|01||Spqr And Pie||20070319||20070507||Michael Rosen embarks on the long and winding linguistic road through the roots of European language.|
Sanskrit, Welsh, Iranian and Norwegian, not to mention English, French and German all share a common linguistic ancestry, being descendants of a hypothetical Proto-Indo-European root (PIE).
And how influential were the Romans?
|02||From Amish To Wood Frisian||20070320||20070508||The Germanic family of languages counts over 550 million native speakers, and includes English, Faroese, Afrikaans, Dutch and, of course, German.|
The Germanic family of languages counts over 550 million native speakers, from Australia (English) to the Faroe Islands (Faroese), to South Africa (Afrikaans) to Holland and, of course, Germany.
|03||The Romance Of Romance||20070321||20070509||In Catalan and French, Jersey dialect and Lombard, it's or; in Italian and Spanish, oro; and Romanians and Occitanians say aur.|
Michael goes panning for gold along the Romance language road.
For gold, along the Romance language road, in Catalan and French, Jersey dialect and Lombard, it's or; in Italian and Spanish, oro; while Romanians and Occitanians say aur.
|04||Marche Slave||20070322||20070510||From vampires to vodka: 1,900 years ago, the Slavic family of languages spread west, probably originally from the Ukraine, to cover much of central Europe.|
|05 LAST||The Song Of The Celt||20070514||20070910||The Celtic languages of Europe once stretched as far east as Turkey and as far south as Spain.|
So why today are Celtic tongues only widely spoken in Ireland, Wales, Brittany and Scotland?
|06||Splendid Isolation||20070515||20070911||Many Europeans find being in Budapest, Helsinki, or even Bilbao disorientating.|
Nothing makes sense.
Why? The so-called Finno-Ugric and the utterly unique Basque languages are under the microscope.
|07||Frontiers Of The Tongue||20070516||20070912||What happens when two very different language families rub up against each other? Is it a case of oil and water, or do they merge happily into a new hybrid linguistic brew? Luxembourg, Brussels and Strasbourg all have different stories to tell.|
|08||Last Chance To Hear||20070517||20070913||The death of languages is rarely reported, yet Europe is littered with language corpses.|
What causes languages to cease to exist? Are ancient dialects seriously threatened? And should we be marching to save Swedish?
|09||Lost Your Tongue?||20071105||Punjabi, Sylheti, Vietnamese, Hausa and many others have travelled to Europe with their native speakers, yet immediately find themselves surrounded by English, French, German, Dutch and the rest.|
So what does it take for a non-native language to survive, flourish or simply die?
|10||He's My Spar||20071106||In recent years, many elements of, for example, Caribbean creoles have begun to spread widely into the broader population.|
What effect has the arrival of these speakers had on native European languages?
|11||English Spoken Here||20071107||With all-German academic conferences now being conducted exclusively in English, Michael Rosen explores the expanding world of non-native English speakers in Europe.|
What dangers lurk both for indigenous European languages, and for the purity of English?
|12||Standards And Flags||20071108||In his last essay about Europe and its languages, Michael Rosen explores the way standard British English is maintained, finds out about linguistic legislation, and asks whether there's a future for learning modern European languages in an English-dominated world.|