History Hour, The [World Service]

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

Episodes

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2019012620190129 (WS)
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2019113020191203 (WS)

2019121420191217 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

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An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

2019122120191224 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

2020010420200107 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

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An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

2020011820200121 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

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2020012520200128 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

2020020820200211 (WS)

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

Adopted By The Man Who Killed My Family2018120820181211 (WS)

A child survivor of a Guatemalan army massacre during the country's brutal civil war, the women who cleared up post war Berlin, plus Armenia's 1988 earthquake, how Bokassa became Emperor of the Central African Republic, and Angela Merkel's rise to power.
Photo: Ramiro as a child in Guatemala (R.Osorio)

Child survivor of a Guatemalan army massacre, Bokassa's coronation, Armenia's earthquake

An Environmental History Special2019101920191021 (WS)

A pioneer of climate change science, UK's nuclear accident, the man who fed the world

Apollo 82018121520181218 (WS)

At Christmas 1968, the biggest audience in TV history watched NASA's Apollo 8 mission beam back the first pictures from an orbit around the Moon. The broadcast captured the world's imagination and put America ahead of the Soviet Union in the Cold War battle to make the first lunar landing. Plus, the rape of Nanking, WWII spy drama in the Netherlands and the woman who revolutionised the treatment of the dying.

Picture: The Earth as seen from the Moon, photographed by the Apollo 8 crew (NASA)

The astronauts who changed our view of the Earth, the rape of Nanking, WWII spy drama.

Autism And The Mmr Vaccine2019032320190326 (WS)

How a British doctor misled the world by linking the MMR vaccine to autism; the early rise of Hungary’s Viktor Orban also what it was like to contest the Soviet Union’s first multi-party elections plus the exposure in the 1970s of a Nazi criminal in Holland and uncovering Mexico’s Aztec past.

Photo: Dr Andrew Wakefield arrives at the General Medical Council in London to face a disciplinary panel, July 16th 2007
(Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images)

How a British doctor misled the world by linking the MMR vaccine to autism.

Black British History2019101220191014 (WS)

To mark Black History Month in the UK we look back at some landmark moments in British Black History. We hear how the famous cricketer Learie Constantine broke the colour bar, and about the Notting Hill race riots and the Bristol bus boycott. Plus, we speak to Britain’s first black female MP Diane Abbott, and one of the thousands of mixed race children born of relationships between black GIs and British women during the Second World War. With Professor Hakim Adi.

Photo: Sir Learie Constantine outside Westminster Abbey in 1966. Credit: Douglas Miller/Keystone/Getty Images.

Some landmark moments in British Black history to mark Black History Month in the UK.

Britain's Secret Propaganda War2019110920191112 (WS)

Subversive warfare and 'fake news' in World War Two, the scandal which exposed horrific Indian police violence in the 1980s, two sides of the Iran hostages crisis in 1979, the woman who transformed cancer treatment, and a defining Berlin Wall rock concert.

Photo The actress and singer Agnes Bernelle, who was recruited to be a presenter on a fake German radio station during the war)

'Fake news' in WW2, why Indian police blinded detainees and the Berlin Wall rock concert

China's Breakthrough Malaria Cure2019031620190319 (WS)

How an ancient Chinese remedy provided a 1970s breakthrough in the fight against malaria; the bombing of Dresden in the Second World War that inspired Kurt Vonnegut's anti-war novel Slaughterhouse Five; the fall of Singapore; plus the town that America built in Afghanistan's south-western desert, and 'was Lenin a mushroom' - a satirical re-writing of Soviet history.

Photo: Professor Lang Linfu (Family archives)

How an ancient Chinese remedy provided a 1970s breakthrough in the fight against malaria

Conflict Timber In Liberia's Civil War2019091420190916 (WS)

How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa, the Honduran coup that left the president holed up in an embassy plus the Indian affirmative action controversy, the first ever voyage all the way around the globe 500 years ago and the sit-com "Friends" hits TV screens worldwide.

(Photo: Timber near Buchanan in Liberia in 2010. Credit: Getty Images)

How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa.

How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa, the Honduran coup that left the president holed up in an embassy plus the Indian affirmative action controversy, the first ever voyage all the way around the globe 500 years ago and the sit-com "Friends" hits TV screens worldwide.

(Photo: Timber near Buchanan in Liberia in 2010. Credit: Getty Images)

How the timber industry fuelled a brutal civil war in West Africa.

D-day2019060820190610 (WS)

Eyewitness accounts of the Allied invasion of Nazi occupied Europe on D-day, 6th June 1944. We also hear how the BBC reported events on that momentous day. Plus Vikings in England, the Gurkhas fight for justice and discovering the fate of 'The Little Prince'

Photo: The photo titled 'The Jaws of Death' shows a landing craft disembarking US troops on Omaha beach, 6th June 1944 ( Robert Sargent / US COAST GUARD)

Eyewitness accounts of the Normandy landings, Vikings in England and the Little Prince

Drama In The British Parliament2019033020190401 (WS)

Prime Minister Jim Callaghan's desperate attempts to survive a no-confidence motion in 1979, the record-breaking 20-day balloon flight around the world; plus the Nazi past of Kurt Waldheim, mindfulness and the first home pregnancy test.

Picture: James Callaghan outside 10 Downing Street (Fox Photos/Getty)

A political crisis in Britain, ballooning around the world and mindfulness.

Exploring Space2019072020190722 (WS)

To mark the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing in July 1969, five personal accounts of landmarks in space exploration. We hear from an Apollo flight controller about the moment Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface, and from one of the astronauts who survived the Apollo 13 near disaster. Plus how Laika the dog became the first living creature in space, the pioneering woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, and Britain's attempt to put the Beagle 2 lander on Mars.

PHOTO: Buzz Aldrin on the Moon in July 1969 (Getty Images)

To mark the Apollo 11 Moon landing, personal accounts of landmarks in space exploration.

PHOTO: Buzz Aldrin on the Moon in July 1969 (Getty Images)

Fighting The Islamic State Group Online2019092820190930 (WS)

When the Islamic State group took over Mosul in Iraq in 2014 they flooded the internet with propaganda, claiming life under IS was fantastic. One historian living in the city decided to post a counter-narrative online, setting up a website called "Mosul Eye". Also in this edition, one black man's experience of growing up in Hitler's Germany; the gruesome death of the famous bullfighter Paquirri, switching on the Large Hadron Collider and the birth of the Sound of Music on Broadway in 1959.

(Photo: Mosul Eye website. BBC)

The Mosul historian who battled IS online, plus growing up black under Hitler

When the Islamic State group took over Mosul in Iraq in 2014 they flooded the internet with propaganda, claiming life under IS was fantastic. One historian living in the city decided to post a counter-narrative online, setting up a website called "Mosul Eye". Also in this edition, one black man's experience of growing up in Hitler's Germany; the gruesome death of the famous bullfighter Paquirri, switching on the Large Hadron Collider and the birth of the Sound of Music on Broadway in 1959.

(Photo: Mosul Eye website. BBC)

The Mosul historian who battled IS online, plus growing up black under Hitler

Fighting Uganda's Anti-gay Laws2019052520190527 (WS)

In 2009 Ugandan MPs tried to introduce new laws against homosexuality that would include life imprisonment and even the death penalty. We speak to Victor Mukasa about his story of fighting for LGBT rights in Uganda, first as a lesbian woman and then as a trans man. Also, the early days of the environmental organisation Greenpeace, walking the Great Wall of China and fighting acid attacks on women in Bangladesh.

(Photo: Ugandan LGBT Activist Victor Mukasa May 2019. BBC)

LBGT activism in Uganda, the start of Greenpeace, Bangladesh acid attacks, and dinosaurs.

I Saw The Soldiers Who Killed El Salvador's Priests2019112320191126 (WS)

The woman who risked her life to reveal that the army, not left-wing rebels, were responsible for the murder of six Jesuit priests in 1980s El Salvador; the moment when the Taser first hit the streets; the long legal fight to reclaim Klimt's masterpiece Woman in Gold; the man who got the Delhi metro built; and travels in Arabia with Wilfred Thesiger.

(Photo: a plaque commemorating the murdered priests in San Salvador- courtesy of David Mee)

An atrocity in El Salvador, the first Taser, and building the Delhi metro

I Was Abused By A President2019030920190312 (WS)

How allegations of child abuse engulfed Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, the campaign to return the Elgin marbles to Greece, Britain's first black headteacher, the origins of the Barbie doll and how Baroness Warsi made history.

Photo: Zoilamerica Narváez announces in a press conference that she is filing a law suit against her stepfather Daniel Ortega, March 1998 (RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images):

How scandal engulfed Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega, the Elgin marbles, Barbie's origins

'jane' - The Underground Abortion Service2019110220191105 (WS)

The feminist network that performed illegal abortions in the 1960s in Chicago, the Algerian nationals who fought alongside the French in Algeria’s war of independence and when Margaret Thatcher first expressed anti- Europe sentiment. Plus the Paris hotel that hosted Holocaust survivors at the end of the Second World War and the battle to protect the Barrier Reef.

Photo courtesy of Martha Scott

The secret 1960s US abortion network and the battle to protect the Barrier Reef.

Kenya's Ivory Inferno2019071320190715 (WS)

Twelve tonnes of ivory was set alight by President Daniel Arap Moi in Nairobi National Park in July 1989, to highlight the threat from poaching. The ivory burn was organised by conservationists who wanted to save the world's elephants. Plus, the closure of Britain's ground-breaking Common Cold Unit; Cuba executes top military officers, the Chinese allow sales of tampons and the first modern lesbian.

(Photo: Ivory tusks arranged in a pile and set alight. Credit: Andrew Holbrooke/Corbis/Getty Images)

Highlighting the threat from poaching, solving the common cold, plus China and the tampon

Rescuing Migrants In The Mediterranean2019111620191119 (WS)

In 2004, a German aid agency ship, Cap Anamur, was sailing to the Suez Canal, when it came across 37 Africans on a sinking rubber boat. The captain, Stefan Schmidt, rescued the men and headed for a port in Sicily to drop them off, but he and his crew were promptly arrested by the Italian authorities. Max Pearson finds out more about the incident and about the migration crisis that faced the European Union in later years.

Also this week, an eye-witness account of secret preparations by Hindu extremists to destroy the mosque in the Indian city of Ayodha in 1992; a grassroots struggle against pollution in America; and memories of the British war poet Wilfred Owen.

(Photo: the German aid agency ship Cap Anamur in 2004. Credit: Antonello NUSCA/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean; the demolition of the Ayodha mosque; Wilfred Owen

In 2004, a German aid agency ship, Cap Anamur, was sailing to the Suez Canal, when it came across 37 Africans on a sinking rubber boat. The captain, Stefan Schmidt, rescued the men and headed for a port in Sicily to drop them off, but he and his crew were promptly arrested by the Italian authorities. Max Pearson finds out more about the incident and about the migration crisis that faced the European Union in later years.

Also this week, an eye-witness account of secret preparations by Hindu extremists to destroy the mosque in the Indian city of Ayodha in 1992; a grassroots struggle against pollution in America; and memories of the British war poet Wilfred Owen.

(Photo: the German aid agency ship Cap Anamur in 2004. Credit: Antonello NUSCA/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean; the demolition of the Ayodha mosque; Wilfred Owen

Stopping The 'shoe Bomber'2018122220181225 (WS)

Passenger Kwame James recalls how he helped overcome the British-born Richard Reid on American Airlines flight 63. Reid had hidden explosives in his shoe which failed to go off. Plus, the US apology for the internment of thousands of Japanese Americans in WW2, the first computer password, the woman who wrote Mary Poppins and a British theatrical group tours the Sahara.

Photo: One of the shoes worn by Richard Reid on the American Airlines flight to Miami (ABC/Getty Images)

A passenger helps overcome Richard Reid, plus US apology for Japanese American internment

Storming the Stasi HQ2020011820200121 (WS)

The fall of East Germany's secret police; racism, injustice and a child execution in the US, plus the killing of Osama Bin Laden; the woman who negotiated peace in the Philippines, and the man who saved British aristocrats' country houses.

Photo Photo:East Germans streaming into the secret police headquarters in Berlin on the night of January 15th 1990. Credit: Zöllner/ullstein bild/Getty Images.

East Germany's secret police; killing Osama Bin Laden; saving aristocrats' houses

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

Strikers In Saris2019011920190122 (WS)

How South Asian women led thousands of UK workers in an industrial dispute in the late 1970s, plus Dr Crippen's alleged gruesome crime, Judy Garland's emotional last performances, the 'miracle waters' in Mexico and excitement over a whale in London's River Thames.

(PHOTO: Jayaben Desai, leader of the Grunwick strike committee holding placard 1977 Credit: Getty images)

How South Asian women led a UK industrial dispute, plus Dr Crippen and Judy Garland.

Surviving Cambodia's 'killing Fields'2019070620190708 (WS)

Life under the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, the Germans kidnapped by the Contras in Nicaragua in the 80s, plus how Aboriginal women took on the Australian government against nuclear waste, Anita Hill's stand against the promotion of Judge Clarence Thomas to the US Supreme Court and the birth of the Sony Walkman.

(PHOTO: CHOEUNG EK, CAMBODIA - 1993/02/01: Skulls are piled up at a monument situated outside Phnom Penh to serve as a constant reminder of the genocide under the Khmer Rouge during the Pol Pot years.. (Photo by Peter Charlesworth/LightRocket via Getty Images)

Life under the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, kidnapped by the Contras and the first Walkman.

The Al Yamamah Arms Deals2019042720190429 (WS)

The huge but controversial Anglo-Saudi deal, the Sri Lankan journalist who predicted his own murder, plus remembering South Africa's historic election 25 years ago, the day NATO bombed Serbian TV, and the origin of modern Veganism.
Photo: Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and King Fahd in London in 1987. Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images.

The controversial Anglo-Saudi deal, South Africa's historic election, the first "Vegan"

The Anti-nuclear Protesters Who Won2019080320190805 (WS)

The eight year protest campaign which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant at Wackersdorf in Germany, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and from more than a decade later, the death of British weapons expert David Kelly, who got caught up in the aftermath of the invasion of Iraq. Also, the Warsaw uprising of 1944 and from one of the most significant discoveries of Anglo-Saxon treasure in 1939.

Picture: demonstrators fight against police during a protest at the Wackersdorf construction site (Istvan Bajzat/DPA/PA Images)

The protest which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant in Germany.

The eight year protest campaign which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant at Wackersdorf in Germany, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and from more than a decade later, the death of British weapons expert David Kelly, who got caught up in the aftermath of the invasion of Iraq. Also, the Warsaw uprising of 1944 and from one of the most significant discoveries of Anglo-Saxon treasure in 1939.

Picture: demonstrators fight against police during a protest at the Wackersdorf construction site (Istvan Bajzat/DPA/PA Images)

The protest which stopped the construction of a nuclear reprocessing plant in Germany.

The Assassination Of Medgar Evers2019062220190624 (WS)

An African-American civil rights hero, a Chinese online star, the tragic icon of Iran's reform movement and archive recordings of the psychoanalyst CG Jung. Plus the great violinist Yehudi Menuhin's love of yoga.

Photo:Roy Wilkins and Medgar Evers Being Arrested on 1st June 1963 in Jackson, Mississippi. Credit: Getty Images

An American civil rights hero, a Chinese online star and the psychoanalyst CG Jung

The Awakenings2019121420191217 (WS)

An extraordinary medical experiment that brought the catatonic back to life; an IRA siege in the 70s; the killing of a young immigrant in New York that sparked mass protests; an attack on the Indian parliament in 2001, and the fight to build the Louvre's iconic pyramid in Paris.

Picture: Dr Concetta Tomaino (center) with Dr Oliver Sacks (right) and patient (left) (Credit: the American Music Therapy Association)

A medical experiment that brought the catatonic back to life; and an IRA siege in the 70s

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Birth Of The People's Republic Of China2019100520191007 (WS)

To mark 70 years of communist China we hear from a soldier at the founding ceremony on October 1st 1949. Also, the memories of an American friend and comrade of Mao Zedong, a Red Guard who regrets the cultural revolution and the pro-communist protests in 1960s Hong Kong, plus the economic liberalisation of the 1980s. Our guide is China expert Isabel Hilton.

Photo: An officer reads a newspaper to soldiers while they are waiting for the announcement of the foundation of the People's Republic of China on Tiananmen Square on October 1, 1949 in Beijing, China. (Credit: Visual China Group via Getty Images)

70 years of communist China, we hear from Mao's friends, followers and critics.

The book that warned of an end to civilisation2020010420200107 (WS)

In 1972 a book which outlined the possible future of the world became a best-seller. 'The Limits to Growth' was based on computer modelling which suggested that if economic growth remained unfettered, there'd be a 'traumatic' decline in civilisation from 2020. It also suggested global policy changes which could prevent a downward trend. Find out which path the world took and why...

Plus, why East German punks were targeted by the secret police in the 1980s, a top UN negotiator remembers how peace was won in El Salvador in 1991, the first black sitcom in Britain and the launch of the Chippendales - the first male strip show for women - in 1979.

Photo: Front cover of 'The Limits to Growth' published in 1972.

Environmental warnings from 1972, El Salvador, East German punks and the Chippendales.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The 'braceros' - America's Mexican Guest Workers2018112420181127 (WS)

From 1942 to 1964 the US actively encouraged American farmers to hire tens of thousands of migrant workers to come to work legally from Mexico - they were known as 'braceros'; also, when Moscow invited thousands of foreign students to attend an International Youth Festival in the former USSR; a witness to the funeral of the Duke of Wellington; plus Arafat's final weeks and why was JKF's killer allowed to defect to the Soviets?

Photo: A group of Mexican Braceros picking strawberries in a field in the Salinas Valley, California in June 1963 (Getty Images)

The US welcomes Mexican migrants, the USSR welcomes foreign students plus Arafat's death

The Cambridge Spy Network2019092120190923 (WS)

The distinguished British art historian Anthony Blunt was exposed as a former Soviet spy in 1979. He was one of a group of double agents recruited at Cambridge University who passed vital information to Moscow. The BBC's Gordon Corera explains the scandal which shook the British establishment.

Plus the Black Panther Party's free breakfast programme; the abolition of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy towards LGBT troops in the US military; Ethiopian troops in South Korea; and memories of celebrated children's author CS Lewis.

Photo: Sir Anthony Blunt at the press conference in which he explained his motivation in 1979 (Credit: Aubrey Hart/Getty Images)

The distinguished British art historian exposed as a former Soviet spy.

The distinguished British art historian Anthony Blunt was exposed as a former Soviet spy in 1979. He was one of a group of double agents recruited at Cambridge University who passed vital information to Moscow. The BBC's Gordon Corera explains the scandal which shook the British establishment.

Plus the Black Panther Party's free breakfast programme; the abolition of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy towards LGBT troops in the US military; Ethiopian troops in South Korea; and memories of celebrated children's author CS Lewis.

Photo: Sir Anthony Blunt at the press conference in which he explained his motivation in 1979 (Credit: Aubrey Hart/Getty Images)

The distinguished British art historian exposed as a former Soviet spy.

The Columbine School Shooting2019042020190422 (WS)

The memories of the brother of one of the victims of the Columbine mass school shooting; plus the story behind 'A Raisin in the Sun' - the first play on Broadway by a black woman; the world's first space tourist, the origins of organic farming and the auto-destructive art movement of the 1960s.

Photo: Students from Columbine High School run under cover from police, following a shooting spree by two masked teenagers. April 20th 1999 (Mark Leffingwell/AFP/Getty Images

Mass murder in the US, the first play on Broadway by a black woman, and space tourism.

The Computers for Schools revolution2020011120200114 (WS)

In 2009, Uruguay became the first country in the world to give a laptop computer to every child in state primary schools. We hear from the man whose initiative is credited with transforming the lives of students and teachers. Plus, a US soldier's account of the battle for the Iraqi city of Fallujah in 2004, and memories of the Brazilian rubber-tapper and environmentalist Chico Mendes.

PHOTO: Two Uruguayan children enjoying their laptops (Courtesy Plan Ceibal)

Bringing laptops into education; the battle for Fallujah; environmentalist Chico Mendes.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Computers for Schools revolution20200111

In 2009, Uruguay became the first country in the world to give a laptop computer to every child in state primary schools. We hear from the man whose initiative is credited with transforming the lives of students and teachers. Plus, a US soldier's account of the battle for the Iraqi city of Fallujah in 2004, and memories of the Brazilian rubber-tapper and environmentalist Chico Mendes.

PHOTO: Two Uruguayan children enjoying their laptops (Courtesy Plan Ceibal)

Bringing laptops into education; the battle for Fallujah; environmentalist Chico Mendes.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Cuban writer who defied Castro20191207

On 7 December 1990 the dissident Cuban novelist and poet Reinaldo Arenas killed himself in New York after years of suffering from AIDS. Before fleeing Cuba, Arenas had been jailed for his homosexuality, sent to re-education camps and prevented from writing. We hear from his friend and fellow writer, Jaime Manrique. Plus the memories of the daughter of the renowned British sculptor, Henry Moore; how the DEA helped track down Pablo Escobar; the ill-fated voyage of Shackleton's ship The Endurance; and inside one of the most notorious prison camps in post Soviet Central Asia.

(Photo: Reinaldo Arenas. Credit: Sophie Bassouls/Sygma/Sygma/Getty Images)

The life and death of Reinaldo Arenas, plus Henry Moore and tracking down Pablo Escobar

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Cuban writer who defied Castro2019120720191210 (WS)

On 7 December 1990 the dissident Cuban novelist and poet Reinaldo Arenas killed himself in New York after years of suffering from AIDS. Before fleeing Cuba, Arenas had been jailed for his homosexuality, sent to re-education camps and prevented from writing. We hear from his friend and fellow writer, Jaime Manrique. Plus the memories of the daughter of the renowned British sculptor, Henry Moore; how the DEA helped track down Pablo Escobar; the ill-fated voyage of Shackleton's ship The Endurance; and inside one of the most notorious prison camps in post Soviet Central Asia.

(Photo: Reinaldo Arenas. Credit: Sophie Bassouls/Sygma/Sygma/Getty Images)

The life and death of Reinaldo Arenas, plus Henry Moore and tracking down Pablo Escobar

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Division Of Kashmir2019081720190819 (WS)

The origins of the crisis in Kashmir, the warnings ignored about 9/11 and the arrest of the notorious terror suspect Carlos the Jackal. Plus the invention in a British back garden of the daily disposable contact lens and how Dr Seuss taught America to read.

Photo: Indian troops arriving in Kashmir in October 1947 (Getty Images)

How Kashmir was separated, the warnings about 9/11, Carlos the Jackal and Dr Seuss.

The origins of the crisis in Kashmir, the warnings ignored about 9/11 and the arrest of the notorious terror suspect Carlos the Jackal. Plus the invention in a British back garden of the daily disposable contact lens and how Dr Seuss taught America to read.

Photo: Indian troops arriving in Kashmir in October 1947 (Getty Images)

How Kashmir was separated, the warnings about 9/11, Carlos the Jackal and Dr Seuss.

The early days of the European Union2020020120200204 (WS)

The hurried signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 which led to greater European Unity, 1992 - when the British royal family started to reform its roleafter a year of scandal and disaster, the horrific gang rape which prompted India to rethink its laws, the storm which helped British tree experts make an important scientific discovery and the woman born to slaves who became the first self-made female millionaire.

Photo:

The EU in 1957, British royal family scandal and the first self-made female millionaire.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The hurried signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 which led to greater European Unity, 1992 - when the British royal family started to reform its roleafter a year of scandal and disaster, the horrific gang rape which prompted India to rethink its laws, the storm which helped British tree experts make an important scientific discovery and the woman born to slaves who became the first self-made female millionaire.

Photo:

The EU in 1957, British royal family scandal and the first self-made female millionaire.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Fall Of The Berlin Wall2019102620191029 (WS)

1989 was a seismic year in world history and ended with the fall of the Berlin Wall, the clearest symbol of the Cold War. But it was a series of events across Europe that added to the momentum. We journey back through Poland, Hungary and East Germany ahead of that historic moment in November, through the testimonies of the people who were there at the centre of events; the Solidarity movement in Poland, the protesters in Hungary and East Germany and an account from the first people to cross the wall.

(Photo: East Germans climbing onto the top of the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate after the opening of the East German border was announced in Berlin. November 9, 1989. Credit: REUTERS/Staff/Files)

A look at events across Europe in 1989 that led to the wall coming down in Germany.

The Final Days Of Sri Lanka's Civil War2019051820190520 (WS)

In May 2009 the Sri Lankan army defeated the Tamil Tigers, ending a brutal 25-year civil war; also, the economists who predicted the 2008 global economic crash, plus the Nazis' stolen children, a victim of China's One Child policy, and the building of the great Karakoram Highway.

Photo: Tamil civilians standing on the roadside after crossing to a government-controlled area 2kms from the front-line, 2009 (Getty Images)

The last battles of a brutal conflict plus how the Nazis stole children.

The First Anti-psychotic Drug2019061520190617 (WS)

How a 1950s drug helped revolutionise the treatment of mental illness. Also, how hundreds of thousands of Kosovans fled when NATO bombed former Yugoslavia. Plus, a monumental public artwork in post-Cold War Berlin, Chinese-American relations after WW2, and a trailblazing same sex wedding in the 1970s.

Photo: Nurses prepare a patient for electric shock treatment in a psychiatric hospital. (Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Getty Images)

A mental health breakthrough, the end of the Kosovan war, and a trailblazing gay wedding.

The Kindertransport Children2019083120190902 (WS)

Around 10,000 children were sent by their parents to safety in the UK out of Nazi-dominated Europe in the run-up to the outbreak of WW2 in 1939. Many of the so-called Kindertransport children never saw their parents again. We hear from Dame Stephanie Shirley who arrived in London as a five-year-old girl.
Also, how the legendary singer Nina Simone went to live in Liberia, plus a key breakthrough in criminal forensics, the lynching of a black teenager that galvanised America's civil rights movement, and the murder of Mexican young women in the border town of Ciudad Juarez.

(Photo:Getty Images)

Children fleeing the Nazis, a breakthrough in criminal forensics, plus Nina Simone

The Malayan Emergency2019050420190506 (WS)

Battling a communist insurgency in 1950s Malaya, the sinking of the Belgrano during the UK Argentine conflict, plus how Ellen DeGeneres came out to millions on US TV, also the African who made the Arctic his home because of his fear of snakes and the life of WW1 poet Rupert Brooke.

Photo: A photograph taken by a British sergeant on patrol in the Malayan jungle.. (Copyright: Keystone/Getty Images)

Battling a communist insurgency in the 50s, sinking the Belgrano and the "Arctic African"

The man who gave his voice to Stephen Hawking2019113020191203 (WS)

The story of the American scientist Dennis Klatt who pioneered synthesised speech. He used recordings of himself to make the sounds that gave physicist Stephen Hawking a voice. Plus India:struggling to live through economic shock treatment in the 1990s, also LEO the first electronic office system, the first confirmed case of AIDS in America and when Uluru, Australia's famous natural landmark was handed back to the control of the country's indigenous people.

(Photo: BOMBAY, INDIA: World-renowned physicist Stephen Hawking answers questions with the help of a voice synthesiser during a press conference at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Bombay, 06 January 2001. Credit AFP)

The scientist who pioneered synthesised speech. Plus the first US AIDS case. .

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Man Who Inspired Britain's First Aids Charity2018120120181204 (WS)

The first man in Britain to die of AIDS, whale hunting in the South Atlantic in the 1950s, how Norway voted not to join the EU, the American adventurer who inspired the Indiana Jones stories, and Saddam Hussein's draining of Iraq's southern marshes in a bid to flush out his opponents.

Picture: Terrence Higgins (Courtesy: Dr Rupert Whitaker)

The first British man to die of AIDS, 1950s whale hunting, and the real Indiana Jones

The Mass Exodus Of Algeria's 'pieds Noirs'2019081020190812 (WS)

The French colonialists who returned to France after decades in Algeria, the Catholic welcome when the British army was first deployed to Northern Ireland, plus the US nuclear submarine that went under the north pole, Britain's last battle in China in WW2 and the introduction of Community Service to help relieve overcrowded prisons.

(Photo: French repatriates leaving Algeria May 1962. (Photo by REPORTERS ASSOCIES/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Why French returnees from the colony of Algeria were ostracised after independence.

The mystery of the disappearing frogs2020012520200128 (WS)

This week we're looking at extinction. The deadly fungus that's killing amphibians, the story of the Dodo, plus why discovering that whales 'sing' helped to save them. Also, the book that changed attitudes to the environment and the 'Frozen Zoo' that aims to preserve endangered DNA for future generations.

(Photo: dead frog infected with Chytrid Fungus. Credit: Forrest Brem)

How scientists discovered that a deadly fungus was killing off amphibians.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The mystery of the disappearing frogs20200125

This week we're looking at extinction. The deadly fungus that's killing amphibians, the story of the Dodo, plus why discovering that whales 'sing' helped to save them. Also, the book that changed attitudes to the environment and the 'Frozen Zoo' that aims to preserve endangered DNA for future generations.

(Photo: dead frog infected with Chytrid Fungus. Credit: Forrest Brem)

How scientists discovered that a deadly fungus was killing off amphibians.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Outbreak Of World War Two2019090720190909 (WS)

On September 1st 1939 German forces invaded Poland. Douglas Slocombe, a British cameraman, was there at the time and filmed the build-up to the war. Also the man who resisted the Sicilian Mafia in the 1990s plus the first all-female peacekeeping force, the defining trial of holocaust denial and why Apollo 11's astronauts were put in quarantine after their historic landing on the moon.

(Image: German citizens in Gdansk (also known as Danzig) welcoming German troops during the invasion of Poland on September 3rd 1939. Credit:EPA/National Digital Archive Poland.)

Eyewitness account of the Nazi invasion of Poland and the first all-female peacekeepers.

On September 1st 1939 German forces invaded Poland. Douglas Slocombe, a British cameraman, was there at the time and filmed the build-up to the war. Also the man who resisted the Sicilian Mafia in the 1990s plus the first all-female peacekeeping force, the defining trial of holocaust denial and why Apollo 11's astronauts were put in quarantine after their historic landing on the moon.

(Image: German citizens in Gdansk (also known as Danzig) welcoming German troops during the invasion of Poland on September 3rd 1939. Credit:EPA/National Digital Archive Poland.)

Eyewitness account of the Nazi invasion of Poland and the first all-female peacekeepers.

The Return Of The Wolf2019082420190826 (WS)

Why the wolf was brought back to the US in the 1990s and the history of "rewilding", plus the liberation of Paris 75 years on, the missing children from El Salvador's civil war, the life and death of Brazil's legendary president Vargas, and the man who wanted to be a cyborg.

Photo:.A Yellowstone wolf watches biologists after being tranquilized and fitted with a radio collar during wolf collaring operations in Yellowstone National Park (William Campbell/Sygma via Getty Images)

Restoring the wolf in the US, the liberation of Paris and El Salvador's lost children

The Romanian revolution20191221

In this edition the fall of the Ceaușescus in Romania in December 1989, a global panic over bees in the early 2000s and WW2 black GIs finally recognised decades after the war. Plus the building of Abuja as Nigeria's capital and a woman's right to pray in some Hindu temples in India.

(Photo: The army join the revolutionaries in Romania 1989. Credit: Getty Images)

In December 1989 a wave of protests finally deposed communist dictator Nicolae Ceau\u0219escu.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Romanian revolution2019122120191224 (WS)

In this edition the fall of the Ceaușescus in Romania in December 1989, a global panic over bees in the early 2000s and WW2 black GIs finally recognised decades after the war. Plus the building of Abuja as Nigeria's capital and a woman's right to pray in some Hindu temples in India.

(Photo: The army join the revolutionaries in Romania 1989. Credit: Getty Images)

In December 1989 a wave of protests finally deposed communist dictator Nicolae Ceau\u0219escu.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan2019122820191231 (WS)

On 24th December 1979 Soviet troops poured into Afghanistan in support of an anti-government coup. The Soviet occupation would last for nine years.

Plus, the hidden history of the board game Monopoly, the invention of chemotherapy, the heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam war at Christmas 1972, and the street-performer origins of the global circus phenomenon Cirque du Soleil.

Picture: Russian tanks take up positions in front of the Darulaman (Abode of Peace) Palace in Kabul, January 1980. (Henri Bureau/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images)

The Soviet-Afghan war, the invention of chemotherapy, and Cirque du Soleil.

An hour of historical reporting told by the people who were there.

The Stonewall Riot2019062920190701 (WS)

The riot that inspired the modern gay rights movement; Saddam Hussein's 1980s genocidal campaign against Iraq's Kurds; notorious British serial killers, Fred and Rose West; 50 years of fighting for fat people in America; and Joseph Heller on his seminal work, Catch-22.

Picture: the Stonewall Inn today (Getty Images)

The riot that inspired the gay rights movement; genocide against the Kurds; and Catch-22

The War On Drugs2019051120190513 (WS)

US efforts to deal with illegal drugs in 1971, plus the rise of Jack Ma in China.

Tiananmen Square2019060120190603 (WS)

A student protester's perspective on the Tiananmen Square massacre, the first social network on the internet, the surprisingly controversial early years of Sesame Street, the overthrow of Emperor Bokassa in the CAR, and the death of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

Picture: Dan Wang speaking in Tiananmen Square (credit: Peter Turnley/Corbis/Getty Images)

Remembering Tiananmen Square, the internet's first social network, and Sesame Street

Picture: Dan Wang speaking in Tiananmen Square (credit: Peter Turnley/Corbis/Getty Images)

Ufo Sightings: The Rendlesham Forest Incident2018122920190101 (WS)

The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been plus the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the theft of the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey in 1950 also one of the first electronic instruments and how Britain has long honoured its' military animals.

(Photo: Computer illustration of UFOs - Unidentified Flying Objects)

The most striking and well documented UFO "sightings" there have ever been.

Vikings In North America2019010520190108 (WS)

The discovery that proved the Vikings got to North America, a former Marxist rebel describes how his group overran an army base in El Salvador's bitter civil war in the 1980s, the enormous palace built by the Romanian communist dictator, Nicole Ceausescu, how the prolific romantic novelist Barbara Cartland was made a Dame by the Queen and the summer of 1987 when thousands of tins of marijuana washed up on a Brazilian beach.

Photo: Replicas of Norse houses from 1000 years ago at L'Anse aux Meadows. (LightRocket/Getty Images)

Exciting discovery in Canada plus a rebel attack in Central America and Brazilian booty.

When Stalin Rounded Up Soviet Doctors2019011220190115 (WS)

Stalin's last terror campaign against the best Soviet doctors, Castro's triumphant entry into Havana, the extraordinary story of how a destitute single mother produced a best selling memoir about her life in a Brazilian favela. Also, the controversy over 'Fat Is a Feminist Issue', and the world's only seed vault.

Photo: Yakov Rapoport, one of the few survivors of Stalin's 'Doctors' Plot'. Credit: family archive.

Stalin's last terror campaign, Fidel Castro takes over Havana, and the world's seed vault

When Tunisia Led On Women's Rights2019072720190729 (WS)

Liberation for Tunisia's women in the 1950s; gay and lesbian fake marriages in China