The story of our times told by the people who were there.


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 Vietnam War2009102620100101 (WS)
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Why Britain resisted America's invitations to join the Vietnam War.



























































































































When the US was fighting the war in Vietnam during the 1960s, although Australia and New Zealand sent troops to fight with them - the UK did not.
Denis Healey, Britain's Defence Minister at the time, talks to Witness about why his government was able to resist American invitations to join the war. He also gives his view on Tony Blair's decision to join the US in the invasion of Iraq.
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 Afghan Coup Part One20091228 It's exactly thirty years since Soviet forces overthrew the Afghan government.
Thirty years ago Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the govermnent in Kabul.
In the first of two programmes marking those events Lucy Williamson hears from a young eyewitness to events.
 Afghan Coup Part Two20091229 It's exactly thirty years since Soviet soldiers invaded Afghanistan - part two.
In the second of two programmes marking thirty years since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Lucy Williamson brings together two people who lived through those events.
One from each side of the conflict.
 Saddam Execution20091230 What was it like growing up in the shadow of Saddam Hussein?
On the 30th of December 2006 the former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was executed for crimes against humanity.
But what was it like growing up in his shadow? Lucy Williamson investigates.
 The Millenium Bug20091231 Ten years ago on New Year's Eve computer experts were preparing themselves for disaster.
On New Year's Eve 1999, although most of the world was partying, there were worries that the beginning of the year 2000 could lead to all sorts of computer problems.
They called it the Millenium Bug.
 Ghana Coup20100101 How a New Year's coup in Ghana led to changes for the country's journalists.
We take you back almost thirty years to a New Year's Eve coup in Ghana - and journalists in the capital have to be on their guard.
Witness [World Service]Ghana Coup20100101 We take you back almost thirty years to a New Year's Eve coup in Ghana - and journalists in the capital have to be on their guard.
Witness [World Service]Ghana Coup20100101  
Witness [World Service]Ghana Coup20100101 How a New Year's coup in Ghana led to changes for the country's journalists.
Witness [World Service]Ghana Coup20100101  
 Airlift To America20100104 In the late 1950s a plan to educate young Africans leaders is born.
A scholarship programme for young Africans which started in the late 1950s eventually led to the first african-american President of the United States.
Claire Bowes looks into the African Airlift Foundation.
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104 A scholarship programme for young Africans which started in the late 1950s eventually led to the first african-american President of the United States. Claire Bowes looks into the African Airlift Foundation.
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104  
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104 In the late 1950s a plan to educate young Africans leaders is born.
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104  
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104 In the late 1950s a plan to educate young Africans leaders is born.
Witness [World Service]Airlift To America20100104  
 Ethiopian Jews20100105 How one Ethiopian jew made the trip to Israel and the culture shock that awaited him.
How a young man left his home and family in rural Ethiopia and made the dangerous journey to modern-day Israel as part of a secret operation to rescue his people.
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105 How a young man left his home and family in rural Ethiopia and made the dangerous journey to modern-day Israel as part of a secret operation to rescue his people.
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105  
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105 How one Ethiopian jew made the trip to Israel and the culture shock that awaited him.
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105  
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105 How one Ethiopian jew made the trip to Israel and the culture shock that awaited him.
Witness [World Service]Ethiopian Jews20100105  
 26/10/200920100106  
 Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106 When Marxist rebels began their fight against the government of Ethiopia in the 1970s, they were willing to use any means to further their cause. Jon Swain was a young journalist who, for a time, was caught up in their fight.
Witness [World Service]Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106  
Witness [World Service]Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106 How a young journalist ended up spending rather more time in Ethiopia than he'd planned.
Witness [World Service]Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106  
Witness [World Service]Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106 How a young journalist ended up spending rather more time in Ethiopia than he'd planned.
Witness [World Service]Kidnap In Ethiopia20100106  
 26/10/200920100107  
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107 The outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 led to millions of deaths - most of them civilian. Witness hears one man's story of the loss and hardships brought by war.
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107  
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107 It's sixty years since the beginning of the Korean War - one man remembers that time.
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107  
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107 It's sixty years since the beginning of the Korean War - one man remembers that time.
Witness [World Service]Korean War20100107  
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Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108 The Irish Republican Army began its fight against British rule in January 1919. Witness hears stories from a former IRA fighter, and a child of those times.
Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108  
Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108 Memories of the Irish war of independence which began over 90 years ago this month.
Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108  
Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108 Memories of the Irish war of independence which began over 90 years ago this month.
Witness [World Service]Irish War Of Independence20100108  
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Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111 It was the late 1950s when a young Frenchman, who now goes by the name Ted Morgan, was conscripted to fight for France against Algeria's freedom fighters. Over fifty years later he is still haunted by what he saw, and did, during that war.
Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111  
Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111 One man's experience of the Algerian war of Independence.
Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111  
Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111 One man's experience of the Algerian war of Independence.
Witness [World Service]The Battle Of Algiers20100111  
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Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112 Students in London in the 1960s believed that they could change the world with occupations and sit-ins. When the authorities built steel gates at the London School of Economics - the students couldn't let them stand. Our history programme Witness hears from two former revolutionaries about those heady days of protest.
Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112  
Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112 How students in the sixties brought the London School of Economics to a halt.
Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112  
Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112 How students in the sixties brought the London School of Economics to a halt.
Witness [World Service]Revolution At The Lse20100112  
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113 Yemen has hit the headlines because of the news that the Detroit plane-bomber had received training there. The country is plagued with problems: Al-Qaeda activity, and rebels in both the North and South. But in 1994 Yemen was in complete chaos, as civil war tore it apart. Tim Macintosh Smith has been living in Yemen for over 25 years - he tells Witness his story.
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113  
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113 Yemen is the news because of al-Qaeda, but in the 90s, its civil war made the headlines.
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113  
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113 Yemen is the news because of al-Qaeda, but in the 90s, its civil war made the headlines.
Witness [World Service]Yemen20100113  
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Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114 The deaths of hundreds of thousands of Armenians during World War 1 still casts a shadow over the country's relationship with neighbouring Turkey. Tom Esslemont has been listening to the memories of two elderly Armenian survivors of that time.
Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114  
Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114 Remembering the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Armenians over 90 years ago.
Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114  
Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114 Remembering the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Armenians over 90 years ago.
Witness [World Service]Armenia20100114  
 26/10/200920100115  
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115 It is exactly 40 years since the Republic of Biafra ceased to exist. After two and a half years of war and starvation, its founders had given up the fight - and surrendered to Nigerian forces. But what was it like fighting for such a tiny state, against such huge odds? Claire Bowes hears from a former member of the Biafran Air Force, Canice Umenwaliri.
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115  
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115 It's exactly 40 years since the Biafran war of independence from Nigeria ended in failure.
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115  
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115 It's exactly 40 years since the Biafran war of independence from Nigeria ended in failure.
Witness [World Service]Biafra20100115  
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Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118 Two very different women tell Witness their stories of exile from Iran. One of them is the former Empress Farah Pahlavi, who left during the upheaval of 1979.
Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118  
Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118 Two women tell their stories of exile because of the revolution in Iran over 30 years ago.
Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118  
Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118 Two women tell their stories of exile because of the revolution in Iran over 30 years ago.
Witness [World Service]Shah Into Exile20100118  
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Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119 Coalition troops in Afghanistan face many of the same challenges that Soviet troops faced in the country more than twenty years ago. Witness has been speaking to Soviet veterans of that war.
Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119  
Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119 Over twenty years ago Soviet troops were fighting in Afghanistan - we hear from veterans.
Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119  
Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119 Over twenty years ago Soviet troops were fighting in Afghanistan - we hear from veterans.
Witness [World Service]Soviet Veterans20100119  
 26/10/200920100120  
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120 It was in January 1926 that John Logie Baird first demonstrated his 'televisor' in public. It was the prototype for television. But initially many people couldn't believe what they were seeing, whilst others believed that even if it did work - it was a pointless invention.
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120  
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120 How John Logie Baird tried to convince people that TV could work.
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120  
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120 How John Logie Baird tried to convince people that TV could work.
Witness [World Service]History Of Tv20100120  
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Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121 Papa Doc, and Baby Doc Duvalier were the infamous father and son rulers of Haiti who helped strip the country of its resources, and leave it mired in a culture of fear and misrule. A history which makes it even less able to cope with the aftermath of an earthquake. Witness hears from Lord Leslie Griffiths about his time in Haiti, and his meetings with both father and son.
Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121  
Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121 How the father and son regime of the Duvaliers affected the already poor country of Haiti.
Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121  
Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121 How the father and son regime of the Duvaliers affected the already poor country of Haiti.
Witness [World Service]Haiti Duvaliers20100121  
 26/10/200920100122  
 Witness20100122 Queen Victoria died exactly 109 years ago today - we hear from her shocked subjects.
In 1901 Queen Victoria ruled over an empire encompassing nearly a quarter of the globe.
She was the most famous woman alive so why did her death - at the age of 81 - come as such a shock? We hear from some of the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122 In 1901 Queen Victoria ruled over an empire encompassing nearly a quarter of the globe. She was the most famous woman alive so why did her death - at the age of 81 - come as such a shock? We hear from some of the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122  
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122 Queen Victoria died exactly 109 years ago today - we hear from her shocked subjects.
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122  
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122 Queen Victoria died exactly 109 years ago today - we hear from her shocked subjects.
Witness [World Service]Witness20100122  
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 Idi Amin20100125 In 1971 the notorious Ugandan dictator Idi Amin took power.
It was a day of great joy.
Overthrowing a government in Uganda is not an easy job.
We hear from a soldier who helped bring Idi Amin to power in 1971.
It was a day of great joy, armoured vehicles were decorated with flowers and girls threw themselves at him!
But three years later with rumours of human rights abuses growing he's persuaded to help overthrow him.
But when that goes wrong he ends up face to face with the dictator.
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125 Overthrowing a government in Uganda is not an easy job. We hear from a soldier who helped bring Idi Amin to power in 1971. It was a day of great joy, armoured vehicles were decorated with flowers and girls threw themselves at him!
But three years later with rumours of human rights abuses growing he's persuaded to help overthrow him. But when that goes wrong he ends up face to face with the dictator.
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125  
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125 In 1971 the notorious Ugandan dictator Idi Amin took power. It was a day of great joy.
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125  
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125 In 1971 the notorious Ugandan dictator Idi Amin took power. It was a day of great joy.
Witness [World Service]Idi Amin20100125  
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 Somalia 199120100126 What was it like living in Mogadishu at the height of Somalia's civil war?
Somalia has been in a state of civil war for almost 20 years now.
We talk to one man who headed back to Mogadishu when the fighting was fierce - not to join the battle, but to help the sick and injured.
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126 Somalia has been in a state of civil war for almost 20 years now. We talk to one man who headed back to Mogadishu when the fighting was fierce - not to join the battle, but to help the sick and injured.
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126  
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126 What was it like living in Mogadishu at the height of Somalia's civil war?
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126  
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126 What was it like living in Mogadishu at the height of Somalia's civil war?
Witness [World Service]Somalia 199120100126  
 26/10/200920100127  
 Hitler's Book20100127 The story of a young American soldier and the book he found in Hitler's house.
When US troops made it to Hitler's mountain retreat in Berchtesgaden at the end of World War Two, many of them looked for souvenirs to take home with them.
One soldier found a large book, full of pictures which he carried around for the rest of the war.
He's only just found out what it is.
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127 When US troops made it to Hitler's mountain retreat in Berchtesgaden at the end of World War Two, many of them looked for souvenirs to take home with them. One soldier found a large book, full of pictures which he carried around for the rest of the war. He's only just found out what it is.
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127  
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127 The story of a young American soldier and the book he found in Hitler's house.
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127  
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127 The story of a young American soldier and the book he found in Hitler's house.
Witness [World Service]Hitler's Book20100127  
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Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128 When the Palestinian journalist Abdel Bari Atwan agreed to go and interview Osama bin Laden fourteen years ago, he was apprehensive. By the time he reached his mountain hideout - he was shaken and scared -but what was the man himself really like?
Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128  
Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128 What is Osama bin Laden really like? Witness talks to someone who knows.
Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128  
Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128 What is Osama bin Laden really like? Witness talks to someone who knows.
Witness [World Service]Meeting Osama20100128  
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129 When Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated - India came to a halt. Witness has been searching through the BBC's sound archive to paint a picture of that time.
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129  
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129 The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129  
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129 The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.
Witness [World Service]Gandhi20100129  
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 Palestine Post20100201 The bombing of a Jewish newspaper in Jerusalem over 60 years ago.
The Palestine Post was the precursor to today's Jerusalem Post - and back in 1948, just before the birth of Israel - it was a target for bombers.
A former journalist remembers.
Witness [World Service]Palestine Post20100201 Mordechai Chertoff was the foreign editor on the Palestine Post (precursor to the Jerusalem Post) when it was bombed in 1948. He tells Witness how, despite the attack, the newspaper still came out the next morning.
Witness [World Service]Palestine Post20100201  
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 Miracle On Ice20100222 When the US hockey team met their Russian rivals at the 1980 Olympics, tensions were high.
When the USA and the Soviet Union met in an ice-hockey match during the 1980 Winter Olympics - political tensions were high.
Witness hears from two of the players who took part.
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 Playboy Club20100301 Fifty years ago the first Playboy Club opened in Chicago - with bunnies.
When Hugh Hefner opened his first Playboy Club in Chicago fifty years ago he decided to dress all the bargirls and waitresses in bunny costumes.
They were known as Bunnygirls - in today's programme we hear from a former Bunnygirl, and Hugh Hefner himself.
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 Tower Bridge Jet20100405 Why one man flew his fighter jet through Tower Bridge in London.
It was on April 5th 1968 that a young pilot in Britain's Royal Air Force decided to protest against the UK government.
He chose to do it by flying through central London in a jet fighter.
 Rwanda Genocide20100406 On April 6th 1994 the genocide in Rwanda began.
Journalist Lindsey Hilsum lived through it
The killing that began in Rwanda on April 6th 1994, was to last for 100 days.
Hundreds of thousands of people were killed by their fellow citizens.
Journalist Lindsey Hilsum was there.
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 Beirut Bombing20100419 The US Embassy in Beirut was attacked by a suicide bomber in April 1983.
In April 1983 a suicide bomb attack against the US Embassy in Beirut changed relations between America and the Islamic world forever.
Ryan Crocker tells Witness about the bombing - and its aftermath.
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 Hitler's Death20100430 It's exactly 65 years since Adolf Hitler killed himself in a bunker in Berlin.
The German leader Adolf Hitler killed himself on April 30th 1945. Berlin was surrounded by Soviet troops and World War Two was nearing its end. Witness brings you firsthand accounts of his death.
 U2 Spy Plane20100503 An american U2 spy-plane was shot down over the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
When an american U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory in 1960, its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive.
Witness tells the story of his survival, and his subsequent trial and imprisonment in Moscow.
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 Cultural Revolution20100517 In May 1966 China felt the first stirrings of the Cultural Revolution.
Over forty years ago, the Cultural Revolution swept over Communist China.
Lucy Williamson talks to a former schoolgirl who joined the Red Guard.
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 Watergate20100531 US President Richard Nixon was brought down by the Watergate inquiry.
Senator Howard Baker was a Republican supporter of US President Richard Nixon.
But in the 1970s he served on the Watergate committee which eventually led to the president's resignation.
He talks to Witness.
 Palestinian Story2010060120100607In 1948 the creation of Israel led to many Palestinians becoming refugees.
The creation of the state of Israel in 1948, led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians.
We hear one man's story from that time.
 Jeopardy20100602 is a popular American quiz show.
Ken Jennings is the man who kept on winning it.
Ken Jennings is the man who won the popular US quiz show Jeopardy more times than anyone else.
He tells Witness how it felt during his winning streak.
Jeopardy is a popular American quiz show.
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 Peron Returns20100621 In 1973 Juan Peron returned to Argentina from exile.
But his homecoming turned to chaos.
When former President Juan Peron returned to Argentina from exile in 1973 he was greeted by a crowd of millions at the airport.
But chaos soon broke out.
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 African Embassy Bombings20100809 The simultaneous bomb attacks on two United States embassies in Africa in 1998.
A Kenyan man blinded during a bomb attack on the US embassy in Nairobi tells Witness how he's come to terms with his injuries.
Other survivors describe that day.
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 The Kursk Disaster20100812 It's exactly 10 years since the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk sank in the Barents sea.
When the submarine Kursk went missing on a training exercise - teams of experts from around the world offered to help.
One of them tells Witness how it feels to be stuck at the bottom of the sea.
 Partition - Part 120100813 When India gained independence it was split into 2 new countries, India and Pakistan.
The Partition of India led to millions of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs having to flee their homes during terrible religious violence.
This is the first of two editions of Witness remembering that time.
 India's Partition - Part Two20100816 When India gained independence it was split into two new countries - India and Pakistan
The Partition of India led to millions of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs fleeing their homes during terrible religious violence.
This is the second of two programmes remembering that time.
Listen to the story of Chandra Joashi, who was only twelve years old when his family was caught on the wrong side of the dividing line.
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 The Baltic Chain Protest20100823 How millions of people in the Baltic states held hands to protest against Soviet rule.
One of the key moments in the protests in Eastern Europe in 1989 came when millions of people in the Baltic states formed a human chain by holding hands across their three countries.
It was a key point in what became known as the Singing Revolution.
Witness talks to one of the organisers of a protest which defied the might of the Soviet Union.
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 Hurricane Katrina20100830 A New Orleans deacon describes how his community survived Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
It's five years since Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast of America.
Witness speaks to Harold Toussaint, a deacon from New Orleans who refused to evacuate so he could help his community survive in the rising flood waters.
 Libya Coup20100831 In 1969, a group of Libyan army officers take power in an overnight coup.
Before dawn on 1 September 1969, a group of army officers seized control of Libya from the reigning monarch.
Among them was a young soldier called Muammar Qadhafi.
Witness hears from two Libyans who experienced those heady and confusing events.
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 Lord Mountbatten20100906 , pillar of the British establishment, was killed by the IRA in 1979.
On September 5th 1979, world leaders and European royalty gathered in London for the funeral of Lord Mountbatten.
He'd been killed in a bomb attack by Irish republicans.
His grandson Timothy Knatchbull tells Witness about the day he lost, not just his grandfather, but his identical twin brother
Lord Mountbatten, pillar of the British establishment, was killed by the IRA in 1979.
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 Wolfenden Report On Homosexuality20100909 In 1957, a government committee shocked Britain by calling for homosexuality to be legal.
In the 1950s, the British government clamped down on what it considered a plague of homosexuality.
Hundreds of men were arrested and sent to jail.
For Witness, one gay man recalls those times and his reaction to the first report calling for homosexuality to be made legal.
 Chile Coup20100910 The playwright, Ariel Dorfman, recalls the coup in Chile in September 1973.
The playwright, Ariel Dorfman, is renowned internationally for works such as Death and the Maiden, which examines how societies can become complicit with torture.
Much of his work is inspired by the coup in Chile on 11 September 1973.
Ariel Dorfman was then an advisor to President Salvador Allende, who died that day, as did many of his colleagues.
By a twist of fate, the young playwright survived.
Ever since, he has been reflecting on the coup and the military repression that followed.
story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Star Trek20100913 How the sci-fi classic Star Trek was born.
Herb Solow was head of the TV studio which made the first series of Star Trek.
He tells Witness how it became a success despite the early bad reviews.
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 Bokassa's Downfall20100920 In 1979 the Emperor of the Central African Republic, Jean Bedel Bokassa, was overthrown.
It was on September 20th 1979 that French forces drove the Central African dictator, Jean Bedel Bokassa from power.
Witness remembers his rule, and his downfall.
(Photo: Bokassa at his coronation.
Getty Images).
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 Iran-iraq War20100922 On September 22nd 1980 Saddam Hussein sent Iraqi troops into Iran.
The Iran-Iraq War lasted for eight years and was to become one of the bloodiest wars in recent history.
Pooneh Ghoddoosi was just a child when it started - a teenager when it ended.
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 Last Days Of Nasser20101001 A chauffeur recalls the dramatic final days of President Nasser of Egypt.
President Nasser of Egypt electrified the Arab world with his charisma and his dream of Arab nationalism uniting the Middle East.
His death in 1970 was a traumatic moment for millions of Egyptians.
Witness speaks to a former Egyptian chauffeur who observed Nasser's final days first-hand.
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 Che Guevara20101008 On the 9th of October 1967 Che Guevara was killed by armed forces in the Bolivian jungle.
After Che Guevara was executed in the Bolivian jungle, his body was put on display as proof of his death.
Journalist Richard Gott, who saw it, says that's when his legend really began to take off.
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 Land Speed Record20101015 October 15th 1997 a British team set a land speed record which still hasn't been beaten.
Andy Green was the driver who travelled faster than the speed of sound - in a car - to set the world land speed record.
He tells Witness how it happened.
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 Death Of The Dodo20101029 Why did the Dodo become extinct?
First discovered on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in the late 16th Century - the Dodo was extinct within a few decades.
But what led to its demise? Using contemporary accounts from sailors and naturalists, Witness investigates.
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 Burma Elections20101105 It's twenty years since Burma last held a general election.
We hear from someone who was there about the atmosphere, the excitement and the risks of living through that time.
What was it like to vote in Burma's last general election in 1990?
 Rabin Assassination20101105 It is exactly 15 years since the Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated.
On November 4th 1995 the Israeli rock star Aviv Geffen sang at a peace rally in Tel Aviv alongside Israel's leader Yitzhak Rabin.
Moments later the Prime Minister was shot.
Aviv Geffen talks to Witness about that night, and its effect on his life.
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 Princess Diana And Panorama20101119 It is 15 years since Princess Diana spoke openly about the breakdown of her marriage.
The week that Prince William chose to announce his engagement coincides with the anniversary of an interview that the late Princess Diana gave to the BBC TV programme Panorama.
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 Freddie Mercury20101126 The last days of Freddie Mercury battle with Aids.
Freddie Mercury's personal assistant remembers the last days of the musician's battle with Aids.
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 Kindertransports20101203 In December 1938 the Kindertransports began, carrying Jewish children to safety in Britain
The first trains full of Jewish children left Berlin in early December - heading for sanctuary in Britain.
The Kindertransports only stopped with the outbreak of war in September 1939.
They helped thousands of children from all over Nazi occupied Europe to escape the Holocaust.
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 Washington Snipers20101217 It is 7 years since one of the Washington snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, was convicted of murder
It is seven years since one of the Washington snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, was convicted of murder.
He and John Allen Muhammad had terrorised the US capital for three weeks in autumn 2002, killing at random.
Witness hears from one man who lost his brother during their rampage.
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 Georgia In Crisis20101222 Christmas 1991 was a very difficult time for the former Soviet republic of Georgia.
Christmas 1991 was a difficult time for the former Soviet republic of Georgia.
Economic and political difficulties crippled the government.
Armed men roamed the streets of the capital Tblisi, looting and fighting.
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 Christmas Truce20101224 World War One, Christmas Eve, 1914 and soldiers from both sides are laying down their arms
For several days over Christmas in 1914 the fighting stopped on the battlefields of the First World War.
British and German soldiers left their trenches to sing carols, exchange gifts and even play football.
Using archive recordings from the BBC and testimony from the Imperial War Museum, Witness takes you back to that Christmas Truce.
 Jamaica Slave Rebellion20101227 The story of a major revolt by slaves that was brutally crushed in 19th century Jamaica.
The emergence of Samuel Sharpe as a Jamaican national hero as he led the island's slaves in a rebellion against the overseers and sugar plantation owners in 1831.
 The Great Escape20101228 The last surviving member of a mass breakout from a German prisoner of war camp speaks.
The film, The Great Escape, has become a favourite in the UK.
It is about a mass breakout from a German prison camp during World War 2.
Ken Rees is the last surviving member of the escape effort.
 Assad And Syria20101229 It is 40 years since Hafez al Assad seized power in Syria.
Hafez al Assad was the Syrian Defence Minister in the winter of 1970 when his struggle for power came to a head.
His former friend, the hardline Baathist, Salah Jadid, was jailed for life.
 Hamlet20101230 - by William Shakespeare - is still popular four centuries after it was written.
The play Hamlet can tell us a great deal about the time in which it was written.
At the turn of the 16th century England was faced with many of the problems which plague its hero.
Hamlet - by William Shakespeare - is still popular four centuries after it was written.
 Chiapas Uprising20101231 On January 1 1994 indigenous people in southern Mexico began their rebellion.
People in the Chiapas region, led by the charismatic, ski-mask wearing, sub-commandante Marcos, rose up against the Mexican state.
They called themselves, Zapatistas.
 Alaska Statehood20110103 On January 3 1959 Alaska finally became a fully fledged member state of the USA.
We hear from Dennis Egan, whose father was to become the first governor of the newly formed state.
He remembers the hope, pride and emotion of that historic day.
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 The North Sea Flood20110131 On the last day of January 1953 high tides and storms brought a huge flood to Holland.
When a winter storm combined with high tides to breach sea defences in the Netherlands, over 1800 people drowned.
A survivor remembers the once in a lifetime flood.
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 Duvalier Flees Haiti20110207 

25 years ago today, the President of Haiti, Jean-Claude Duvalier fled the country.
After weeks of popular unrest, the dictator known as Baby Doc Duvalier, finally left Haiti on February 7, 1986.
But Haitians did not find the peace and prosperity they had hoped for after the fall of the Duvalier dynasty.
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 Assassination Of Rafik Hariri20110214 
On February 14 2005, Lebanese politician Rafik Hariri was assassinated
The former Lebanese Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, was driving through central Beirut when a remote-controlled bomb was detonated under his armour-plated car.
22 other people were killed in the attack.
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 Algeria Emergency20110221 
How Algeria's experiement with democracy ended in civil war and a state of emergency.
Rioting in Algeria in October 1988 killed around 500 people and started a period of political turmoil.
A short-lived experiment in democracy ended in a violent civil war between Islamists and the Algerian army.
A state of emergency remains in force until today.
Witness speaks to a foreign journalist and an Algerian student who both experienced a turning point in the country's history.
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 Assassination Of Malcolm X20110228 
In February 1965, the controversial black leader, Malcolm X, was assassinated in Harlem, New York.
Witness speaks to a supporter of Malcolm X who saw the killing.
How black leader Malcolm X was assassinated in New York in February 1965.
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 Ivory Coast Civil War20110307 

How a brutal civil war broke out in Ivory Coast in 2002.
In 2002, a brutal civil war broke out in Ivory Coast.
It turned the once prosperous city of Abidjan into a place where African migrants and westerners all feared for their lives.
Paul Welsh covered the Civil War for the BBC.
He recalls the atmosphere in Abidjan and how journalists themselves were targetted.
 Rosa Luxemburg20110308 
, the revolutionary theorist and feminist icon, was born 140 years ago
To mark a century of International Women's Day we bring you a portrait of the revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg.
Feminist icon, writer and theorist - Lenin called her the Eagle of the Revolution.
Rosa Luxemburg, the revolutionary theorist and feminist icon, was born 140 years ago.
 Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster20110309 
Survivors recall when a Belgian ferry capsized and killed more than 190 people
We hear what it was like to be trapped in the Herald of Free Enterprise car ferry when it sank off the Belgian port of Zeebrugge in 1987 - killing more than 190 people.
 Dunblane School Shooting20110310 
The lasting emotional impact of a gun attack at a small Scottish school in 1996
In 1996, a heavily-armed gunman killed sixteen children at a primary school in the small Scottish town of Dunblane.
The attack caused shock not just in Britain, but around the world.
Witness speaks to the father of one of the victims.
The loss of his daughter made him a campaigner for gun control.
 Madrid Train Bombings20110311 
On March 11th 2004, bomb attacks in Madrid left 191 people dead.
Bombs planted on Spanish commuter trains and detonated at the height of the morning rush hour caused chaos.
One rescue worker remembers that day.
Photo: One of the wrecked trains outside Atocha station (AP).
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 Bangladesh Independence20110403 
It is 40 years since the beginning of the battle for independence in Bangladesh.
When Meghna Guhathakurta was 14 years old her father was killed during a crackdown by the Pakistani military.
During what they called 'Operation Searchlight' they targeted intellectuals sympathetic to the cause of Bengali nationalism.
Meghna and her parents.
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 The Gotti Trial20110405 John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.
John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped prison for years.
In April 1992 he was finally convicted on several counts of murder - and was jailed for life.
One of the prosecutors, Patrick Cotter, tells his story.
Photo of John Gotti: AP.
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 The Gotti Trial20110409 
John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.
 The Gotti Trial20110410 
John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.
 10/04/201120110411 
 
 Jackie Robinson20110411 was the first black Major League Baseball player.
Jackie Robinson was the first black Major League Baseball player.
He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.
He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.
Photo: AP.
 The Brixton Riots20110411 
In April 1981 the streets of South London erupted in violence.
The fighting was mainly between young members of the black community and the Metropolitan police.
A former rioter and a former policeman tell their very different stories.
This programme was first broadcast last year.
Photo: Press Association.
 11/04/201120110412 
 
 Jackie Robinson20110412 
was the first black Major League Baseball player.
 12/04/201120110413 
 
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 Jackie Robinson20110416 was the first black Major League Baseball player.
He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.
He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.
Photo: AP.
 Grace Kelly And Prince Ranier20110417 She was a Hollywood superstar - he was Prince of a tiny European state.
Their wedding turned into a media frenzy.
One of her bridesmaids remembers that day.
(Photo credit: Associated Press).
 Jackie Robinson20110417 was the first black Major League Baseball player.
He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.
He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.
(Photo credit: AP).
 The Hama Massacre 19822011041720110418In 1982 people in the Syrian city of Hama rose up against the Assad regime.
We hear from two men who as children, lived through the government crackdown that followed.
(Photo credit: Hama skyline).
 Windscale - Britain's Worst Nuclear Accident20110417 In 1957 a nuclear reactor in the north of England caught fire
When things started to go wrong at the Windscale nuclear plant, workers rushed in to help.
Witness hears from two men who helped bring things under control during Britain's worst nuclear accident.
 Yuri Gagarin20110417 It is 50 years since Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space.
The young cosmonaut became a hero around the world and a poster boy for Soviet technological achievement.
(Photo credit: Getty Images).
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 Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110418 In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.
In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Fidel Castro.
50 years ago boatloads of counter-revolutionaries stormed the beaches of a bay in Cuba.
They soon ran out of ammunition, and without backup their mission failed.
We hear from one of those exiles.
 Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110419 In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.
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 Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110423 In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.
 19/04/201120110424  
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 Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110424 In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.
 21/04/201120110425  
 Romanian Family History20110425 It is 21 years since a Romanian woman was finally able to uncover her family history - kept hidden for decades by the communist secret police.
Nick Thorpe reports for Witness.
One family's extraordinary story kept hidden for decades by the communist secret police.
 The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110425 In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.
It sold the rights to other papers including the Times in London.
Journalist Phillip Knightley doubted their authenticity from the start.
 The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110426 In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.
 26/04/201120110427  
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 The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110430 In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.
 26/04/201120110501  
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 The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110501 In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.
 28/04/201120110502  
 Dennis Tito - The First Space Tourist20110502 Ten years ago an American businessman called Dennis Tito became the first space tourist.
He was 60 years old when he paid millions of dollars to be blasted into space alongside two Russian astronauts.
He has been talking to Witness.
 Fall Of Berlin20110502 The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.
In 1945, the Red Army occupied part of Berlin as the Second World War came to an end.
Witness speaks to one German woman about life in the city under the Soviet troops.
 Fall Of Berlin20110503 The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.
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 Fall Of Berlin20110507 The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.
 03/05/201120110508  
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 Fall Of Berlin20110508 The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.
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 Ulrike Meinhof20110510 In May 1976 the German left-wing extremist Ulrike Meinhof killed herself in prison
She and Andreas Baader had led a terror campaign against the West German state in the early 1970s.
Journalist Stefan Aust knew her well, he talks to Witness.
Photo: Press Association.
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 Ulrike Meinhof20110514 In May 1976 the German left-wing extremist Ulrike Meinhof killed herself in prison.
 10/05/201120110515  
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 Ulrike Meinhof20110515 In May 1976 the German left-wing extremist Ulrike Meinhof killed herself in prison.
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 The Fall Of Berlin2011051720110521 (WS)
20110522 (WS)
The Red Army took control of the German capital Berlin, in May 1945.
The Soviet soldiers had a terrifying reputation and civilians in their path feared looting and violence.
One German woman who survived that time tells her story.
This programme was scheduled for broadcast on May 2nd but postponed due to the death of Osama bin Laden.
 17/05/201120110518  
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 Manchester United 196820110524 In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup.
In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup at Wembley.
A supporter and a player talk about the match, and the emotions.
Listen to David Sadler, and life-long fan Brian Hughes.
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 Manchester United 196820110528 In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup.
 27/05/201120110529  
 Amnesty At 5020110529 It is half a century since the launch of the human rights group Amnesty International.
Over the years it has highlighted thousands of cases where people have been imprisoned without trial.
Maria was a teenager in jail in Uruguay when she was helped by one of its early letter-writing campaigns.
(Photo: Maria today).
 Chanel No. 520110529 In 1921 the most famous perfume ever, was launched in France.
It was created for Coco Chanel - the fashion designer and good-time girl - who wanted something modern and fresh to suit the times.
(Photo: A young Coco Chanel, credit Getty images).
 Manchester United 196820110529 In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup
In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup at Wembley.
A supporter and a player talk about the match, and the emotions.
Listen to David Sadler, and life-long fan Brian Hughes.
Photo: David Sadler in action.
Getty images.
 Mariel Boatlift From Cuba20110529 How 125,000 Cubans left the island by boat in 1980
In 1980, more than 100,000 Cubans left the island in a boatlift from Mariel harbour.
Witness speaks to the writer, Mirta Ojito, about how she fled from communism with her family.
Photo: Mirta (left) with her father and sister.
 Pakistan Nuclear Test20110529 It is 13 years since Pakistan first tested a nuclear weapon.
Dr Samar Mubarakmand was a senior figure at the country's Atomic Energy Commission.
He was given the job of organising the test.
He talks to Witness.
 Amnesty At 5020110530 It is half a century since the launch of the human rights group Amnesty International.
 Assassination Of Trujillo20110530 It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.
Witness hears from 3 people who remember that day.
Photo: Antonio Imbert, one of men who shot Trujillo.
 Assassination Of Trujillo20110531 It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.
 Attack At Lod Airport20110531 It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv
It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv - more than 20 people were killed.
This programme contains some graphic descriptions of violence - listeners may find it distressing.
Photo: Ros Sloboda, a survivor of that day, tells her story.
 Attack At Lod Airport20110601 It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv.
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 Assassination Of Trujillo20110604 It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.
Witness hears from three people who remember that day.
Photo: Antonio Imbert, one of men who shot Trujillo.
 Attack At Lod Airport20110604 It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv - more than 20 people were killed.
This programme contains some graphic descriptions of violence - listeners may find it distressing.
Photo: Ros Sloboda, a survivor of that day, tells her story.
It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv.
 The Early Days Of Hiv/aids20110604 The experience of a Ugandan-born woman diagnosed with HIV in the early days of the virus
It's 30 years since the HIV virus was first identified by medical experts.
In the early days, carriers of the virus were stigmatised and treatment was in its infancy.
Alan Johnston talks to Ugandan-born Winnie Ssanyu Sseruma about her experiences of having HIV back in the 1980s.
 01/06/201120110605  
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 Assassination Of Trujillo20110605 It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.
Witness hears from three people who remember that day.
Photo: Antonio Imbert, one of men who shot Trujillo.
 Attack At Lod Airport20110605 It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv - more than 20 people were killed.
This programme contains some graphic descriptions of violence - listeners may find it distressing.
Photo: Ros Sloboda, a survivor of that day, tells her story.
It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv.
 The Early Days Of Hiv/aids20110605 It's 30 years since the HIV virus was first identified by medical experts.
In the early days, carriers of the virus were stigmatised and treatment was in its infancy.
Alan Johnston talks to Ugandan-born Winnie Ssanyu Sseruma about her experiences of having HIV back in the 1980s.
The experience of a Ugandan-born woman diagnosed with HIV in the early days of the virus.
 The Massacre Of Baghdad's Jews20110605 The story of the massacre 70 years ago that led to the exodus of Baghdad's Jews
Eye witness accounts of the killing of hundreds of Jews in the streets of the Iraqi capital, Bagdhad.
Witness hears how the massacre in 1941 led to the uprooting of this ancient community.
 02/06/201120110606  
 Retreat From Dunkirk20110606 A British soldier tells us of one extraordinary day on the beaches of Dunkirk during World War II.
We hear of how he managed to work his way through the chaos and constant danger, and escape to England.
One soldier's frank account of his chaotic World War Two retreat from Dunkirk.
 World's First Environment Conference20110606 The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit
The first international conference on the problems of the environment took place in 1972.
Hear the story of the man, Maurice Strong, who made this important gathering possible.
Photo: Maurice Strong (right) shakes hands with Brazilian Indian Chief Kanhok Caiapo.
AFP/Getty.
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 World's First Environment Conference20110607 The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit.
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 World's First Environment Conference20110611 The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit.
 07/06/201120110612  
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 World's First Environment Conference20110612 The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit.
 09/06/201120110613  
 13/06/201120110614  
 Oj Simpson Car Chase20110614 The LAPD detective who spoke to OJ Simpson as he was chased through Los Angeles in 1994
In June 1994, America watched in disbelief as the police chased the retired sports star OJ Simpson, along the freeways of Los Angeles.
LAPD detective Tom Lange contacted OJ Simpson by cell phone and tried to calm him down.
 Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110614 The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper
An account of the remarkable life of Rachel Beer, who challenged the prejudices of Victorian England and reached the top in journalism, only to be engulfed by disaster and lose everything.
 14/06/201120110615  
 Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110615 The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper.
 15/06/201120110616  
 16/06/201120110617  
 17/06/201120110618  
 Oj Simpson Car Chase20110618 The LAPD detective who spoke to OJ Simpson as he was chased through Los Angeles in 1994.
 Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110618 The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper.
 15/06/201120110619  
 17/06/201120110619  
 Oj Simpson Car Chase20110619 The LAPD detective who spoke to OJ Simpson as he was chased through Los Angeles in 1994.
 Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110619 The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper.
 16/06/201120110620  
 20/06/201120110621  
 21/06/201120110622  
 22/06/201120110623  
 23/06/201120110624  
 21/06/201120110625  
 24/06/201120110625  
 Australian Evacuee20110625 During WW2 British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.
Most went to the countryside but some went as far away as Australia.
Helen Cuthbert (right) and her sister were sent to live with their aunt there.
 24/06/201120110626  
 Australian Evacuee20110626 During WWII British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs
During World War II, many British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.
Most went to the countryside but some went as far away as Australia.
Helen Cuthbert (right) and her sister were sent to live with their aunt there.
During WW2 British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.
 Montserrat Volcano20110626 Fourteen years ago the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.
Much of the south of the island was covered with ash and 19 people died.
Hear Rose Willock, broadcaster and 'voice of Montserrat' as she remembers the 25 of June 1997.
(Photo: BBC)
In June 1997 the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.
 Operation Barbarossa20110626 An eyewitness account of the launch of Nazi Germany's attack on the Soviet Union
A frontline Soviet officer tells of what he saw the night that Hitler ordered Operation Barbarossa - Germany's invasion of the USSR.
 The Voyage Of The Empire Windrush20110626 An account of the historic voyage of the Empire Windrush.
The ship that brought the first 500 immigrants from the Caribbean to the United Kingdom more than six decades ago.
The story of the coming of the first West Indian migrants to Britain, back in 1948.
 Fermat's Last Theorem20110627 Solving the problem had intrigued mathematicians for centuries.
In June 1993 a British academic, Andrew Wiles, thought he'd cracked it.
But then someone pointed out a flaw in his calculations.
It took him another year to correct it.
Solving the problem which had intrigued mathematicians for centuries.
 President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110627 President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.
The Irish author, Colm Toibin remembers President Kennedy returning to the land of his forefathers -- and being taken to the nation's heart as if he were one of its own.
 President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110628 President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.
 28/06/201120110629  
 29/06/201120110630  
 30/06/201120110701  
 01/07/201120110702  
 28/06/201120110702  
 President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110702 President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.
 01/07/201120110703  
 29/06/201120110703  
 President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110703 President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.
 30/06/201120110704  
 Camaron - Flamenco Legend20110704 Flamenco singing was dwindling in popularity in Spain until the appearance of Camaron de la Isla.
Thousands lined the streets at his funeral in Andalucia in 1992.
Witness speaks to a guitarist called Marcos - one of Camaron's biggest fans and the author of a recent biography.
Photo: Getty Images
How a gypsy singer called Camaron de la Isla revolutionised the world of flamenco.
 Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110704 How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.
Ron Kovic tells of how he was shot and paralysed during a battle in Vietnam, and then went on to become a leading voice in the American anti-war movement.
 04/07/201120110705  
 Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110705 How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.
 05/07/201120110706  
 06/07/201120110707  
 07/07/201120110708  
 05/07/201120110709  
 08/07/201120110709  
 Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110709 How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.
 05/07/201120110710  
 06/07/201120110710  
 08/07/201120110710  
 Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110710 How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.
 07/07/201120110711  
 Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110711 How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.
In 1989, the people of Liverpool began boycotting Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper over its reporting of the Hillsborough football disaster.
The Sun later apologised, but sales in the city have never recovered.
Witness speaks to a Liverpudlian involved in the boycott, and to a local radio journalist who remembers the city's anger.
PHOTO: Press Association.
 Bradford Riots20110711 It is 10 years since riots engulfed the city of Bradford in the North of England.
There were running battles between police and young British Pakistanis.
Mohammed Amran was on the streets throughout.
Photo: Press Association.
 11/07/201120110712  
 Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110712 How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.
 12/07/201120110713  
 13/07/201120110714  
 14/07/201120110715  
 The Crusaders Capture Jerusalem20110715 The tale of the momentous and bloody capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099
A graphic account of one of the major events in the history of the Middle East.
The conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders more than 900 years ago.
 The Opening Of Disneyland20110715 In July 1955 the first ever Disney theme park was opened in California
The opening day wasn't entirely successful.
We hear from two people who were there. One a Disney employee, the other, a seven year old boy.
 12/07/201120110716  
 15/07/201120110716  
 Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110716 How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.
 The Opening Of Disneyland20110716 In July 1955 the first ever Disney theme park was opened in California.
 12/07/201120110717  
 13/07/201120110717  
 15/07/201120110717  
 Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110717 How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.
 14/07/201120110718  
 The Crusaders Capture Jerusalem20110718 A graphic account of one of the major events in the history of the Middle East.
The conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders more than 900 years ago.
The tale of the momentous and bloody capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099.
 The Death Of Tom Simpson20110718 In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.
His teammate talks to Witness about Tom and the Tour.
This programme was first broadcast last year.
 18/07/201120110719  
 The Death Of Tom Simpson20110719 In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.
 19/07/201120110720  
 20/07/201120110721  
 21/07/201120110722  
 19/07/201120110723  
 22/07/201120110723  
 The Death Of Tom Simpson20110723 In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.
 19/07/201120110724  
 20/07/201120110724  
 21/07/201120110724  
 22/07/201120110724  
 The Death Of Tom Simpson20110724 In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.
 21/07/201120110725  
 Libyan Prison Massacre20110725 In 1996 over a thousand prisoners were killed at Abu Salim jail in Tripoli.
Many people see the killings as the spark that eventually led to the uprising against Colonel Gaddafi's government.
When protestors first went on the streets of Benghazi in February this year it was to demonstrate against the arrest of a lawyer who was investigating the killings.
Photo: AP
In 1996 over a thousand prisoners were killed at a jail in Tripoli.
 The Kitchen Debate20110725 In July 1959 two Cold War leaders argued over whose system was best
But who won the argument when Nikita Khrushchev and Richard Nixon went head to head in public?
And why were they talking about kitchen appliances?
Photo: AP.
 25/07/201120110726  
 The Kitchen Debate20110726 In July 1959 two Cold War leaders argued over whose system was best.
 26/07/201120110727  
 27/07/201120110728  
 28/07/201120110729  
 29/07/201120110730  
 27/07/201120110731  
 28/07/201120110731  
 29/07/201120110731  
 The Kitchen Debate20110731 In July 1959 two Cold War leaders argued over whose system was best.
 28/07/201120110801 It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24-hour music TV channel.
It was to revolutionise the way that music was consumed and promoted - and the way that people watched television.
Witness hears from one of the founders of MTV.
 Mtv Turns 3020110801 It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24 hour music TV channel
It was to revolutionise the way that music was consumed and promoted - and the way that people watched television.
Witness hears from one of the founders of MTV.
 Picasso20110801 Sixty years ago a young art historian got to know the greatest painter in the world.
John Richardson met Picasso in the South of France in 1951.
Photo: AFP/Getty.
 01/08/201120110802  
 Mtv20110802 It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24-hour music TV channel.
 Mtv Turns 3020110802 It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24 hour music TV channel.
 Samantha Smith20110802 The story of a child who dreamed of world peace.
She wrote a letter to the leader of the Soviet Union and found herself invited to summer camp on the Black Sea.
This programme was first broadcast last year.
Photo: Getty images.
 Samantha Smith20110803 The story of a child who dreamed of world peace.
 03/08/201120110804  
 04/08/201120110805  
 05/08/201120110806  
 03/08/201120110807  
 04/08/201120110807  
 05/08/201120110807  
 Mtv20110807 It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24-hour music TV channel.
 04/08/201120110808  
 Britain's First Nudist Beach20110808 In August 1979 the seaside town of Brighton decided to open a nudist beach
It was the first place in Britain to agree to allow naked bathing.
At first it was a very divisive idea, which shocked some of the locals.
 The Voyage Of The Kon-tiki20110808 In 1947 a Norwegian adventurer sailed across the Pacific on a wooden raft.
Thor Heyerdahl had built the raft using only materials available to Americans before Columbus arrived on the continent.
His son and his biographer talk about that extraordinary journey.
Photo: Kon-Tiki Museum.
 08/08/201120110809  
 Britain's First Nudist Beach20110809 In August 1979 the seaside town of Brighton decided to open a nudist beach.
 09/08/201120110810  
 10/08/201120110811  
 11/08/201120110812  
 12/08/201120110813  
 11/08/201120110814  
 12/08/201120110814  
 Britain's First Nudist Beach20110814 In August 1979 the seaside town of Brighton decided to open a nudist beach
It was the first place in Britain to agree to allow naked bathing.
At first it was a very divisive idea, which shocked some of the locals.
 Expulsion Of The Chagos Islanders20110814 A Chagos Islander talks of Britain's expulsion of his people from their homeland.
How one man endured exile after the British expelled his people from the Indian Ocean island of Diego Garcia to make way for an American military base.
Image: Science Photo Library.
 11/08/201120110815  
 15/08/201120110816  
 16/08/201120110817  
 17/08/201120110818  
 The Hungarian Picnic20110818 The picnic that led to the first breaches of the Iron Curtain in 1989
The picnic planned as a demonstration for European integration that ended with hundreds of East Germans escaping to the West through the Iron Curtain.
We talk to one of the organisers of the picnic, on the border between Austria and Hungary in 1989, that prefigured the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
 The Moscow Coup20110818 The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991
Mr Gorbachov was held prisoner in his holiday dacha in the Crimea on the Black Sea while tanks and troops were deployed on the streets of Moscow.
One of Mr Gorbachov's neighbours recalls an abruptly curtailed telephone conversation, and a Moscow journalist remembers filming on the streets of a nervous capital.
 18/08/201120110819  
 The Moscow Coup20110819 The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991
Mr Gorbachov was held prisoner in his holiday dacha in the Crimea on the Black Sea while tanks and troops were deployed on the streets of Moscow.
One of Mr Gorbachov's neighbours recalls an abruptly curtailed telephone conversation, and a Moscow journalist remembers filming on the streets of a nervous capital.
 The Un Baghdad Bomb20110819 The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003.
The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003, killing 22 people, among them the UN Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello.
We hear from the UN mission's spokesman who was in the building when the blast occurred.
 The Un Baghdad Bomb20110820 The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003.
 The Goons20110821 It is 60 years since The Goon Show first hit the airwaves
A surreal comedy, much of it was written and performed by the comedian Spike Milligan.
His producer Charles Chilton remembers him.
 The Hungarian Picnic20110821 The picnic that led to the first breaches of the Iron Curtain in 1989
The picnic planned as a demonstration for European integration that ended with hundreds of East Germans escaping to the West through the Iron Curtain.
We talk to one of the organisers of the picnic, on the border between Austria and Hungary in 1989, that prefigured the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
 The Moscow Coup20110821 The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991.
 The Un Baghdad Bomb20110821 The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003.
 Stealing The Mona Lisa20110822 The theft of the Mona Lisa in August 1911.
The theft of the Mona Lisa from the museum of the Louvre in Paris in August 1911.
The search for the famous painting would take two years and helped to cement its fame around the world.
We hear how even the famous artist Pablo Picasso was arrested during the police investigation that involved detectives in both Europe and America.
 The Moscow Coup20110822 The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991.
 Stealing The Mona Lisa20110823 The theft of the Mona Lisa in August 1911.
 23/08/201120110824 GETRIDOFTHIS.
 24/08/201120110825 GETRIDOFTHIS.
 25/08/201120110826 GETRIDOFTHIS.
 26/08/201120110827  
 Child Evacuees From The Spanish Civil War20110827 How thousands of Basque children were evacuated to Britain during the Spanish Civil War.
At the height of the Spanish Civil War, thousands of Basque children were evacuated to safety in Britain.
In 1937, Herminio Martinez was sent away by his parents at the age of seven.
It was 23 years before he saw them again.
Herminio Martinez talks to Witness about his memories of the evacuation and the reunion with his family.
PHOTO: Hutton Archive/Getty Images.
 Child Evacuees From The Spanish Civil War20110828 How thousands of Basque children were evacuated to Britain during the Spanish Civil War.
 South African Student Sit-in Against Apartheid Injustice20110828 White students in apartheid South Africa stage a sit-in protest against racial injustice.
The story of how students at the officially designated "white" University of Cape Town campaigned in support of an academic who had fallen foul of apartheid's racist laws.
Picture courtesy UCT.
 Stealing The Mona Lisa20110828 The theft of the Mona Lisa from the museum of the Louvre in Paris in August 1911
The search for the famous painting would take two years and helped to cement its fame around the world.
We hear how even the famous artist Pablo Picasso was arrested during the police investigation that involved detectives in both Europe and America.
 Woodstock Festival 196920110828 It was a pivotal moment in American popular culture.
Three days of music and much more on a muddy farm in upstate New York - the Woodstock festival of 1969.
A self-confessed "Woodstock survivor" tells us how it changed his life.
A pivotal moment in American popular culture - the Woodstock festival of 1969.
 Woodstock Festival 19692011082920110830A pivotal moment in American popular culture - the Woodstock festival of 1969.
 30/08/201120110831  
 31/08/201120110901  
 01/09/201120110902  
 02/09/201120110903  
 The Scoop Of The Century20110903 on the eve of World War II.
How a young British reporter witnessed the German military build-up just days before the invasion of Poland in 1939.
We hear her own account of a daring trip across the border.
 02/09/201120110904  
 Cameroon's Lake Nyos Disaster20110904 How villagers in a remote region of Cameroon awoke one morning to find hundreds of their friends and neighbours had mysteriously died in the night.
We hear from the scientists who were sent in to find out what had happened.
How villagers awoke to find hundreds of friends and neighbours mysteriously dead.
 Drop City20110904 The hippy commune in Colorado in the Summer of Love, 1967.
The Summer of Love, 1967, and the commune in Colorado known as Drop City, where rumours of free love, drugs and a lot of music attracted not only hippies from all over the United States, but plenty of tourist buses too.
photo: Getty Images.
 Libya's Coup - 196920110904 On 1 September 1969, a military coup in Libya toppled the King and brought to power Colonel Gaddafi - for many Libyans, the only leader they have ever known.
In contrast to today's long-drawn out and bloody struggle for power, it was all over very quickly in 1969.
Photo: Getty Images
The coup that brought Colonel Gaddafi to power in Libya.
 The Killer Lake20110904 in Cameroon.
 The Scoop Of The Century20110904 on the eve of World War II.
on the eve of the Second World War.
How a young British reporter witnessed the German military build-up just days before the invasion of Poland in 1939.
We hear her own account of a daring trip across the border.
The scoop of the century on the eve of World War Two.
 Libya's Coup - 196920110905 The coup that brought Colonel Gaddafi to power in Libya.
 05/09/201120110906  
 06/09/201120110907  
 07/09/201120110908  
 08/09/201120110909  
 An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110909 How the collapse of the Soviet Union played out in the life of a teenager in Azerbaijan.
The story of how a teenage girl in Azerbaijan became disenchanted with Moscow's propaganda, and sided with nationalists who campaigned for the break-up of the Soviet Union.
Konul Khalilova today.
 The Assassination Of Ahmed Shah Massood2011090920110910 (WS)
20110911 (WS)
Two days before 9/11, Al Qaeda killed an Afghan anti-Taleban leader.
Two days before 9/11, Al Qaeda killed an Afghan leader in a suicide bombing.
Ahmed Shah Massood had been one of the main figures opposing the Taleban.
Photo: VT Freeze Frame.
 09/09/201120110910  
 An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110911 How the collapse of the Soviet Union played out in the life of a teenager in Azerbaijan.
 Great Fire Of London20110911 In 1666, a fire destroyed much of the city of London.
Two diarists recorded what happened.
In September 1666, a fire destroyed much of the city of London.
The diarist, Samuel Pepys, and a schoolboy called William Taswell both watched in horror as the fire consumed houses and even St Paul's Cathedral.
Witness briccngs together their aounts of a blaze which changed the city for ever.
The programme also hears from Meriel Jeater, an expert on the fire from the Museum of London.
PHOTO: A sketch of St Paul's burning from a contemporary pamphlet (Hutton Archive/Getty Images).
 Greenham Common20110911 The women of Greenham Common and their protest against American cruise missiles.
The women of Greenham Common.
How an anti-war march turned into a peace camp that endured for nearly 20 years outside an American air base in rural England.
We hear from one of the women who took part in the march, and founded the camp 30 years ago in September 1981.
 An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110912 How the collapse of the Soviet Union played out in the life of a teenager in Azerbaijan.
 12/09/201120110913  
 13/09/201120110914  
 14/09/20112011091520110916GETRIDOFTHIS.
 Black Wednesday2011091620110917On 16 September 1992, Britain lost billions in foreign currency reserves in a single day.
Norman Lamont was Chancellor of the Exchequer when the country had to crash out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.
Image: VT Freeze Frame.
 Lehman Brothers20110916 On 15 September 2008, the US investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy.
Two New Yorkers at the centre of the crisis talk about the events leading up to that day.
Photo: AFP.
 Black Wednesday20110918 On 16 September 1992, Britain lost billions in foreign currency reserves in a single day.
Norman Lamont was Chancellor of the Exchequer when the country had to crash out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.
Image: VT Freeze Frame.
 Lehman Brothers20110918 On 15 September 2008, the US investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy.
Two New Yorkers at the centre of the crisis talk about the events leading up to that day.
Photo: AFP.
 Military Coup In Turkey20110918 On 12 September, 1980, the army took control in Turkey.
It was not the first time they had done so - but their actions still haunt Turkish politics today.
An admiral and a former student activist recount their very different memories of that time.
Photo: Getty Images.
 Translator At Nuremberg20110918 The trials of senior Nazis began in the autumn of 1945.
Howard Triest was a German Jew who acted as a translator during their questioning.
Photo: Getty Images.
 Lehman Brothers20110919 On 15 September 2008, the US investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy.
Two New Yorkers at the centre of the crisis talk about the events leading up to that day.
Photo: AFP.
 The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110919 The Secretary General of the UN was killed in a plane crash 50 years ago.
He was on his way to Congo, in an attempt to prevent war.
Two people who knew him well remember the man.
Photo: Associated Press.
 The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110920 The Secretary General of the UN was killed in a plane crash 50 years ago.
 20/09/201120110921  
 21/09/201120110922  
 22/09/201120110923  
 23/09/201120110924  
 21/09/201120110925  
 23/09/201120110925  
 The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110925 The Secretary General of the UN was killed in a plane crash 50 years ago.
 22/09/201120110926  
 26/09/20112011092720110928GETRIDOFTHIS.
 Frank Zappa20110928 He was one of the most innovative musicians in the USA in the 1960s.
Listen to one woman's story of working for Frank Zappa 
 Kidnap Of Us Ambassador In Brazil20110928 In September 1969 left-wing activists kidnapped Charles Burke Elbrick in Rio de Janeiro.
They demanded the release of 15 of their comrades in exchange for his life.
One of the kidnappers was Fernando Gabeira, then a young journalist.
Photo: Fernando Gabeira in 2008.
AFP/Getty Images.
 Kidnap Of Us Ambassador In Brazil20110929 In September 1969 left-wing activists kidnapped Charles Burke Elbrick in Rio de Janeiro.
 29/09/201120110930  
 30/09/201120111001  
 30/09/201120111002  
 29/09/201120111003  
 03/10/201120111004  
 04/10/201120111005  
 05/10/201120111006  
 Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111006 In October 1981 the President of Egypt was shot at a military parade.
On October 6, 1981 the President of Egypt was shot dead.
He was killed by Egyptian officers taking part in a military parade.
He was replaced by his Vice-President, Hosni Mubarak.
Photo: AFP/Getty Images.
 The Manhattan Project20111006 Seventy years ago the US President approved development of the world's first atomic bomb
Seventy years ago the American president Franklin Roosevelt gave the go-ahead to the project to develop the world's first atomic bomb.
Young scientist Bill Wilcox helped make the bomb.
Photo: LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY via AFP/Getty Images.
 Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111007 In October 1981 the President of Egypt was shot at a military parade.
 07/10/201120111008  
 07/10/201120111009  
 Mexico City Massacre20111009 Just before the 1968 Olympics, the Mexican government cracked down hard on demonstrators.
Just before the 1968 Olympics, the Mexican government cracked down hard against student demonstrators.
Some were killed, others arrested - David Huerta was one of the young protestors, hear his story.
Photo: Mexican soldiers arresting students after the shooting (Associated Press).
 The Manhattan Project20111009 Seventy years ago the US President approved development of the world's first atomic bomb.
 Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111010 In October 1981 the President of Egypt was shot at a military parade.
 10/10/201120111011  
 11/10/201120111012  
 12/10/201120111013  
 Birth Control In The Usa20111013 On 16 October 1916, the first birth control clinic in the USA was opened.
The woman behind it, Margaret Sanger, was arrested for breaking obscenity laws.
Photo: Margaret Sanger (left) outside court, awaiting trial.
 Uss Cole2011101320111016On 12 October 2000, an American destroyer was attacked by al-Qaeda suicide bombers.
On 12 October 2000, an American destroyer was attacked by al-Qaeda suicide bombers in the Yemeni port of Aden.
Kirk Lippold was the commanding officer on board that day.
The attack left 17 sailors dead.
 13/10/201120111014  
 Birth Control In The Usa20111014 On 16 October 1916, the first birth control clinic in the USA was opened.
 14/10/201120111015  
 14/10/201120111016  
 Coca Cola Change20111016 In 1985 the soft drink company changed its age old formula.
 Thai Student Massacre20111016 In October 1976 security forces opened fire on student demonstrators in Bangkok.
We hear from one of the students who survived the shooting but was arrested and held for several months.
 Birth Control In The Usa20111017 On 16 October 1916, the first birth control clinic in the USA was opened.
 17/10/201120111018  
 18/10/201120111019  
 19/10/201120111020  
 20/10/201120111021  
 George Blake Escapes20111021 In October 1966 a Soviet double agent escaped from a British jail.
He was helped, not by the KGB, but by other former prisoners.
Michael Randle was an anti-nuclear protestor who took part in the escape.
(Photo: Michael Randle on his release from Wormwood Scrubs prison).
 21/10/201120111022  
 21/10/201120111023  
 Canada Kidnap20111023 In October 1970 James Cross, a British diplomat, was taken hostage.
The kidnappers were from the FLQ - the Front de Liberation du Quebec.
Soon after, a provincial minister from Quebec was also kidnapped - he was found days later, dead in the boot of a car.
Photo: James Cross and his wife Barbara, on his release.
Getty Images.
In October 1970 James Cross, a British diplomat, was kidnapped by Quebec separatists.
 French Algerian Massacre20111023 On 17 October 1961, French police turned against Algerian demonstrators in Paris.
Some were shot, others drowned in the Seine.
For years the killings were not acknowledged.
We hear from one man whose sister died that day.
 George Blake Escapes20111024 In October 1966 a Soviet double agent escaped from a British jail.
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 Indonesian Killings20111028 In the autumn of 1965 a purge of communist sympathisers began in Indonesia.
Hundreds of thousands of people were caught up in the terror - many of them were killed.
Others like Carmel Budiardjo and Putu Oka, were jailed for years without trial.
 The American Pow Who Chose China20111028 When the Korean War ended, a few US POWs chose to stay and live under communism.
When the Korean War ended, a few US POWs chose to stay with their captors and live under communism.
David Hawkins was one of them.
He tells his remarkable story to Witness.
 28/10/201120111029  
 Indonesian Killings20111029 In the autumn of 1965 a purge of communist sympathisers began in Indonesia.
 Indonesian Killings20111030 In the autumn of 1965 a purge of communist sympathisers began in Indonesia.
 Mau Mau Uprising20111030 It is 55 years since the Mau Mau leader Dedan Kimathi was arrested in Kenya.
He had been fighting against white rule in the British colony.
Photo: Mau Mau suspects in a prison camp.
Getty images.
 The Joy Of Sex20111031 It is almost 40 years since the publication of a groundbreaking book about relationships.
It was written by a British academic and illustrated with images of real people.
It went on to sell millions of copies around the world.
Image © Chris Foss courtesy www.ChrisFossArt.com.
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 Keith Jarrett In Cologne20111105 How a jazz concert organised by a 17-year old turned into a bestselling album.
And how it almost didn't happen.
Vera Brandes describes the difficulties surrounding the legendary performance by the American pianist.
Photo credit: Jacques Munch/AFP/Getty Images.
 The Death Of Robert Maxwell20111105 It is 20 years since the newspaper magnate disappeared off his yacht.
After his death it soon became clear that his publishing empire was in serious financial difficulties.
We hear from one man who knew him well.
 75 Years Of Bbc Tv20111106 On 2 November 1936 the first regular TV service in the world was launched by the BBC.
Initially it only had a few hundred viewers and was only broadcast for two hours a day.
Viewers watched variety acts beamed live from the studios.
 Murder Of Polish Priest20111106 In late October 1984 the body of a Polish priest was found in a town outside Warsaw.
He was Father Jerzy Popieluszko and he had become the spiritual leader for the banned trade union Solidarity.
It was later revealed that he had been kidnapped and killed by members of the Communist secret police.
 75 Years Of Bbc Tv20111107 On 2 November 1936 the first regular TV service in the world was launched by the BBC.
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 Mission To Mars20111113 In November 1964 the first spacecraft to go to Mars left Earth
It was to send back the first photographs of the Red Planet.
Engineer John Casani designed the Mariner craft.
 San Salvador Offensive20111113 In November 1989 the civil war in El Salvador hit the capital city.
Rebels fighting the US-backed goverment began attacks in San Salvador.
But after less than two weeks of gun-battles and street fighting the rebels left the capital.
Image: VT Freeze Frame.
 The Death Of Leonid Brezhnev20111113 The Soviet leader died in November 1982 after years of ill health.
He had ruled the USSR for 18 years and presided over a period of economic and political stagnation.
Image: Associated Press.
 Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111114 The leader of a student protest in Greece nearly 40 years ago tells Alan Johnston about the moment when the country's military junta sent in the tanks, and how she only just managed to escape with her life.
This programe was first broadcast last year.
Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.
 The Death Of Leonid Brezhnev20111114 The Soviet leader died in November 1982 after years of ill health.
 Great Lisbon Earthquake20111115 How an earthquake in 1755 flattened Lisbon and led to a revolution in European thought.
On All Saints Day 1755, the Portuguese city of Lisbon was hit by a triple disaster - an earthquake, followed by a tsunami and a fire.
One of the most splendid cities in Europe suffered massive damage and thousands of people were killed.
The disaster also led to debate across Europe about whether earthquakes were a natural phenomenon or a message from God.
Witness brings together accounts by British survivors of the earthquake, and hears from Edward Paice, author of Wrath of God - the Great Lisbon Earthquake.
Image: Lisbon before the earthquake (Hulton Archive/Getty Images).
 Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111115 Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.
 Cathy Come Home20111116 It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.
The hardhitting film, directed by Ken Loach, told the story of a young woman who fell on hard times and lost her home, her husband and then her children.
 Cathy Come Home20111117 It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.
 Kim Philby The Spy20111117 How a Soviet agent managed to fool the British intelligence service for years.
Even after he'd been identified as a spy by the Americans, Kim Philby, was allowed to stay in Britain.
Photo: Kim Philby (right) protesting his innocence to the media.
Getty Images.
 Kim Philby The Spy20111118 How a Soviet agent managed to fool the British intelligence service for years.
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 Great Lisbon Earthquake20111119 How an earthquake in 1755 flattened Lisbon and led to a revolution in European thought.
 Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111119 Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.
 Cathy Come Home20111120 It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.
 Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111120 Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.
 Cathy Come Home2011112120111122It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.
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 Mobutu Sese Seko Of Congo2011112420111125Of the "Big Men" who ruled Africa after independence, few were as notorious as Mobutu Sese Seko.
During his 32 years in power, Mobutu renamed Congo as Zaire and stole many millions of dollars.
As the people of Congo prepare to vote for a new president, a former advisor to Mobutu remembers his years in power.
Witness also hears from Michaela Wrong, author of "In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz".
PHOTO: Mobutu shares a joke with a foreign visitor (HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES)
How Mobutu Sese Seko run a kleptocratic dictatorship in Congo for 32 years.
 Ned Kelly's Last Stand20111124 How the infamous Australian outlaw, Ned Kelly, was finally captured in 1880.
Ned Kelly, the infamous Australian outlaw, was captured in the remote settlement of Glenrowan in 1880.
In a dramatic last stand, Kelly and his gang
took hostages and tried to derail a police train.
Kelly was hanged a few months after his capture.
The rest of the gang were killed.
Witness brings together eye-witness accounts of the last stand.
The programme also hears from the Australian historian, Professor Carl Bridge.
PICTURE: Ned Kelly is shot and captured while wearing his armour.
(HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES).
 Ned Kelly's Last Stand20111125 How the infamous Australian outlaw, Ned Kelly, was finally captured in 1880.
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 Georgia's Rose Revolution20111126 In November 2003 a popular uprising unseated the government of Georgia.
Demonstrators waving roses burst into Parliament and Eduard Shevardnadze was forced to stand down.
Hear from one of the people on the streets of Tbilisi that day.
 President Sadat Of Egypt Visits Israel20111126 In 1977, Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel and address the Israeli parliament, or Knesset.
At the time, Egypt was still formally at war with Israel - a country which no Arab nation then recognised.
Sadat's visit led to a formal peace treaty betweem the two countries.
Louise Hidalgo talks to the Egyptian cameraman, Mohamed Gohar - a favourite of Sadat's.
PHOTO: Sadat addressing the Knesset (AFP/Getty Images)
How Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel in 1977.
 President Sadat Of Egypt Visits Israel20111127 How Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel in 1977.
 Mobutu Sese Seko Of Congo20111128 How Mobutu Sese Seko run a kleptocratic dictatorship in Congo for 32 years.
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 Ryan White20111202 To mark World Aids Day Louise Hidalgo reports on the story of Ryan White.
He was a haemophiliac who was banned from school after testing HIV positive.
His death from Aids, changed attitudes towards the disease in the USA.
PHOTO: Associated Press
The story of a young haemophiliac who was banned from school after testing HIV positive.
 The Us Embassy In Tehran20111202 In 1979 student demonstrators attacked the American Embassy in Iran.
They held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.
Barry Rosen was the US Press Attache - he spoke to Witness about his time in captivity.
A hostage is paraded in front of the press: MPI/Getty Images.
 Plane Spotters2011120320111204In November 2001 a group of British tourists were arrested and put on trial for spying in Greece.
They were not spies, but aircraft enthusiasts.
Hear how their British hobby resulted in suspicion, and ultimately jail.
Paul Coppin with Greek police.
Photo AP News.
In November 2001 a group of British tourists were arrested and put on trial in Greece.
 The Battle In Seattle20111203 In November 1999 police battled with anti-globalisation protestors for control of the streets of Seattle.
The demonstrators were protesting against World Trade Organisation talks taking place in the US city.
Norm Stamper was the Chief of Police in Seattle at the time.
Photo: AP
In November 1999 police battled with anti-globalisation protestors for control of Seattle.
 The Us Embassy In Tehran20111203 In 1979 student demonstrators attacked the American Embassy in Iran.
 The Winter Of Discontent20111205 In 1979 British public sector workers went on strike over pay.
Among those taking industrial action were grave-diggers.
But the media, politicians, and even their own families turned against them at the thought of bodies being left unburied.
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 The Bermuda Triangle20111210 The story of the Bermuda Triangle began when five US Navy planes went missing in 1945.
No trace of the bombers was ever found - and since then - other ships and planes have diappeared in the same area of the Atlantic Ocean.
Witness hears from one man who took part in the original search for Flight 19.
 The Mozote Massacre20111210 In December 1981 hundreds of peasants were killed by the army in El Salvador.
Men, women and children from the village of El Mozote were shot.
Only one woman, Rufina Amaya, is known to have survived.
Photo: Rufina Amaya at a funeral for the victims held in 2001.
Credit AFP/Getty images.
 The Pill2011121020111211On 4 December 1961 the contraceptive pill became widely available in the UK.
For married women it meant reliable, convenient family planning - for unmarried women it meant sexual freedom.
The writer Michelene Wandor was a student at Cambridge university at the time.
PHOTO: Getty Images.
 Pearl Harbour20111212 It is 70 years since Japanese planes attacked the US Navy base in Hawaii.
The action forced the USA into World War II.
Jack Hammett, was a young naval medic who survived the carnage.
Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 The Treaty Of Rome20111212 We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.
We take you back to the early days of the European project.
When 6 countries established the European Economic Community.
The German delegation putting their signatures to the Treaty.
Photo: Keystone/Getty Images.
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 The Treaty Of Rome2011121320111217We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.
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 The Treaty Of Rome2011121720111218We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.
We take you back to the early days of the European project when six countries established the European Economic Community.
Photo: Keystone/Getty Images.
 Anc Bomb20111219 Fifty years ago the armed wing of South Africa's ANC party took its first violent action.
Ronnie Kasrils tells us about planting a bomb at municipal offices in Durban.
(Image: Ronnie Kasrils in 1961.
Credit: Ronnie Kasrils).
 Spice Girls2011121920111220Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one.
'Girl power' is taking over the world.
In 1996 the Spice Girls were at the top of the charts.
Their brand of cheeky British pop had taken the world by storm - they called it 'girl power'.
We hear from two Spice Girls insiders about the early days when Baby, Sporty, Posh, Scary and Ginger were complete unknowns who used to travel by bus.
PHOTO: Spice Girls at an awards ceremony in December 1996.
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 Spice Girls2011122420111225Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one.
'Girl power' is taking over the world.
 Spice Girls20111225 Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one. 'Girl Power' is taking over the world.
In 1996 the Spice Girls were at the top of the charts.
Their brand of cheeky British pop had taken the world by storm - they called it 'Girl Power'.
We hear from two Spice Girls insiders about the early days when Baby, Sporty, Posh, Scary and Ginger were complete unknowns who used to travel by bus.
PHOTO: Spice Girls at an awards ceremony in December 1996.
 The British Miners' Strike20111225 Christmas 1984 was a difficult time for British miners who had been on strike for nine months.
They had taken industrial action to try to save their coal mines from government closure.
Listen to one miner's wife tell how her family made it through the anger and deprivation of that time.
Photo: BBC
Christmas 1984 - a time of hardship for the protesters against the closure of coal mines.
 The Christmas Truce20111225 On Christmas Eve 1914, during World War I, British and German soldiers stopped fighting.
Many of them left their trenches and started to talk and exchange gifts.
But after a few hours of peace they were ordered back to their guns.
Photo: Associated Press.
 Concert For Bangladesh20111226 In 1971 the first big rock benefit gig was organised by former Beatle, George Harrison.
He did it to raise money for refugees from the Bangladesh War of Independence.
Hear from a friend, and a musician who were there.
Photo: Keystone Features/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111226 She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.
But on Boxing Day 1943 she was sunk in the freezing waters of the Arctic.
Norman Scarth is a Witness listener who was on board a British ship and watched her go down.
Photo: Norman Scarth the young sailor.
 The Release Of Sakharov2011122720111228In December 1986 the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov was allowed to return to Moscow.
He had spent seven years in internal exile.
His release had been ordered by the reforming Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev 
 The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111227 She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.
 Enid Blyton And The Bbc2011122820111229
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The difficult relationship between the BBC and the children's writer, Enid Blyton.
The children's writer Enid Blyton, was one of the most popular authors of the 20th Century.
Books such as her Famous Five series were read by millions across the world.
But Blyton was reviled by some senior managers at the BBC, who effectively banned her work between the 1930s and 1950s.
Simon Watts uses audio and written archive to chart the difficult relationship between the author and the national broadcaster.
 The Creation Of Tetris20111229 In 1984 one of the most popular computer games ever was invented in Moscow.
Hear from Alexey Pajitnov, the Russian who created it, and Henk Rogers, the American who helped to sell it around the world.
Photo: Henk and Alexey.
 The Creation Of Tetris20111230 In 1984 one of the most popular computer games ever was invented in Moscow.
 Us Troops In Iraq20111230 All US troops have now left Iraq. We take you back to when they first invaded in 2003.
US troops left Iraq earlier this month, well before their deadline of December 31st.
We hear from one American soldier who remembers when they first invaded the country, almost 9 years ago.
PHOTO: John Crawford and a colleague in Iraq.
 The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111231 She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.
 Us Troops In Iraq20111231 All US troops have now left Iraq. We take you back to when they first invaded in 2003.
 The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20120101 She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.
 Birth Of The Euro20120102 How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.
At midnight on January the 1st 2002, the euro was launched simultaneously in 12 European countries.
Millions of people lined up at cash machines to take out their first notes in the new currency.
Louise Hidalgo talks to the European Central Bank official in charge of the biggest currency launch in history.
(PHOTO: AFP/Getty Images).
 Enid Blyton And The Bbc20120102 The children's writer Enid Blyton, was one of the most popular authors of the 20th Century.
Books such as her Famous Five series were read by millions across the world.
But Blyton was reviled by some senior managers at the BBC, who effectively banned her work between the 1930s and 1950s.
Simon Watts uses audio and written archive to chart the difficult relationship between the author and the national broadcaster.
PHOTO: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
The difficult relationship between the BBC and the children's writer, Enid Blyton 
 Birth Of The Euro20120103 How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.
 The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120103 In January 1968 an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.
Its crew were held for almost a year but they found small ways to resist.
Hear from one of the US sailors on board.
Photo of the Pueblo's crew taken by North Korean military.
 The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120104 In January 1968 an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.
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 Birth Of The Euro20120107 How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.
 The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120107 In January 1968 an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.
 Birth Of The Euro20120108 How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.
 Crossing The Rubicon20120109 Over 2000 years ago Julius Caesar made a decision which changed European history.
That decision to cross a river and lead his army towards Rome was a point of no return for the ambitious governor of Gaul.
 The Hollywood Blacklist20120109 A list of radicals in Hollywood and the entertainment industry was published by US anti-communists more than 60 years ago.
The list was known as Red Channels and people whose names were on it found their careers in jeopardy.
Walter Bernstein was a young screenwriter at the time.
A list of radicals in the US entertainment industry was published more than 60 years ago.
 Crossing The Rubicon2012011020120111Over 2000 years ago Julius Caesar made a decision which changed European history.
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 Crossing The Rubicon20120115 Over 2000 years ago Julius Caesar made a decision which changed European history.
 Vietnam Draft Pardon2012011620120117In January 1977 President Jimmy Carter said draft dodgers could come home.
It meant that people who had fled the USA to avoid serving as soldiers in Vietnam no longer faced jail.
Michael Hendricks had gone to Montreal in Canada.
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 Vietnam Draft Pardon20120122 In January 1977 President Jimmy Carter said draft dodgers could come home.
 Jackson Pollock20120123 It is one hundred years since the great American abstract painter was born.
His distinctive technique of dripping paint onto canvas was part of a new wave of post-war art in the USA.
Photo: AFP/Getty Images.
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 Jackson Pollock20120124 It is one hundred years since the great American abstract painter was born.
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 Jackson Pollock20120129 It is one hundred years since the great American abstract painter was born.
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 Death Of King George Vi20120206 How Britain mourned the death of King George VI in 1952.
On February 6th 1952, King George VI died after a long illness.
Britain came to a standstill to mourn the monarch who had led the nation through World War II.
Witness brings together BBC recordings from the time.
PHOTO: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
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 Death Of King George Vi20120207 How Britain mourned the death of King George VI in 1952.
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 Sister Dorothy Stang20120214 In February 2005 a Catholic nun working in the Amazon was murdered.
Her killing had been ordered by powerful landowners who objected to her work with the rural poor.
Her brother David tells the story of her work, and her death.
Photo: Carlos Silva/AFP
Audio Clips: Courtesy of Greenpeace.
 The Stolen Generation20120214 Debra Hocking was taken from her indigenous Australian family as a baby.
It was part of a government policy to try to assimilate Aboriginal children into white families.
Photo: PM Kevin Rudd prepares to apologise to the Stolen Generation in Parliament on February 13 2008. (Getty Images).
 Sister Dorothy Stang20120215 In February 2005 a Catholic nun working in the Amazon was murdered.
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 The Stolen Generation20120219 Debra Hocking was taken from her indigenous Australian family as a baby.
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 The Assassination Of Georgi Markov2012022920120304 (WS)The Bulgarian dissident was attacked by a man with a poisoned umbrella on his way to work at the BBC World Service in Bush House.
He died several days later in a London hospital.
We hear from a colleague and friend, and one of the doctors who tried to save him.
Photo: Georgi Markov
The Bulgarian dissident was attacked with a poisoned umbrella on his way to Bush House.
 The Killing Of Olof Palme20120229 On 28 February 1986, the Swedish Prime Minister was killed on a Stockholm street.
He had been for an evening at the cinema with his wife.
The police investigation into his murder is still open.
Photo: Associated Press.
 Gujarat Riots2012030220120303It is 10 years since communal violence broke out in the Indian state.
It was sparked by an attack on a train full of Hindu pilgrims.
Photo: Rioters in Ahmedabad on March 1, 2002. Credit Associated Press.
 The First Flight Of Concorde20120302 On 2 March 1969 the supersonic airliner took to the skies for the first time.
But at the time, some campaigners believed it could damage buildings by flying so fast.
Hear from the French pilot who guided it through its maiden trip.
Photo: VT Freeze Frame.
 The First Flight Of Concorde20120303 On 2 March 1969 the supersonic airliner took to the skies for the first time.
 Mary Quant And The Mini Skirt20120304 It is almost 50 years since the young British designer led a fashion revolution.
She remembers how the look that came to embody swinging London was created.
(Photo: Mary Quant. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images).
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 Farzad Bazoft20120316 On 15 March 1990, a young British journalist was executed in Iraq - he had been accused of spying.
His name was Farzad Bazoft and he had been working for the Observer newspaper.
We hear from two of the last people to see him alive.
Photo: VT Freeze Frame
On 15 March 1990, a young British journalist was executed in Iraq.
 The My Lai Massacre20120316 On 16 March 1968, US soldiers went on the rampage through a Vietnamese village.
They killed men, women and children in cold blood.
We hear from one survivor, Pham Thanh Cong, who was 11 years old when the rest of his family were killed.
Photo: Pham Thanh Cong now.
Credit Hoang Dinh Nam/AFP/Getty Images.
 The My Lai Massacre20120317 On 16 March 1968, US soldiers went on the rampage through a Vietnamese village.
 The Romans In Britain20120318 In 1982 a British director found himself in a court battle over sex and nudity on stage.
Michael Bogdanov had directed a play about the Roman invasion of Britain which drew parallels with the contemporary presence of British troops in Northern Ireland.
Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
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 The Us Peace Corps20120324 In 1961 President Kennedy set up a scheme to send idealistic young Americans abroad.
At the height of the Cold War the underlying idea was to help give the USA a positive image in developing countries.
Hear from one of the first volunteers who went to teach in Ghana.
Photo: Robert Krisko during his Peace Corps days.
 How Little America Was Built In Afghanistan20120325 In the 1950s, US engineers were sent to Afghanistan to build a huge dam.
The aim was to irrigate the deserts of Helmand.
The town of Lashkar Gah was built to house the workers.
Photo: Lashkar Gah from the air, 1957.
In the 1950s, US engineers were sent to Afghanistan to build a dam.
 Sarin Gas Attack In Tokyo20120325 In March 1995 members of a Japanese cult released nerve gas in the metro.
Thirteen people died and thousands were injured.
Hear one man's account of the Aum Shinrikyo attack.
Photo of Shoko Asahara the Aum leader. AP WirePhoto.
 The Bombardment Of Baghdad20120325 On 20 March 2003 the US and its allies began their air strikes against Iraq.
For millions of ordinary Iraqis it meant the beginning of three weeks of fear and helplessness.
Hear what it was like for just one schoolgirl who lived through the bombardment.
(Photo: Ramizi Haidar/AFP/Getty Images).
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 Pope John Paul Ii Visits Cuba20120401 In 1998 the then Pope, John Paul II, made a visit to the communist island.
It marked a change in relations between the Church and the government of Fidel Castro.
But some Cubans hoped it would lead to much greater changes.
Photo: AP/Vatican, Arturo Mari.
 The Falklands War20120402 It is 30 years since Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands.
In the first of 2 programmes we hear the story from the point of view of a resident of the islands who lived through the invasion and the subsequent war between Britain and Argentina.
Photo: Press Association.
 The Falklands War20120403 It is 30 years since Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands.
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 06/04/201220120407  
 03/04/201220120408  
 05/04/201220120408  
 The Falklands War20120408 It is 30 years since Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands.
 Eichmann On Trial20120409 In 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi in charge of concentration camps, was tried in Israel.
In April 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi official in charge of concentration camps, was put on trial in Israel.
The trial helped reveal the full details of the holocaust.
Witness speaks to one of the prosecutors, Gabriel Bach.
The programme was first broadcast in 2010.
PHOTO: Eichmann in the dock. (AFP/Getty Images).
 Eichmann On Trial20120410 In 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi in charge of concentration camps, was tried in Israel.
 10/04/201220120411  
 11/04/201220120412  
 12/04/201220120413  
 13/04/201220120414  
 10/04/201220120415  
 11/04/201220120415  
 12/04/201220120415  
 Eichmann On Trial20120415 In 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi in charge of concentration camps, was tried in Israel.
  20120416  
 16/04/201220120417  
 Dissidents Declared Insane20120417 In the USSR, the authorities routinely declared political dissidents as suffering from schizophrenia and confined them in mental institutions.
Witness speaks to Victor Davidov, a dissident who survived the experience, and to the international campaigner who helped win his release.
PHOTO: Victor Davidov in the 1970s (private collection)
How dissidents in the USSR were routinely declared insane and kept in mental institutions.
 
 Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120417 In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.
One of the diplomats taken captive was the Bolivian ambassador to Peru.
Photo: Peruvian soldiers bring the siege to an end. AP Wire
 
 Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120418 How a group of Jews escaped from a train bound for the Auschwitz death camp in 1943.
In 1943, a group of Belgian Jews escaped from a train bound for the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz.
In the only incident of its kind, they were helped by members of the Belgian resistance.
Witness speaks to Simon Gronowski, who, at the age of 11, jumped from the train to safety.
PHOTO: Simon Gronowski with his parents (private collection)
 
 Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120418 In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.
One of the diplomats taken captive was the Bolivian ambassador to Peru.
Photo: Peruvian soldiers bring the siege to an end. AP Wire.
 18/04/201220120419  
 Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120419 How a group of Jews escaped from a train bound for the Auschwitz death camp in 1943.
 19/04/201220120420 
 
 20/04/201220120421  
 18/04/201220120422  
 19/04/201220120422  
 Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120422 How a group of Jews escaped from a train bound for the Auschwitz death camp in 1943.
 Dissidents Declared Insane20120422 How dissidents in the USSR were routinely declared insane and kept in mental institutions.
In the USSR, the authorities routinely declared political dissidents as suffering from schizophrenia and confined them in mental institutions.
Witness speaks to Victor Davidov, a dissident who survived the experience, and to the international campaigner who helped win his release.
PHOTO: Victor Davidov in the 1970s (private collection).
 Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120422 In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.
  2012042320120424 
 24/04/201220120425 
 
 25/04/201220120426  
 Gallipoli20120426 In 1915, more than 40,000 men were killed during the Battle of Gallipoli.
Among them were a large contingent of Australian and New Zealand troops, known as the Anzacs.
One New Zealander recalled one of the worst battles of World War One in a BBC interview.
PHOTO: Anzac Cove (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
One New Zealand soldier's account of surviving the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915.
 Studio 5420120426 It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors.
Its door policy was strict, its dance floor was full of the coolest people in the city.
Listen to 3 people who knew it in its heyday.
Photo: Former Canadian First lady, Margaret Trudeau, dancing at Studio 54. (Central Press/Getty Images)
It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors - to cool people.
 Studio 5420120427 It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors - to cool people.
 27/04/201220120428  
 The Trial Of Oscar Wilde20120429 How a court case ruined the 19th century playwright and wit.
How a court case ruined the 19th century playwright.
He championed the love that dare not speak its name, or homosexuality, but he was jailed and died in exile.
Photo: Oscar Wilde (l) and Lord Alfred Douglas (r). Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 The Right To Die2012043020120506In 2002 a paralysed woman, known as Miss B, was allowed to die in a London hospital.
She had gone to the High Court to win the right to have a ventilator which kept her alive, switched off.
The judge in the case was Baroness Elizabeth Butler Sloss.
Photo of Baroness Butler Sloss, Press Association.
 30/04/201220120501  
 The Capture Of President Izetbegovic2012050120120506In May 1992 the Bosnian president was taken captive by Serb soldiers.
The siege of Sarajevo had just begun.
With him, was his daughter Sabina - hear her story.
Photo: President Alija Izetbegovic - VT Freeze Frame.
 01/05/201220120502  
 The Los Angeles Riots2012050220120503In May 1992 the people of South Central LA took to the streets in fury at police brutality.
They were angry that LAPD officers accused of beating a motorist called Rodney King, had been acquitted.
Hear Rodney King's take on the beating, and the unrest and violence that followed it.
 The Los Angeles Riots2012050220120506In May 1992 the people of South Central LA took to the streets in fury at police brutality.
 02/05/201220120503  
 Suicide Of Gay Footballer2012050320120504Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.
He committed suicide in London, following allegations that he had sexually assaulted a teenager.
His niece Amal Fashanu speaks to Witness about her favourite uncle.
 Suicide Of Gay Footballer2012050320120506Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.
 03/05/201220120504  
 Suicide Of Gay Footballer20120504 Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.
He committed suicide in London, following allegations that he had sexually assaulted a teenager.
His niece Amal Fashanu speaks to Witness about her favourite uncle.
 The General Strike2012050420120505In May 1926 workers across Britain went on strike in support of coal miners.
Hear the memories of Hetty Bower, a left-wing Londoner who helped the strikers.
Photo: Armoured cars protect a food convoy in London during the strike. Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 04/05/201220120505  
 The General Strike20120505 In May 1926 workers across Britain went on strike in support of coal miners.
Hear the memories of Hetty Bower, a left-wing Londoner who helped the strikers.
Photo: Armoured cars protect a food convoy in London during the strike. Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 Suicide Of Gay Footballer20120506 Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.
 The Capture Of President Izetbegovic20120506 In May 1992 the Bosnian president was taken captive by Serb soldiers.
The siege of Sarajevo had just begun.
With him, was his daughter Sabina - hear her story.
Photo: President Alija Izetbegovic - VT Freeze Frame.
 The Los Angeles Riots20120506 In May 1992 the people of South Central LA took to the streets in fury at police brutality.
They were angry that LAPD officers accused of beating a motorist called Rodney King, had been acquitted.
Hear Rodney King's take on the beating, and the unrest and violence that followed it.
 The Right To Die20120506 In 2002 a paralysed woman, known as Miss B, was allowed to die in a London hospital.
She had gone to the High Court to win the right to have a ventilator which kept her alive, switched off.
The judge in the case was Baroness Elizabeth Butler Sloss.
Photo of Baroness Butler Sloss, Press Association.
 The Trial Of Charles Manson2012050720120513He was responsible for a series of gruesome murders in the Hollywood hills.
But he was not actually present at the killings.
Hear how the prosecution managed to persuade a jury that he was the man behind the deaths.
 Attack On Fela Kuti2012050820120509
20120509 (WS)
20120513 (WS)
The day the Nigerian military stormed the musician's compound in Lagos.
They burned down the buildings and threw his mother out of a window - she never recovered.
Hear from one of his former wives about the events of that day.
 Attack On Fela Kuti2012050820120513The day the Nigerian military stormed the musician's compound in Lagos.
  2012050920120510 
 09/05/201220120510  
 10/05/20122012051020120511 
 10/05/20122012051020120513 
 10/05/201220120511  
 11/05/20122012051120120512 
 14/05/20122012051420120515 
 The Seven Up Tv Series2012051420120520In 1964 a British TV programme introduced a group of seven year olds to the viewing public
In 1964 a TV programme introduced a group of seven year olds to the public.
It has returned to film them every seven years since then, creating a fascinating record of changes in British life.
The series has now reached 56 up. Michael Apted, its director, talks to Witness.
Photo: Getty Images Entertainment.
 15/05/20122012051520120516 
 The Anschluss2012051520120520In March 1938 Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany - it would not regain its independence for more than 17 years.
One Vienna resident remembers the day that Hitler's troops marched in.
Photo: Austrians welcoming German troops. Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
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 Star Wars - The Film2012052120120527It is 35 years since one of the biggest movie franchises of all time hit cinema screens.
It was made on a low budget and much of the filming was done in England.
Hear from one of the English actors who found fame through Star Wars, playing the robot C3PO.
Photo: Anthony Daniels with C3PO. (Getty Images.).
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 The Dionne Quintuplets2012052820120528 (WS)
20120603
20120603 (WS)
The story of the "miracle babies" who became global superstars in the 1930s.
In May 1934, the first quintuplets ever to survive birth were born in a tiny rural settlement in northern Canada.
The Dionne babies became global superstars and millions of people visited their specially-built nursery.
But, once their fame was over, the Dionne Quintuplets all struggled to adapt to daily life and had to fight for compensation.
Witness speaks to a biographer of the Quintuplets and brings together archive recordings from the height of their fame.
PHOTO:
 La Penca Bombing2012052920120529 (WS)
20120530
20120530 (WS)
In May 1984 a bomber tried to kill an anti-Sandinista rebel leader in Nicaragua.
The attack took place at a press conference and several journalists were killed and injured.
Swedish journalist Peter Torbiornsson believes he inadvertently helped the bomber.
 La Penca Bombing2012052920120529 (WS)
20120603
20120603 (WS)
In May 1984 a bomber tried to kill an anti-Sandinista rebel leader in Nicaragua.
The attack took place at a press conference and several journalists were killed and injured.
Swedish journalist Peter Torbiornsson believes he inadvertently helped the bomber.
 The Lod Airport Massacre2012053020120530 (WS)
20120531
20120531 (WS)
Note that some people might find today's programme upsetting.
It is 40 years since Japanese gunmen attacked the Lod airport in Tel Aviv, Israel. They were left-wing militants working for a Palestinian organisation.
Twenty-six people were killed that day and more than 70 others were injured.
Witness hears from Ros Sloboda, one of the survivors of the shooting.
(Image: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP)
 The Lod Airport Massacre2012053020120530 (WS)
20120603
20120603 (WS)
Note that some people might find today's programme upsetting.
It is 40 years since Japanese gunmen attacked the Lod airport in Tel Aviv, Israel. They were left-wing militants working for a Palestinian organisation.
Twenty-six people were killed that day and more than 70 others were injured.
Witness hears from Ros Sloboda, one of the survivors of the shooting.
(Image: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP)
It is 40 years since gunmen attacked an Israeli airport. We hear from a survivor.
It is 40 years since gunmen attacked an Israeli airport.
26 people were killed that day.
More than 70 others were injured.
Ros Sloboda was one of the survivors of the shooting, she talks to Witness.
Photo: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP
 The Biafran War2012053120120531 (WS)
20120601
20120601 (WS)
Between 1967 and 1970 there was a civil war in Nigeria over the formation of the state of Biafra.
Over a million people died through famine, disease and fighting.
Witness hears from a man who fought in the war as a boy.
(Image: a starving child in Biafra. Credit: Partington/Express/Getty Images.)
Between 1967 and 1970 there was a civil war in Nigeria over the formation of Biafra.
 Queen Elizabeth Ii's Diamond Jubilee: Punk Rock And The Queen20120601 In 1977, The Sex Pistols punk rock band mocked Britain's Silver Jubilee celebrations.
They even wrote a song with the same title as the national anthem - God Save the Queen.
(Image: The Sex Pistols - left to right - Paul Cook, Johnny Rotten, Steve Jones and Glen Matlock. Credit: Press Association).
 African Troops During Wwii2012060420120604 (WS)
20120610
20120610 (WS)
During World War II, African soldiers were a vital part of the Allied forces.
Many of them were sent to Burma as reinforcements for the British troops there.
Hear just some of their memories - recorded by the BBC in the 1990s.
 African Troops During Wwii2012060420120605During World War II, African soldiers were a vital part of the Allied forces.
Many of them were sent to Burma as reinforcements for the British troops there.
Hear just some of their memories - recorded by the BBC in the 1990s.
 The Rosenhan Experiment2012060520120605 (WS)
20120610
20120610 (WS)
In 1969 an American psychologist called David Rosenhan put psychiatrists to the test.
He and several volunteers had themselves admitted to psychiatric hospitals, although they were perfectly sane.
They then waited for the doctors to notice their normal behaviour.
 The Rosenhan Experiment2012060520120605 (WS)
20120606
20120606 (WS)
In 1969 an American psychologist called David Rosenhan put psychiatrists to the test.
He and several volunteers had themselves admitted to psychiatric hospitals, although they were perfectly sane.
They then waited for the doctors to notice their normal behaviour.
 The Pompidou Centre2012060620120606 (WS)
20120610
20120610 (WS)
It is 35 years since the opening of the iconic modern art centre in Paris.
Richard Rogers was one of the two architects who won the commission to build it.
Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty Images
 The Pompidou Centre2012060620120606 (WS)
20120607
20120607 (WS)
It is 35 years since the opening of the iconic modern art centre in Paris.
 Pollard Spy Case2012060720120607 (WS)
20120608
20120608 (WS)
It's 26 years since an American intelligence analyst admitted selling secrets to Israel.
Jonathan Pollard sold tens of thousands of confidential documents to Israeli agents over an 18-month period.
We hear from one of the investigators who brought him down.
Photo: Jonathan Pollard/AP
 Pollard Spy Case2012060720120607 (WS)
20120610
20120610 (WS)
It's 26 years since an American intelligence analyst admitted selling secrets to Israel.
Jonathan Pollard sold tens of thousands of confidential documents to Israeli agents over an 18-month period.
We hear from one of the investigators who brought him down.
Photo: Jonathan Pollard/AP
 Robert Kennedy's Funeral Train20120608 How Americans lined the route of Senator Robert Kennedy's funeral train in 1968.
In June 1968, Senator Robert Kennedy was gunned down during his campaign for the American presidency.
Amid the nationwide mourning that followed, his funeral train travelled from New York to Washington with huge crowds lining the tracks.
Witness speaks to Kennedy's former press secretary and to his former bodyguard.
(Photo: Robert Kennedy campaigning in 1968. Credit: Getty Images).
 The Pentagon Papers2012061120120612The man behind one of the most important security breaches in US history tells his story.
In 1971, the New York Times published one of the most important leaks in US history - 7000 pages of top-secret Defence Department documents known as the Pentagon Papers.
The Papers were leaked by a Pentagon analyst called Daniel Ellsberg in an attempt to end the Vietnam War.
He tells his story to Witness.
PHOTO: Daniel Ellsberg in the 1970s (Getty Images).
 The Pentagon Papers2012061120120617The man behind one of the most important security breaches in US history tells his story.
  2012061220120613 
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20120614
20120614 (WS)
 
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 The Death Of Roberto Calvi2012061820120619On June 17, 1982 an Italian banker was found dead in mysterious circumstances in London.
He had been in charge of a bank with close ties to the Catholic church.
He was known as God's Banker.
Photo: Express Newspapers/Getty Images.
 The Death Of Roberto Calvi2012061820120624On June 17, 1982 an Italian banker was found dead in mysterious circumstances in London.
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 Anne Frank's Diary2012062520120626In June 1947 the diary of Anne Frank was published for the very first time.
Witness has been speaking to her first cousin and closest surviving relative, 87-year-old Buddy Elias.
(Photo: Anne Frank/Press Association).
 Anne Frank's Diary2012062520120701In June 1947 the diary of Anne Frank was published for the very first time.
 The Football War2012062620120627It is over 40 years since a brief but bloody war between Honduras and El Salvador.
The conflict coincided with the two countries meeting in the qualifiers for the 1970 football World Cup.
Hear the story as told by the captain of El Salvador's football team - Salvador Mariona.
 The Football War2012062620120701It is over 40 years since a brief but bloody war between Honduras and El Salvador.
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 The Disappearance Of Amelia Earhart2012070220120703
20120708 (WS)
In July 1937 the female flyer disappeared in her plane somewhere over the Pacific Ocean.
She was attempting to fly around the world following the Equator.
With her record breaking solo fights and her striking looks she had become an international celebrity by the time she died.
Photo:Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan shortly before their disappearance. Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 Mass Wedding In New York City2012070320120704
20120708 (WS)
In 1982 4,000 people got married in a mass blessing carried out by Reverend Sun Myung Moon
He founded the Unification Church in Korea and his followers believe he should choose their spouses.
Hear from an American bridegroom who married his Korean wife that day.
(Image: Philip Shanker and his Korean bride).
 The Muslim Brotherhood - Hassan Al-banna2012070420120705
20120707 (WS)
20120708 (WS)
Egypt now has a president from the Muslim Brotherhood - hear how it started 84 years ago.
Egypt now has a president from the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist movement which began 84 years ago.
Its founder was Hassan al-Banna - an Egyptian teacher and imam.
His grandson, the Islamic intellectual, Tariq Ramadan talks to Witness.
(Image: An undated picture of Sheikh Hassan al-Banna (1906-1949), the founder of Egypt's Moslem Brotherhood. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
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 Telstar2012070920120710 (WS)
20120715
It is 50 years since the first ever transatlantic satellite TV broadcast.
France, Britain and America worked together to make it happen.
Telstar was the name of the satellite which beamed the live pictures across the world.
Hear from one of the engineers who helped to make it possible.
  2012071020120711 
 Angola Mercenaries2012071020120715In July 1976 four foreign mercenaries were executed for their part in Angola's civil war.
Three of the men were from Britain, a fourth was from America.
American attorney Bob Cesner, was one of the defence lawyers.
(Image: Bob Cesner at the 1976 trial).
  2012071120120712 
 Irving T Bush - Builder Of Bush House2012071120120715After 70 years, the BBC World Service is leaving its home at Bush House in central London.
BBC Arts Reporter Vincent Dowd uncovers the story of Irving T Bush, the American businessman who gave his name to an iconic building.
(Image: Bush House).
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 New York Blackout2012071620120717
20120722 (WS)
It is 35 years since the streets of the Big Apple were plunged into darkness.
In the height of a summer heatwave there were riots on the streets.
But as one New Yorker remembers - it wasn't all bad.
Photo: New Yorkers walking home in the dark. Copyright: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
  2012071720120718 
 The Murder Of Versace2012071720120722
20120722 (WS)
In July 1997 the Italian fashion designer, Gianni Versace, was shot dead.
In July 1997 the Italian fashion designer, Gianni Versace, was shot dead outside his Miami mansion.
His murder set off a huge manhunt across the US and shocked the tightly-knit world of fashion.
(Image: The late Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace. Credit: Associated Press)
  2012071820120719 
 Miguel Angel Blanco2012071820120722
20120722 (WS)
In July 1997, the armed Basque separatist group, ETA, kidnapped a young local councillor called Miguel Blanco and threatened to kill him within 48 hours.
The ultimatum sparked nationwide protests against ETA on a scale never previously seen in Spain.
Witness speaks to former Spanish Interior Ministry official, Gustavo de Aristegui.
PHOTO: Miguel Angel Blanco's sister, Maria del Mar, in front of a mural of her brother. (Getty Images)
How the killing of a young Basque councillor sparked huge anti-ETA protests in Spain.
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 Roosevelt In The Amazon2012072320120724 (WS)
20120728 (WS)
20120729 (WS)
How the American president Theodore Roosevelt nearly died in the Amazon in 1914.
After Theodore Roosevelt lost the American presidential election of 1912, he decided to explore an unknown tributary of the Amazon called the River of Doubt.
It was a trip that nearly killed both Roosevelt and his son, Kermit.
Witness brings together first-hand accounts of the trip, with the help of Candice Millard, author of River of Doubt - Roosevelt's Darkest Journey.
PHOTO: Roosevelt on the campaign trail in 1912 (Getty Images).
 The First Ivf Baby2012072420120725 (WS)
20120729 (WS)
In July 1978 the first baby to be conceived in a laboratory was born in England.
She was called Louise Brown and her mother had been treated with a new technique, in vitro fertilisation.
Millions of children have since been born using IVF.
(Photo: Louise Joy Brown. Credit: Getty Images)
 The Death Of Evita Peron2012072520120726 (WS)
20120728 (WS)
20120730 (WS)
It is 60 years since the Argentine first lady died.
During her short life she had become an icon for women and the poor in Argentina
Hear from two very different women who remember meeting her.
(Photo: Juan and Eva Peron in 1950. Credit: Associated Press)
 The Farewell Dossier2012072620120727 (WS)
20120729 (WS)
How a mole in the KGB sent secrets to France and the USA in 1981.
His codename was 'Farewell' - and the information he gave to the West helped helped to hasten the end of the Soviet Union.
Photo: Francois Mitterand and Ronald Reagan outside the White House. AFP
 Womad2012072720120728 (WS)It is 30 years since the first Womad - world music festival- in England.
It was the idea of rock star Peter Gabriel.
The first festival featured drummers from Burundi, pop songs from Scotland and sitar music from India.
Photo: Peter Gabriel today. (Martin Vennard)
 Megan's Law2012073020120731 (WS)
20120804 (WS)
20120805 (WS)
Eighteen years ago a little girl was raped and murdered in New Jersey, USA.
After her death her parents began campaigning for a change in the law to force public awareness of sex offenders.
(Photo: Megan's mother Maureen testifying at the trial of her murderer. Credit: AP)
Eighteen years ago a little girl was raped and murdered - her killing changed US law.
 The Battle Of Passchendaele2012073120120801 (WS)
20120805 (WS)
It was one of the defining battles of the First World War.
Britain and its allies had ambitious plans to break through German lines - but they ended up mired in mud.
Listen to the voices of soldiers who took part - from the BBC archive.
Photo: Getty Images.
 Uss Nautilus: Under The North Pole2012080120120802 (WS)
20120804 (WS)
20120806 (WS)
The first voyage to the North Pole under the icecap. Ken Carr remembers Nautilus's mission
In 1958, the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travelled under the Arctic icecap to the North Pole.
Admiral Ken Carr remembers a mission spurred by the Cold War battle for technological supremacy.
(Image: the USS Nautilus)
 The Kon-tiki Adventure2012080220120803 (WS)
20120805 (WS)
The story of Thor Heyerdahl's crossing of the Pacific on a balsa wood raft, the Kon-Tiki.
In 1947, Thor Heyerdahl sailed his balsa wood raft, the Kon-Tiki, across the Pacific Ocean to add weight to his belief that ancient peoples were capable of long sea journeys.
He also wanted to prove that it was possible that Polynesia was first colonised by natives of South America.
(Image: The Kon-Tiki raft. Credit: Getty Images)
 The Death Of Marilyn Monroe2012080320120804 (WS)Marilyn Monroe is perhaps Hollywood's most enduring sex symbol and on the 50th anniversary of her death, two of her photographers - Eve Arnold and George Barris - remember the woman, her charm, her insecurity, her films and her affairs.
(Image: Marilyn Monroe on set in the film, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Credit: AP Photo/Courtesy Running Press)
It's 50 years since the death of Marilyn Monroe, Hollywood's ultimate sex symbol.
 Omarska Concentration Camp2012080620120807 (WS)
20120811 (WS)
20120812 (WS)
The story of a survivor of Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia.
Omarska was the first concentration camp discovered in Europe since World War II.
One survivor, Satko Mujagic, tells of the torture and beatings inmates suffered during his ten weeks of incarceration.
(Image Survivors of Omarska. Credit AP)
 Bering Strait Swimmer2012080720120808 (WS)
20120812 (WS)
In 1987, a 30-year-old American swimmer called Lynne Cox swam across the "Ice Curtain" between the USA and the Soviet Union.
The Diomede Islands in the Bering Strait were only 2.7 miles apart, but divided by near-freezing water and Cold War rivalry.
Lynne Cox talks to Witness.
Her experiences are also recalled in her autobiography, Swimming to Antarctica.
PHOTO: Lynne Cox on the Bering Strait. (Copyright Rich Roberts)
How an American swimmer crossed the "Ice Curtain" between the USA and the Soviet Union.
 Twenty-five Years Of Botox2012080820120809 (WS)
20120811 (WS)
20120813 (WS)
It's quarter of a century since the world's most popular cosmetic treatment was discovered
It's quarter of a century since the world's most popular cosmetic treatment was discovered by two doctors working in Vancouver.
The husband and wife team discovered the skin-smoothing properties of botulinum toxin, which until then had been viewed primarily as a poison.
Photo: Associated Press
 Abebe Bikila The Barefoot Runner2012080920120810 (WS)
20120812 (WS)
At the 1960 Olympics in Rome an Ethiopian athlete stunned the world.
He was the first black African to win an Olympic gold medal and he did it without wearing shoes.
Photo: AFP
 The Plot To Kill Franco2012081020120811 (WS)The Scottish anarchist and the plot to kill General Franco.
In 1964 an 18-year-old Scottish anarchist was part of an anti-Franco group in London. He smuggled explosives into Spain in a plot to kill General Franco.
Stuart Christie, who is now in his sixties, recalls his clandestine journey across Europe, the secret signals and passwords he used, and his eventual arrest by Franco's secret police.
Photo: Stuart Christie, photographed by Spanish police shortly after his arrest.
 The Founding Of Napster2012081320120814 (WS)
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Shawn Fanning talks about how, as a teenager, he founded the file sharing website Napster.
His was an extraordinary but shortlived success.
The site attracted millions of users but also became a target for the music industry. Founded in 1999, it was closed down in 2001.
(Image: Shawn Fanning. Credit: AP Photo/George Nikitin)
Shawn Fanning talks about how he founded the file sharing website Napster.
 Us Occupation Of Japan2012081420120815 (WS)
20120819 (WS)
For six years following the end of World War II, Japan was occupied by the US.
For six years following the end of World War II in August 1945, Japan was occupied by the US.
Akira Iriye was ten years old at the time and vividly remembers the surrender of his country to the Allied forces and the arrival of the first American GIs in Tokyo.
(Photo: US President Harry S Truman holds up the official Japanese document of surrender with Emperor Hirohito's signature - Sept 1945. Getty Images)
 The Last Viceroy Of India2012081520120816 (WS)
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The daughter of the last British viceroy in India, Lord Mountbatten, remembers the transfer of power in 1947. Lady Pamela Hicks, who is now in her eighties, accompanied her father as he attended celebrations in both Karachi and Delhi. She remembers encounters both with Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan, and Pandit Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India.
The daughter of the last British viceroy in India remembers the transfer of power in 1947.
 Elvis - The Comeback Special2012081620120817 (WS)
20120819 (WS)
On the 35th anniversary of the death of Elvis Presley, Witness goes back to a television special that revived his career at the end of the 1960s.
At the time, Elvis was struggling to compete against new bands such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones.
Witness speaks to Steve Binder, the director of what became known as the Comeback Special.
PHOTO: Elvis in the late 1960s. (Getty Images)
How a 1968 television special revived the career of the King of Rock and Roll.
 The Assassination Of Ruth First2012081720120818 (WS)The parcel bomb attack that killed anti-apartheid activist Ruth First in 1982.
Former anti-apartheid activist Alpheus Manghezi recalls the day in August 1982 when his colleague Ruth First was killed by a parcel bomb delivered to her office. Both Manghezi and First were living in exile in Mozambique. Manghezi describes how he visited the scene together with the Mozambican president, Samora Machel. The assassins were later identified as agents of the South African state.
(Image: Former South African president Nelson Mandela unveiling a plaque dedicated to Ruth First and Joe Slovo in London. Credit: Getty Images)
 Jacqueline Du Pre2012082020120821 (WS)
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makes one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.
Jacqueline Du Pre makes one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.
In August 1965, at the age of just 20, the British cellist Jacqueline Du Pre recorded the Elgar cello concerto with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir John Barbirolli.
It became one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.
Du Pre's career was cut short less than a decade later by multiple sclerosis.
(Image: Jacqueline Du Pre in rehearsal)
 Assassination Of Leon Trotsky2012082120120822 (WS)
20120826 (WS)
The exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City in August 1940, stabbed in the head with an ice-pick.
Trotsky's grandson, Esteban Volkov, then aged 14, lived with his grandfather, and describes arriving home from school that fateful day.
He also recalls a previous assassination attempt three months earlier.
Photo: Esteban Volkov with his grandparents, Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova (courtesy of Trotsky Museum, Mexico City)
The assassination of Russian revolutionary Leon Trotksy in Mexico City in 1940.
 Windies Make England Grovel2012082220120823 (WS)
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20120827 (WS)
The year the England cricket captain said he was going to make the West Indies "grovel".
It's the summer of 1976 and the England cricket team is preparing for a series against the West Indies.
The England captain, the South African-born Tony Greig, says in a pre-series interview that he intends to make his opponents "grovel".
This was a highly provocative remark, made about a team of mainly black cricketers from the Caribbean in the era of apartheid; and a remark that Greig was made to regret once the teams took the field.
(Image: Man of the match Michael Holding acknowledging the crowd after the fifth test for the Wisden Trophy at the Oval in 1976. Credit: Getty Images)
 Hurricane Andrew2012082320120824 (WS)
20120826 (WS)
In August 1992, Hurricane Andrew hit southern Florida, killing 44 people and causing billions of dollars of damage.
Amid the chaos, weather forecaster Bryan Norcross stayed on air, dispensing calm advice to his viewers. The marathon broadcast made him a local hero.
Bryan Norcoss recalls the hurricane for Witness.
The audio in this programme was provided by The Lynn and Louis Wolfson II Florida Moving Image Archives
(Image: Two people clearing rubble away from their family store. Credit: AFP)
How broadcasting throughout a devastating storm made a Miami weatherman into a local hero.
 The Death Of Getulio Vargas2012082420120825 (WS)The death of a president that shocked Brazil.
In 1954 the president of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, chose to die rather than submit to the military.
His sudden death resulted in a wide expression of public grief.
His legacy was a letter to the Brazilian people that has passed into history.
(Image: Getulio Vargas)
 The Great Train Robbery2012082720120828 (WS)
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of 1963, when thieves stole more than £2 million.
The Great Train Robbery of 1963, when thieves stole more than £2 million.
The Royal Mail train was bound from Glasgow to London when it was held up.
Most of the robbers ended up behind bars, but most of the money has never been recovered.
 Bobby Fischer2012082820120829 (WS)
20120902 (WS)
In 1972, the world was transfixed by a Chess match.
At the height of the Cold War, volatile American Bobby Fischer took on Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union for the World Championship.
Played in Iceland, the showdown was known as the "Match of the Century".
Alex Last speaks to an Icelandic policeman who became a close companion of Bobby Fischer.
PHOTO: AP
In 1972, chess makes headlines as volatile American Bobby Fischer becomes world champion.
 Soviet Protest Pioneers2012082920120830 (WS)
20120903 (WS)
In 1968, seven Soviet intellectuals held a pioneering protest against the power of the Communist Party.
Held in Moscow's Red Square, the demonstration was against the Soviet decision to crush the reformist movement in Czechoslovakia known as the Prague Spring.
Although tiny in the number, the intellectuals attracted media attention in the West, even inspiring a protest song.
Dina Newman talks to Pavel Litvinov, who organised the Moscow demonstration.
How seven Soviet intellectuals held a pioneering protest in Moscow in 1968.
 East Timor Referendum2012083020120831 (WS)
20120902 (WS)
In 1999, the people of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia.
In response, militias loyal to Jakarta went on the rampage killing up to 1,000 people and overwhelming the United Nations mission.
As the UN compound in Dili came under siege, British journalist Richard Lloyd Parry had to decide whether or not to stay in East Timor.
PHOTO: Pro-Indonesia militiamen in Dili (Associated Press)
How East Timor's vote for independence in 1999 sparked violence by pro-Indonesia militias.
 The Death Of Princess Diana2012083120120901 (WS)The death of Diana, Princess of Wales, killed in a car crash on 31 August 1997.
Diana, Princess of Wales, was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997.
Her companion, Dodi al-Fayed and the driver of the car also died.
Witness speaks to one of her closest friends and a French doctor who attended the scene of the accident.
(Image: Princess Diana. Photo credit VINCENT AMALVY/AFP/Getty Images)
 Arnold Schwarzenegger And Mr Universe2012090320120904 (WS)
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Arnold Schwarzenegger first made his name in the 1960s as Mr Universe.
He was a shy young man with little English, but he took the world of bodybuilding by storm.
Witness meets two men who knew him in those days; a fellow competitor and a Mr Universe judge.
Picture of Arnold Schwarzenegger courtesy of Getty Images.
Arnold Schwarzenegger and bodybuilding in the 1960s.
 The Riot In Chicago In 19682012090420120905 (WS)
20120909 (WS)
The riot that overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968.
In 1968, a riot overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
An anti-Vietnam War protest had long been planned, but things soon spiralled out of control.
Witness talks to one of the organisers of the protest, who was hoping to persuade the government to stop the war.
PHOTO: APA/Getty Images
 Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty: 15 Years In A Foreign Embassy2012090520120906 (WS)
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20120910 (WS)
In 1956 a Hungarian Cardinal sought refuge in the US Embassy in Budapest.
Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty had been imprisoned by the communists in 1948.
Released during the uprising against Soviet rule he faced re-arrest when Moscow ordered tanks into Budapest.
(Image: Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
 Attack On Springboks In New Zealand2012090620120907 (WS)
20120909 (WS)
In 1981 anti-apartheid protestors used a plane to attack South African rugby players.
They wanted to stop them from playing against New Zealand's All Blacks.
Hear from a player, and a protestor who were there.
 The "last Indian"2012090720120908 (WS)In 1911, an American Indian called Ishi emerged from the North Californian forest after decades in hiding from Indian-hunters.
He is thought to be the last survivor from the Yahi tribe.
Ishi became a tourist attaction in San Francisco and many recordings were made of his stories and music.
Louise Hidalgo retraces Ishi's story.
PHOTO: Courtesy of the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, University of California.
How a Yahi Indian called Ishi emerged from the Northern Californian wilderness in 1911.
 Mo Farah2012091020120911 (WS)
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20120916 (WS)
The Somali-born runner, Mo Farah, has become one of the heroes of the London 2012 Olympics after winning Gold in the 5,000 and 10,000 metres for his adopted country.
As Farah leads a parade of British athletes through London, Witness speaks to Alan Watkinson, the school sports teacher who transformed Farah's life.
(Image: Mo Farah. Credit: Associated Press)
How a London school sports teacher changed the life of the Somali-born Olympic champion.
 Phoolan Devi - Bandit Queen2012091120120912 (WS)
20120916 (WS)
It is 30 years since a teenage Indian woman spread fear in the North East of the country.
She committed ruthless and violent acts as revenge, she said, for the abuse she had suffered at the hands of upper-caste men.
Listeners may find some of the descriptions of violence in this report shocking.
(Image: Phoolan Devi)
 The Death Of Steve Biko2012091220120913 (WS)
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It is 35 years since the anti-apartheid activist died in a police cell.
The South African police claimed he'd starved himself to death.
Helen Zille was the journalist who helped uncover the truth behind his demise.
(Image: Members of the Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) hold a candle light memorial ceremony to mark the death anniversary of the anti-apartheid activist and founder of the Black Conscioussness Movement Steve Bantu Biko. Credit: RAJESH JANTILAL/AFP/GettyImages)
 Dingo Baby Trial2012091320120914 (WS)
20120916 (WS)
It is 30 years since an Australian woman was accused of murdering her daughter.
It is 30 years since an Australian woman, Lindy Chamberlain, was accused of murdering her 9 week old baby.
Lindy claimed her daughter was stolen by a wild dog.
Photo: Getty Images
 The Shooting Of Tupac Shakur2012091420120915 (WS)Sixteen years ago, the American hip hop star Tupac Shakur was killed in a drive-by shooting.
His bodyguard Frank Alexander has been talking to Witness about that day.
Photo of Tupac Shakur in 1993. Associated Press.
How the American hip hop star Tupac Shakur was killed in a drive-by shooting.
 A Polish Odyssey2012091720120924 (WS)One girl's story of exile and soldiering during World War II.
Danuta Maczka was just 14 when her family was sent to Siberia in 1940.
By the time she was 16 she had been recruited into a Polish army in the Middle East and was fighting the Nazis.
One girl's story of exile and soldiering during World War Two.
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 Mules And The Mujahideen2012091920120920 (WS)
20120922 (WS)
Twenty-five years ago, a shipment of mules was sent from the USA to Afghanistan.
They were part of Ronald Reagan's effort to help fight the Soviets.
Witness hears from a Mujahideen commander and an American vet who dealt with the animals.
Photo: AFP/Getty images.
 Blasphemy In Pakistan2012092020120921 (WS)
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In 1998 a Roman Catholic Bishop killed himself in protest at Pakistan's blasphemy laws.
His name was Bishop John Joseph - and he believed that the laws were being used to persecute Christians.
Hear from a Catholic priest who knew him well, but who still believes he should not have taken his own life.
Photo: AFP/Getty Images.
 The Hobbit2012092120120922 (WS)
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How an Oxford academic came up with a story that charmed children for generations.
How Oxford academic JRR Tolkein came up with The Hobbit, a story that charmed children for generations.
Hear excerpts from the BBC's archive of interviews, including JRR Tolkein himself.
(Image: JRR Tolkein in 1967. Credit: Associated Press)
 Silent Spring2012092420120925 (WS)
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It is 50 years since the publication of a book which helped launch the green movement.
It is 50 years since the publication of a book which helped launch the environmental movement.
Rachel Carson was the biologist who highlighted the dangers of pesticides, particularly DDT.
 West Side Story2012092520120926 (WS)It is 55 years since a groundbreaking musical, West Side Story, opened on Broadway.
Hear from a dancer and a producer involved in the original show.
With music by Leonard Bernstein, it transferred the story of Romeo and Juliet to New York City.
Photo: Leonard Bernstein. Copyright BBC.
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 Ira Jail Break2012092720120928 (WS)
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In September 1983 a group of IRA prisoners escaped from the high security Maze jail in Northern Ireland.
Most of them had been jailed for bombings and killings carried out as part of their campaign against British rule.
Hear from 'Bik' McFarlane - one of the leaders of the breakout.
(Image: The Maze prison with its H blocks Credit: Press Association)
 Sharon At The Al-aqsa Compound2012092820120929 (WS)In September 2000 the Israeli opposition leader visited the Al-Aqsa compound.
In September 2000 the Israeli opposition leader visited the Al-Aqsa compound in Jersualem's old city.
Hear from an Israeli, and a Palestinian who were there that day.
Photo: Ariel Sharon at the compound. Credit: AFP/Getty Images.
 German Refugees In Post-war Europe2012100120121008 (WS)At the end of World War Two, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.
No longer welcome outside Germany they ended up in internment camps, sometimes for years at a time.
Hear from one woman who lived through that time.
(Photo: Martha Kent and her siblings after their release from Potulice concentration camp)
 German Refugees In Post-war Europe.2012100120121002 (WS)At the end of WW2, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.
At the end of World War Two, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.
No longer welcome outside Germany they ended up in internment camps, sometimes for years at a time.
Hear from one woman who lived through that time.
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 The Achille Lauro Hijacking2012100820121009 (WS)
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In 1985 the crew and passengers of an Italian luxury cruise liner were held hostage by gunmen from the Palestine Liberation Front in the Red Sea.
The hijackers spent three days attempting to negotiate the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israeli jails before trying to make a get away.
Photo: The Achille Lauro and Egyptian security forces. AFP/Getty Images.
In 1985 a luxury cruise liner was held by Palestinian gunmen in the Red Sea.
Photo: The Achille Lauro and Egyptian security forces.
AFP/Getty Images.
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 Search For The Loch Ness Monster2012101120121012 (WS)
20121014 (WS)
It is 25 years since the most in-depth and expensive survey of Loch Ness.
The scientists were searching for infallible evidence of the mythical monster.
Hear from the man in charge of Operation Deepscan - Adrian Shine.
(Image: A 1934 picture of the alleged monster. Credit: Getty Images)
 Modern Art In Tehran2012101220121013 (WS)It is 35 years since the opening of the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art.
It contains one of the finest collections of modern Western art outside Europe and North America.
Hear from its founder and architect - Kamran Diba
Photo: A woman visitor to the Museum. AFP/Getty Images.
 Cuban Missile Crisis - The Photos2012101520121022 (WS)It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
It brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.
Dino Brugioni was a CIA expert whose job was to interpret the photographs of missiles in Cuba.
Photo: President Kennedy in the White House during the crisis. Associated Press
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 Cuban Missile Crisis - The Missiles2012102220121023 (WS)
20121029 (WS)
It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war.
Witness hears from a Cuban who found himself caught up in events as the Soviet missiles were moved into place.
(Photo: US-taken aerial view of a Soviet Medium Range Ballistic Missile site on Cuba. Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Hear from a Cuban who found himself caught up in events as the Soviet missiles were moved into place.
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 The Iran-iraq War2012102520121026 (WS)
20121028 (WS)
In the autumn of 1980 one of the longest wars of the 20th Century began.
 Cuban Missile Crisis - The Showdown2012102620121027 (WS)Fifty years ago, the USA and the Soviet Union were poised to go to war over nuclear weapons in Cuba.
The Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev finally offered to withdraw the missiles as the crisis came to a head.
His son Sergei remembers those fraught few days.
Photo: Courtesy of Sergei Khrushchev.
Fifty years ago, the US and Soviet Union were poised to go to war over missiles in Cuba.
 Russian Revolution2012103020121031 (WS)
20121104 (WS)
It is 95 years since the October Revolution which led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
Hear an account from the BBC's archive, of a young woman living in Moscow.
Photo: A demonstration in Moscow during the revolution. AFP/Getty Images
 Garbage, The City And Death By Fassbinder2012103120121101 (WS)
20121104 (WS)
In 1985 a Frankfurt theatre attempted to stage a play by the controversial German writer.
In 1985 a Frankfurt theatre attempted to stage a play by the provocative German writer, Rainer Werner Fassbinder.
But the local Jewish community said the work was anti-semitic.
Hear from an actress, and a protestor involved in the controversy.
Photo: Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Copyright: BBC.
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 The Crate Escape2012110520121106 (WS)
20121112 (WS)
In London in 1984, a joint Nigerian-Israeli team attempted to kidnap and repatriate the exiled former Nigerian minister Umaru Dikko.
Dikko, who'd fled Nigeria after a military coup, was accused of stealing $1 billion of government money.
We hear from Charles David Morrow, the young British customs officer who foiled the kidnap plot.
Photo: Umaru Dikko shortly after his release. BBC
An incredible plot to kidnap, drug and repatriate Nigerian exile Umaru Dikko in 80s London
Dikko, who'd fled Nigeria after a military coup, was accused of stealing 1 billion dollars of government money.
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 Baby Fae And The Baboon Heart Transplant2012111220121113 (WS)
20121119 (WS)
In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a two-week-old baby girl. She had been born with a fatal heart condition - but there was no infant human donor available. Hear from the lead surgeon, and an intensive care nurse involved in the fight to save Baby Fae's life.
Photo: Baby Fae listening to her mother's voice in the isolation unit. Courtesy of Loma Linda Hospital
In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a 2 week old baby girl.
She had been born with a fatal heart condition - but there was no infant human donor available.
Hear from the lead surgeon, and an intensive care nurse involved in the fight to save Baby Fae's life.
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 The Lost Tribe Hoax2012111520121116 (WS)
20121118 (WS)
In the 1970s the Filipino government annouced they had discovered a group of cave dwellers who were still living as people did in the stone age. But the tribe turned out to be a hoax that fooled the scientific community.
Photo: Members of the Tasaday tribe photographed by Oswald Iten in the 1980s after they admitted the hoax.
 Cesar Chavez - Yes We Can!2012111620121117 (WS)How the Mexican-American trade union leader Cesar Chavez inspired Latinos in the 1960s.
In the 1960s, a wave of strikes and protest marches by Mexican-American farm-workers inspired Latinos across the US.
The movement was led by Cesar Chavez - a man now regarded by his community as a civil rights hero.
Witness speaks to Dolores Huerta, who worked closely with Chavez and coined the slogan "Yes We Can!"
 Shoot2012111920121120 (WS)In November 1971 a young American artist decided to get a friend to take a shot at him.
His name was Chris Burden and the shooting would go down in the history of performance art.
He has been speaking to Witness about the ideas behind the event.
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 Lee Harvey Oswald And The Ussr2012112220121123 (WS)
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Lee Harvey Oswald, the man accused of killing President John F Kennedy in November 1963 had spent more than two years living in the USSR. He had defected there after serving as a US Marine.
He got a job in Minsk, and got married but was then welcomed back to the USA.
Photo: Associated Press, Lee Harvey Oswald in police custody.
 The Trojan Room Coffee Pot2012112320121124 (WS)20 years ago the world's first webcam was set up - and it was pointed at a pot of coffee.
Twenty years ago the world's first webcam was created - and it was pointed at a pot of coffee. A camera was set up because computer scientists wanted to be able to see if a coffee pot in a room at Cambridge University was was full and fresh - or empty - and thus not worth a journey to the room where the coffee pot was kept. Soon computer geeks around the world were checking it daily.
 The Secret Soviet Naval Mutiny2012112620121127 (WS)
20121203 (WS)
In November 1975, an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship, the Storozhevoy, in the Baltic sea. The Kremlin ordered the Soviet military to sink the ship. We speak to Boris Gindin, one of the survivors of the mutiny.
Photo: A Soviet frigate similar to the Storozhevoy.
In November 1975 an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship in the Baltic.
In November 1975 an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship, the Storozhevoy, in the Baltic sea.
The Kremlin ordered the Soviet military to sink the ship.
We speak to Boris Gindin, one of the survivors of the mutiny.
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20121202 (WS)
 
 Iran Hostage Crisis - The Canadian Story2012112920121130 (WS)
20121202 (WS)
In November 1979 Iranian revolutionaries stormed the US embassy in Tehran taking everyone inside hostage. But six Americans escaped - they sought refuge in the Canadian embassy. Their story is told in the Hollywood movie Argo.
Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor had to get them safely out of the country.
Photo: Iranians climbing the gates of the US embassy at the beginning of the hostage crisis. Copyright: AFP/Getty Images.
 First Successful Sex Change2012113020121201 (WS)The story of Christine Jorgensen who had surgery to change her sex from a man to a woman.
It is 60 years since newspapers in the US announced the successful operation of Christine Jorgensen. Once a soldier called George, she transformed herself into a woman and a glamorous Hollywood star.
 The Bhopal Gas Disaster2012120320121204 (WS)In December 1984 thousands of people in the Indian city were killed by a chemical leak.
In December 1984 thousands of people in the Indian city of Bhopal were killed by leak from a chemical plant. The city was enveloped by a cloud of poisonous gas. Two survivors of the disaster have spoken to Witness.
Photo:Waiting for treatment outside the hospital. Copyright: Bedi/AFP/Getty Images
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 The Origin Of Nollywood2012121020121211 (WS)
20121217 (WS)
The story of the 1992 film which launched Nigeria's hugely successful movie industry.
It was called "Living in Bondage".
We speak to one of the stars of the film, Kanayo O. Kanayo.
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 The M Room2012121720121218 (WS)
20121224 (WS)
How exiles from the Nazis helped British intelligence listen in on German prisoners-of-war.
Ninety-three-year-old Fritz Lustig, a refugee from Nazi Germany, is one of the last surviving members of the secret "M Room".
He helped glean vital information from German POWs about Hitler's war machine.
Photo: Sgt Fritz Lustig, circa 1942 (courtesy of Lustig family)
Ninety-three-year-old Fritz Lustig, a German Jew, is one of the last surviving members of the secret "M Room".
Photo: Sgt Fritz Lustig, cerca 1942 (courtesy of Lustig family)
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 Mad Cow Disease - Cjd2012122120121222 (WS)In the 1990s it became clear that a brain disease could be passed from cows to humans.
In the 1990s it became clear that a brain disease could be passed from cows to humans. The British government introduced a ban on beef on the bone. But for some people it was too late, members of their families were already sick.
Photo: BBC.
 Dusty Plays South Africa2012122420121225 (WS)In 1964 the British popstar Dusty Springfield went on tour in apartheid South Africa.
In 1964 the British popstar Dusty Springfield went on tour in apartheid South Africa. She said she would only play to racially mixed audiences but the authorities didn't approve. She was forced to leave the country before she had finished her tour.
Photo: Dusty in 1964 - BBC.
 The Execution Of The Ceauescus2012122520121226 (WS)On December 25th 1989, Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu were executed by firing squad.
It was the end of one of the most repressive regimes in former communist eastern Europe.
Petre Roman took part in the revolution that overthrew the Ceauşescus and became the country's first democratic prime minister.
Photo: Nicolae Ceauşescu shortly before his execution.
 Vietnam War - Christmas Bombing Campaign2012122620121227 (WS)
20121230 (WS)
40 years ago the US launched its heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam War.
40 years ago the Americans launched their heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam War. It was to become known as the Christmas bombing campaign. 20 thousand tonnes of explosives were dropped on or around the Northern city of Hanoi.
Photo: A B52 flying over Vietnam. Credit: VT Freeze Frame.
 Maitatsine2012122720121228 (WS)
20121230 (WS)
In 1980 thousands died in the Nigerian city of Kano in an uprising by an Islamic sect.
In December 1980, thousands were killed in the Nigerian city of Kano following an uprising by an Islamic sect.
The sect was led by a radical preacher, Maitatsine.
We hear from a witness who saw hundreds of suspects summarily executed as the Nigerian state tried to crush the uprising.
Photo: Kano old city wall c. 1975
 Big Brother - The Beginning Of Reality Tv2012122820121229 (WS)In December 1999 a young Dutch man won the first ever Big Brother reality TV show.
It was to be the start of a global television phenomenon.
But for 22-year-old Bart Spring in't Veld, his victory proved to be a mixed blessing.
Photo: Big Brother winner Bart Spring in't Veld (Endemol)
 Pong And The Birth Of The Computer Game2012123120130101 (WS)
20130107 (WS)
It is 40 years since a video game was invented which would change the way we play.
It is 40 years since a video game was invented which would change the way we play. An on screen version of table tennis, to begin with Pong was only played in video arcades. But soon a home version was created which people could plug into their televisions.
Photo credit: BBC.
 Pong And The Birth Of The Computer Game20121231  
 Donald Woods Flees South Africa2013010120130102 (WS)It is 35 years since the South African newspaper editor was forced into exile.
It is 35 years since the South African newspaper editor was forced into exile. He had shown that the police had killed anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko. After he published the story, he and his wife and children had to leave South Africa in fear for their lives. It would be more than 10 years before he could return home.
Photo: Donald Woods and Nelson Mandela. BBC
 The Keeling Curve2013010220130103 (WS)
20130106 (WS)
How a young American scientist began the work that would show how our climate is changing.
How a young American scientist began the work that would show how our climate is changing. His name was Charles Keeling and he meticulously recorded levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. His wife and son remember him.
Photo: John Giles/PA Wire
 Waiting For Godot2013010320130104 (WS)
20130106 (WS)
How Samuel Beckett's existentialist masterpiece revolutionised the theatre 60 years ago.
In January 1953, Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot" had its premiere at a small avante-garde theatre in Paris.
With its long pauses and lack of plot, the play was revolutionary.
Simon Watts talks to Beckett's biographer and friend, Professor Jim Knowlson of Reading University.
PHOTO: Samuel Beckett visting the BBC in 1977.
 Donald Campbell's Fatal Crash2013010420130105 (WS)In January 1967 Donald Campbell was killed while trying to beat his own water speed record
His famous jet-boat Bluebird crashed at around 300 miles per hour.
Gina Campbell, his only daughter, was 17 years old at the time.
Photo:
 Operation No Living Thing2013010720130108 (WS)
20130114 (WS)
In January 1999, a combined rebel force invaded the capital of Sierra Leone, Freetown.
Despite the presence of a Nigerian-led intervention force, the rebels took much of the city.
Thousands were killed.
We talk to a former rebel soldier who was there. Some listeners may find his account disturbing.
Photo: Nigerian ECOMOG troops in Freetown Jan 1999 AFP/Getty Images
 Johnny Cash Plays Folsom Prison2013010820130109 (WS)
20130113 (WS)
It is 45 years since the Country and Western star played his first gig in a high-security jail. But the singer had been interested in prisoners' lives for years. His drummer remembers the day they first set foot in the prison.
Photo: Johnny Cash - BBC.
 Tito On Vis2013010920130110 (WS)
20130113 (WS)
In 1944 the Yugoslav partisan leader found sanctuary on a tiny island in the Adriatic.
In 1944, in the middle of World War Two, the Yugoslav partisan leader found sanctuary on a tiny island in the Adriatic Sea. His resistance to German occupation had made him a target and he was taken there for his own safety by the British. After the war he went on to lead Communist Yugoslavia until his death.
Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
 Festival In The Desert2013011020130111 (WS)
20130113 (WS)
In 2001 a festival held in the Sahara desert launched Tuareg music on the world scene
Islamist rebel groups in Northern Mali recently announced a ban on music in all areas under their control.
We take you back to the first Festival in the Desert in 2001, which launched Tuareg music on the world scene.
Photo: Tuareg at first Festival in the Desert. Copyright Andy Morgan
 The Boxing Day Tsunami And Aceh2013011120130112 (WS)When the earthquake and tsunami of December 2004 hit Indonesia, over 130,000 people died.
Dendy Montgomery was living in the city of Bandah Aceh which was laid waste by the disaster despite being 5 kilmoetres inland.
 The Tuskegee Syphilis Study2013011420130115 (WS)
20130121 (WS)
For 40 years, the US government conducted a secret experiment on 600 African-American men.
For nearly 40 years, the US government conducted an experiment on a group of African-American men without their knowledge - to see what would happen if their syphilis was left untreated. Photo: US National Archive.
For nearly 40 years, the US government conducted an experiment on a group of African-American men without their knowledge - to see what happened if syphilis was left untreated.
 Chaim Soutine2013011520130116 (WS)
20130120 (WS)
It is 120 years since the birth of the great Expressionist painter. Born near Minsk he lived most of his life in Paris. His works influenced Western artists for decades after his death in 1943.
Image: La Jeune Anglaise. Credit: Musee de l'Orangerie, Paris.
It is 120 years since the birth of the great Expressionist painter. Born near Minsk he lived most of his life in Paris.
 Roe V Wade2013011620130117 (WS)
20130120 (WS)
40 years since the landmark decision in the US Supreme Court which made abortion legal.
Hear from the young lawyer who brought the case. Her name was Sarah Weddington and she was fresh out of law school.
Photo: Sarah Weddington.
 Black Stars Of Ghana2013011720130118 (WS)
20130120 (WS)
In the 1960s, the Ghanaian football team dominated Africa, winning tournament after tournament.
Known as the Black Stars, they were an exciting attacking force which President Kwame Nkrumah hoped would help promote African unity.
But in 1965, the Ghanaians faced an uphill struggle in the final of the Africa Cup of Nations in Tunis.
Their star striker, Osei Kofi, remembers the match for Witness.
PHOTO: Osei Kofi speaking to the BBC.
Striker Osei Kofi on how the Ghanaian football team dominated Africa in the 1960s.
 The Arrest Of Klaus Barbie2013011820130119 (WS)Thirty years ago, the former Gestapo chief, Klaus Barbie, was arrested in Bolivia.
He had been in hiding in South America since 1949.
Nazi hunters, Serge and Beate Klarsfeld, helped track him down.
Photo: Klaus Barbie on his way to court in Lyon, France (AFP)
 The Death Of Bassel Al Assad2013012120130122 (WS)
20130128 (WS)
It is 19 years since the heir to the Syrian presidency died in a car crash.
It is 19 years since the heir to the Syrian presidency died in a car crash. His younger brother Bashar, would eventually become the next President. Hear from someone who knew him well.
Photo: AP Wire.
 The Hunger Winter2013012220130123 (WS) 
 The Capture Of Uss Pueblo2013012320130124 (WS)
20130127 (WS)
American spy ship USS Pueblo was captured by North Korean forces forty-five years ago
Forty-five years ago an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.
The crew of USS Pueblo were held for almost a year, but they found small ways to resist.
'Skip' Carl Schumacher, a 24 year-old 1st Lieutenant, who was on board USS Pueblo, describes their ordeal.
Photo: USS Pueblo's crew taken by North Korean military.
 Hitler's Will2013012420130125 (WS)In January 1946 a young woman was given Hitler's will to translate into English. She had been sent to post-war Germany as part of the occupying forces. It was the culmination of her work for the British Army intelligence corps. Her name was Rena Stewart.
Photo: Rena, front row, second from the left, in Germany in 1946.
 Jimi Hendrix2013012520130126 (WS)In early 1967, the American guitarist, Jimi Hendrix, took London by storm.
His flamboyant style and new ways of playing the electric guitar enthralled everyone from the Beatles to Eric Clapton.
His English girlfriend, Kathy Etchingham, recalls her relationship with a man who would become a musical legend.
PHOTO: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
The legendary guitarist's English girlfriend remembers his early days in 60s London.
 Lagos Armoury Explosion2013012820130129 (WS)
20130204 (WS)
Survivors relive the tragedy of the arms dump explosion in Lagos, Nigeria, 2002
In 2002, a huge weapons store exploded in Lagos, Nigeria, raining down explosives on the packed city.
More than a thousand people died, thousands more fled their homes.
We speak to some of the survivors.
Photo: AFP
In 2002 more than 1000 people died after a huge weapons store exploded in Lagos, Nigeria.
 The Building Of The Eiffel Tower2013012920130130 (WS) 
 Peter The Great In London2013013020130131 (WS)
20130203 (WS)
How the young tsar's visit to 17th century England inspired him to modernise Russia.
In January 1698, the young Peter the Great began a three-month visit to London.
During his stay, the young Tsar got drunk and pursued actresses, but also found time to study British technology closely.
Peter left London determined to turn Russia into a more western nation equipped with a Navy to rival England's.
Witness tells the story of the tsar's visit using contemporary accounts. The programme also hears from Professor Anthony Cross, author of Peter the Great Through British Eyes.
Image: Hulton Archive/Getty Images
 The Funeral Of Gandhi2013013120130201 (WS)
20130203 (WS)
 
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 Hugo Chavez And The Failed Coup2013020420130205 (WS)
20130210 (WS)
In February 1992 a group of Venezuelan army officers staged a coup, among them Hugo Chavez
 "ghana Must Go"2013020520130206 (WS)Thirty years ago, Nigeria expelled up to 2 million African migrants. Most were Ghanaian
 The Stolen Generation2013020620130207 (WS)
20130210 (WS)
In 2008 the Australian Prime Minister apologised for the treatment of Aborigines
In 2008 the Australian Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, apologised for the treatment of Aborigines. Particularly for the policies that led to indigenous children being taken from their families. Debra Hocking was taken from her mother and given to a white family in Tasmania.
Photo: Aboriginal people gathered outside Parliament to hear the apology. Credit AFP/Getty
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 The Feminine Mystique2013021920130220 (WS)
20130224 (WS)
In 1963, a frustrated American housewife, Betty Friedan, published one of the key texts in feminist thought. With its call for women to leave the home and enter the workplace, the Feminine Mystique paved the way for the women's liberation movement. Jo Fidgen speaks to two of Betty Friedan's children for Witness. The programme also contains archive recordings of Friedan herself.
PHOTO: The Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
It's 50 years since a frustrated American housewife wrote one of the bibles of feminism.
 People Power In The Philippines2013022020130221 (WS)
20130224 (WS)
How four days of huge protests brought down Filipino President Ferdinand Marcos in 1986.
In 1986, four days of huge public protests brought down President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines. Kate McGowan, in Manila, talks to the leading Filipino novelist, Jose Dalisay, about the demonstrations. This edition of Witness was first broadcast in 2011.
PHOTO: A rebel soldier points his gun at a portrait of Ferdinand Marcos during the uprising. (ROMEO GACAD/AFP/Getty Images)
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 The Standoff At Wounded Knee2013022720130228 (WS)
20130303 (WS)
Forty years ago, American Indian activists staged a protest against the US authorities. A siege began which lasted for over two months. One of the activists, Russell Means, spoke to the programme two years ago - he died in October last year.
Photo: Dennis Banks (L) and Russell Means (R) during the siege. Credit: AFP
Forty years ago, American Indian activists staged a protest against the US authorities.
 Choosing A Pope2013022820130301 (WS)Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor tells the story of electing Pope Benedict at the Papal Conclave in April 2005. Cardinals are due to gather again to elected his successor.
A Cardinal tells the story of electing Pope Benedict at the Papal Conclave in April 2005.
 The Bethnal Green Tube Disaster2013030120130302 (WS)It's 70 years since 173 people were crushed to death at an air-raid shelter in London.
It's 70 since 173 people were crushed to death at an air-raid shelter in east London during World War II. They were killed as they sought refuge in an underground train station. Sixty-two children were among the dead. We hear from one of the children who survived.
Photo: Londoners sheltering from an air-raid in an underground train station, during World War II (Getty Images).
 Armenia And Azerbaijan2013030420130305 (WS)
20130311 (WS)
It is 25 years since violence broke out in the city of Sumgait in Azerbaijan.
It is 25 years since violence broke out in the city of Sumgait in Azerbaijan. Anti-Armenian riots had to be put down by Soviet soldiers. They were a forewarning of the war that would split the region following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
 The Death Of Joseph Stalin2013030520130306 (WS)60 years ago the Soviet dictator died and the whole of the USSR was plunged into mourning.
Sixty years ago the Soviet dictator died and the whole of the USSR was plunged into mourning. Although many people were genuinely grieving, others had to put on a show of sadness. Hear from two young Russians of the time about how his death affected them.
Photo: Associated Press
 Skiing In The Swat Valley2013030620130307 (WS)
20130310 (WS)
One man's mission to bring fun back to the battle-scarred Swat Valley in Pakistan.
One man's mission to bring fun back to the battle-scarred Swat Valley in Pakistan. We speak to Matee Ullah Khan, ski enthusiast the pioneer instructor behind a local ski school in Malam Jabba.
 Viagra2013030720130308 (WS)Fifteen years ago a new "wonder" drug was approved for use in the United States.
Fifteen years ago a new "wonder" drug was first approved for use. It marked a breakthrough in the treatment of male impotence. We speak to two men who helped develop Viagra.
Fifteen years ago a new "wonder" drug was first approved for use.
It marked a breakthrough in the treatment of male impotence.
We speak to two men who helped develop Viagra.
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 The Tibetan Uprising2013031120130312 (WS)
20130318 (WS)
In 1959 the people of Tibet turned against Chinese occupying forces.
In 1959 the people of Tibet turned against Chinese occupying forces. Their spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, escaped across the border to India. A shortlived battle for independence followed.
Photo: Tibetan monks surrender their arms to members of the Chinese army (April 1959). AFP/Getty Images.
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 Marie Stopes, Birth Control Pioneer2013031320130314 (WS)
20130317 (WS)
In March 1921 Marie Stopes opened Britain's first birth control clinic in London.
In March 1921, Marie Stopes opened Britain's first birth control clinic in London. The Mother's Clinic in Holloway offered advice to married mothers on how to avoid having any more children. Hear testimonies on the early days of birth control in Britain from the BBC archive. Picture: Popperfoto/Getty Images.
 Giandomenico Picco - Hostage Negotiator2013031420130315 (WS)The UN envoy who tried to secure the release of Western hostages in Lebanon. He allowed himself to be abducted by their kidnappers on the streets of Beirut,time after time. He managed to arrange for 11 hostages to be freed.
Photo: Giandomenico Picco in 1991. VT Freeze Frame.
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 Iraq: Ten Years On - The Invasion Of Iraq2013031920130320 (WS)
20130324 (WS)
John Crawford a college student and reserve soldier - was part of the US land invasion force that rolled into Southern Iraq in March 2003. Hear his story.
Photo: US soldiers on waiting on the border between Kuwait and Iraq. Scott Nelson/Getty Images
 Iraq: Ten Years On - Looting In Baghdad2013032020130321 (WS)
20130324 (WS)
In April 2003, Baghdad descended into chaos as American troops took control of the city.
In April 2003, Baghdad descended into chaos as American troops took control of the city. We hear the story of one Iraqi doctor who witnessed the lawlessness that engulfed Iraq's capital.
(Photo: Looters in Baghdad 11 April 2003. AFP/Getty)
 Iraq: Ten Years On - Working For The Americans2013032120130322 (WS)How one Iraqi who took a job with the US military, was threatened with death as a traitor.
How one young Iraqi who took a job with the US military, was threatened with death as a traitor. Wisam worked as a delivery man and a translator for the Americans. He was sent a letter by the militias containing a bullet and told his days were numbered.
Photo: Wisam, Baghdad, 2009
 Iraq:ten Years On - The Capture Of Saddam Hussein2013032220130323 (WS)In December 2003 the former Iraqi leader was finally caught by American forces.
In December 2003 the former Iraqi leader was finally caught by American forces. He was found hiding in an underground bunker. Muwafaq al Rubaie helped to identify him, face-to-face.
Photo: AP/US Army
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 Unearthing The Terracotta Army2013032720130328 (WS)Discovered by chance by farmers digging a well, the secrets of the Qin Dynasty revealed after 2,000 years. We hear from the lead archaeologist responsible for one of the most important finds of the century, and what it tells us about the sophistication of the society at the time in China. Photo: FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images.
 American Prisoners In Vietnam2013032820130329 (WS)After their release in 1973, former US prisoners of war began to talk about torture.
After their release in 1973, former US prisoners of war began to talk about the torture they had suffered at the hands of the Vietcong. One of the POWs who spent longest in Vietnamese prison camps was Everett Alvarez - hear his story.
 The Killing Of Archbishop Romero2013032920130330 (WS)On 24 March 1980, Archbishop Oscar Romero was shot dead while saying mass in San Salvador.
On 24 March 1980, Archbishop Oscar Romero was shot dead while saying mass in San Salvador. His murder by a right-wing death squad, pushed El Salvador towards bloody civil war. Today, he is still revered by many Catholics as a saint.
Photo: A portrait of Archbishop Romero on a wall in San Salvador (AFP)
 Women And The Law In Britain20130401 Over 175 years ago, a society hostess called Caroline Norton began campaigning for the rights of married women. Her husband had stopped her from seeing her children and had accused her of having an affair with the Prime Minister of the day.
Image: Hulton Archive/Getty Images
 The Real Peter Pan20130402 A family of real children inspired JM Barrie to write the story of Peter Pan and his Lost Boys. He first met them in Kensington Gardens in London. But their story is not a happy one.
Photo: BBC The statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens.
 Operation Babylift20130403 As the Vietnam war ended and Saigon fell to communist forces, the US tried to fly thousands of orphans out of the country. One of the planes full of children crashed shortly after take off. Hear from two survivors.
Photo: A North Vietnamese tank rolling through Saigon in April 1975. Credit: AFP/Getty Images
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 James Brown At The Boston Gardens20130405 The soul singer's April 1968 concert was held amid rioting and violence provoked by the assassination of Martin Luther King.
But despite the fears of the city's authorities, the streets of Boston were quiet the night James Brown and his band played.
Listen to two people who were there.
(Photo: Evening Standard, Hulton Archive)
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 Mickey Mouse Goes To Europe20130412 When Disney opened its first theme park in Europe, just outside Paris, it was beset with problems from the start. It was years before the venture would break even. Bob Fitzgerald was the first CEO charged with launching Euro Disney, but his background was in the arts and he was more used to running operas and productions of Shakespeare than theme parks.
(Image: Getty)
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 The Funeral Of Sir Winston Churchill2013041720130422 (WS)In January 1965 Britain held a state funeral for the man who led it through World War Two.
In January 1965 Britain held a state funeral for the Prime Minister who led it through World War Two. His granddaughter Emma Soames spoke to Witness in 2011.
Photo: Press Association.
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 The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising20130419 70 years ago a few hundred Jewish fighters rose up against the German army as it began its final push to erase all traces of Jewish life in the Polish capital. Krystyna Budnicka is one of the very few Jews who survived the Uprising. As her older brothers fought, she hid in a sewer beneath the ghetto.
Photo: STF/AFP/Getty Images.
 Haile Selassie Visits Jamaica20130422 In April 1966 Ethiopia's ruler arrived in Jamaica. It was his first and only visit to the birthplace of the Rastafarian movement which revered him.
In April 1966, Ethiopia's ruler made a spectacular arrival in Jamaica. It was his first and only visit to the birthplace of the Rastafarian movement which revered him.
Photo: Haile Selassie in Addis Ababa, 1966. Getty Images
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 The Ballerina And The Coup20130426 In April 1959 Dame Margot Fonteyn was part of a bizarre plot to topple the government of Panama.
The ballerina's husband, Roberto Arias, the son of a former president, led the failed coup.
Dame Margot bought hundreds of uniforms for the rebellion in New York.
Photo: Dame Margot Fonteyn and her Panamanian husband (McCabe/Express/Getty Images)
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 The White Collar Art Collectors20130503 21 years ago, a priceless modern art collection was donated to the US National Gallery of Art. The donors were Herb and Dorothy Vogel – a former postal worker and a retired librarian. They’d spent over four decades building up the collection – which was crammed into their tiny Manhattan apartment. Photo copyright: Fine Line Media, Inc.
 Ira Hunger Strike20130506 In 1981 the British government was faced with prisoners on hunger strike. The Irish republican activists were demanding to be treated as political prisoners not criminals. Several of them died in Northern Ireland - hear from one who survived.
Photo:AFP/Getty Images
 Pavarotti's Uk Debut20130507 On May 7th 1963, Luciano Pavarotti first perfomed on a British stage, in Northern Ireland. He was relatively unknown in those days but as a young singer who performed alongside him remembers, his talent shone out to everyone who heard him.
Photo: Margaret Smyth as Kate and Luciano Pavarotti as Capt. Pinkerton, Belfast 1963.
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 The Arctic Convoys20130510 We hear the story of Jack Humble, whose ship was torpedoed while escorting a convoy inside the Artic Circle.
From 1941-45, Allied sailors and ships battled storms, bombers and U-boats to ferry war supplies to Russia in WW2.
Photo:
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 Dambusters20130517 In 1943, the Royal Air Force attacked a set of dams in Germany's Ruhr valley which were considered indestructible. Flying low and at night, the crews used special bouncing bombs to bring down two of their targets. The Dambusters mission was a huge propaganda success for Britain and later inspired a famous film.
Simon Watts talks to Johnny Johnson, one of the few survivors of the raid.
PHOTO: Johnny Johnson (far left) with the rest of 617 squadron (DAMBUSTERS) at RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire, 22 JULY 1943 (Imperial War Museum).
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 The Murder Of Aldo Moro20130521 It is 35 years since the Italian Prime Minister was found dead in a car in Rome. He had been kidnapped by the Red Brigade, left-wing extremists, two months earlier.
(Image: Aldo Moro in captivity. Credit: Getty Images)
 The Watergate Hearings20130522 It is 40 years since the beginning of a Senate investigation which would eventually lead to Richard Nixon standing down as President of the USA. Senator Howard Baker was on the Watergate committee.
Photo: Senator Howard Baker (left), Senator Sam Irvin, Sam Dash, Senator Herman Talmadge. Credit: Gene Forte/Getty Images.
 Africa United20130523 Fifty years ago, in May 1963, leaders of 32 newly-independent African nations came together for the first time in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. At stake was the dream of a united Africa.
(Image: African leaders in Africa Hall, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on May 25, 1963. Credit: AP)
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 The Queen's Coronation20130531 In 1953, the young Queen Elizabeth the Second was crowned at Westminster Abbey. Two of her Maids of Honour share their memories of Coronation Day for Witness.
PHOTO: Press Association.
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 Robert Kennedy's Funeral Train20130607 In June 1968, Senator Robert Kennedy was gunned down during his campaign for the American presidency. Amid the nationwide mourning that followed, his funeral train travelled from New York to Washington with huge crowds lining the tracks. Witness speaks to Kennedy's former press secretary and to his former bodyguard. This programme was first broadcast last year.
PHOTO: Robert Kennedy in 1968 (US National Archive/Getty Images)
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 The Pentagon Papers20130614 In 1971 one man leaked thousands of pages of secret US government documents to the press. The papers, relating to America's role in Vietnam, were copied and distributed to the media by Daniel Ellsberg.
Photo: Associated Press
 Gay Marriage20130617 Later this month the US Supreme Court is expected to rule on same sex marriage. But more than forty years ago a gay couple from Minnesota managed to get a marriage licence - and even had a Christian wedding ceremony. We look back at the story and speak to the Minister who married them.
Photo: Jack Baker and Mike McConnell, photographed by R. Bertrand Heine. Courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society.
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 Ultrasound20130624 It's 55 years since a picture of a foetus inside the womb was first published.
It's 55 years since a picture of a foetus inside the womb was first published. It appeared in an article in the British medical journal 'The Lancet' on the first ultrasound scanner.
 War Requiem By Benjamin Britten20130625 It is regarded as one of the most important pieces in 20th Century English music.
Regarded as one of the most important pieces in 20th Century English music, it was first played in the newly built Coventry Cathedral. The original had been destroyed during World War II. Hear from one of the orchestral performers who took part, and from composer Michael Berkeley.
(Photo: Benjamin Britten in 1964 - BBC copyright)
 Smoking And Lung Cancer20130626 It wasn't until the 1950s that British researchers first connected cigarette smoking with the huge rise in people suffering from lung cancer. Initially, scientists had thought pollution was a much more likely cause. Hear an archive of Sir Richard Doll who carried out the original studies and Sir Richard Peto who worked with him.
(Image: A man holding a cigarette and blowing out smoke. Credit: Press Association)
 Jfk In Ireland20130627 Novelist Colm Toibin recalls US President John F Kennedy's visit to Ireland in June 1963
In June 1963 the US President John F Kennedy made a state visit to Ireland, his ancestral home. Irish novelist Colm Toibin remembers the effect he had on the people lining the streets to welcome him.
(Image: President John F Kennedy in the middle of a crowd. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images)
 Iraq's Sectarian Violence20130628 The recent surge in violence in Iraq has echoes of the sectarian conflict in 2006-07
The recent surge in violence in Iraq has echoes of the sectarian conflict in 2006-07. We hear from May Witwit, an Iraqi academic who lived throught that bloody period. She eventually fled the country, after seeing her name on a militia hit list.
(Photo: Iraqi women mourn the death of their murdered relatives, Nov 2006. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
 The Battle Of Gettysburg20130701 It is 150 years since a crucial battle in the American Civil War, which also inspired one of the most famous speeches in US history, the Gettysburg Address. Listen to diaries, and journals from the time.
Photo: Matt Rourke/AP
 Chilean Students Set On Fire2013070220130706 (WS)In July 1986 two students were set on fire by Chilean government soldiers
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 Iran Student Protest20130709 In July 1999, students in Iran took to the streets demanding reform. At the time it was the largest anti government protest since the Islamic revolution. We hear the story of one student who became an unwitting symbol of the protest movement.
(Photo: Ahmad Batebi holds up a T-shirt belonging to an injured friend, Tehran, July 12, 1999. Credit: Reuters)
 The Death Of Thich Quang Duc20130710 ***Some listeners may find this report disturbing***
In June 1963, Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc shocked the world by setting himself on fire in protest against the Catholic South Vietnamese government. Sister Chan Khong was there.
(Photo: Sister Chan Khong. BBC copyright)
 Skylab Falls To Earth20130711 In 1979, the world held its breath as the American space station, Skylab, re-entered the Earth's atmosphere. NASA tried desperately to control Skylab's descent, but large fragments hit south-west Australia instead of the Indian Ocean. Witness speaks to two residents of Esperance, a remote coastal town which bore the brunt of the impact.
(Image: Saturn V giant booster used for all the Apollo and Skylab NASA space missions between 1967 and 1972. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
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 Escape From The Kgb20130719 In 1985, the British double agent, Oleg Gordievsky, escaped from under the noses of the KGB, making it from Moscow to the West with the help of British intelligence. Witness tells the story of one of the most dramatic incidents during the Cold War.
PHOTO: Associated Press.
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 Black July2013072320130728 (WS)In 1983 violence erupted between the Sinhala majority and the Tamil minority in Sri Lanka. Hundreds, possibly thousands of Tamils were killed in the capital Colombo. The violence ended after a few days, but the killings had sparked off a civil war which would last for more than quarter of a century.
(Photo: The aftermath of the violence in a street in Colombo. Credit: Associated Press)
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 Burma's 1988 Protests20130808 In August 1988 huge protests demanding an end to military rule in Burma were met with violence.
Thousands of people were killed.
Photo: Burmese soldiers order crowds of protesters to disperse (Tommaso Villani/AFP/Getty Images)
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 Stanley Kubrick20130816 Fifty years ago, the legendary film director, Stanley Kubrick, premiered his classic cold war satire Dr Strangelove. It was the start of his long relationship with the set designer, Sir Ken Adam. Sir Ken talks to Vincent Dowd about working with one of the most talented - and difficult - men in film.
Photo: Columbia Tristar/Getty Images.
 Saddam Hussein's "human Shields"20130819 Hundreds of foreign nationals were held hostage in Iraq in the run up to the First Gulf War. We hear the story of the Lockwood family, whose 5 year old son, Stuart, was paraded on TV next to Saddam Hussein.
Photo: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein patting 5 year old Stuart Lockwood, 23 August 1990, Baghdad AFP/Getty Images.
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 Brazil Protests: Caras Pintadas20130823 In 1992, President Fernando Collor of Brazil was forced from office by a huge wave of street protests against corruption. The demonstrations were led by students who painted their faces with slogans and the colours of the Brazilian flag. Witness speaks to one of the first members of a movement that became known as Caras pintadas, meaning the Painted Faces.
Picture: Students with painted faces protest, Credit: AFP/Getty Images
 Krakatoa20130826 130 years ago, the Krakatoa volcano exploded, triggering a tsunami that caused devastation in Indonesia and beyond. Using archive recordings, Simon Watts tells the story of one of the world's biggest natural disasters. He also speaks to historian Simon Winchester. This programme was first broadcast in 2010.
PHOTO: Associated Press.
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 Eritrea's Long War20130902 In September 1961, an attack by rebels in Eritrea marked the start of the country's thirty year war of independence from Ethiopia. We hear the story of one doctor who joined the liberation struggle.
Photo: EPLF fighters on patrol in Eritrea, 1978.
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 Hms Trinidad20130906 George Lloyd, a young English composer, wrote a march for the ship he served on in World War II. The HMS Trinidad was sent to protect convoys carrying supplies to Russia, but it came to a tragic end - and George Lloyd suffered a breakdown which stopped him composing. His march has been revived for the Last Night of the Proms at the Albert Hall in London.
Photo: George Lloyd (far right) playing with the HMS Trinidad band.
 The Attica Prison Riot20130909 In September 1971 prisoners in a high security jail in the US rose up against their guards
 Us Airman Shot Down By Syria20130910 In December 1983, a US airman was shot down while attacking Syrian forces in Lebanon
 Military Coup In Chile20130911 On September 11th 1973, Gen Augusto Pinochet ousted the socialist government in Chile
 Saving The Tiger20130912 In 1973 PM Indira Gandhi launched a campaign to save the Bengal Tiger from extinction
 Four Little Girls20130913 On September 15th 1963, four young black girls were killed in a racist bombing in the US
 Evita's Odyssey20130916 The disappearance of the remains in 1955 of Evita Peron, the revered Argentine first lady
 The Oslo Peace Accords20130917 In September 1993 a peace agreement was signed between Israel and the Palestinians
 Anthrax Attacks20130918 In Sept 2001 letters were sent to journalists containing the biological agent Anthrax
 Duke Ellington Plays Afghanistan20130919 The jazz legend Duke Ellington played at a concert in Kabul In September 1963
 Iraqi Chemical Attacks20130920 In 1988 the Reagan administration decided not to punish Iraq for gassing Kurds in Halabja
 Re-education In Communist China20130923 Hear from a British man who spent five years being 're-educated' in China in the 1950s
 Baywatch20130924 Executive producer Michael Berk on the birth of a global hit TV show in September 1989
 The Death Of Paquirri20130925 The fatal goring of the legendary bullfighter Francisco Rivera Pérez in September 1984
 Siege Of Vukovar20130926 In 1991, the Yugoslav Army pounded the Croatian town for 87 days, horrifying the world.
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 Mao's American Comrade20131001 Mao declares the formation of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949. We hear from an American who helped to plan the revolution in the caves of Yan'an. Sidney Rittenberg remembers what the early days of communist rule were like in China.
 Australia's Asylum Stand-off20131002 In 2001, Australia refused entry to more than 400 refugees aboard a Norwegian freight ship, the Tampa. The people on board were mainly Afghans fleeing the Taliban, who had set sail in a fishing boat from Indonesia. The refugees became the centre of an international row over who should give them shelter.
(Photo: The Indonesian fishing boat carrying more than 400 refugees comes alongside the Norwegian Cargo ship Tampa which took them aboard. Credit: AP)
 Israel's Nuclear Secrets20131003 In October 1986, an Israeli nuclear technician, Mordechai Vanunu, revealed his country's secret nuclear weapons programme. Vanunu told his story to Britain's Sunday Times newspaper. He was later kidnapped by Israeli agents, taken back to Israel and put on trial for espionage.
Photo: Mordechai Vanunu in detention, Israel, 1986 (AP)
In October 1986, Mordechai Vanunu revealed Israel's secret nuclear weapons programme
 The Betty Ford Center20131004 Following her own struggles with drink and prescription drugs, former American First Lady Betty Ford opened a drug and alcohol treatment centre on 4 October 1982. The Betty Ford Center is now one of the most famous rehabilitation centres in the world. Lucy Burns spoke to Joseph Cruse, one of the doctors who helped her recover.
Photo: Betty Ford, courtesy of Gerald R Ford Memorial Library (public domain).
 The Murder Of Anna Politkovskaya20131007 The outspoken Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya was shot dead outside her Moscow flat in October 2006. She had been a fierce critic of Russia's leader, Vladimir Putin, and a campaigner for human rights. Her son, Ilya Politkovsky, was the first family member at the scene of the crime.
(Photo: Anna Politkovskaya. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
 Danish Jews Escape The Holocaust20131008 In October 1943, at the height of the Second World War, most of the Jews in Denmark evaded Nazi plans to send them to death camps. They were warned about a planned roundup by a German diplomat. Hear the story of Bent Melchior who was 14 years old when his family made the journey to safety in neutral Sweden.
(Photo: Bent, aged 15 and living in Sweden)
 Tunnel Under The Berlin Wall20131009 In October 1964 a group of students helped 57 people escape from communist East Germany despite the wall built to keep them in. Hear from Ralph Kabisch and Joachim Neumann who spent weeks digging what became known as Tunnel 57.
(Photo: A refugee is pulled out of Tunnel 57. Courtesy of Ralph Kabisch).
 Josephine Baker - Black American Superstar20131010 In 1925 a young black American dancer became an overnight sensation in Paris. Her overtly sexual act soon made her one of the most famous women in Europe. Her name was Josephine Baker - hear from her adopted son Jean-Claude Baker about her dancing, and her life.
(Photo: Josephine Baker in her heyday. Credit: Walery/Getty Images)
 Thomas Sankara African Revolutionary20131011 One of Africa's most famous radical leaders, Captain Thomas Sankara, was gunned down in a coup in Burkina Faso in October 1987. His overthrow was orchestrated by his old friend, Blaise Compaore. We hear from Thomas Sankara's brother, Paul.
Photo: Captain Thomas Sankara in Zimbabwe, Aug 1986. AFP/Getty Images
When one of Africa's most celebrated leaders was killed in a coup in Burkina Faso
 Escape From Sobibor Death Camp20131014 Hundreds of Jewish slave labourers in a Nazi death camp staged a revolt and escaped in October 1943.
Many were caught and shot. Around 50 made it to the end of the war.
Listen to the story of Thomas Blatt, one of the survivors.
Photo: Sobibor Death Camp (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
In October 1943, hundreds of Jewish slave labourers staged a revolt in a Nazi death camp
 The Brighton Hotel Bombing20131015 In October 1984, Margaret Thatcher survived a bomb attack on the hotel where she was staying.
Five people were killed and more than 30 others injured in the explosion, which was carried out by the Irish Republican Army (IRA).
We hear from a government official in the hotel at the time.
Photo: The Grand Hotel in Brighton after the IRA bombing (John Minihan/Express/Getty Images)
 Walter Sisulu Is Released20131016 In October 1989, the anti-apartheid leader, Walter Sisulu, was freed from prison after 26 years.
He had been jailed along with Nelson Mandela on Robben Island.
One of Sisulu's daughters, Beryl, recalls the day her father came home.
Photo: Walter Sisulu with his wife, Albertina, soon after his release from prison (AP)
 The Scottsboro Boys: A Miscarriage Of Justice In The Us20131017 In 1931, nine black teenagers were convicted of raping two white girls in the southern US state of Alabama.
Eight were sentenced to death by an all-white jury; but after years of campaigning, all eventually went free.
We hear from the daughter of Clarence Norris, one of the accused.
Picture: Police escort two recently freed "Scottsboro Boys" New York, 1937, Credit: Associated Press
 Death Of Grenada's Revolution20131018 On 19 October 1983, Grenada's popular left-wing prime minister, Maurice Bishop, was killed following an internal party coup. Six days later the US invaded the tiny Caribbean island. We hear from Ann Peters, who was with Maurice Bishop in his final hours.
Photo: Maurice Bishop in 1983. BBC Pictures
 The Opening Of Sydney Opera House20131021 In October 1973 Sydney Opera House was officially opened by the Queen. The impressive building, with its distinctive white-shelled roof, took 20 years to complete. We hear from Jack Zunz, one of the lead engineers about the dramas, both human and structural.
(Photo: The Syndey Opera House. Credit: ALLSPORT/Getty Images)
In 1973 Sydney Opera House finally opened its doors to the public, 10 years late
 Spying For The Stasi20131022 In 1991, one of East Berlin's most famous poets was revealed to have been an informer for the secret police. Sascha Anderson speaks to Witness about his double life.
Photo: A shelf in the files department of the Stasi-archives in Berlin. Credit: Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images.
The avant-garde poet who informed for the East German secret police.
 Beirut Barracks Bombing20131023 On 23 October 1983, hundreds were killed in co-ordinated suicide attacks on the headquarters of American and French troops stationed in Lebanon. The troops were part of a multi-national force deployed to help end the Lebanese civil war. Hear the story of Randy Gaddo, a US marine who witnessed the devastating attack on the US Marine barracks.
(Photo: Aftermath of attack on US Marine Barracks in Beirut, 23 October 1983. Credit: AP)
 A Heroine Of Burundi's Civil War20131024 In 1993, Burundi's civil war began. We hear the story of Marguerite Barankitse who helped thousands of children affected by the conflict and came to symbolise hope for peace. She is known as 'the Angel of Burundi'.
Photo: Marguerite Barankitse in Burundi / UNHCR
 The Bbc's First Man In Moscow20131025 In 1963, Erik de Mauny became the first BBC correspondent based in the Soviet Union.
The BBC had tried to open a bureau there during World War II, but only succeeded 20 years later.
De Mauny's son, Marc, talks about the hurdles his father had to overcome while reporting from behind the Iron Curtain.
Photo: Erik de Mauny (BBC)
 The Wall Street Crash Of 198720131028 19 October 1987 became known as Black Monday after share prices on Wall Street fell by a record rate.
We hear from Art Cashin, a trader at the New York Stock Exchange.
Photo: The scene on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on Black Monday (MARIA R BASTONE/AFP/Getty Images)
 Tokyo Rose - The Most Hated Woman In America20131029 In 1949, Iva Toguri, a Japanese-American woman, was wrongly convicted for making propaganda broadcasts on behalf of Japan during the Second World War. She was accused of being the infamous radio presenter known to American servicemen as "Tokyo Rose". Witness speaks to Ron Yates, a reporter whose investigation helped to clear Iva Toguri's name.
PHOTO: Iva Toguri in the 1940s (US National Archives)
In 1949 Iva Toguri was falsely accused of making Japanese propaganda during World War Two
 Hurricane Mitch20131030 In 1998 Central America was hit by Hurricane Mitch. More than 18,000 people died, hundreds of thousands were left homeless. We hear from two people who were in Honduras, the country worst hit by the huge storm.
(Photo: One young man balances on a log to get across a river swollen by the storms in Honduras. Credit: Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)
 The Assassination Of Indira Gandhi20131031 On 31 October 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was shot dead by her Sikh bodyguards. We speak to RK Dhawan, one of her closest aides, who was with her in the garden that morning and was a witness to her assassination.
(Photo: Indian school children light candles to pay tribute to the late former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Credit: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images)
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 The Samaritans Helpline20131101 In November 1953 an English clergyman set up the first telephone helpline for people considering suicide. The Reverend Chad Varah began the pioneering service from a room in his own church house.
Today, the Samaritans receive more than five million calls every year in the UK alone. There are more than 100 branches overseas.
(Photo: The Reveren Chad Varah at the entrance to his office at the church of St Stephen, Wallbrook, City of London. Credit: PA)
  20131104  
 Degenerate Art And The Nazis20131104 In 1937, Hitler and the Nazi party organised a huge exhibition of modern art in Munich. It was designed to ridicule works of art which they disapproved of - they called it Degenerate Art. It went on to be one of the best attended modern art exhibitions of all time.
Picture: Two men prepare to hang German Expressionist painter Max Beckmann's triptych 'Temptation' at the 20th Century German Art Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. The exhibition includes work by all the German artists pilloried by Adolf Hitler in the 'Degenerate Art' exhibition in Munich of 1937. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
  20131105  
 Waterford Kamhlaba Multi-racial School20131105 In 1963 southern Africa's first multi-racial school opened in Swaziland.
It was a direct challenge to neighbouring South Africa's apartheid regime.
We hear from two people who were there when the school first opened its doors.
Photo: Headmaster Michael Stern and his first pupils in 1963 (courtesy of Waterford Kamhlaba)
 The Green March In The Sahara20131106 In 1975 hundreds of thousands of Moroccans marched into disputed territory in the desert.
 The Green March In The Sahara20131106 In November 1975, King Hassan the Second ordered hundreds of thousands of Moroccans to march into disputed territory in the desert. He wanted to claim the colony of Spanish Sahara for Morocco. The Green March led to a diplomatic victory for the King, but sparked a guerrilla war and decades of instability in the region. Witness speaks to a Moroccan who was on the march.
  20131107  
 The Death Of Dylan Thomas20131107 In November 1953 the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas died in New York aged just thirty-nine. Witness presents interviews from the BBC archives.
Picture copyright BBC - Dylan Thomas, making a broadcast on the BBC in November 1948.
 Canada's Biggest Peacetime Evacuation20131108 In 1979 a train carrying tonnes of dangerous chemicals crashed in Canada
 Canada's Biggest Peacetime Evacuation20131108 On 10 November 1979 a train carrying hundreds of tonnes of dangerous chemicals crashed in Canada. It led to one of the biggest peacetime evacuations in North America.
(Photo: Aerial view of the crash scene. Credit: Courtesy of Mississauga Library System)
  20131111  
 Armistice Day 191820131111 On November 11th 1918 at 11am, the guns of World War One finally fell silent.
Listen to voices from the archives remembering that moment.
Photo: Marshall Foch and other military leaders outside the railway carriage where the WW1 Armistice was signed on Nov 11th 1918. (Three Lions/Getty Images)
 Dustbowl Storms In The Us20131112 In November 1933, one of the first in a series of dust-storms hit the central United States. In the following years, hundreds of thousands of farmers would migrate to California. Witness tells their story using archive recordings from the Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin collection at the Library of Congress.
(Photo: Dust storm engulfing houses. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
  20131113  
 Death In The Boxing Ring20131113 In November 1982, the boxer Deuk-Koo Kim died of brain damage after a world title fight against the American Ray Mancini. Kim fell into a coma after being repeatedly knocked down in the 14th round. His death led to a series of reforms in boxing.
Ray Mancini shares his memories of the fight and its aftermath.
(Photo: Deuk-Koo Kim at home in Seoul before his departure for Las Vegas to fight Ray Mancini. Credit: Dong-a Ilbo/AFP/Getty Images)
 Baby Fae And The Baboon Heart Transplant20131114 In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a two-week-old baby.
 Baby Fae And The Baboon Heart Transplant20131114 In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a two-week-old baby girl. She had been born with a fatal heart condition - but there was no infant human donor available.
Hear from the lead surgeon, and an intensive care nurse involved in the fight to save Baby Fae's life.
Photo: Baby Fae listening to her mother's voice in the isolation unit. Courtesy of Loma Linda Hospital
 Yemen Civil War20131115 Red Cross doctors tried to treat both royalist and republican casualties in Yemen in the 1960s. Witness Pascal Grellety-Bosviel first journeyed to the frontline, to reach injured fighters, in November 1964. He later went on to help found the charity Medecins sans Frontieres.
Photo: Royalist fighters in the mountains. Keystone Features/Getty Images
 Yemen Civil War20131115 Red Cross doctors tried to treat both royalist and republican casualties in Yemen in the 1960s. Witness Pascal Grellety-Bosviel first journeyed to the frontline, to reach injured fighters, in November 1964. He later went on to help found the charity Medecins sans Frontieres.
Photo: Royalist fighters in the mountains. Keystone Features/Getty Images
 The Jonestown Massacre20131118 In November 1978 an American cult leader, Jim Jones, ordered more than 900 people to kill themselves. He had brought his followers to live in a remote settlement in Guyana in South America - they called it Jonestown. Hear from one of his disciples who escaped the killing that day. This programme was first broadcast in 2009.
Photo: The aftermath of the Jonestown Massacre. Associated Press.
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 Birmingham Pub Bombings20131121 In 1974, bombs exploded at two busy pubs in the English city of Birmingham, killing 21 people. The IRA were blamed. Witness speaks to Les Robinson, who survived the attack.
(Photo: Debris and damage from the bomb in the basement pub. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
 Making Doctor Who20131122 On 23 November 1963 the first episode of Doctor Who, one of the world's best loved TV programmes was shown. Witness speaks to Carole Ann Ford, who played the Doctor's grand-daughter.
(Photo: First episode of the world’s longest running sci-fi series Doctor Who with William Russell as Ian, Carole Ann Ford as Susan, Jacqueline Hill as Barbara and William Hartnell as Doctor Who)
 The Trojan Room Coffee Pot20131125 In 1993 the first webcam went online. Its camera was focused on a coffee pot so that computer scientists in Cambridge, in the UK could see if there was any coffee available. Dr Quentin Stafford-Fraser, Martyn Johnson and Paul Jardetzky explain how they developed the precursor to Skype.
 The First Panda In America20131126 In November 1936, a US socialite and her Chinese-American guide captured a giant panda cub in the forests of China. Ruth Harkness took the cub to the USA and kept it in her New York flat, before selling it to a Chicago zoo.
Photo: Quentin Young, the panda cub and Ruth Harkness. Courtesy of Jolly Young.
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 Vietnamese Boat People20131203 In the late 1970s, after the end of the Vietnam War, over a million people fled the country on small overcrowded boats. Hear the story of just one Vietnamese boat person: Nguyen Ngoc Ngan.
Photo: Cor/AFP/Getty Images.
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 The Anc's Armed Struggle20131211 In 1961 the African National Congress decided to take up arms against Apartheid. The organisation's military wing was called Umkhonto we Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation. Ronnie Kasrils was a young anti-Apartheid activist who planted one of the first bombs aimed at sabotaging the South African government's infrastructure.
(Image: Ronnie Kasrils in 1961. Credit: Ronnie Kasrils)
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 The Mp Who Faked His Own Death20131224 British MP John Stonehouse faked his own death in Miami in November 1974 - and was discovered just weeks later in Australia on 24 December. Lucy Burns speaks to his barrister, Geoffrey Robertson QC.
 Grand Theft Auto20131225 A new computer game - designed in Scotland - became a surprise global hit in 1997. But Grand Theft Auto also courted controversy and sparked debate over violence and drugs in video games. Listen to Brian Baglow - one of the original team behind the launch.
 The Murder Of Dian Fossey20131226 Gorilla expert Dian Fossey was murdered in her cabin at her research centre in Rwanda on 26 December 1985. Lucy Burns speaks to Kelly Stewart, who worked with Fossey and the gorillas.
 Prison Camp In Ww2 Manila, Philippines20131227 Thousands of foreign civilians were interned in camps when Japanese troops occupied the Philippines in World War II. Many of the inmates suffered from acute malnutrition. We hear the story of one boy, Desmond Malone, who was interned at the Santo Tomas camp in Manila.
Photo: American inmates of the Santo Tomas internment camp after liberation by US forces in February 1945 (AP Photo/Pool)
 Anti-shah Demonstrations In Iran20131230 Millions of people took to the streets of Iran's main cities in December 1978. They were demonstrating against the Shah and his authoritarian government. Hear from two men who took part in the protests: Sadeq Zibakalam and Abbas Milani.
Photo: Demonstrators in 1978. Associated Press.
 Edith Piaf20131231 In 1963, the funeral of the legendary French singer brought Paris to a standstill. In this programme, Piaf's friends and lovers recall the career of the "Little Sparrow".
 The Zapatista Uprising In Mexico20140101 Armed indigenous rebels seized several towns in Chiapas, Mexico, on New Year's Day in 1994. The Zapatista National Liberation Army demanded rights and recognition for indigenous communities. The urprising, which lasted just ten days, took Mexicans totally by surprise. We hear from a Roman Catholic priest who was there, Father Gonzalo Ituarte.
(Photo credit: MIC PHOTO PRESS/AFP/Getty Images)
 The Longest Ever Raft Journey20140102 The Las Balsas expedition saw 12 men set off on three primitive rafts across the Pacific Ocean from South America to Australia - to prove that ancient peoples could have travelled between the two continents. The 1973 voyage was the longest ever journey by raft - double the length of the famous Kon-Tiki expedition. We hear from two of the crew members - American Mike Fitzgibbons and Gabriel Salas from Chile - about their battles with storms, sharks and a grumpy monkey.
Picture: The 12 man team outside the Suntori Motel in Ballina, New South Wales
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Witness [World Service]The Minnesota Starvation Experiment20140120 During World War Two conscientious objectors could volunteer for medical experiments. Hear the story of one young American who had refused to fight, but was prepared to starve for his country. Marshall Sutton is now 95 - he took part in the Minnesota Starvation Experiment in 1944 in an attempt to help scientists understand how best to look after starving civilians in war-torn Europe.
(Photo: Marshall Sutton today)
Witness [World Service]The Minnesota Starvation Experiment20140120  
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Witness [World Service]World's First Nuclear-powered Submarine20140121 The world's first ever nuclear-powered submarine was launched. The USS Nautilus was regarded as the first 'true' submarine as it could submerge for months. It soon shattered all underwater speed and distance records and played a crucial role in the cold war. We hear from one of the original crewmembers.
PHOTO: Courtesy of the US Navy
Witness [World Service]World's First Nuclear-powered Submarine20140121  
  20140122  
 The Execution Of Ted Bundy20140123 In January 1989, serial killer Ted Bundy was executed by electric chair in Florida. It's thought he'd killed dozens of young women and girls. His defence lawyer recounts the events of that morning and his memories of a client who he found both smart and engaging.
PHOTO: AP
  20140124 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Creation Of Modern Nigeria In 191420140124 In January 1914, Britain merged two separate colonial territories in West Africa to form the modern state of Nigeria. It was called the Amalgamation of Nigeria. We hear rare archive recordings of witnesses to this defining period in Nigerian history, including the British colonial officer responsible for unification, Lord Frederick Lugard and the Nigerian nationalist, Ernest Ikoli.
Photo: Amalgamation Day, Lagos, 1 January 1914
Witness [World Service]The Creation Of Modern Nigeria In 191420140124  
  20140127 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Ww2, The Holocaust And Rome20140127 In 1943, Rome's Jewish citizens were promised that if they gave gold to the Nazis, they would escape deportation. Despite handing over 50kg of gold - more than 1,500 of the city's Jews were rounded up and sent to the death camps. Alan Johnston reports from Rome.
Photo: Survivor Settimia Spizzichino (far right)
Witness [World Service]Ww2, The Holocaust And Rome20140127  
  20140128 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140129 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Us Cuts Diplomatic Ties With Cuba20140130 In January 1961, the US closed down its embassy in Cuba and withdrew all diplomatic staff.
Tension had been growing between Washington and Fidel Castro's revolutionary government.
We speak to Wayne Smith, one of the last American diplomats to leave the island.
PHOTO: An advert on the Miami waterfront after Fidel Castro came to power (Graf/Getty Images)
 American Football And Brain Injuries20140131 In 2002 the death of a former NFL star, Mike Webster, led to questions about the safety of American football. Hear from Mike's son, Garrett Webster and one of the doctors who treated him.
Photo: Mike Webster. Getty Images Sport.
  20140203 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140204 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140205 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140206 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Beatlemania20140207 On February 7th, 1964, British pop group the Beatles were met by hysterical crowds when their plane landed in the USA. Judith Kristen was one of the thousands of teenage girls at the airport that day. Hear her memories of Beatlemania.
Photo: AP
  20140210 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140211 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140212 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140213 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140214 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Jean-michel Basquiat20140217 In the early 1980s a young black graffiti artist took the New York art world by storm. Soon, his paintings were selling for huge sums but he would die before the decade was out. Hear from Patti Astor who knew him in his heyday.
Photo: Jean-Michel Basquiat painting titled "Dustheads" sold at Christies in NY for over $48 million in 2013 (AP/Christie"s)
  20140218 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140219 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140220 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Protests For The Mother Tongue20140221 In February 1952 thousands of people marched in Dhaka in defence of the Bengali language. Eight of the protesters were shot dead by police. It became known as Bangladesh's Language Movement Day. We hear from Abdul Gaffar Choudhury, one of the demonstrators, whose song about the protests became the anthem of the movement.
(Photo: Student demonstrators gather by Dhaka University, February 1952. Courtesy of Prof Rafiqul Islam and Liberation War Museum).
  20140224 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140225 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140226 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140227 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140228 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Maharishi's World Tour20140303 In the spring of 1959, Indian guru Maharishi Mahesh Yogi set off around the world to spread the teachings of Transcendental Meditation. Witness speaks to Theresa Olson, who was ten years old when the Maharishi came to stay in her parents’ house.
Photo: BBC - Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on 'Meeting Point', BBC1, Sunday 5th July 1964
 British Miners' Strike20140304 In March 1984, coal miners across Britain went on strike over planned pit closures. One former miner recalls the clash between strikers and police in 'the Battle of Orgreave'.
(Photo: Striking miners picketing Tilmanstone Colliery in Kent, March 1985. Credit: Steve Eason/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
  20140305 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140306 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140307 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Suffragette Art Attack20140310 On March 10th 1914, suffragette Mary Richardson attacked a priceless painting in London's National Gallery with a meat cleaver. She was campaigning for women's right to vote in Britain. The painting, the Rokeby Venus, by Spanish 17th Century artist, Diego Velázquez, was later restored.
Photo: Detail of The Rokeby Venus photographed shortly after the attack
  20140311 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Barbie20140312 The first Barbie doll was sold in 1959. The woman at Mattel who created it describes how it took years to convince her male colleagues that it would sell.
PHOTO: Ruth and Elliot Handler, creators of Barbie, courtesy of Mattel Inc
  20140313 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140314 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Torrey Canyon Disaster20140317 In March 1967 an oil tanker hit the rocks off the south-west coast of England.
It was the biggest oil spill the world had ever seen.
The air force tried to burn up the oil by dropping bombs on it.
Photo: AFP/ Getty Images
  20140318 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140319 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140320 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140321 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Missing Plane Mystery20140324 In 1947, passenger plane Star Dust vanished without trace over the Andes, after sending a cryptic final message via Morse code. Its disappearance sparked rumours of espionage and alien abduction, but the truth of its fate was finally revealed in 2000. Hear from the relatives of those on board.
(Photo: An Avro Lancastrian aircraft. Credit: J. A. Hampton / Hulton Archive)
  20140325 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014032620140330 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140327 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140328 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Murder Of Selena Quintanilla-perez20140331 On March 31 1995, rising Latino superstar Selena was shot dead by her fan club manager in a Texas motel.
The Grammy-award-winning singer was just 23 years old at the time.
Her husband, Chris Perez, tells Witness about the day he lost his wife.
(Photo: AP)
  20140401 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014040220140406 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20140403 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20140403  
  20140404 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140407 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140408 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014040920140413 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140410 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140411 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140414 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 North Korea Train Explosion20140415 An explosion at a train station in North Korea killed around 170 people and destroyed thousands of homes in April 2004. In a rare moment of openness, authorities in Pyongyang asked the United Nations for help. Hear from a Western aid worker who travelled to Ryongchon to assess the damage.
(Photo: North Koreans clear rubble after the Ryongchon train explosion. Credit: Gerald Bourke/World Food Programme/Getty Images)
 The Legalisation Of Solidarity2014041620140420 (WS)In April 1989 the Polish trade union Solidarity was legalised once again.
In April 1989 the Polish trade union Solidarity was legalised once again, after eight years operating underground. It was a key step towards Solidarity’s defeat of the Moscow-backed communist authorities at elections later that year. Witness hears from its Solidarity's former spokesman, Janusz Onyszkiewicz.
Photo: Polish Solidarity spokesmen Janusz Onyszkiewicz (L) and Jozef Slisz (R) look on as advisor Bronislaw Geremek calls for the legalisation of independent political parties on June 6th 1989. (Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Legalisation Of Solidarity2014041620140420 (WS)In April 1989 the Polish trade union Solidarity was legalised once again, after eight years operating underground. It was a key step towards Solidarity’s defeat of the Moscow-backed communist authorities at elections later that year. Witness hears from Solidarity's former spokesman, Janusz Onyszkiewicz.
Photo: Polish Solidarity spokesmen Janusz Onyszkiewicz (L) and Jozef Slisz (R) look on as advisor Bronislaw Geremek calls for the legalisation of independent political parties on 6 June, 1989. (Credit: Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Legalisation Of Solidarity20140416  
  20140417 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140418 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140421 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Greek Military Coup20140421 In April 1967, seven years of military dictatorship began in Greece. Thousands of people were arrested and tortured during the rule of the Colonels. Witness speaks to Gerasimos Nortaras, who was part of the armed resistance to the military. He was captured, but refused to give away his fellow fighters, even under brutal torture.
Witness [World Service]The Greek Military Coup20140421  
  20140422 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Mugabe Becomes Zimbabwe's Leader2014042320140427 (WS)In April 1980, Robert Mugabe became the first prime minister of Zimbabwe
In April 1980, Robert Mugabe became the first prime minister of Zimbabwe - formerly Rhodesia. He had just won historic elections, ending years of white minority rule. We hear from Wilf Mbanga who was once part of Mr Mugabe's inner circle.
(Photo: Wilf Mbanga (centre) tells joke to Robert Mugabe (L) and Julius Nyrere of Tanzania (R) , Delhi, 1984. Credit: Bester Kanyama)
Witness [World Service]The Carnation Revolution In Portugal20140424 On April 25 1974 a coup carried out by left-leaning army officers led the way to democracy in Portugal. The largely peaceful handover of power became known as the Carnation Revolution. Hear from Adelino Gomes, who was a young journalist in Lisbon at the time.
 The Frontier Gandhi20140425 In 1930 protestors gathered in Qissa Khwani Bazaar to object to the the arrest of independence activist Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan - also known as The Frontier Gandhi. The gathering in Peshawar was a non-violent one, but British soldiers opened fire and hundreds of people were killed.
We dip into the archives for a recording of a British colonial officer, Olaf Caroe, who gave his account of this violent episode in the story of Indian independence to the BBC in the 1970s.
Picture: Mahatma Gandhi with Pashtun leader Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, 1938 in Peshawar, during a political meeting. Courtesy of OFF/AFP/Getty Images

The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140428 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20140429 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140430 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Mao's Long March20140501 In 1934 Mao Zedong led some eighty-six thousand communist followers on an epic journey across China to escape the nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-Shek.
Tens of thousands died on the year-long retreat, which became known as the Long March.
We hear from Zhong Ming, one of the few survivors still alive.
Photo: Communist leader Mao Zedong (left) during the Long March (Keystone/Getty Images)
  20140502 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140505 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140506 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140507 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Paul Robeson's Comeback Concert2014050720140511 (WS)In May 1958 the great African-American singer performed at Carnegie Hall. For the previous 8 years, because of his left-wing politics and civil rights activism, he'd been banned from performing in most American concert halls. We hear from his granddaughter Susan Robeson.
Witness [World Service]Paul Robeson's Comeback Concert20140507  
Witness [World Service]Paul Robeson's Comeback Concert2014050720140511 (WS)In May 1958 the great African-American singer performed at Carnegie Hall. For the previous eight years, because of his left-wing politics and civil rights activism, he had been banned from performing in most American concert halls. We hear from his granddaughter Susan Robeson.
Witness [World Service]Paul Robeson's Comeback Concert20140507  
  20140508 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Abba Win Eurovision20140509 In 1974 the Swedish pop group Abba finally made it to international pop stardom. Their song Waterloo won the Eurovision Song Contest and they went on to top the charts across Europe.
Hear from Mike Batt who was at the Eurovision Song Contest that night and who met the group on the verge of fame.
Photo: Abba (with their conductor dressed as Napoleon) Copyright BBC.
The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140512 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Willy Brandt's Spy Scandal20140512 In May 1974, the West German chancellor Willy Brandt was forced to resign after it was revealed that one of his aides was a spy for the East German secret police. Witness speaks to his son Matthias, who was twelve at the time, and to his private secretary Wolf-Dietrich Schilling.

(Photo: Willy Brandt, president of German Socialist Party (SPD) addresses press 05 July 1977 in Helsinki. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Willy Brandt's Spy Scandal20140512  
  20140513 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140514 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Mods And Rockers2014051420140518 (WS)In 1964, rival youth gangs clashed at the English resort of Brighton over the Bank Holiday weekend. The fighting sparked moral panic about a generation of apparent juvenile delinquents. Witness speaks to Alfredo Marcantonio, a Mod who was caught up in the clashes.
(Photo: Mods confined to Brighton beach by the police. Credit: Getty Images)
 Jailed For Speaking His Mind In China20140515 In 1957 the Chinese Communist leader Chairman Mao made a speech encouraging criticism of his Communist system saying 'Let a hundred flowers bloom; let a hundred schools of thought contend'. We hear from Harry Wu, who made his views known and ended up in prison for nearly twenty years.
(Photo: Harry Wu with portrait of Chairman Mao. Credit: AFP/Getty)
  20140516 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140519 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140520 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140521 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Assassination Of Rajiv Gandhi2014052120140525 (WS)In 1991 the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated. The grandson of the founder of modern India, Jawaharlal Nehru, was blown up by Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels while campaigning for the general election. We hear from a journalist who was with him just moments before the attack.
(Photo: Funeral procession of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi 24 May 1991. Credit: Douglas E. Curran/AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Assassination Of Rajiv Gandhi20140521  
  20140522 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Pope And The Jews20140523 In April 1986 Pope John Paul II made a historic visit to a Rome synagogue - aimed at healing centuries of deep wounds between Jews and Catholics.
(Photo: AFP)
 The Mit Blackjack Scam20140526 In the 1990s teams of students from one of America's top universities - MIT - used card counting techniques to win millions of dollars in the casinos of Las Vegas.
(Photo: Getty Images)
 The Death Of Nehru20140527 In May 1964 India's first prime minister and the man who led India to independence died.
His niece, the writer Nayanatara Seghal, remembers her famous uncle.
Photo: Indira Gandhi paying her respects at the body of her father, Jawaharlal Nehru.(AFP/Getty Images)
 Monkeys In Space2014052820140601 (WS)In May 1959, for the first time America sends two monkeys into space and brings them back alive.
It's a watershed moment for the US space agency, Nasa, and paves the way for future manned space missions.
Photo: Keystone\Getty Images
(Originally broadcast in May 2012)
The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140529 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140530 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Nepali Royal Massacre20140602 In June 2001 the Crown Prince of Nepal killed both his parents and other members of his family in a shooting at the royal palace. Witness speaks to his cousin, who survived the massacre.
Photo: Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince of Nepal (Getty Images)
  20140603 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140604 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Tiananmen Square Massacre2014060420140608 (WS)In June 1989 the communist authorities in China crushed a huge pro-democracy protest in Beijing. Demonstrators, most of them students, had been occupying Tiananmen Square for weeks on end. On June 4th the army was sent in to clear the area, killing hundreds. Diane Wei Liang and Hayou Zhang were among the protestors - they remember that day.
(Photo: Demonstrators in Tiananmen Square. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Tiananmen Square Massacre20140604  
  20140605 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140606 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 War Of Canudos In Brazil20140609 In 1897, at least 15,000 people died when the Brazilian army crushed a rebellion by peasants in the arid backlands of northeast Brazil. The rebels were led by a charismatic preacher called Anthony the Counsellor. The War of Canudos is now seen as a defining moment in the emergence of modern Brazil.
Witness tells the story of the conflict using a contemporary account by the Brazilian author, Euclides Da Cunha. The programme also speaks to Professor David Treece of King's College London.
PHOTO: Survivors of the War of Canudos pictured shortly after the final assault.
  20140610 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014061120140615 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140612 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140613 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Oj Simpson Car Chase20140616 In June 1994 police chased the former American football star along the freeways of Los Angeles. They wanted to arrest him following the death of his ex-wife. Hear from one of the policemen who helped bring him in: Detective Tom Lange.

Photo: Detective Lange and another police officer flanking OJ Simpson after the car chase. Copyright: Vince Bucci. AFP/Getty Images.
Witness [World Service]The Oj Simpson Car Chase20140616  
  20140617 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014061820140622 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Mysterious Life And Loves Of A Russian Baroness2014061820140622 (WS)Among the mourners at the funeral of the great Soviet writer, Maxim Gorky, in 1936 was a mysterious baroness. Moura Budberg had been Gorky's lover and, before that, the lover of a British secret agent who'd been thrown into a Soviet jail. Her extraordinary life led some to call her the Russian Mata Hari. But was she really a spy?

(Photo: Baroness Moura Budberg. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Mysterious Life And Loves Of A Russian Baroness20140618  
  20140619 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140620 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 1954 Burma Hijack20140623 In June 1954 separatist Karen rebels in Burma hijacked a passenger plane. They wanted to use it to help arm fellow insurgents in the west of the country. Witness hears from Saw Kyaw Aye, who led the hijackers.
(Photo: Saw Kyaw Aye, now in his late 80s)

The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]1954 Burma Hijack20140623 In June 1954 separatist Karen rebels in Burma hijacked a passenger plane. They wanted to use it to help arm fellow insurgents in the west of the country. Witness hears from Saw Kyaw Aye, who led the hijackers.

(Photo: Saw Kyaw Aye, now in his late 80s)
Witness [World Service]1954 Burma Hijack20140623  
 Albanian Illegal Immigrants20140624 In the spring and summer of 1991 tens of thousands of Albanians commandeered cargo ships to take them Italy. The immigrants were escaping a collapsing communist dictatorship. Robert Budina was one of the Albanians on board the Vlora, a cargo ship which had been carrying sugar from Cuba.
Photo: Albanian immigrants on board the Vlora. Copyright: Associated Press.
Witness [World Service]Albanian Illegal Immigrants20140624 In the spring and summer of 1991 tens of thousands of Albanians commandeered cargo ships to take them to Italy. The immigrants were escaping a collapsing communist dictatorship. Robert Budina was one of the Albanians on board the Vlora, a cargo ship which had been carrying sugar from Cuba.

(Photo: Albanian immigrants on board the Vlora. Copyright: Associated Press)
Witness [World Service]Albanian Illegal Immigrants20140624  
 "lidice Shall Die"2014062520140629 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
In June 1942 the village of Lidice in German-occupied Czechoslovakia was completely destroyed in retaliation for the assassination of a top ranking Nazi. Adolf Hitler was so outraged by the murder of Reinhard Heydrich that he ordered that all the men from the village be shot, the women sent to concentration camps and the children 'placed in suitable educational establishments'. In the end most of the children were gassed and the women sent to a concentration camp.
Photo: The Skleničková family in 1931. Credit: Courtesy of Jaroslava Skleničková.
  20140626 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140627 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140630 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140701 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Oklahoma: The Musical20140702 In the middle of World War Two an optimistic musical about American rural life in the early 1900s, became a hit on Broadway. Created by Rodgers and Hammerstein its songs were soon being sung around the world. Gemze DeLappe was in the original production.

(Photo: Female chorus line from Oklahoma. Credit: Courtesy of Rodgers and Hammerstein Organisation)
Witness [World Service]Oklahoma: The Musical20140702  
 Oklahoma: The Musical2014070220140706 (WS)In World War Two an optimistic musical about American rural life became a hit on Broadway
Witness [World Service]Oklahoma: The Musical20140702  
Witness [World Service]Artek - The Soviet Holiday Camp20140703 Artek was the Soviet Union's most popular holiday camp, on the shores of the Black Sea in Crimea. Thousands of children visited every year - Maria Kim Espeland went there in the 1980s.

(Photo: Group of children attending Artek. Credit: Irina Vlasova)
Witness [World Service]Artek - The Soviet Holiday Camp20140703  
 Iraq's Awakening Movement20140704 In 2006 Sunni tribal militia turned against Al Qaeda in Iraq and began working with US forces. It was a turning point in the insurgency in Iraq.
We hear from a former US Marine, David Goldich, who served in Anbar province and witnessed the emergence of the Awakening movement.
Photo: Members of the Sunni Anbar Awakening with Iraqi police commandos and US troops, September 2007. (Ahmed Al Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images)
  20140707 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140708 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140709 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Sinking Of The Rainbow Warrior2014070920140713 (WS)On 9 July 1985 the Greenpeace campaign ship was bombed by French secret agents in Auckland, New Zealand. One environmental campaigner was killed and the Rainbow Warrior was sunk. Hear from the ship's captain Pete Willcox who was on board when the attack took place.
(Photo: Captain Pete Willcox, courtesy of Greenpeace)
Witness [World Service]The Sinking Of The Rainbow Warrior20140709  
Witness [World Service] 20140710 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Pablo Neruda20140711 In July 1904, the great Latin American poet Pablo Neruda was born in a remote town in the south of Chile. Witness presents an interview which Neruda gave to the BBC in 1965. Listen to the memories of fellow Chilean author, Ariel Dorfman.

Picture: Pablo Neruda receives the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971, Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images
 The Death Of Frida Kahlo20140714 On July 13 1954, the celebrated Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo, died at the age of 47.
The art critic, Raquel Tibor, lived in Frida's house during the last year of the artist's life -- she speaks to Witness about the pain and torment of her final days.
Photo: Frida Kahlo with her husband, the painter Diego Rivera, at their home in Mexico city, April 1939 (AP)
Witness [World Service] 20140715 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014071620140720 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140717 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140718 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Attack On Argentina's Jews20140721 In 1994, 85 people were killed when a car bomb exploded outside a Jewish community centre in the capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires. No-one has ever been convicted for the bombing. We hear from two people whose lives were changed that day.

Photo: A man walks over the rubble left after a bomb exploded at the Argentinian Israeli Mutual Association. Credit: Ali Burafi/AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Killing Of Miguel Angel Blanco20140722 In 1997 a young Spanish politician was kidnapped and murdered by the Basque separatist group ETA. His death led to one of the biggest demonstrations ever seen in Spain. Witness speaks to Gustavo de Aristegui, an interior ministry official who later became a friend of the family.

(Photo: Miguel Angel Blanco's sister, Maria del Mar, in front of a mural of her brother. Credit: Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Killing Of Miguel Angel Blanco20140722  
Witness [World Service]The Last Days Of British Rule In India20140723 In the summer of 1947 India declared independence after hundreds of years of British rule. English-born Anne Wright had moved there when she was a child. She speaks to Witness about life in the last days of British India.

Photo: Anne Wright (left) with her sister, at home in India.
Witness [World Service]The Last Days Of British Rule In India20140723  
Witness [World Service]The Last Days Of British Rule In India2014072320140727 (WS)In summer 1947 India declared independence after hundreds of years of British rule.
Witness [World Service]The Last Days Of British Rule In India20140723  
Witness [World Service]The First Palestinian Intifada20140724 In 1987, the first Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against Israeli military rule began in Gaza. Palestinian-born Maher Nasser had gone to work for the United Nations in Gaza shortly before the intifada began; and he tells Witness what life was like there before and during the unrest.

(Photo: a Palestinian demonstrator throws a rock during violent protests against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in December 1987. Credit: Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The First Palestinian Intifada20140724  
Witness [World Service]Purple Rain20140725 It's 30 years since the release of the film Purple Rain, starring pop music phenomenon Prince. It would go on to win an Oscar for Best Original Song Score. Witness speaks to Robert Rivkin, known as Bobby Z, the drummer in Prince's backing band The Revolution.

Photo: Prince. Credit: Getty Images
Witness [World Service]Purple Rain20140725  
Witness [World Service]The Outbreak Of World War One20140728 In the summer of 1914 the World War One began. Using archive recordings of eyewitnesses from Germany, France, Britain and Belgium, we tell the story of the start of a war which would devastate a generation.

(Photo: Crowds celebrate in Berlin, following the declaration of war, 4 August 1914. Credit: General Photographic Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Outbreak Of World War One20140728  
Witness [World Service]The World's First Jet Airliner20140729 In July 1949, the British-built de Havilland Comet took off for the first time to become the world's first jet-propelled passenger plane. But a flaw in its construction would end up costing lives and leaving crash investigators baffled. Mike Ramsden was an apprentice aeronautical engineer who worked on the jetliner.

(Photo: Mike Ramsden (right) in 1955 with a second generation Comet at the de Havilland airfield at Hatfield, England)
Witness [World Service]The World's First Jet Airliner20140729  
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London20140730 In 1969 two young Australians bought a lion cub in Harrods and raised it in their London flat. John Rendall and Anthony Bourke then released the lion into the wild in Kenya. In 2011 Alan Johnston spoke to John Rendall about the extraordinary moment when they were reunited with Christian, which became a YouTube sensation.
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London20140730  
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London2014073020140803 (WS)In 1969 two young Australians bought a lion cub in Harrods and raised it in London
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London20140730  
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London2014073020140803 (WS)In 1969 two young Australians bought a lion cub in Harrods and raised it in their London flat. John Rendall and Anthony Bourke then released the lion into the wild in Kenya. In 2011 Alan Johnston spoke to John Rendall about the extraordinary moment when they were reunited with Christian, which became a YouTube sensation.
Witness [World Service]Christian: The Lion From London20140730  
Witness [World Service]Martha Stewart In Jail20140731 In July 2004, the American TV celebrity was convicted for lying to federal prosecutors and sent to jail for five months. Famous for her cookery and home-making books, Stewart had many fans in prison and even managed to make friends. One of them, Susan Spry, talks to Witness.

(Photo: Martha Stewart. Credit: Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Martha Stewart In Jail20140731  
 The Warsaw Uprising20140801 On 1 August 1944, resistance fighters in the Polish capital rose up against German occupying forces. The uprising lasted for 63 days and some 200,000 people were killed - the city itself was largely destroyed. Zbigniew Pelczynski was one of the young Poles fighting to free Warsaw from the Nazis.
(Photo: Zbigniew Pelczynski in 1946)
 The Mississippi Burning Case20140804 On 4 August 1964 the bodies of three civil rights workers murdered by racists in the Ku Klux Klan were discovered in Mississippi. Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Michael Schwerner had been working on a project to register African-Americans to vote. Witness speaks to Andrew Goodman's younger brother, David.
Picture: Andrew Goodman (Associated Press)
Witness [World Service]The Mississippi Burning Case20140804 On 4 August 1964 the bodies of three civil rights workers murdered by racists in the Ku Klux Klan were discovered in Mississippi. Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Michael Schwerner had been working on a project to register African-Americans to vote. Witness speaks to Andrew Goodman's younger brother, David.

Picture: Andrew Goodman (Associated Press)
Witness [World Service]The Mississippi Burning Case20140804  
 Japanese Prisoner Breakout20140805 In the early hours of 5 August 1944, hundreds of Japanese prisoners of war being held near the Australian town of Cowra staged the largest breakout of World War Two. Hear oral history accounts of that night from the archives of the Australian War Memorial's Australia–Japan Research Project.
Photo: The No. 12 Australian Prisoner of War Camp near Cowra, Australia. Credit: The Australian War Memorial.
Witness [World Service]Japanese Prisoner Breakout20140805 In the early hours of 5 August 1944, hundreds of Japanese prisoners of war being held near the Australian town of Cowra staged the largest breakout of World War Two. Hear oral history accounts of that night from the archives of the Australian War Memorial's Australia–Japan Research Project.

Photo: The No. 12 Australian Prisoner of War Camp near Cowra, Australia. Credit: The Australian War Memorial.
Witness [World Service]Japanese Prisoner Breakout20140805  
 Lindow Man2014080620140810 (WS)In 1984, the 2000 year old remains of a man were found preserved in a peat bog in England
In August 1984, the 2000 year old remains of a man were discovered preserved in a peat bog in England. It was believed he was a victim of ritual sacrifice. We speak to Rick Turner, the local archaeologist who found "Lindow Man"
 The Resignation Of President Nixon20140807 On 8 August 1974 Richard Nixon became the first US president in history to resign from office, following the Watergate scandal. Witness has been speaking to journalist Tom DeFrank, who watched the drama unfold minute by minute.
Photo: Nixon announces his resignation on national television (Getty Images)
 Internment In Northern Ireland20140808 In August 1971 the British Army began detaining hundreds of people suspected of belonging to paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland. They were held without charge or trial. We hear from Gerry McKerr, who was detained for more than three years under the internment laws.
Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Internment In Northern Ireland20140808 In August 1971 the British Army began detaining hundreds of people suspected of belonging to paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland. They were held without charge or trial. We hear from Gerry McKerr, who was detained for more than three years under the internment laws.

Photo: Belfast, August 1971 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Internment In Northern Ireland20140808  
  20140811 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Marooned In Stalin's Russia20140811 At the start of the Second World War hundreds of thousands of Polish civilians were imprisoned in the Soviet Union following the occupation of their country by the USSR. But in August 1941, after Nazi Germany invaded Russia, many of the Poles were suddenly set free. We hear from one former prisoner who found himself stranded in Soviet Central Asia for the rest of the Second World War.

Photo: Nazi troops order Soviet women to leave their homes, summer 1941 (Keystone/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]Marooned In Stalin's Russia20140811  
  20140812 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Supremes20140812 In August 1964 The Supremes began an unprecedented run of success in the US music charts with five hits, challenging the British dominance of the music scene. Mary Wilson, one of the original group members, speaks to Witness.

Photo: Diana Ross and The Supremes, 1968 - left to right, Mary Wilson, Diana Ross and Cindy Birdsong. (Keystone/Getty Images)
Witness [World Service]The Supremes20140812  
  20140813 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Wizard Of Oz2014081320140817 (WS)In August 1939, one of the most popular musicals of all time had its premiere in Hollywood. Featuring the young Judy Garland, the Wizard of Oz brought to life a well-known American fairytale. It made Garland a star for the rest of her troubled life. Witness brings together BBC archive recordings of members of the film's cast and crew.
Picture: Judy Garland, Credit: Associated Press/Warner Bros.
  20140814 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140815 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140818 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140819 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140820 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Partition2014082020140824 (WS)British India was divided into two new independent countries - India and Pakistan - in August 1947. But millions of people found themselves on the wrong side of the new borders. Witness speaks to the veteran Indian journalist Kuldip Nayar about Partition.

Picture: Kuldip Nayar (right) during a vigil at the border between India and Pakistan on 14 August, 2011. NARINDER NANU/AFP/Getty Images
Witness [World Service]Partition20140820  
  20140821 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Freckleton Air Disaster20140822 In August 1944, a US Air Force plane crashed into a village, Freckleton, in northwest England, killing 61 people. More than half the victims were children attending the local primary school. Survivor Ruby Currell speaks to Witness.

PHOTO: Ruby Currell in the nurse's uniform she was given after recovering in hospital. (Private Collection).
Witness [World Service]Freckleton Air Disaster20140822  
 The Death Of Getulio Vargas20140825 In 1954 the president of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, chose to die rather than submit to the military. His sudden death resulted in a wide expression of public grief. His legacy was a letter to the Brazilian people that has passed into history.
Photo: Getulio Vargas, 1930 (Getty Images)
 Bionic Heart20140826 Today we go back to 1994 when doctors in the UK carried out a revolutionary operation on a 62 year old man. He was fitted with a battery-operated heart as a permanent replacement. Farhana Haider has been speaking to the lead surgeon.
Inside Story : Heart Team BBC
Picture shows surgeon John Walwork operating in the Papworth Hospital in Cambridge. In Great Britain the first successful heart transplants were carried out at the Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, over twenty years ago.
  20140827 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Lsd Road Trip2014082720140831 (WS)In the summer of 1964 writer Ken Kesey and his Merry Band of Pranksters set off on a psychedelic journey - experimenting with LSD while driving across America in a converted school bus. Immortalised in the book The Electric Kool Aid Acid Test, their trip would become one of the defining moments of American counterculture. Witness has been speaking to surviving Prankster Ken Babbs.

Picture: Ken Kesey on April 24, 1997 in Springfield, Oregon, with his bus, 'Further' (AP Photo/Jeff Barnard, File)
Witness [World Service]Lsd Road Trip20140827  
Witness [World Service]Lsd Road Trip2014082720140831 (WS)Writer Ken Kesey and friends drove across America experimenting with LSD in summer 1964
Witness [World Service]Lsd Road Trip20140827  
  20140828 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140829 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 World War One In Africa20140829 At the start of World War One, British and German colonial forces went into battle in East Africa. Tens of thousands of African troops and up to a million porters were conscripted to fight and keep the armies supplied. We hear very rare recordings of Kenyan veterans of the King's African Rifles, talking about their experiences of the war. The interviews were made in Kenya in the early 1980s by Gerald Rilling with the help of Paul Kiamba.
Photo: King's African Rifles on the march
 Biba20140901 In September 1964, a ground-breaking new boutique called Biba opened in Swinging London. Witness speaks to Biba creator Barbara Hulanicki.
Picture: 30th September 1966 - two sets of identical twins who work as shop assistants at Biba's boutique in Kensington, west London (left to right Rosy Young, Nicole Hellier, Michelle Hellier and Susy Young.) Photo by Caroline Gillies/BIPs/Getty Images.
  20140902 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014090320140907 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140904 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140905 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Madame Mao20140908 The Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong died on 9 September 1976. Among those jockeying for power after his death, was his widow Jiang Qing. American, Sidney Rittenberg, remembers her rise and fall.

(Photo: Jiang Qing (right) alongside Mao Zedong in 1967. Credit AFP/Getty Images)
  20140909 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  2014091020140914 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20140911 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140912 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140915 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Lord Of The Flies20140916 It is 60 years since William Golding's acclaimed novel was first published. The story, of schoolboys marooned on an island, tackles questions of human nature and whether people are intrinsically good, or evil.

(Photo: William Golding. Credit: BBC)
 Los Topos - Mexico's Earthquake Rescuers2014091720140921 (WS)How an earthquake in Mexico City in 1985 led to the creation of an elite rescue group.
In 1985, an earthquake devastated the centre of Mexico City, killing at least 10,000. With the emergency services struggling to cope, a small group of Mexicans began to dig out survivors themselves. Nicknamed Los Topos, or "The Moles", they are now an elite rescue group who travel the world digging people out of rubble. Witness talks to Eduardo Acevedo, one of the first members of Los Topos.
PHOTO: Eduardo Acevedo, left, on a mission with Los Topos (Associated Press).
  20140918 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140919 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20140922 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20140923 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]Friends20140924 In September 1994 a new show called Friends hit American TV screens. It was based on the lives of six 20-something New Yorkers and became one of the most successful comedies of all time, syndicated around the world. Witness has been speaking to one of the shows creators, Kevin Bright.
Witness [World Service]Friends2014092420140928 (WS)The American TV show Friends hits TV screens
Witness [World Service]The Cuban Five20140925 In September 1998 five Cuban spies were arrested in Miami by the FBI. After a controversial trial, they were given lengthy jail sentences. Three of them are still in American prisons. Witness speaks to one of the Cubans, Rene Gonzalez, who was released in 2011.

(Photo: Portraits of the Cuban Five. Credit: Nelson Almeida/AFP/Getty Images)
 The Sinking Of The 'joola' Ferry20140926 In 2002 the 'Joola' ferry sank off Senegal with the loss of more than 1800 lives. It was Africa's worst maritime disaster. We hear from Jean Diedhiou, one of the few survivors, and his desperate struggle to survive.
Photo of the upturned ferry before it completely sank, AFP/Gettyimages
 The Taliban Take Kabul20140929 In September 1996 the Taliban took over the Afghan capital Kabul. One of their first acts was to kill the country's former communist president Dr Najibullah. Witness has spoken to two people who were in Kabul that day.
Photo: A Taliban gunner on the frontline, 30 kms from Kabul. (EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP/Getty Images)
  20140930 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141001 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The World's First Civil Union2014100120141005 (WS)It is 25 years since Denmark became the first country to celebrate same-sex civil unions. Witness has been speaking to Ivan Larsen and Ove Carlsen who were one of the first couples to sign on the dotted line.
  20141002 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141003 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 Sabotage Of Nazi Nuclear Programme20141006 In October 1942 Norwegian commandos began a series of raids on a heavy water plant in German-occupied Norway. They had to destroy it in order to stop the Nazis from developing an atomic weapon. Joachim Ronneberg is the last surviving member of the Norwegian team.
Photo: The hydro-electric power station where the heavy water plant was situated. Credit: Hulton Archives/Getty Images.
  20141007 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141008 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 The Death Of Che Guevara2014100820141012 (WS)In October 1967 the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was captured and killed in Bolivia. Witness speaks to Felix Rodriguez, the CIA operative who helped track him down, and was one of the last people to speak to him.
(Photo: Felix Rodriguez (left) with the captured Che Guevara, shortly before his execution on 9 Oct 1967. Courtesy of Felix Rodriguez)
  20141009 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141010 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Band That Made The Beatles20141013 In October 1957 John Lennon and Paul McCartney performed together for the first time in The Quarrymen, which went on to become The Beatles. Rod Davis played banjo in The Quarrymen, and tells us about the origins of the most famous group in the world.

Photo Credit: The Quarrymen on the back of a lorry as part of a procession round Woolton Village in Liverpool, July 6th 1957. Rod Davis is far right, John Lennon is third from right. Photo copyright: Rod Davis
  20141014 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20141015 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 2014101520141019 (WS)The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service] 20141016 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141017 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
 New York Jewel Heist20141028 In October 1964 thieves carried out an audacious jewel robbery. They stole some of the world's most famous gems from the American Museum of Natural History. Witness hears from Jack Murphy, one of the gang members.
 The Assassination Of Indira Gandhi20141029 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was shot by her Sikh bodyguards on 31 October, 1984. We speak to RK Dhawan, one of her closest aides, who was with her in the garden that morning and was a witness to her assassination.
This programme was first broadcast in 2013.
Photo: Indian school children light candles to pay tribute to the late former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Credit: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images
 The 1973 Oil Crisis20141030 In October 1973 Arab nations slashed oil production in protest at American support for Israel during it's war against Egypt and Syria. Oil prices sky-rocketed. We hear from former deputy secretary general of OPEC, Dr Fadhil Chalabi, about the struggle for control of oil in the early 1970s.
(Photo: An American car displays a 'No Gas' sign during the 1973-74 oil crisis)
 British Forces In Afghanistan20141031 As the UK ends combat operations in Afghanistan, hear from a translator who worked alongside British troops in the country, and who was eventually forced into exile because of hostility towards the coalition forces.
Photo: British troops on patrol in Helmand Province. Credit: Press Association
  20141103 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141104 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141105 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
  20141106 The story of our times told by the people who were there.
Witness [World Service]The Fall Of The Berlin Wall20141107 It had been one of the enduring icons of the Cold War. It had divided East Berlin from West Berlin; and socialism from capitalism. But on 9 November, 1989, after weeks of anti-Communist protests across East Germany, that all changed. Hear from two East Germans - Aram Radomski and Siegbert Schefke - who were among the first to cross from East to West Berlin.

Photo: copyright Siegbert Schefke
Witness [World Service]The Murder Of El Salvador's Jesuits20141117 In November 1989 government soldiers shot dead six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her teenage daughter. The shocking killings became a turning point in the Salvadorean civil war. We hear from Lucia Cerna, who was forced to flee the country because of what she witnessed that night.

(Photo: Mourners gather for the funeral of the Salvadorean Jesuits. Credit: AP/Luis Romero)
Witness [World Service]President Mitterrand's Secret Second Family20141118 In November 1994, a French magazine revealed that President Mitterrand had a secret daughter, with his mistress of more than 30 years. Witness speaks to Sebastien Valiela, the paparazzo who broke the story.

(Photo: Mazarine Pingeot with her father Francois Mitterrand, as published in Paris Match November 1994. Credit: Sebastien Valiela)
 Saddam Hussein Trial20141119 In November 2006 Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death in a Baghdad courtroom. The trial of the deposed President by the Iraqi Interim Government followed the American led invasion of Iraq. Witness has been speaking to Ramsey Clark, one of Saddam Hussein's defence team.
(Photo: Ramsey Clark (L) and Saddam Hussein (R) courtesy of Ramsey Clark)

Audience

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Duration

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Genre

  • Genre: News
  • Genre: History, Factual, News
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  • Genre: News
  • Genre: History, Factual, News

Genre

  • Genre: News

Length

  • 10 minutes

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