|01||01||Murphy's Law||20200817||“If anything can go wrong, it will go wrong.” Murphy’s Law is now a part of our culture, used to describe wrong outcomes of every sort, from how buttered toast falls to the way catastrophes strike.|
People have uttered similar laments since time immemorial. But the modern origin of the phrase traces back to two men on one fateful day in 1949 at Edwards Air Force Base in California: Colonel John Stapp whose work would later save countless lives in safer cars and airplanes and Captain Ed Murphy whose contributions would lead to safer cockpit controls and foretell the development of better computers and software.
Robin Ince uncovers their tangled tale which sprang from a series of mishaps when what could go wrong did go wrong, risking life and limb for the rider, and how, ironically, the origin of Murphy’s Law went unnoticed by Murphy himself.
But does this law simply tap into our tendency to dwell on the negative and overlook the positive? Or are the rules of probability - the mathematical likeliness that something will occur - sufficient to support it? We hear how the mathematician whose car’s clutch ceased to function 100km from home, at night in the middle of a rainstorm with no phone and a flooded tool kit, came up with the definitive equation to predict how often things really do go wrong for no good reason.
Producer: Adrian Washbourne
Comedian Robin Ince explores laws that govern our lives that really aren't, but should be.
|01||03||Betteridges Law Of Headlines||20200824||If a newspaper headline ends in a question mark, is the answer always no? And if so, are journalists who use them being lazy and cynical?|
Ian Betteridge described what is now known as Betteridge's Law of Headlines in a small blog post in 2009. Is it still relevant in our current age of clickbait and media bubbles? Robin Ince puts these questions to Caroline Frost, an ethicist, entertainment journalist and broadcaster, often seen reviewing the papers on a Sunday night on the BBC News Channel, and to Gemma Milne, a tech journalist and author of a book about the dangers of hype in science journalism called "Smoke and Mirrors".
|01||04||The Peter Principle||20200827|
|01||05 LAST||Stigler's Law||20200903||Stephen M. Stigler's Law of Eponymy states that no scientific discovery is named after its original discoverer. |
Prof Stigler, a statistician at Chicago University, defined his own law in a tributary paper to his friend the sociologist Robert Merton, in 1980. Merton was famous in sociology for writing about the "self-fulfilling prophecy", amongst other things, and also for a long treatise about how often the same law or principle in science has been discovered multiple times by different people.
(Merton also wrote about how Isaac Newton's famous phrase "Standing on the Shoulders of Giants" wasn't even his own metaphor). Stigler's amusing and humble paper was thus, despite having some new statistical insights into the phenomenon, a jovial tribute to his friend's earlier insight.
It self-fulfilled the eponymous point.
But the joke, and the law, stuck, and it continues to ask important questions about the nature of knowledge, the sociology - and the popular history - of science itself.