shakespeare Company and the story behind the Japanese TV hit, Takeshi's Castle.
Photo: British Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, with husband Denis on May 4th 1979. (Credit: John Minihan/Evening Standard/Getty Images)

Britain's first female PM, prisoners on the high seas, and the story of Takeshi's Castle

"Britain's first female PM, prisoners on the high seas, and the story of Takeshi's Castle

Working for Britain's first female PM, the rare story of prisoners on the high seas in WW2, plus the Children's Crusade for civil right in 60s Alabama, the origin of the Royal Shakespeare Company and the story behind the Japanese TV hit, Takeshi's Castle.
Photo: British Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, with husband Denis on May 4th 1979. (Credit: John Minihan/Evening Standard/Getty Images)

"

"

Britain's first female PM, prisoners on the high seas, and the story of Takeshi's Castle

Working for Britain's first female PM, the rare story of prisoners on the high seas in WW2, plus the Children's Crusade for civil right in 60s Alabama, the origin of the Royal Shakespeare Company and the story behind the Japanese TV hit, Takeshi's Castle.
Photo: British Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, with husband Denis on May 4th 1979. (Credit: John Minihan/Evening Standard/Getty Images)

"

When Russia's Richest Man Was Jailed2018102720181028 (WS)
20181030 (WS)
Russia's struggles with big business, when Nigeria struck oil, why Maximilian Kolbe was made a saint, the London arrest of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and Desmond Tutu.

Photo: former head of Yukos Mikhail Khodorkovsky leaving the courtroom in Moscow, Russia, September 22, 2005. Credit: Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images

Mikhail Khodorkovsky on his arrest in Russia, Nigerian oil and Desmond Tutu.

"Mikhail Khodorkovsky on his arrest in Russia, Nigerian oil and Desmond Tutu.

Russia's struggles with big business, when Nigeria struck oil, why Maximilian Kolbe was made a saint, the London arrest of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and Desmond Tutu.

Photo: former head of Yukos Mikhail Khodorkovsky leaving the courtroom in Moscow, Russia, September 22, 2005. Credit: Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images"

"Mikhail Khodorkovsky on his arrest in Russia, Nigerian oil and Desmond Tutu.

"

When Stalin Rounded Up Soviet Doctors2019011220190115 (WS)Stalin's last terror campaign against the best Soviet doctors, Castro's triumphant entry into Havana, the extraordinary story of how a destitute single mother produced a best selling memoir about her life in a Brazilian favela. Also, the controversy over 'Fat Is a Feminist Issue', and the world's only seed vault.

Photo: Yakov Rapoport, one of the few survivors of Stalin's 'Doctors' Plot'. Credit: family archive.

Stalin's last terror campaign, Fidel Castro takes over Havana, and the world's seed vault

Stalin's last terror campaign, Fidel Castro takes over Havana, and the world's seed vault

When The Us Shot Down An Iranian Airliner2018070720180708 (WS)How a US warship downed a passenger jet killing 290 people, plus the story behind The Toilet, the controversial 1990s Russian 'masterpiece', Madeleine Albright on Kosovo, the history of adventure playgrounds. and the hunt for Deep Throat.

Photo: The USS Vincennes fires a surface to air missile towards Iran Air flight 655 on 3 July 1988 (Rudy Pahoyo)

The tragic story of Flight 655, a Russian art controversy, plus Madeleine Albright

"The tragic story of Flight 655, a Russian art controversy, plus Madeleine Albright

How a US warship downed a passenger jet killing 290 people, plus the story behind The Toilet, the controversial 1990s Russian 'masterpiece', Madeleine Albright on Kosovo, the history of adventure playgrounds. and the hunt for Deep Throat.

Photo: The USS Vincennes fires a surface to air missile towards Iran Air flight 655 on 3 July 1988 (Rudy Pahoyo)

"

When Tunisia Led On Women's Rights2019072720190729 (WS)Liberation for Tunisia's women in the 1950s; gay and lesbian fake marriages in China

Liberation for Tunisia's women in the 1950s; gay and lesbian fake marriages in China

Why A British Mp Was Filmed Taking Mescaline2021051520210517 (WS)# Warning: This programme contains descriptions of drug use #
In 1955 Christopher Mayhew MP took the hallucinogenic drug mescaline for a TV experiment. We look back at the history of psychedelic research and speak to Dr Robin Carhart-Harris, head of the Centre for Psychedelic Research at Imperial College London. Plus, the battle to legalise contraception in Ireland, a pro-democracy activist in China, the chemical and biological weapons programme in apartheid South Africa, and why thousands of Jews secretly fled Iraq in the 1970s.

A history of psychedelic experiments, contraception in Ireland, an Iraqi escape story

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

Why Portugal Decriminalised All Drugs2020102420201027 (WS)In the grips of a drug crisis, why Portugal took a radical approach in 2001 and became the first country in the world to decriminalise all drugs. Also searching for those who disappeared during apartheid rule in South Africa, how mistakes with the initial production of the polio vaccine made thousands of children ill in 1995, plus the black women who helped propel NASA's space programme and Joan Littlewood a giant in 20th century British theatre.

(Image: Staffers interview a new patient in Lisbon, Portugal (Credit: Horacio Villalobos - Corbis/Corbis via Getty Images)

Why Portugal took a radical approach to drugs in 2001, plus theatre's Joan Littlewood

Willie Nelson's Farm Aid2014100420141005 (WS)"Benefit concert for poor US farmers, world's first same-sex civil union, the fall of Kabul plus Japan launches world's fastest train, and the death of James Dean.

Benefit concert for poor US farmers, Japan launches world's fastest train, and James Dean"

"Benefit concert for poor US farmers, Japan launches world's fastest train, and James Dean

Benefit concert for poor US farmers, world's first same-sex civil union, the fall of Kabul plus Japan launches world's fastest train, and the death of James Dean.

"

"Benefit concert for poor US farmers, Japan launches world's fastest train, and James Dean

Benefit concert for poor US farmers, world's first same-sex civil union, the fall of Kabul plus Japan launches world's fastest train, and the death of James Dean."

Wittenoom: An Australian Tragedy2018062320180624 (WS)Asbestos-related deaths in Australia and when doctors first described child abuse.

Asbestos-related deaths in Australia and when doctors first described child abuse.

Women And The Iranian Revolution2014021520140216 (WS)"How the 1979 Islamic Revolution changed Iranian women's lives, plus Solzhenitsyn's widow.

"

"How the 1979 Islamic Revolution changed Iranian women's lives, plus Solzhenitsyn's widow.

"

Women In The Law2020040420200405 (WS)
20200406 (WS)
Trailblazing British lawyer Rose Heilbron was the first female judge at London's famous Old Bailey criminal court. Her daughter Hillary Heilbron QC remembers how hard she had to fight to be accepted. Dana Denis-Smith, founder of the First 100 Years Project about the history of women in law, discusses women's participation in legal professions around the world.

Plus, being a Muslim in China, the Swedish warship restored after 300 years, the assassination that aimed to revenge the Amritsar massacre, and Pando, the biggest living organism in the world by mass.

Photo: English KC (King's Counsel) Rose Heilbron (1914 - 2005) arrives at the House of Lords in London, for the traditional champagne breakfast hosted by the Lord Chancellor at the start of the Michaelmas Term for the law courts, 2nd October 1950. (Credit William Vanderson/Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Trailblazing British lawyer Rose Heilbron, plus Muslims in China and a Swedish warship

Women's Rights In Iran2018021720180218 (WS)We hear from Mahnaz Afkhami, Iran's first ever minister for Women's Affairs, appointed in 1975. Plus, the so-called "headscarf revolutionaries" who fought for improvements in Britain's notoriously dangerous fishing industry, a member of the Viet Cong recalls one of the biggest battles of the Vietnam War, finding the lost notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, and the 1970s lesbian separatist movement in America.

Photo: Mahnaz Afkhami at the UN in 1975. (Mahnaz Afkhami)

Iran's first minister for Women's Affairs, headscarf revolutionaries and battling for Hue

"Iran's first minister for Women's Affairs, headscarf revolutionaries and battling for Hue

We hear from Mahnaz Afkhami, Iran's first ever minister for Women's Affairs, appointed in 1975. Plus, the so-called "headscarf revolutionaries" who fought for improvements in Britain's notoriously dangerous fishing industry, a member of the Viet Cong recalls one of the biggest battles of the Vietnam War, finding the lost notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, and the 1970s lesbian separatist movement in America.

Photo: Mahnaz Afkhami at the UN in 1975. (Mahnaz Afkhami)

"

Women's Rights In Iran20180218"Iran's first minister for Women's Affairs, headscarf revolutionaries and battling for Hue

We hear from Mahnaz Afkhami, Iran's first ever minister for Women's Affairs, appointed in 1975. Plus, the so-called "headscarf revolutionaries" who fought for improvements in Britain's notoriously dangerous fishing industry, a member of the Viet Cong recalls one of the biggest battles of the Vietnam War, finding the lost notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, and the 1970s lesbian separatist movement in America.

Photo: Mahnaz Afkhami at the UN in 1975. (Mahnaz Afkhami)

"

"

We hear from Mahnaz Afkhami, Iran's first ever minister for Women's Affairs, appointed in 1975. Plus, the so-called "headscarf revolutionaries" who fought for improvements in Britain's notoriously dangerous fishing industry, a member of the Viet Cong recalls one of the biggest battles of the Vietnam War, finding the lost notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, and the 1970s lesbian separatist movement in America.

Photo: Mahnaz Afkhami at the UN in 1975. (Mahnaz Afkhami)

Iran's first minister for Women's Affairs, headscarf revolutionaries and battling for Hue

"

We hear from Mahnaz Afkhami, Iran's first ever minister for Women's Affairs, appointed in 1975. Plus, the so-called "headscarf revolutionaries" who fought for improvements in Britain's notoriously dangerous fishing industry, a member of the Viet Cong recalls one of the biggest battles of the Vietnam War, finding the lost notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, and the 1970s lesbian separatist movement in America.

Photo: Mahnaz Afkhami at the UN in 1975. (Mahnaz Afkhami)

Iran's first minister for Women's Affairs, headscarf revolutionaries and battling for Hue"

World War One In Africa2014083020140831 (WS)"WWI African veterans, the suicide of a Brazilian President, escape of deadly smallpox

World War One in Africa, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil.

, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil."

"WWI African veterans, the suicide of a Brazilian President, escape of deadly smallpox

World War One in Africa, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil.

"

"WWI African veterans, the suicide of a Brazilian President, escape of deadly smallpox

World War One in Africa, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil.

"

"WWI African veterans, the suicide of a Brazilian President, escape of deadly smallpox

World War One in Africa, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil.

"

"WWI African veterans, the suicide of a Brazilian President, escape of deadly smallpox

World War One in Africa, the Merry Pranksters' LSD road trip, the first battery operated heart, the last case of smallpox and the suicide of the President who created the modern Brazil.

"

World's First Nuclear-powered Submarine2014012520140126 (WS)USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy killed; voluntary starvation for science.

The USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy executed by electric chair; the Siege of Leningrad ends; the birth of Nigeria; and the conscientious objectors who volunteered for starvation in the name of science.

PHOTO: Courtesy of the US Navy

USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy killed; voluntary starvation for science.

The USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy executed by electric chair; the Siege of Leningrad ends; the birth of Nigeria; and the conscientious objectors who volunteered for starvation in the name of science.

PHOTO: Courtesy of the US Navy

USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy killed; voluntary starvation for science.

The USS Nautilus launched; serial killer Ted Bundy executed by electric chair; the Siege of Leningrad ends; the birth of Nigeria; and the conscientious objectors who volunteered for starvation in the name of science.

PHOTO: Courtesy of the US Navy

Ww1: Britain's Conscientious Objectors2018080420180805 (WS)The treatment of Britain's First World War conscientious objectors, Iran bends the nuclear rules, the CIA's first coup in Latin America, what happened to Eastern Europe's dancing bears, and the culling in Wales of a sacred bull.

Photo: A crowd of conscientious objectors to military service during World War I at a special prison camp (Hulton Archive)

First World War conscientious objectors, Iran bends the nuclear rules, and dancing bears

"First World War conscientious objectors, Iran bends the nuclear rules, and dancing bears

The treatment of Britain's First World War conscientious objectors, Iran bends the nuclear rules, the CIA's first coup in Latin America, what happened to Eastern Europe's dancing bears, and the culling in Wales of a sacred bull.

Photo: A crowd of conscientious objectors to military service during World War I at a special prison camp (Hulton Archive)

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Ww2, Holocaust And Rome2014020120140202 (WS)"The fate of Rome's Jews, plus the Cairo Fire, and the last American diplomat in Cuba

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"The fate of Rome's Jews, plus the Cairo Fire, and the last American diplomat in Cuba

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Yoyes, Eta's Female Icon2016121720161218 (WS)The death of a Basque fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, and a Hindu milk miracle

"The death of a Basque fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, and a Hindu milk miracle

The life and untimely death of a Basque separatist fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, a medical breakthrough that prevented babies from dying in their cots, the grand old lady of Brazilian TV soaps, and the Hindu milk miracle.

Photograph: Maria Dolores Gonzalez Katarain, known as Yoyes, who was the first woman to join the leadership of the separatist group, ETA

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Yoyes, Eta's Female Icon20161218"The life and untimely death of a Basque separatist fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, a medical breakthrough that prevented babies from dying in their cots, the grand old lady of Brazilian TV soaps, and the Hindu milk miracle.

Photograph: Maria Dolores Gonzalez Katarain, known as Yoyes, who was the first woman to join the leadership of the separatist group, ETA

The death of a Basque fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, and a Hindu milk miracle

"The life and untimely death of a Basque separatist fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, a medical breakthrough that prevented babies from dying in their cots, the grand old lady of Brazilian TV soaps, and the Hindu milk miracle.

Photograph: Maria Dolores Gonzalez Katarain, known as Yoyes, who was the first woman to join the leadership of the separatist group, ETA

The death of a Basque fighter, resisting the Nazis in Lithuania, and a Hindu milk miracle

"

Zapatista Rebels In Mexico2014010420140105 (WS)The indigenous revolt which shocked Mexico; the notorious British traitor Lord Haw Haw; protests against the Shah of Iran; and the French singer Edith Piaf remembered by her friends and lovers.

An indigenous revolt in Chiapas; the traitor Lord Haw Haw; Iran protests; and Edith Piaf.

An indigenous revolt in Chiapas; the traitor Lord Haw Haw; Iran protests; and Edith Piaf.

The indigenous revolt which shocked Mexico; the notorious British traitor Lord Haw Haw; protests against the Shah of Iran; and the French singer Edith Piaf remembered by her friends and lovers.