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01 20071203Donald Macleod opens Mozart's address book to discover the friends, family and fellow musicians who inspired some of his greatest music. These include a piano sonata written to perform with Mozart's sister Nannerl, and a horn concerto for his virtuoso friend Joseph Leutgeb.
Sonata for 4 hands, K381
Martha Argerich, Alexandre Rabinovitch (piano)
Die Schuldigkeit Des Ersten Gebots (excerpts)
Margaret Marshall, Ann Murray (soprano)
Hans Peter Blochwitz (tenor)
Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart
Neville Marriner (conductor)
Horn Concerto, K417
Barry Tuckwell (horn)
English Chamber Orchestra
Ah, lo Previdi! Emma Kirkby (soprano)
The Academy of Ancient Music
Christopher Hogwood (conductor)
 
01 20090302Donald Macleod explores Mozart's Vienna years, focusing on the composer's arrival in Vienna as he set about establishing himself in all the right circles, in particular, the regular Sunday afternoon gatherings at the home of the diplomat Baron Gottfried van Swieten, who introduced Mozart to the music of Bach and Handel.
The music includes two major chamber works: the powerful - and most un-serenade-like - Serenade in C minor, K388, and the String Quartet in E flat, K428 - one of Mozart's six so-called 'Haydn' quartets, written in tribute to the older composer.
Donald Macleod looks at Mozart's arrival in Vienna, as he began establishing himself.
01177720141110Donald Macleod explores the events of 1777, the year Mozart came of age.

This week, Donald Macleod dips into five key years of Mozart's life, and presents five of his chamber works for solo wind and strings. These works span Mozart's entire career, ranging from his four exquisite flute quartets to the late clarinet quintet - arguably one of the greatest chamber works ever composed.

We begin in 1777, the year Mozart came of age. After a dazzling career as a child prodigy, his mature genius was beginning to flower in works such as the Piano Concerto No.9 in E flat ("Jeunehomme") and the dramatic concert aria "Ah, lo previdi". Increasingly frustrated by the limits of his position in Salzburg, the ambitious young composer set off for Mannheim - with mixed results.
01177720141110Donald Macleod explores the events of 1777, the year Mozart came of age.
01The Mozart Family Grand Tour20120625Donald charts what has come to be known as the Mozart Family Grand Tour.
Between the ages of 5 and 35, Mozart clocked up some 3,720 days on tour; that's more than 10 of his not-quite-36 years. This week, Donald Macleod clambers into the Mozart family carriage to plot a selective course through the composer's Awaydays, from his earliest outings as an infant phenomenon to his final trip three decades later.
Today's programme charts the extraordinary course of the three-and-a-half-year journey around Western Europe that has come to be known as the Mozart Family Grand Tour, on which the 7-year-old Mozart embarked with his father Leopold, mother Anna Maria and sister Nannerl in June 1763.
01Young Artists Day - A Child Prodigy20150504As part of Young Artists Day on Radio 3, Martin James Bartlett, BBC Young Musician of the Year 2014, joins Donald Macleod to explore the early life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, discuss life as a young pianist, and also perform in the studio part of Mozart's Piano Sonata in F major K332.
He took the 'land of the clavier', Vienna, by storm, becoming something of a pioneer in composing piano concertos, this week Donald Macleod explores the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. From his early beginnings in Salzburg as a child prodigy, being paraded by his father around Europe performing for kings and queens, and up until his early death in Vienna, Mozart was a prodigious composer in many genres including chamber music and opera. It was his talent as a pianist that really had audiences speechless in Vienna. He organised subscription concerts in the Auergarten, arriving on stage in a succession of fancy coats, and then proceeded to amaze his listeners with his latest piano concertos. This week Donald Macleod focuses each day on one of Mozart's piano concertos, and the period in which it was composed.
Nannerl said of her brother Wolfgang, that he had to be restricted from composing or practicing the keyboard at all hours. The child Mozart was a prodigy, and was keen to show off his talents. His father Leopold took Nannerl and Wolfgang on a number of trips around Europe, where they performed for the nobility and royalty. Mozart's main instrument was the harpsichord, but he also took to the violin. One of his first works to appear in print was his sonata for keyboard with violin accompaniment in C major K6.
Leopold described his son as a miracle which God caused to be born in Salzburg. However Leopold realised that Salzburg was too small a place to restrict the talents of his prodigy son, so he made sure Mozart's abilities were recognised far and wide. It was whilst on tour in London that Mozart composed his early Symphony No 4 in D major.
02 20071204As a child prodigy, Mozart had tasted success at the court of Mannheim. He returned there with his mother at the age of 21 in search of work, but instead found love. Donald Macleod explores Mozart's unrequited passion for the soprano Aloysia Weber - though it was her sister Constanze who became his wife.
An aria for the revered castrato Venanzio Rauzzini and a piano sonata for a pupil in Mannheim also feature.
Exsultate, Jubilate
Felicity Lott (soprano)
London Mozart Players
Jane Glover (conductor)
Non so d'onde Viene
Natalie Dessay (soprano)
Orchestre de l'Opera de Lyon
Theodor Guschlbauer (conductor)
Sonata in C, K309
Ronald Brautigam (fortepiano)
Konstanze! Dich wieder zu sehen! - O wie angstlich, o wie feurig (Die Entfuhrung auf dem Serail, Act 1)
Belmonte....Ian Bostridge (tenor)
Les Arts Florissants
William Christie (director).
02 20090303Donald Macleod explores Mozart's Vienna years, describing the visit of the composer's father, Leopold, to his new apartment in Vienna - which was to be the last time they would see each other. The programme features Mozart's Piano Concerto in D minor, K466, which was undergoing its finishing touches as Leopold arrived. There is also a lesser-known work, Davidde Penitente or The Penitent David, whose music Mozart partially recycled from the mighty Mass in C minor, left incomplete in 1783.
02178120141111Donald Macleod concentrates on the year Mozart arrived in Vienna, 1781.
Donald Macleod explores the year that saw Mozart arrive in Vienna, the city where he would spend the final decade of his tragically short life.
This week, Donald Macleod dips into five key years of Mozart's life, and presents five of his chamber works for solo wind and strings. These works span Mozart's entire career, ranging from his four exquisite flute quartets to the late clarinet quintet - arguably one of the greatest chamber works ever composed.
1781 was the year Mozart finally escaped the petty frustrations of working for his patron, Archbishop Colloredo. He travelled first to Munich and then to Vienna. His opera Idomeneo was Mozart's major success on stage that year, and he also found time to compose several beguiling chamber works, including the second of this week's featured works for wind and strings: his Oboe Quartet in F.
02Battles With Authority20150505Donald Macleod focuses on the period in which Mozart composed his Piano Concerto No 9.
He took the 'land of the clavier', Vienna, by storm, becoming something of a pioneer in composing piano concertos, this week Donald Macleod explores the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Relations between the Archbishop of Salzburg and one of his employees, young Mozart, were not going well. The Archbishop found Mozart insubordinate and rebellious, and forbade him to compose any further symphonies. Instead Wolfgang was expected to regularly churn out suitable entertainment music for his employer including serenades, marches, and divertimenti, including his Divertimento in F major No 10 K247.
Mozart however pushed against the boundaries where he could, including writing a series of violin concertos. He also had the opportunity to compose much liturgical music including his Litaniae de venerabili altaris sacramento K243. It was however for a visiting French pianist that Mozart composed the first of his great piano concertos, No 9 in E flat major K271. He wrote this work in the month that he turned twenty-one, and there was a sense of dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra, which was quite new for listeners at that time.
02Battles With Authority20150505 
02The Land Where The Lemon Trees Grow20120626Donald Macleod explores the teenage Mozart's three trips to Italy.
Yesterday's programme eavesdropped on the Mozart family's mammoth Grand Tour round the cultural capitals of Western Europe. Today, Donald Macleod explores the teenage Mozart's three trips to Italy, which laid the foundation for his future operatic masterpieces.
03 20071205Donald Macleod explores Mozart's relationship with his nemesis Antonio Salieri with a complete performance of the opera Der Schauspieldirektor, commissioned by Emperor Joseph II for a battle of the Italian and German opera companies in Vienna. But it was Mozart's relationship with the operatic genius librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte that proved more fruitful.
Der Schauspieldirektor
Magda Nador, Krisztina Laki (sopranos)
Thomas Hampson (baritone)
Harry van der Kamp (bass)
Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam
Nikolaus Harnoncourt (conductor)
Marriage of Figaro (finale)
Figaro....Bryn Terfel (baritone)
Susanna....Alison Hagley (soprano)
Count Almaviva....Rodney Gilfry (baritone)
Countess Almaviva....Hillevi Martinpelto (soprano)
Cherubino....Pamela Helen Stephen (mezzo-soprano)
Marcellina....Susan McCulloch (mezzo-soprano)
Bartolo....Carlos Feller (bass)
Basilio....Francis Egerton (tenor)
Antonio....Julian Clarkson (bass)
Barbarina....Lucinda Houghton (soprano)
The Monteverdi Choir
The English Baroque Soloists
John Eliot Gardiner (conductor)
Ch'io mi Scordi di Te
Christine Schafer (soprano)
Maria Joao Pires (piano)
Berlin Philharmonic
Claudio Abbado (conductor).
03 20090304Donald Macleod explores Mozart's Vienna years, focusing on the importance to the composer of Johann Leutgeb, an old colleague of Mozart's from Salzburg days. Leutgeb was a talented horn player and, somewhat bizarrely, a cheese-shop owner, for whom Mozart wrote several works, including the famous Concerto in E flat, K495.
The programme also looks at the end of the Viennese public's love affair with Mozart's music, as the fun-loving Viennese struggled to keep pace with the intensity of works like the String Quintet in G minor, K516.
Donald Macleod explores the end of the Viennese public's love affair with Mozart's music.
03178220141112Donald Macleod on the events of 1782, when Mozart married and composed his most bawdy song
Donald Macleod explores the events of 1782 - a year when Mozart both married his wife Constanze, and composed his most notorious bawdy song.
This week, Donald Macleod dips into five key years of Mozart's life, and presents five of his chamber works for solo wind and strings. These works span Mozart's entire career, ranging from his four exquisite flute quartets to the late clarinet quintet - arguably one of the greatest chamber works ever composed.
1782 was a pivotal year for Mozart, as he wed Constanze Weber in a ceremony that attracted ill-feeling and familial strife from all sides. Meanwhile, this year saw him compose two utterly contrasting, yet enchanting, chamber works: the delightful variations on "Ah Vous Dirai-Je Maman" (better known as Mozart's variations on "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star"), and the notoriously lewd canon for six voices, K.231. Completing the events of this turbulent year, Donald Macleod introduces a complete performance of Mozart's Horn Quintet in E Flat - written for the virtuoso Joseph Leutgeb.
03Triumph And Tragedy In Paris20120627Donald Macleod explores Mozart's fateful trip to Paris, during which time his mother died.
When Mozart visited Paris as a child, the Parisians fêted him as a wunderkind. Today's programme finds him back in Paris - but now he's 22, and is met with a snooty Parisian indifference. He eventually scores a success with his 'Paris' Symphony, but at a huge personal cost - the death of his mother.
03Wolfgang In Vienna20150506Donald Macleod focuses on Mozart's time as a freelance musician in Vienna.
He took the 'land of the clavier', Vienna, by storm, becoming something of a pioneer in composing piano concertos, this week Donald Macleod explores the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
In the early 1780s, Mozart was making his way as a freelance musician in Vienna. He'd finally left the employment of Archbishop Colloredo in Salzburg, and was now dazzling Viennese audiences with his music, such as his the Rondo in D major K382 for piano and orchestra. His latest opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail also had quite an impact in Vienna, even though Emeperor Joseph II was supposed to have said that the music was too beautiful, and "a monstrous many notes".
On top of Mozart's growing popularity, there was another reason for his interest for remaining in Vienna. Wolfgang had previously fallen in love with Aloysia Weber, but she was now married. His affections turned to her younger sister Constanze, whom he then married. During this same period, Mozart's career as a virtuoso performer in Vienna was in the ascent. In partnership with a musician called Martin, he organised and gave a number of subscription performances. At these concerts which often included in the audience the Emperor, Mozart wowed his public with his artistry, performing his latest works including the Concerto No 13 in C major K415 for piano and orchestra.
04 20090305Donald Macleod explores Mozart's Vienna years, focusing on his growing worries about money, as he dashed off begging letter after begging letter to his wealthy friends and fellow freemasons.
It was in this troubled frame of mind that Mozart composed two of his best-known works -the Piano Sonata, K545, and the Jupiter Symphony, which, although sharing the key of C major, are two very distinct pieces.
Donald Macleod explores how, despite serious money trouble, Mozart wrote two great works.
04178720141113Donald Macleod explores the aftermath of the death of Mozart's father, Leopold, in 1787.
Donald Macleod explores the aftermath of the death of Mozart's father, Leopold, in 1787.

This week, Donald Macleod dips into five key years of Mozart's life, and presents five of his chamber works for solo wind and strings. These works span Mozart's entire career, ranging from his four exquisite flute quartets to the late clarinet quintet - arguably one of the greatest chamber works ever composed.

1787 saw Mozart visit Prague for the first time, where he was received with both a rapturous welcome and a new operatic commission - Don Giovanni. Yet amongst the year's tremendous success, he suffered the loss of the most influential figure in his life, his father Leopold. Donald Macleod introduces two perennial favourites, "Eine Kleine Nachtmusik" and the "Catalogue" Aria from Don Giovanni, as well as Mozart's exquisite Flute Quartet no.4.
04Dissatisfied In Vienna20150507Donald Macleod considers why, disheartened in Vienna, Mozart considered moving to London.
He took the 'land of the clavier', Vienna, by storm, becoming something of a pioneer in composing piano concertos, this week Donald Macleod explores the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
In 1786, Mozart organised a number of subscription concerts at the Burgtheatre in Vienna. At these events he performed his latest music, including the Concerto No 23 in A major K488 for piano and orchestra. His popularity as a concert pianist had by now peaked, and Mozart was frustrated that he'd still not been able to secure a position at court.
Mozart now cancelled any further subscription concerts, and considered moving to France or England where he thought the prospects were better. The Emperor Joseph II upon hearing the rumours that Mozart was planning to leave, promptly offered him the post of chamber musician. Set against this good fortune, was the tragic news that Mozart's father Leopold had died. Around this time of grief Mozart composed relatively little, but he did complete his opera Don Giovanni K527.
04Dissatisfied In Vienna20150507 
04Home Is Where The Heart Is?20120628Donald Macleod eavesdrops on Mozart as he returns to his native Salzburg.
In today's programme, Donald Macleod eavesdrops on Mozart - now all big and grownup, married and living in Vienna - as he returns to his native Salzburg for an uncomfortable family reunion. Experiencing once again the stultifying atmosphere of provincial Salzburg can only have convinced Mozart that he had done the right thing by getting out of there. Back in Vienna a little over three months later, he and his wife Constanza discovered that their first son, Raimund Leopold, whom they had left behind with a foster carer, had been dead for more than a month.
05The Last Piano Concerto20150508Donald Macleod on Mozart's final years and the completion of his final piano concerto.
He took the 'land of the clavier', Vienna, by storm, becoming something of a pioneer in composing piano concertos, this week Donald Macleod explores the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The year 1790 began well with the premiere of Mozart's opera Cosi fan tute. It was a success in Vienna which earned him a fee of two hundred ducats. Unfortunately his finances were not in a good state, and one friend found Mozart and Constanze dancing around their apartment simply to keep warm. Through an act of generosity came a commission, for which Mozart composed his String Quintet in E flat major K614.
1791 would prove to be Mozart's last. It was then that he completed his final piano concerto, No 27 in B flat major K595, although the paper he used to write this work, suggests that this concerto dates from an earlier period. Money remained tight for Mozart, and so he accepted a mysterious commission for a Requiem. In the last hours before his death, Mozart dictated this work to his pupil Süssmayer, and puffed out his cheeks imitating the sound of the timpani passages.
05The Last Piano Concerto20150508 
05 LAST 20090306Donald Macleod explores Mozart's Vienna years, and concentrates on the opera that affronted some of the composer's fellow masons, but which has enchanted generations of opera-goers ever since - The Magic Flute.
He also focuses on the commissioning of the Requiem Mass, which, as many believe, came about when Mozart received a call from a stranger, who made him an offer he could not afford to refuse. The composer almost certainly had the whole work mapped out in his head, but died before he was able to get it all down on paper.
Donald Macleod explores Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the unfinished Requiem.
05 LAST 20120629Donald explores Mozart's late-flowering success in Prague.
In today's programme, Donald Macleod explores Mozart's late-flowering success in Prague, which went Figaro-crazy in December 1786 - Figaro being The Marriage of Figaro, one of Mozart's operatic masterpieces. When the composer turned up in Prague to attend a performance of his latest smash, he got serious red-carpet treatment. Not only that, he was invited to create another opera, especially for the city; this turned out to be Don Giovanni, arguably his most perfect operatic creation. La clemenza di Tito, Mozart's final opera for Prague and a late flowering of opera seria, has never enjoyed the acclaim of his comic masterpieces, but it has a quiet and compelling nobility.
05 LAST178920141114Mozart's life in 1789, a year of financial turmoil. With a late chamber masterpiece.
Donald Macleod introduces the events of Mozart's life in 1789, a year of financial turmoil, and his chamber masterpiece, the Clarinet Quintet.
This week, Donald Macleod dips into five key years of Mozart's life, and presents five of his chamber works for solo wind and strings. These works span Mozart's entire career, ranging from his four exquisite flute quartets to the late clarinet quintet - arguably one of the greatest chamber works ever composed.
Donald Macleod ends his survey of Mozart's works for solo wind and strings with one of his last, the Clarinet Quintet in A. The year it was composed, 1789, saw Mozart spiral increasingly into debt, even as his marriage to Constanze found itself under the strain of jealousy and infidelity.
  20071206Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
4/5. Mozart was an ardent freemason, as were several of his friends. Freemasonry suited his philosophical ideals, his liberal outlook and his sociable nature. Donald Macleod investigates the influence of freemasonry on Mozart's music in The Magic Flute and the cantata Die Maurerfreude (The Mason's Joy). Haydn, a fellow freemason, was the inspiration for a set of six string quartets, including The Dissonance, K465.
Der Holle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen (Die Zauberflote)
Queen of the Night....Natalie Dessay (soprano)
Les Arts Florissants
William Christie (director)
Die Zauberflote (Sc 29)
Papageno....Anton Scharinger (baritone)
Papagena....Linda Kitchen (soprano)
Monostatos....Steven Cole (tenor)
Three Ladies....Anna-Maria Panzarella, Doris Lamprecht, Delphine Haidan (sopranos and mezzo)
Sarastro....Reinhard Hagen (bass)
Die Maurerfreude
Werner Krenn (tenor)
Edinburgh Festival Chorus
London Symphony Orchestra
Istvan Kertsz (conductor)
String Quartet in C, K465 (Dissonance)
Budapest String Quartet
 
  200712075/5. Mozart's friends came in all guises, from fellow musicians to eminent businessmen whose emotional and financial support was crucial to his wellbeing. Mozart repaid them with some of his most sublime music. Donald Macleod features a complete performance of the Clarinet Concerto, written for Mozart's great friend Anton Stadler, the final movements of his Trio Divertimento, written for his financial aide Michael Puchberg, and the Lacrimosa from his Requiem, completed posthumously by Mozart's friend and pupil Xaver Sussmayr.
Requiem (Lacrimosa)
Bavarian Radio Chorus
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
Colin Davis (conductor)
Clarinet Concerto in A, K622
Michael Collins (basset clarinet)
Russian National Orchestra
Mikhail Pletnev (conductor)
Divertimento in E flat, K563 (mvts 5 and 6)
Leopold String Trio
Se il Padre Perdei (II Idomeneo, Act 2)
Ilia....Heidi Grant Murphy (soprano)
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
James Levine (conductor)
 

Duration

  • 01 Hours

Genre

  • Genre: Classical, Music / Genre: Classical, Music / Genre: p02dzcg2 / Genre: Classical, Music / Genre: p02dzcg2 / Genre: Classical, Music / Genre: p02dzcg2 / Genre: Classical, Music / Genre: p02dzcg2