Witness

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Episodes

TitleFirst
Broadcast
RepeatedComments
2009102620100105
2009102620100104
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2009102620091231
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GETRIDOFTHIS.

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2011121620111217
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20121020 (WS)
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20121021 (WS)
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20121021 (WS)
2012102320121024 (WS)
2012102420121025 (WS)
2012110120121102 (WS)
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2012110620121111 (WS)
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20121111 (WS)
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20121111 (WS)
2012110920121110 (WS)
2012111320121114 (WS)
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01/02/201220120131
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01/11/201020101102
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02/04/201120110331
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02/11/201120111103
03/02/201220120202
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03/04/201120110331
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03/04/201120110404

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11/01/201220120112
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13/03/20122012031420120318
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13/04/201220120414
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13/07/201120110717
13/09/201120110914
13/10/201120111014
14/03/20122012031520120316 (WS)
20120317 (WS)
14/04/201120110415

14/04/201120110418

14/05/20122012051420120515
14/06/201120110615
14/07/201120110715
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15/02/201220120216
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28/07/201120110801

It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24-hour music TV channel.

It was to revolutionise the way that music was consumed and promoted - and the way that people watched television.

Witness hears from one of the founders of MTV.

28/10/201120111029
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29/03/201220120330
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29/04/201120110501
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29/07/201120110730
29/07/201120110731
29/09/201120110930
29/09/201120111003
29/11/201120111130
30/01/201220120131
30/01/201220120205
30/03/201220120331
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30/06/201120110704
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75 Years Of Bbc Tv20111106

On 2 November 1936 the first regular TV service in the world was launched by the BBC.

Initially it only had a few hundred viewers and was only broadcast for two hours a day.

Viewers watched variety acts beamed live from the studios.

75 Years Of Bbc Tv20111107

On 2 November 1936 the first regular TV service in the world was launched by the BBC.

A Polish Odyssey2012091720120924 (WS)

One girl's story of exile and soldiering during World War II.

Danuta Maczka was just 14 when her family was sent to Siberia in 1940.

By the time she was 16 she had been recruited into a Polish army in the Middle East and was fighting the Nazis.

One girl's story of exile and soldiering during World War Two.

Abebe Bikila The Barefoot Runner2012080920120810 (WS)
20120812 (WS)

At the 1960 Olympics in Rome an Ethiopian athlete stunned the world.

He was the first black African to win an Olympic gold medal and he did it without wearing shoes.

Photo: AFP

Afghan Coup Part One20091228

It's exactly thirty years since Soviet forces overthrew the Afghan government.

Thirty years ago Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the govermnent in Kabul.

In the first of two programmes marking those events Lucy Williamson hears from a young eyewitness to events.

Afghan Coup Part Two20091229

It's exactly thirty years since Soviet soldiers invaded Afghanistan - part two.

In the second of two programmes marking thirty years since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Lucy Williamson brings together two people who lived through those events.

One from each side of the conflict.

African Embassy Bombings20100809

The simultaneous bomb attacks on two United States embassies in Africa in 1998.

A Kenyan man blinded during a bomb attack on the US embassy in Nairobi tells Witness how he's come to terms with his injuries.

Other survivors describe that day.

African Troops During Wwii2012060420120605

During World War II, African soldiers were a vital part of the Allied forces.

Many of them were sent to Burma as reinforcements for the British troops there.

Hear just some of their memories - recorded by the BBC in the 1990s.

African Troops During Wwii2012060420120610
20120610 (WS)

During World War II, African soldiers were a vital part of the Allied forces.

Many of them were sent to Burma as reinforcements for the British troops there.

Hear just some of their memories - recorded by the BBC in the 1990s.

Alaska Statehood20110103

On January 3 1959 Alaska finally became a fully fledged member state of the USA.

We hear from Dennis Egan, whose father was to become the first governor of the newly formed state.

He remembers the hope, pride and emotion of that historic day.

Algeria Emergency20110221

How Algeria's experiement with democracy ended in civil war and a state of emergency.

Rioting in Algeria in October 1988 killed around 500 people and started a period of political turmoil.

A short-lived experiment in democracy ended in a violent civil war between Islamists and the Algerian army.

A state of emergency remains in force until today.

Witness speaks to a foreign journalist and an Algerian student who both experienced a turning point in the country's history.

Amnesty At 5020110529

It is half a century since the launch of the human rights group Amnesty International.

Over the years it has highlighted thousands of cases where people have been imprisoned without trial.

Maria was a teenager in jail in Uruguay when she was helped by one of its early letter-writing campaigns.

(Photo: Maria today).

Amnesty At 5020110530

It is half a century since the launch of the human rights group Amnesty International.

An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110909

How the collapse of the Soviet Union played out in the life of a teenager in Azerbaijan.

The story of how a teenage girl in Azerbaijan became disenchanted with Moscow's propaganda, and sided with nationalists who campaigned for the break-up of the Soviet Union.

Konul Khalilova today.

An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110911

How the collapse of the Soviet Union played out in the life of a teenager in Azerbaijan.

An Azerbaijani View Of The Demise Of The Soviet Union.20110912
Anc Bomb20111219

Fifty years ago the armed wing of South Africa's ANC party took its first violent action.

Ronnie Kasrils tells us about planting a bomb at municipal offices in Durban.

(Image: Ronnie Kasrils in 1961.

Credit: Ronnie Kasrils).

Angola Mercenaries2012071020120715

In July 1976 four foreign mercenaries were executed for their part in Angola's civil war.

Three of the men were from Britain, a fourth was from America.

American attorney Bob Cesner, was one of the defence lawyers.

(Image: Bob Cesner at the 1976 trial).

Anne Frank's Diary2012062520120701

In June 1947 the diary of Anne Frank was published for the very first time.

Anne Frank's Diary2012062520120626

In June 1947 the diary of Anne Frank was published for the very first time.

Witness has been speaking to her first cousin and closest surviving relative, 87-year-old Buddy Elias.

(Photo: Anne Frank/Press Association).

Arnold Schwarzenegger And Mr Universe2012090320120904 (WS)
20120908 (WS)
20120909 (WS)

Arnold Schwarzenegger first made his name in the 1960s as Mr Universe.

He was a shy young man with little English, but he took the world of bodybuilding by storm.

Witness meets two men who knew him in those days; a fellow competitor and a Mr Universe judge.

Picture of Arnold Schwarzenegger courtesy of Getty Images.

Arnold Schwarzenegger and bodybuilding in the 1960s.

Assad And Syria20101229

It is 40 years since Hafez al Assad seized power in Syria.

Hafez al Assad was the Syrian Defence Minister in the winter of 1970 when his struggle for power came to a head.

His former friend, the hardline Baathist, Salah Jadid, was jailed for life.

Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111006

In October 1981 the President of Egypt was shot at a military parade.

On October 6, 1981 the President of Egypt was shot dead.

He was killed by Egyptian officers taking part in a military parade.

He was replaced by his Vice-President, Hosni Mubarak.

Photo: AFP/Getty Images.

Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111007

In October 1981 the President of Egypt was shot at a military parade.

Assassination Of Anwar Sadat20111010
Assassination Of Leon Trotsky2012082120120822 (WS)
20120826 (WS)

The exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City in August 1940, stabbed in the head with an ice-pick.

Trotsky's grandson, Esteban Volkov, then aged 14, lived with his grandfather, and describes arriving home from school that fateful day.

He also recalls a previous assassination attempt three months earlier.

Photo: Esteban Volkov with his grandparents, Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova (courtesy of Trotsky Museum, Mexico City)

The assassination of Russian revolutionary Leon Trotksy in Mexico City in 1940.

Assassination Of Malcolm X20110228

In February 1965, the controversial black leader, Malcolm X, was assassinated in Harlem, New York.

Witness speaks to a supporter of Malcolm X who saw the killing.

How black leader Malcolm X was assassinated in New York in February 1965.

Assassination Of Rafik Hariri20110214

On February 14 2005, Lebanese politician Rafik Hariri was assassinated

The former Lebanese Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, was driving through central Beirut when a remote-controlled bomb was detonated under his armour-plated car.

22 other people were killed in the attack.

Assassination Of Trujillo20110530

It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.

Witness hears from 3 people who remember that day.

Photo: Antonio Imbert, one of men who shot Trujillo.

Assassination Of Trujillo20110531

It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.

Assassination Of Trujillo20110604

It is 50 years since the assassination of Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic dictator.

Witness hears from three people who remember that day.

Photo: Antonio Imbert, one of men who shot Trujillo.

Assassination Of Trujillo20110605
Attack At Lod Airport20110531

It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv

It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv - more than 20 people were killed.

This programme contains some graphic descriptions of violence - listeners may find it distressing.

Photo: Ros Sloboda, a survivor of that day, tells her story.

Attack At Lod Airport20110601

It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv.

Attack At Lod Airport20110604

It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv - more than 20 people were killed.

This programme contains some graphic descriptions of violence - listeners may find it distressing.

Photo: Ros Sloboda, a survivor of that day, tells her story.

It is almost 40 years since an attack at the airport outside Tel Aviv.

Attack At Lod Airport20110605
Attack On Fela Kuti2012050820120513

The day the Nigerian military stormed the musician's compound in Lagos.

Attack On Fela Kuti2012050820120509
20120509 (WS)
20120513 (WS)

The day the Nigerian military stormed the musician's compound in Lagos.

They burned down the buildings and threw his mother out of a window - she never recovered.

Hear from one of his former wives about the events of that day.

Attack On Springboks In New Zealand2012090620120907 (WS)
20120909 (WS)

In 1981 anti-apartheid protestors used a plane to attack South African rugby players.

They wanted to stop them from playing against New Zealand's All Blacks.

Hear from a player, and a protestor who were there.

Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120418

How a group of Jews escaped from a train bound for the Auschwitz death camp in 1943.

In 1943, a group of Belgian Jews escaped from a train bound for the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz.

In the only incident of its kind, they were helped by members of the Belgian resistance.

Witness speaks to Simon Gronowski, who, at the age of 11, jumped from the train to safety.

PHOTO: Simon Gronowski with his parents (private collection)

Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120419

How a group of Jews escaped from a train bound for the Auschwitz death camp in 1943.

Auschwitz Convoy Escape20120422
Australian Evacuee20110625

During WW2 British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.

Most went to the countryside but some went as far away as Australia.

Helen Cuthbert (right) and her sister were sent to live with their aunt there.

Australian Evacuee20110626

During WWII British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs

During World War II, many British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.

Most went to the countryside but some went as far away as Australia.

Helen Cuthbert (right) and her sister were sent to live with their aunt there.

During WW2 British children were sent away from the cities to escape German bombs.

Baby Fae And The Baboon Heart Transplant2012111220121113 (WS)
20121119 (WS)

In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a two-week-old baby girl. She had been born with a fatal heart condition - but there was no infant human donor available. Hear from the lead surgeon, and an intensive care nurse involved in the fight to save Baby Fae's life.

Photo: Baby Fae listening to her mother's voice in the isolation unit. Courtesy of Loma Linda Hospital

In 1984 doctors in California tried a revolutionary operation on a 2 week old baby girl.

She had been born with a fatal heart condition - but there was no infant human donor available.

Hear from the lead surgeon, and an intensive care nurse involved in the fight to save Baby Fae's life.

Bangladesh Independence20110403

It is 40 years since the beginning of the battle for independence in Bangladesh.

When Meghna Guhathakurta was 14 years old her father was killed during a crackdown by the Pakistani military.

During what they called 'Operation Searchlight' they targeted intellectuals sympathetic to the cause of Bengali nationalism.

Meghna and her parents.

Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110418

In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.

In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Fidel Castro.

50 years ago boatloads of counter-revolutionaries stormed the beaches of a bay in Cuba.

They soon ran out of ammunition, and without backup their mission failed.

We hear from one of those exiles.

Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110419

In April 1961 Cuban exiles, backed by the US government, tried to overthrow Castro.

Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110423
Bay Of Pigs Invasion20110424
Beirut Bombing20100419

The US Embassy in Beirut was attacked by a suicide bomber in April 1983.

In April 1983 a suicide bomb attack against the US Embassy in Beirut changed relations between America and the Islamic world forever.

Ryan Crocker tells Witness about the bombing - and its aftermath.

Bering Strait Swimmer2012080720120808 (WS)
20120812 (WS)

In 1987, a 30-year-old American swimmer called Lynne Cox swam across the "Ice Curtain" between the USA and the Soviet Union.

The Diomede Islands in the Bering Strait were only 2.7 miles apart, but divided by near-freezing water and Cold War rivalry.

Lynne Cox talks to Witness.

Her experiences are also recalled in her autobiography, Swimming to Antarctica.

PHOTO: Lynne Cox on the Bering Strait. (Copyright Rich Roberts)

How an American swimmer crossed the "Ice Curtain" between the USA and the Soviet Union.

Big Brother - The Beginning Of Reality Tv2012122820121229 (WS)

In December 1999 a young Dutch man won the first ever Big Brother reality TV show.

It was to be the start of a global television phenomenon.

But for 22-year-old Bart Spring in't Veld, his victory proved to be a mixed blessing.

Photo: Big Brother winner Bart Spring in't Veld (Endemol)

Birth Control In The Usa20111013

On 16 October 1916, the first birth control clinic in the USA was opened.

The woman behind it, Margaret Sanger, was arrested for breaking obscenity laws.

Photo: Margaret Sanger (left) outside court, awaiting trial.

Birth Control In The Usa20111014

On 16 October 1916, the first birth control clinic in the USA was opened.

Birth Control In The Usa20111017
Birth Of The Euro20120102

How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.

At midnight on January the 1st 2002, the euro was launched simultaneously in 12 European countries.

Millions of people lined up at cash machines to take out their first notes in the new currency.

Louise Hidalgo talks to the European Central Bank official in charge of the biggest currency launch in history.

(PHOTO: AFP/Getty Images).

Birth Of The Euro20120103

How millions of Europeans celebrated the launch of the euro in 2002.

Birth Of The Euro20120107
Birth Of The Euro20120108
Black Wednesday2011091620110917

On 16 September 1992, Britain lost billions in foreign currency reserves in a single day.

Norman Lamont was Chancellor of the Exchequer when the country had to crash out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

Image: VT Freeze Frame.

Black Wednesday20110918
Blasphemy In Pakistan2012092020120921 (WS)
20120923 (WS)

In 1998 a Roman Catholic Bishop killed himself in protest at Pakistan's blasphemy laws.

His name was Bishop John Joseph - and he believed that the laws were being used to persecute Christians.

Hear from a Catholic priest who knew him well, but who still believes he should not have taken his own life.

Photo: AFP/Getty Images.

Bobby Fischer2012082820120829 (WS)
20120902 (WS)

In 1972, the world was transfixed by a Chess match.

At the height of the Cold War, volatile American Bobby Fischer took on Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union for the World Championship.

Played in Iceland, the showdown was known as the "Match of the Century".

Alex Last speaks to an Icelandic policeman who became a close companion of Bobby Fischer.

PHOTO: AP

In 1972, chess makes headlines as volatile American Bobby Fischer becomes world champion.

Bokassa's Downfall20100920

In 1979 the Emperor of the Central African Republic, Jean Bedel Bokassa, was overthrown.

It was on September 20th 1979 that French forces drove the Central African dictator, Jean Bedel Bokassa from power.

Witness remembers his rule, and his downfall.

(Photo: Bokassa at his coronation.

Getty Images).

Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110711

How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.

In 1989, the people of Liverpool began boycotting Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper over its reporting of the Hillsborough football disaster.

The Sun later apologised, but sales in the city have never recovered.

Witness speaks to a Liverpudlian involved in the boycott, and to a local radio journalist who remembers the city's anger.

PHOTO: Press Association.

Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110712

How the people of Liverpool boycotted Rupert Murdoch's Sun newspaper.

Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110716
Boycott Of "the Sun" Newspaper20110717
Bradford Riots20110711

It is 10 years since riots engulfed the city of Bradford in the North of England.

There were running battles between police and young British Pakistanis.

Mohammed Amran was on the streets throughout.

Photo: Press Association.

Britain's First Nudist Beach20110808

In August 1979 the seaside town of Brighton decided to open a nudist beach

It was the first place in Britain to agree to allow naked bathing.

At first it was a very divisive idea, which shocked some of the locals.

Britain's First Nudist Beach20110809

In August 1979 the seaside town of Brighton decided to open a nudist beach.

Britain's First Nudist Beach20110814
Burma Elections20101105

It's twenty years since Burma last held a general election.

We hear from someone who was there about the atmosphere, the excitement and the risks of living through that time.

What was it like to vote in Burma's last general election in 1990?

Camaron - Flamenco Legend20110704

Flamenco singing was dwindling in popularity in Spain until the appearance of Camaron de la Isla.

Thousands lined the streets at his funeral in Andalucia in 1992.

Witness speaks to a guitarist called Marcos - one of Camaron's biggest fans and the author of a recent biography.

Photo: Getty Images

How a gypsy singer called Camaron de la Isla revolutionised the world of flamenco.

Cameroon's Lake Nyos Disaster20110904

How villagers in a remote region of Cameroon awoke one morning to find hundreds of their friends and neighbours had mysteriously died in the night.

We hear from the scientists who were sent in to find out what had happened.

How villagers awoke to find hundreds of friends and neighbours mysteriously dead.

Canada Kidnap20111023

In October 1970 James Cross, a British diplomat, was taken hostage.

The kidnappers were from the FLQ - the Front de Liberation du Quebec.

Soon after, a provincial minister from Quebec was also kidnapped - he was found days later, dead in the boot of a car.

Photo: James Cross and his wife Barbara, on his release.

Getty Images.

In October 1970 James Cross, a British diplomat, was kidnapped by Quebec separatists.

Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty: 15 Years In A Foreign Embassy2012090520120906 (WS)
20120908 (WS)
20120910 (WS)

In 1956 a Hungarian Cardinal sought refuge in the US Embassy in Budapest.

Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty had been imprisoned by the communists in 1948.

Released during the uprising against Soviet rule he faced re-arrest when Moscow ordered tanks into Budapest.

(Image: Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Cathy Come Home20111116

It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.

The hardhitting film, directed by Ken Loach, told the story of a young woman who fell on hard times and lost her home, her husband and then her children.

Cathy Come Home20111117

It is 45 years since a BBC TV drama changed British ideas about homelessness.

Cathy Come Home20111120
Cathy Come Home2011112120111122
Cesar Chavez - Yes We Can!2012111620121117 (WS)

How the Mexican-American trade union leader Cesar Chavez inspired Latinos in the 1960s.

In the 1960s, a wave of strikes and protest marches by Mexican-American farm-workers inspired Latinos across the US.

The movement was led by Cesar Chavez - a man now regarded by his community as a civil rights hero.

Witness speaks to Dolores Huerta, who worked closely with Chavez and coined the slogan "Yes We Can!"

Chanel No. 520110529

In 1921 the most famous perfume ever, was launched in France.

It was created for Coco Chanel - the fashion designer and good-time girl - who wanted something modern and fresh to suit the times.

(Photo: A young Coco Chanel, credit Getty images).

Che Guevara20101008

On the 9th of October 1967 Che Guevara was killed by armed forces in the Bolivian jungle.

After Che Guevara was executed in the Bolivian jungle, his body was put on display as proof of his death.

Journalist Richard Gott, who saw it, says that's when his legend really began to take off.

Chiapas Uprising20101231

On January 1 1994 indigenous people in southern Mexico began their rebellion.

People in the Chiapas region, led by the charismatic, ski-mask wearing, sub-commandante Marcos, rose up against the Mexican state.

They called themselves, Zapatistas.

Child Evacuees From The Spanish Civil War20110827

How thousands of Basque children were evacuated to Britain during the Spanish Civil War.

At the height of the Spanish Civil War, thousands of Basque children were evacuated to safety in Britain.

In 1937, Herminio Martinez was sent away by his parents at the age of seven.

It was 23 years before he saw them again.

Herminio Martinez talks to Witness about his memories of the evacuation and the reunion with his family.

PHOTO: Hutton Archive/Getty Images.

Child Evacuees From The Spanish Civil War20110828

How thousands of Basque children were evacuated to Britain during the Spanish Civil War.

Chile Coup20100910

The playwright, Ariel Dorfman, recalls the coup in Chile in September 1973.

The playwright, Ariel Dorfman, is renowned internationally for works such as Death and the Maiden, which examines how societies can become complicit with torture.

Much of his work is inspired by the coup in Chile on 11 September 1973.

Ariel Dorfman was then an advisor to President Salvador Allende, who died that day, as did many of his colleagues.

By a twist of fate, the young playwright survived.

Ever since, he has been reflecting on the coup and the military repression that followed.

story of our times told by the people who were there.

Christmas Truce20101224

World War One, Christmas Eve, 1914 and soldiers from both sides are laying down their arms

For several days over Christmas in 1914 the fighting stopped on the battlefields of the First World War.

British and German soldiers left their trenches to sing carols, exchange gifts and even play football.

Using archive recordings from the BBC and testimony from the Imperial War Museum, Witness takes you back to that Christmas Truce.

Coca Cola Change20111016

In 1985 the soft drink company changed its age old formula.

Concert For Bangladesh20111226

In 1971 the first big rock benefit gig was organised by former Beatle, George Harrison.

He did it to raise money for refugees from the Bangladesh War of Independence.

Hear from a friend, and a musician who were there.

Photo: Keystone Features/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

Crossing The Rubicon20120109

Over 2000 years ago Julius Caesar made a decision which changed European history.

That decision to cross a river and lead his army towards Rome was a point of no return for the ambitious governor of Gaul.

Crossing The Rubicon2012011020120111

Over 2000 years ago Julius Caesar made a decision which changed European history.

Crossing The Rubicon20120115
Cuban Missile Crisis - The Missiles2012102220121023 (WS)
20121029 (WS)

It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war.

Witness hears from a Cuban who found himself caught up in events as the Soviet missiles were moved into place.

(Photo: US-taken aerial view of a Soviet Medium Range Ballistic Missile site on Cuba. Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Hear from a Cuban who found himself caught up in events as the Soviet missiles were moved into place.

Cuban Missile Crisis - The Photos2012101520121022 (WS)

It is 50 years since the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

It brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

Dino Brugioni was a CIA expert whose job was to interpret the photographs of missiles in Cuba.

Photo: President Kennedy in the White House during the crisis. Associated Press

Cuban Missile Crisis - The Showdown2012102620121027 (WS)

Fifty years ago, the USA and the Soviet Union were poised to go to war over nuclear weapons in Cuba.

The Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev finally offered to withdraw the missiles as the crisis came to a head.

His son Sergei remembers those fraught few days.

Photo: Courtesy of Sergei Khrushchev.

Fifty years ago, the US and Soviet Union were poised to go to war over missiles in Cuba.

Cultural Revolution20100517

In May 1966 China felt the first stirrings of the Cultural Revolution.

Over forty years ago, the Cultural Revolution swept over Communist China.

Lucy Williamson talks to a former schoolgirl who joined the Red Guard.

Death Of King George Vi20120206

How Britain mourned the death of King George VI in 1952.

On February 6th 1952, King George VI died after a long illness.

Britain came to a standstill to mourn the monarch who had led the nation through World War II.

Witness brings together BBC recordings from the time.

PHOTO: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

Death Of King George Vi20120207

How Britain mourned the death of King George VI in 1952.

Death Of King George Vi20120212
Death Of The Dodo20101029

Why did the Dodo become extinct?

First discovered on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in the late 16th Century - the Dodo was extinct within a few decades.

But what led to its demise? Using contemporary accounts from sailors and naturalists, Witness investigates.

Dennis Tito - The First Space Tourist20110502

Ten years ago an American businessman called Dennis Tito became the first space tourist.

He was 60 years old when he paid millions of dollars to be blasted into space alongside two Russian astronauts.

He has been talking to Witness.

Dingo Baby Trial2012091320120914 (WS)
20120916 (WS)

It is 30 years since an Australian woman was accused of murdering her daughter.

It is 30 years since an Australian woman, Lindy Chamberlain, was accused of murdering her 9 week old baby.

Lindy claimed her daughter was stolen by a wild dog.

Photo: Getty Images

Dissidents Declared Insane20120417

In the USSR, the authorities routinely declared political dissidents as suffering from schizophrenia and confined them in mental institutions.

Witness speaks to Victor Davidov, a dissident who survived the experience, and to the international campaigner who helped win his release.

PHOTO: Victor Davidov in the 1970s (private collection)

How dissidents in the USSR were routinely declared insane and kept in mental institutions.

Dissidents Declared Insane20120422

How dissidents in the USSR were routinely declared insane and kept in mental institutions.

In the USSR, the authorities routinely declared political dissidents as suffering from schizophrenia and confined them in mental institutions.

Witness speaks to Victor Davidov, a dissident who survived the experience, and to the international campaigner who helped win his release.

PHOTO: Victor Davidov in the 1970s (private collection).

Drop City20110904

The hippy commune in Colorado in the Summer of Love, 1967.

The Summer of Love, 1967, and the commune in Colorado known as Drop City, where rumours of free love, drugs and a lot of music attracted not only hippies from all over the United States, but plenty of tourist buses too.

photo: Getty Images.

Dunblane School Shooting20110310

The lasting emotional impact of a gun attack at a small Scottish school in 1996

In 1996, a heavily-armed gunman killed sixteen children at a primary school in the small Scottish town of Dunblane.

The attack caused shock not just in Britain, but around the world.

Witness speaks to the father of one of the victims.

The loss of his daughter made him a campaigner for gun control.

Dusty Plays South Africa2012122420121225 (WS)

In 1964 the British popstar Dusty Springfield went on tour in apartheid South Africa.

In 1964 the British popstar Dusty Springfield went on tour in apartheid South Africa. She said she would only play to racially mixed audiences but the authorities didn't approve. She was forced to leave the country before she had finished her tour.

Photo: Dusty in 1964 - BBC.

Duvalier Flees Haiti20110207

25 years ago today, the President of Haiti, Jean-Claude Duvalier fled the country.

After weeks of popular unrest, the dictator known as Baby Doc Duvalier, finally left Haiti on February 7, 1986.

But Haitians did not find the peace and prosperity they had hoped for after the fall of the Duvalier dynasty.

East Timor Referendum2012083020120831 (WS)
20120902 (WS)

In 1999, the people of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia.

In response, militias loyal to Jakarta went on the rampage killing up to 1,000 people and overwhelming the United Nations mission.

As the UN compound in Dili came under siege, British journalist Richard Lloyd Parry had to decide whether or not to stay in East Timor.

PHOTO: Pro-Indonesia militiamen in Dili (Associated Press)

How East Timor's vote for independence in 1999 sparked violence by pro-Indonesia militias.

Eichmann On Trial20120409

In 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi in charge of concentration camps, was tried in Israel.

In April 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi official in charge of concentration camps, was put on trial in Israel.

The trial helped reveal the full details of the holocaust.

Witness speaks to one of the prosecutors, Gabriel Bach.

The programme was first broadcast in 2010.

PHOTO: Eichmann in the dock. (AFP/Getty Images).

Eichmann On Trial20120410

In 1961, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi in charge of concentration camps, was tried in Israel.

Eichmann On Trial20120415
Elvis - The Comeback Special2012081620120817 (WS)
20120819 (WS)

On the 35th anniversary of the death of Elvis Presley, Witness goes back to a television special that revived his career at the end of the 1960s.

At the time, Elvis was struggling to compete against new bands such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones.

Witness speaks to Steve Binder, the director of what became known as the Comeback Special.

PHOTO: Elvis in the late 1960s. (Getty Images)

How a 1968 television special revived the career of the King of Rock and Roll.

Enid Blyton And The Bbc2011122820111229
20120102 (WS)

The difficult relationship between the BBC and the children's writer, Enid Blyton.

The children's writer Enid Blyton, was one of the most popular authors of the 20th Century.

Books such as her Famous Five series were read by millions across the world.

But Blyton was reviled by some senior managers at the BBC, who effectively banned her work between the 1930s and 1950s.

Simon Watts uses audio and written archive to chart the difficult relationship between the author and the national broadcaster.

Enid Blyton And The Bbc20120102

The children's writer Enid Blyton, was one of the most popular authors of the 20th Century.

Books such as her Famous Five series were read by millions across the world.

But Blyton was reviled by some senior managers at the BBC, who effectively banned her work between the 1930s and 1950s.

Simon Watts uses audio and written archive to chart the difficult relationship between the author and the national broadcaster.

PHOTO: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The difficult relationship between the BBC and the children's writer, Enid Blyton

Expulsion Of The Chagos Islanders20110814

A Chagos Islander talks of Britain's expulsion of his people from their homeland.

How one man endured exile after the British expelled his people from the Indian Ocean island of Diego Garcia to make way for an American military base.

Image: Science Photo Library.

Fall Of Berlin20110502

The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.

In 1945, the Red Army occupied part of Berlin as the Second World War came to an end.

Witness speaks to one German woman about life in the city under the Soviet troops.

Fall Of Berlin20110503

The experiences of one German woman after Berlin fell to the Red Army in 1945.

Fall Of Berlin20110507
Fall Of Berlin20110508
Farzad Bazoft20120316

On 15 March 1990, a young British journalist was executed in Iraq - he had been accused of spying.

His name was Farzad Bazoft and he had been working for the Observer newspaper.

We hear from two of the last people to see him alive.

Photo: VT Freeze Frame

On 15 March 1990, a young British journalist was executed in Iraq.

Fermat's Last Theorem20110627

Solving the problem had intrigued mathematicians for centuries.

In June 1993 a British academic, Andrew Wiles, thought he'd cracked it.

But then someone pointed out a flaw in his calculations.

It took him another year to correct it.

Solving the problem which had intrigued mathematicians for centuries.

First Successful Sex Change2012113020121201 (WS)

The story of Christine Jorgensen who had surgery to change her sex from a man to a woman.

It is 60 years since newspapers in the US announced the successful operation of Christine Jorgensen. Once a soldier called George, she transformed herself into a woman and a glamorous Hollywood star.

Frank Zappa20110928

He was one of the most innovative musicians in the USA in the 1960s.

Listen to one woman's story of working for Frank Zappa

Freddie Mercury20101126

The last days of Freddie Mercury battle with Aids.

Freddie Mercury's personal assistant remembers the last days of the musician's battle with Aids.

French Algerian Massacre20111023

On 17 October 1961, French police turned against Algerian demonstrators in Paris.

Some were shot, others drowned in the Seine.

For years the killings were not acknowledged.

We hear from one man whose sister died that day.

Gallipoli20120426

In 1915, more than 40,000 men were killed during the Battle of Gallipoli.

Among them were a large contingent of Australian and New Zealand troops, known as the Anzacs.

One New Zealander recalled one of the worst battles of World War One in a BBC interview.

PHOTO: Anzac Cove (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

One New Zealand soldier's account of surviving the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915.

Garbage, The City And Death By Fassbinder2012103120121101 (WS)
20121104 (WS)

In 1985 a Frankfurt theatre attempted to stage a play by the controversial German writer.

In 1985 a Frankfurt theatre attempted to stage a play by the provocative German writer, Rainer Werner Fassbinder.

But the local Jewish community said the work was anti-semitic.

Hear from an actress, and a protestor involved in the controversy.

Photo: Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Copyright: BBC.

George Blake Escapes20111021

In October 1966 a Soviet double agent escaped from a British jail.

He was helped, not by the KGB, but by other former prisoners.

Michael Randle was an anti-nuclear protestor who took part in the escape.

(Photo: Michael Randle on his release from Wormwood Scrubs prison).

George Blake Escapes20111024

In October 1966 a Soviet double agent escaped from a British jail.

Georgia In Crisis20101222

Christmas 1991 was a very difficult time for the former Soviet republic of Georgia.

Christmas 1991 was a difficult time for the former Soviet republic of Georgia.

Economic and political difficulties crippled the government.

Armed men roamed the streets of the capital Tblisi, looting and fighting.

Georgia's Rose Revolution20111126

In November 2003 a popular uprising unseated the government of Georgia.

Demonstrators waving roses burst into Parliament and Eduard Shevardnadze was forced to stand down.

Hear from one of the people on the streets of Tbilisi that day.

German Refugees In Post-war Europe2012100120121008 (WS)

At the end of World War Two, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.

No longer welcome outside Germany they ended up in internment camps, sometimes for years at a time.

Hear from one woman who lived through that time.

(Photo: Martha Kent and her siblings after their release from Potulice concentration camp)

German Refugees In Post-war Europe.2012100120121002 (WS)

At the end of WW2, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.

At the end of World War Two, many ethnic Germans in Central Europe were forced to leave their homes.

No longer welcome outside Germany they ended up in internment camps, sometimes for years at a time.

Hear from one woman who lived through that time.

Grace Kelly And Prince Ranier20110417

She was a Hollywood superstar - he was Prince of a tiny European state.

Their wedding turned into a media frenzy.

One of her bridesmaids remembers that day.

(Photo credit: Associated Press).

Great Fire Of London20110911

In 1666, a fire destroyed much of the city of London.

Two diarists recorded what happened.

In September 1666, a fire destroyed much of the city of London.

The diarist, Samuel Pepys, and a schoolboy called William Taswell both watched in horror as the fire consumed houses and even St Paul's Cathedral.

Witness briccngs together their aounts of a blaze which changed the city for ever.

The programme also hears from Meriel Jeater, an expert on the fire from the Museum of London.

PHOTO: A sketch of St Paul's burning from a contemporary pamphlet (Hutton Archive/Getty Images).

Great Lisbon Earthquake20111115

How an earthquake in 1755 flattened Lisbon and led to a revolution in European thought.

On All Saints Day 1755, the Portuguese city of Lisbon was hit by a triple disaster - an earthquake, followed by a tsunami and a fire.

One of the most splendid cities in Europe suffered massive damage and thousands of people were killed.

The disaster also led to debate across Europe about whether earthquakes were a natural phenomenon or a message from God.

Witness brings together accounts by British survivors of the earthquake, and hears from Edward Paice, author of Wrath of God - the Great Lisbon Earthquake.

Image: Lisbon before the earthquake (Hulton Archive/Getty Images).

Great Lisbon Earthquake20111119

How an earthquake in 1755 flattened Lisbon and led to a revolution in European thought.

Greenham Common20110911

The women of Greenham Common and their protest against American cruise missiles.

The women of Greenham Common.

How an anti-war march turned into a peace camp that endured for nearly 20 years outside an American air base in rural England.

We hear from one of the women who took part in the march, and founded the camp 30 years ago in September 1981.

Gujarat Riots2012030220120303

It is 10 years since communal violence broke out in the Indian state.

It was sparked by an attack on a train full of Hindu pilgrims.

Photo: Rioters in Ahmedabad on March 1, 2002. Credit Associated Press.

Hamlet20101230

- by William Shakespeare - is still popular four centuries after it was written.

The play Hamlet can tell us a great deal about the time in which it was written.

At the turn of the 16th century England was faced with many of the problems which plague its hero.

Hamlet - by William Shakespeare - is still popular four centuries after it was written.

How Little America Was Built In Afghanistan20120325

In the 1950s, US engineers were sent to Afghanistan to build a huge dam.

The aim was to irrigate the deserts of Helmand.

The town of Lashkar Gah was built to house the workers.

Photo: Lashkar Gah from the air, 1957.

In the 1950s, US engineers were sent to Afghanistan to build a dam.

Hurricane Andrew2012082320120824 (WS)
20120826 (WS)

In August 1992, Hurricane Andrew hit southern Florida, killing 44 people and causing billions of dollars of damage.

Amid the chaos, weather forecaster Bryan Norcross stayed on air, dispensing calm advice to his viewers. The marathon broadcast made him a local hero.

Bryan Norcoss recalls the hurricane for Witness.

The audio in this programme was provided by The Lynn and Louis Wolfson II Florida Moving Image Archives

(Image: Two people clearing rubble away from their family store. Credit: AFP)

How broadcasting throughout a devastating storm made a Miami weatherman into a local hero.

Hurricane Katrina20100830

A New Orleans deacon describes how his community survived Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

It's five years since Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast of America.

Witness speaks to Harold Toussaint, a deacon from New Orleans who refused to evacuate so he could help his community survive in the rising flood waters.

India's Partition - Part Two20100816

When India gained independence it was split into two new countries - India and Pakistan

The Partition of India led to millions of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs fleeing their homes during terrible religious violence.

This is the second of two programmes remembering that time.

Listen to the story of Chandra Joashi, who was only twelve years old when his family was caught on the wrong side of the dividing line.

Indonesian Killings20111028

In the autumn of 1965 a purge of communist sympathisers began in Indonesia.

Hundreds of thousands of people were caught up in the terror - many of them were killed.

Others like Carmel Budiardjo and Putu Oka, were jailed for years without trial.

Indonesian Killings20111029

In the autumn of 1965 a purge of communist sympathisers began in Indonesia.

Indonesian Killings20111030
Ira Jail Break2012092720120928 (WS)
20120930 (WS)

In September 1983 a group of IRA prisoners escaped from the high security Maze jail in Northern Ireland.

Most of them had been jailed for bombings and killings carried out as part of their campaign against British rule.

Hear from 'Bik' McFarlane - one of the leaders of the breakout.

(Image: The Maze prison with its H blocks Credit: Press Association)

Iran Hostage Crisis - The Canadian Story2012112920121130 (WS)
20121202 (WS)

In November 1979 Iranian revolutionaries stormed the US embassy in Tehran taking everyone inside hostage. But six Americans escaped - they sought refuge in the Canadian embassy. Their story is told in the Hollywood movie Argo.

Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor had to get them safely out of the country.

Photo: Iranians climbing the gates of the US embassy at the beginning of the hostage crisis. Copyright: AFP/Getty Images.

Iran-iraq War20100922

On September 22nd 1980 Saddam Hussein sent Iraqi troops into Iran.

The Iran-Iraq War lasted for eight years and was to become one of the bloodiest wars in recent history.

Pooneh Ghoddoosi was just a child when it started - a teenager when it ended.

Irving T Bush - Builder Of Bush House2012071120120715

After 70 years, the BBC World Service is leaving its home at Bush House in central London.

BBC Arts Reporter Vincent Dowd uncovers the story of Irving T Bush, the American businessman who gave his name to an iconic building.

(Image: Bush House).

Ivory Coast Civil War20110307

How a brutal civil war broke out in Ivory Coast in 2002.

In 2002, a brutal civil war broke out in Ivory Coast.

It turned the once prosperous city of Abidjan into a place where African migrants and westerners all feared for their lives.

Paul Welsh covered the Civil War for the BBC.

He recalls the atmosphere in Abidjan and how journalists themselves were targetted.

Jackie Robinson20110411

was the first black Major League Baseball player.

Jackie Robinson was the first black Major League Baseball player.

He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.

He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.

Photo: AP.

Jackie Robinson20110412

was the first black Major League Baseball player.

Jackie Robinson20110416

was the first black Major League Baseball player.

He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.

He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.

Photo: AP.

Jackie Robinson20110417

was the first black Major League Baseball player.

He broke the colour bar in professional baseball in the USA.

He suffered discrimination and abuse along the way.

(Photo credit: AP).

Jackson Pollock20120123

It is one hundred years since the great American abstract painter was born.

His distinctive technique of dripping paint onto canvas was part of a new wave of post-war art in the USA.

Photo: AFP/Getty Images.

Jackson Pollock20120124

It is one hundred years since the great American abstract painter was born.

Jackson Pollock20120129
Jacqueline Du Pre2012082020120821 (WS)
20120825 (WS)
20120826 (WS)

makes one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.

Jacqueline Du Pre makes one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.

In August 1965, at the age of just 20, the British cellist Jacqueline Du Pre recorded the Elgar cello concerto with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir John Barbirolli.

It became one of the most famous classical recordings of the 20th Century.

Du Pre's career was cut short less than a decade later by multiple sclerosis.

(Image: Jacqueline Du Pre in rehearsal)

Jamaica Slave Rebellion20101227

The story of a major revolt by slaves that was brutally crushed in 19th century Jamaica.

The emergence of Samuel Sharpe as a Jamaican national hero as he led the island's slaves in a rebellion against the overseers and sugar plantation owners in 1831.

Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120417

In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.

One of the diplomats taken captive was the Bolivian ambassador to Peru.

Photo: Peruvian soldiers bring the siege to an end. AP Wire

Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120418

In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.

One of the diplomats taken captive was the Bolivian ambassador to Peru.

Photo: Peruvian soldiers bring the siege to an end. AP Wire.

Japanese Embassy Hostage Crisis20120422

In 1997, left-wing rebels held 71 people hostage for over four months in Peru.

Jeopardy20100602

is a popular American quiz show.

Ken Jennings is the man who kept on winning it.

Ken Jennings is the man who won the popular US quiz show Jeopardy more times than anyone else.

He tells Witness how it felt during his winning streak.

Jeopardy is a popular American quiz show.

Keith Jarrett In Cologne20111105

How a jazz concert organised by a 17-year old turned into a bestselling album.

And how it almost didn't happen.

Vera Brandes describes the difficulties surrounding the legendary performance by the American pianist.

Photo credit: Jacques Munch/AFP/Getty Images.

Kidnap Of Us Ambassador In Brazil20110928

In September 1969 left-wing activists kidnapped Charles Burke Elbrick in Rio de Janeiro.

They demanded the release of 15 of their comrades in exchange for his life.

One of the kidnappers was Fernando Gabeira, then a young journalist.

Photo: Fernando Gabeira in 2008.

AFP/Getty Images.

Kidnap Of Us Ambassador In Brazil20110929

In September 1969 left-wing activists kidnapped Charles Burke Elbrick in Rio de Janeiro.

Kim Philby The Spy20111117

How a Soviet agent managed to fool the British intelligence service for years.

Even after he'd been identified as a spy by the Americans, Kim Philby, was allowed to stay in Britain.

Photo: Kim Philby (right) protesting his innocence to the media.

Getty Images.

Kim Philby The Spy20111118

How a Soviet agent managed to fool the British intelligence service for years.

Kindertransports20101203

In December 1938 the Kindertransports began, carrying Jewish children to safety in Britain

The first trains full of Jewish children left Berlin in early December - heading for sanctuary in Britain.

The Kindertransports only stopped with the outbreak of war in September 1939.

They helped thousands of children from all over Nazi occupied Europe to escape the Holocaust.

La Penca Bombing2012052920120603
20120603 (WS)

In May 1984 a bomber tried to kill an anti-Sandinista rebel leader in Nicaragua.

The attack took place at a press conference and several journalists were killed and injured.

Swedish journalist Peter Torbiornsson believes he inadvertently helped the bomber.

La Penca Bombing2012052920120530
20120530 (WS)

In May 1984 a bomber tried to kill an anti-Sandinista rebel leader in Nicaragua.

The attack took place at a press conference and several journalists were killed and injured.

Swedish journalist Peter Torbiornsson believes he inadvertently helped the bomber.

Land Speed Record20101015

October 15th 1997 a British team set a land speed record which still hasn't been beaten.

Andy Green was the driver who travelled faster than the speed of sound - in a car - to set the world land speed record.

He tells Witness how it happened.

Last Days Of Nasser20101001

A chauffeur recalls the dramatic final days of President Nasser of Egypt.

President Nasser of Egypt electrified the Arab world with his charisma and his dream of Arab nationalism uniting the Middle East.

His death in 1970 was a traumatic moment for millions of Egyptians.

Witness speaks to a former Egyptian chauffeur who observed Nasser's final days first-hand.

Lee Harvey Oswald And The Ussr2012112220121123 (WS)
20121125 (WS)

Lee Harvey Oswald, the man accused of killing President John F Kennedy in November 1963 had spent more than two years living in the USSR. He had defected there after serving as a US Marine.

He got a job in Minsk, and got married but was then welcomed back to the USA.

Photo: Associated Press, Lee Harvey Oswald in police custody.

Lehman Brothers20110916

On 15 September 2008, the US investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy.

Two New Yorkers at the centre of the crisis talk about the events leading up to that day.

Photo: AFP.

Lehman Brothers20110918
Lehman Brothers20110919
Libya Coup20100831

In 1969, a group of Libyan army officers take power in an overnight coup.

Before dawn on 1 September 1969, a group of army officers seized control of Libya from the reigning monarch.

Among them was a young soldier called Muammar Qadhafi.

Witness hears from two Libyans who experienced those heady and confusing events.

Libyan Prison Massacre20110725

In 1996 over a thousand prisoners were killed at Abu Salim jail in Tripoli.

Many people see the killings as the spark that eventually led to the uprising against Colonel Gaddafi's government.

When protestors first went on the streets of Benghazi in February this year it was to demonstrate against the arrest of a lawyer who was investigating the killings.

Photo: AP

In 1996 over a thousand prisoners were killed at a jail in Tripoli.

Libya's Coup - 196920110904

On 1 September 1969, a military coup in Libya toppled the King and brought to power Colonel Gaddafi - for many Libyans, the only leader they have ever known.

In contrast to today's long-drawn out and bloody struggle for power, it was all over very quickly in 1969.

Photo: Getty Images

The coup that brought Colonel Gaddafi to power in Libya.

Libya's Coup - 196920110905

The coup that brought Colonel Gaddafi to power in Libya.

Lord Mountbatten20100906

, pillar of the British establishment, was killed by the IRA in 1979.

On September 5th 1979, world leaders and European royalty gathered in London for the funeral of Lord Mountbatten.

He'd been killed in a bomb attack by Irish republicans.

His grandson Timothy Knatchbull tells Witness about the day he lost, not just his grandfather, but his identical twin brother

Lord Mountbatten, pillar of the British establishment, was killed by the IRA in 1979.

Mad Cow Disease - Cjd2012122120121222 (WS)

In the 1990s it became clear that a brain disease could be passed from cows to humans.

In the 1990s it became clear that a brain disease could be passed from cows to humans. The British government introduced a ban on beef on the bone. But for some people it was too late, members of their families were already sick.

Photo: BBC.

Madrid Train Bombings20110311

On March 11th 2004, bomb attacks in Madrid left 191 people dead.

Bombs planted on Spanish commuter trains and detonated at the height of the morning rush hour caused chaos.

One rescue worker remembers that day.

Photo: One of the wrecked trains outside Atocha station (AP).

Maitatsine2012122720121228 (WS)
20121230 (WS)

In 1980 thousands died in the Nigerian city of Kano in an uprising by an Islamic sect.

In December 1980, thousands were killed in the Nigerian city of Kano following an uprising by an Islamic sect.

The sect was led by a radical preacher, Maitatsine.

We hear from a witness who saw hundreds of suspects summarily executed as the Nigerian state tried to crush the uprising.

Photo: Kano old city wall c. 1975

Manchester United 196820110524

In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup.

In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup at Wembley.

A supporter and a player talk about the match, and the emotions.

Listen to David Sadler, and life-long fan Brian Hughes.

Manchester United 196820110528

In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup.

Manchester United 196820110529

In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup

In May 1968 Manchester United Football club won its first European cup at Wembley.

A supporter and a player talk about the match, and the emotions.

Listen to David Sadler, and life-long fan Brian Hughes.

Photo: David Sadler in action.

Getty images.

Mariel Boatlift From Cuba20110529

How 125,000 Cubans left the island by boat in 1980

In 1980, more than 100,000 Cubans left the island in a boatlift from Mariel harbour.

Witness speaks to the writer, Mirta Ojito, about how she fled from communism with her family.

Photo: Mirta (left) with her father and sister.

Mary Quant And The Mini Skirt20120304

It is almost 50 years since the young British designer led a fashion revolution.

She remembers how the look that came to embody swinging London was created.

(Photo: Mary Quant. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images).

Mass Wedding In New York City2012070320120704
20120708 (WS)

In 1982 4,000 people got married in a mass blessing carried out by Reverend Sun Myung Moon

He founded the Unification Church in Korea and his followers believe he should choose their spouses.

Hear from an American bridegroom who married his Korean wife that day.

(Image: Philip Shanker and his Korean bride).

Mau Mau Uprising20111030

It is 55 years since the Mau Mau leader Dedan Kimathi was arrested in Kenya.

He had been fighting against white rule in the British colony.

Photo: Mau Mau suspects in a prison camp.

Getty images.

Megan's Law2012073020120731 (WS)
20120804 (WS)
20120805 (WS)

Eighteen years ago a little girl was raped and murdered in New Jersey, USA.

After her death her parents began campaigning for a change in the law to force public awareness of sex offenders.

(Photo: Megan's mother Maureen testifying at the trial of her murderer. Credit: AP)

Eighteen years ago a little girl was raped and murdered - her killing changed US law.

Mexico City Massacre20111009

Just before the 1968 Olympics, the Mexican government cracked down hard on demonstrators.

Just before the 1968 Olympics, the Mexican government cracked down hard against student demonstrators.

Some were killed, others arrested - David Huerta was one of the young protestors, hear his story.

Photo: Mexican soldiers arresting students after the shooting (Associated Press).

Miguel Angel Blanco2012071820120722
20120722 (WS)

In July 1997, the armed Basque separatist group, ETA, kidnapped a young local councillor called Miguel Blanco and threatened to kill him within 48 hours.

The ultimatum sparked nationwide protests against ETA on a scale never previously seen in Spain.

Witness speaks to former Spanish Interior Ministry official, Gustavo de Aristegui.

PHOTO: Miguel Angel Blanco's sister, Maria del Mar, in front of a mural of her brother. (Getty Images)

How the killing of a young Basque councillor sparked huge anti-ETA protests in Spain.

Military Coup In Turkey20110918

On 12 September, 1980, the army took control in Turkey.

It was not the first time they had done so - but their actions still haunt Turkish politics today.

An admiral and a former student activist recount their very different memories of that time.

Photo: Getty Images.

Miracle On Ice20100222

When the US hockey team met their Russian rivals at the 1980 Olympics, tensions were high.

When the USA and the Soviet Union met in an ice-hockey match during the 1980 Winter Olympics - political tensions were high.

Witness hears from two of the players who took part.

Mission To Mars20111113

In November 1964 the first spacecraft to go to Mars left Earth

It was to send back the first photographs of the Red Planet.

Engineer John Casani designed the Mariner craft.

Mo Farah2012091020120911 (WS)
20120915 (WS)
20120916 (WS)

The Somali-born runner, Mo Farah, has become one of the heroes of the London 2012 Olympics after winning Gold in the 5,000 and 10,000 metres for his adopted country.

As Farah leads a parade of British athletes through London, Witness speaks to Alan Watkinson, the school sports teacher who transformed Farah's life.

(Image: Mo Farah. Credit: Associated Press)

How a London school sports teacher changed the life of the Somali-born Olympic champion.

Mobutu Sese Seko Of Congo2011112420111125

Of the "Big Men" who ruled Africa after independence, few were as notorious as Mobutu Sese Seko.

During his 32 years in power, Mobutu renamed Congo as Zaire and stole many millions of dollars.

As the people of Congo prepare to vote for a new president, a former advisor to Mobutu remembers his years in power.

Witness also hears from Michaela Wrong, author of "In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz".

PHOTO: Mobutu shares a joke with a foreign visitor (HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES)

How Mobutu Sese Seko run a kleptocratic dictatorship in Congo for 32 years.

Mobutu Sese Seko Of Congo20111128

How Mobutu Sese Seko run a kleptocratic dictatorship in Congo for 32 years.

Modern Art In Tehran2012101220121013 (WS)

It is 35 years since the opening of the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art.

It contains one of the finest collections of modern Western art outside Europe and North America.

Hear from its founder and architect - Kamran Diba

Photo: A woman visitor to the Museum. AFP/Getty Images.

Montserrat Volcano20110626

Fourteen years ago the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.

Much of the south of the island was covered with ash and 19 people died.

Hear Rose Willock, broadcaster and 'voice of Montserrat' as she remembers the 25 of June 1997.

(Photo: BBC)

In June 1997 the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.

Mtv20110802

It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24-hour music TV channel.

Mtv20110807
Mtv Turns 3020110801

It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24 hour music TV channel

It was to revolutionise the way that music was consumed and promoted - and the way that people watched television.

Witness hears from one of the founders of MTV.

Mtv Turns 3020110802

It is 30 years since the launch of the first 24 hour music TV channel.

Mules And The Mujahideen2012091920120920 (WS)
20120922 (WS)

Twenty-five years ago, a shipment of mules was sent from the USA to Afghanistan.

They were part of Ronald Reagan's effort to help fight the Soviets.

Witness hears from a Mujahideen commander and an American vet who dealt with the animals.

Photo: AFP/Getty images.

Murder Of Polish Priest20111106

In late October 1984 the body of a Polish priest was found in a town outside Warsaw.

He was Father Jerzy Popieluszko and he had become the spiritual leader for the banned trade union Solidarity.

It was later revealed that he had been kidnapped and killed by members of the Communist secret police.

Ned Kelly's Last Stand20111124

How the infamous Australian outlaw, Ned Kelly, was finally captured in 1880.

Ned Kelly, the infamous Australian outlaw, was captured in the remote settlement of Glenrowan in 1880.

In a dramatic last stand, Kelly and his gang

took hostages and tried to derail a police train.

Kelly was hanged a few months after his capture.

The rest of the gang were killed.

Witness brings together eye-witness accounts of the last stand.

The programme also hears from the Australian historian, Professor Carl Bridge.

PICTURE: Ned Kelly is shot and captured while wearing his armour.

(HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES).

Ned Kelly's Last Stand20111125

How the infamous Australian outlaw, Ned Kelly, was finally captured in 1880.

New York Blackout2012071620120717
20120722 (WS)

It is 35 years since the streets of the Big Apple were plunged into darkness.

In the height of a summer heatwave there were riots on the streets.

But as one New Yorker remembers - it wasn't all bad.

Photo: New Yorkers walking home in the dark. Copyright: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

Oj Simpson Car Chase20110614

The LAPD detective who spoke to OJ Simpson as he was chased through Los Angeles in 1994

In June 1994, America watched in disbelief as the police chased the retired sports star OJ Simpson, along the freeways of Los Angeles.

LAPD detective Tom Lange contacted OJ Simpson by cell phone and tried to calm him down.

Oj Simpson Car Chase20110618

The LAPD detective who spoke to OJ Simpson as he was chased through Los Angeles in 1994.

Oj Simpson Car Chase20110619
Omarska Concentration Camp2012080620120807 (WS)
20120811 (WS)
20120812 (WS)

The story of a survivor of Omarska concentration camp in Bosnia.

Omarska was the first concentration camp discovered in Europe since World War II.

One survivor, Satko Mujagic, tells of the torture and beatings inmates suffered during his ten weeks of incarceration.

(Image Survivors of Omarska. Credit AP)

Operation Barbarossa20110626

An eyewitness account of the launch of Nazi Germany's attack on the Soviet Union

A frontline Soviet officer tells of what he saw the night that Hitler ordered Operation Barbarossa - Germany's invasion of the USSR.

Pakistan Nuclear Test20110529

It is 13 years since Pakistan first tested a nuclear weapon.

Dr Samar Mubarakmand was a senior figure at the country's Atomic Energy Commission.

He was given the job of organising the test.

He talks to Witness.

Palestinian Story2010060120100607

In 1948 the creation of Israel led to many Palestinians becoming refugees.

The creation of the state of Israel in 1948, led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians.

We hear one man's story from that time.

Partition - Part 120100813

When India gained independence it was split into 2 new countries, India and Pakistan.

The Partition of India led to millions of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs having to flee their homes during terrible religious violence.

This is the first of two editions of Witness remembering that time.

Pearl Harbour20111212

It is 70 years since Japanese planes attacked the US Navy base in Hawaii.

The action forced the USA into World War II.

Jack Hammett, was a young naval medic who survived the carnage.

Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

Peron Returns20100621

In 1973 Juan Peron returned to Argentina from exile.

But his homecoming turned to chaos.

When former President Juan Peron returned to Argentina from exile in 1973 he was greeted by a crowd of millions at the airport.

But chaos soon broke out.

Phoolan Devi - Bandit Queen2012091120120912 (WS)
20120916 (WS)

It is 30 years since a teenage Indian woman spread fear in the North East of the country.

She committed ruthless and violent acts as revenge, she said, for the abuse she had suffered at the hands of upper-caste men.

Listeners may find some of the descriptions of violence in this report shocking.

(Image: Phoolan Devi)

Picasso20110801

Sixty years ago a young art historian got to know the greatest painter in the world.

John Richardson met Picasso in the South of France in 1951.

Photo: AFP/Getty.

Plane Spotters2011120320111204

In November 2001 a group of British tourists were arrested and put on trial for spying in Greece.

They were not spies, but aircraft enthusiasts.

Hear how their British hobby resulted in suspicion, and ultimately jail.

Paul Coppin with Greek police.

Photo AP News.

In November 2001 a group of British tourists were arrested and put on trial in Greece.

Playboy Club20100301

Fifty years ago the first Playboy Club opened in Chicago - with bunnies.

When Hugh Hefner opened his first Playboy Club in Chicago fifty years ago he decided to dress all the bargirls and waitresses in bunny costumes.

They were known as Bunnygirls - in today's programme we hear from a former Bunnygirl, and Hugh Hefner himself.

Pollard Spy Case2012060720120608 (WS)
20120610 (WS)

It's 26 years since an American intelligence analyst admitted selling secrets to Israel.

Jonathan Pollard sold tens of thousands of confidential documents to Israeli agents over an 18-month period.

We hear from one of the investigators who brought him down.

Photo: Jonathan Pollard/AP

Pope John Paul Ii Visits Cuba20120401

In 1998 the then Pope, John Paul II, made a visit to the communist island.

It marked a change in relations between the Church and the government of Fidel Castro.

But some Cubans hoped it would lead to much greater changes.

Photo: AP/Vatican, Arturo Mari.

President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110627

President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.

The Irish author, Colm Toibin remembers President Kennedy returning to the land of his forefathers -- and being taken to the nation's heart as if he were one of its own.

President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110628

President Kennedy's emotional visit to Ireland shortly before his assassination in 1963.

President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110702
President Kennedy's Visit To Ireland20110703
President Sadat Of Egypt Visits Israel20111126

In 1977, Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel and address the Israeli parliament, or Knesset.

At the time, Egypt was still formally at war with Israel - a country which no Arab nation then recognised.

Sadat's visit led to a formal peace treaty betweem the two countries.

Louise Hidalgo talks to the Egyptian cameraman, Mohamed Gohar - a favourite of Sadat's.

PHOTO: Sadat addressing the Knesset (AFP/Getty Images)

How Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel in 1977.

President Sadat Of Egypt Visits Israel20111127

How Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to visit Israel in 1977.

Princess Diana And Panorama20101119

It is 15 years since Princess Diana spoke openly about the breakdown of her marriage.

The week that Prince William chose to announce his engagement coincides with the anniversary of an interview that the late Princess Diana gave to the BBC TV programme Panorama.

Queen Elizabeth Ii's Diamond Jubilee: Punk Rock And The Queen20120601

In 1977, The Sex Pistols punk rock band mocked Britain's Silver Jubilee celebrations.

They even wrote a song with the same title as the national anthem - God Save the Queen.

(Image: The Sex Pistols - left to right - Paul Cook, Johnny Rotten, Steve Jones and Glen Matlock. Credit: Press Association).

Rabin Assassination20101105

It is exactly 15 years since the Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated.

On November 4th 1995 the Israeli rock star Aviv Geffen sang at a peace rally in Tel Aviv alongside Israel's leader Yitzhak Rabin.

Moments later the Prime Minister was shot.

Aviv Geffen talks to Witness about that night, and its effect on his life.

Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110614

The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper

An account of the remarkable life of Rachel Beer, who challenged the prejudices of Victorian England and reached the top in journalism, only to be engulfed by disaster and lose everything.

Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110615

The story of the rise and fall of the first ever woman editor of a British newspaper.

Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110618
Rachel Beer - First Lady Of Fleet Street20110619
Retreat From Dunkirk20110606

A British soldier tells us of one extraordinary day on the beaches of Dunkirk during World War II.

We hear of how he managed to work his way through the chaos and constant danger, and escape to England.

One soldier's frank account of his chaotic World War Two retreat from Dunkirk.

Robert Kennedy's Funeral Train20120608

How Americans lined the route of Senator Robert Kennedy's funeral train in 1968.

In June 1968, Senator Robert Kennedy was gunned down during his campaign for the American presidency.

Amid the nationwide mourning that followed, his funeral train travelled from New York to Washington with huge crowds lining the tracks.

Witness speaks to Kennedy's former press secretary and to his former bodyguard.

(Photo: Robert Kennedy campaigning in 1968. Credit: Getty Images).

Romanian Family History20110425

It is 21 years since a Romanian woman was finally able to uncover her family history - kept hidden for decades by the communist secret police.

Nick Thorpe reports for Witness.

One family's extraordinary story kept hidden for decades by the communist secret police.

Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110704

How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.

Ron Kovic tells of how he was shot and paralysed during a battle in Vietnam, and then went on to become a leading voice in the American anti-war movement.

Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110705

How ex-US Marine Ron Kovic became a peace activist after being paralysed in Vietnam.

Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110709
Ron Kovic -- Ex Us Marine And Peace Activist20110710
Roosevelt In The Amazon2012072320120724 (WS)
20120728 (WS)
20120729 (WS)

How the American president Theodore Roosevelt nearly died in the Amazon in 1914.

After Theodore Roosevelt lost the American presidential election of 1912, he decided to explore an unknown tributary of the Amazon called the River of Doubt.

It was a trip that nearly killed both Roosevelt and his son, Kermit.

Witness brings together first-hand accounts of the trip, with the help of Candice Millard, author of River of Doubt - Roosevelt's Darkest Journey.

PHOTO: Roosevelt on the campaign trail in 1912 (Getty Images).

Rosa Luxemburg20110308

, the revolutionary theorist and feminist icon, was born 140 years ago

To mark a century of International Women's Day we bring you a portrait of the revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg.

Feminist icon, writer and theorist - Lenin called her the Eagle of the Revolution.

Rosa Luxemburg, the revolutionary theorist and feminist icon, was born 140 years ago.

Russian Revolution2012103020121031 (WS)
20121104 (WS)

It is 95 years since the October Revolution which led to the creation of the Soviet Union.

Hear an account from the BBC's archive, of a young woman living in Moscow.

Photo: A demonstration in Moscow during the revolution. AFP/Getty Images

Rwanda Genocide20100406

On April 6th 1994 the genocide in Rwanda began.

Journalist Lindsey Hilsum lived through it

The killing that began in Rwanda on April 6th 1994, was to last for 100 days.

Hundreds of thousands of people were killed by their fellow citizens.

Journalist Lindsey Hilsum was there.

Ryan White20111202

To mark World Aids Day Louise Hidalgo reports on the story of Ryan White.

He was a haemophiliac who was banned from school after testing HIV positive.

His death from Aids, changed attitudes towards the disease in the USA.

PHOTO: Associated Press

The story of a young haemophiliac who was banned from school after testing HIV positive.

Saddam Execution20091230

What was it like growing up in the shadow of Saddam Hussein?

On the 30th of December 2006 the former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was executed for crimes against humanity.

But what was it like growing up in his shadow? Lucy Williamson investigates.

Samantha Smith20110802

The story of a child who dreamed of world peace.

She wrote a letter to the leader of the Soviet Union and found herself invited to summer camp on the Black Sea.

This programme was first broadcast last year.

Photo: Getty images.

Samantha Smith20110803

The story of a child who dreamed of world peace.

San Salvador Offensive20111113

In November 1989 the civil war in El Salvador hit the capital city.

Rebels fighting the US-backed goverment began attacks in San Salvador.

But after less than two weeks of gun-battles and street fighting the rebels left the capital.

Image: VT Freeze Frame.

Sarin Gas Attack In Tokyo20120325

In March 1995 members of a Japanese cult released nerve gas in the metro.

Thirteen people died and thousands were injured.

Hear one man's account of the Aum Shinrikyo attack.

Photo of Shoko Asahara the Aum leader. AP WirePhoto.

Search For The Loch Ness Monster2012101120121012 (WS)
20121014 (WS)

It is 25 years since the most in-depth and expensive survey of Loch Ness.

The scientists were searching for infallible evidence of the mythical monster.

Hear from the man in charge of Operation Deepscan - Adrian Shine.

(Image: A 1934 picture of the alleged monster. Credit: Getty Images)

Sharon At The Al-aqsa Compound2012092820120929 (WS)

In September 2000 the Israeli opposition leader visited the Al-Aqsa compound.

In September 2000 the Israeli opposition leader visited the Al-Aqsa compound in Jersualem's old city.

Hear from an Israeli, and a Palestinian who were there that day.

Photo: Ariel Sharon at the compound. Credit: AFP/Getty Images.

Shoot2012111920121120 (WS)

In November 1971 a young American artist decided to get a friend to take a shot at him.

His name was Chris Burden and the shooting would go down in the history of performance art.

He has been speaking to Witness about the ideas behind the event.

Silent Spring2012092420120925 (WS)
20121001 (WS)

It is 50 years since the publication of a book which helped launch the green movement.

It is 50 years since the publication of a book which helped launch the environmental movement.

Rachel Carson was the biologist who highlighted the dangers of pesticides, particularly DDT.

Sister Dorothy Stang20120214

In February 2005 a Catholic nun working in the Amazon was murdered.

Her killing had been ordered by powerful landowners who objected to her work with the rural poor.

Her brother David tells the story of her work, and her death.

Photo: Carlos Silva/AFP

Audio Clips: Courtesy of Greenpeace.

Sister Dorothy Stang20120215

In February 2005 a Catholic nun working in the Amazon was murdered.

South African Student Sit-in Against Apartheid Injustice20110828

White students in apartheid South Africa stage a sit-in protest against racial injustice.

The story of how students at the officially designated "white" University of Cape Town campaigned in support of an academic who had fallen foul of apartheid's racist laws.

Picture courtesy UCT.

Soviet Protest Pioneers2012082920120830 (WS)
20120903 (WS)

In 1968, seven Soviet intellectuals held a pioneering protest against the power of the Communist Party.

Held in Moscow's Red Square, the demonstration was against the Soviet decision to crush the reformist movement in Czechoslovakia known as the Prague Spring.

Although tiny in the number, the intellectuals attracted media attention in the West, even inspiring a protest song.

Dina Newman talks to Pavel Litvinov, who organised the Moscow demonstration.

How seven Soviet intellectuals held a pioneering protest in Moscow in 1968.

Spice Girls2011121920111220

Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one.

'Girl power' is taking over the world.

In 1996 the Spice Girls were at the top of the charts.

Their brand of cheeky British pop had taken the world by storm - they called it 'girl power'.

We hear from two Spice Girls insiders about the early days when Baby, Sporty, Posh, Scary and Ginger were complete unknowns who used to travel by bus.

PHOTO: Spice Girls at an awards ceremony in December 1996.

Spice Girls2011122420111225

Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one.

'Girl power' is taking over the world.

Spice Girls20111225

Christmas 1996 and the Spice Girls are number one. 'Girl Power' is taking over the world.

In 1996 the Spice Girls were at the top of the charts.

Their brand of cheeky British pop had taken the world by storm - they called it 'Girl Power'.

We hear from two Spice Girls insiders about the early days when Baby, Sporty, Posh, Scary and Ginger were complete unknowns who used to travel by bus.

PHOTO: Spice Girls at an awards ceremony in December 1996.

Star Trek20100913

How the sci-fi classic Star Trek was born.

Herb Solow was head of the TV studio which made the first series of Star Trek.

He tells Witness how it became a success despite the early bad reviews.

Star Wars - The Film2012052120120527

It is 35 years since one of the biggest movie franchises of all time hit cinema screens.

It was made on a low budget and much of the filming was done in England.

Hear from one of the English actors who found fame through Star Wars, playing the robot C3PO.

Photo: Anthony Daniels with C3PO. (Getty Images.).

Stealing The Mona Lisa20110822

The theft of the Mona Lisa in August 1911.

The theft of the Mona Lisa from the museum of the Louvre in Paris in August 1911.

The search for the famous painting would take two years and helped to cement its fame around the world.

We hear how even the famous artist Pablo Picasso was arrested during the police investigation that involved detectives in both Europe and America.

Stealing The Mona Lisa20110823

The theft of the Mona Lisa in August 1911.

Stealing The Mona Lisa20110828

The theft of the Mona Lisa from the museum of the Louvre in Paris in August 1911

The search for the famous painting would take two years and helped to cement its fame around the world.

We hear how even the famous artist Pablo Picasso was arrested during the police investigation that involved detectives in both Europe and America.

Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111114

The leader of a student protest in Greece nearly 40 years ago tells Alan Johnston about the moment when the country's military junta sent in the tanks, and how she only just managed to escape with her life.

This programe was first broadcast last year.

Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.

Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111115

Alan Johnston reports on a student uprising against military rule in Greece in 1973.

Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111119
Student Uprising In Greece In 197320111120
Studio 5420120426

It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors.

Its door policy was strict, its dance floor was full of the coolest people in the city.

Listen to 3 people who knew it in its heyday.

Photo: Former Canadian First lady, Margaret Trudeau, dancing at Studio 54. (Central Press/Getty Images)

It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors - to cool people.

Studio 5420120427

It is 35 years since the legendary New York night club opened its doors - to cool people.

Suicide Of Gay Footballer2012050320120506
Suicide Of Gay Footballer2012050320120504
Suicide Of Gay Footballer20120504

Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.

He committed suicide in London, following allegations that he had sexually assaulted a teenager.

His niece Amal Fashanu speaks to Witness about her favourite uncle.

Suicide Of Gay Footballer20120506

Justin Fashanu, Britain's first openly gay footballer, killed himself in May 1998.

Telstar2012070920120715
20120710 (WS)

It is 50 years since the first ever transatlantic satellite TV broadcast.

France, Britain and America worked together to make it happen.

Telstar was the name of the satellite which beamed the live pictures across the world.

Hear from one of the engineers who helped to make it possible.

Thai Student Massacre20111016

In October 1976 security forces opened fire on student demonstrators in Bangkok.

We hear from one of the students who survived the shooting but was arrested and held for several months.

The "last Indian"2012090720120908 (WS)

In 1911, an American Indian called Ishi emerged from the North Californian forest after decades in hiding from Indian-hunters.

He is thought to be the last survivor from the Yahi tribe.

Ishi became a tourist attaction in San Francisco and many recordings were made of his stories and music.

Louise Hidalgo retraces Ishi's story.

PHOTO: Courtesy of the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, University of California.

How a Yahi Indian called Ishi emerged from the Northern Californian wilderness in 1911.

The Achille Lauro Hijacking2012100820121009 (WS)
20121015 (WS)

In 1985 the crew and passengers of an Italian luxury cruise liner were held hostage by gunmen from the Palestine Liberation Front in the Red Sea.

The hijackers spent three days attempting to negotiate the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israeli jails before trying to make a get away.

Photo: The Achille Lauro and Egyptian security forces. AFP/Getty Images.

In 1985 a luxury cruise liner was held by Palestinian gunmen in the Red Sea.

Photo: The Achille Lauro and Egyptian security forces.

AFP/Getty Images.

The American Pow Who Chose China20111028

When the Korean War ended, a few US POWs chose to stay and live under communism.

When the Korean War ended, a few US POWs chose to stay with their captors and live under communism.

David Hawkins was one of them.

He tells his remarkable story to Witness.

The Anschluss2012051520120520

In March 1938 Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany - it would not regain its independence for more than 17 years.

One Vienna resident remembers the day that Hitler's troops marched in.

Photo: Austrians welcoming German troops. Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The Assassination Of Ahmed Shah Massood2011090920110910 (WS)
20110911 (WS)

Two days before 9/11, Al Qaeda killed an Afghan anti-Taleban leader.

Two days before 9/11, Al Qaeda killed an Afghan leader in a suicide bombing.

Ahmed Shah Massood had been one of the main figures opposing the Taleban.

Photo: VT Freeze Frame.

The Assassination Of Georgi Markov2012022920120304 (WS)

The Bulgarian dissident was attacked by a man with a poisoned umbrella on his way to work at the BBC World Service in Bush House.

He died several days later in a London hospital.

We hear from a colleague and friend, and one of the doctors who tried to save him.

Photo: Georgi Markov

The Bulgarian dissident was attacked with a poisoned umbrella on his way to Bush House.

The Assassination Of Ruth First2012081720120818 (WS)

The parcel bomb attack that killed anti-apartheid activist Ruth First in 1982.

Former anti-apartheid activist Alpheus Manghezi recalls the day in August 1982 when his colleague Ruth First was killed by a parcel bomb delivered to her office. Both Manghezi and First were living in exile in Mozambique. Manghezi describes how he visited the scene together with the Mozambican president, Samora Machel. The assassins were later identified as agents of the South African state.

(Image: Former South African president Nelson Mandela unveiling a plaque dedicated to Ruth First and Joe Slovo in London. Credit: Getty Images)

The Baltic Chain Protest20100823

How millions of people in the Baltic states held hands to protest against Soviet rule.

One of the key moments in the protests in Eastern Europe in 1989 came when millions of people in the Baltic states formed a human chain by holding hands across their three countries.

It was a key point in what became known as the Singing Revolution.

Witness talks to one of the organisers of a protest which defied the might of the Soviet Union.

The Battle In Seattle20111203

In November 1999 police battled with anti-globalisation protestors for control of the streets of Seattle.

The demonstrators were protesting against World Trade Organisation talks taking place in the US city.

Norm Stamper was the Chief of Police in Seattle at the time.

Photo: AP

In November 1999 police battled with anti-globalisation protestors for control of Seattle.

The Battle Of Passchendaele2012073120120801 (WS)
20120805 (WS)

It was one of the defining battles of the First World War.

Britain and its allies had ambitious plans to break through German lines - but they ended up mired in mud.

Listen to the voices of soldiers who took part - from the BBC archive.

Photo: Getty Images.

The Bermuda Triangle20111210

The story of the Bermuda Triangle began when five US Navy planes went missing in 1945.

No trace of the bombers was ever found - and since then - other ships and planes have diappeared in the same area of the Atlantic Ocean.

Witness hears from one man who took part in the original search for Flight 19.

The Bhopal Gas Disaster2012120320121204 (WS)

In December 1984 thousands of people in the Indian city were killed by a chemical leak.

In December 1984 thousands of people in the Indian city of Bhopal were killed by leak from a chemical plant. The city was enveloped by a cloud of poisonous gas. Two survivors of the disaster have spoken to Witness.

Photo:Waiting for treatment outside the hospital. Copyright: Bedi/AFP/Getty Images

The Biafran War2012053120120601
20120601 (WS)

Between 1967 and 1970 there was a civil war in Nigeria over the formation of the state of Biafra.

Over a million people died through famine, disease and fighting.

Witness hears from a man who fought in the war as a boy.

(Image: a starving child in Biafra. Credit: Partington/Express/Getty Images.)

Between 1967 and 1970 there was a civil war in Nigeria over the formation of Biafra.

The Bombardment Of Baghdad20120325

On 20 March 2003 the US and its allies began their air strikes against Iraq.

For millions of ordinary Iraqis it meant the beginning of three weeks of fear and helplessness.

Hear what it was like for just one schoolgirl who lived through the bombardment.

(Photo: Ramizi Haidar/AFP/Getty Images).

The British Miners' Strike20111225

Christmas 1984 was a difficult time for British miners who had been on strike for nine months.

They had taken industrial action to try to save their coal mines from government closure.

Listen to one miner's wife tell how her family made it through the anger and deprivation of that time.

Photo: BBC

Christmas 1984 - a time of hardship for the protesters against the closure of coal mines.

The Brixton Riots20110411

In April 1981 the streets of South London erupted in violence.

The fighting was mainly between young members of the black community and the Metropolitan police.

A former rioter and a former policeman tell their very different stories.

This programme was first broadcast last year.

Photo: Press Association.

The Capture Of President Izetbegovic2012050120120506
The Capture Of President Izetbegovic20120506

In May 1992 the Bosnian president was taken captive by Serb soldiers.

The siege of Sarajevo had just begun.

With him, was his daughter Sabina - hear her story.

Photo: President Alija Izetbegovic - VT Freeze Frame.

The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120103

In January 1968 an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.

Its crew were held for almost a year but they found small ways to resist.

Hear from one of the US sailors on board.

Photo of the Pueblo's crew taken by North Korean military.

The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120104

In January 1968 an American spy ship was captured by North Korean forces.

The Capture Of The Uss Pueblo20120107
The Christmas Truce20111225

On Christmas Eve 1914, during World War I, British and German soldiers stopped fighting.

Many of them left their trenches and started to talk and exchange gifts.

But after a few hours of peace they were ordered back to their guns.

Photo: Associated Press.

The Crate Escape2012110520121106 (WS)
20121112 (WS)

In London in 1984, a joint Nigerian-Israeli team attempted to kidnap and repatriate the exiled former Nigerian minister Umaru Dikko.

Dikko, who'd fled Nigeria after a military coup, was accused of stealing $1 billion of government money.

We hear from Charles David Morrow, the young British customs officer who foiled the kidnap plot.

Photo: Umaru Dikko shortly after his release. BBC

An incredible plot to kidnap, drug and repatriate Nigerian exile Umaru Dikko in 80s London

Dikko, who'd fled Nigeria after a military coup, was accused of stealing 1 billion dollars of government money.

The Creation Of Tetris20111229

In 1984 one of the most popular computer games ever was invented in Moscow.

Hear from Alexey Pajitnov, the Russian who created it, and Henk Rogers, the American who helped to sell it around the world.

Photo: Henk and Alexey.

The Creation Of Tetris20111230

In 1984 one of the most popular computer games ever was invented in Moscow.

The Crusaders Capture Jerusalem20110715

The tale of the momentous and bloody capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099

A graphic account of one of the major events in the history of the Middle East.

The conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders more than 900 years ago.

The Crusaders Capture Jerusalem20110718

A graphic account of one of the major events in the history of the Middle East.

The conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders more than 900 years ago.

The tale of the momentous and bloody capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099.

The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110919

The Secretary General of the UN was killed in a plane crash 50 years ago.

He was on his way to Congo, in an attempt to prevent war.

Two people who knew him well remember the man.

Photo: Associated Press.

The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110920

The Secretary General of the UN was killed in a plane crash 50 years ago.

The Death Of Dag Hammarskjold20110925
The Death Of Evita Peron2012072520120726 (WS)
20120728 (WS)
20120730 (WS)

It is 60 years since the Argentine first lady died.

During her short life she had become an icon for women and the poor in Argentina

Hear from two very different women who remember meeting her.

(Photo: Juan and Eva Peron in 1950. Credit: Associated Press)

The Death Of Getulio Vargas2012082420120825 (WS)

The death of a president that shocked Brazil.

In 1954 the president of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, chose to die rather than submit to the military.

His sudden death resulted in a wide expression of public grief.

His legacy was a letter to the Brazilian people that has passed into history.

(Image: Getulio Vargas)

The Death Of Leonid Brezhnev20111113

The Soviet leader died in November 1982 after years of ill health.

He had ruled the USSR for 18 years and presided over a period of economic and political stagnation.

Image: Associated Press.

The Death Of Leonid Brezhnev20111114

The Soviet leader died in November 1982 after years of ill health.

The Death Of Marilyn Monroe2012080320120804 (WS)

Marilyn Monroe is perhaps Hollywood's most enduring sex symbol and on the 50th anniversary of her death, two of her photographers - Eve Arnold and George Barris - remember the woman, her charm, her insecurity, her films and her affairs.

(Image: Marilyn Monroe on set in the film, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Credit: AP Photo/Courtesy Running Press)

It's 50 years since the death of Marilyn Monroe, Hollywood's ultimate sex symbol.

The Death Of Princess Diana2012083120120901 (WS)

The death of Diana, Princess of Wales, killed in a car crash on 31 August 1997.

Diana, Princess of Wales, was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997.

Her companion, Dodi al-Fayed and the driver of the car also died.

Witness speaks to one of her closest friends and a French doctor who attended the scene of the accident.

(Image: Princess Diana. Photo credit VINCENT AMALVY/AFP/Getty Images)

The Death Of Robert Maxwell20111105

It is 20 years since the newspaper magnate disappeared off his yacht.

After his death it soon became clear that his publishing empire was in serious financial difficulties.

We hear from one man who knew him well.

The Death Of Roberto Calvi2012061820120624

On June 17, 1982 an Italian banker was found dead in mysterious circumstances in London.

The Death Of Roberto Calvi2012061820120619

On June 17, 1982 an Italian banker was found dead in mysterious circumstances in London.

He had been in charge of a bank with close ties to the Catholic church.

He was known as God's Banker.

Photo: Express Newspapers/Getty Images.

The Death Of Steve Biko2012091220120913 (WS)
20120915 (WS)
20120917 (WS)

It is 35 years since the anti-apartheid activist died in a police cell.

The South African police claimed he'd starved himself to death.

Helen Zille was the journalist who helped uncover the truth behind his demise.

(Image: Members of the Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) hold a candle light memorial ceremony to mark the death anniversary of the anti-apartheid activist and founder of the Black Conscioussness Movement Steve Bantu Biko. Credit: RAJESH JANTILAL/AFP/GettyImages)

The Death Of Tom Simpson20110718

In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.

His teammate talks to Witness about Tom and the Tour.

This programme was first broadcast last year.

The Death Of Tom Simpson20110719

In July 1967 the British cyclist rode himself to death on the Tour de France.

The Death Of Tom Simpson20110723
The Death Of Tom Simpson20110724
The Dionne Quintuplets2012052820120603
20120603 (WS)

The story of the "miracle babies" who became global superstars in the 1930s.

In May 1934, the first quintuplets ever to survive birth were born in a tiny rural settlement in northern Canada.

The Dionne babies became global superstars and millions of people visited their specially-built nursery.

But, once their fame was over, the Dionne Quintuplets all struggled to adapt to daily life and had to fight for compensation.

Witness speaks to a biographer of the Quintuplets and brings together archive recordings from the height of their fame.

PHOTO:

The Disappearance Of Amelia Earhart2012070220120703
20120708 (WS)

In July 1937 the female flyer disappeared in her plane somewhere over the Pacific Ocean.

She was attempting to fly around the world following the Equator.

With her record breaking solo fights and her striking looks she had become an international celebrity by the time she died.

Photo:Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan shortly before their disappearance. Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The Early Days Of Hiv/aids20110604

The experience of a Ugandan-born woman diagnosed with HIV in the early days of the virus

It's 30 years since the HIV virus was first identified by medical experts.

In the early days, carriers of the virus were stigmatised and treatment was in its infancy.

Alan Johnston talks to Ugandan-born Winnie Ssanyu Sseruma about her experiences of having HIV back in the 1980s.

The Early Days Of Hiv/aids20110605

It's 30 years since the HIV virus was first identified by medical experts.

In the early days, carriers of the virus were stigmatised and treatment was in its infancy.

Alan Johnston talks to Ugandan-born Winnie Ssanyu Sseruma about her experiences of having HIV back in the 1980s.

The experience of a Ugandan-born woman diagnosed with HIV in the early days of the virus.

The Execution Of The Ceauň escus2012122520121226 (WS)

On December 25th 1989, Nicolae and Elena Ceau┼čescu were executed by firing squad.

It was the end of one of the most repressive regimes in former communist eastern Europe.

Petre Roman took part in the revolution that overthrew the Ceau┼čescus and became the country's first democratic prime minister.

Photo: Nicolae Ceau┼čescu shortly before his execution.

The Falklands War20120402

It is 30 years since Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands.

In the first of 2 programmes we hear the story from the point of view of a resident of the islands who lived through the invasion and the subsequent war between Britain and Argentina.

Photo: Press Association.

The Falklands War20120403

It is 30 years since Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands.

The Falklands War20120408
The Fall Of Berlin2011051720110521 (WS)
20110522 (WS)

The Red Army took control of the German capital Berlin, in May 1945.

The Soviet soldiers had a terrifying reputation and civilians in their path feared looting and violence.

One German woman who survived that time tells her story.

This programme was scheduled for broadcast on May 2nd but postponed due to the death of Osama bin Laden.

The Farewell Dossier2012072620120727 (WS)
20120729 (WS)

How a mole in the KGB sent secrets to France and the USA in 1981.

His codename was 'Farewell' - and the information he gave to the West helped helped to hasten the end of the Soviet Union.

Photo: Francois Mitterand and Ronald Reagan outside the White House. AFP

The First Flight Of Concorde20120302

On 2 March 1969 the supersonic airliner took to the skies for the first time.

But at the time, some campaigners believed it could damage buildings by flying so fast.

Hear from the French pilot who guided it through its maiden trip.

Photo: VT Freeze Frame.

The First Flight Of Concorde20120303

On 2 March 1969 the supersonic airliner took to the skies for the first time.

The First Ivf Baby2012072420120725 (WS)
20120729 (WS)

In July 1978 the first baby to be conceived in a laboratory was born in England.

She was called Louise Brown and her mother had been treated with a new technique, in vitro fertilisation.

Millions of children have since been born using IVF.

(Photo: Louise Joy Brown. Credit: Getty Images)

The Football War2012062620120701

It is over 40 years since a brief but bloody war between Honduras and El Salvador.

The Football War2012062620120627

It is over 40 years since a brief but bloody war between Honduras and El Salvador.

The conflict coincided with the two countries meeting in the qualifiers for the 1970 football World Cup.

Hear the story as told by the captain of El Salvador's football team - Salvador Mariona.

The Founding Of Napster2012081320120814 (WS)
20120818 (WS)
20120819 (WS)

Shawn Fanning talks about how, as a teenager, he founded the file sharing website Napster.

His was an extraordinary but shortlived success.

The site attracted millions of users but also became a target for the music industry. Founded in 1999, it was closed down in 2001.

(Image: Shawn Fanning. Credit: AP Photo/George Nikitin)

Shawn Fanning talks about how he founded the file sharing website Napster.

The General Strike2012050420120505
The General Strike20120505

In May 1926 workers across Britain went on strike in support of coal miners.

Hear the memories of Hetty Bower, a left-wing Londoner who helped the strikers.

Photo: Armoured cars protect a food convoy in London during the strike. Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The Goons20110821

It is 60 years since The Goon Show first hit the airwaves

A surreal comedy, much of it was written and performed by the comedian Spike Milligan.

His producer Charles Chilton remembers him.

The Gotti Trial20110405

John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.

John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped prison for years.

In April 1992 he was finally convicted on several counts of murder - and was jailed for life.

One of the prosecutors, Patrick Cotter, tells his story.

Photo of John Gotti: AP.

The Gotti Trial20110409

John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.

The Gotti Trial20110410

John Gotti was a mafia boss who had escaped jail for years.

The Great Escape20101228

The last surviving member of a mass breakout from a German prisoner of war camp speaks.

The film, The Great Escape, has become a favourite in the UK.

It is about a mass breakout from a German prison camp during World War 2.

Ken Rees is the last surviving member of the escape effort.

The Great Train Robbery2012082720120828 (WS)
20120901 (WS)
20120902 (WS)

of 1963, when thieves stole more than £2 million.

The Great Train Robbery of 1963, when thieves stole more than £2 million.

The Royal Mail train was bound from Glasgow to London when it was held up.

Most of the robbers ended up behind bars, but most of the money has never been recovered.

The Hama Massacre 19822011041720110418

In 1982 people in the Syrian city of Hama rose up against the Assad regime.

We hear from two men who as children, lived through the government crackdown that followed.

(Photo credit: Hama skyline).

The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110425

In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.

It sold the rights to other papers including the Times in London.

Journalist Phillip Knightley doubted their authenticity from the start.

The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110426

In 1983 a German magazine believed it had found Hitler's wartime diary.

The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110430
The Hitler Diaries Hoax20110501
The Hobbit2012092120120922 (WS)
20120923 (WS)

How an Oxford academic came up with a story that charmed children for generations.

How Oxford academic JRR Tolkein came up with The Hobbit, a story that charmed children for generations.

Hear excerpts from the BBC's archive of interviews, including JRR Tolkein himself.

(Image: JRR Tolkein in 1967. Credit: Associated Press)

The Hollywood Blacklist20120109

A list of radicals in Hollywood and the entertainment industry was published by US anti-communists more than 60 years ago.

The list was known as Red Channels and people whose names were on it found their careers in jeopardy.

Walter Bernstein was a young screenwriter at the time.

A list of radicals in the US entertainment industry was published more than 60 years ago.

The Hungarian Picnic20110818
The Hungarian Picnic20110821

The picnic that led to the first breaches of the Iron Curtain in 1989

The picnic planned as a demonstration for European integration that ended with hundreds of East Germans escaping to the West through the Iron Curtain.

We talk to one of the organisers of the picnic, on the border between Austria and Hungary in 1989, that prefigured the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The Iran-iraq War2012102520121026 (WS)
20121028 (WS)

In the autumn of 1980 one of the longest wars of the 20th Century began.

The Joy Of Sex20111031

It is almost 40 years since the publication of a groundbreaking book about relationships.

It was written by a British academic and illustrated with images of real people.

It went on to sell millions of copies around the world.

Image © Chris Foss courtesy www.ChrisFossArt.com.

The Killer Lake20110904

in Cameroon.

The Killing Of Olof Palme20120229

On 28 February 1986, the Swedish Prime Minister was killed on a Stockholm street.

He had been for an evening at the cinema with his wife.

The police investigation into his murder is still open.

Photo: Associated Press.

The Kitchen Debate20110725

In July 1959 two Cold War leaders argued over whose system was best

But who won the argument when Nikita Khrushchev and Richard Nixon went head to head in public?

And why were they talking about kitchen appliances?

Photo: AP.

The Kitchen Debate20110726

In July 1959 two Cold War leaders argued over whose system was best.

The Kitchen Debate20110731
The Kon-tiki Adventure2012080220120803 (WS)
20120805 (WS)

The story of Thor Heyerdahl's crossing of the Pacific on a balsa wood raft, the Kon-Tiki.

In 1947, Thor Heyerdahl sailed his balsa wood raft, the Kon-Tiki, across the Pacific Ocean to add weight to his belief that ancient peoples were capable of long sea journeys.

He also wanted to prove that it was possible that Polynesia was first colonised by natives of South America.

(Image: The Kon-Tiki raft. Credit: Getty Images)

The Kursk Disaster20100812

It's exactly 10 years since the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk sank in the Barents sea.

When the submarine Kursk went missing on a training exercise - teams of experts from around the world offered to help.

One of them tells Witness how it feels to be stuck at the bottom of the sea.

The Last Viceroy Of India2012081520120816 (WS)
20120820 (WS)

The daughter of the last British viceroy in India, Lord Mountbatten, remembers the transfer of power in 1947. Lady Pamela Hicks, who is now in her eighties, accompanied her father as he attended celebrations in both Karachi and Delhi. She remembers encounters both with Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan, and Pandit Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India.

The daughter of the last British viceroy in India remembers the transfer of power in 1947.

The Lod Airport Massacre2012053020120603
20120603 (WS)

Note that some people might find today's programme upsetting.

It is 40 years since Japanese gunmen attacked the Lod airport in Tel Aviv, Israel. They were left-wing militants working for a Palestinian organisation.

Twenty-six people were killed that day and more than 70 others were injured.

Witness hears from Ros Sloboda, one of the survivors of the shooting.

(Image: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP)

It is 40 years since gunmen attacked an Israeli airport. We hear from a survivor.

It is 40 years since gunmen attacked an Israeli airport.

26 people were killed that day.

More than 70 others were injured.

Ros Sloboda was one of the survivors of the shooting, she talks to Witness.

Photo: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP

The Lod Airport Massacre2012053020120531
20120531 (WS)

Note that some people might find today's programme upsetting.

It is 40 years since Japanese gunmen attacked the Lod airport in Tel Aviv, Israel. They were left-wing militants working for a Palestinian organisation.

Twenty-six people were killed that day and more than 70 others were injured.

Witness hears from Ros Sloboda, one of the survivors of the shooting.

(Image: the aftermath of the attack. Credit: AFP)

The Los Angeles Riots2012050220120506

In May 1992 the people of South Central LA took to the streets in fury at police brutality.

The Los Angeles Riots2012050220120503
The Los Angeles Riots20120506

In May 1992 the people of South Central LA took to the streets in fury at police brutality.

They were angry that LAPD officers accused of beating a motorist called Rodney King, had been acquitted.

Hear Rodney King's take on the beating, and the unrest and violence that followed it.

The Lost Tribe Hoax2012111520121116 (WS)
20121118 (WS)

In the 1970s the Filipino government annouced they had discovered a group of cave dwellers who were still living as people did in the stone age. But the tribe turned out to be a hoax that fooled the scientific community.

Photo: Members of the Tasaday tribe photographed by Oswald Iten in the 1980s after they admitted the hoax.

The M Room2012121720121218 (WS)
20121224 (WS)

How exiles from the Nazis helped British intelligence listen in on German prisoners-of-war.

Ninety-three-year-old Fritz Lustig, a refugee from Nazi Germany, is one of the last surviving members of the secret "M Room".

He helped glean vital information from German POWs about Hitler's war machine.

Photo: Sgt Fritz Lustig, circa 1942 (courtesy of Lustig family)

Ninety-three-year-old Fritz Lustig, a German Jew, is one of the last surviving members of the secret "M Room".

Photo: Sgt Fritz Lustig, cerca 1942 (courtesy of Lustig family)

The Manhattan Project20111006

Seventy years ago the US President approved development of the world's first atomic bomb

Seventy years ago the American president Franklin Roosevelt gave the go-ahead to the project to develop the world's first atomic bomb.

Young scientist Bill Wilcox helped make the bomb.

Photo: LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY via AFP/Getty Images.

The Manhattan Project20111009

Seventy years ago the US President approved development of the world's first atomic bomb.

The Massacre Of Baghdad's Jews20110605

The story of the massacre 70 years ago that led to the exodus of Baghdad's Jews

Eye witness accounts of the killing of hundreds of Jews in the streets of the Iraqi capital, Bagdhad.

Witness hears how the massacre in 1941 led to the uprooting of this ancient community.

The Millenium Bug20091231

Ten years ago on New Year's Eve computer experts were preparing themselves for disaster.

On New Year's Eve 1999, although most of the world was partying, there were worries that the beginning of the year 2000 could lead to all sorts of computer problems.

They called it the Millenium Bug.

The Moscow Coup20110818

The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991

Mr Gorbachov was held prisoner in his holiday dacha in the Crimea on the Black Sea while tanks and troops were deployed on the streets of Moscow.

One of Mr Gorbachov's neighbours recalls an abruptly curtailed telephone conversation, and a Moscow journalist remembers filming on the streets of a nervous capital.

The Moscow Coup20110819
The Moscow Coup20110821

The failed attempt to overthrow the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachov in August 1991.

The Moscow Coup20110822
The Mozote Massacre20111210

In December 1981 hundreds of peasants were killed by the army in El Salvador.

Men, women and children from the village of El Mozote were shot.

Only one woman, Rufina Amaya, is known to have survived.

Photo: Rufina Amaya at a funeral for the victims held in 2001.

Credit AFP/Getty images.

The Murder Of Versace2012071720120722
20120722 (WS)

In July 1997 the Italian fashion designer, Gianni Versace, was shot dead.

In July 1997 the Italian fashion designer, Gianni Versace, was shot dead outside his Miami mansion.

His murder set off a huge manhunt across the US and shocked the tightly-knit world of fashion.

(Image: The late Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace. Credit: Associated Press)

The Muslim Brotherhood - Hassan Al-banna2012070420120705
20120707 (WS)
20120708 (WS)

Egypt now has a president from the Muslim Brotherhood - hear how it started 84 years ago.

Egypt now has a president from the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist movement which began 84 years ago.

Its founder was Hassan al-Banna - an Egyptian teacher and imam.

His grandson, the Islamic intellectual, Tariq Ramadan talks to Witness.

(Image: An undated picture of Sheikh Hassan al-Banna (1906-1949), the founder of Egypt's Moslem Brotherhood. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

The My Lai Massacre2012031620120317 (WS)

On 16 March 1968, US soldiers went on the rampage through a Vietnamese village.

They killed men, women and children in cold blood.

We hear from one survivor, Pham Thanh Cong, who was 11 years old when the rest of his family were killed.

Photo: Pham Thanh Cong now.

Credit Hoang Dinh Nam/AFP/Getty Images.

The North Sea Flood20110131

On the last day of January 1953 high tides and storms brought a huge flood to Holland.

When a winter storm combined with high tides to breach sea defences in the Netherlands, over 1800 people drowned.

A survivor remembers the once in a lifetime flood.

The Opening Of Disneyland20110715

In July 1955 the first ever Disney theme park was opened in California

The opening day wasn't entirely successful.

We hear from two people who were there. One a Disney employee, the other, a seven year old boy.

The Opening Of Disneyland20110716

In July 1955 the first ever Disney theme park was opened in California.

The Origin Of Nollywood2012121020121211 (WS)
20121217 (WS)

The story of the 1992 film which launched Nigeria's hugely successful movie industry.

It was called "Living in Bondage".

We speak to one of the stars of the film, Kanayo O. Kanayo.

The Pentagon Papers2012061120120617

The man behind one of the most important security breaches in US history tells his story.

The Pentagon Papers2012061120120612

The man behind one of the most important security breaches in US history tells his story.

In 1971, the New York Times published one of the most important leaks in US history - 7000 pages of top-secret Defence Department documents known as the Pentagon Papers.

The Papers were leaked by a Pentagon analyst called Daniel Ellsberg in an attempt to end the Vietnam War.

He tells his story to Witness.

PHOTO: Daniel Ellsberg in the 1970s (Getty Images).

The Pill2011121020111211

On 4 December 1961 the contraceptive pill became widely available in the UK.

For married women it meant reliable, convenient family planning - for unmarried women it meant sexual freedom.

The writer Michelene Wandor was a student at Cambridge university at the time.

PHOTO: Getty Images.

The Plot To Kill Franco2012081020120811 (WS)

The Scottish anarchist and the plot to kill General Franco.

In 1964 an 18-year-old Scottish anarchist was part of an anti-Franco group in London. He smuggled explosives into Spain in a plot to kill General Franco.

Stuart Christie, who is now in his sixties, recalls his clandestine journey across Europe, the secret signals and passwords he used, and his eventual arrest by Franco's secret police.

Photo: Stuart Christie, photographed by Spanish police shortly after his arrest.

The Pompidou Centre2012060620120607
20120607 (WS)

It is 35 years since the opening of the iconic modern art centre in Paris.

The Pompidou Centre2012060620120610
20120610 (WS)

It is 35 years since the opening of the iconic modern art centre in Paris.

Richard Rogers was one of the two architects who won the commission to build it.

Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty Images

The Release Of Sakharov2011122720111228

In December 1986 the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov was allowed to return to Moscow.

He had spent seven years in internal exile.

His release had been ordered by the reforming Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev

The Right To Die2012043020120506
The Right To Die20120506

In 2002 a paralysed woman, known as Miss B, was allowed to die in a London hospital.

She had gone to the High Court to win the right to have a ventilator which kept her alive, switched off.

The judge in the case was Baroness Elizabeth Butler Sloss.

Photo of Baroness Butler Sloss, Press Association.

The Riot In Chicago In 19682012090420120905 (WS)
20120909 (WS)

The riot that overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968.

In 1968, a riot overshadowed the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

An anti-Vietnam War protest had long been planned, but things soon spiralled out of control.

Witness talks to one of the organisers of the protest, who was hoping to persuade the government to stop the war.

PHOTO: APA/Getty Images

The Romans In Britain20120318

In 1982 a British director found himself in a court battle over sex and nudity on stage.

Michael Bogdanov had directed a play about the Roman invasion of Britain which drew parallels with the contemporary presence of British troops in Northern Ireland.

Photo: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The Rosenhan Experiment2012060520120606
20120606 (WS)

In 1969 an American psychologist called David Rosenhan put psychiatrists to the test.

He and several volunteers had themselves admitted to psychiatric hospitals, although they were perfectly sane.

They then waited for the doctors to notice their normal behaviour.

The Rosenhan Experiment2012060520120610
20120610 (WS)

In 1969 an American psychologist called David Rosenhan put psychiatrists to the test.

He and several volunteers had themselves admitted to psychiatric hospitals, although they were perfectly sane.

They then waited for the doctors to notice their normal behaviour.

The Scoop Of The Century20110903

on the eve of World War II.

How a young British reporter witnessed the German military build-up just days before the invasion of Poland in 1939.

We hear her own account of a daring trip across the border.

The Scoop Of The Century20110904

on the eve of World War II.

on the eve of the Second World War.

How a young British reporter witnessed the German military build-up just days before the invasion of Poland in 1939.

We hear her own account of a daring trip across the border.

The scoop of the century on the eve of World War Two.

The Secret Soviet Naval Mutiny2012112620121127 (WS)
20121203 (WS)

In November 1975, an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship, the Storozhevoy, in the Baltic sea. The Kremlin ordered the Soviet military to sink the ship. We speak to Boris Gindin, one of the survivors of the mutiny.

Photo: A Soviet frigate similar to the Storozhevoy.

In November 1975 an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship in the Baltic.

In November 1975 an incredible mutiny took place aboard a Soviet warship, the Storozhevoy, in the Baltic sea.

The Kremlin ordered the Soviet military to sink the ship.

We speak to Boris Gindin, one of the survivors of the mutiny.

The Seven Up Tv Series2012051420120520

In 1964 a British TV programme introduced a group of seven year olds to the viewing public

In 1964 a TV programme introduced a group of seven year olds to the public.

It has returned to film them every seven years since then, creating a fascinating record of changes in British life.

The series has now reached 56 up. Michael Apted, its director, talks to Witness.

Photo: Getty Images Entertainment.

The Shooting Of Tupac Shakur2012091420120915 (WS)

Sixteen years ago, the American hip hop star Tupac Shakur was killed in a drive-by shooting.

His bodyguard Frank Alexander has been talking to Witness about that day.

Photo of Tupac Shakur in 1993. Associated Press.

How the American hip hop star Tupac Shakur was killed in a drive-by shooting.

The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111226

She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.

But on Boxing Day 1943 she was sunk in the freezing waters of the Arctic.

Norman Scarth is a Witness listener who was on board a British ship and watched her go down.

Photo: Norman Scarth the young sailor.

The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111227

She was one of Germany's greatest battleships during World War II.

The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20111231
The Sinking Of The Scharnhorst20120101
The Stolen Generation20120214

Debra Hocking was taken from her indigenous Australian family as a baby.

It was part of a government policy to try to assimilate Aboriginal children into white families.

Photo: PM Kevin Rudd prepares to apologise to the Stolen Generation in Parliament on February 13 2008. (Getty Images).

The Stolen Generation20120219

Debra Hocking was taken from her indigenous Australian family as a baby.

The Treaty Of Rome20111212

We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.

We take you back to the early days of the European project.

When 6 countries established the European Economic Community.

The German delegation putting their signatures to the Treaty.

Photo: Keystone/Getty Images.

The Treaty Of Rome2011121320111217

We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.

The Treaty Of Rome2011121720111218

We take you back to the beginnings of the European project.

We take you back to the early days of the European project when six countries established the European Economic Community.

Photo: Keystone/Getty Images.

The Trial Of Charles Manson2012050720120513

He was responsible for a series of gruesome murders in the Hollywood hills.

But he was not actually present at the killings.

Hear how the prosecution managed to persuade a jury that he was the man behind the deaths.

The Trial Of Oscar Wilde20120429

How a court case ruined the 19th century playwright and wit.

How a court case ruined the 19th century playwright.

He championed the love that dare not speak its name, or homosexuality, but he was jailed and died in exile.

Photo: Oscar Wilde (l) and Lord Alfred Douglas (r). Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

The Trojan Room Coffee Pot2012112320121124 (WS)

20 years ago the world's first webcam was set up - and it was pointed at a pot of coffee.

Twenty years ago the world's first webcam was created - and it was pointed at a pot of coffee. A camera was set up because computer scientists wanted to be able to see if a coffee pot in a room at Cambridge University was was full and fresh - or empty - and thus not worth a journey to the room where the coffee pot was kept. Soon computer geeks around the world were checking it daily.

The Un Baghdad Bomb20110819

The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003.

The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003, killing 22 people, among them the UN Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello.

We hear from the UN mission's spokesman who was in the building when the blast occurred.

The Un Baghdad Bomb20110820

The bomb that destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad in 2003.

The Un Baghdad Bomb20110821
The Us Embassy In Tehran20111202

In 1979 student demonstrators attacked the American Embassy in Iran.

They held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.

Barry Rosen was the US Press Attache - he spoke to Witness about his time in captivity.

A hostage is paraded in front of the press: MPI/Getty Images.

The Us Embassy In Tehran20111203

In 1979 student demonstrators attacked the American Embassy in Iran.

The Us Peace Corps20120324

In 1961 President Kennedy set up a scheme to send idealistic young Americans abroad.

At the height of the Cold War the underlying idea was to help give the USA a positive image in developing countries.

Hear from one of the first volunteers who went to teach in Ghana.

Photo: Robert Krisko during his Peace Corps days.

The Voyage Of The Empire Windrush20110626

An account of the historic voyage of the Empire Windrush.

The ship that brought the first 500 immigrants from the Caribbean to the United Kingdom more than six decades ago.

The story of the coming of the first West Indian migrants to Britain, back in 1948.

The Voyage Of The Kon-tiki20110808

In 1947 a Norwegian adventurer sailed across the Pacific on a wooden raft.

Thor Heyerdahl had built the raft using only materials available to Americans before Columbus arrived on the continent.

His son and his biographer talk about that extraordinary journey.

Photo: Kon-Tiki Museum.

The Winter Of Discontent20111205

In 1979 British public sector workers went on strike over pay.

Among those taking industrial action were grave-diggers.

But the media, politicians, and even their own families turned against them at the thought of bodies being left unburied.

Tower Bridge Jet20100405

Why one man flew his fighter jet through Tower Bridge in London.

It was on April 5th 1968 that a young pilot in Britain's Royal Air Force decided to protest against the UK government.

He chose to do it by flying through central London in a jet fighter.

Translator At Nuremberg20110918

The trials of senior Nazis began in the autumn of 1945.

Howard Triest was a German Jew who acted as a translator during their questioning.

Photo: Getty Images.

Twenty-five Years Of Botox2012080820120809 (WS)
20120811 (WS)
20120813 (WS)

It's quarter of a century since the world's most popular cosmetic treatment was discovered

It's quarter of a century since the world's most popular cosmetic treatment was discovered by two doctors working in Vancouver.

The husband and wife team discovered the skin-smoothing properties of botulinum toxin, which until then had been viewed primarily as a poison.

Photo: Associated Press

U2 Spy Plane20100503

An american U2 spy-plane was shot down over the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

When an american U2 spy-plane was shot down over Soviet territory in 1960, its pilot, Gary Powers, was lucky to escape alive.

Witness tells the story of his survival, and his subsequent trial and imprisonment in Moscow.

Ulrike Meinhof20110510

In May 1976 the German left-wing extremist Ulrike Meinhof killed herself in prison

She and Andreas Baader had led a terror campaign against the West German state in the early 1970s.

Journalist Stefan Aust knew her well, he talks to Witness.

Photo: Press Association.

Ulrike Meinhof20110514

In May 1976 the German left-wing extremist Ulrike Meinhof killed herself in prison.

Ulrike Meinhof20110515
Us Occupation Of Japan2012081420120815 (WS)
20120819 (WS)

For six years following the end of World War II, Japan was occupied by the US.

For six years following the end of World War II in August 1945, Japan was occupied by the US.

Akira Iriye was ten years old at the time and vividly remembers the surrender of his country to the Allied forces and the arrival of the first American GIs in Tokyo.

(Photo: US President Harry S Truman holds up the official Japanese document of surrender with Emperor Hirohito's signature - Sept 1945. Getty Images)

Us Troops In Iraq20111230

All US troops have now left Iraq. We take you back to when they first invaded in 2003.

US troops left Iraq earlier this month, well before their deadline of December 31st.

We hear from one American soldier who remembers when they first invaded the country, almost 9 years ago.

PHOTO: John Crawford and a colleague in Iraq.

Us Troops In Iraq20111231

All US troops have now left Iraq. We take you back to when they first invaded in 2003.

Uss Cole2011101320111016

On 12 October 2000, an American destroyer was attacked by al-Qaeda suicide bombers.

On 12 October 2000, an American destroyer was attacked by al-Qaeda suicide bombers in the Yemeni port of Aden.

Kirk Lippold was the commanding officer on board that day.

The attack left 17 sailors dead.

Uss Nautilus: Under The North Pole2012080120120802 (WS)
20120804 (WS)
20120806 (WS)

The first voyage to the North Pole under the icecap. Ken Carr remembers Nautilus's mission

In 1958, the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travelled under the Arctic icecap to the North Pole.

Admiral Ken Carr remembers a mission spurred by the Cold War battle for technological supremacy.

(Image: the USS Nautilus)

Vietnam Draft Pardon2012011620120117

In January 1977 President Jimmy Carter said draft dodgers could come home.

It meant that people who had fled the USA to avoid serving as soldiers in Vietnam no longer faced jail.

Michael Hendricks had gone to Montreal in Canada.

Vietnam Draft Pardon20120122

In January 1977 President Jimmy Carter said draft dodgers could come home.

Vietnam War - Christmas Bombing Campaign2012122620121227 (WS)
20121230 (WS)

40 years ago the US launched its heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam War.

40 years ago the Americans launched their heaviest aerial bombardment of the Vietnam War. It was to become known as the Christmas bombing campaign. 20 thousand tonnes of explosives were dropped on or around the Northern city of Hanoi.

Photo: A B52 flying over Vietnam. Credit: VT Freeze Frame.

Washington Snipers20101217

It is 7 years since one of the Washington snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, was convicted of murder

It is seven years since one of the Washington snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, was convicted of murder.

He and John Allen Muhammad had terrorised the US capital for three weeks in autumn 2002, killing at random.

Witness hears from one man who lost his brother during their rampage.

Watergate20100531

US President Richard Nixon was brought down by the Watergate inquiry.

Senator Howard Baker was a Republican supporter of US President Richard Nixon.

But in the 1970s he served on the Watergate committee which eventually led to the president's resignation.

He talks to Witness.

West Side Story2012092520120926 (WS)

It is 55 years since a groundbreaking musical, West Side Story, opened on Broadway.

Hear from a dancer and a producer involved in the original show.

With music by Leonard Bernstein, it transferred the story of Romeo and Juliet to New York City.

Photo: Leonard Bernstein. Copyright BBC.

Windies Make England Grovel2012082220120823 (WS)
20120825 (WS)
20120827 (WS)

The year the England cricket captain said he was going to make the West Indies "grovel".

It's the summer of 1976 and the England cricket team is preparing for a series against the West Indies.

The England captain, the South African-born Tony Greig, says in a pre-series interview that he intends to make his opponents "grovel".

This was a highly provocative remark, made about a team of mainly black cricketers from the Caribbean in the era of apartheid; and a remark that Greig was made to regret once the teams took the field.

(Image: Man of the match Michael Holding acknowledging the crowd after the fifth test for the Wisden Trophy at the Oval in 1976. Credit: Getty Images)

Windscale - Britain's Worst Nuclear Accident20110417

In 1957 a nuclear reactor in the north of England caught fire

When things started to go wrong at the Windscale nuclear plant, workers rushed in to help.

Witness hears from two men who helped bring things under control during Britain's worst nuclear accident.

Wolfenden Report On Homosexuality20100909

In 1957, a government committee shocked Britain by calling for homosexuality to be legal.

In the 1950s, the British government clamped down on what it considered a plague of homosexuality.

Hundreds of men were arrested and sent to jail.

For Witness, one gay man recalls those times and his reaction to the first report calling for homosexuality to be made legal.

Womad2012072720120728 (WS)

It is 30 years since the first Womad - world music festival- in England.

It was the idea of rock star Peter Gabriel.

The first festival featured drummers from Burundi, pop songs from Scotland and sitar music from India.

Photo: Peter Gabriel today. (Martin Vennard)

Woodstock Festival 196920110828

It was a pivotal moment in American popular culture.

Three days of music and much more on a muddy farm in upstate New York - the Woodstock festival of 1969.

A self-confessed "Woodstock survivor" tells us how it changed his life.

A pivotal moment in American popular culture - the Woodstock festival of 1969.

Woodstock Festival 19692011082920110830

A pivotal moment in American popular culture - the Woodstock festival of 1969.

World's First Environment Conference20110606

The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit

The first international conference on the problems of the environment took place in 1972.

Hear the story of the man, Maurice Strong, who made this important gathering possible.

Photo: Maurice Strong (right) shakes hands with Brazilian Indian Chief Kanhok Caiapo.

AFP/Getty.

World's First Environment Conference20110607
World's First Environment Conference20110611

The man who first coralled the international community to hold an environment summit.

World's First Environment Conference20110612
Yuri Gagarin20110417

It is 50 years since Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space.

The young cosmonaut became a hero around the world and a poster boy for Soviet technological achievement.

(Photo credit: Getty Images).

Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster20110309

Survivors recall when a Belgian ferry capsized and killed more than 190 people

We hear what it was like to be trapped in the Herald of Free Enterprise car ferry when it sank off the Belgian port of Zeebrugge in 1987 - killing more than 190 people.